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A New Hampshire Magazine 







iS 95 

V S93S76 

The Granite Monthly 


January — June t /Sgj. 

A British Soldier: A Reminiscence, Milo Benedict 

P>art1ett, John H., UPON the Lake .... 
lVnedict. Milo, A British Soldier: A Reminiscence 
Music and Life: or, The Ethics of Music 

I've y 


Chandler, Agatha P. E., Wild Reutlingen. A Romance oe the Time of the 
Great King ....... 47, 95, 18b. 23 r. 305. 

Chandler, Ensign Lloyd H., U.S.N., From Grey town to Brito by Water. En- 
gineering Problems on the Route now Proposed for the Nicaragua 
Canal ............. 

Chandler, Hon. William E., President Cleveland- and his Cabinet: Welcome 
to New England ........... 

Chapin, Bela, The Home of Thrasidamus (A Translation from Theocritus, . 

Christmas Gifts, Harlan C. Penrson 

Concord's Midwinter Carnival, Edward X. Pearson ..... 

Dole, Edith Smith, Jest for To-day 




Educational Department, Fred Gowing . 

Course of Study ...... 

Herbartiantsm (Concluded), Dr. L. R. Klemru : 

En the Country School, Dr. E. E. White 

Pronunciation .......... 

Public Schools of Somersworth, Richard W. Shapleigh 

Reading for Teachers, Channing Folsom . 

The SCHOOLS of the City of Keene, Dr. Thaddeus William Harri 

The Schools of Portsmouth, J. C. Simpson . 

Fogg, Walter LeRoy, The Granite Hills 

French, Edward, M. D., "Goon Fishing " 

Picturesque Peterborough 

58, 117, 18S, 262, 327, 409 








From Gkeytown to Brito by Water Engineering Problems on the Route 
now PROPOSED for the NICARAGUA Caxal, Ensign Lloyd H. Chandler, U.S. X. 

"Good Fishing,'' 1 Edward French, M. I). 
GORDON, Rev. A. J., Mrs. Howard L. Porter 
Griffith, George Bancroft, Holy Purpose 

Humble Toil 

Gowing, Fred, Educational Department . 

58, 1 17, 188, 262. 3 








Harris, William S., The. Reign of the Ice-King 

To the Dandelion ....... 

Mollis, Virginia C., My Trees 

Holy Purpose, George Bancroft Griffith 
How the Parish Grew to a City: A Sketch of Somerswo 
Lord ......... 

Humble Toil, George Bancroft Griffith 
Hurd, Willis Edwin, The Feat Rock . 

In the Merry, Merry Springtime .... 
In the Orchard, Belle Marshall Locke 

Jenks, Edward A.. The Sunset Bridge 

Marguerite ....... 

The North Wind's Winter Outing - 

O Gemini 

Oh! 'Twas the Funniest Thing: But I'll Tell You 
Two Apples 

Jewett, Stephen Shannon, Clarence Johnson 

Johnson, Clarence, Stephen Shannon Jewett 

Just for To-day, Edith Smith Dole ..... 

Knapp, Hon. Wm. D., Christopher Henry Wells . 

Linehan, Hon. John C, War Pictures 
Locke, Belle Marshall, In the Orchard 

Lord, Edward O., How the Parish Grew to a City: A Sketch 
worth . . • • 

Lord, Myra B., The Awakening 

The New Year 

M. A. C. C, Trailing. Arbutus 

Marguerite, Edward A. Jenks 

McDuffee, Willis, New Hampshire's Seventh City: A Sketch of th 

Town and Modern Municipality of Rochester 
Metcalf, Harry B., The New Hampshire State Library 
Moses, George H., New Hampshire's Youngest City: A S 
Pullman, New Hampshire: A Lumber Camp . 

Music, Adelaide CiJley Waldron 

Music and Life, <>r the Ethics of Music, Milo Benedict 
My Trees, Virginia C. Hollis .... 

about It 

Edward O 


e Ancient 










2 S3 










Si w Hampshire Necrology 

Abbott, Simmon . 
Aiken, Judge David . 
Ambrose, Rev. Joshua E., 
Batchelder, Col. John B. 
Beaciiam, Hon. Asa . 
Bean, Walter H., 
Bingham, Hon. George A. 
Blackmer, Dr. John P., 
Boyden, Elijah . 
Boylston, Edward D 
Browne, Dr. John Mills, 
Brown, Sylvester 
Campbell, Captain Hiram 
Chadwick, James C. . 
Clapp, Hon. Henry W. 
Clough, George 
Coffin. Edward D. 
Coit, Rev. Henry A., D. 1 
Colby, Hon. Ethan . 
Coombs, Rev. Stephen 
Craig, Daniel H. 
Crawford, Frederick S. 
Edgerly, Col. M. V. B. 
Everett, Henry H. . 
Farr, Captain George 
Farrar, Almon J. 
Fisk, Dr. Cyrus M. . 
Foster, Galen . 
French, Dr. Nathan . 
French, Dr. James H. 
Gale, Napoleon B. 
Gardner, Rev. George W 
Gray, Henry C. 
Greeley, Dr. Moses R. 
Hall, George 
Hitchcock, Hiram A. 
Howard, Ezra P. 
Howison, Robert H. . 
Hubbard, Edwin T., M. D. 
Humphrey, Hon. Stillman 
Jaques, Mrs. YV. H. ., George, M. D. 
Kimball, Hon. Horatio 
Kimball, Lewis . 
Kimball, William S. 
Little, GeOrge . 
Locke, Henry W. 
Mauston, Hon. Moulton B 
Mar iin, Rev. Albert H. . 

U. S 




63, 123. 194, 267, 34; 


J 95 
























New Hampshire Necrology {Continued}: 
Mathews, James H. . 

Meserve, Andrew J. . 

Morev, Prof. J. H. . 

Olcott, George .... 

Parker, Hon. William T. 

Prescott, Ex-Gov. Benjamin F. 

Putnam, Sewell 

Riddle, William Quincy . 

Secomb, Daniel F. . . 

Shipley, Joseph L. 

Sleeper, Col. Solomon H. 

Sprague, Hon. E. Carlton 

Spooner, Re\". Thomas 

Stearns, John N. 

T I lion, FIenkv K 

Weston, James A 

Whittier, Dr. D. 

Wilder. Elihu . 

Willard, Hon. David E. 

Winchester, George W. 
New Hampshire People . 

Knowles, Ella L. — A Successful Lawyer, Marion Howard 

Lane, Henry W. — The Young College Samson- 
Pierce, Charles F., H. B. Colby 

Wheeler, BERTRAND T., John W. Pearson 
New Hampshire's Daughters, Kate Sanborn 
New Hampshire's Seventh City: A Sketch of the Ancient Town- 
Modern Municipality oe Rochester, Willis McDurTee . 
New Hampshire's Youngest City: A Sketch of Franklin, George H 



O Gemini, Edward A. Jenks ...... 

Oh! T was the Funniest Thing! But I'll Tell You all About It, E 
A. Jenks ......... 

Our Summer Home, W. C. Stuioc ..... 

Pattee, Fred Lewis, Sarracenta ...... 

Pearson, Edward N., Concord's Midwinter Carnival 
Pearson, Harlan C, Christmas Gifts .... 

Picturesque Peterborough, Edward French, M. D. . 
Porter, Mrs. Howard L., Rev. A. J. Gordon, D. D. . 
President Cleveland and His Cabinet: Welcome to New 
William E. Chandler . . . . . 

Pullman, New Hampshire, A Lumber Camp, George H. Mose 

Rand, Thomas C, The Gem of the Ashuelot Valley: A Sk 
Robinson, Mrs. R. Emma, To hie DISCOVERER and FOUNDER of Chr 
Science — Rev. Mary B. G. Eddy .... 

Sarracenta, Fred Lewi- Pattee .... 


etch of K 






Thomas C 
Bela Ciki 



Spring Pilgrimages, Edith H. VViggin 

Stewart, Park J., The Manchester Press Club 

Sturoc, W. C, On; Summer Home .... 

The Awakening, Myra r>. Lord ..... 
The Concord Woman's Club, Mrs. Mary P. VVoodworth 
The Flat Rock, Willis Edwin Hard .... 
The Gem of the Ashuelot Valley: A Sketch of Keene, 
The Granite Hills, Walter LeRoy Fogg . 
The Home of Thrasidamus (A Translation from Theocritus) 
The Manchester Press Club, Park J. Stewart . 
The New Hampshire State Library, Harry B. Metcalf 
The New Year, Myra P>. Lord . . . . . 
The N t orth Wind's Winter Outing, Edward A. Jenks 
The Reign of the Ice-King, W. S. Harris ... 
The Sunset Bridge, Edward A. Jenks 
To the Dandelion, William S. Harris 
To the Discoverer and Founder of Christian Science — R 
Mrs. R. Emma Robinson ..... 

Trailing Arbutus, M. A. C. C 

Two Apples, Edward A Jenks ..... 

tioN the Lake, John H. Bartlett .... 

Waldron, Adelaide Cilley, Music ..... 

Wells, Christopher Henry, Hon. Wm. D. Knapp 
Wild Reutlingen. A Romance of the Time of the Great King, 
I>. E. Chandler ........ 47, 95, 180. 2 

Wiggin, Edith E., Spring Pilgrimages 

War Pictures. John C. Linehan .... 

Wood worth, Mrs. Mary P., The Concord Woman's Club 

ev. Mary I 

5. ('.. Eoi)\ 

1. 3°5 

vi 1 

J J 















oluroe XVII! 


JSunr>ber I 

AKbWTtSr ■ ^ 

r \)\ . - Vii li- 

ft •'<• ^ y# /^ E 1 LaJ^I 







The World's Fair" 

Best Flou 


Excels All Others in 
Purity in Milling- and 

Excellent Flavor of the Bread. 


Anon/rs'S on fMnRo\riNG the: 



M A I L f C FC<£< TEN C C M T S 




Life Insurance appeals to the best that there is in human nature. The man who is in love 
only with himself finds but little use for life insurance. 
We offer the policies of the 


to the man who loves his mother, wife, and children. 

Every policy holder is protected by the laws of Massachusetts. If you are but twenty-five 
years of age we can sell you a 5io,ooo endowment policy for an annual premium of ^220. 
Specimen policy and rates for any age upon application. 


Chase Block. Concord. 

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iV| i <aoOQC ooooc 353 55 1- 5 >>^ri 


I ^SSu 

JANUARY, 1695. 









The Granite Monthly lor February, 1895, 


A Sketch of the City of Keexel 



Entered at tlie post-office at Concord. N". II.. as second class matter. 
Copyright, 1895, by c ' ie Granite Monthly Company. All rights reserved. 
Illustrated and printed by the Republican Press Association, Concord, N. H. 

Christopher" Henry Wells, Hon. Wm. I). Knapp 1 

The New Year, Myra P>. Lord ........ 3 

How the Parish Grew to a City: A Sketch of Somersworth, 

Edward O. Lord 6 

The Reign of the Ice-King, YY\ S. Harris 32 

The Sunset Bridge, Edward A. Jenks ...... 33 

Christmas Gifts, H. C. Pearson ....... 34 

Holy Purpose, George Bancroft Griffith ...... 38 

From Greytown to Brito by Water. Engineering Problems on 

the Route now Proposed for the Nicaragua Canal, Ensign 

Lloyd H. Chandler, LT. S. N 39 

Wild Reutlingen. A Romance of the Time of the Great King 

(Translated .from the German of Hans Werder), Agatha B. E. 

Chandler ........... 47 

Educational Department, Fred Cowing ...... 58 

New Hampshire Necrology ........ 63 



@mnifc jffofr $vfyorator. 


Vox Evaporating Maple Sap 

; ; ; Manufacturing Cider Jelly, etc, 

The Granite State Evaporator 

Has been in use for over twenty years, and is now- 
conceded to be the best apparatus for making maple 

It has met with increasing and unqualified favor 
wherever it has been tried. 

For durability, efficiency, and cheapness it has 
no rival. Write for testimonials. 


P. O. Box 20*. Mar low, New Hampshire. 

. 3 . s* ? / 

Christopher H. Wells. 

The Granite Monthly. 

Vol. XVI 1 1 

JANUARY, 1895 


/>> Hon. Wm. D. Knap p. 

■"'"'.*' OMK paths of litera- 
ture are avoided be- 
cause the}- are un- 
profitable ; some are 
closed by legal en- 
actments ; and some 
are attempted with 
great caution, because they are 
marked "Dangerous." The guide- 
board to the path for biographical 
sketches of living men should have, 
besides the signal of danger, this 
caution, "Don't prod an editor." 
Whether he has an innate love of 
truth for its own sake, or claims 
a monopoly of lies and the exclu- 
sive privilege of telling them, it is 
always unsafe to serve him up with 
sauces. Skating on thin ice, chum- 
ming with rattlesnakes, teasing ele- 
phants, ballooning among cyclones, 
picking up bombs, and holding up 
targets may be harmless amusements 
or attended with slight risks com- 
pared with any attempt to delineate 
the personal traits and characteristics 
of a live editor, without strict adher- 
ence to absolute verities. 

The following sketch has been pre- 
pared with full consciousness of the 
dangers and probable results, near 

and remote, of any untrue or un- 
fair treatment of the subject. The 
sketcher has been content to walk on 
solid ground, and with his feet, not 
with his eyelids. Personal acquaint- 
ance with the young man from the 
time he was three years old until 
now. and an intimate acquaintance 
with his parents, afford a substantial 
basis for this daring attempt to write 
up an editor. 

Christopher Henry Wells was born 
in Somersworth. X. H.,July 6, 1853. 
He came of fine, sturdy Xew Eng- 
land stock, his parents being Nath- 
aniel and Eliza Thorn Wells. 

The Wells, or Welles, family in 
England is of very ancient origin, 
being clearly traceable back to the 
time of the Norman conquest. It is 
pretty well established that Thomas 
Wells, a physician, who came to 
Ipswich, Mass.. in 1655, was the 
earliest emigrant of that name who 
settled in this country, though sev- 
eral other families of Wells came 
over soon after. .Savage, in his •'Gen- 
ealogical Dictionary of New Eng- 
land/ 1 states that Thomas Wells came 
to this country in 1635 on the Susan 
and Ellen, from London, with young 


Richard Saltonstall, when thirty 
years of age. Thomas was thus one 
of the earliest English inhabitants of 
Ipswich. He married Abigail, a 
daughter of William Warner, and 
sister of Daniel and John Warner. 
all of them people of considera- 
tion among the first settlers. In 
June, 1657, he went to Wells. Me., 
and purchased several hundred acres 
of land, but returned to Ipswich in 
a few years, and on his deatli left 
his land in Wells to his son, John, 
and for more than a century that 
town remained the home of that line 
of the family. 

Through Thomas Wells (the son 
of John) and Nathaniel (the son of 
Thomas ) we come to Nathaniel 
Wells, — born rj-io, died 18 16. — who. 
during his long and useful life, was 
known as Judge Wells. He was one 
of the most distinguished and valua- 
ble of the inhabitants of Wells at 
that time. In 1760 he was gradu- 
ated from Harvard university, where 
he took high rank. 

Bourne, in his " History of Wells 
and Kennebunk," says that Judge 
Wells was "distinguished for strength 
of intellect, a tenacious memory, deep 
thought, and an uncommon power of 
argumentation." He filled many 
positions of trust, and his counsels 
were much relied on by his fellow- 
townsmen. He was a member of 
several important conventions during 
the Revolutionary times, and was a 
special justice and afterwards chief 
justice of the inferior court of com- 
mon pleas, representative to the legis- 
lature, and member of the senate. 
"In fine," says Bourne, "his ser- 
vices were sought for on all matters 
of public interest. He was the peo- 
ple's man. fitted for any station, and 

always ready for duty. Hi^ opinions 

carried with them great weight, and 
controlled the action of a majority of 
the people." He was a contemporary 
of Rev. Moses Hemmenway, D. I)., a 
graduate of Harvard, an able preach- 
er and writer, and one of the most 
eminent logicians in New England. 

Judge Wells's son. Nathaniel, mar- 
ried Eunice, daughter of Dr. Hem- 
menway, before alluded to, and set- 
tled at Deerfield, X. H.. where he- 
preached for more than a quarter of a 
century, some of his sermons being 
now-a-days occasionally published as 
models of theological effort. He was 
an able preacher. The third child 
born to Nathaniel and Kunice wa> 
Nathaniel, the father of the subject 
of this sketch. 

His mother was Eliza Thorn, a 
descendant of William Thorn, who 
was born in 1706 in Scotland; re- 
moved to Londonderry, Ireland, and. 
after a short residence in the north of 
Ireland, was married to Elizabeth 
Wiar, of the same Scotch race. 
They emigrated to America and set- 
tled in Windham. N. H., in 1736. 

Isaac Thorn, their son. was the 
first regular physician in Windham 
of whom there is any record, and. as 
Parker's " History of Londonderry" 
says, he became distinguished by the 
discovery and adoption of improved 
methods of practice in certain cases. 
He was a prominent and influential 
citizen of the town, and was a mem- 
ber of the committee of safety dur- 
ing the Revolution. In [782 he 
removed to Londonderry (now Der- 
ry), N. H. 

James, his son, the father of Eliza, 
was also an important man in this 
community. He was a graduate oi 
Dartmouth, and practised law for 


some years, and a part of the time 
edited a " Constitutionalist " news- 
paper. He held various important 
public offices. The mother of the 
late Hon. Charles II. Bell was a sis- 
tor of this James Thorn. 

Eliza's mother was Harriett Coffin, 
the daughter of Dr. William Coffin, 
who, before the War of the Revolu- 
tion, was a midshipman in the British 
navy. In 1775 he went to Paris, 
France, to complete his education in 
medicine, which was commenced in 
Boston, after which he returned to 
America, and when the Revolution 
broke out he resigned his commission 
as midshipman in the British navy, 
and was appointed a surgeon on the 
brig Tyrannicide, a colony cruiser 
and public armed vessel of fourteen 

Nathaniel Wells was a lawyer in 
Somersworth from about the year 
1835 until his death, which occurred 
in 187*8. He was able and eminent 
in his profession, having been coun- 
sel for large corporations, and having 
large and important interests en- 
trusted to him for adjustment. The 
writer of this sketch read law in 
his office, and recalls with feelings 
of gratitude and admiration the 
kindness of heart, the keenness of 
thought, the quick perception, and 
the broad common sense of Mr. Wells. 
Christopher H. received his early 
education in the public schools of 
Somersworth, and fitted for college 
in the high school under Prof. James 
P. Dixon. In 187 1 he entered Bou- 
doir, college, and was graduated in 
'875. On leaving college he studied 
law with his father and William R. 
Burleigh, then in partner-hip. While 
pursuing his law studies, he organ- 
ized, and was captain of, the famous 

independent military company known 
as the Great Falls Cadets, which was 

acknowledged to be the finest mili- 
tary organization in the state. 

He was admitted to the bar, August 
15, 1878, being among the hr>t can- 
didates under the new and stricter 

requirements oi examination for ad- 
mission. His father died the very 
day after he was admitted to the 
bar. and Christopher soon afterwards 
formed a law partnership with Wil- 
liam R. Burleigh, so literally taking 
his lather's place that the name of 
the former firm, "Wells »N: Burleigh," 
was adopted by the new firm with- 
out change. This partnership lasted 
about six years. During this period 
young Wells was a plodding lawyer, 
showing in his methods of thought 
and action many traits like those 
which had characterized his father. 
He may not have had a full repertory 
of the requirements that distinguished 
the popular advocate, but his ability 
to become an eminent attorney and 
couu.sellor-at-law in the " all around" 
sense clearly appeared. Before he 
became a lawyer — before he left col- 
lege, even — Mr. Wells had aspira- 
tion^ to do something in the literary 
line. Some of his earlier efforts with 
the pen furnished the text for pri- 
vate theatricals and dramatic plays. 
Others were published in the local 
newspaper, and btill others found a 
larger public through the columns of 
more widely circulated papers and 
periodicals. His suece>s in these 
tentative efforts favored his inclina- 
tions, and in [883 he purchased the 
Free Press publishing and printing 
establishment and decided to be an 
editor. A year or two later he gave 
up his law business and devoted him- 
self to his new line of work. He has 


made of the Free Press a strong local 
newspaper, and a leader among the 
papers of the state. Its influence is 
on the side of that which is just and 
right and good, and it is warmly 
devoted to the interests and welfare 
of the community. Its literary tone 
also is good, and it is readable and 

For a number of years after gradu- 
ation from college lie was a member 
of the school committee, and did 
good work in the cause of education. 
lie was a member of the legislature 
of 1 88 1, and also of 1883, and served 
on important committees in both 
bodies. He was also a member of 
the constitutional convention of 1889. 
In iSSy-'SS he was a member of the 
military staff of Gov. Charles H. 
Sawyer, with the rank of colonel. 

Last March Colonel Wells was 
elected mayor of Somersworth, which 
up to that time had been strongly 
Democratic. The Democratic major- 
ity for mayor in 1893 was about 50, 
but Colonel Wells was triumphantly 
elected by 267 Republican major- 
ity. His legal knowledge admirably 
equips him for the office of mayor, 
and he is competent to meet, and 
decide quickly, important questions 
which arise in the course of the 
transaction of municipal business. 
His success as mayor is well estab- 
lished. He has endeavored to keep 
in view the best good of the city 
and the welfare of the community. 
He is the mayor, not of any clique 
or business corporation, but of the 
whole city. Since his coming into 
office there has been a reduction of 
taxation, also a reduction in the rate 
of interest on the municipal debt, 
and a very gratifying reform in 
police methods. Laws against dis- 

turbances on the Lord's day have 
been better enforced, and the moral 
tone of the city has been thereby 
much improved. 

As a speaker. Colonel Wells does 
not po>ses> all the powers or triclrs 
of orator} - (for instance, the trick of 
hesitating in order to make the next 
word more impressive), but he is 
forcible and earnest in his delivery, 
and is sure to engage the attention 
of his audience for the reason that 
he has something to say. He has 
made a number of political speeches 
with marked success. As a presid- 
ing officer he is well versed in par- 
liamentary law, and prompt and 
ready in his decisions. His efforts 
in this line at the banquets of the 
Strafford County Republican club 
and at other meetings have been 
referred to in the most complimentary 

Colonel Wells has always been a 
Republican in politics. He has been 
for a number of years a member of 
the Republican state committee, and 
is now a member of the executive 
committee, which consists of only 
about a dozen members for the whole 
state. He has been president of the 
Strafford County Republican club for 
two years, and was reelected for two 
years more at the splendid banquet of 
the club held October 24, last. He- 
has political influence, not only in 
the city and count}', but also in the 
state. He is a member of Libanus 
lodge, A. F. and A. M., of this city, 
and is a 33d degree Mason ; also is a 
member of other fraternal organiza- 
tions, and of several press clubs and 

As a citizen, he is public spirited 
and generous, always read}- to devote 
time, money, and both physical and 


mental efforts to the public good. 
He is a director in the local library, 
also in two improvement associations. 
and has been identified with the 
growth and progress of Somersworth 
in recent years. In all important 
projects for the increase of business 
enterprises and the opportunities for 
labor requiring contributions of 
money, he has been among the fore- 
most in zeal and liberality. If not 
the first, he was among the first to 
inaugurate the movement which 
resulted, in February, 1893, in 
obtaining a charter and establishing 
the city of Somersworth. 

In religious matters Mr. Wells is 
identified with, and a member of, 
the society connected with the Con- 
gregational church, of which his 
father was a member, in the same 
denomination of which his grand- 
father and two of his uncles were 
able and worthy ministers. 

Mr. Wells was married June 15, 
1887, to Miss Ora Hartford, of Dover. 
N. H.. a lady of refinement and ele- 
gant taste, qualified to attract and 
retain friendships. Though quiet 
and unobtrusive, she can entertain 
with genuine politeness. Their home 
presents a pleasing combination of 
taste and culture, comfort without 
luxury, and elegance without dis- 

In society Mr. Wells is agreeable 
and witty, genial and happy. He 

enjoys an intellectual feast, and is 
able to make liberal contributions to 

the entertainment. 

Amid all the varied activities that 
have occupied his time and attention. 
he has not lost sight of the fact that 
he is the editor of the Free /'/ess. 
The temptation to conduct a news- 
paper that allured him from the 
practice of law, still holds him under 
its control. His success would indi- 
cate that nature, in her secret divi- 
sion of mental powers, generously 
bestowed on him the qualities which 
find their best expression in an edito- 
rial sanctum. He appears to have 
the happy art by which favor and 
support are obtained, knows how to 
avoid with directness the shining 
Cyclades and steer with steady and 
unerring hand into the Corinthian 

As a writer, Mr. Wells is clear and 
incisive. His style might be called 
critical rather than constructive. In 
the use of language he has much 
originality, and while felicitous in 
the expression of new thoughts, he 
can also give remarkably queer twists 
to old ones. Whatever he under- 
takes to write is never smothered 
with dullness. In literature and cur- 
rent events he is always up to date. 
At short notice he can change the 
Free Press into a free lance, and woe 
to the unhappy wight who accepts 
his challenge. 

By Rfyra B. Lord. 

With the New Year cometh Hope, 
Putting forth her fragrant flowers. 
Pray that blight may spare them long — 
Life hath few of sunny hours. 



By Edward O. Lord. 


XI) so the par- 
ish of Sum- 
mersworth he- 
came the Town 
of Somers- 
worth, April 

22, 1754-" 

Thus does Hon. William D. Kuapp, 
in a historical sketch prepared for 
the first annual report of the city of 
Somersworth. note the promotion of 
the parish which had been set off 
from Dover in 1729 to the dignity 
of a town. 

The man who wrote the town's 
charter is responsible for the change 
in orthography. He made Summers- 
worth Somersworth ; but with either 
spelling the original meaning, * 'a 
summer town," is retained, and a 
glance at its location and boundaries 
will demonstrate the fitness of the 

Let some sight-seer stand sue- y 
cessiyely on one of the Deerfield 
hills, twentv-five miles awav. and 


look ea: 

on the Blue hills in 

Strafford, twelve miles away, and 
look south-east; on the Ossipee 
mountains, forty miles away, and 
look south ; on Boneagh Beagh, 
in York county, Maine, twenty 
miles away, and look south-west, 
and on Mount Agamenticus, 
twelve miles away, and look 
north-west. — from each station 
can be seen the square outlines 
of the Somersworth high school 

house, with its towering belfry and 
gilded spire. For more than forty 
years that building has been a noted 
landmark. It stands on the summit 
of Prospect hill, the centre of a widely 
diverging circle of homes. 

Skirting the base of the hill in a 
winding course, is the Salmon Falls 
river, with its marvellous water-pow- 
er and its scenes of placid and >ome- 
times angry beauty. Along the riv- 
er's western bank are the steel rails 
of the Great Falls 6c Conway and the 
Boston cc Maine railroads, and run- 
ning parallel with the rails are Main 
and Market streets, with their mile 
of business blocks and substantial 
dwellings. West of Main street, and 
uniting with it at its northerly end 
to form Market street, is High street, 
which extends in a southerly direc- 
tion towards Dover, and forms the 
road-bed for the six miles of electric 



The High Sch 3 . 




» - 


Tne Canal alor-j Mam Street 

M;ll in the oa^r^.^.j. 

railway which connects the two cities. 
At the northerly end of Market street 
is the bridge across the river to Ber- 
wick, Me., a pleasant country town 
of 2,ooo inhabitants, in its business 
and social connections an important 
and valued suburb of Somersworth. 

Nature has done her best to make 
this favored spot a summer resort. 
The variety of landscape, the pleas- 
ant drives over the hi 1 Is or along the 
plains at their 
bases, the beau- 
ty of the river 
views, the abun- 
dance of fish 
in the brooks, 
ponds, and river, 
the presence of 
squirrels, part- 
ridges, coons, 
and rabbits in 
the woods and 
pastures round- 
about, — enable 

the most fastidious citizen or summer 
guest to choose an agreeable recrea- 

tion. The magnificent shade-trees — 
elms, maples, oaks, and horse-chest- 
nuts — which line the wide streets, 
the tasteful residences with their 
well kept grounds in all parts of 
the city, attest man's appreciation of 
Nature's efforts. 

It was in the third year of the sev- 
enteenth century that voyagers from 



. > 


- - - 

:...:... ,-:. . , ft Si 


• - 

H:gh Street, loo«>r,^ South fron- Lincoln Sauare. 



... ..,,.. . .... 

View from High School .riouse, iookirg Nonr,. 

... „A 

Bristol, England, entered what is 
now Portsmouth harbor, and made 
expeditions up Pascataqua river. 
They were enraptured by the ''goodly 
grcwes and woods" along its banks. 
Eleven years later, Capt. John Smith. 

D K-.srp 

in his search for mines of gold and 
copper, as well a^ for fish and trade, 
sighted the Isles of Shoals, explored 

the short-s. and entered the Pascat- 
aqua. Returning to England, he 
made a quaint map of the coast. 
from which Prince Charles christened 
the newly discovered territory " New 
England." In 1623. "Mr. David 
Tomson. a Scotchman . . . be- 
gan a plantation ... at a place 
called Pa>eataquaek." later known 
as "Little Harbor." and remained 
there till 1626. On the 17th of 
November, 1629, came the grant to 
the Laeonia company, of which Sir 
Ferdinand Gorges and Capt. John 
Mason were members. The efforts 
of this company to establish a per- 
manent settlement at Little Harbor 
seem to have been successful, for, in 
1631, the bark Warwick brought 
over settlers and supplies. A fort 
was built on the northern point of 
Great Island, and numerous excur- 
sions were made up the river to 
Wecanacohunt (Dover Point), where 
Kdward Hilton and his brother Will- 
ram, who had come over with David 
Tomson in 1623, "had set up their 
stages," and up the Xewichawan- 
nock to Quamphegan (now South 


Berwick, Me.), and the Cochecho to desserts. There were dense forests 
the '* falls." at the central part of the of as fine oaks and pines as ever 
present city of Dover. They found furnished timber for the royal navy, 
the waters teeming with salmon and 

other delicious fish. The virgin soil 




■ 1 



Hon. Albert A. Perkins 

JoseDh A. StiCr 

and the numerous rapids and falls 
above tide-water would furnish ample 
was fertile and easily worked, the water-power for sawing lumber and 
hillsides, with their clustering vines grinding corn or wheat, 
and statelv walnuts, afforded kingly The settlement at Wecanacohnnt, 

I • " . _ 

[ • \ 

■mA . 

-^ * 1 «> r • • 


SSL \ 




View from H:gn Scnool Houie. looking Sojtn. 






: ' 

J i 

View from High School Hojse, looking Nor 

or Hilton's Point, was the centre Dover, Somers worth, Rollinsford, 

from which the settlers of this charm- Durham, Madbury, Lee, Xewington, 

ing region worked. A flourishing and perhaps part of Greenland, 
village soon sprang up at "Coche- 
cho falls," and by 1652 the country 
around the Hilton plantation had 


. y ■ 


Hen. Jan-*; A. Edf 

become generally known as Dover, 
whose boundaries had been >o estab- 
lished that it included what is now 

Hon. Cnanes M. L orr. 

The town of Somersworth, as char- 
ts red in 1754, comprised the territory 
now covered by the town of Rollins- 
ford and the city of Somersworth. 
the people having gradually pushed 
back from " Cochecho falls " towards 


i i 

and around " Humphrey's [now 
Hussey's] pond " on the north, and 

towards " Salmon falls" on the east. 
As early as 1675 a family had 
located, and perhaps built a gam- 
son, two miles north of "Salmon 

tails," 011 the "Indigo Hill road." 
The first settlers at Somersworth 
Point were Irish immigrants, who. in 
fond remembrance of their home in 
the Emerald Isle, called it Sligo — a 
name which clings to it even now. 
Then came the little hamlet at the 
present Rollinsford Junction, and in 
1750. or thereabouts, the first house 
in the village of Great Falls was built 
by Joseph Wentworth. This house 
is still standing on Prospect street, 
just west of the Great Falls National 
Bank building. Its continued good 
repair speaks well for the thorough- 
ness of its builder and the excellence 
of its lumber. Near by Andrew Horn, 
a son-in-law of Joseph Wentworth, 
had a blacksmith shop, the resort of 
the settlers for miles around. 

The oldest house in that part of 
old Somersworth, now known as 
Rollinsford, is the "Wentworth man- 

sir.:! " at Salmon Falls., which was 
built five generations ago by Capt. 
Paul Wentworth. That the first 


A'mon D. ToHes. 

house in Great Falls should also 
have been the property of a Went- 
worth is not so strange as at first 
would appear, for no family was 
more prominent or numerous in the 
early days of the parish than they. 




* b«&&t 

Vie-v from H'gh Scrocl,. i00'in;j Soutr-es.,*. 


Paul Wentworth was a member of 

the first board of selectmen of the 
parish, and the moderator of the 
first parish meeting. William Went- 
worth, Gershom Wentworth. Richard 
Wentworth, are names frequently 
found in the earlv records. Col. 

where- like the late Hon. John Went- 
worth, LI,. I)., of Chicago, — but many 
representatives of the old family name 
are still numbered among the citizens 
of Rollinsford and Somersworth. 

'Idle " northeast end of the Town 
of Dover" was made the Parish of 
Summersworth by act of the general 
assembly December iu, 172^. One 
of the provisions of the charter was 
that "the Inhabitants of the said 
Parish do within the space of one 
year from the date of this Act. errect 
6c finish a Suitable House for the 
Publick Woship of God. and pro- 
cure and Settle a learned Orthodox 
Minister of Good Conversation and 
make provision for his Comfortable 
and honourable support." 

James J. Woodward. 

John Wentworth. a relative of the 
last royal governor, John Wentworth, 
was speaker of the Provincial house 
in 177 r, and president of several Pro- 
vincial conventions. His son, John 
Wentworth, of Dover, the only law- 
yer of Strafford county in Revolu- 
tionary days except John Sullivan, 
a delegate to the Continental con- 
gress in 177S, and a signer of the 
Articles of Confederation, was a na- 
tive of Somersworth. So, also, was 
Capt. Jonathan Wentworth, "old 
Colonel Jonathan," who was in the 
Second of the three regiments raised 
by the convention of the " Friends 
of Libert)." Direct descendants of 
these stal waits have gone out from 
their native state to win honors else- 

Col. Oav.d R. Pierce. 

The parish records show that the 
required meeting-house was used for 
a parish meeting only nineteen d lys 
latei than the date of the charier — 
an evidence of commendable prompt- 
ness on the part of the aspiring in- 
habitants ! 



History does n >t chronicle how 
many candidates there were for the 
position of " Orthodox Minister," 
but, ten days after the first parish 
meeting was held. " Mr. James Pike 
did viva voce in the Parish meeting 
accept of the call from this Parish. 
. his Comfortable and hon- 
ourable Support" consisting of an 
annual salary of ^130, together with 
twentv acres of land, "to be his for 

from Harvard in 1725. a class-mate 
of Rev. Timothy Walker, of Concord. 
Long and wise was his dispensation, 
and the Pike homestead in Rollins- 
ford is to-day in the possession of 
direct descendants of the worthy 
minister, one of whom, Hon. Robert 
G. Pike, is the sitting judge of pro- 
bate for Strafford county. 

Almost every one of the early par- 
ish documents is in the parson's 


- ■ . •- . 

v-> *fe ,■■.■■■;■■ 


Great Falls Manufacturing Company's No. 3 Mm!. 

ever if he continued the Parish min- 
ister till his death, and one hundred 
pounds for his settlement." The 
prudent parson also stipulated for his 
yearly supply of firewood ' ' to be 
Hailed to his door," ten cords for the 
first two years, but after he should 
attain to the dignity of an ordained 
minister twenty cords were to be pro- 

Rev. James Pike was graduated 

handwriting. He was loved and 
respected by his parishioners, and 
was sought as a legal as well as a 
spiritual adviser. He was bold in 
action as he was sound in counsel. 
One day when he and a brother 
minister were out walking, they 
came upon two men who were fight- 
ing. The representatives of the cloth 
agreed that each should take one of 
the combatants and bear him away. 








Great Fa'is Manufacturing Company's No. I Mill. 

Reverend James grappled his man 

and carried him off. while his friend 
did the same with the other, and the 
dispute was settled. 

The practical turn of mind dis- 
played by the parson was inherited 
by his descendants, his oldest son, 
Nicholas Pike, a graduate of Har- 
vard in the class of 1766, being the 
author of that wonderful work known 
as " Pike's Arithmetic," which for 
many years was used extensively as 
a text-book in the schools and col- 
leges, and highly pri/ed not only 
in scholastic but also in business 


A grandson, besides beim 

a successful teacher, was the author 
of two spelling-books and a reader, 
all of which were well received by 
an impartial public, and were useful 
in their day. 

Their spiritual welfare thus being 
provided for, the parish fathers set 
about finding a schoolmaster, and in 
1734 the record< show that one Her- 
culus Mooney was wielding the birch 

at the rate of ^3, 15/ per month. 
Mr. John Sullivan was the school- 
master in 1737, and received £60 a 
year for his services, together with 
30/ for sweeping and taking care of 
the meeting-house. This John Sul- 
livan was the father of Maj. Gen. 
John Sullivan, of Durham, and the 
grandfather of Atty. Gen. John Sul- 
livan, and was quite an important 
personage if he did sweep the meet- 
ing-house. A native of Limerick, 
Ireland, he landed at York, Me., in 
1723, and some years later taught 
school in Berwick, where he resided 
for more than sixty years, dying in 
May, 1796, at the ripe old age of 104 

During the earlier Indian war- 
Somersworth suffered comparatively 
little, but the names of George and 
Martin Ricker, Cxershom Downs, and 
Jabez Garland have been handed 
down as those who fell victims to the 
prowling savages. Ebenezer Downs. 
a Quaker who refused to arm himself 



or seek protection from the Indians. 
was captured and taken to Canada. 
He was afterwards ransomed by Mr. 
John Hanson, of Inner. 

That the parish prospered is evi- 
denced by the facts that in 1754 
it was made a town and that in 
1772 it possessed a meeting-house, a 
school-house, a graveyard, a training 
field, and a pound, all located near 
what was then the centre of the town 
but is now Rollinsford Junction. 
Here, too, was the Rollins home- 
stead, then owned by Ichabod Rol- 
lins, who was the first delegate, in 
1775. to represent the town in the 
Provincial congress, then held at 
Exeter, and bore a prominent part 
in the troublous times which fol- 
lowed. This Ichabod was the great- 
grandson of James Rollins, or Raw- 
lins, who came to America in 1632. 
and some ten years later settled in 
Dover, and the grandson of the Icha- 
bod Rollins who was killed by the 
Indians in 1707. He was the Squire 
Rollins at whose house the town 
voted to store provisions to be used 
in any emergency "in this critical 
conjunction of our Publick affairs," 
and it was in recognition of his dis- 
tinguished services that that part of 
Somersworth which afterwards was 
incorporated as the town of Rollins- 

ford received its name. From him 
descended Hon. Daniel G. Rollins. 
who was judge of probate for the 
county of Strafford in the '50s and 

'60s: Hon. Edward Ash to 11 Rol- 
lins, speaker of the house of repre- 
sentatives in '61 and '62 ; another 

Hon. Daniel G. Rollins, district 
attorney and surrogate for the city 
and county of New York, and Hon. 
Edward H. Rollins, congressman 
and United States senator, and for 
twenty-five years a power in the 
politics of the state. 

In the long and arduous struggle 
for independence Somersworth fur- 
nished her full proportion of men 
and means, and though the record 
of their names has been destroyed it 
is certain that there were more than 
fifty who served through the Revolu- 
tion, not including the "six-weeks 

From this time down to 1S20 there 
was little of public interest to record. 
— the story is one of uneventful ordi- 
nary growth ; but that year marks 
the beginning of a new epoch in 
the business enterprises of the town. 
There were no dams across the river 
until then, the saw- and grist-mills 
being run by water taken from the 
river through sluiceways to lower 
levels ; but the turbulent waters were 


\W ! ; ". ! '-'{ 

Great Fall* B i 



soon to come under the control of a 
master- hand and furnish power for 
whirling spindles and flying shuttles. 

Jesse R. Home. 

Isaac Wendell, who had been 
instrumental in the organization of 
a company for the manufacture of 
cotton cloth at the Cochecho falls at 
an earlier period, now turned his 
attention to the Great falls, and 
quickly recognizing- their value for 
manufacturing purposes, he at once 
entered into negotiations with Ger- 
shom Horn, who had been settled 
by his father. Andrew Horn, on the 
farm that lav along beside the falls, 

and now owned the mill privileges. 

This is the same Andrew Horn, who 
had the blacksmith-shop on the pres- 
ent site of the Great Falls National 
Bank building, and from whom the 
families of that name in the vicinity 
are proud to trace their descent. 11 e 
without doubt married a daughter 
of Joseph Wentworth, by whom he 
had three sons, Andrew. Jr., Ger- 
shom, and Jacob, whom he settled 
on three large farms near the river. 
Andrew, Jr., seems to have been a 
blacksmith as well as farmer, and 
Gershom was certainly a miller, but 
Jacob who lived on the hill was a 
Simon-pure fanner. 

Mr. Wendell purchased of Ger- 
shom Horn, for five thousand dollars, 
all the water-power, the old grist- 
mill, farm-house, and as much land 
as he thought would be needed for 
his purpose ; at once commencing 
operations by erecting a blacksmith- 
shop, where were made tools for the 
further prosecution of the enterprise. 

The first factory, known as Xo. i. 
was of wood. 150x100 feet, and five 
stories high, and after this had been 
put in operation Xo. 2 was built, of 
brick and six stories high. This 
much accomplished, Mr. Wendell 
set about organizing a company to 
develop the plant; and. on June 11. 
1S23, the Great Palls Manufacturing 

Gershonr, Horn's Mill. 


Company was incorporated 
with a chartered capital of 
5500,000. which was in- 
creased to $1,500,000 in 
1S27, and Mr. Wendell was 
made resident agent of the 

Mr. Wendell was a Quak- 
er, and wore the broad- 
brimmed hat and skirted 
coat of that society, a di*ss 

which, with his si 

- - . u — ! 



shoulders, gave him the ap- 
pearance of a much older 
man than he really was, and led to 
his familiar designation as "the old 
man" among the help ; but although 
a Quaker, he was a thoroughgoing 
business man, and it was a favorite 
practice of his to visit the watchmen 
in the mills at all hours of the night, 
and they soon learned that no delin- 
quency of theirs could long escape 
his watchful eyes. He would not 
allow intoxicating liquor on the 
premises, and many were the devices 
adopted by the men for its conceal- 
ment, a favorite hiding-place being 

Tne Original No. I Facto'y. 

conducted the water from the upper 
to the lower level. 

Maine was not the prohibition state 
then that it is now, and Friend Wen- 
dell had jurisdiction only on his own 
prei.vrises, so the men could get plenty 
of liquor on the Maine side of the 
river, though they were obliged to be 
ver\- cautious how the}* displayed it 
on rJhe Great Palls side. It was cus- 
tomary to send their boots to the 
shoemaker across the river when in 
need of repairs, and by and by "the 
old man" began to notice how fre- 
the niches left by the workmen when querjitly the messenger boy was need- 

thev laid the walls of the canal which ed 

4 ■' 



Market Street, looking North from Market Square. 

this purpose. Finally he 
"tumbled." One day as 
the boy was returning from 
his errand with a pair of 
boots dangling from his 
shoulder, he spied Friend 
Wendell lying in wait for 
him at the other end of the 
bridge. The boy waited 
for no further developments, 
but, hastily flinging the 
boots into the river, took 
to his heels. There was an 
unexpected depression in 
trade circles for a while. 

The corporation flour- 
ished under Mr. Wendell's 



controlled the fire department, built a 
brick hotel and bridges and stores, 
and in many ways evidenced their 


\ . 

Cyrus Freeman. 

administration, more mills were built, 
and the village began to feel itself a 
place of importance, for the corpora- 
tion not only built mills, but graded 

Cnarles P. Andrews. 

Among the more notable of the 
were the Bur- 
ton — whose com- 

corporation agents 
leigdis — father and 

y «-v 


Richard W. Staple. gh. 

the streets and set out the beautiful 
shade-trees which gave Elm street its 

significant name ; they owned and 

John C Lothrop. 


bined terms of service covered thirty- the gas works, — the first in the state: 
six years. Both were lawyers by the reservoir on Prospect hill, — con- 
profession; the father, John A. Bur- structed while the mills were closed 
leigh, resigned a successful practice during the war, at a cost of $100,000; 
in the neigh- the flouring- 
boring town mill on the 
of South P>er- Berwick sick- 
wick. Me., to -- of the river; 
assume the !^\ the dam at 

• . N 

agency in V •>. the lower lex 

X 1 e 

[S38; and the a _ , j***- ■ • c. 1 el, and the 

son, George J M -new dam," 

William Bur- j - .' ' i now utilized 

leigh, an hon- , ?. j by the Great 

or graduate ri . . • ."4 Falls Woolen 

from old Dart- . . • .. , { Company and 

m o u t h in .:*Ms^3aaua»r.y-i.3Bs».--y' — — — imI— — mi the e 1 e c t r 1 c 

[85I, who Residence of John W. Sates, light plant. 

gave up his These and 

chosen work to relieve his father's many other substantial improvements 
failing health, in r86i, to resume it were planned and carried through by 
after thirteen years of faithful service, the indefatigable zeal of men who 

were not content with ordinary ser- 
vice, but gave of their best freely, 

Those were palmy days. The oper- 

Edward Hargraves. 

was regarded as one of the most able 
and brilliant lawyers of the state. 

It was during the Burleigh admin- 
istration that the bleachery was built ; 

Ebenezer A. Tibbets. 



atives were mostly young 

men and women from the 
eountry villages, who were 
glad of a chance to earn a 
little extra money. The 
agent was the "great man" 
of the place, yet took a 
kindly interest in all his 
people, while his wile was 
the friend and helper of 
all who were distressed or 
troubled. Their house— by 
far the largest and finest in 
the town — and its beautiful 
grounds were pointed out to 
visitors with pride, and on 
Sunday morning, when the 
agent and his family on their way 
to church walked up the long, elm- 
shaded street, with its row of corpora- 
tion boarding-houses on either side. 
they were the admiration of all be- 

But the customs have necessarily 
changed with the population, and if 


\\\\ MH'/y 




1 r.e Oaodle' Building. 


Soldiers' Memorial Building. 

the corporation of to-day is lacking in 
"soul" it is more the fault of the 
times than the men. Under the 
management of the present efficient 
agent, Charles H. Plummer, the com- 
pany now has in operation in its 
three large mills about 120.000 spin- 
dles and 3.000 looms, and are putting 
on the market a line of sheetings, 
shirtings, and fancy goods that com- 
mand a ready sale at good prices. 
Another important factor in the 
development of the town was the 
Somersworth Machine Company, 
which commenced business in 1S51, 
with John A. Burleigh, president. 
Mica jah C. Burleigh, agent, and Oli- 
ver H. Lord, treasurer. Works were 
established at Somersworth and Sal- 
mon Falls, and the company did a 
large and flourishing business, one of 
the most noted, if not the most im- 
portant, of their early productions 
being the famous " White Mountain " 
wood stove, which in its prime was 
the leading stove all through Maine 
and New Hampshire. They were 
veritable .Ktnas so far as the con- 
sumption of fuel was concerned, — a 


2 ! 

small matter when one has a wood- ture of pulleys, hangers, shafting, 

lot beside the door — but they could and brass castings, — a class of work 

and did produce a most delectable in which the company early estab- 

brown on the Johnny-cakes and lished an enviable reputation. In 
pumpkin pies that the thrifty house- 
wives trustingly consigned to their 
cavernous depths. 




AKr*d Carter. 

Capt. Henry H. Wentworth. 

The stove business in all its 
branches is now carried on at the 
Salmon Falls plant, that at Somers- 
worth being devoted to the manufac- 


1SS5— "86 another plant — one of the 
finest in New England — was estab- 
lished at Dover, and the head office 
of the company removed there. 

The manufacture of various kinds 

of woolen goods has been carried on 

by the Great Falls Woolen Company 

at the New Dana, a thriv- 

VrpJ^z* ing little settlement on the 


Resider.ce of C-.arles H. PI. 

*_- .- S 

third level, since 1S63. 
Mr. Wendell tried to pur- 
chase the land at the time 
he acquired the Horn farm. 
which it adjoined, but the 
old man who owned it 
refused to sell, on the 
ground that he had lived 
there all his life, and if 
he lived he meant to die 
there — a paradox which he 
overcame in his own way 
and time. 


equipped station in 
New England, to- 
gether with auxil- 
iary plants at Dover 
and Rochester, the 
combined capacity 
of the stations being 
500 arc lights, 3,000 
incandescen t lights . 
and 400 horse-power 
for manufacturing 
purposes. Light 
and power are fur- 
lushed Somerswortli. 

Proopect Street, looking West f'om Marker Street. 

Dover, Rochester, 

To speak of the Great Falls Woolen East Rochester, Gonic, and Salmon 

Company brings to mind the Buffums Falls, in New Hampshire, and the 

— Hon. David H., president of the three lkrwicks in Maine, — these 

New Hampshire senate in 1S7S, and 
his eldest son, Edgar S., now a resi- 
dent of Lynn, Mass., — who were for 
so long identified with its interests. 
The plant was sold to Thomas L. 
Robinson in [S87, and he reorgan- 
ized the company and ran the mill 
in connection with others under his 
control. His son, Charles A. Robin- 
son, is the present president and 
treasurer of the company, and the 
mill i> devoted to the production of 
the finer lines of woolens. 

On the opposite 
side of the river 

from the mill at the 

New Dam is the 

power station «>i 

the Consolidated 

Light and Power 

Company, a busi- 
ness enterprise 

which represents 

an expenditure ol 

SSoo.ckx) in its de- 
velopment, and 

which has the 

largest and best 

towns representing the centres of 
population within a seven-mile radi- 
us. In addition the company has 
operated a well built electric road 
between Somerswortli and Dover, 
affording to the residents of both 
cities a cheap and easy means of 
transportation, and in the summer 
season a delightful outing in the way 
of a trip to Burgett park, a tract of 
land on the shore of Hussey's pond 
In the south-western corner of Som- 
erswortli, where the natural beautv 



;f r 


... . ... 

>-« Daniel G. Rjll.r.s Homestead. 



| I have always been 

managed bv men 

.• whose judgment 

, was ripe and who 

j^ ± . ■ ■ were interested in 

the moral, soeial. 

• ■ and commercial 

,'....' prosperity of the 

r-n town. The Great 

Falls National 

■ - 


William E. Beck-'l and Ed^in R. Barttett. 

of the place — fields and groves bor- 
dering as pretty a sheet of water as 
one could wish to see — has been 
greatly improved by a lavish but 
well directed expenditure of money, 
resulting in a most attractive resort 
for picnic and excursion parties, and 
offering to the weary toilers of the 
cities a breathing-place "close to 
Nature's heart.' ' 

For the past ten years the shoe 
business has been an important ele- 
ment in the city's development. 
There are two manufactories, — built 
at a cost of over 
fifty thousand dol- 
lars by the Som- 
ersworth Building 
Company and the 
Somersworth Im- 
provement Asso- 
ciation — giving 
employment to sev- 
eral hundred peo- 

The three bank- 
ing institutions of 
the city are long- 
established, con- 
servative, and 
prosperous. They 

; bank was char- 
tered as a state 
! bank in 1845, and 
a banking- house- 
was erected on 
the site of the old blacksmith shop 
built by Andrew Horn nearly a cen- 
tury before. The building was occu- 
pied jointly by the Great F'alls Na- 
tional bank and the Somersworth 
Savings bank, the latter having tak- 
en out a charter in 1846. The pres- 
ent elegant building was remodelled 
from the original structure in 1874. 

In 1876 the Somersworth Savings 
bank built the fine business block 
which stands at the southerlv end of 

Lincoln square, 

and which affords 
for its own business 

m Sltf Py ■ :^>'- 

' " ■ - v \ / 




■'111. i 



Residence c x William E. P. tree 




to the White mountains, the mer- 
chants had a winter trade extending 
hack through Carroll county and the 
Crawford notch to northern New 
Hampshire and Vermont. When the 
rails of the Portsmouth, Great Falls 
.Sl Conway railroad had been laid to 
Union Village in Wakefield a part of 
the countrv trade was handled bv 

Gco'i'c- E Hanson. 

and that of the Somersworth National 
bank — chartered as a state bank in 
1S55 — besides several stores, offices. 
and secret society halls. 

The policy of these banks has al- 
ways been to favor home enter- 
prises, and no project, which so 
far appeals to a good business judg- 
ment that it can command sufficient 
sureties or collateral, is allowed to 
languish for lack of capital. 

In its early history vSomer-worth 
was the natural outlet for the prod- 
uce of a large territory. Located on 
the main highway from Portsmouth 


* ■ 

\ 1 

■,;... . . 


expressmen, who made daily, tri- 
weekly, or semi-weekly trips to Som- 
ersworth in the interests of their pa- 
trons : but when the Portland & Wor- 
cester lines bisected the Conwav road 

. ..' ' 



'1 ' \ ' A 


ri ilBBDB Jjj 

Res.cter.ce of Thomai F. Mariton. 



i- * 



Residences of Joseph A. 5*ickney and Jesse R. Home. 

at Rochester, and the latter line had Worcester; via the Eastern and West- 
been extended to North Conway, era divisions to Boston; via the Rol- 
the busy village on Norway Plains linsford branch with trains over the 
which has since become a city, Grand Trunk. Maine Central, and 
r New Brunswick roads ; while the 

Northern division opens up the 
• unsurpassed scenic attractions of the 
White mountains and the far-away 
cities of Montreal and Quebec. 

Such is the favored situation of 
Somersworth under the present ar- 
rangements of the Boston & Maine 
railroad, and that, too, with a reason- 
able system of fares and freights. 
The passenger station is one of the 

. * 

■ i - 


<* : *Sfe.- 

Frank C Bates. 

caught a large share of the country 

Vet Somersworth has no reason to 
complain of a lack of railroad facili- 
ties. To-day she has a perfect net- 
work of connect ions with the great 
centres of trade in New England. 
There are through trains via the 
Worcester, Nashua 6c Portsmouth 
division of the Boston & Maine rail- 
road, to Nashua. Aver Junction, and 

Tnomas P. Dutf.l. 




Orange and Washington streets, per- 
petuates the name of a man who held 
many places of honor and trust in 
the town and was identified with all 
its leading interests, Captain Isaac 
Chandler. Coming to Great Falls in 


John A. Hayes, M. D. 

finest buildings in the city. Erected 
in i886-'87 at a cost of $40,000, it 

has all the modern conveniences so 
essential to the comfort of the travel- 
ling public; while the citizens, recall- 
ing the cavernous depths and pitchy 
darkness which led to the dubbing 
of its predecessor as the "under- 
ground terminus," regard the pres- 
ent elegant and convenient structure 
with feelings of mingled thankfulness 
and pride. 

Chandler block, on the corner of 

Frank P. Reeve. 

1S30, his first year's work was at 
wages of twenty-two cents per day, 
yet by persistent and rigid economy 
his savings amounted, at the end of 
the year, to forty-nine dollars and 
seventy-six cents. The young man 



t . 


. ■ - ■ ■ 

■ 3* b ' 




A Vie* on Saimc-: Falls River 




found in 
When liis 

of aid but 
him a friend, 
new block was 

in iS88, Mr. 
grave to the 


Residence of Almon D. Tol.'es. 

who could accomplish such a result 
as tins was sure to succeed, and the 
good judgment displayed in the 

"Manufacturers' and Vil- 
lage Library,*' of which 

he was one of the orig- 
inal incorporators, a lease 
of the second story, to be 
used as library rooms, 
for ninety- nine years. 
The rooms of the pres- 
ent city government are 
also in this centrally located block. 
That Somersworth was ably repre- 
sented in the Civil War, the beauti- 




The James T. Furcer Ha'vestead. 

investment of his first savings laid 
the foundation of his subsequently 
large fortune. Mr. Chan- 
dler served as school com- 
mittee for a period of thirty 
years, and the short, spare 
figure, always habited in a 
dark green coat, became a 
familiar and welcome sight 
in the public schools, for no 
man ever interpreted the 
duties of the office more 
liberally than did he, and 
there was no boy or girl 

ful Memorial building at the corner 
of Hisrh and Highland streets bears 




1 ^KL^^Stfr**- ■**>*' 


Tr.e Great Falls. 

witness. This was erected ill 1S90 
by Littlefield post, and serves as 
its head-quarters. This post is an 
organization of which the citizens 
are justly proud, and it is ably sup- 
plemented in its work by a devoted 
Woman's Relief corps and a large 
camp of the Sons of Veterans. 

Speaking of the Memorial building- 
brings to mind that hallowed spot. 
the last- resting-place of the beloved 
dead — Forest Glade cemetery. Here 
many of the 
". . rude forefathers of the hamlet sleep.'" 



1 i . 

W- 3 — 

si n \ 


Entrance !o Forej! Glade C~"e'.ery 

and the chancejvisitor, as he walks 
through the carefully kept grounds, 
can read from stately monument and 
humble tombstone much of the his- 
tory of the town — the story of ear- 
nest, persistent endeavor. 

The old town hall is still stand- 
ing — a relic of the dim and dusty 
past. Why it has so long been 
allowed to cumber the ground, is a 
riddle that the historian must leave 
unread, in the hope that the new 
regime will "change a' that" in 
due season. 
: -•-.■; Somersworth had its news- 
paper as far back as the 
'^ early '30s, and while the 
light of journalistic enter- 
prise has burned but dimly 
at times, the Somersworth 
Free Press, which had its 
inception as the (neat Falls 
Journal iu [867, and is now- 
edited and published by 
Mayor Wells, holds a recog- 
nized place among the lead- 
ing papers of the state. 

In its religious and educa- 











James E. Hobson. 
William E. Pierce. 

Edwio W. Folso- 

Fred L. Shap!eigh. 
Jonn N. Haines. 

r ' 




8 82 5 IS?? 


\'e. Sr.oe Factory. 

tional advantages the town has proved — the Free Baptist society 

always stood in the forefront. The building in 1842 the substantial 

early histoiy of the Orthodox church brick edifice it now occupies. The 

has already been given, and coining: foreign population is represented by 

down to more modern times, t he- 
records show the organization of 
four societies, and the erection of 
houses of worship by them, prior to 
1833. These were the Congrega- 
tional, Baptist, Methodist, and Free 
Baptist. The first three named stilt 
occupy the original churches, — of 
course greatly modernized and im- 





■ . 

Residence of Thomaa P. D-_.*f. 

two fine churches — the Irish Catholic, 
which dates back to 1857, and the 
French Catholic, completed in 1888 
at a cost of S50.000. 

The town of Rollinsford was set 
off from Somersworth in 1849. This 
change was brought about by the 
strong feeling which existed between 
the influential farmers around Som- 
ersworth meeting-house 
(Rollinsford Junction) 
and the enterprising vil- 
lagers of Great Falls. 
In 1823 only three es- 
tates in the whole town 
were inventoried at more 
than $2,000, — Joseph 
Doe, father of Chief- 
Justice Charles Doe. paid 
taxes on 53.583: An- 
drew Rollins on 52,500, 
and William \V. Rollins 
on $2,295. Each of 
these estates was in what 


is now Rollinsford, and it is little 

wonder that as the years went by the 
people there watched with jealous 
eye the rapid growth in prosperity 
and influence of the manufacturing 
village north of them, and that 
finally, as their own influence in mu- 
nicipal affairs became less, they per- 
sistently sought and finally obtained 
a division of the town. 

Somersworth entered upon its ex- 
istence as a city in 1893, with.Frank- 
lin X. Chase as her mayor. 

Two houses and a grist-mill were 
but a small beginning, but out of 
them has come, by degrees, a city 
of varied business and social inter- 
ests, many beautiful homes, schools 
of a high grade, and vigorous 
churches ; and she owes all these 
to the energy and high character of 
her leading men from first to last. 
Many of the stalwarts have passed 
away, but Somersworth of to-day has 
as fine a corps of business men as can 
be found in any city of the state. 

Did the limited space allotted to 
this sketcli permit, I would be glad, 
in closing, to enumerate some of the 


; - 






;«.:-_ * ■-....... 

Below the Old Powder House. 

successes achieved by each one of 
the- men whose faces may be seen on 
these pages, to pay a deserved tribute 
to the wide general knowledge and 
culture of Hon. William D. Knapp, 
to the generous interest which Joseph 
A. Stickney has always manifested 
in the "boys" who have gone out 
from the place of their nativity and 


1 . —.- 

I 3 J A ft « f » ! 

■ ..■- iM 

B- - • ■- & # -~* t 



I - - . 

In Front of Central Buiid.rgs, on Fojrtn of July Morning, 


to his activity and patience in mak- Pierce, to the energy and enterprise 

ing collections of old and rare books, of Almon I). Tolles — something more 

to the steadfastness of Ebenezer A. than ordinarily pleasant might be said 

Tibbets, who has a record of carrying truly of all whose portraits appear 

on a successful business in one store here, and of many others in the good 

for fifty-two years, to the courtesy old town and thriving young city. 

and business tact of Alfred Carter, to But in the presence of the photo 

the brilliant reputation which Hon. graphs words are unnecessary — the 

James A. Edgerly has gained as a faces speak for their owners and 

counsellor-at-law and advocate, to the many whom they represent. So 

the genial temperament and mag- Jar as the city's future lies in their 

netic presence of Col. David R. hands it is secure. 

[The publishers of Tin: GRANITE MONTHLY wish to acknowledge their indebtedness to Mr. 
Burton later, of Somersworth, for negatives and photographs from his studio ; also to Mr. William 
F. Lord, the well known historian of Berwick, Maine, through whose courtesy pictures of the origi- 
nal No. I factory and Gershom Horn's mill were procured.] 


By 11 '. S. Harris. 

The dreadful Ice-king thundering forth 
From his home in the distant, glittering North ; 

Destruction and death 

Are in his breath T 
And his ponderous tread shakes the frightened earth. 

Resistless he comes, spreading ruin and rack: 
He heaps desolation along his whole track. 

O'er mountain and bill 

He sweeps at his will. 
And the trail of his garments he leaves at his back. 

His glittering morsels abroad are hurled. 
And cast as a shroud o'er all the world: 

The forests are bare, 

And through the air 
Their tattered robes are madly whirled. 

But there comes an end to the monster's days, 
The gentle Sun-queen sends forth her warm rays : 

He is forced to retreat. 

And shrinks in defeat. 
While rivers of sorrow gush forth from his eyes. 

The earth laughs in glee from the hills to the shore : 
A carpet of green spreads the wide landscape o'er: 

Each mountain and plain 

Is a garden again. 
And the reign of the Ice-kins: 's remembered no more 

, ■•■" 

By fedward A. Jeuks. 

A breezy upland — where the winds of all the sweet Septembers 
Had stayed their vein et-sandalled feet tor rest, 

To watch the sunset-fires grow brighter from the latent embers 
Their wings had fanned and fashioned in the west 

To molten towers and turrets : — surely every one remembers 
The sunset city that: he loved the best, 
And hopes sometime to be its humble guest. 

A lone old man — a sad arid trembling pilgrim, bent and hoary- 

A worn-out relic of trhe vanished years — 
The last of a long line of sturdy yeomen, whose quaint story 

Would weight the Essttening eyes with listening tears — 
Toiled slowly up the beaten pathway, till the sunset glory 

Broke full upon his rasion ; — and his fears 

Gave place to music strange to mortal ears. 

He looked beyond the vallev and t! 

-heard the singim 

Loved voices silenced long ago> were there. 
He saw the silver bells of heaven swinging — heard them ringing 
Their music melted on the vibrant air- 
He saw the blessed angels beck ning to him — saw them bringing 
The golden wire, and weaving it with care: — 
At last the bridge was finished — staunch and: fair. 

And while the soft sweet wind was o*er the sleepy upland blowing 

The dear Lord sent angelic hands to guide 
The timid, footsore pilgrim to the home where he was going. 

Dry shod, across the cold, dark, silent tide. 
To-day I see the ghostly, waters, bridgeless, ever flowing 

between us and the near-far other side — 

I nlike the evening when the old man died. 


By H. C. Pearson. 

* > CtJ^'tf u~y'HROl 'Gil the moist air 
p:J^l- , | !• snow-flakes reluctantly fell 

•'^fy-v-'"''* V r > to the broad, black ex- 
Y/A\* s 'wb* panse of the avenue. To 
keep out their damp intru- 
sion cab drivers pulled closer their 
coat collars, and their wearied beasts 
shivered in their blankets. Wash- 
ington, with its balmy winter, beau- 
tiful spring, and boiling summer, 
is rarely whitened from heaven, 
much as it needs it. So when the 
chill baptism does come the whole 
city curls up its toes and blows on 
its fingers and sneezes and shivers 
and coughs. 

Harry Arnold, fresh from Canadian 
did none of these things, 


zero air, 

but he did button his 
long ulster tightly 
about him and swear 
a little under his. 
breath when a snow- 
flake melted on his 
nose. Not long since, 
on web-like snow- 
shoes, he had been 
s k i m m i n g ten-foot 
drifts almost in sight 
of the Pacific. Lusty 
days those were, and 
"great stories'' he 
wrote of his life with 
the government 
agents in pursuit of 
Coolie smugglers. 
The Gotham Gazette^ in fact, had 
never printed better, and all hands 
knew it from old Palmer down. ]Jut 
there came a crisis at Washington ; 

the progress of legislation was 
blocked ; a parts' bolt was threat- 
ened ; and as quick as the wires 
could carry the message Arnold was 
ordered to recross the continent. 

For the first few days after his 
arrival he had fairly revelled in the 
pleasure of the change. The leaders 
on both sides, knowing him and the 
honor of his word, had talked with 
him freely and fully, and in conse- 
quence his Washington specials had 
been quoted all over the country. 
Then the soft blue of the skies, the 
balmy air. and the gaily crowded 
streets had exhilarated him like 
wine by their vivid contrast. He 
liked to see the children and their 
nursemaids in the still, green parks; 
to sit through a stately dinner, with 
a beautiful and witty woman by his 
side ; to renew college daws, amid 



\ .-^ -<'d j7 



clouds of smoke, at the University 
club; and, above all, to look down 
from the press galleries upon the 
heedless confusion of the house or 
the studied solemnity of the senate. 
It was too good to last, he felt. 



and, sure enough, with Christmas 
eve came a decided change. To 
begin with, an insidious, foggy cold 
crept up from the Potomac, which 
crystallized, as the night waned, into 

disagreeable rain -snow. 

the weather was as bad. Two men 

held an important committee secret 
locked in their breasts, neither of 
whom he knew personally, and both 
of whom had apparently disappeared 
from the laud of the living. 

Finally he had found one in his 
home over back of Capitol hill, and 
dragged him unwillingly from his 
bed to gruffly withstand the extor- 
tion of a modern interview conducted 
by a past-master of the art. Long 
and wearisome search revealed the 
other missing one in an upper cham- 
ber at Chamberlin's, investigating 
the mysteries 
"^^ of bob-tailed 

flushes and 
pat hands. 
Three min- 
utes stolen 
from the 
game ; two 
and two la- 
patched to- 
gether to make four ; and the Gazette 
next morning published a special, 
which, if not entirely correct, was 
at least more nearly so than those 
of its contemporaries. 

But " Harry, as he was free to 
admit, was tired and cross ; and 
even a Turkish bath, a dozen hours 
of sleep, and a faultless lunch had 
failed to restore his serenity. 

So he stood in front of Willard's — 
he could r.ot endure the bricky new- 
ness of the great up-town hotels — 
and wondered what to do with him- 

self. With a pair of substantial 
cocktails warming the cockles of his 
heart, he did not feel any great 
yearning towards the hotel bar and 
billiard-room. Up in the Gazette's 
"Washington bureau*' Coolidge, he 
well knew, was skilfully adding fresh 
trimmings to a Christmas story that 
had done duty to?- at least a dozen 
years past. The men whom he liked 
at the club were probably ail guests 
at one or another family fireside. 
The matinees were almost over. 

A happy thought struck him. 

i V ■ 

Miss Thorne — that bright girl he 
had met at the postmaster general's, 
and again at Senator Wyck's — had 
asked him to call this very day. He 
remembered because he was grateful 
for her thoughtfulness, and pleased, 
down in his heart, at her flattering 
notice of him. An hour with her, 
he decided, would smooth the ruffles 
out of his temper and give him an 
excellent appetite for even a solitary 

Five minutes' walk had brought 
back the color to his cheeks and the 
sparkle to his eyes when the solemn 
darkey closed behind him the door of 
the stately K street residence. All 

X 6S3 J76 



in white, Delia Thome met him. 
with the rich red of her hair, warm 
in its glints and glows, shining like 
an aureole about her head. 

A few words of greeting and she 
said, — " I hoped you would come 
this afternoon, Mr. Arnold, for I am 
all alone. Aunt Helen has dragged 
father off to see Mansfield in ' Prince 
Karl.' I believe if she could get a 
courier like him she would start for 
Europe to-morrow." 

"And are you not, too, an admirer 
of the erratic Richard?" asked Ar- 

"Oh, yes. I suppose I weep at 
Brummel and shudder at Chevrial 
like all women, but I don't like 
to spend Christmas day that way. 
With so much mock emotion in the 
world it seems to me on days like 
these we ought to honestly search 
for truth for once, and try to find out.. 
if all the world is a stage, how well 

r ] fey* 

we are playing our individual parts. 
I suppose you will think me most 
conceitedly priggish. Mr. Arnold, 
but 1 have spent the whole of two 
hours in thinking of myself and my 
Christmases in the past." 

" Undoubtedly a most pleasant and 
profitable diver-ion. Miss Thorne. If 
I had as few and as happy years to 

look back over I should like to steal 
the idea myself." 

"Ah! but you must," said the girl 
eagerly. " For I had quite decided 
that if you should possibly remember 
me this afternoon I would not let you 
go until you had told me something 
interesting about yourself — the most 
precious Christmas gift you ever 
received, for instance." 

Arnold caught the dash and verve 
of her merry inspiration if he did not 
notice the tone of seriousness behind 
it all. 

"Agreed," said he, "on condition 
that you follow suit." 

The brown eyes were veiled for an 
instant, and the fair cheeks tinged 
with rose like the flash of a red-bird's 

" Very well," she answered quietly 
as she leaned back in her chair. 
Then, with her former gaiety, " Now 
go on. please, and imagine you are 
writing a first page leader for the 
Gazette y 

" My Christinas gifts have not been 
numerous," Arnold began musingly, 
"and only a very few of them I 
should now call precious. All. in fact, 
I think are at this moment in a little 
locked drawer over in Xew York. 

"There is a Testament there that 
my mother gave me years and years 
ago. I used to read a chapter in it 
every night. I wish I did now. 
Next to it, likely enough, is an old 
and battered brier-wood pipe. Der- 
mott gave me that my freshman year 
in college. He was my room-mate 
all the course. Just after graduation 
he tried to save a girl from drowning 
at Long Branch. She caught him 
round the throat, and they died to- 

"The steel tip of an alpenstock is 


there, too. I hung over a thousand- 
foot crevasse once with only that ami 

some stout rope between me and 
eternity. The next Christmas my 
guide sent it to me with a pair of 
buck chamois antlers. A note of 
Christmas greeting from General 
Sherman, a scarf-pin 
jggSt A from the E m p r e s s 
..<-„-. <^; r r.y bugenie, a cnorus- 

j girl's slipper — those 
"•-"'•T. are all I think." 

The girl had listened intently, but 
with drooping lines of disappoint- 
ment about the corners of her mouth. 
"And which is the most precious," 
she asked coldly, " the slipper? " 

Arnold pulled at the ends of his 
long moustache reflectively, and 
mused a minute before he replied, — 
"I haven't told you of that one 
yet. I never told any one of it. 
But I suppose I ought to keep my 
promise. It was just ten years ago 
to-day that I received my most pre- 
cious Christinas gift — the kiss of a 
young girl, as pure and sweet as a 
mountain spring." 

" And as cold ? " asked the girl. 

She leaned forward to stir the em- 
bers as she spoke. The heat must 
have been intense, for her face was 
crimson when she rose. 

"Let's not discuss that, please," 
said Arnold with unwonted gravity. 
" I 've always held that kiss rather 
sacred in my thoughts. I want to 
now. It 's your turn to fulfil the 
agreement, isn't it?" 

She was slow to begin, and when 
she did the screen by the fire stood 
between her and Arnold. 

14 Strangely enough," she said 
finally, "it was just ten years ago 
that I, too, received my most pre- 
cious gift. 

14 We were very poor then — the 
coal had not been found on father's 
land — and lived in a long, low farm- 
house on the side of a Tennessee 

*' The war had robbed father of 
ambition as well as of wealth, and 
when mother died I believe he bur- 
ied all hope with her. So I grew up 
like a weed, bare-headed, bare- footed, 
and ignorant. 

" Down at the store in the valley 
the boys chaffed me pretty rudely 
sometimes, but 1 never minded it un- 
til the day before this Chri>tmas, ten 
years ago. I had coaxed a few pen- 
nies from father to make some sort of 
a Christmas for little Ted, my brother. 

11 When I started to return from 
the store a loutish, bullying fellow, 
who had been ruder than the rest, 
followed me. Presently he caught 
up, put his arms around my waist, 
and tried to kiss me. I fought like a 
young- tigress and screamed ' Help ! ' 

" The word was scarcely out of my 
mouth when a horseman came by. 
He was only a boy, little older than 
I. but, oh! so handsome and brave 
and strong. He struck the ruffian 
just once behind the ear. and felled 
him like a log. I thought he was 
dead, but the stranger said no, that 
he would come around after a little, 
and took me up behind him to carry 
me home. 



"He stayed at the house that 

night, and quite aroused father with 
his cheeriness. As for me, I kept 
my eyes on him all the evening, Ik- 
was the knight I had dreamed of 
after spelling out the ' Idylls of the 
King.' He had saved me from 
danger. He was my Launcelot. I 
would be his Elaine. 

"Next morning, when he bade me 
' Merry Christinas ' and ' Good bye " 
in the same breath, he took the pin 
from his scarf — 'as a remembrance,' 
he said — and gave it to me. I have 
worn it somewhere," with an invol- 
untary glance toward her heart,. 
11 ever since." 

The girl paused as if her story- 
was finished, but there was no sound 
from the other side of the screen. 

"I had nothing to give him," she 

finally went on. faltering a little, 
"but I could not bear to let him 
go away with nothing by which to 
remember me. And so, when he 
bent down to fasten the pin in my 
dress, 1 — 1 kissed him." 

The fair cheeks were dyed a 
deeper and darker crimson now, 
and the long lashes closed tightly 
over the brown eyes. When they 
opened again it was to gaze straight 
into the honest, loveful eyes of the 
man who knelt beside her. 

" Delia, darling," said he softly, 
"ten years is only a little time, after 
all. Can't you quite forget it ? " 

With a happy little sigh she laid 
her head upon his shoulder, her arms 
about his neck. Her Christmas gift 
of ten years before was returned to 
her with interest. 



1 '^mm 

W; ' 


By Gforge Bancroft Griffiti 

He who would rot) r!he rich man's house 

Creeps noiseless as a wary mouse ; 

But he who goes with good intent 

Steps as to music ; while the one that's sent 

On Christ-like deed, as he draws near. 

An angel's wings you seem to hear. 




By Ensign Lloyd H. Chandler, U. S. AT. 

The costly blundering and dis- 
honesty of the French m uagement 
of the operations on the Panama 
canal so disgusted the world that 
some years ago Americans began to 
look for a way in which they could 
solve the problem of a trans-isthmian 
steamer route from the Caribbean sea 
to the pacific ocean. ' Much discus- 
sion and considerable work have been 
the outcome of it all, and it is the 
object of this article to give some idea 
of the work, and of what is expected 
to be done. No effort will be made 
to deal with the history of the Nicara- 
gua canal, its international character, 
nor with the organization of the com- 
panies nor their real or sought for 
relations with our national govern- 
ment. It is intended simply to de- 
scribe the proposed route of the canal 
and the engineering difficulties to be 

The Nicaragua canal is to be 169.5 
miles in length, of which 28.6 miles 
will be excavated, and the rest free 
navigation through the lakes and 
rivers. In general terms it is to con- 
sist of three parts : first, the harbor 
of Greytown and its continuation in 
the form of a canal to the high land 
of the interior ; second, a great inland 
lake, containing many deep bays, 
which lake is to be constructed by 
buman hands, and through which 
ocean steamships will wend their 
way; and third, the harbor of BritO 

and its continuation in the form of a 
canal to the high land of the interior. 
The surface of the lake i.-> to be 1 10 
feet above the sea level, and the 
ascent to it on one side and the 
descent from it on the other will be 
made by means of enormous locks. 

For descriptive purposes the sub- 
ject may be more fully divided as 
follows : 

1. The construction of the harbor 
at Greytown. 

2. The canal from Greytown to the 
San Francisco basin. 

3. The flooding of the San Fran- 
cisco basin and the handling of its 
waste water. 

4. The canalization of the San Juan 
river from the San Francisco basin to 
Lake Nicaragua, including the build- 
ing of the Ochoa dam. 

5. The passage across Lake Nicara- 

6. The canal from Lake Nicaragua 
to Brito. 

7. The construction of a harbor at 

The various divisions will be con- 
sidered in the order just given. 

There was formerly a good harbor 
at Greytown for vessels drawing as 
much as 20 feet of water, this harbor 
being formed by the northern mouth 
of the San Juan river. Along this 
coast, however, there is always a 
strong current setting to the north- 
ward and westward, and its force is 



increased by the waves caused by the 
constant easterly trade winds. 

Large deposits of earth arc brought 
down from the- volcanic regions of 

Costa Rica by the San Juan, and the 
branch of the delta on which Grey- 
town is situated has become almost 
entirely filled up, the southern or Col- 
orado branch now being the principal 
mouth of the river. The action of 

there is nothing to be removed but 
soft sand. 

An examination of the map< will 
show the San Juan to be a river which 
has but one tributary of importance. 
the Rio San Francisco, flowing into it 
from the north, while on the south 
coine two. each of them larger than 
the San Francisco. These are the 
'Rio San Carlos and the Rio Serapiqui . 

'^ 7 


A B<t of 

the current and waves carries the earth 
and silt from the Colorado mouth to 
the northward, and the absence of a 
powerful current out of the river at 
Grey town has caused the harbor to be 
partly filled up. To stop further de- 
posits, a breakwater is to be built out 
from the southern side of the bay to 
the six- fathom line. This will deflect 
the northerly currents out to sea and 
will throw the sand into deep water. 
The harbor can then be dredged out 
to the required depth with ease, as 

The first of these three tributaries is 
comparatively clear, but the two last 
'have their headwaters among the vol- 
canic mountains of Costa Rica, and 
are consequently filled with dirt and 
ashes. These streams would keep any 
canal channel down the San Juan 
pretty well filled up. and therefore 
render it imperative that the portion 
of the San Juan below the confluence 
of the San Carlos shall not be used for 
the canal. From that point up t«> 
Lake Nicaragua, however, the San 


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Juan is remarkably free from sedi- 
ment, and that fact, as well as the 
surrounding' nature of the country, 
renders it m advisable, even necessary, 
that its bed shall be included in the 
great waterway between those points. 
The contour of the country and the 
fact that the drainage system of the 
San Francisco is comparatively small 
and its floods less in quantity than 
those of the southern rivers, have 
rendered it advisable to locate the 
canal to the northward of the Rio San 

For about ten miles inland from 
Greytown the country is almost level. 
rising only a loot a mile, and is com- 
posed of soft earth, this stretch of land 
having been apparently built on to the 
rockier inland region by the action of 
the currents already referred to. The 
first ten miles of land are therefore sim- 
ple excavating of the most ordinary 
kind, the trench being wide and deep 
enough for vessels to pass each other, 
and this stretch of canal makes up 
the first great division, the Atlantic 
tidewater section. A reference to the 
map of the eastern section will show 
that this portion of the work runs for 
a part of its way through the valley 
of a small stream, the Deseado. This 
stream is to be turned by a small cut 
into the San Juanillo, at the point 
where the Deseado makes its first 
extreme bend to the southward, just 
clear of the foot hills. This deflected 
water course will serve as a runway 
for the waste water from the lower 
Deseado basin. The tides in the 
Caribbean sea have but a few inches 
rise and fall, so that very slight extra 
excavation will be necessary on their 

At the end of this first section 
comes the rise to the lake level, 

which is accomplished by the three 

Deseado locks. At this point the 
rocky hills begin, and the locks are 
set in dams or embankments which 
run across the Deseado valley from 
hill to hill. The lower lock is at the 
opening of the valley, and hence the 
embankment there is the longest of 
the three. All the locks in the canal 
are to be 650 feet in length, and 70 
feet in breadth, and this first one is 
to have a lift of 31 feet; 1.25 miles 
above this is the middle lock, which 
is situated between two rocky spurs 
that project from the hills on each 
side and almost touch each other. 
The lift here will be 30 feet. Just 
2.25 miles above this again and 
between two similar points of rock, 
is the upper lock, which will carry 
the ships up 45 feet to the lake level. 
The two lower locks and their em- 
bankments will form two basins in 
which some dredging will have to be 
done, but which will be very conven- 
ient for ships waiting their turn at 
the locks and passing each other. 
The upper lock and its embankments 
will form a basin which is in reality 
a part of the upper level lake. The 
combined length of all Deseado em- 
bankments will be about 12,000 feet, 
with an average height of about 20 
feet. The maximum height will be 
38 feet. In these dams, as in all 
others projected, proper waste weirs 
will be arranged to carry off, the 
superfluous water into the bed of the 
Deseado below the lower lock. In 
none of the dams or embankments 
throughout the whole work is it 
expected that the water will ever be 
allowed to overflow, for such a course 
would lead to the almost certain 
undermining of the foundations. 
At the head of the Deseado valley 



and three miles above the upper lock 
begins the heaviest work of the enter- 
prise, the excavation of the great 
Atlantic divide cut. This cut runs 
from the Deseado 2.9 miles through 
solid rock to the San Francisco basin, 
the mean depth of excavation being 
about 140 feet with a heavy cut of 
29S feet. The highest point lo be 
worked through is 300 feet above the 
Atlantic level, and '• is estimated 
that 9,0)00.000 cubic yards of mate- 
rial will have to be removed, of which 
7,000,000 will be solid lava and con- 
solidated beds of volcanic ashes about 
as hard as slate rock. The rest is 
soft earth. The canal through the 
divide is to be 80 feet wide, 30 feet 
deep, and rectangular in section. In 
its path it will cross numerous small 
ravines through which the earth can 
be removed with ease. These same 
ravines will have to be dammed after 
the cut is completed to a height suffi- 
cient to maintain the water level in 
the great lake. 

The great divide cut finally emerges 
into the valley of a small brook 
called the Limpio, and this is followed 
to the valley of the Chancos, which 
carries the canal in turn to the valley 
of the San Francisco. The proposed 
manner of handling this river is to 
convert it into a lake by proper em- 
bankments. At the dry season it 
is a small stream and can easily be 
dammed to the proper height with 
the material from the divide cut. 
with which all the other embank- 
ments will be built as well. These 
and almost all the other embank- 
ments are to be what is known in 
the western United States as "loose 
rock dams," which will fulfil every 
purpose as long as they are not 
allowed to overflow. Passing up 

the San F'rancisco basin the cour>e 
finally turns up the valley of the Rio 
Danta, which is commonly called the 
Florida basin, and, at its head, 
another cut through soft earth will 
carry the canal into the basin of the 
San Juan. 

The configuration of the country 
and the need of a plentiful water 
supply force the canal into the San 
Juan river about three miles below 
ttftie mouth of the San Carlos, in spite 
(of the sediment deposited by that river. 
The key of the whole construction is 
bow reached in the building of the 
'Ochoa dam, for this structure will 
render possible the navigation of the 
San Juan and the maintenance of the 
•great lake in which such a large por- 
tion of the canal is to lie. By this 
dam the level of the great lake will 
be maintained about five feet higher 
than the present surface of Lake Nic- 
aragua, the San Francisco will be 
inundated, the two divide cuts will 
ibe filled, the San Carlos will be con- 
verted into still water for the lower 
re 2 miles of its length, and the water 
ixor operating all the locks will be fur- 
niished. Such, then, is the impor- 
tance of the Ochoa dam. The great 
basin thus described is surrounded 
by chains of hills, through which 
break gaps or saddles of varying 
depth, the valley of the San Juan 
being the deepest. It is proposed to 
slop all these gaps by embankments, 
aind the valley of the San Juan by 
the Ochoa dam, all but the latter 
being capable of construction before 
tine water reaches them. The prob- 
lem of the great dam is to build a 
structure that will raise a rapidly 
manning river considerably over 75 
: set. To do this concrete abutments 
will first be built out 325 feet from 



the hills on each .side, which abut- 
ments will he nine feet higher than 
the dam between, which latter will 
be 1,250 feet long and 104 feet high 
as a maximum, its average height 
being 61 feet. The river is about 20 
feet deep, and never carries even in 
the dryest time less than 12,000 feet 
of water a minute, while during the 
floods this may reach 50,000 feet. 
The dam is to be built bv throwing 

necessary for this purpose is esti- 
mated at [,600,000 cubic yards. 

Thousands of runways for waste 
water will be built in the saddles 
of the surrounding hills so that the 
dams and embankments may never 
overflow, but the main outlet for 
waste water is to be some distance up 
the San Carlos river and on its south- 
eastern bank. Here channels and 
gates are to be built by means of 


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Steam Shovels in One r a'.ior,. 

large blocks of the stone from the 
great cut into the water and allowing 
them to seek their own resting places, 
the sediment in the water, aided if 
necessary by dumping earth as the 
work approaches completion, filling 
up the interstices. The soundness 
of a dam constructed in this way is 
assured by its very existence, for any 
structure that can be built in such a 
manner will surely stand after it is 
completed. The amount of material 

which the height of water in the lake 
will be regulated, the waste being 
allowed to run into the old bed. of the 
San Juan some distance below the 
darn. By this arrangement whatever 
current there is in the lake will set 
up the San Carlos and not down, so 
that all sediment will be deposited 
in the still water basin of that river, 
and not in the canal proper. Another 
advantage of this scheme is that the 
apparatus for regulating the height 



of the water level will be at the main 
source of supply, and so the level can 
be more readily kept steady. This 

is important, as a rise or fall of two 
feet at the dam would cause incon- 

wi>e the level of the lake would be 
lowered to a disastrous extent. 

The eastern gradient of Lake Nica- 
ragua slopes very gradually, and a 
channel will have to be dredged 

venient currents in the outlying through the lake mud lor 14 miles. 
branches of the canal. The wind always blows off ^hore 



, & . -. ■ ; 

. ... 

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A Dreczer sr Work. 

The channel of the San Juan will 
require but little digging for the first 
36 miles above the Ochoa dam. but 
there the Castillo rapids are reached. 
and from that point to Lake Nicara- 
gua, a distance of 30 miles, consider- 
able rock will have to be excavated, 
but this work presents no great diffi- 
culties and is of no special interest. 
The heaviest of this work will be at 
the Toro rapids, about seven miles 
above Castillo. The ledge there is 
the natural dam which maintains the 
level of Lake Nicaragua, and work 
upon it cannot be begun until the 
Ochoa dam is completed, as other- 

kere, and there are no currents, so 
that breakwaters and sand deflecting 
piers such as must be built in Grey- 
town are not necessary. Some dredg- 
ing may be necessary in the lake 
?>eyond this channel, but not much. 
The Pacific bottom of the lake is of 
rock, and a short cutting only will 
be necessary, for the bottom rises 
quickly as the shore is approached. 
The trade wind always blows on 
shore here, so that breakwaters will 
have to be built to shelter the en- 
trance to the canal. These need not 
very heavy, for the sea never at- 
tains the power of the ocean breakers. 



The Pacific divide cut connects 
Lake Nicaragua with the Tola basin, 
and leaves the lake through the val- 
le> of a small stream called the Rio 
Lajas, which is to be diverted from 
its present course and turned into 
the lake farther to the southward. 
This valley is followed for a short 
distance, and then the canal turns to 
the northward away from it, through 
the cut, and into the valley of another 
small stream, the Rio Grande, which 
is followed to the Tola basin. For 
the first mile and a half after leaving 
the lake, the cut is through soft 
ground which rises but two or three 
feet above the lake level. Beyond 
this the earth level rises to a height 
of 43 feet above the lake, or 155 feet 
above the Pacific level. The canal is 
to start through the soft ground with 
a bottom width of 120 feet, a top 
width of 210 feet, and a depth of 2S 
feet, which will ^raduallv change 
until it reaches the rock of the cut 
where its dimensions will be the same 
as in the gieat eastern divide cut. 
The deepest excavations here will 
be about 80 feet, and the heaviest 
work will continue with varying 
depth for about five miles. The 
valley of the Rio Grande, after 
opening out to form the Tola basin, 
contracts sharply again, and in the 
neck of this contraction is situated 
the Tola or La Flor dam. 

In point of size this will greatly 
exceed the Ochoa structure, but it 
will be built on dry land, for all the 
water for this system will be supplied 
by the back flow of the lake through 
the canal. The La Flor dam is to 
be 2,070 feet long, and is to have a 
maximum height of 70 feet. Here, 
as on the Atlantic slope, proper spill- 
wavs for waste water are to be made. 

At the western end of the Tola 
dam will be situated the two upper 
of the La Flor locks, each of which 
is to have a lift of 42.5 feet. They 
are placed end to end in the rock, 
and are 3.5 miles from the Pacific at 
Brito. Nearer the ocean by 1.25 
miles is the lower or tidewater lock. 
which will have a lift of from 21 t<> 
29 feet, according to the state of the 
tide in the Pacific, and this lock 
brings us to the end of the second 
great division of the canal. 

From the lower La Flor lock to the 
ocean is but simple work. The canal 
will here be a part of the tidewater, 
and will have a top width of 184 feet, 
a bottom width of So feet, and a 
depth of 28 feet at low tide, the rise 
and fall of which is about 8 feet. 

At P>rito there is practically no 
harbor, and one will have to be 
built of breakwaters, but it is the 
only place available for the mouth 
of the canal. Storms are very rare : 
the wind is always off shore, and 
there are no drifting sands to be 
taken care of, so the work should 
not be difficult. Any excavations 
that may be necessary inside the 
breakwaters will be in sand, and so 
will be very simple. 

The points about the building of 
this stupendous canal that attract 
the most attention are the tremen- 
dous embankments and locks. The 
Ochoa dam seems almost impossible 
to those who have not carefully 
studied the project. The engineers, 
however, consider that the character 
of the country, both topographically 
and geologically, renders the con- 
struction easily possible. Let us 
hope that such is the case, and that 
the canal will soon be in operation, 
for the world needs it sadly. 



l i 




.'7* « 






"U'rike stepped into the room ca'ryng a lilver candlestick in her hand." See page 5 f . 



[Translated from the German of Hans Werder.J 
By Agatha B. E. Chandler. 



c - 





11 H king of Prussia 
comes ! The Prus- 
sian trumpets are 
sounding the ad- 
vance ! " Thus ran 
the cry of terror from 
mouth to mouth. 

For many years war 
had devastated the coun- 
try, for August of Sax- 

ony scorned the idea of remaining 
at peace with his powerful neigh- 
bors, and seemed utterly heedless of 
the possibility of forcing all Europe 
into an alliance against him. What 
wonder, then, that the king of Prus- 
sia looked with covetous eyes upon 
this embattled land and chose its 
meadows for his feats of arms, quar- 
tering his battle-stained armies idly 
for the winter in its rich towns and 
cities to recruit his forces for the 
approaching campaign. So for seven 
long years the people were obliged 
to patiently bear the burden of the 
strife which the hot-headed August 
had brought upon them. 

The war had hitherto touched the 
quiet village of Langenrode lightly, 
but now a strong body of Prussian 
troops was to be permanently quar- 
tered in the vicinity, and a wave of 
terror overwhelmed the village in 
consequence. The old Count of 

Langenrode. a staunch supporter of 
his prince and therefore a bitter 
enemy to the Prussians, left the cas- 
tle with his family and servants and 
fled to Dresden, while the vicar of 
the town hid himself in terror, leav- 
ing his parish to its fate. Was it not 
natural, then, that the old abbess of 
Langenrode convent should take to 
her bed upon hearing the bad news? 

The convent, with its clumps of 
trees growing here and there about 
it in artistic loneliness, lay at the 
distant end of the village, widely 
separated from the castle. It was 
an old, grav, ivy-clad building:, from 
which the glistening panes of the 
deeply recessed windows shone like 
bright eyes from a wrinkled face. 
Mighty chestnut trees, now stripped 
of their golden brown foliage, over- 
shadowed the court and garden 
where the turf was still green 
although covered with withered 
leaves which rustled in the wind 
and gave to the landscape the unmis- 
takable appearance of coming fall. 

Three old women wandered back 
and forth through the garden, talk- 
ing loudly and earnestly together, 
stopping in their walk occasionally 
to understand one another better. 
The members of this worthy trio 
were inmates of the convent, and a 

4 s 


fourth, a countess of Langenrode, 

was allied to the count's family and 
had fled with him. The abbess, von 
Trebenow by name, was the fifth and 
last, and she now lay sick within. 

" Will this king of Prussia take 
up his winter quarters here—here in 
this household of old women?" cried 
one of the three, her white hands 
trembling- with anger as she drew 
her fur cape tighter around her 

"No; not the king himself." cried 
another, " but his wild war herd, and 
that is worse — far worse!" 

" Onr countess did well to get 
away. I am going to-day myself. 
My relations in Leipzig will be very 
glad to receive me." 

11 I will shut myself in. What do 
you say to that, my dear Pillnau ? " 

Fraulein von Pillnau was the 
youngest of the inmates — a fact that 
she loved to make known to the 
world. She now sighed and cast 
her eyes heavenward. 

"Were I ten years older I should 
certainly stay here, tor I can't bear 
to think of leaving our sick abbess 
alone and helpless. I am surprised 
that jv/e even think of going away." 

The other two stopped short, 
scarcely able to find words to show 
their disapprobation of such an 

"Alone and helpless, my friend! 
That' s a remarkable statement ! 
She is n't alone ! Is n't her niece 
here to care for her? And doesn't 
she infinitely prefer her society to 
ours ? " 

"Just my opinion! Can we help 
her? Can we weak trembling crea- 
tures protect her — we who can 
scarcely look out for ourselves in 
times of danger?" 

M Shall we offer to take this niece's 
place should we be considered wor- 
thy? No. my friends! Let us first 
do what is necessary for our own 
safety, and then we will not have to 
ask any questions, nor will we 
answer any." 

With that the eldest of the women 
closed the discussion over the sick 
abbess, and Fraulein von Pillnau's 
troublesome doubts were set at rest. 
They decided to depart the next 

Just at that moment the middle 
door of the convent opened, and 
through it came a young girl, an 
officer in uniform by her side. 

"Well, well! What? What is 
this?" cried the three old women, 
their white powdered locks trembling 
as they raised their eye-glasses. 

The couple drew near, unembar- 
rassed by the looks cast at them. 

'•My cousin, Benno von Traut- 
witz," said the girl, introducing her 
companion, who bowed. 

"From whence do you come. Herr 
von Trautwitz ? " asked Fraulein von 
Pillnau. "Do you bring us news of 
the approach of the enemy ? Is 
Langenrode really to lose her free- 
dom ?'' 

" God knows. Let us hope not," 
he responded softly. "I have come 
to inquire after my most worthy aunt, 
and I am deeply troubled over the 
sad state in which I find her." 

"And you, Ulrike," interrupted 
the eldest of the women, "can you 
leave your relative's sick bed by the 
hour, when you should be constantly 
by her side ?" 

Ulrike von Trebenow. the niece of 
the abbess, cast a startled glance at 
the speaker. She felt that she had 
done nothing wrong and could not 



understand the reproachful tone of 

the remark. 

" My aunt is sleeping, and so I 
could get away to welcome my 

"Then you should take advantage 
of these few moments for a short 
walk, my dear cousin," interrupted 
the young man quickly. " Do come 
with inc." 

The two walked away over the 
leaf-strewn turf together, untroubled 
by the glances that followed them. 
I'lrike daintily smoothed the folds of 
her lavender gown witli her finger 
tips, and by a glance convinced her- 
self that her shoes were not being 
injured by the dampness of the grass. 

"My dear cousin." began Benno 
von Trautwitz, as soon as they were 
out of hearing, " deny me everything 
else if you will, but do not make me 
leave you here alone and unpro- 
tected. A part of the Prussian troops 
is sure to be quartered in Langen- 
rode for the winter, and many others 
will pass through the town. You 
don't know, you can't know, what it 
is for a young girl to be left alone to 
the mercy of these Prussian officers." 

l 'Xo, no. I don't know," cried 
Ulrike, wringing her hands, "but it 
must be more terrible than death. 
Stay with me, Cousin Benno, or I 
shall be without a protector." 

"My dear, you make me very- 
happy by your trust. Come with me 
and I will take you safe and sound to 
our uncle in Leitnitz, inside our 
friends' lines. Trust yourself en- 
tirely to me, and you will make me 

"Oh, Benno! How can I think 
only of my own safety and leave my 
aunt alone, perhaps to die? I can't 
do it. The one person here who was 

really nearest to my aunt, the Coun- 
tess of Langenrode, has already 
flown, and I am sure the others will 
go, too." 

" And you. Ulrike," he interrupted, 
"the only person whose safety neces- 
sitates flight. Von wish to remain 
here like a heroine to await a fate, 
the horrors of which you cannot even 
imagine ? " 

By this time they had reached the 
end of the garden and there paused, 
the dark green turf stretching away 
before them, and beyond, the bare 
autumnal fields. Ulrike thought- 
lessly plucked the red berries from a 
hedge of wild rose bushes. 

"And you will not stay here to pro- 
tect me? " she asked, looking at him 
with a hall smile. 

"It is impossible for me to stay, 

I'lrike, else upon my honor " he 

hesitated a moment and then contin- 
ued, " You know that I am an officer 
and have but a short leave of ab- 
sence. Nothing but my longing to 
see you has brought me here at all. 
Even to-night I must go back to my 

It was true that only his longing to 
see Ulrike had brought him to Uang- 
enrode, but there was a cause for his 
speedy departure that he did not men- 
tion. Benno von Trautwitz was one 
of a number of officers who had fallen 
into the hands of the Prussians at the 
capture of Pirna early in the war, 
and who had been released on parole. 
In spite of his word of honor, given 
not to take up arms against the in- 
vaders, he was now with his regiment 
again, believing that the good of his 
country was of greater importance 
than either his own honor or the 
death that would undoubtedly be his 
lot should he fall into the hands of 



the enemy again. His hatred ol the 
conquerors of his fatherland had 
grown stronger and stronger as he 
convinced himself that he was acting 
the part of an officer and of a man. 
He now looked at the young girl 
whose bine eyes were raised question- 
ingly to his own, and then turned 
away. Would she understand his 
motives, or would she look upon him 
with scorn as a man who had broken 
his word of honor? He feared her 
judgment, but much more, however, 
did he fear to meet the officers of 
Friedrich's host, whom he knew 
regarded their own honor as that of 
their king, the king for whom they 
lived, fought, suffered, and died. 
He knew them too well ; he dared 
not await them here. 

"Ulrike, you torture me!" he 
cried suddenly. "Follow me. I 
beseech you ! Entrust yourself to 
me ! I cannot leave you. I cannot 
live awav from vou without being 

sure " He had taken her hand 

in his own, but she withdrew it gen- 
tly from his grasp. 

-V Let us go back to the house, my 
cousin. I fear my aunt is awake and 
in need of me." She turned and 
walked slowly back. 

44 My good aunt still lives." she 
continued after a short pause. " I 
hope that God will spare her to me 
and will grant her a speedy recovery. 
Then she will protect me against the 
Prussian officers, and perhaps her 
protection would be even preferable 
to yours, my cousin." 

The sick abbess was awake and 
desired Ulrike's presence. Benno 
von Trautwiz sat wearily and alone 
in one of the delicate gilded chair^ in 
the old woman's parlor, deep in 
gloomy thought. He was pleasant 

t< » look upon, for his slender, well- 
formed figure was free from self-con- 
sciousness, and his finely modeled 
face was in repose, the flashing of his 
dark eyes alone betraying the strong 
feelings that were struggling within 
him. He fell that he had done right 
in taking up arms against the Prus- 
sians again, and he did not regret 
having broken his word of honor, but 
a fierce hatred of those who had 
taken his parole filled his heart, and 
now, to crown all. the troops of this 
detested Prussian king were pressing 
forward and endangering his dearest 
treasure. He had loved Ulrike for 
many years, and his love for her was 
as deep and strong as was his hatred 
for the enemy. 

The deep twilight had gradually 
darkened the room in which he 
sat, and he started suddenly when 
a bright stream of light flashed 
through the door. Ulrike stepped 
into the room carrying a silver can- 
dlestick in her hand. The purity of 
her soul gleamed from her exquisite 
white face, her bright golden hair, 
and her beautiful girlish figure. . So 
light was her hair that it appeared 
wdiite and covered with powder, its 
bright threads of gold alone proving 
to the contrary. Benno sprang up 
and took the light from her hand to 
place it on the table, and in doing it 
held her hand fast within his own 
and pressed it to his lips. 

11 Ulrike, promise me to keep your- 
self hidden from the Prussian bri- 
gands ! Vou can't imagine how I 
dread to leave you here ! " 

She looked at him artlessly. 

"Do you think I would find pleas- 
ure in their company ? But 

come now, you must be hungry. I 
have ordered supper for you." 



He followed her with a sigh. 
When would he succeed in arousing 
her from that childlike indifference 
with which she concealed from him 
her deepest feelings ? 

An hour later Benno von Traut- 
witz mounted his horse and rode 
away into the cold autumn night. 
The sky was overcast, and it soon 
began to snow. I* hike stood in the 
window alone and gazed at the 
rider's retreating form. 

The three old women had an- 

nounced that they would leave in 
the morning, and already imagined 
themselves on their way. 

lirike had made known her deci- 
sion and so she remained entirely 
alone, deserted by them all and weep- 
ing bitter tears in her feeling of utter 
helplessness. She clung firmly to 
her resolution, however, although 
the future seemed full of horror and 
threw its spirit over her, as a 
shadow comes dark and threaten- 
ing before that which casts it. 


" ' Fried rich the Great ! our lord and king.' 
From rank to rank the shout doth ring. 
As onward rolls our battle wave. 
The freedom of our land to save." 

Thus the song of the troopers 
echoed and reechoed gaily through the 
camp. The Baireuth dragoons had 
bivouacked in a wretched little village, 
consisting of a couple of miserable 
mud huts, which furnished but meagre 
shelter for the night while the cook- 
ing and the cleaning of arms and 
horses had to be done under the 
open sky. Men and horses alike 
had a long day's march behind 
them, and, tired and hungry, were 
now happy over a good supper and 
the prospect of a good night's rest. 
The officers had quartered them- 
selves in one of the huts, and now, 
their supper ended, the youngest of 
them sat around their rough camp 
table, over which a torch cast its 
dazzling and uncertain light. Their 
voices were fresh, gay, and loud as 
they exchanged stories of their early 
love affairs and laughed and joked 
thereat in happy soldierly bravado. 

" But our captain has nothing to 
say for himself ! I wagrer his stories 

would be spicier than any of ours ! 
lie must give us one!" cried a hand- 
some young lieutenant to his friends. 

The officer towards whom this 
remark was directed sat at the end 
of the table with his chin resting in 
his hand, his bright eyes wandering 
from one speaker to another. He 
was a handsome, well-built fellow, 
not over thirty years old at the 
most, his face tanned by exposure to 
wind and weather, and with the 
spirit of a true soldier gleaming from 
his flashing eyes. 

"I can only say, gentlemen, that 
you are all incorrigible boasters. 
For my part I have no stories of 
that kind to tell you; you all know 
that I have never troubled myself 
over women." 

He was answered by a shout of 
derisive laughter, with here and 
there- some jeering comment. 

" You can't make us believe that, 
Reutlingen!" cried the young lieu- 
tenant. Wolf von Eickstadt. " For 
what were those daring blue eyes 
given you if not for the conquest of 
the fair sex ?" 

"1 have my eves, children, to see 



how miserably you do your duty," 
was the captain's reply, which was 
again drowned by the noisy answers. 

Their wild stories were quickly for- 
gotten, as the>- eagerly claimed the 
right to punish him for his untruthful- 
ness in saying that he had no tales of 
conquest to tell them. He ran his fin- 
gers carelessly through his hair, and 
finally pushed his glass forward to be 
refdled, saying suddenly, — 

11 Let me have peace, gentlemen! 

• ' :■'.! # 

. & . ■ ••' ... "■ ■■<■ 

mustache. His comrades drank his 
health, and as he rose the light fell 
more plainly upon the red sabre sear 
across his forehead. That sear was 
the badge of honor that he had 
gained at Hohenfriedburg fourteen 
years before, when serving as a sub- 
lieutenant, scarcely sixteen years old. 
with the Baireuth dragoons in that 
famous battle, the glory of which 
will make the regiment's name fam- 
ous to the end of time. 


• ■ < ' . 



-■■ 5 

~ St* A 






That battle of Hohenfried- 
burg, on the. morning of June 
4, 1745. had been the starting 
point of young Reutlingen's 
career. The crisis of the en- 
gagement had not yet been 
reached, and a difficult passage 
across the Striegauer river had 
I have never raved over women, as kept the Baireuth dragoons from 

you know, but I 

tell you that reaching their designated position at 

whatever the wild Reutliugen wants 
he will take!*' 

This confident assertion was re- 
ceived with shouts of laughter. 

11 Hear the fellow brag! Hurrah! 
The wild Reutliugen has outstripped 
us all!" 

The object of this outburst threw 
himself back on his rude bench and 
laughed a deep, hearty laugh, his 
white teeth shining beneath his dark 

the appointed time. It happened in 
consequence that there was a dan- 
gerous gap in the Prussian lines, 
between the infantry brigades of 
Bredow and Munehow, into which 
the Austrian infantry rushed, almost 
winning the day. The commander 
of the belated dragoons. Lieutenant- 
General von Geszler, sent word to 
the king that he intended to charge 
and regain his lost ground. Fried- 



rich shrugged his shoulders incredu- 
lously, remarking, " What will these 
youngsters do?" 

The regiment broke into two col- 
umns, one headed by General von 
Geszler himself and the other by 
Colonel von Schwerin, and together 
they charged the Austrians with 
unequalled fury. Death and terror 
spread before them, and victory fol- 
lowed in their path as they bore their 
triumphant banners into the heart of 
the enemy. By this glorious charge- 
seven regiments were annihilated, 
dispersed, scattered like clouds before 
a storm, all their arms, munitions, 
and standards falling into the hands 
of the dragoons. The battle was 
won . 

11 What does your majesty now 
say to the youngsters?" asked Gen- 
eral von Geszler, as at the head of 
his regiment he stood hat in hand 
before the king. Friedrich bared 
his head to his brave dragoons. 

Young Reutlingen had taken part 
in this memorable charge. In the 
early part of the attack a bullet had 
torn the cap from his head, and a 
moment afterward he received a 
sabre cut on his uncovered brow. 
His senses left him and he wavered 
in his saddle, but he could not fall, 
could not give up — he could not die 
before the victory was won. So he 
forced himself to remain on his horse, 
the blood streaming down over his 
eyes and blinding him so that, in 
the midst of a storm of bullets, he 
became separated from his troop 
and found himself alone among the 
enemy. After a long time he fought 
his way back to his friends, bleeding 
from many wounds but bearing with 
him a standard that he had captured 
from his foes. 

The king's sharp eye had noted 
this gallant rider's solitary charge, 
and when, at the close of the battle, 
the regiment was paraded before him 
to receive its well earned reward, his 
royal thanks, he asked the name of 
the daring sub-lieutenant. 

Reutlingen was immediately called 
before him. his uniform soaked with 
blood, his forehead bound in a 
handkerchief, and the blue eyes 
that shone forth below the bandage 
filled with the wild joy of victory. 

" What is your name ? " asked the 

" Reutlingen, your majesty." 
"Why did you separate yourself 
from your troop during the charge? " 
Reutlingen involuntarily pointed 
to his forehead. 

"The blood ran into my eyes, 
your majesty, and I could see noth- 

"You were blind and lost your 
troop, but nevertheless captured a 
standard ? " 

"Only one, may it please your 

A smile broke over the king's face. 
" How old are you ? " 
" Sixteen, your majesty." 
"You will become famous yet. 
Take good care of your wounds. 
If you wish to ask me any favor, it 
will be granted." 

The young officer's eyes shone with 
pride and pleasure. 

" I thank you heartily, most gra- 
cious majesty. To have pleased my 
king is reward enough for me. I 
have nothing further to ask." 

The king's kindly glance wandered 
once more over the wounded boyish 

"Perhaps you will think of some- 
thing later. If so, vou mav come to 



me and ask it." Me turned to Gen- 
eral von Geszler and said. M For the 
present we will promote this wild 
Reutlingen to a lieutenancy." 

Could he have had his way, Lieii- 
tenant-General von Geszler would! 
have thanked the young man for his 
heroic deed by making him a count- 
Colonel Otto von Schweren would' 
have made him a major-general ou.t 
of his turn. Having been compli- 
mented by his king, however, no man 
was ever prouder of a new title than, 
was young Lieutenant Jobs* von 
Reutlingen. He was prouder still,, 
though, of the name of "wild"' tha& 
the king had bestowed upon him, and! 
from that day he was known to the 
whole army as the "wild Reutlin- 

The Battle of Hohenfriedburg was 
followed by ten years of peace and 
faithful sendee for the young lieu- 
tenant, who was stationed during; 
that time at the small post at Pase- 

Friedrich, '"the good father of his 
army," who knewmanv of his young 
officers personally, kept his eye upon 
Reutlingen, and it was well known 
that the young man's highest aim: 
was always to win his majesty's ap- 
proval ; in fact, his love for the king 
aud his desire to serve him faithfully 
transformed the rash youth into an, 
able, steady, and reliable officer. 

Then came the great war which 
devastated northern Germany for 
seven long years, and the Baireuth 
dragoons were again called into the 

Friedrich had never before known 
defeat, so that his heart was nearly 
broken by the fatal day at Collin. 
Battle after battle was lost, and his. 
ill success cut him to the quick; grief 

and despair overshadowed his soul 
and it seemed as if the eagle's wings 
were clipped forever. Such was not 
the case, however, for Friedrich 's 
generalship and power were too 
great. He rose out of the lowest 
depths of danger and despair when 
everything seemed lost as the eagle 
mounts on mighty pinions to the sun, 
his victory at Roszbach replacing the 
crown of glory upon his brow. 

After Roszbach Friedrich turned 
his face towards the long suffering 
province of Schlesien. then in the 
hands of the Austrians, and in a field 
near Potsdam faced Prince Karl von 
Lothringeu. who, with three times 
the Prussian force, laughed at Fried- 
rich's advance. The Prussians went 
into battle, however, filled with the 
same desperate courage that ani- 
mated their king, the whole army 
sharing its leader's enthusiasm. The 
Battle of Leuthen was fought on 
December 5, 1757, and upon its 
result depended the fate of Prussia. 
With that conviction burning within 
them the troops of Friedrich fought 
desperately and the day was soon 
theirs beyond dispute. The right 
wing of the Austrian army still 
held its ground, however, and the 
Prussian left had all it could do. 
General von Driesen opposed the 
Baireuth dragoons with his cavalry 
but was routed and put to flight. 
F'urther in the rear, however, near 
the windmills of Leuthen, the Aus- 
trian regiments of Wallis and Dur- 
lach made a last brave stand and 
General von Meyer and his Bai- 
reuth dragoons charged them. That 
charge routed the last of the Aus- 
trians; Friedrich was master of the 
field, and the enemy was in flight. 

Nieht came all too soon for the 



victorious host. Zieten and his gal- 
lant troops pursued the flying frag- 
ments of what had so lately been the 
proud Austrian army, while the rest 
of the Prussian troops remained upon 
the battlefield exhausted and bat- 
tle-stained. Friedrich started in ad- 
vance with a small escort to spend 
the night at Lissa, and the whole 
army soon followed him. As they 
rode forward through the dark 
solemn night the voice of a grena- 
dier was lifted up in song and the 
whole battalion joined him. the 
sound rolling like a mighty billow 
from mouth to mouth and from 
regiment to regiment until thou- 
sands of voices rang forth from the 
bloody field of battle, rising to 
God's throne in the song of praise: 

" Now thank we all our God, 
With hearts and hands and voices. 
Who wondrous things has done. 
In whom the world rejoices; 
Who from our mothers' arms 
Hath blessed us on our way 
With countless gifts of love. 
And still is ours to-day." 

Great things indeed had the 
Almighty done for Prussia's king, 
for Prussia's army, and for her peo- 
ple. "God has done it," was the 
victor's answer to the congratulations 
of his generals. 

Generous and hearty were the 
thanks with which the king rewarded 
the brave troops who had won for 
him such a signal victory. He per- 
sonally ordered the promotions and 

the rewards of them all from the 
field marshals down to the youngest 
man in the ranks, and Jobst von Reut- 
lingen again came to his majesty's 
attention. This time he did not 
separate himself from his troop dur- 
ing the charge, but, seeing his cap- 
tails fall from his horse severely 
wounded, he took command of the 
troop himself and rushed upon the 
ene-my with such terrible force that 
the lion's share of the prisoners, 
booty, and standards fell to his com- 
mand. Once more he stood upright 
audi manly before the king, who 
regarded him graciously. 

'Reutlingen, you have once more 
ridden as though possessed by a 
devil. You shall keep the troop. 
See. that you win my approval in the 
future, sir captain. And." contin- 

ued! Friedrieh 

have you not vet 

thoncght of something to ask of me 

o o 

in commemoration of your charge 
at Hohenfriedburg ? Has nothing 
occurred to you yet ? ' ' 

'" No, your majesty; the praise of 
my noble leader and king is still the 
greatest reward to me." 

'- You will think of something in 
tittue and your king has a good mem- 
ory,, remember that." 

So the wild Reutlingen became 
the captain of the troop which he 
loofoed upon as his dearest treasure. 
He "had not yet had an opportunity 
to Lead it to victor}- in a charge, but 
he (had guided it through danger, 
hardship, and bloody wars. In this 
way two years had passed. 


The tramp of the Baireuth dra- their regimental march, dedicated to 

goous resounded through the streets them by the king in commemoration 

of Langenrode. and high above the of the glorious day when his "Caesars 

sound of hoofs rose the strains of of Hohenfriedbursr " won their name 



— a sound that will ever stir to the 
depths the hearts of all belonging to 
that brave regiment. The sounds 
penetrated with fearful distinctness 
the quiet chamber in Langenrode 
abbey in which the sick abbess lay, 
and a feeling of terror pierced the 
heart of I" hike von Trebenow; they 
were actually there at last— the Prus- 
sian soldiers, to whose arrival she 
had looked forward with a deathlike 

The abbess started from the light 
slumber of an invalid, and lifted a 
lustreless glance to her young nurse. 

"Ulrike, what is it^ What is the 
sound of troops that I hear?" 

"It is the Prussian troops, dear 
aunt; I think they are marching 
through," answered Ulrike in a low 
strained voice. 

She pulled the window curtains 
together, and sat down softly with 
folded hands upon the edge of the 
bed, while her heart poured forth a 
silent prayer of agony. No one 
realized the terror with which she 
awaited the approach of these strange 
troops, knowing that she must remain 
by her aunt's side at the mercy of 
these barbarians. Why was not 
Benno von Trautwitz by her side to 
protect her in her hour of need — he 
who was so filled with anxiety for 
her, and for whom she realized she 
was beginning to have almost more 
than cousinly affection ? 

The music ceased, and loud manly 
voices and the stamping of hoofs 
could be heard in the peaceful court- 
yard of the abbey. A troop of the 
Baireuth dragoons had halted there. 
for although the greater part of the 
regiment had been assigned quarters 
in the castle, Reutlingen's troop had 
gone on, ami now stopped beneath 

the abbess's window. The young 
captain's orders were short, clear, 
and decisive. 

''And now I '11 see where we can 
live, gentlemen," he said, turning to 
his officers. " I '11 take a look at this 
old convent. Come with me, Kick- 

The young man whom he called 
stepped quickly to his side, ami they 
walked together through the dried 
chestnut leaves with which the yard 
was strewn. 

"Plow quiet and deserted it is 
here," said Wolf von Kickstadt. 
'"We must try to get this old coffin 
to live in." 

"I hope we shall succeed," an- 
swered Reutlingen. knocking with 
his sabre upon the low, wide door. 
There being no response, he soon 
opened it himself, and beheld before 
him a bare, dusky hall with an arched 
ceiling. In the bow window, not far 
from the door, stood a young girl, 
with reddish golden hair, wearing a 
dainty little apron, and entirely ab- 
sorbed in looking out at the troopers. 
She turned with a startled cry and 
endeavored to flee from the room. 

"Hello, my pretty child. Don't 
run away; we will not hurt you," 
exclaimed the captain. 

The little maid seemed to believe 
this assurance in spite of herself, for 
she stopped and stood blushing and 

"Tell me, little one, who lives in 
this house : to whom must I pay my 
respects ? ' ' 

"The good nuns live here, your 
grace," she answered in a friendly 
voice, "but they have all flown 
before the arrival of the troops. 
Oh, they were so afraid, the poor 
women. Only the good Abbess 



xon Trebenow is still here : she 

didn't run away." 

••The abbess appears to be a 
courageous and sensible ivonian," 
remarked Reutlingen. "Say to her 
that I would like to speak with her." 

"Ah, no sir," the girl answered. 
"The abbess is ill, dangerously ill. 
She can't see any one; no one is 
allowed in her chamber except 
Krauleiti von Trebenow, her niece." 

"A young lady? Her niece? 
Little one. why didn't you tell 
us that at once?" cried Wolf von 
Eickstadt much pleased. '"That is 
so much the better. Tell the young 
lady we would like to see her. We 
await her answer." 

The two men seated themselves 
comfortably upon the old-fashioned 
carved chairs and stretched out their 
heavily booted feet upon the stone 
floor and waited thus for some time 
until the little maid returned some- 
what dejectedly. 

" My young mistress is obliged to 
stay by her aunt's beside and is 
unable to see any one." 

The captain stamped his heel upon 
the floor until the hall rang with 
the echo. 

" Nonsense! I certainly don't ask 
to see her for my own pleasure. 
Go, little one, and say to the young 
lady that I wish to speak with her 
on business and will not trouble 
her long. Tell her that if she 
doesn't come within five minutes I 
shall use less gentle means to 
obtain an interview." 

"Wild one! Is that the way 
you treat women?" remonstrated the 
young lieutenant. 

" Yes ; it is," was the blunt reply. 

A few moments passed, and then 
the dark carved door that led to the 

abbess's apartment opened slowly 
and I'lrike von Trebenow stepped 
into the hall and remained stand- 
ing by the door, her feet refusing 
to caii"}- her farther. Her beautiful 
face was as pale as death, and her 
hand clutched nervously at her dress. 
vShe stood thus like a statue of 
marble while both men bowed low. 

'"Captain von Reutlingen. Lieu- 
tenant von Eickstadt. Have we 
the honor of addressing Fraulein 
von Trebenow? If so, we beg your 
pardon for our rude entrance, but we 
are quartered here by order of his 
majesty the king and so have no 
choice in the matter. Will you be 
kind enough, my dear young lady, 
to accept us as guests in this house"-' 
Von shall be constantly under our 
protection, and will be treated with 
absolute respect." 

Ulrike struggled for breath. 

' ' I am myself a guest in the house, 
she stammered softly, "and have no 
authority here. Do as you like; but 
I pray you, in Heaven's name, spare 
the room in which my aunt lies! 

** I can't see why you should ask 
such a thing." responded the captain 
a little sharply. " when I have already 
promised you the control of all our 
movements. You are at this moment 
mistress of this house, and are in full 
authority ; be kind enough to end 
this discussion and not keep vis wait- 
ing any longer." 

"'Let me speak a moment," said 
Eickstadt, stepping forward. " Pray. 
my dear young lady, do not misun- 
derstand us. We do n't wish to come 
here as intruders, but simply as your 
guests, and we will therefore conform 
to every point of your household 
arrangements. You will soon learn 
that we speak in good faith, and 


that you have nothing 10 fear from 

The mild and pleasant tone in 
which he spoke, and the sunny look 
in his handsome brown exes, made 
the frightened girl's heart leap. with 
joy and relief. She raised her deep 
blue exes and gazed into his face as 
though asking for protection. 

" You must n't be afraid of us, 
my dear young lady," he continued 
laughingly, "for our neighbors have 
always looked upon us as pretty good 
fellows. We are at this moment 
tired and hungry though, and there- 
fore a little impatient. We have 
camped in fearful!}' bail quarters for 
the last week, and so we are now 

doubly glad of the shelter of this 
noble old abbey. Will you kindly 

give me your arm and show me the 
rooms that will be placed at our dis- 
posal ? Stay here, Reutlingen ; I 
will tell yon what I find later." 

The two departed, and the captain 
again took his seat. 

"Foolish girl, to be so frightened !" 
he murmured to himself. 

Two hours biter six officers and 
two sub-lieutenants sat around the 
great dining-table in the abbey re- 
fectory together, and emptied their 
glasses to the health of the charming- 
young hostess whose word had con- 
jured up such a repast as had not 
passed their lips for many a day. 


Conducted by Fred Gowing, State Superintendent or' Public Instruction, 


Ily Richard 11'. Shapleigh, of the Somersworih School Hoard. 

The history of public schools in 
Somersworth begins with this vote of 
a parish meeting. December n, 1733: 

''Voted that the selectmen have 
power to raise one hundred ninety- 
four pounds money, to pay Mr. Pike 
(the minister) his salary, his fire- 
wood, the School, the selectmen, and 
Clerk and Collector." 

July 2, 1734. it was. — 

"Voted that Hereulus Moouey be 
the schoolmaster here for one month 
(Viz) from July 4 to Augt. 4 1734 
next ensuing at Three pounds fifteen 
shillings per month, voted that Capt. 
Wallingford and Mr. Philip Stack- 
pole be the men that Joyn with the 

selectmen at the months end above- 
to agree with the said Moouey or any 
other suitable person to keep school 
for the Residue of this Sumer and 

In 1735 thirty pounds were raised 
for a schoolmaster, and Mr. Jonathan 
Scrugham held that office. 

In 1737 the parish voted to raise 
sixty pounds for a schoolmaster, and 
Mr. John Sullivan was elected to be 
master for the ensuing year. At the 
\iine time he was voted thirty shil- 
lings for sweeping and taking care 
of the meeting-house. Mr. Sullivan 
was the founder in this country of 
the Sullivan family, long and promi- 



nently known in New Hampshire 
Tlie parish of Soxuersworth was 

set off from Dover by an act "past 
to be enacted " by the General Assem- 
bly. December 19, 1729. The first 
settlement appears to have been made 
at Rollins ford Junction about 1700, 
and during the early history of the 
parish and town, public institutions, 
including the church and school- 
house, were located there. 

such responsibility upon the four 
districts into which the town had 
been divided the preceding year. 

Of these, the North or Xo. 1 district 
comprised the most of what i.^ now 
Soinersworth, or, to be more exact, 
the territory lying north of a line 
from the north end of Hussey's pond, 
by the Davis place to the Indigo Mill 
road, by that highway to the Downs 
brook, and by that brook to the 
Salmon Palls river. 


''' % 


.« u > 



' "■•'..- 

T^wst SFwis 

ji • > J S 

^ r ~' : ' '•' 

t- «•» -*~<~ 

The Orange Street Sc-ocl-house. 

It would • be interesting to record 
the sums appropriated in those early 
days for school purposes, but the 
limits of this sketch forbid. It is 
worthy of mention, however, that 
they were liberal for that time, and 
showed the same high regard for the 
value of education that still obtains 
in this community. 

Until 1794 the selectmen engaged 
the schoolmasters for the town. At 
that time a vote was passed placing 

The development of the water 
power at Great Falls was begun in 
1S22, and the changes in that vicin- 
ity led, in 1824. to another arrange- 
ment for schools, which doubled the 
number of districts and included the 
village in historic District Xo. 3. 

Numerous school-houses have ac- 
commodated the youth of this dis- 
trict, each one, in point of conven- 
ience, an improvement upon its pre- 
decessor. The erection of substantial 



buildings began with the brick struc- 
ture on Orange street, which was 
built about 1831 and stood more than 
forty years. Tin's was a plain struc- 
ture, tall and narrow, of the old-fash- 
ioned, corporation style, containing 
four rooms, and is well remembered 
by even the younger people of Som- 
ersworth. It was torn down, the 
original lot extended by acquiring 
land and removing a number of 
houses, and in 1873— 75 the large, 
ornamental wooden school-house 
shown in the engraving was con- 
structed at a cost of $45,000. The 
new building was arranged for four 
school-rooms and a school-hall. In 
1S87 it became necessary to convert 
the hall into two school-rooms, so 
that the building now contains six 
rooms, in each of which the studies 
of a single grade are taught. Exten- 
sive changes are now in progress 
which will thoroughly modernize this 

The Prospect street, or as it was 
called for many years, the ''Grave- 
yard" school-house, was built about 
1841, and received its peculiar name 
from an adjacent burying-ground, 
since removed. This school-house 
was remodelled in 1^91, and is new 
used for an ungraded school, cover- 
ing the work of the first three pri- 
mary years. 

The southerly part of Great Fall- 
village has, since 1844, been accom- 
modated by school-houses on Union 
(then Broad) and Green streets. In 
that year a one-story brick school- 
house containing two rooms was 
erected upon land on Broad street 
bought of the Great Falls Manufac- 
turing Company for 5225. In a very 
short time there was need of more 
school-rooms, and in March, 1846, 

the district elected a committee to 
report on the location and cost of 
another school-house. This action 
resulted in building the old Green 
street school-house, on plans similar 
to those of the house on Broad street. 
These two buildings stood, substan- 
tially in their' original form, until 
1890, when they were torn down and 
replaced by ,a fine, modern brick 

" "If! 

• ■ 

7 _i.JP! 

— /.< 


The Union School Buiidir.g. 

school-house, costing 520,000. Six 
rooms were at once finished, fur- 
nished, and occupied. In 1893- '94 
two more rooms were finished and oc- 
cupied, completing the building. This 
school-house is ventilated, lighted, 
and thoroughly equipped according 
to late methods of sanitation and con- 

At a special meeting of the dis- 
trict held September 28. 1848, it 
was voted to adopt the ' ' Somersworth 
Act," so called, which had been passed 
by the general court in June preced- 
ing, for the benefit of "School Dis- 
trict Xo. p, in Somersworth." Such 
action enabled that district to estab- 



lish a high school, and by deed dated 
Xoveraber 14, 1848, forthe considera- 
tion of a lot containing two 
acres and (our square rods, where 

the high school now stands, was 
conveyed by the Horn heirs to the 
district. The school-house, which 
is still in excellent condition, was 
immediately erected at an expense 
of S10.536.S9. A high school has 
been maintained in this building ever 
since its completion. Its site, on the 
summit of Prospect hill, is one of the 
finest in this part of the state, com- 
manding a view northward to Mount 
Washington and south-easterly nearly 
to the sea. The lower part of this 
building is occupied by the higher 
grades of the grammar school. 

The Woodvale school was author- 
ized in March, 1865. and was at first 
held in a room furnished free by the 
Great Falls Woolen Company. The 
building which the school now occu- 
pies was provided six years later. 

The remaining distiicts of the 
town, being sparse!}' settled, main- 
tained small, ungraded schools, which 
have recently been closed and trans- 
portation furnished the pupils to the 
better equipped schools of the city. 

The plan of a system of grades 
embracing all the schools was urged 
in district Xo. 3 as early as 1846, 
and this district was among the first 
in the state to adopt free text- 
books. Somersworth has always been 
strongly in favor of good schools and 
has made liberal appropriations for 
maintaining such. The general in- 
terest felt here in the success of edu- 
cation may be noted by reference to 
the lists of committees appointed to 
execute resolutions of the various 
school meetings. There will be 
found recorded the names of leading 

citizens from every walk of life, 
whose well directed efforts have kept 
the schools in touch with advanced 
educational standards. One of these, 
the late Capt. Isaac Chandler, who 
was for more than thirty years chair- 
man of the prudential committee of 
district Xo. 3, by bequest established 
a memorial fund to be used for the 
purchase of reference books and 
apparatus for the schools. 

The Somersworth Act was not only 
the foundation upon which was 
builded the high school in this town, 
but it embodied the principle that 
enabled and stimulated small com- 
munities all over the state to un- 
dertake the support of advanced 

The Somersworth high school was 
organized April 8, 1S50, and marked 
a decided advance in the public 
school system of the county. The 
schools of the town were re-arranged 
to meet new and improved conditions 
and the result was better instruction 
and more of it. The county shared 
the benefit by the stimulus of the 
first meeting of the Strafford County 
Teachers' Institute, which was held 
in the new high school room at the 
clo^e of the first fall term, with an 
attendance of one hundred fifty eight 
teachers and students. The success 
of this institute was remarkable 
because it furnished the inspiration 
that led the teachers of the vicinity 
to break away from the antiquated 
usages of the country schools and 
to adopt instead, improved methods 
of instruction. 

The high school has had seventeen 
masters. It was begun under Paul 
Chadbourne, afterwards president of 
Williams college, a man of lare quali- 
ties of mind and a fine teacher. He 



was followed by Nathaniel Hills ; 
Henry K. Sawyer; William H. Far- 
rar, a respected citizen and always an 
enthusiastic mathematician and edu- 
cator; A. M. Wheeler; J. V. Stan- 
ton; George K. Harriman ; Edwin 
Emery ; Joseph F. Fielden ; David A. 
Anderson ; James P. Dixon, who was 
master ten years, the longest term, 
and left Somersw T orth to make the 
same record as principal of Colby 
academy; Frank \V. Rollins ; I.Chase 
Libby; J. W. V. Rich; Henry S. 
Roberts; Elmer Case; and J. M. 
Russell, under whose able manage- 
ment the school is at present con- 

In 1893 the city of Somersworth 
was incorporated. Its charter vests 
the control of its schools in a board 
of nine members. William F. Rus- 
sell, chairman of the board since its 
organization, is a leading lawyer of 
the city, who has always been inter- 
ested in the welfare of its schools, 
and has labored for their improve- 
ment. Pie was chairman of the town 
superintending committee for three 
years, i883-'86, and is well qualified 
for his position. The other members 
of the board are,— William E. Pierce, 
John C. Lothrop, Henry H. Went- 
worth, James A. Con ley, Rev. J. 
Duddy, Mark A. Kearns, George F. 
Hill, and Richard W. Shapleigh. 

As in other departments of her 
municipal government, the enlarged 
powers granted by a city charter have 
resulted in some needed changes in 
that of public instruction. The plan 
of one grade in each room has been 
adopted with excellent results. The 
requirements from both teachers and 
pupils have been, and must continue 
to be, increased in order to maintain 
the graduates of these schools upon 

an equality with pupils from neigh- 
boring schools and academies. 

Within a short distance of Somers- 
worth are a number of flourishing fit- 
ting schools of high rank, several of 
them having large endowments, yet 
the public schools of this city have 
retained nearly all the pupils pursu- 
ing studies preparatory to a course at 
college or a scientific school. The 
grammar school, of which Mr. J. D. 
Montgomery has been for more than 
ten years master, gives a diploma to 
pupils completing its full course. A 
large percentage of such pupils enter 
the high school, where they ma} - pur- 
sue either of the courses of a thorough 
preparatory public school. Certifi- 
cates of graduation from the high 
school admit without examination to 
Dartmouth, Wellesley, and other col- 
leges, and the collegiate rank of the 
graduates of this school warrants us 
in saying that the instruction here 
given lays a solid foundation for 
higher education. 

The enrolment in the public schools 
of this city last year was 1,361. The 
parochial school of St. Martin's 
Roman Catholic parish has an at- 
tendance of between two and three 
hundred, making a total enrolment 
in public and private schools of about 
1,600. The net cost of maintaining 
public schools during the past year 
was 517,427.50. The estimates for 
the current year are for about an 
equal amount. 

Education is an underlying cause 
of the striking social changes now in 
progress all over the world. Nothing 
less than a public sentiment per- 
meated by the mighty leaven of pop- 
ular education can complete the great 
and important work already begun. 
We are most deeply concerned in the 



welfare of our own country, the land 
of free schools and free institutions. 
The education of the masses of our 
people has done and is doing more 
than any one force to induce and per- 

tory. The schools of every commu- 
nity, however small, have a part in 
this important work. Somersworth's 
educational record has truly been an 
enviable one, but her citizens will not 

feet tile splendid moral reforms that be content unless the new city sur- 
are making these closing years of the passes the achievements of the old 
century an epoch in our national his- town. 



Elijah Boyden was born in Marlborough. August 15, 1814, and died there 
November 29. He was appointed postmaster at the age of eighteen years, and 
was engaged in general trade until iS;2. From 1854 to i860 he was mail agent 
between Boston and Burlington. He was president of the day at the Marlborough 
centennial, a director of the Citizens' National bank, Keene, and a vice-president 
of the Keene Five Cent Savings bank. 


William T. Parker was born in Clethorps r England, November 10, 1822, and 
died in Merrimack, November 30. He came 10 America in boyhood, and from 
18 42 to 1867 was engaged in business in Nashua. Pie represented Merrimack in 
the house of representatives in iS59-'6o. and in i866-'67, was a member of the 
state senate, and its president in the latter year. For years he was president of 
the state convention of the Universalists, and was foi seven years chairman of the 
general convention of the denomination. He had been an Odd Fellow for fifty 
years, and a Mason since 1S55, having taken the thirty-second degree. 


John Mills Browne was born in Plinsdale, May 10, 183 1, and died in Washing- 
ton, D. C, December 5. Dr. Browne attained the grade of surgeon-general of 
the navy, but he is best known as the surgeon of the Kearsarge in her victorious 
battle with the Confederate ram Alabama. He wrote the 
account of the battle for the Century Magazine s war series. 
He was graduated in medicine from Harvard in 1S52, 
entered the navy as an assistant surgeon the next year, and 
performed his first duty on board the storeship Warren 
at Sancelito, opposite San Francisco. For several years he 
was attached to the United States Coast Survey steamer 
Active in the Pacific. In 1857 he was occupied in work 
connected with determining the North-west boundary, and 
the next year, while on board the Dvlphin, he participated in the capture by that 
vessel of the biig Echo, with three hundred slaves, en route to the Cuban mar- 


ket. In 1859 he was on board the Constellation, which was engaged in suppress- 
ing the African slave trade off the Congo, and from 1S61 to 1864 he served as 
surgeon of the Kearsarge. In 1S69 Dr. Browne superintended the erection of the 
Naval Hospital at Mare Island, Oal.. and was in charge of that institution until 
1S71, when he served as fleet surgeon of the Pacific squadron. He attained the 
rank of medical inspector in 1S7S, and served as president of the Medical Exam- 
ining Board in Washington and as a member of the Board of Visitors to the 
Naval academy. In the International Medical Congress, held in London in 1881, 
Dr. Browne was the naval representative of the United States. From 1SS2 to 
1S85 he was in charge of the Museum of Hygiene, and during part of that period 
served as a member of the National Board of Health, and also in 18S4 again rep- 
resented the United States abroad as the naval representative at the Copenhagen 
International Medical Congress. He attained the position of chief of the Naval 
Bureau of Medicine and Surp;erv, with the title of surgeon-general, and the rela- 
tive rank of commodore in iSSS, was reappointed in 1892, and was retired in 
1S93, having reached the age of sixty-two years. 


Sylvester Brown was born in Bow in 1S4S, and was instantly killed by a train 
at Wollaston, Mass.. November 30. He graduated from Colby academy, New 
London in 1S71, and became principal of the Dunbarton High school. In 1S72 
he was appointed master in Manchester: 1876, principal of the Quincy school, 
Atlantic, Ma^s. ; 1S7S, of Willard school, West Quincy, Mass. ; 1S79, of a school 
in Brookline, Mass. ; 1SS0, superintendent of schools of Quincy, Mass.: 1883, 
master of Martin school, Boston, and continued until his death. He resided in 
Wollaston, and is survived by a widow and three childen. He was a member of 
the Masonic fraternity. 


George Hall was born in Mason, January 1, 1S31, and died in Leominster, 
Mass., December 15. He learned the cabinet-maker's trade in Nashua, and in 
1864 engaged in business in Leominster as a member of the firm of Merriam, 
Hall & Co., in which he was highly successful, tie had represented Leominster 
in the legislature, and was a director in banks in that town and in Fitchburg. 
He leaves a family. 


George Jewett was born in Rindge, April 28, 1S25, and died in Fitchburg, Mass., 
'December 16. He was educated at Appleton Academy in New Ipswich and in 
Hancock, and at the Vermont Medical College in Woodstock, at the Berkshire 
Medical College from which he graduated in 1847, and at Harvard Medical Col- 
lege. He practised his profession at Bald win ville. Mass., 1847— '53 : at Gardner, 
Mass., i853-'5S ; and at Fitchburg from the latter year until his death. He 
enlisted as assistant surgeon, Tenth Massachusetts volunteer infantry, in January, 
1862, and was later commissioned as surgeon of the Fifty-first Massachusetts vol- 
unteers, serving until July 29. 1863. After the war he served for many years as 
surgeon of the Tenth Massachusetts infantry, resigning in 1S72. Dr. Jewett was 


president of the Worcester North Medical Society, 1S77 -'7S, and vice-president of 
ihe Massachusetts Medical Society. i8S8-'89. He was a member of the United 
States examining board of surgeons, 1866 '85 and 1889 -'93; a member of the 
school board 1869 -'76, and was for a number of years president of the Fitchburg 
board of trade. He was twice married and is survived by one son. Walter K. 
Jewett, M. I)., of Fitchburg. 


Joseph L. Shipley was born in Londonderry, March 31, 1836, and died in 
Springfield, Mass., December 17. He learned the carpen- 

ater's trade when a young man. until he saw an opportunity 
r> to attend college; fitted for college at Kimball Union Acad- 

jaggi emy, at Meriden, entered Yale, and was graduated from that 

\/*%S f'9 institution in 1S61. After two years spent in teaching 

j . '" ' \ school lie became a member of the Springfield Republican 

f/J •. X"i staff, being on the telegraph desk during the exciting days 

, : . t j r-j j of the Civil War. when news by wire was full of thrilling 

■ Y ' r y^ interest. Subsequently he was editorial writer on the Bos- 

ton Journal ; managing editor of the Scran ton (Pa.) Repub- 
lican; editor of the Allentown (Pa.) Register and Chronicle; editor of the Taun- 
ton (Mass.) Gazette; and for twenty years (ending in 1892), editor of the Spring- 
field (Mass.) Union, the latter journal's present enviable position being due in a 
great measure to his efforts. In 1S93 he was elected to the Massachusetts legis- 
lature and unanimously renominated and reelected in 1894. He leaves a widow. 


Horatio Kimball was born in Hopkinton. September 19, 182 1, and died in 
Keene, December 20. He received an academic education and learned the 
printer's trade in the office of the Nashua Gazette, pursuing the business of 
printer and publisher in Nashua until 185 1. In 1S51 he purchased the Cheshire 
Republican at Keene, and conducted it successfully until 1S65. when he retired 
from business on account of impaired health. He was a member of the first 
board of aldermen of Keene in 1874, and was reelected in 1879, anc ^ Nvas elected 
mayor in 18S0, 1SS3, 18S4, and 1891. He is survived by two sons. 


Napoleon B. Gale was born in Gilmanton, March 3, 18 15, and died in Laconia, 
December 21. He was educated at Sanbornton and Gilmanton academies, and 
was engaged in mercantile pursuits and farming until 1852, when he entered the 
Belknap County bank, becoming cashier in the following year, and president of 
the Belknap Savings bank, which succeeded it upon the expiration of its charter 
in 1866, holding the office until his death. Mr. Gale represented Belmont in the 
legislature in 1867-68 and Laconia in i8S5-'S6. 


John B. Batchelder was born in Gilmanton. September, 1S25, and died in Hyde 
Bark, Mass., December 22. He is well known as the government historian of the 


Battle of Gettysburg. Shortly after the battle he went on to the field by order of 
the United States authorities, and began what proved his life work, for he had 
ever since been collating the facts and writing out the history of this conflict. It 
fills thousands of pages and i> unfinished. He had traversed the field day after 
day, and from personal interviews with the men engaged on both sides in that bat- 
tle he could tell any combatant just where his place was in that great struggle. 
He could point out the actual place that every regiment, Union or Confederate, 
occupied in the great struggle. Beside the writing he has done for the govern- 
ment, he is the author of several publications, including -'The Illustrated Tourist's 
Guide," '* Gettysburg ; What to See and How to See It," " Geometrical Drawing 
of the Gettysburg Battlefield," " Descriptive Key to the Painting of Longstreet's 
Assault of Gettysburg," " Historical Paintings of the Battle of Gettysburg," " Last 
Hours of Lincoln," and " Popular Resorts and How to Reach Them." Colonel 
Batchelder has resided in Hyde Park about twenty years. Colonel Batchelder mar- 
ried in early life Miss Elizabeth B. Stevens, of Nottingham, who survives him. 


Moulton II. Marston, of Sandwich, was born in Moultonborough, January S, 
1806, and died in Concord, December 25. He received a limited education, and 
at an early age embarked on a business career in which he was highly successful. 
He was town clerk of Sandwich ten years, postmaster many years, member of the 
legislature, county treasurer i84S-'5o, and councillor 1875— '76. Pie was president 
of the Carroll County National Bank and of the Sandwich Savings Bank for long 
terms. He is survived by three daughters and a son. 


Ezra P. Howard was born in Wilton, July 2, 1S1S, and died in Nashua. Decem- 
ber 10. He was a carpenter by trade, but was for many years engaged in the man- 
ufacture of cardboard at Washington, and represented that town in the legislature 
in 1867 and 186S. Pie had resided in Nashua since 1869. and had been a mem- 
ber of the firm of McQuesten & Co. Pie leaves one son. Mayor-elect J. W. How- 
ard of Nashua, and a daughter. 


Edwin T. Hubbard was born in Hiram. Me., and died in Rochester, December 
14. aged 41 years. Pie graduated from Dartmouth Medical College in 1S76, began 
practice at Madison, and had been located at Rochester for the past ten years, 
serving as city physician and member of the state board of health. 


• •- 




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The Gem of the Ashuelot Valley: A Sketch of Keene, Thomas 

C. Rand 

Tin: HOME OF THRASIDAMUS (A translation from Theocritus), Bela 

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Wild Reutlingen. A Romance of the Time of the Great King 

(Translated from the German of Hans Werder). Agatha B. E. 

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Marguerite, Edward A. Jenks 

The New Hampshire State Library, Harry B. Metcalf 

Educational Department, Fred Gowiag 

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The Granite Monthly for March. 1895 


A Sketch of the City of Franklin 

The Manchester Press Clip. 


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^ -K«srt j 






The Granite Monthly. 

Vol. XVIII. 





By Thomas C. Kand. 


X attempting the task of 
writing a readable article 
descriptive of one of New 
Hampshire's favored cities, 
the author is compelled to 
bear in mind the fact that 
the limit of space in the pub- 
lication for which it is prepared 
precludes the possibility of giv- 
ing more than a cursory glance at 
its chief features and characteristics 
at the present day, however great the 
temptation to enter into its early his- 
tory and give a detailed account of 
its growth and prosperity from the 
date of its first settlement as a town 
up to the present time. The hard- 
ships endured by the early settlers, 
their successful struggles to maintain 
possession of the granted territory, 
and the subsequent events in the 
town's earh' history have been so 
often recounted by other writers, and 
are so familiar to the local public, 
that a repetition of the story- in this 
connection seems entirely unneces- 
sary and superfluous; therefore the 
Keene of to-day must be the prin- 
cipal theme of this article, with 

occasional allusions to events in the 
past and to former individual citi- 
zens who took part in them. 

The territory- known as Keene for 
more than one hundred and forty 
years was granted by Massachusetts 
as L'pper Ashuelot, April 20, 1733. 
but the few settlers who located here 
thus early were soon compelled to 
abandon their homes on account of 
the depredations and hostility of the 
Indians. It was again occupied by 
white settlers in 1750, and incorpo- 
rated as Keene. April 11, 1753. the 
name being given in honor of Sir 
Benjamin Keene. 

The grant embraced a large sec- 
tion of the present town of Sullivan, 
which was set off in 1787, and the 
western portion of what is now the 
town of Roxbury, which latter town 
was incorporated in 1812.' The sec- 
tions thus taken from Keene com- 
prised no small fraction of her area, 
yet they were spared ungrudgingly 
and without detriment to the material 
interests of the town beyond a slight 



.... ^ 

• v • 


■ . * 





Park in Central Sa^s 

but temporary diminution in the 
number of inhabitants, and a corre- 
sponding reduction in the amount 
of property on which taxes were 

From year to year thereafter the 
town grew in population and wealth, 
although no single year was ever 
marked by any phenomenal growth 
in either of these directions. Wise 
and judicious management of public 
affairs characterized her career up to 
the time of the transition from a town 
to a municipal form of government, 
since when there has been a gradual 
improvement, even in this regard, 
until Keene has become one of the 
best governed cities in New Hamp- 

The city charter was adopted in 
March, 1873, after having been once 
rejected by the voters, many of whom 
doubted the expediency of the pro- 
posed change. From that time date 
many of the improvements and pub- 
lic conveniences now seen on every 
hand. Previously the town had pro- 
vided a partial supply of water for 
the use of residents of the village, 

but aside from this there were only 
the ordinary furnishings of a well 
governed country town. 

One of the first important measures 
adopted by the city government, and 
one most successfully carried out, 
was the establishment of a sewer- 
age system on the Waring plan, 
which has proved of incalculable 
benefit to the people living in the 
central part of the city. The line of 
sewerage traverses all the principal 
streets and the greater portion of the 
highways located within a radius of 
a mile from city hall. The under- 
taking seemed a gigantic one, as 
it involved a great expenditure of 
money and placed a heavy debt upon 
the city. The wisdom of the officials 
having charge of the enterprise has. 
however, been clearly demonstrated 
in the improved condition and en- 
hanced value of all real estate along 
the lines of the sewer and in the bet- 
tered condition of the health of the 
general public throughout the city. 

An additional supply of water was 
the next important matter taken in 
hand by the city government. Rights 



and privileges in a fine bod}' of pure 
water were secured in the town of 
Roxbury, four miles distant, and an 
ample supply of water tor domestic 
and fire purposes was provided. A 
commodious stone reservoir was built 
on Beech hill, whence water is dis- 
tributed through nearly all the 
streets in sufficient volume to meet 
all ordinary requirements and pro- 
vide adequate protection against fire. 
The cost of this system of water sup- 
ply was quite large, increasing the 
city debt many thousand dollars, yet 
it lias proved an excellent investment, 
yielding as it does a large interest on 
the money expended, besides afford- 
ing a water supply to the inhabitants 
of the city proper at a moderate cost 
and amply protecting against confla- 

The fire department has also been 
completely remodelled to conform to 
the changed condition of the water 
supply, and the city can boast of as 
fine apparatus and as efficient fire- 
men as can be found in any place of 
its size in New England. Commo- 

dious buildings have been erected for 
the housing of steamers and other fire 
apparatus as well as for the accom- 
modation of members of the depart- 
ment and the stabling of the city 
teams. Indeed, it is conceded on all 
hands that, with an abundant supply 
of water and a well equipped fire de- 
partment, a disastrous conflagration 
is now almost an impossibility in 

The improvement of the condition 
of the public roads and streets next 
claimed the attention of the city offi- 
cials, who diligently sought to per- 
fect and beautify them. At first 
much of the work in this department 
was of an experimental nature and 
therefore somewhat disappointing. 
Xow. however, a successful system is 
in operation which bids fair to give 
us the best roads in the country, 
while our concreted sidewalks and 
street crossings are luxuries which 
no one can fail to appreciate. Sev- 
eral of the principal thoroughfares 
have been macadamized, and a few 
short sections of streets are covered 

. - • I 




■ ■ 




^ "M 

The East Side of CcVal Scare. 



with granite pavement. The city 
owns an inexhaustible granite quarry, 
where a steam stone-crusher is em- 
ployed in preparing material for mac- 

and public spirit have ever been in 
keeping with his masterly judgment 

in financial affairs and his able man 
agement of a large estate. His noble 
adamizing purposes. It also owns a gift to the city is appreciated by all, 
steam road-roller, which, docs effec- and his name will be perpetuated as 
live work in the construction and that of a generous benefactor and a 
repair of highways. The principal sympathizer with unfortunate human- 
streets are illuminated at night by ity. 

electric lights, while many of those The city is also in possession of a 

which are travelled less are lighted tine site for a library building:, sit- 


with gas. 


all these costly im- 

• ft s 
provements. the m- •Mf 

debtedness of the fc v 

city is not burden- '" . 

some, nor is it larger U . 

than that of most Y\ | 

other municipalities __ u 

of its class, while j - 1 

the rate of taxation •. -, f 

is below that of auy .... . 

other city in the | 

state. The total M ■ : 

valuation of taxable ^-. t 

property for the year i 

i S94 was $6,483- 

66S. The rate of 

taxation is Si .33 

per 5 1 00. These 

facts are significant, 

and go to prove 

that our municipal 

affairs are con- 

uated north of and 
\ \y/ : ' '^f, adjoining the city 
. ~? hall property. This, 
j too, was a gilt to 
the city from Henry 
O. Coolidge. Esq., 
who, with certain 
j restrictions w hich 
u make it available 
a for a library site 
I only, donated the 
I property in the ex- 
I pectation that a 
prior gift from the 
J estate of the late 
"-, John Symonds, Esq., 

• - 

-' ' ' '. .-..'. for the purpose 
: - , erecting a Hbr 

b u i Id i n g , would 

soon enable the 
authorities to pro- 
ceed with the work 
contem plated b y 
Mr. Symonds. The 
ducted by men of integrity and good fact that unavoidable complications 
judgment. The present population have delayed the carrying out of the 

generous donors 

.... . ^ ' '■. 

Soldiers' Monument and City Hail. 

designs of these 

is estimated to be in excess of 8,000. 

The public buildings belonging to should not detract from the debt of 
the city consist principally of a fine gratitude which the citizens owe 

them. Idie day is not very far dis- 
tant, as now appears, when the beau- 
tiful library site will be occupied by 
a building of which the citizens will 
feel proud. 

Other valuable real estate owned 

large block, on the east side of Cen- 
tral square, in which are located the 
city offices, and a hospital building 
near the south end of Main street, 
the latter being a gift to the city from 
lion. J. II. Elliot, whose liberality 


by the city consists of several tracts 
of woodland donated by individuals 
for the purpose of converting them 

\t ji 






P. We!! man. 

land,, situated a mile and a half 
west of the citv hall, and known as 

Gen. S. G. Griffin. 

"Wheeloek Park 

taking its name 

into parks for the free use of citizens. 
The principal one of these lots com- 
prises some twenty-two acres of plain 




Nr / 


Gen. James Wilson. 

George A. Wheeloc'<, Esu. 

from the generous giver, George A. 

Wheeloek, Esq., whose efforts to 
beautify the town by planting and 





. • 

. . • 


Lane's and Gu-r.sey's Blocks. 

preserving shade trees have charac- 
terized his whole life and made him 
a public benefactor. The gift of this 
property was a noble act on the part 
of Mr. Wheelock, who is never more 
happy than when mingling with the 
pleasure parties so often gathered in 
this park on a summer's day. 

Another valuable gift to the city 



^ " 



consists of eighteen acres of wood- 
land situated near Wheelock park, 
on the opposite side of the highway 



Hon. John T. Abno't. 

Hon. Ho'3t'0 Colon) 

It was conveyed to the city by the 

late Mis> Caroline Ingersoll, whose 
many public and private benefactions 
art well remembered by our citizens. 
Tin grounds arc known as " Ladies' 
Park." They arc well adapted to 


the purpose designed by Miss Inger- 
soll, and are almost daily visited in 
the summer season by picnic parties 
and individuals who enjoy outdoor 

"Dinsmoor Woods," lying halt a 


\ ^ 




Hon. Edward Gusl 

Hon. R. H. Porter. 

heavily wooded land, and to the lib- 
erality and public spirit of Miss Mary 
Dinsmoor and her lady associates is 
the public indebted for the preserva- 
tion, and free use of this beautiful 

mile north of the parks above men 
tioned, on both sides of Maple ave 
nue, consists of eighteen acres of on Beech hill, and with the " Child 

"City Park," containing fifteen 
acres, is situated near the reservoir 





LJLJ^ . 

i .' , \\\\ 111!- 

j ! 
j • 


Cneshire Ho^'.e ino Lane ^ 8loc« 







! :■-. n 


, f 

High School Building. 

ren's Woods" adjoining, consisting 
of twelve acres of woodland, was 
secured for the perpetual use of the 

servatory, called the "Horatian Tow- 
er," and laid out the surrounding 

grounds in a most attractive manner. 
It is a lovely spot, and is destined to 
become the favorite resort of many 
Keene people during the summer sea- 
son. Similar sightly locations are 
to be found for a distance of more 
than a mile along the summit of this 
hill, while on the opposite side of 
the city, two miles distant, lofty 
eminences, which will eventually be 
occupied as summer residences, afford 
fine views of the surrounding coun- 
try. The drives in the suburbs of 
trie city are also a very attractive 
feature which visitors as well as 
residents never fail to admire. 

The business centre of Keeue 
always presents a neat and tidy 
appearance. The various blocks in 

public through the wise action of the which stores are located are nearly 
city government and the munificence all of -modern architecture, some of 
of Caleb T. BufFum, Esq. them being magnificent in style and 
These parks afford a delightful o>£ imposing dimensions. Among 
retreat for many a citizen who is those of recent construction or re- 
unable to take extended trips to the modelled on modern plans are Bank 
mountains or seashore, and together bliock, Colony's block, Bridgman's 
with the beautiful and well kept park block, and Stone's block, on the 
in Central square, are a priceless east side of the square; Clarke's 

boon to the whole community. 
There ar^ many other attrac- 
tive localities within the city 
limits where the natural scenery 
presents the most lovely views. 
Some of these overlook the 
broad plain on which the city 
is built, and give a magnificent 
view of neighboring villages, 
tlie Ashuelot valley, Monadnock 
and Ascutney mountains, and 
other objects which cannot fail 
to interest the beholder. Such 
a place is found at the summit 
of Beech hill, where Mr. H. L. 
Goodnow has erected an ob- 

block on the north ; Lane's block, 


'• • 


School SUeet School 



■ - . 

The county building occupies 
a fine location near the head 
of the square, presenting an 
imposing appearance. A few- 
rods west of it. on Winter 
street, stands the elegant high 
school building ; and on Wash- 
ington street, in plain view 
from the square, is found the 
new jail. All these are of 
modern construction, and each 
makes a fine picture. 

Six church spires are conspic- 
uous in the heart of the city, 
while another, as yet incomplete. 
Gerould's building, and the Ashue- rises above the fine family residence- 
lot Bank block on the west ; while of Washington street. The Young 
below the square we find on the east Men's Christian Association has also 
side Cheshire House block. Lane's just dedicated a splendid new build- 
two blocks, and Gurnsey's building, ing, the first of the kind erected in 
the latter to have an addition next New Hampshire by a .similar organ- 
year equal in size to the present ization. 


- ~_ w - ■ ■• ' " 


i ■ _ - ' 

_ - 

The New Ur 

■ li ' 
itariar. Church. 

structure ; on the west side below 
the square we have Elliot's build- 
ing, Buffum's block, Cheshire Bank 
building, Wright's block, Lamson's 
block, and the Sentinel building. 
All these are first-class buildings, 
while others in their immediate 
vicinity, although not so modern in 
style, are substantial and handsome 
structures. Just off the square, 
on Court street, is a fine build- 
ing, recently erected by the 
First Church society, and oc- 
cupied mainly as a dry goods 
and jewelry store. In these 
blocks and buildings are lo- 
cated most of the retail mer- 
chants, all of whom take pride 
in maintaining neat and at- 
tractive establishments. Not 
a dingy or ill kept ^tore can be 
found here, while some of the 
»>ost elegant stoies in the state 
are conspicuous on every hand. 

Manufacturing establishments are 
quite numerous here. The oldest 
concern of this kind is the Faulkner 
& Colony manufacturing establish- 
ment, Hon. Horatio Colony, presi- 
dent. This firm has been in exist- 
ence for nearly or quite three quarters 
of a century. It is one of the most 
reliable manufaeturinc: concerns in 


\ < < . 


St. Bernard's Catholic CI 



Hon. E. C. Tnayer. 

the country, and the products of its 
mills (flannels and dress goods) have 
always stood high in the market. 

Xims, Whitney & Co. have exten- 
sive manufacturing works on Me- 
chanic street, where they turn out 
doors, sash, and blinds in large quan- 
tities. This, too, is an old establish- 
ment, having been in operation more 
than forty years. 

On the same street, is the manu- 
factory of the Impervious Package 





Residence of Hon. E. C, 

Company, whose goods find a ready 
market. Hon. A. T. Batchelder is 
president of the company. 

The Keene Glue Company. Osgood 
\V. ITphain, president, manufacture 
glue in large quantities and of supe- 
rior quality at their works on Court 
street, one mile from the square. 

Hon. Samuel W. Hale. 

X. C. Woodbury manufactures 
pails in immense quantities at his 
mill on Washington street. 


Mills corporation, lion. 
J. H. Elliot, president, 
own a valuable manufac- 
turing plant, situated a 
few rods east of Main 
street, near the tracks of 
the Fitchburg and the 
Boston & Maine railroads, 
where they manufacture 
pails in great quantities, 
and carry on an extensive 
business in lumber saw- 
ing, grain grinding, etc.. 
besides furnishing steam 
power for numerous small 



ma n u fact u r i ng estab- 
lishments located in their 
buildings, among which 
may be mentioned the 
box factories of J. M. 
Reed and C. M. Nor- 
wood, botli of which turn 
out fine goods in Large 

Fitchburg Railroad 
repair shops are located 
here, and a large addition 
to their works is soon to 
be made. The present 
equipment of the shops 
enables the company to. turn out first- 
class railway machinery, even to the 
production of a complete locomotive. 

'••" lf^'-" 



Hon. F. C. Faulkner. 

J. & F. French's carriage and 
sleigh factory on Church street is an 
old time establishment which has an 
excellent reputation all through New 
England. Its products are the very 
best of the kind in the country. 

T. A. Peart and I. K. Champion, 
under the name of Keene Furniture 


Residence of Hon. A. 


Company, produce a large quantity 

of high grade furniture every year at 
their factory in Beaver Mills. 

The Wilkins Toy Company. Harry 
T. Kingsbury, proprietor, manufac- 
ture mechanical toys in great variety. 
The factory is located on Myrtle 

The C. B. Lancaster Shoe Com- 
pany employ about a thousand hands 
at their extensive factorv at the foot 

Hon. A. T. Batel elder. 


of Dunbar street. The goods made 
at this establishment arc first-class, 

and have a wide reputation t><r excel- 

The Humphrey Machine Company. 
manufacture a great variety of ma- 
chinery, including the celebrated 
IX L water-wheel, which is known 
throughout the world. John Hum- 
phrey is the moving spirit in the 
business, and is an inventor of ability. 

Dunn & Salisbury manufacture 
chairs in great variety at their fac- 
tory on Emerald street. 


prietors, manufacture chairs of all 

kinds at their factory connected with 
Beaver Mills. 

Elisha F. Lane manufactures brick 
in great quantities on his farm at the 
lower end of Main street. 

The Read Furniture Manufactur- 
ing Company, at South K e e n e, 
diaries II. Read, president, employs 
some thirty or fort}' hands in the 
manufacture ^i various kinds of fur- 

Several other smaller manufactur- 
ing concerns turn out a variety of 






.-,._. . ■ . . .. _ . _ . 

r ( 'tit •■>£§ 

The Lancaster S"oe Factory 

J. S. Taft & Co. manufacture pot- 
tery ware, and deal largely in Crock- 
er}- and glass ware at their works on 
Main street. 

George \V. Ball's Sons carry on 
the brick-making business on Apple- 
ton street, where they manufacture 
this building commodity on a large 

Wilkinson »S: McGregor manufac- 
ture harnesses, saddles, trunks, etc., 
at their factory in rear of their re- 
tail store on Main street, employing 
about thirty hands. 

Cheshire Chair Company, E. <S: C. 
E. Joslin and G. W. McDuffee, pro- 

goods, but those already named com- 
prise the chief enterprises of this 
kind within the city limits. 

The private residences in Keene 
deserving of special mention, because 
of their elegance and modern style of 
architecture, are numerous. The 
broad and finely shaded streets of the 
central portion of the city are lined 
with costly dwellings, generally ap- 
proached through spacious, well kept 
lawns. On West street, between 
Central square and the river, we find 
the elegant homes of many prominent 
citizens, among them those of Gen. 
S. G. Griffin, S. A. Gerould, Esq., 



Mis. C. L. Kingsbury, Edward Jos- 

lin. Ksq., Mrs. C. S. Faulkner, the 
Misses Tilden, lion. Horatio Colony, 
\V. S. Briggs, Esq., L. J. Brooks, 
Esq., Hon. C. J. Woodward. S. K. 
Stone, Ksq., the Misses Colony, G. H. 
Richards, Ksq.. F. H. Whitcomb, Esq., 
J. C. Faulkner, the Alfred Colony 
heirs, and others. 

Court street abounds in fine, mod- 
ern style houses, conspicuous among 
which are the residences of Hon. 
A. T. Batchelder, O. G. Port, Ksq., 

sons: Dr. G. R. Dinsmoor. Mrs. K. C 
vScott, Mrs. C. Bridgman, F. Petts, 
Hon. Asa Smith, F. K. Sprague, 

Mrs. G. B. Bnffnm, T. C. Rand, 
\V. G. Hall. D. M. Pollard, B. F. 

Sawyer. H. S. Martin. C. \V. Morse, 
L. M. Richards, G. O. Wardwell, 
Charles Wright, 2d. 

Main street, like the avenue last 
mentioned, shows considerable an- 
cient architecture, although many 
handsome residences, modern in 
style, are found on either side of 



Mechanic Street MiUs. 

Mrs. E. P. Dole. C. K. Joslin, S. \V. 
Stone, Hon. R. II. Porter, D. H. 
Woodward, Ksq., Leonard Boyce, 
G. I). Harris, Esq., Mrs. Susan 
Allen, Mrs. R. M. Caldwell, and 
many others deserving special men- 
tion did space permit. 

Washington street has many desir- 
able houses, yet the modern style of 
architecture does not so generally 
prevail there as in the streets pre- 
viously mentioned. Some of those 
of recent construction, or remodelled 
Within a few years, are owned and 
occupied by the following named per- 

this broad and magnificent thorough- 
fare. Notable among these are the 
residences of \V. S. Hale, lion. J. H. 
Elliot, Gen. S. S. Wilkinson, Mrs. ex- 
Governor Hale, Hon. K. C. Thayer, 
Hon. Edward Gustine, S. O. Crates, 
Ksq., Mrs. J. W. Prentiss. Mrs. C W. 
Taintor, K- F '• Lane, Ksq.. I. J. Dunn, 
Ksq., and numerous others. Many 
fine residences are also found on 
other streets, but it is impossible to 
specify them here. 

The religious societies in Keene 
are numerous, and each is in a flour- 
ishing condition. The oldest church 



organization is the First Congrega- 
tional, over which the talented and 
venerated Z. S. Barstow, I). I)., pre- 
sided as pastor fifty years. The pres- 
ent pastor is Rev. William G. Poor. 
The house in which this society wor- 
ships stands at the head of Central 
square, and is one of 
the oldest as well as 
one of the handsomest 
buildinsrs in town. 



■ i 

I 111 *, II] 

7ne First Ccng-? Church. 

The Baptist church has as its pas- 
tor Rev. A. W. Hand. Their house 
of worship is a substantial and ele- 
gant structure, situated on Court 

The Methodist Episcopal church 
edifice is located nearly opposite the 
Baptist house of worship, and is 
similar to it in outward appearance. 
The pastor of the church at the pres- 
ent time is Rev. James Cairns, who 
was assigned to Keene for a second 
term at the la^t annual conference. 

The Second Congregational church 

has as its pa 
voise. It h; 

. located 
proximity to 

The Unitai 
are at this ti 
rarily in the 
bag the erect i< 
edifice on \V 
building will 
ent winter, 
pastor of this 

vtor Rev. G. II. DeBe- 
\s a fine house of wor- 
on Court street in close 
the last two mentioned 

ian church and society 
me worshipping tempo- 
Armory building, pend- 

m of a handsome church 
ashington street. The 
he completed the pre<- 
Rev. C. B. Elder is the 



Baptist Church. 


St. James's Episcopal church has a 
fine house of worship on West street. 
It is built of stone, in the English 
style of architecture, and presents a 
fine appearance. Rev. J. C. Aver, 
Ph. D., is the present rector. 

The Roman Catholic church build- 



ing on Main street is one of the finest 
structures of the kind in the city. 
The society is in charge of Rev. J. R. 
Tower, rector, with Rev. D. J. Dunn 
as assistant. A parochial school 
building has been erected in rear of 
the chinch, where a large number of 



pupils are taught in all branches of 
education usually pursued in like 

Bethany Mission is a religious 
organization with a house of wor- 
ship on Vernon street, where services 
are held regularly, although the socie- 
ty has no stated pastor. The church 
was organized mainly through the 
personal efforts of Mr. F. L. Sprague, 
whose contribution of the church 
building, as well as his liberality in 
aiding the maintenance of religious 
services therein, is appreciated by 
many citizens. 

All of these religious societies 
maintain auxiliary organizations, de- 
voted to religious and philanthropic 
work such as is usually performed by 
similar organizations in other places. 

The schools in Keene and the sys- 
tem of education practised by direc- 
tion of the superintendent of schools 
and the board of education merit and 
receive the approbation of every good 
citizen. The high school, under the 
charge of Robert A. Ray, A. M., as 
head master, aided by an able corps 






Tne Methodist Episcopal Church. 

of assistants, is of a high grade, and 
U doing a noble work in the interest 
of the youth of our city. The gram- 
mar and other graded schools are 
also excellent, and all are under the 
instruction of competent teachers. 
Thaddeus W. Harris, A. M., Ph. I).. 


is the present superintendent of 
schools, while the board of educa- 
tion consists of Francis C. Faulkner, 
Wilton II. Spalter, Jesse B. Hyland, 
Bertram Ellis, Simon G. Griffin, 
Charles C. Buffum, Gardner C. Hill, 
Fred \Y. Chase, and Silas M. Dinsmoor. 
Keene maintains a large number 
of orders and institutions, of a public 
as well as private nature, the objects 
of which arc generally indicated by 
their titles. Among these may be 
found the several grades of Masonic 

St James's Episcopal Church. 

bodies, from the bine lodge to that of 
the Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite. 
Odd Fellowship also has strong or- 
ganizations in its various branches. 
The social features of these institu- 
tions are very attractive, compelling 
the admiration of all who join them. 
Among the numerous other organ- 
ized bodies which flourish here may 
be mentioned the Ancient Order of 
Hibernians, United Order of the 
Golden Cross. Order of the Pilgrim 
Fathers, Knights of Pythias. Ancient 
Order of United Workmen, Improved 

Order of Red Men. Monadnock Cycle 
club, Grand Army of the Republic, 
Cheshire Pomona Grange, Invalids' 

Home Corporation, Keene Humane 
society, Village Improvement socie- 
ty, Keene Natural History societ) : 

and probably there are other organ- 
izations of a social or benevolent 
character which the writer does not 
now call to mind. 

In connection with these it may be 
proper to name our military organiza- 
tions, consisting of two of the best 
companies in the state, 
ith headquarters in a 
spacious armory build- 
g on Winter street. 
\lso the Keene Brass 
band, which dates its 
existence from I 855, 
and whose inspiring 
martial strains have en- 
livened our streets at fre- 
quent intervals for near- 
ly forty years. Beedle's 
orchestra, too, should be 
named among the insti- 
tutions of which the 
citizens feel proud, it 
having few equals in 
point of musical talent 
in all New England. 
Public and private halls are numer- 
ous here, the large number of socie- 
ties and organizations requiring ex- 
tensive accommodations of this kind. 
Aside from City hall, which has a 
seating capacity of one thousand and 
more, we have Armory hall on Win- 
ter street, Golden Cross hall in Diph- 
thong alley, Grand Army hall in 
Ball's block. Masonic hall in Elliot's 
block, Odd Fellows' hall in Cheshire 
House block, the V. M. C. A. hall 
on West, street, Warren's hall on 
Washington street, and a hall in 





Hotels are not numerous in Keene. 
vet we can boast of at least one 
which is commodious and first-class 
in every particular — the Cheshire 

Lane's new building which is to be of many interesting racing contests 
cupied by the Odd Fellows when and other sports every season. The 

grounds are well fitted up for the 
accommodation of the public, and 

here are held the annual fairs of 
Cheshire Grange. 

Travelling facilities arc afforded 
the people Of Keene through the 
medium of the Fitchburg and the 
Boston cc Maine railroads and by 
men. ;is of stages connecting with sur- 
rounding towns not provided with 
steams transportation. The railroad 
accommodations are sufficient for the 
needs of the people, and when a new 
union passenger station is built, as is 
likely to be the case in the near future, 
notlYinor but a street electric raihvav 





Hon. Heroer* B. Viall. 

House, Charles Hartwell, proprietor. 
It is finely situated on the corner of 
Roxbury and Main streets, within a 
lew rods of the railway station. The 
other hotels are respectively the City 
and the Eagle, both under the pro- 
prietorship of Henry Ward, and situ- 
ated on Main street, just below the 
railway station. Good restaurants 
and excellent boarding-houses are 
plentiful, affording ample accommo- 
dations for those who prefer them to 

Keene Driving Park association 
owns a large tract of land adjoining 
Swanzey Factory village on which 
is maintained an excellent half-mile 
trotting course, which is the scene 



Hon. George W. McCuf'ee. 

wilt be needed to full)- satisfy the 
dermands of the travelling public. 
This latter enterprise may take form 
at an early day, the last legislature 
having granted a charter for a road 
of this kind in Keene. 

In the line of amusements, Keene 



is not behind her sister cities in pro- 
viding clean and elevating entertain- 
ments during the theatrical season. 
City hall, converted into a neat opera 
house, only needs a small addition 
on the north end of the building, 
whereby better stage facilities can 
be obtained, to make the place a 
charming resort whenever a deserv- 
ing entertainment is announced to 
be given there. Messrs. Barker & 
Quin n. the local managers of these 
entertainments, engage none but first- 
rate companies, and their efforts to 
please the public have been entirely 
successful in the past. Other public 
entertainments, such as lectures, con- 
certs, readings, etc., are provided 
through the enterprise of the Y. M. 
C. A. managers, who are entitled to 
the thanks of our citizens for the 
pleasure thus afforded. 

A fine monument, erected in 187 1 
to the memory of soldiers and sailors 
who died in defence of their country, 
stands in the park in Central square. 
It was designed by Martin Millmore, 
the noted Boston sculptor. The cost 
of the monument — about seven thou- 
sand dollars — was defrayed by the 
town, whose citizens are entitled to 
the credit of having been among the 
first in the state to thus honor their 
patriot dead. 

The newspapers of Keene at the 
present time consist of two weeklies — 
the Nnv Hampshire Sentinel and the 
Cheshire Republican — organs, respec- 
tively, of the Republican and Demo- 
cratic parties, and one daily paper, 
the Keene Evening Sentinel. The 
weekly Sentinel is one of the oldest 
newspapers in the country, having 
been established in 1799 by Hon. 
John Prentiss, who was its editor 
forty-eight years and whose energy, 

public spirit, and devotion to the 
interests of this community are mat- 
ters of local history with which most 
of our citizens are familiar. The 
paper is published by the Sentinel 
Printing Company in their elegant 
new building on Main street, and is 
in a flourishing condition. 

The Cheshire Republican, O. L. 
Colony, editor and proprietor, dates 
its existence fiom the early years of 
the present century. It has always 
been a strong advocate of Democratic 
principles, and for many years its 
influence has been potent in the 
councils of Cheshire County Democ- 

The Evening Sentinel is owned and 
issued by the Sentinel Printing Com- 
pany. It was started four years ago, 
and has more than met the expecta- 
tions of its owners and of the general 
public. The chief aim of the paper 
is to give the local and general news 
of the day, and in this it is an unqual- 
ified success. The Evening Sentinel 
is now regarded as one of our perma- 
nent institutions, and gives evidence 
of good management and excellent 
editorial ability. The Sentinel Print- 
ing Company is composed of T. C. 
Rand, president: C. J. Woodward, 
treasurer and business manager ; 
W. H. Prentiss, clerk ; and Bertram 
Ellis. Both publications issued by 
this company are conducted under 
the editorship of Mr. Ellis, with Mr. 
Prentiss as city editor. 

A religious paper called the Chris- 
tian Herald has recently been started 
here under the auspices of the evan- 
gelical churches, whose pastors act as 
its managers and editors. 

Financial affairs, especially bank- 
ing enterprises, engross the attention 
of many Keene people, employing a 

Hon. C. J. Woodward. 
Col. Bertram Ellis. 

T. C. Rar.d. 
Wm. H. Prentiss. 







The Court House. 

large amount of capital. The oldest 

banking institution in the city is the 
Cheshire National bank, Hon. J. II. 
Klliot, president ; Hon. R. 11. Por- 
ter, cashier. It was chartered as 
a state bank in 1803, and Daniel 
Neweomb was its first president. Its 
present capital is 5200,000. 

The Ashuelot National bank, 
George A. Wheeloek, president ; 
H. O. Coolidge, cashier, was origi- 
nally chartered as a state bank, and 
was incorporated in 1833. Its first 
president was Gov. Samuel Dinsmoor, 
who served in that capacity until his 

death in 1S35. Present 
capital of this institution, 

Keene National bank, 
Edward Josl in, president : 
Wallace L. Mason, cash 
ier, was also chartered asa 
state bank and organized 
in 1S58. with Zebina 
Newell as its first pres- 
ident. Its capital is 

Citizens' National bank. 
O. G. Dort, president; 
Arthur L. Wright, cash- 
ier, was incorporated in 1875. S. D. 
Osborne was its first president. Cap- 
ital, moo, 000. 

Cheshire Provident Institution for 
Savings, Hon. A. T. Batchelder, 
president : Oscar G. Nims. treasurer. 
was chartered and organized in 1833, 
and is one of the oldest savings 
banks in the state. Its first presi- 
dent was Dr. Amos Twitched, and 
its first treasurer, George Tilden, the 
latter serving in that capacity nearly 
fifty years. 

Keene Five Cents Savings bank, 
Caleb T. Buffum, Esq., president : 

ea — 

If m m 1 

r 8 .' : 

r p m p 1BM i 


• 4fl - 

inn 1 1 

The In. pervious Fac*agit Company's Fa' 



.•-J: ■ 

- i 


The Young Men's Christian Association Building. 

G. A. Litchfield, treasurer, was in- 
corporated in 1868. John H. Fuller 
was its first president, and O. G. 
Doit its first treasurer. 

Keene Guaranty Savings bank. 
F. II. Kingsbury, treasurer, was 
incorporated in 18S3, with a guar- 
anty fund of $50,000. Its first and 
thus far its only president was the 
late Hon. James Burnap, and its 
first treasurer was O. G. Dort. 

All of these financial institutions 
have been of great value to the peo- 
ple of Keene and Cheshire count}-. 
aiding materially in the 
business prosperity of 
the community. 

The people of Keene 
have been fortunate 
since the adoption of 
the city charter in their 
annual election of a 
mayor and other elec- 
tive officers of the city 
government. The first 
mayor, Hon. Horatio 
Colony, was and still 
lv -> a prominent business 
man whose well known 

abilities and honesty of purpose 
secured for him a handsome ma- 
jority at the polls, notwithstanding 
the fact that the Democratic party 
in which he was a leader was 
largely in the minority in the city. 
His administration of affairs at this 
early date in the history of the city 
was warmly approved by the citi- 
zens, and he was reelected to the 
office the following year. 

Hon. Edward Farrar succeeded Mr. 
Colon>- in the office of mayor in 1876, 
and was reelected for a second term. 





" i 



In? Cheshire County Jail. 



Hon. Reuben Stewart was the in- 
cumbent in [87S and again in [879. 

Hon. Horatio Kimball was Mr. 
Stewart's successor in [S80. 

Hon. Ira W. Russell served in 
1881, and was reelected for 1882. 

Each of the incumbents of the 
mayor's office has made an honor- 
able record, evincing an earnest de- 
sire to promote the interests of the 
city, and to maintain the reputation 
which Keene has so long enjoyed 

Hon. Horatio Kimball aarain filled of being one of the best governed 

the office in [883 and 18S4 

municipalities in the state 






• s I 

It would be ungenerous to close 
this brief sketch without at least 
making mention of some noted for- 
mer citizens who contributed to the 
prosperity of Keene, and conferred 
honors upon the town and state as 
well. A full list of such personages 
would gladly be given here, yet a 

Hon. F A. Faulkner. 

Hon. A. T. Batchelder followed in 
18S5 and 1886. 

Hon. Asa Smith succeeded Mr. 
Batchelder in 1S87, and was elected 
a second time. 

Hon. Herbert B. Viall was mayor 
in 1889, and served two terms. 

Hon. Horatio Kimball occupied 
the office for a fourth term in 1891. 

Hon. Frederic A. Faulkner was 
elected to succeed Mr. Kimball, and passing notice of the more prominent 
has just completed a third term, hav- ones must suffice. 

Hon C. H. Hersei 

ing been twice reelected. 

The present mayor, Hon. George 
\V. McDuffee. was elected at the 
municipal election in December, and 

has just begun his first term in that 

Keene has furnished three gover- 
nors of the state, viz. : Samuel Dins- 
moor, who filled the executive chair 
for three years, from June, 1831 : 
Samuel Dinsmoor 1 son of the for- 
mer), from June, 1849, to June [852 : 



Samuel VV. Hale, for two years, from 
June, 1883. Another former gover- 
nor, William Haile, resided here sev- 
eral years subsequent to the expira- 
tion of his official term, and until his 

The congressional district to which 
Keene belongs has been represented 



Samuel Dmsmoor, Governor, !83I-I334. 

in the United States congress for six 
terms by residents of this place, viz. : 
Peleg Sprague, Samuel Dinsmoor, 
Sr., Joseph Buffum. Salma Hale, 
James Wilson. Jr., and Thomas M. 

Many other prominent men of the 
past, whose names and memory are 
cherished by our citizens, earned the 
eternal gratitude of posterity by their 
untiring zeal and successful efforts in 
behalf of the religious, educational, 
and business enterprises projected in 
the early years of the nineteenth cen- 
tury- Among these the name of John 
Prentiss is entitled to first place, hav- 

ing been so early identified with the 
town's history. Aside from his able 

management of one of the most in- 
fluential political newspapers in the 

state tor a period of forty-eight years, 
Mr. Prentiss was an indefatigable 
worker in the various causes which 
claim and receive the support of 
good citizens everywhere. Kduea- 
tion and temperance were his favor- 
ite themes when in conversation with 
young men, to whom his advice and 
example were often of great benefit. 
though not always appreciated. He 
was not a " public " man in the gen- 
eral sense of that term, never seeking 
and but seldom consenting to hold 

Hon. W. P. Chamberlain. 

office, yet his interest in public affairs 
was never abated until death closed 
his long and useful career just as he 
was rounding out nearly a full cen- 
tury of existence. 

Zedekiah Smith Barstow, I). I)., 
the beloved pastor of the First church 
from 1S1S until 1868, although a 

9 o 



! • - 




score of years the junior of Mr. Pren- 
tiss, was contemporary with him in 
educational and temperance work, 
their only personal differences grow- 
ing out of religious views as ex- 
pressed through the Sentinel and 
from the pulpit. Dr. Barstow's ca- 
reer was as remarkable and inspiring 
as that of Mr. Prentiss, and no two 
men ever lived in Keene who wielded 
so much influence for good as did 
these honored citizens. 

Amos Twitchell, M. I)., the genial, 
brilliant, noble, and generous physi- 
cian, whom everybody loved, was 
also interested in all public matters 
pertaining to the welfare and educa- 

tion of the young, and his warning 
voice against the use of intoxicating 
liquor saved many from destruction. 
His death, at the age of 69 years, 
was a public calamity. 

Hon. Salma Hale, statesman, au- 
thor, and profound lawyer; Hon. 
Levi Chamberlain, brilliant lawyer 
and popular advocate at the bar : 
Hon. Thomas M. Edwards, promi- 
nent and influential in all public 
matters and an early advocate of 
railroad enterprises in this section ; 
Phineas Handerson, eminent barris- 
ter and dignified gentleman ; Gen. 
James Wilson, lawyer, statesman, 
orator, and big-hearted friend; 


< - 

Residence of Q. G. Oort. 



friend of the poor ; Francis 
A. Faulkner, brilliant law- 
yer, faithful public ser- 
vant, loyal citizen, and 

genial friend ; William 
V. Wheeler, the silver- 
tongued orator and hon- 
ored jurist ; Farnum F. 


..- -• I 

i Lane, profound lawye 

/' and honest adviser; Ed 

I ward Farrar, faithful ofli 

:"Z^nxt-ix^i^' • "-- - -■- cial, delightful companion 

Residence of the late Henry Colony. 

Charles G. Adams. M. D.. eminent 
practitioner and courtly gentleman ; 
George Tilden, educator, philanthro- 
pic, and faithful custodian of trust 
funds; John H. Fuller, honest mer- 
chant and kind though impulsive 

cial, delightful companion, 
and generous friend ; — all 
these and many others, 
whose memory is embalmed in the 
hearts of living citizens, and whose 
public services are recorded in the 
archives of the town and city, de- 
serve more than a passing notice 
here, but space forbids. Of each 
it can truly be said, in the language 
of Shakespeare, "Such a man might 
be a copy to these younger times." 


The writer in closing this sketch cannot 
resist the temptation to again refer to the 
early history of Keene and the beautiful city 
which has been developed in this valley of 
the Ashuelot. 

The choice of "Upper Ashuelot" as a 
local habitation by the early settlers in this 

■ -\' - if ;«/ 

• 1 'r' / 



■ ; ■ . 


Hon. John H. Elliot 

The Elliot C.t/ Hospital. 




valley attests their practical wisdom. 
Though compassed about oil every 
hand by the primeval forest, in which 
the Indians lurked and wild beasts 
prowled by night, the pioneers of 
1734 and 1753 discerned, as if by 
prophetic instinct, the latent possi- 
bilities of this spot, and resolutely 
set themselves about the task of 
developing its resources. And when. 
in the course of time, clearings made 
by the woodman's axe let the sun- 
light into the deepest recesses of the 
wilderness, the hidden beauties of 
the landscape began to reveal them- 
selves, like a symmetrical statue un- 
der the sculptor's hand. 

Gradually there emerged from the 
chaotic woodland the lines of grace 
which terminate the view, — the long, 
undulating crests of Beech hill, form- 
ing the eastern horizon ; the bold 
summit of West mountain ; and, in 
the distant perspective, the sky-pierc- 
ing peak of grand Monadnock. mark- 
ing out for our ancestors, as for their 
descendants, the visible boundaries 
of earth and heaven. 

Winding through the valley to 
which it gave its name, then, as 
now, flowed the gentle rivulet that 

turns the wheels of many a mill, and 
makes the air vocal with the mur- 
murous hum of various industries. 

The fort, to which the families of 
the Blakes, the Fishers, and others 

of the earliest time had fled for ref- 
uge from the fury of the savages, 
gave place nt length to the church 
and the tavern — twin institutions 
which our manly forefathers deemed 
indispensable adjuncts of their civil- 
ization ; the blazed path through the 
woods broadened into Main street, as 
we know it now, with its colonnade 
of stately elms ; outlying swamps 
were reclaimed and craggy hills sub- 
dued to the uses of husbandry : news- 
papers and schools, manufactories 
and savings-banks, railroads and pub- 
lic libraries came later in the evolu- 
tion of our modern corporate and 
municipal life, until, to-day, Keene 
is full}' abreast of the enlightened 
spirit and progressive social devel- 
opment of the age. 

Our citizens justly cherish a local 
pride in the city to whose beauties 
even* passing stranger pays the trib- 
ute of admiration, and whose growth 
and prosperity command the respect 
of the financial and business world. 

.irrirff-; - : 

-..--,- £fe B» ™ -.11 


Tne Fue Station. 


[A translation from Theocritus.] 
By Bela C ha pin. 

Good Lycidas pursued the left-hand road, 
And straight to Pyxa held his quiet way, 

But we sped on and reached the neat abode 
Of Thrasidamus, there awhile to stay. 

Our friend we found, and he kind greeting gave, 
And on a eouch of mastic leaves and vine, 

Where leafy trees just overhead did wave, 
He bade his guests rejoicingly recline. 

Elm boughs and poplars, stirring to and fro, 
Refreshing coolness to his dwelling gave ; 

And sacred rills hard by did ceaseless flow 
A down and onward from the naiads' cave. 

The bright cicadas, mid the leafv srreen, 

Were briskly chirping their well-pleasing song ; 

While farther off. in the thick, bowery treen, 

The thrush and finch did their rich notes prolong. 

And tufted larks all time were singing there. 
And turtledoves their love notes ever sung, 

While tawny bees were humming everywhere 
Along the streams, the fragrant flowers among. 

All things there breathed glad incense to the air, 
In the sweet season of the summertide, 

And in the merry days of autumn fair, 

When fruit abundant hung on every side. 

Delicious pears were lying at our feet, 
And mellow apples rolling all around. 

And branches frail, o'erfraught with damsons sweet. 
With their rich load were bending to the ground. 

Then goblets full of best nectarean wine, 

That four long years had ripened in the cask, 

He broached for us: and O ye nymphs divine ! 
Could great Alcides boast a richer flask ? 

i ' 

r.^ •-— . -— r, -■'.«*> ..- . t-. 

Mi i 




p • 



r- '..1 



[Translated front ihc German of Hans YVerder.| 
By Agatha />'. E. Chandler. 


^ I 


iff f 

0&f - 

^*HE Baircuth dra- 
goons made them- 
selves comfortable 
in Langenrode after 
their long days of 
m a rolling and of 
camp life, and would 
have been very glad 
to take up their per- 
manent winter quar- 
ters in that hospita- 
ble village, but they 
knew that a long march was coming 
before they could settle down for a con- 
tinuous rest. Meanwhile there were 
daily skirmishes between the Prus- 
sian and Austrian armies, and the 
regiment was often obliged to sally 
forth and bear its share of this petty 

More than a week passed and 
Ulrike saw nothing of her dreaded 
guests, for she did not leave her 
aunt's room, the invalid's condition 
being hopeless. Before the arrival 
W the troops the physician from the 
neighboring village had visited the 
abbess almost every day, but now 
his entire energies were devoted to 
the wounded Prussians and he dared 
not leave the hospital. It had long 
been certain that he could do nothing 
' ,)T the patient, but he had been able 
to give comfort and aid to her nurse. 

Ulrike was now forced to bear the 
entire burden alone and unaided, 
and. helpless as she was, she re- 
mained true to her duty. She had 
watched beside the bedside through 
the long and anxious hours of a 
sleepless night, and now the abbess 
at last lay quietly with her eyes 
closed. She was breathing heavily 
and seemed to be asleep. 

Ulrike sat beside the bed in a low 
chair, utterly weary and sick at 
heart. The house was quiet, for the 
dragoons had ridden away for a few 
hours, and the tired girl's head sank 
upon her breast ; a blissful dream 
carried her away from the scene of 
her distress, and led her anxious 
spirit into rest and sweet sleep. 

Her rest was short, however, and 
she soon rose and rubbed her aching 
eyes. The sick abbess lay still as 
before, but her breathing had grown 
lighter. Ulrike bent over her and 
listened intently until she could hear 
nothing more; the patient heart had 
ceased to beat: the noble life had 
reached its end. With a low cry of 
pain Ulrike sank upon her knees by 
the bed and pressed her forehead 
upon her folded hands. Thus she 
remained for hours, while around her 
lay the holy stillness of death, 
beneath the overpowering weight of 

9 6 


which her own fate seemed as 

Suddenly she heard the notes of 
a trumpet, and the sound cut her 
heart like a knife. Doors were 
flung open and shut, the tramp 
of booted feet rang through the 
house, and finally footsteps ap- 
proached her door and stopped 
before it, and a knock was heard. 
She sprang up from the bedside. 
Was it possible ? Could they already 
know that her sole protector had 
been taken from her? 

She went to the door and opened 
it. Before her, doubtless by his 
master's orders, stood the soldierly 
figure of the captain's orderly. 

" I beg your pardon for my intru- 
sion, but I could n't find your maid. 
The captain wishes to speak with you, 
and is waiting for you in the hall." 

Ulrike was still bewildered, and 
incapable of calm thought. The 
request frightened her greatly, for 
she was unable to imagine any good 
reason for it. 

"Say to the captain that I shall 
have to be excused; I cannot see 
him; " and with a fleeting nod she 
closed the door. 

This done, however, she remained 
standing, astonished at herself. Did 
she not know that this groundless 
refusal would not be accepted ? 
Would he not laugh at it and 
answer it by a threat as he had 
done before ? 

In Heaven's name — he was there 
already ! A quick, determined step 
sounded outside the door, and its 
approach was followed by a knock. 
Ulrike sprang up and opened hastily. 
Reutlingen stood before her, his body 
erect, his hand upon his sabre, and 
a frown upon his brow. 

" You place me in the disagreeable 
position of being obliged to force 
myself upon you. my dear young 
lady. Why this senseless refusal to 
see me ? You force me to violate the 
respect ' ' 

" Please step inside, Captain von 
Reutlingen," interrupted Ulrike, 
with fleeting breath. "Perhaps the 
holy presence of death will be a suf- 
ficient reason for my refusal." 

The captain stepped into the room 
and approached the white and silent 
bed, standing bowed in horror and 
astonishment before it. He bent his 
head low, covered his eyes with his 
cap, and offered up a silent prayer. 
Then he let his hands fall again. 
folded them one upon the other, and 
gazed at the still white face. What 
was passing within his soul?* A ten- 
der expression swept over his face. 
as though the memory of a great 
pain had arisen within him. At last 
he turned to Ulrike, who had re- 
mained standing near the door, and 
who was following him with her eyes. 

"Poor child!" he whispered, "and 
you have been entirely alone with 
the dead ? ' ' 

He approached her, and together 
they left the chamber of death. 

"Why was I not told of this?" 
Reutlingen asked. " How could I 
know what detained you ? Why 
have you made me guilty of want 
of consideration ?" 

" It happened this morning," re- 
sponded Ulrike with downcast eyes. 
"No one knows it. Why should I 
have told you ? It would not interest 

"My interest in this sad occur- 
rence must be nearly a^ great as 
yours, my dear Praulein von Trebe- 
now," was his hasty rejoinder. 



•'There are many things to be 
attended to and man}* arrangements 
lo be made that would fall very 
heavily upon you, and you must 
therefore allow me to oiler my ser- 
vices. But — pardon me — to come to 
the object of my visit: the Schmettau 
cuirassiers will be here to-day for a 
short rest in a long march, and I 
>hnll be obliged to bring several 
officers to the convent for shelter. 
Will you kindly give the necessry 
orders ? " 

I' hike still kept her eyes turned 
away from him. 

"I don't know. Give the order 
yourself, or " 

"Or what?" 

11 Or send Herr von Eickstadt here." 

" Very well : although I do n't see 
the necessity for it. I do n't see why 
you should look upon Eickstadt as 
less of a man-cater than myself, but 
of course it shall be as you desire." 

He bade her a curt adieu and left, 
and in a few moments Wolf von 
Eickstadt came to the little sitting- 
room and overwhelmed her with 
assurances of his regard and protec- 
tion. His warm-heartedness drove 
away the numbness of her sorrow, 
and brought the relief of tears to her 
overburdened heart. The arrange- 
tnents for the reception of the cuiras- 
siers were quickly made, and their 
quarters were ready for them at any 

The cuirassiers came, and their 
arrival was followed by days of noise 
and bustle, during which Ulrike 
remained locked in her room, receiv- 
,n k r only an occasional message from 
l »^ captain, who had taken upon 
himself all the arrangements for the 
abbess's funeral. 

The hour of burial came at last : a 

clear winter daw the snow glistening 
in the sunshine, and the trees draped 
with icicles and sparkling with snow 
diamonds. The bells in the spire 
of the little church tolled heavily 
and sorrowfully as eight dragoons 
bore the body of the old abbess to 
its last resting place, the Prussian 
chaplain following slowly in their 

The chaplain was a kindly old 
man who well knew what sorrow- 
was, and who could give a warm 
word of sympathy when the occaaion 
demanded it. With misty eyes he 
watched the beautiful slender girl 
with the white troubled face, who, 
in her black dress, prepared to follow 
the coffin — a solitary mourner. 

"Come with me, my dear young 
lady," he said softly ; "you seem 
to be very lonely." 

His only answer was a grateful 
glance from the sad child-like eyes. 
She would have liked to ask him to 
stay at Langenrode with her, or to 
take her away with him, but she well 
knew that that could not be and so 
remained silent. 

The chaplain said only a few 
short and touching words — such a 
service as his ten long years of duty 
on the field of battle had taught him 
to conduct — and Ulrike listened as 
one in a dream, gazing with tear- 
dimmed eyes into the grave at the 
earth which was now fast covering 
the coffin. 

At last it was over. She made an 
effort and threw off the terrible de- 
pression that had fallen upon her, 
and turned to make her way back 
to the abbey. As she looked around, 
she found herself in front of a long 
row of officers, both dragoons and 
cuirassiers, all of whom were quar- 

9 s 


tered at the abbey. They had fol- 
lowed to show the last honors to the 
old abbess, and now stood there gaz- 
ing curiously at the frightened girl. 
It was an uncomfortable moment on 
both sides, and for Ulrike one of 
terrible anxiety. Then the captain 
stepped from the uniformed line and 
approached her with a firm step. 

"May 1 have the honor, my dear 
young lady ? and with that he 
offered her his arm. The others 
politely cleared a path and then 
followed the couple, exchanging sly 
looks and whispered remarks as they 

Reutlingen escorted his young 
charge into the house, through the 
hall, and up the stairway into the 
room of the dead abbess. Here he 
at last released her arm, and Ulrike 
sank into the nearest chair and cov- 
ered her face with her hands. The 
black veil encircled the blonde locks 
like a rain cloud around the sun. 

Reutlingen remained standing, his 
hand upon his sword and his steady 
gaze resting upon her, a smile min- 
gled with the sympathy of his glance. 
He knew that she wished him to 
go and yet he felt a strong desire to 

" Fraulein von Trebenow," he 
exclaimed impetuously. 

'Ulrike looked up startled and 
threw back her veil and gazed at 
him. It was the first time their 
eyes had ever met. 

" Don't give yourself up to d im- 
pair, my dear young lady; you 
had much better face the situation 
bravely. Your behavior in time of 
trouble is not that of a good soldier." 

Ulrike felt that she must at least 
speak to him for lie certainly deserved 
her thanks, but what could she sav? 

Would he understand her feeling> 
and take her thanks at their true 
value ? Yes, he surely must under- 
stand. Perhaps he was not as bad 
as she thought, but a thoroughly 
sensible well-meaning fellow, perhaps 
a married man and the father of a 
family, who really sought only her 
own well-being, and with this thought 
her fear and sorrow left her. Invol- 
untarily she clung to the idea as a 
drowning man clutches a straw. 

" Herr von Reutlingen, you are 
married, are you not?" she asked 

He gave a hearty laugh. 

" No, my dear young lady, certainly 
not, more's the pity. Why did you 
think so ? " 

" But," she continued, " you have 
a sweetheart whom you love or a 
sister who is very dear to you ? " 

He drew up a chair, seated him- 
self upon it, and looked at her. 

"Xo, not even that; I have 
neither ; but I have had a mother 
and I have a heart in my breast. 
Will you not ask my protection if 
you need it, you shy child ? " 

"You couldn't help me." she 
answered softly. 

"You think not. At any rate 1 
am at your service. As long as I am 
here in the convent with my troop 
you can live quietly, without anxiety 
or fear of danger ; I will be your 
safeguard ; I will protect you with 
my sword, my honor, and my life. 
Perhaps in time you may see that 
this promise is worth something.*' 
He rose from his chair. " But I will 
trouble you no longer; perhaps I 
had done better to let Kickstadt 
speak for me." 

11 I thank you." murmured Ulrike 

/ / 'IL D RE I ' TL INGEN. 


He bowed low and left her. mur- 
Diuring to himself, M Foolish little 

1 1 ir> comrades sat ill the refectory 
smoking and drinking and Reutlin- 
geii was greeted with a burst of 

" Well,, Sir Captain, have you 
made splendid progress in the young 
mourner's esteem ?" 

As was his custom, he did not 
answer immediately. 

" Gentlemen, I bee: von to listen 

for a moment. The young woman 
of whom you speak is deserted and 
entirely dependent upon our assist- 
ance. As the highest in rank among 
ns I assume as my own, the right 
and duty of protecting her, and any 
rudeness or wrong to Fraulein von 
Trebenow is," — and he struck the 
floor emphatically with his sword — 
"an attack upon my honor. I count 
upon your help in this matter, gen- 

Not a man offered an objection. 


The Schmettau cuirassiers soon 
wefrt on their way, escorted by the 
dragoons for a short distance, and 
quiet again reigned in the abbey 
for the few hours that they were 
away. Ulrike took advantage of their 
absence to take a walk, for hereto- 
fore she had not dared to leave the 
garden. It had snowed during the 
night, and trees and bushes were 
bending low beneath their heavy 
burdens, and the bright sunlight 
and the clearness and freshness of 
the air soothed and comforted Ulrike 
in her despondency. She gave way 
completely to the influences around 
her and cared only for the pleasure 
and relief from care of the moment, 
as for the future, — well, she dared 
not think of that. 

At that moment a muttered excla- 
mation startled her from her reverie. 
In the snow covered path ahead of 
her she saw the old sexton and 
gardener of the abbey, who had 
gathered into his cart the twigs 
and branches that had been felled 
hy the storm and was now carrying 
them home to keep a blaze upon 
his hearth. He had stopped his 

donkey that he might add two more 
large branches to his already plen- 
tiful store. 

Ulrike wandered on. and presently 
she heard across the white fields 
the snorting of horses and the clash 
of arms. Firmly seated upon his 
fiery chestnut Captain von Reutlin- 
gen lead his troop under the bare 
limbed beeches. The snow flew 
about the party in clouds and the 
earth trembled beneath the horses' 

"Captain," called one of the lieu- 
tenants, "what would our charming 
\oung hostess say if she could see us 
trampling down her garden in this 

Reutlingen laughed. 

"I'll tell you what she'll do, 
Hertzberg ; she'll take you to task 
for it. You may be thankful for a 
chance to speak to her, though ; I 
know she had rather see any of 
you than me, but even you will 
have to be very humble." 

And then, to the utter amaze- 
ment of the old sexton, he gave 
his horse a touch with the spur 
and the noble beast, with nostrils 



dilated, leaped like a whirlwind 
over the wood laden wagon, don- 
key, and all. Ulrike stood half 
hidden beneath the drooping trees 

and only Wolf von Kiekstadt saw 
and greeted her. The wild leader 
rode on and disappeared within the 
abbey courtyard, the old gardener 
gazing blackly after him. Ulrike 
remained hidden in her nook until 
she heard the halls ringing with the 
heavy steps of the returning troops. 

The captain and Wolf von Kiek- 
stadt together occupied Fraulien 
von Pill nan's comfortable room. 
"If the dear lady could only see 
them," was the little chambermaid's 
troubled cry when she first saw this 
profanation of that sacred chamber. 
The two men were very careful 
of the room, though, and did not 
injure it. 

The captain, assisted by his faith- 
ful Ferdinand, had just changed his 
uniform and brushed his hair, and 
had dismissed his sen-ant with the 
words: "Go down and see if we 
are soon to have something to eat, 
for I am very hungry," when Wolf 
von Kiekstadt came in from an 
adjoining room and threw himself 
at full length upon Fraulein von 
Pillnau's dainty bed. 

" Reutlingen, do you know that 
Fraulein von Trebenow heard your 
joking remarks to Hertzberg about 
her? She stood between two of 
those snow covered trees while you 
passed through the garden." 

Reutlingen, who was lounging 
comfortably in an easy chair, sat 
up and looked at the speaker. 

"Why shouldn't she hear them, 
my dear young man? Don't talk 
about her. My unavoidable posi- 
tion with regard to her," — he hesi- 

tated, as though to weigh his word-. 
Wolf laughed heartily. 

"Why are you brooding over your 
position, Jobst? Your conversations 
with her must be might}' one sided 
ones, for as far as 1 can see she 
does nothing but tremble while you 
are near her. It doesn't make he; 
like you any better to hear that 
you are wild, either." 

"Never mind that," answered 
Reutlingen coolly. " I don't wain 
her to cease to fear me. I have 
always wanted a little sister or a 
sweetheart to cling to me and to 
obey me, and that is what this 
maiden shall be." 

"Jobst. What is the matter with 
you; are you raving?" laughed 
Wolf. He saw from the captain's 
absent air that his remark had not 
been heard. 

"Do you think her beautiful?" 
he asked again. Reutlingen shook 
his head. 

"I don't know; I haven't looked 
at her to find out. Hold on, though," 
he continued, "she has eyes." 

"To be sure she has eyes," 
assented Wolf, "but so have I." 

"Yes, but wdiat eyes hers are. 
They make a fellow feel that he 
must kiss them. I 've only seen 
them once, though." 

"And that appears to have been 
more than enough," remarked Wolf 
in an undertone. 

"What's all this, Wolf, my boy ; 
what are you asking so carefully 
about her for? Don't plan any mis- 
chief now, for I will not allow it ; I 
must make you understand that." 

"Wouldn't you allow me to try 
to win her then?" asked Wolf. 

"Yes, most certainly. I would 
give you my sister willingly. Why 



not my little sweetheart, then? So "You may if you want to, and if 
vou are deserting your last love, she is a sensible girl she will agree 

are VOU 

That's right; I've been with me. A man of but twenty-five 

expecting it for some time." years of age dares not bind himself - 

"Monster," replied Wolf calmly, he'll probably change his mind. But 

»• You "needn't be afraid of me this come., 1 think we must be late, and 

time. I shall tell Fraulein Susanna my throat is dry enough." 

all about this, your good advice into They went down stairs together, 

the bargain. 

each wrapped in his own thoughts. 


The king's army was quartered for 
the winter in and around Freiberg, 
the Saxons being encamped in the 
surrounding country, and neither 
force would allow the other to rest. 
The weather was severe, and the 
hardships and suffering of this win- 
ter campaign were beyond descrip- 
tion, so that the troops who had been 
stationed along the outer line in the 
face of the Saxons longed for the rest 
and quiet which they had not known 
for so long a time. The Baireuth 
regiment was accordingly ordered to 
take up the march again, so that the 
men who had hitherto been at the 
front could have a place to rest, and 
the comfortable quarters at Langen- 
rode were to be given up. 

Captain von Reutlingen returned 
to the abbey from the headquarters 
at the castle one day with the disa- 
greeable news that he had just re- 
ceived, for which the officers were 
none the happier as they gathered in 
the smoking-room to give vent to 
their feelings and to drown their sor- 
K>W in drink! 

1 he captain appeared worried ; he 
sv as usually hail fellow well met with 
*he other officers of that corps, which 
"is majesty had honored by the title 
' K "The Invineibles, " but on this 
occasion Reutlingen soon left the 

noisy drinking party. He sent Fer- 
dinand to Fraulein von Trebenow 
with the request that she grant him 
an interview, and this time he was 
not refused, Ulrike meeting him in 
the sitting-room of the dead abbess 
where she and Benno von Trautwitz 
had passed the last evening of the 
latter^ s stay at the abbey. 

In a few words Reutlingen told 
Ulrike that the troops were obliged 
to leave the abbey, and he saw the 
look of relief that passed over her face. 

"Don't give way to any false 
hopes, my dear young lady," he 
said luirriedly. "We are only leav- 
ing the place to make room for others. 
Two or three regiments will arrive 
the very day of our departure. Lan- 
genrode will be occupied by Prussian 
troops throughout the entire winter." 

"Heaven help me!" stammered 
Ulrike, now almost beside herself. 
"Where shall I go? What will 
become of me?" 

"That is exactly what I came to 
talk to you about," answered Reut- 
lingen. "You can't stay in Langen- 
rode ; the officers who are coming 
are entirely unknown to me, and 
under no consideration would I leave 
you here alone. Have you no rela- 
tives near to whom I could take 
vou ? * ' 



"Yes, indeed," Ulrike answered 
quickly, "my uncle, Burgomaster 
von Trebenow, in Leitnitz. Please 
take me to him." 

11 Yes, I know the burgomaster 
and I know his house — 1 have been 
quartered there ; but the Saxon army 
is now spread out between us and 
Leitnitz, so that it would be impos- 
sible for me to take you there." 

"Well, then, to Dresden!" im- 
plored Ulrike. " There I know 
intimately the family of the Count 
of Langenrode." 

" The Saxon army is around Dres- 
den also, my dear young lady, so I 
can't take you there either." 

"But I have a cousin among the 
Saxon troops. Lieutenant von Traut- 
witz, one of the Desoffy hussars " 

"A Saxon officer who was taken 
prisoner at Pirna." interrupted Reut- 
lingen, " and who was only liberated 
on condition that he would not take 
up arms against Prussia again! 
Nevertheless he is still in the ranks of 
our enemy — I know the pretty saint ! 
So you are an acquaintance of his? " 

"He is my cousin," cried Ulrike. 
"and I know he is a man of honor. 
Why do you talk against him when 
he is too far away to defend himself? " 

"His defence would be a very- 
weak one," continued Reutlingen, 
with a shrug of his shoulders. " He- 
will take care not to meet any Prus- 
sian officers. Why do you want to 
see him ?" 

"Couldn't he come and take me 
to Leitnitz or Dresden? " she asked. 

"No; he cannot. You must give 

up that plan. And besides 1 

would n't trust you to the scoun- 
drel ! " 

The warm blood surged into Ul- 
rike's face in spite of herself. 

" But if I wish to entrust myself to 
him ?" 

He again interrupted. "Then I 
have nothing to do with the matter. 
Young girls have no judgment in 
cases of this kind." 

Ulrike bit her lip. She longed to 
rebuke him for his presumption and 
to defend her friend, yet she did 
neither. She was a little afraid of 
Reutlingen ; she stood in awe of his 
imperious manner, his determined 
voice, — in fact of the wild rider's 
whole personality. She could not 
misunderstand his motives, for she- 
felt sure that his whole anxiety was 
for her welfare. 

He looked up at last, and said, 
" Have you no other friends, neither 
far nor near? " 

She shook her head. " No one. 
I lived with my father in Dresden, 
until his death, after which I went 
to my uncle in Leitnitz, and this 
summer for the first time I came 
here to my aunt." 

"And your mother?" 

"I have no recollection of my 
mother; she died when I was very 

" Poor child ! " he murmured softly 
in a sympathetic voice. "That is 
why you are so shy and suspicious — 
because you have been obliged to 
grow up without a mother." He 
gazed thoughtfully into the distance. 
"I know something of that myself; 
I lost my own mother." He was 
silent then, and it seemed to Ulrike 
that she had never heard a more pa- 
thetic speech than those few words : 

" When did it happen ? M she asked, 
ready to share his sorrow. 

"Before the breaking out of the 
war; I haven't been at home since. 
Yes; if she were only alive I would 



take you % to her at once, and all 
would be well. I tell you what 
we'll do, my dear young lady," he 
continued after a short pause; "come 
with us, 1 know no other way. We 11 
take the little chambermaid, too. and 

"You arc very kind." responded 
Vlrike, "but I am a young and 

unprotected girl and I could n't 
think of going across the country 
with a regiment of soldiers without 
the protection of an older woman, 

vou can go as far as Groszenhayn nor could I seek protection under 

with us. Then it is only ten miles 
to Steinhovel, and I will take you 
there where you will he safe." 

"What is Steinhovel?" asked 

"It is my father's estate, a com- 


young man s root. 

"Xo; I must see to that," lie 
answered, rising from his chair after 
a moment's thought. " We will 
think over our scheme again ; may 
I come and see vou to-morrow so 




it was 

rortable and beautiful place ; 
my mother's home." 

"And to whom does it now belong ?" 
'To me. It lias been empty until 


■> > > 

may decide upon some- 

recently, but my brother is there 
"ow. He belongs to the Puttkamer 
hussars and is now at home recover- 
ing from a wound." 

"And he is young and unmarried 



" Younger than 
Unmarried ; yes." 


Her head inclined forward, lower 
and lower, and he saw a great tear 
fall into her lap and noticed that 
her lip was quivering like a child's. 
Involuntarily he stroked her soft 
silvery hair. 

''Don't worry. I have promised 
to protect you, and you shall see that 
a Reutlingen never forgets a prom- 
ise. I will come again to-morrow." 

I, and just as 


. . ■■:. . 


By Edward A. Je>iks. 

Belle Marguerite ; — the thousand nameless graces 
Of all the queens of beauty 

Since time begun — 
The witcheries of all the wondrous faces, 
And voices low and fluty — 
Moulded in one ! 


io : 

Just sec her waiting there, the peerless creature ! 
The perfect, matchless woman ! 
And watch her face: — 
Instinct with youth ami love is every feature, 
And passionately human 
Is every grace. 

Xo queen of hearts was ever hall so gracious : 
The apple-blossoms tremble 
With sheer delight 

As they stoop down and kiss, with lips audacious, 
That exquisite ensemble 

In pink and white. 

Could we but peer behind the filmy laces 
That guard the sweet enclosure 
Where dear Love lies, 
A happy bird would smile up in our faces — 
Xo fear of cold exposure 
Within his eyes. 

The sun's warm fingers, dallying with her tresses, 
Are hopelessly entangled 
In golden strands : 
Xor can he ever set, howe'er time presses, 
Till they are disentangled 
By loving hands : 

Then when the waves of glory round her falling 
Within her vestal chamber 
Are shut from sight, 
If you but listen you may hear him calling 
From off his bed of amber, 

" Sweet Love ! Good-night ! " 

By Harry B. Metcalf. 

FINEST structure at 

the national capital 

— the city k no w n 

throughout the world for its 

magnificent edifices as well 

*S for its "magnificent distances" — 

ls the new congressional librarv build- 

ing, constructed of granite from the 
state of Xew Hampshire and the city 
of Concord. So, also, the finest build- 
ing in Concord and Xew Hampshire 
is another granite edifice, erected for 
a similar purpose, the new state 
library building, recently dedicated. 


i . 




•SEg J 

K "' 

i — 



if, - %»■■ 





The completion of this niagnifi- its kind in the country. It now con- 
cent structure furnishes the people tains between 35,000 and 40,003 vol- 
oi New Hampshire with abundant limes, many of them of rare value, 
cause for rejoicing, for it affords a especially in the law department, 
safe and sufficient permanent domi- which is one of the best in existence. 
cile to a state department whose For the accommodation of this con- 
accommodations in the eapitol build- stantly growing library every availa- 
ing have, been long outgrown, and ble inch of room in the state house 
whose valuable possessions have been has been utilized, but for many years 
for many years in jeopardy. When the provision has been inadequate. 


'■ I • 



The State Librai-y. 

the state house was erected, three 
quarters of a century ago, the library 
consisted merely of the folios of colo- 
nial laws, the early official journals 
°f the state, and the public docu- 
ments of the United States. With 
the annual appropriations for the 
purchase of books, steadily increased 
from $100 in 1823 to S3, 000 at the 
present time, the library has grown 
to be one of the most extensive of 

In. the year 1SS1 the necessity for 
providing new quarters for the library 
was first urged upon the legislature. 
A committee of twenty-five was ap- 
pointed to investigate the condition 
of affairs, and reported unanimously 
that there was an immediate neces- 
sity of enlarging the library accom- 
modations. In accordance with a 
resolution then passed, Governor 
Bell and council submitted to the 











b. . i 

Hon. Benjamin A. Kimoa^ 

Hon. Charles H Burns. 

883 plans and esti- session and nothing was done. The 
agitation was continued before the 
three following legislatures, but 
•without favorable result. In the 
meantime the library had been grow- 
ing more rapidly than ever, and 

legislature of 

mates for a new library building and 
for an addition to the state house, 
urging immediate action on the 
subject. Other interests, however, 
crowded it into the last davs of the 


Hon. Irving W. Drew. 

Hon. Johr W Sanborn. 



when the legislature of 1891 

was confronted with the ques- 
tion, it was evident that some- 
thing must be done at once. 

Two plans were proposed — 
one to build a westerly exten- 
sion to the slate house, the 
other to erect an independent 
library building'. The latter, 
which would afford better pro- 
tection against fire and would 
not impair the symmetry of 
the state house, was adopted. 
An act was passed appro- 
priating the sum of 5175,000 
for the purchase of land at 
the corner of State and Park 
streets, and the erection there- 
on of a building with suitable 
accommodations for the state 
library and the supreme court, 
according to plans submitted — 
by architect A. P. Cutting of 
Worcester, Mass. Hon. Charles 
II. Burns, of Wilton, Hon. Benjamin A 




! 1 


The Alcoves. 


Fireplace in tne Main Corridor 

Kimball, of Concord, Hon. John 
\V. Sanborn, of Wake- 
field, and Hon. Irving W. 
Drew, of Lancaster, were 
appointed by Governor 
Tuttle as commissioners 
to have charge of the 
work of construction. 
The latter, in turn, se- 
lected Giles Wheeler, the 
well known architect of 
Concord, as superintend- 

The two sections of 
land at the corner of 
State and Park streets, 
owned by the William 
Walker heirs and the 
Episcopal Guild, were 
purchased immediately, 
j for the sum of ^2^,500, 
and the excavation and 

i 10 


foundation completed by the spring 
of 1S92, when work on the super- 
structure was begun. In 1S93 a 

further appropriation of >-^<oc^o was 
made by the legislature, in order 
that essential enlargements might be 
made in the original plans submitted 
by the architect. In the spring of 
1892 the library grounds were en- 
larged by the action of the city of 
Concord in purchasing the land at 

which rises from the south-west cor- 
ner. The material used in its con- 
struction is New Hampshire granite, 
the body being of ied Conway stone, 

while the cornices, buttresses, balus- 
trades, belts, pilasters, and entrance 
steps are of the best white Concord 
granite. The eight polished col- 
umns at the main entrance are green 
granite from Conway. Over this 
entrance are the words " State 

! •■ 

r. It .. 

Tne Supreme Court Roon 

- * 

the corner of State and Centre streets, 
north of the library, and presenting 
it to the people as a public park. 

The architecture of the new build- 
ing is of the type generally known 
as Romanesque, or Italian Renais- 
sance. Strong in outline, it is built 
to endure for centuries, yet its 
Corinthian ornamentation is ex- 
tremely delicate and graceful. The 
structure is two stories in height 
except for the low, square tower 

Library" in raised capitals, while 
the state seal of New Hampshire 
appears in relief carving in the tri- 
angular space above the balcony. 

At the main entrance is a spacious 
vestibule, from which a broad hall 
extends across the building, separat- 
ing the court department on the west 
from that of the library on the east. 
This hall is magnificently finished : 
the floor is laid in marble mosaic, 
with a delicate bonier in several 


1 1 1 

colors, while the wainscoting and 
»!oor casings arc of Sienna and 
Italian colored marble. Above the 
large open fire-place which occupies 
the space between the two library 
doors is a bronze tablet bearing the 
names of the governors of the state 
who served while the building was 
in process of construction, the names 
of the library commissioners, and the 
date of erection. 

The entire section of the building 

ing and eight on the north. In 
each alcove are iron shelves for the 
accommodation of 2,500 volumes, 
with room for double that number 
when required. A large alcove 
next the hall on the south side is 
to be the private room of the trustees 
and librarian. Directly opposite is 
a spacious iron vault in which the 
old folios and valuable papers are to 
be deposited. Above it. opening 
into the gallery, and beneath in the 


Tne Judges' O'-' ce. 

<^st of the hall is to be devoted to basement, are similar vaults, which 

the uses of the library. The main are to be placed at the disposal of 

apartment is the reading or study the state departments, 

room, with floor and wainscoting of The desks of the librarian and his 

white marble. A gallery, supported assistants are to be placed at the east 

by handsome pillars of Italian vein end of the main room, while the 

marble and Keene cement, surrounds remaining floor space is to be occu- 

the chamber. Alcoves in which pied by tables for the convenience 

hooks are to be stacked lead off of readers. A table and chairs will 

from the main floor and this gallery. 
* hese are seventeen in number, 
ei ght down stairs and nine above, 
Bine on the south side of the build- 

also be placed in each of the alcoves. 
A large fire-place between the two 
hall doors gives to the room a com- 
fortable appearance, while the flood 

I 12 


- i 

Across the hall is the temple of 
justice, no less magnificent or com- 
plete in its appointments than that 
devoted to learning. Like the library 

room, the court room is two stork- 
in height. It is surmounted by a 
low, round dome, with a ceiling light 
of ground glass. The Moor of the 



Hon. Geo r ge C. Gilmce, Trustee. 

of light from the windows on three 
sides and a large ground-glass sky- 
light makes reading easy even on 
the darkest of days. In the evening 
light will be furnished by a magni- 
ficent electric system, whose most 
attractive feature is an arrangement 
of 8S lights about the edge of the 






Hon. A'oert S. Batcnello', Trustee. 

Frank S. Streeter, Esc, Trustee. 

room is of white cement, the wain- 
scoting of marble, and the doors and 
casings of the best American quar- 
tered oak. 

The base of the dome is encircled 
by electric light fixtures, 98 in num- 
ber, which constitute a unique ami 
attractive feature ; and there are two 
fire-places, in marble and mosaic. 
on the north and south sides of the 
room. The platform for the bench 
supports a long, massive table of oak 
with a mahogany surface, seated at 
which the seven justices of New 
Hampshire's highest court will try 
their future cases. Private consulta- 
tion rooms for the judges adjoin the 
court room on the south, while 011 


1 1 

the north are similar apartments for 
the clerk of the court and members 
of the bar, with an iron vault for 
court records and official papers. 
All these rooms aie handsomely 
finished in marble, and are furnished 
with every appointment for the coin- 
fort and convenience of those for 
whose use they are intended. 

The second floor of the building- 
is reached by means of a broad stair- 
wax - of iron and marble, with a hand- 
some mahogany rail, leading from 
the northern end of the hall. Besides 
the library gallery, there are on this 
floor a suite of three rooms for the 
private use of the judges at the 
south-west corner, a room as vet 

Hon. Will, am H. 

unassigned at the north-west corner, 
Mid the art gallery, or "Library 
Hall," situated over the main hall, 
to which many of the oil portraits 
&OW hanging in the state house will 
[* removed. The floor of this room 
ls of mosaic laid in handsome design, 
l °e wainscoting is of Kcenc cement, 

Arthur H. Chas« 

and the arched panel roof is com- 
posed of ground plate glass. 

The basement is divided into two 
parts, in the eastern of which there 
are a library stack-room which will 
accommodate 50,000 volumes, a 


Arthur R. KirnDall, Esq. 



store room, and a shipping room The new home of the library i^ 

from which state publications arc absolutely fire proof, the only wood 
to be sent out for distribution among entering into its construction being 
town libraries or exchange with the the oak required for the door and 
libraries of other states. In the west window casings, and the mahogany 
basement are the janitor's apartments of the stair railing. All the parti- 
and the boiler room. Toilet rooms tion walls are of brick or terra cotta, 
are connected with the various apart- and the floors, galleries, roofs, ceil- 

and every ings, etc., are of the best rolled steel. 

Perfect in every part, and built to 

survive the storms of centuries, the 

building commission has given over 

to the state a structure of which all 

ments of the building 
modern convenience is furnished, 
the system of plumbing and drain- 
ing being the latest and most ap- 
proved. The electric light system 

>y f v \ 

The Art Gallery. 

is the first polyphase system com- 
plete ever put into a public building. 
It is constructed with brass armored 
conduits and Cutler push switches, 
the arrangement of which is one of 
the most perfect ever devised. Heat 
and ventilation are furnished by the 
Sturtevant blower apparatus, driven 
by a Cushman tri-phase motor, and 
are regulated automatically through 
the agency of electricity. The fur- 
niture of the building throughout is 
to be of the best American oak. 

her citizens may long be proud. The 
exercises of dedication, January S, 
were of a most impressive and inter- 
esting character. They were held 
in the main library room, at i o'clock 
p. m., in the presence of an audience 
composed of the most prominent peo- 
ple of Concord and the state. Hon. 
John S. H. Frink. of Portsmouth. 
was president of the day, and his 
scholarly address of introduction was 
followed by the delivery of the key.- 
to Governor Busiel by the chairman 


i is 

of the building commission, (".en. 
Charles H. Burns, of Wilton, and 
their acceptance by his excellency 

in behalf of the state. Appropriate 
remarks were made by Hon. Isaac 
\V. Smith, of Manchester, in behalf 
of the supreme court, by Hon. 
George C. Gilmore, of Manchester, 
for the library trustees, and by 
Mayor Parsons B. Cogswell in behalf 
of the city of Concord. The oration 
was by the Rev. William Jewett 
Tucker, D. 1)., LL. 1)., president of 

. . . . 

of the state library very little is 
recorded. As a mere collection of 
provincial acts and journals its exist- 
ence may be traced to the early colo- 
nial times, and we are told by Eng- 
lish authorities that Xew Hampshire 
took the lead in the establishment of 
a state library, and that the date of 
establishment was as early as 1777. 
It miast have remained small and 
without permanent domicile, how- 
ever, until the erection of the Capitol 
buildirg in 18 19, when it was allotted 

The Main Corridor 

Dartmouth college, and will be long 
remembered by those who heard it 
as one of the most admirable ever 
delivered in the state. Of equal 
merit was the address, which closed 
the dedicatory exercises, by Hon. 
Aiusworth R. Spofford. of Washing- 
ton, librarian of congress. In the 
evening of the same day the library 
building was the scene of the most 
brilliant social event ever held in the 
s tate, the grand inaugural reception 
( >f Governor Busiel. 

Of the origin and earlv historv 

a room., and soon after which, in 
1823*, the first appropriation for its 
enlargement, Sioo, was made by the 
legislature. The governor of the 
state mats then authorized "to pur- 
chase such books for the enlargement 
of the state library as he may think 

Larger accommodations were soon 
needed., and in 1S28 the north side 
of the state house was made into 
a library apartment. The first libra- 
rian served in 1833, but only dur- 
ing the legislative session, and it 



was not until the secretary of state 

was made librarian cx-offich\ in 1846, 
that the library really had any official 
head. The late Hon. George G. 
Fogg was secretary of state at that 
time, and we learn from his first 

, + 

Giles Wheeler. 

printed report as librarian, issued 
in June, 1847, that 152 volumes and 
pamphlets had been added to the 
library during the previous year. 

In 1 866, just after the state house 
was remodelled, the library was 
given its present quarters, which 

were especially constructed for it 
on the western side of the building, 

and it was made, at the same time, 
a distinct and coordinate state depart- 
ment, with lion. P. B. Cogswell, 
Gen. George Stark, and X. V. White 
house as the first board of trustees. 
William II. Kimball was elected to 
the permanent office of state librarian. 
and entered upon his duties June 1, 
I.S6;, at which time the library con- 
sisted of about 7,000 volumes. With 
the exception of one year — from Octo- 
ber 1, 1871, to October 1, 1872, when 
Mitchell Gilmore was librarian — Mr. 
Kimball held the office continually 
until 1S90, when failing health com- 
pelled him to resign, lie was suc- 
ceeded by his son, Arthur R. Kim- 
ball, who had long been his faithful 
assistant; and the present librarian. 
Mr. Arthur II. Chase, assumed the 
position in December last. 

Its magnificent new home will give 
to the state library of New Hamp- 
shire a larger influence than it has 
possessed in the past, — not princi- 
pally because the citizens of the com- 
monwealth will resort to it more gen- 
erally for guidance and instruction. 
but because it will be a visible and 
inspiring muniment of the glory and 
the dignity of learning. 

1 1 

— » , -.Ji 

->v e 

• ■■ . ■ 


,.'; ■■■: ' 


Conducted by Fred Go-d'i>ig, State Superintendent of Public Instruction. 

By Dr. L. R. Kkrnm, of Washington \ D. C. 

[Read before the State Teachers' Association of New Hampshire at Manchester, October 26, 1S94.] 


The third subject emphasized par- 
ticularly by Herbart and his disciples 
is "Interest"; the interest of the 
learner in what he is learning. Ah, 
will you say, here his simile of diges-' 
tion gives out ; there is nothing in 
the process of digestion with which 
to compare that imponderable ele- 
ment, interest, and its resultant atten- 
tion. I ask you to reserve your vic- 
torious smile until I have come to the 
end of my tether. I maintain that 
that which is interest in learning is 
appetite in eating. Appetite will 
make even poor cooking palatable, as 
interest will even make poor teaching 
successful. Several kinds of interest 
may be distinguished, such as inter- 
est in the person of the teacher, inter- 
est in the subject of study, and inter- 
est arising from external causes, such 
a * want and poverty, or for that mat- 
ter, ambition will act likewise. With 
*Ppetite no particular taste is neces- 

sary, but if a refined taste is con- 
nected with appetite and the whole 
process of digestion, how much better 
it will be for the eater! Intense at- 
tention arising from deep interest and 
close application may be likened unto 
refined taste. What a tremendous 
error it was of mine, when as a boy 
I ate indiscriminately, so that my 
mother was frequently tempted to 
say. "I think you would eat shoe- 
nails with equal relish.'' Had I then 
had the developed taste that is now 
my good fortune to possess, I am 
absolutely sure that I would have a 
better digestion than I do have. If, 
on the- other hand, I had always had 
the interest in and close attention to 
my studies I should be a vastly better 
scholar than I now am. The prac- 
tical Lesson we are to take from this 
is that the practice of forcing a child 
to learn is as futile and as pernicious 
as is forcing a child to eat what his 
stomach rejects. A little experience 



of my own may show you what I 
mean belter than explanations. 

One day a teacher called at my 
office saying-, — " I have among my 
pupils a veritable dunce ; he is 
wretched in every branch of study, 
sits there looking like a log, and 
apparently has no interest in any- 
thing going on in school. His prog- 
ress is of the slowest kind. Can 
you suggest a remedy?' 1 1 asked, 
"What are his home surroundings?" 
A.—" They are not elevating, to say 
the least. I know from hearsay that 
Hugo is pushed and knocked about, 
scolded constantly, and even whipped 
mercilessly by parents who do not 
understand the boy's absolute want 
of perception. His apathy is doubt- 
less the result of defective perceptive 

I made it my business to study the 
boy in the school-room. I seated 1 
myself near Hugo, took a slate and 
pencil and began to draw outline 
sketches of things that might amuse 
him. Soon I saw him imitating me. 
and that with a dexterity and skill 
which fairly took my breath away. 
I smiled at him encouragingly, en- 
tered into a whispered conversation 
with him concerning the pictures he 
drew, induced him to show me my 
mistakes in drawing, which he did 
readily and without assumption. See- 
ing in me a "hail fellow well met," 
he warmed and opened up his soul to 
me as he had perhaps never done in 
his life. 

There was a rich and warm hearted 
life under a crust of apparent apathy, 
and I was determined to awaken it 
and reconcile it with its surroundings. 
We two adjourned to my office, and 
for a whole hour he conversed freely 
with me, showing no reserve, after see- 

ing that I meant well. After report- 
ing to the teacher the substance and 
character of our conversation, she 

blanched, and cried out from the bot- 
tom of her troubled heart, — " Have I 
misjudged the boy ? Lord forgive 
me if I have ! " ( Bless her impulsive 


We agreed upon a plan for action 
with regard to the "dunce," as Hugo 

had been called by everybody. For 
a number of weeks we gave him the 
privilege of coming to my office when- 
ever he felt like doing so. We gave 
him work to do, yes. but made all 
that work have relation to drawing ; 
all his arithmetic was closely coupled 
with drawing and sketching, till 
slowly, but by perceptible degrees, 
his interest in other things was awak- 

One episode of his cure is very 
vividly imprinted in my memory. 
Hugo showed a decided dislike to 
reading; I argued with him, saving 
that some day, when he would be a 
great artist, he would wish to read 
what people said of him ; he would 
certainly want to read the criticisms 
made upon his work in the journals. 
Well, queer as it may seem, and 
questionable as the incentive may 
have been, from a moral point of 
view, it is a fact that from that day 
the boy bent all his energy upon 
reading, until after a few months he- 
read as fluently as most of his school- 
mates, who were considered bright 
boys, when he was the dunce. To 
cut a long story short, the boy is now 
a very creditable pupil, though by no 
means a shining light in scholarly 
attainments. He is fairly equipped 
for higher grades: and if in future 
years Hugo should become a great 
painter, which is not at all impossi- 



ble, some of his schoolmates may be 

proud of having gone to school with 
him. I need not say that he has a 
very soft spot in his heart for me. 

If you will permit me I will add 
another leading thought of Herbart. 
It is, " Instruction must be continu- 
ous." What does he mean by that? 
Webster defines continuity as being 
an uninterrupted connection, 'a close 
union of parts, a cohesion. " Law 
of continuity^ the principle that noth- 
ing passes from one state to another 
without passing through all the inter- 
mediate states." Or, I might in- 
terpret by saying, that progress in 
school (and progress here implies 
that of teaching as well as of learn- 
ing) should be a step-by-step move- 
ment ; that there should be no break 
in the procedure which might cause 
disturbance. But that would not be 
sufficient. There is still a vague- 
ness about these definitions. 

Let me say, then : By continuity 
of instruction we mean, that the mat- 
ter of instruction should be given in 
genetic order. We mean that im- 
movable and perpetual order estab- 
lished since the creation of the uni- 
verse, which in philosophy is called 
the law of continuity, in virtue of 
which everything that is done is 
done by degrees infinitely small. It 
stems to be the dictate of good sense 
that no change is made by means of 
leaps Natura non operator per salt inn. 
I Xature does not operate in leaps) ; 
and nothing in nature's own unhur- 
ried manner of growth can pass from 
one extreme to another without pass- 
ing through all the intermediate de- 

Xow, what is true of nature's 
.' r i"<>wth must hold good of the mind; 
man existing not outside of. but 

within nature, being part and parcel 
of nature. So. then, all the items of 
each branch of study should be so 
presented that they form a genetic 
order. Furthermore, all the different 
brandies of study should have an 
organic connection with each other. 
And here come in the art and .^kill 
of the teacher, which no organiza- 
tion, be it never so wise, no text- 
book, be it never so excellent, can 
replace. There must be a continu- 
ous adaptation, in fact, which mere 
text-book slaves cannot practice, even 
though they understand it. 

Thus, for instance, it would seem 
wise to choose the examples used in 
grammar from the material gained in 
other studies, as geography, history, 
arithmetic, as well as literature. In 
other words, we should feed our 
instruction in language from the 
material the child has at hand. In 
spelling, we should use new words 
which the child meets in all branches 
of study, and not only from a spell- 
ing-book, the contents of which are 
in no organic connection with the 
child's thought-material. In arith- 
metic, we should use problems taken 
from the child's home experience, or 
such as afford an organic connection 
with the child's range of thought. 
In short, genetic order in each study, 
and organic connection between the 
different studies, will cause continu- 
ity of thought, which is a condition 
of mental growth, and therefore a 
condition of success in teaching. 

There certainly can be no doubt as 
to the desirability of connecting, log- 
ically and organically, all the matter 
of instruction, so that erratic leaping 
between distant points be avoided. 
But, my friends, that is but half the 
principle. So far, my explanations 



had reference to continuity in the 
mailer of instruction only. The con- 
tinuity of the child's mind is of even 
greater importance. If the child is 

not prepared to take the next step in 
an otherwise genetic train of thought, 
you will not be able to lift him up to 
it, since he must grow up to it. If 
he is not prepared to comprehend the 
next thought, you cannot ingraft it 
upon his mind, since the mind must 
develop thought within. 

A thought, be it indigenous or not, 
cannot spring into life, or enter the 
child's mind as a complete, finished 
thing. It necessitates the action of 
thinking not only of this one thought, 
but of several others which lead up to 
it. If I make any one a present of a 
dollar, which T may have earned by 
hard toil and labor, it requires no toil 
and labor on his pail to take it and 
enjoy its use. But I cannot give him 
a thought, without making: him earn 
it ; that is, not without requiring him 
to go through the effort of thinking 
like myself, which will be impossible 
if the conditions are not the same in 
both minds. 

The " natural " method of teaching- 
derives its name from the fact, that it 
is in harmony with the laws of natu- 
ral growth, expansion, and develop- 
ment. Continuity of instruction re- 
fers to the progressing activity of the 
learner. He is to be led in such a 
manner that he will not be obliged to 
make unnatural leaps, but will make 
steps according to the size of his own 
legs ; that is, his progress will be 
measured accurately by the capacity 
of his comprehension. A train of 
thought which may seem unbroken 
to an adult, is, perhaps, not so to 
a child. How often have I heard 
teachers say,— "Can't you see that 

yet? Haven't I made that clear 
enough yet ? " 

You may easily see that buying an 
article for ten cents and intending to 
make a gain of twenty per cent., you 
would have to sell it for twelve cent^. 
But a child will necessarily walk 
slowly before he comes to the same 
conclusion. There are many links 
between the first elementary idea of 
percentage and the child's ability to 
see, as readily as the merchant does, 
what price must be put on the article 
to make a gain of twenty per cent. 
It cannot be urged too strongly, that 
the principle of continuity has to be 
applied both to the matter of instruc- 
tion and to the mind of the learner. 
The different degrees of comprehen- 
sion among the pupils necessitate a 
constant adaptation of the matter to 
the mind, and in this the teacher's 
skill is tested. 

I know, ni}' friends, that this is 
anything but an amusing topic : but 
it does not admit of humor. A few 
words on "text-books" may close 
this address. Genetic and logical 
order is preserved, nay, highly culti- 
vated, in our modern text-books ; 
but while each offers that order and 
development within its own range, it 
rejects, as it were, a connection with 
other branches of study. I have in 
mind the many books on grammar. 
that present the subject cut loose 
from all other, even kindred, subjects, 
such as composition and literature. 
The same holds good in text-books 
of geography, history, arithmetic, 

Kach book illustrates the continu- 
ity in the mailer of instruction, which, 
of course, is one of its chief merits, a 
conditio sine qua non. But the books 
of necessitv leave out of consideration 



the continuity of the child's mind y 

and therefore must be handled by a 
teacher who understands the child as 
well as his subject. The text-book 
must be again degraded to its proper 
position — to that of a means of in- 
struction. It cannot, and should not, 
replace the teacher, who alone can 
make the proper selection, with refer- 
ence to the actual state of mind of 
liis pupils. He alone can know what 
questions to ask, what matter to pre- 
sent, and in what manner to present it. 
The value of text- books has been 
overrated. It may be unpleasant to 
hear it, but it must be said. In the 
same proportion in which the text- 
books grew better, the teachers grew 
weaker. I think I can see a com- 
plete chain of cause and effect in this. 
Others say,— In the same proportion 
in which good but poorly paid teach- 
ers stepped out of the profession and 
were replaced by poorly prepared 
teachers, in the same proportion the 
text-books of necessity grew better. 
I accept this as a more charitable 
explanation ; but wish to emphasize 

again that the best text-book cannot 
replace the good teacher, because it 
disregards the continuity of the mind 
by presupposing all minds alike. It 
cannot perform the functions of the 
good teacher, who, by continuous 
adaptation, fits the matter of instruc- 
tion to the capacity of the learner's 

To sum up, I have discussed four 
points: Concentric growth and its 
method of correlation of studies ; 
second, apperception, or the power of 
assimilation ; third, interest, or the 
incentive of attention; and fourth, 
continuity in teaching and learning. 
These are merely a few leading ideas 
expressed in homespun English, for 
if I had used Herbert's language I 
am positive that not a baker's dozen 
of you would have remained to hear 
me to the end. If according to your 
light I have inteqoreted Ilerbart erro- 
neously, charge it to my account, not 
to him ; for as King Alfred said, 
14 Every one is held for what he say- 
eth and the acts he doeth, and not 
for those of others." 

By Dr. E. E. II 'kite. 

The problem here is: Given, a 
school of say forty pupils, from five 
to eighteen years of age, in one room, 
and with one teacher ; to find the 
best method of instruction. The 
pupils possess very unequal attain- 
ments. These pupils need instruc- 
tion adapted to their needs each term, 
fhe health of teacher and pupil limits 
each session to about six hours, 
further, good instruction must be 
given in all the common branches. 

It is not, of course, possible for us 

teachers to instruct each pupil sepa- 
rately in each branch. Hence the non- 
classification system must be aban- 
doned. This plan of individual instruc- 
tion is feasible only in a very small 
school. I do not think there ever was 
the unclassified school of which teach- 
ers are now hearing so much. Xo at- 
tempt was made in the first schools of 
which I know in arithmetic. This 
lack of classification was of undoubted 
advantage to the few smart pupils, 
but not to ninety-five per cent. 



The graded school solution, /. e. , 
on the plan of the city schools. This 
separates the pupils into at least six- 
teen grades, which gives at least for- 
ty-eight daily class exercises. Such 
a classification of the one-teacher 
school is evidently impossible. 

The course of instruction must be 
flexible ; smoothness and order must 
often be sacrificed to the health of 
teacher and pupil. 

A third solution of the problem is 
the three-grade solution. This is 
based on the psychical periods of 
development — the kindergarten, mid- 

dle, and the advanced or grammar 

period. This is a natural and simple 
grading for the country school with 
one teacher. The pupils from term to 
term can be reclassified. The essen- 
tial provision here is that the work of 
each grade be completed before the 
pupil is advanced into the next grade. 
What the public schools need is 
such an organization that will allow 
its own teachers and diversely ad- 
vanced pupils to make the most prog- 
ress with the best preservation of 
time and health. — A 7 . E. Journal of 


The multiplication of dictionaries, 
and especially the multiplication of 
correct ways of pronouncing words, 
tends to diminish the popular esti- 
mate of the importance of correct 
pronunciation. It is easy for one 
to shield himself behind the fact 
that there is authority for his way, 
and one is tempted to say so even 
though he has no definite knowledge 
that there is such authority. Take 
for illustration the word expert as a 
noun. The Standard Dictionary 
gives it simply as expert, which is 
the recognized better pronuncia- 
tion ; but the International and the 
Century both allow the expert', and 
these make it good usage. There 
are so many cases of this kind that 
we become careless in our self-train- 
ing and in pronunciation. 

There is an occasional word like 
address, of which there are not two 
pronunciations, but which many of 
us mispronounce from habit which 
was formed in the days when care- 
lessness was not a crime. 

Prof. William I) wight Whitney, 
the lexicographer, does not put it a 
whit too forcibly when he says. 
"People speak fifty times as much 
as they write, and yet pronunciation 
has received much less attention than 

One great virtue in oral reading 
is that it gives the teacher a chance 
to see to what extent children pro- 
nounce correctly. But the class 
work and the language of the play- 
ground are of even greater moment. 
Those who have tried to learn and 
practice shorthand know how much 
articulation and pronunciation are 
neglected. There is need of more 
drill in enunciation and articulation 
than is given thereto in the schools 
of to-day. Success in this effort 
requires graded exercises skillfully 
arranged by a master mind. There 
is as much need of a good class 
book on pronunciation as there is 
of a spelling book or a grammar. 
— New England Journal of Educa- 
tion . 




Every school, whether country, vil- 
lage, or high school, ought to have a 
course of study, and it ought to be fol- 
lowed systematically throughout the 
year. In order to be practical, the 
course of study should give a definite 
idea of the work required in each 
branch during the month. The re- 
sults of such a course will be: 

First. — To advance the pupils step 
by step, to give them credit for work 
done and to lessen the damaging re- 
sults of too frequent change of teach- 

Second. — To unify the work in the 
common schools of the county, thus 
forming a basis for comparing, by 
means of written examinations or re- 

views, the results in the different 
schools, and for a closer and more 
effective supervision. 

Third. — To keep constantly before 
the minds of pupils subjects and prin- 
ciples, instead of paragraphs and 
pages, thus practically solving the 
vexed question concerning diversity 
of text-books, and rendering it possi- 
ble, by outlining by topics, for pupils 
to use whatever text-books they may 

Fourth. — To enable directors and 
parents to know better what the com- 
mon schools are accomplishing for 
their children, hoping in this way to 
gain their active sympathy in the 
work . — National Educator. 

^m'; ft E ■ ff 




George Clough was born in Epping, September 2, 1816, and died in Concord, 
January 2. In early life he drove stage; in 1842 became a conductor on the Con- 
cord railroad, and continued for twenty-four years. He was a member of the 
house of representatives in 1854, 1855, 1S85, and 1886. He was the last survivor 
of the fifteen influential men of Concord, Republicans and Democrats, whose names 
Were appended to a call for a meeting which was held in Phenix hall on the even- 
ing of September 19, 1S64, to consult in relation to measures to secure the filling 
of the quota for this city under the call of President Lincoln. 


Captain Hiram A. Campbell died in Henniker, January 3, aged 71 years. His 
grandfather, Major David Campbell, was a soldier of the Revolution ; his father, 


Captain Amos Campbell, commander of the Henniker Rifles when formed in 1S1S ; 
the son, a gallant soldier in the late war, as member of Company C, Sixty-first 
Massachusetts volunteers. fie married, June iS, 1S43, Livonia S. Barnes, of his 
town, and their golden wedding was fittingly celebrated June 19. 1S93. He is 
survived by a widow, one daughter, and four sons, and his was the first death that 
has occurred in the family. 


Daniel PI. Craig was born in Rumney, and died in Asbury Park, X. J., January 
5, aged 90 years. His father fought in the War of 1S12, and his grandfather was 
a Continental soldier. He learned the printer's trade and went to Xew York city 
while a young man. Before the general extension of the telegraph he organized a 
system of collecting European news by intercepting incoming steamers by small, 
swift schooners, oil the coast of Nova Scotia, and transmitting their despatches 
from Plalifax by carrier pigeons and a pony express line to Boston and Xew York. 
He was interested with the late Ezra Cornell and others in developing the tele- 
graph facilities of the country, and became wealthy, but lost his fortune later 
through untoward investments. He built a large country place near Peekskill, 
N. Y., which is now a Roman Catholic reformatory institution. 


Solomon H. Sleeper was born in Bristol March iS, 18 15, and died in Boston 
January 6. He began his business life in a country store, and engaged in the 
wholesale grocery trade in Boston in 1843, continuing until his death. He served 
four years in the Massachusetts legislature and six years in the Cambridge board 
of aldermen. He was greatly interested in charitable work, both of a private and 
public nature. He contributed largely to the support of the Avon Street Home of 
Cambridge, of which he was a director, as well as the Baldwin Street Home for 
Little Wanderers. Mr. Sleeper recently donated the sum of $5,000 to the Shep- 
ard Memorial church of Cambridge, and the Epworth Methodist Episcopal and 
other churches have received liberal contributions from him. The town of Bristol 
received a public library building costing $7,000, part of it the gift of Mr. Sleeper. 
S. S. Sleeper Camp 56, Sons of Veterans, of Cambridge was named in honor of 
Colonel Sleeper. He was a member of the Colonial, New Hampshire, and Cam- 
bridge Clubs. Colonel Sleeper leaves a widow and one son, Frank H. Sleeper of 

Newton, Mass. 


P'rederick S. Crawford was born in Yonkers, X. Y., Xovember 11, 1S22, and 
died in Concord, January 11. He learned the bookbinder's trade and engaged in 
business in Concord in 1854, continuing until his death. He was for several years 
city librarian, and held various positions of trust. 


Dr. James H. French was born in Canaan, and died in Penacook January 12, 
aged 62 years. He was a dentist by profession, a member of the Xew England 


fetal Society, and chairman of the executive committee of the New Hampshire 
ntal Society. He was a cavalry veteran, serving from December, 1S61, until 
: spring of 1S66. 


Hon. Still man Humphrey was born in Croydon, November 15, 1S33, and died 
Concord, January 13. He was engaged in the hardware business in Concord 
im 1856 until his death. He had served in the legislature, as a railroad com- 
ssioner, as mayor of Concord 1SS9-1S91, and as a member of the police com- 
ssion. He was twice married and is survived by a widow, one son, and two 


Daniel F. Secomb was born in Amherst, January 17. 1S20, and died in Concord, 
nuary 14. He became a resident of Concord in 1S48, and was engaged in the 
mufacture of pianos for several years. He was librarian of the New Hampshire 
istorical Society, and from 1SS1 until his death librarian of the Concord public 
rary. He was the author of the History of Amherst and of numerous historical 


Hon. David E. Willard was born in Orford June 3, 1S2S, and died in Concord, 
nuary 17. He was educated at Kimball Union Academy, and was engaged in 
ide at Orford until 1SS5, when he removed to Concord. He was railroad com- 
issioner in 1S79, 18S0, and 1881, and a member of the state senate in 1SS3 and 
Be. Mr. Willard is survived bv a widow and bv two sons and one daughter. 
1. Willard was of a family of seven sons and daughters, and of them he was the 
st to leave the family circle. 


Dr. Cyrus M. Fisk was born in Chichester, January 9, 1825, and died in Brad- 
rd, January 20. He received the degree of M. D. at Dartmouth in 1847, and in 
US began to practice at Bradford, remaining there until 1872. In the latter 
MX he moved to Lowell, which was his home until 1893, when lie returned to 
radford. In November, 1S62, he enlisted as a private in the Sixteenth N. H. 
olunteers, was made assistant surgeon, and for nine months served gallantly 
^der General Banks; was commissioned surgeon with the rank of major, June 13, 
^63, and was mustered out in August of that year and returned to Bradford. Dr. 
isk was a member of the Lowell school committee in 1877-1878 ; from 1SS0 until 
$93 he was a faithful member of St. John's hospital staff, and was for many years 

member of the hospital trustees; was a member of the Middlesex North Medical 
ociety ; and served for many years as a trustee of the Lowell Institution for 
avings. and was for twelve years chairman of the board of United States pension 
Kaminers in Lowell. His wife, who was married to him in Hopkinton, Decem- 
er 8, 1848, survives him. 



George Azro Bingham was born in Concord, Vt., April 25, 1S26, and died in 
Littleton, January 22. He was educated in the schools of Vermont, studied law 
with Hon. Thomas Bartlett at Lyndon, Vt., and was admitted to the bar in 18 p. 

He practised his profession at Lyndon until July, 1852, and then settled at Little- 
ton and became associnted with his brother in business under the name of H. & 
G. A. Bingham, continuing until 1S70, except three years, when the brothers asso- 
ciated themselves with Andrew S. Woods and his son Edward of Bath, with ofl 
at Littleton and Bath. The copartnership was dissolved in 1S70. and Mr. .Hic- 
ham continued to practise alone until 1S76, when he was appointed a justice of the 
supreme court, holding that position until October 1, 18S0. At that time he 
resigned and formed a partnership with Hon. Edgar Aldrich and 1). C. Remich, 
under the firm name of Bingham, Aldrich, and Remick. In December, 1SS4, Mr. 
Bingham was reappointed and served as member of the court until March, 1891, 
when he again resigned and formed a partnership with his son under the name of 
Bingham & Bingham. He was a member of the national Democratic convention 
of i860, was twice elected to the state senate, twice to the house of representa- 
tives, and was a candidate for congress in 1SS0. He had been a member of the 
Littleton board of education, a trustee of the State Normal school, director of the 
Littleton National bank, and president of the savings bank of that town. 


Rev. Albert H. Martin was born in Bradford, Yt., April 19. 1823. and died at 
Centre Tuftonborough, January 19. Before his twenty-first birthday he was fil 
pulpits of the Christian denomination, and some of its most important churches 
were his charge. Beside pastorates in Massachusetts, Vermont, Maine, and New 
Brunswick, he was stationed in Hill, Belmont, Thornton, Salisbury, Andover, 
Groton, Hebron, Stratham, Hampton Falls, and Tuftonborough. He is survived 
by a widow and four children. 


Hiram A. Hitchcock, associate professor of civil engineering in the Thayer 
School of Civil Engineering, died at Hanover, January 17, aged 38 years. 
He was graduated from Dartmouth in 1879, and from the Thayer School 
of Civil Engineering in 18S1. After acting as engineer for a New York rail- 
road for two years he was elected to the professorship which he held to the time 
of his death. Mr. Hitchcock married the daughter of Professor C. A. Young of 
Princeton college. He was a nephew of Hon. Hiram Hitchcock of New York. 

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MARIANI & CO., IZ 77. 16th St., irex?::*. 

turn: 41 B4. Hausuaann. 
LnstrxK: 239 Oxford Street. 

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We warn youi trade, ' 

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A. D. 1995. A RRORHEOY. 

Up to Date: "Harold, I offer you my heart, hand, and fortune." 
h.i. PRESCOTT: "How lovely, but what ; ,s the size of the fortune?" 
"I get $10,000 a year from my law practice, and if you accept I shall let Fi 

insure me for $50,000 for your benefit." 
"Who is this Frost?" 
"Nicholas I ; rost, grandson of the Nicholas Frost who was General Agent "' : 

N. H. of the State Mutual Life of Worcester one hundred years ago. 
"It was Nicholas Frost who insured my great grandfather for $10,000 one hun- 
dred year- ago. I have heard Father say what a splendid policy it was. 1 
"Yes, indeed, it is a splendid policy with its cash and paid up values • r 

year after the first, with annual return of dividends." 
"I will do nil that I can to make your home happy, but you must first ask Man. 


nARCH, 1695. 




I2 7 



Rev. A. J. Gordon, D. D., Mrs. Howard L. Porter . 

The Manchester Pre^s Club, Park J. Stewart .... 

The North Wind's Winter Outing, Edward A. Jenks 

New Hampshire's Youngest City-: A Sketch of Franklin, George 

H. Moses 1 

Wild Reutlingen. A Romance of the Time of the Great King 

i (Translated from the German of Hans Werder), Agatha B. E. 
Kducational Department, Fred Gowing ..... 

N'ew Hampshire Necrology ....... 



1 83 

The Granite Monthly for April. 1895, 


A Sketch of Peterborough 

The Great Concord Midwinter Carnival. 

Subscription : 52. oo per year; 51.50 if paid in advance; 20 cen^s per copy. 
Entered at the po^t-o::Ice at Concord, N. H., as second-class matter. 
Copyright, 1895, by ~\w Cranit' Monthly Company. All rights reserved. 
Illustrated and printed by the Republican Press Association, Concord. N. H. 





MANCHESTER. N, H.. FEB. 15, '95. 



X-ZALIA is a Liqnid Vegetable Discovery, for external use. It heals and cures 
Eczema, Erysipelas, Hemorrhoids, Inflammatory Rheumatism, Chilblains, Frost-Biws, 
Canker, Catarrh, arul all Surface Inflammations, and Cutaneous Affections. No 
edy on earth will remove the pain from a Scald <>r Burn or heal a Cut. Wound, ■ '■ 
Bruise so quickly as X-ZALIA. 

•V 'VAT T A »*r>T\T/l»XTn< /->/~k T^Af'TA >.T ^ If A C C 




Rev. A. J. Gordon, I). I). 

v \ 







1 ' 

Mrs. A. J. Gordon 








The Granite Monthly. 

Vol. XVII 

MARCH, 1S95. 


REV. A. J. GORDON, D. 1). 
By Mrs. Howard L. Porter. 

I v . ! 



5 &x%> 

EW Hampshire has 
sent forth many sons 
and daughters who 
have filled noble 
places in life in oth- 
er states, as authors, 
editors, poets, preach- 
ers, philanthropists, 
or leaders in great 
movements of the 
day, but few have ex- 
celled in all these different lines of work, 
as has Rev. Adoniram Judson Gordon, 
who, with the word " victory " upon his 
lips, has passed into the unseen since 
the last issue of the Granite Monthly. 
Trained during his boyhood by a Chris- 
tian father and mother, he realized the 
hopes of godly parents, who welcomed 
the little boy stranger on the 19th of 
April, 1836, in the town of New Hamp- 
ton, New Hampshire. 

John Calvin and Sallie Robinson 
Gordon, whose faces seem to speak to 
us to-day of all the gracious influences 
Inat must have surrounded that early 
New Hampshire home, were ardent 
supporters of foreign missionary work. 
»*ith loving interest they followed 
the career of Adoniram Judson, the 

pioneer American missionary, and 
soon decided to name their eldest 
soe Adoniram Judson Gordon, in mem- 
ory of the one whose mantle seemed to 
fall upon the beloved pastor of Claren- 
don Street church, Boston. In 1871 
the board of managers of the Ameri- 
can Baptist Missionary Union elected 
Dr. Gordon a member of the execu- 
tive committee, and in 18SS he was 
made its chairman. Although not 
called to foreign lands, no one per- 
son in the Baptist denomination has 
done more for the cause of mis- 
sions than this distinguished preacher, 
by writing, personal effort, providing 
money, according to his ability, and 
influencing others to give. 

The father and mother were deeply 
interested in the work of the Baptist 
Theological seminary then located in 
New Hampton. Each Sabbath evening 
a few of the students were invited to 
take tea in the Gordon home. While 
the mother was preparing their even- 
ing meal the children listened to the 
conversation, bearing upon religious 
and missionary topics, and after the 
supper was cleared away they all sat 
about the open fireplace discussing 



these subjects, which were impressed 
upon the minds of the children. Thus 
Judson Gordon was receiving important 

truths and lessons that were to affect 
his future career. 

During the early years of his life, 
while yet a student in New London 
academy, which has sent forth many 
earnest, devoted men and women — 
to-day having the largest number of 
pupils in its history — Judson Gordon 
decided to prepare himself for the min- 
istry. Graduating from this school, 
with honors, he entered Brown Univer- 
sity, from which institution he took his 
degree in i860. Dr. VVayland Hoyt, 
of Minneapolis. Minn., Rev. Dr. Dun- 
can, secretary of the Missionary Union, 
Hon. Ethan Allen, of New York, and 
other well known names were enrolled 
in that class. 

Those who knew Judson Gordon 
during these student days remarked 
that consecration of purpose, beautiful 
faith, and loyalty to God's word, which 
increased as the years went by, charac- 
terizing not only his own career, but the 
life of the churches to which his minis- 
try was given in Jamaica Plain and 
Glarendon Street, Boston. 

It is interesting to note, also, that 
this quiet man, apparently so moderate 
in all his deliberations, possessed tact 
and a quick wit that was often of ser- 
vice to himself and others in after life. 
Rev. M. R. Deming, in a recent address, 
spoke of his acquaintance with Dr. 
Gordon, giving an incident which illus- 
trated this characteristic. 

"I met him when he had just gradu- 
ated from Brown University. He had 
established his reputation as a finished 
writer, a great wit, a man of most genial 
disposition, and a sincere Christian. 
He was once 'hazed' by half a dozen 
'Sophs.' They broke into his room 

after midnight, dragged him from 
put him on a table, and sternly ordered 
him to preach them a sermon. He 
complied, and took for his text, 'A cer- 
tain man went down from Jerusalem to 
Jericho and fell among thieves.' Hi- 
sermon was a success." 

Like other Xew Hampshire men who 
have found noble wives in the city of 
Providence, while pursuing their studies 
in Brown University, there was in keep- 
ing for him. one whose life has been 
the complement to his own. 


863, Miss Maria Hale. 

of Providence, became the wife of 
Rev. A. J. Gordon. Those who have 
watched their united work in church., 
temperance, missions, and many other 
fields of labor, have been convinced 
again and again that she was prepared 
for the great work intrusted to her care. 
and the part she was to have in assist- 
ing: and forwarding the work of Dr. 

After graduating from Xewton Theo- 
logical Seminary and accepting the call to 
Jamaica Plain, one of the first baptisms 
in the church was that of his wife. The 
congregation was soon greatly increased, 
and many were added to the church. 

In 1S69 a wider sphere of useful- 
ness opened for him in Boston, and Dr. 
Gordon was installed pastor of the Clar- 
endon Street church, where he labored 
twenty-five years, leaving the memory of 
a consecrated life and faithful ministry. 

Dr. and Mrs. Gordon have been so 
fully united in purpose and work, that it 
would be almost impossible to consider 
one without including the other. The 
voice of Mrs. Gordon has frequently 
been heard upon the subjects of mis- 
sions and temperance, or in Bible read- 
ings from Scriptural subjects. 

While she has been thus active- 
ly engaged in Christian and philan- 



thtopic work — serving as president 
of the Boston W. C. T. U. fifteen years 
— it is first of all as mother and wife 
that her influence has been richly 

How beautifully and generously Dr. 
Gordon used to speak of all he owed to 
a consecrated, devoted Christian wife, 
both in the home and in church work ! 

Eight children have been born to Dr. 
and Mrs. Gordon, six of whom are now 

who has been a special comfort to the 
father and mother, entering into all 
their interests and work with so much 
helpfulness, is in the home, with Theo- 
dora, the youngest daughter, yet in the 
primary school. Surrounded by the 
refinements of a Christian home, where 
several of the children have become 
accomplished musicians, we believe they 
will go forth as living epistles, testifying 
to the power of Christ in the home 







Dr. A. J. Gordon ar.d Farriiy. 

living, testifying to the influence of a 
Christian home and training, which may 
be a model for other homes. The 
oldest daughter, Haley, who like her 
mother was early devoted to Christian 
work, married Rev. E. M. Poteat, of 
New Haven, Conn. Two sons, Ernest 
and Arthur, are graduates of Harvard 
College, and the latter is a student in 
Newton Theological Seminary, prepar- 
ing for the ministry. One daughter, 
Helen, is a student in Wellesley Col- 
lege, while the second daughter, Elsie, 

Through the instrumentality of this 
devoted husband and wife the Boston 
Missionary Training school, adjoining 
their own home on West Brookline 
street, was founded, with Dr. Gor- 
don as president and Mrs. Gordon 
secretary -treasurer. Many of those 
who have gone out into foreign mis- 
sionary work from the Boston Training 
school have been specially helped by 
their ministration, having been cared 
for in their own home, as well as en- 
couraged by their advice and assistance. 

1 30 


1. /. GORDON, D. D. 

Dr. Gordon's name is well known in 
connection with the Boston Industrial 
Home, which he was instrumental in 
forming and which has been wonder- 
fully blessed. Those who need assist- 
ance may receive food and lodging in 
return for their labor, on the industrial 
plan. Religious services are conducted 
for persons thus employed, and a gospel 
temperance meeting is held on each 
evening in the week. Men who go to 
this home, in the depths of wickedness, 
are led into a different life, and the 
Industrial Home is to many of them 
the very gateway of Heaven. Other 
homes have been modeled after the one 
in Boston, in San Francisco, Salt Lake 
City, Milwaukee, Chicago, Washington, 
Jersey City. New Haven, and Albany, 
so that the work Dr. Gordon was instru- 
mental in starting in Boston is bearing 
fruit all over the land. As president of 
this home, who can measure the work 
of Dr. Gordon ? 

The New England Evangelistic Asso- 
ciation, the Young Men's Christian 
Association, the Young People's Society 
of Christian Endeavor, and many other 
organizations have received his hearty 
cooperation and help. Dr. Gordon 
looms up before us, in connection with 
these grand enterprises, as a tower of 
strength in which a vast host might 
take refuge. 

The WatiliK'urd is a welcome visitor 
in many New Hampshire homes, and 
as editor of this paper his influence 
has been felt all over the world. Dr. 
Gordon was also one of the assistant 
editors of the Missionary Ra iew rf the 
Wort J, of which Dr. A. T. Pierson is 

The book " In Christ " is perhaps 
most familiar to those who have read 
Dr. Gordon's works, as it was one of his 
earliest publications. Some one attrib- 

utes the " secret of its popularity" to its 
11 nearness to the heart of Christ." 

The little book has brought comfort 
to many souls, serving also as a guide 
and inspiration. The writer of this 
sketch received a copy of "In Christ *' 
after being baptized by Dr. Gordon in 
Clarendon Street church, and the author 
wrote, as an inscription, " In memory of 
Feb. 23, the date of baptism." He fre- 
quently sent this book to those who 
were converted through his instrumen- 
tality, or were baptized in his church. 
In the following years " Congregational 
Worship," " Grace and Glory," " The 
Ministry of Healing," "The Two-Fold 
Life," " Ecce Venit," and the " Holy 
Spirit in Missions," appeared. "The 
Ministry of the Spirit," the last book 
written by Dr. Gordon, was published 
just before he passed away. 

"In Christ," "The Two-fold Life," 
" The Ministry of Healing," and " Ecce 
Venit," have been rendered into 
Swedish, and permission has been 
given for a German translation of 
" Ecce Venit." 

"The Coronation Hymnal" repre- 
sents a five years labor of love, which 
was, as he said, his "recreation." This 
hymnal is a rich legacy to his family 
and to the Christian church. 

The hymns written by Dr. Gordon, so 
full of tender devotion, will carry his 
influence on through the ages. The 
spirit of the man breathes through 
his writings, and his efforts were ever 
directed to the spiritual uplifting of his 
readers and listeners, rather than to 
the attaining of literary renown and 

Speaking in different places, through- 
out our land and abroad, he carried the 
sweet influence of the Gospel wherever 
his voice was heard. 

Rev. Joseph Cook said of him in 

REV. .1. J. GORDOX, D. D. 


a recent address : " Dr. Gordon as a 
preacher was first and last Biblical. 
I believe he would have astonished 
his congregations had he illustrated 
his sermons by quoting the secular 


■ .. U 

Clarendon Street Baptist Church, Boston, Mass. 

poets or by telling anecdotes. But if 
he quoted at all in his sermons, it 
was from the divines of the apostolic- 
church, and you felt that he was in tit 
company. lie was one with St. John 
and St. Paul. His career was a globe 
of spiritual fire. The power of that 
globe should be a warning to us in this 
age of Bible-belittlers/' 

It was thought by many that Dr. Gor- 
don resembled Phillips Brooks, and in 
later years the likeness was particularly 
noticeable. While his delivery was less 
rapid, the power of the Spirit was won- 
derfully manifested in the preaching of 
both. His face bore the impress of 
inner consecration, and upon his massive 
forehead was stamped an ineffaceable 

phylactery, as if the Lord's own finger 

had traced the inscription. "As thou 
hast sent me into the world, even so 
have I sent them into the world." 

His whole bearing deepened the 
impression of his masterful grip of the 
truth and his clarity of thought in 
preaching the truth to others, while his 
abso/.ute sincerity and consecration 
were beyond question, even at first 
sight. Dr. Gordon spoke as an eye 
witness of the Christ, as one who sat 
and supped with Him, hearing the 
words of life as they fell from His holy 
lips. He seemed familiar with the 
mountain passes that lie in the King's 
highway to the "green pastures" and 
" stiH waters," having learned them from 
a personal following of a personal 
Christ. You may have listened to 


_ltn-.aica Plain Baptist Church, Boston, Mass. 

Spur^con in the London Tabernacle. 

You tried to discern the secret of his 
power, and perhaps were almost sur- 
prised at the simplicity of language, 
with no attempt at orator). You were 


REV. A. /. GORDON, D. P. 

convinced, as this wonderful preacher company in her own home at which Dr. 
opened his mouth to speak, that he Gordon was present. After all were seat- 
aimed to preach the Gospel in its si m- ed at the table and the blessing had been 

plicity, unfolding the Scriptures in all 
their beauty, while the entire, atmos- 
phere of the tabernacle indicated the 
presence of the Spirit in a marked de- 

Dr. Gordon was a man of wide cul- 
ture, interested in the cause of educa- 
tion, acting as a trustee of Brown Uni- 
versity and Newton Theological Semi- 
nar)-, versed in literature and history as 
well as topics of the day, yet his preach- 
ing, like that of Spurgeon, was "first and 
last Biblical." Dr. Gordon seemed to me 
a man whom the truth had made versatile 
enough to tit into any age of the world. 
An Abraham in Abrahamic days, a 
Moses in the days of the Exodus, a 
Das id in Davidic days, an Isaiah in 
prophetic days, a Paul, a St. John, a 
Luther. While the greater gifts and 
achievements naturally attract our atten- 
tion and are summed up in connection 
with such a ministry as that of Dr. Gor- 
don's, it is sometimes in the more 
obscure touches of life, the more hidden 
expressions, that after all the golden 
sunbeams, the sweet pictures come to 
us. which are kept in memory's vault 
when the larger work becomes a thing of 
the past. 

The beautiful simplicity of that great 
soul impressed all those who were 
brought in contact with Dr. Gordon. 
He who could unfold the rich truths of 
Scripture, who was listened to with rapt 
attention in the great congregation, could 
mend ? broken doll or toy for the baby 
girl, construct playthings for the amuse- 

asked, one of the irrepressible children 
remarked. " Dr. Gordon, mamma has all 
the best china and silver out for com- 
pany — some that we don't have every 
day'l " 

How quickly he came to the assist- 
ance of the hostess, by appearing to 
thoroughly enjoy the announcement, 
relieving all embarrassment and really 
turning the conversation into a jovial, 
amusing channel, making that which 
might have been a damper, a happy out- 
come. That kind heart and Christian 
courtesy was ever directed toward 
smoothing the hard places in life, and 
making those with whom he came in 
contact happier because of the meeting. 
The personal generosity of Dr. Gor- 
don cannot pass unnoticed. While the 
church of which he was pastor at the 
time of his death has given such noble 
sums for home and foreign missionary 
work, the contributions of Dr. and 
Mrs. Gordon are worthy of note as 
examples of Christian giving. They 
took, as a standard/" Give to him that 
asketh of thee," and their aid has 
been sought in connection with many 
branches of religious and philanthropic 
work. A thousand dollars was cheer- 
fully given from his salary for benev- 
olent work last year. Such noble giv- 
ing on the part of a pastor and his wife 
could not fail to awaken a response in 
the hearts of the people. 

While Dr. Gordon did rely upon God 
so fully for the means with which to cam- 
on the work, his tact and forethought on 
ment of the boys, and enter into the feel- various occasions were interesting to 
ings of his children in their joys and sor- note. Atone time last year a copy of 
rows with all the fatherly solicitude and "The Holy Spirit in Missions " was sent 
love which brings comfort and satisfac- to those who previously contributed to 
Hon. The writer remembers a dinner the Boston Missionary Training school. 

REV. A. /. GORDOX, D. I\ 


A printed slip was attached to the fly leaf, 
signed by Dr. Gordon in his own hand- 
writing, expressing gratitude for dona- 
tions in the past, while the work of the 

school was also set forth, suggesting what 
might be accomplished in the future. 

Dr. Gordon confidently expected that 
for which he asked, though the day 
began to wear away and no response: 
came. After a time he left home on 
other business. In a few minutes the 
door-bell rang, and a woman of ordinary 

That wonderful faith which impressed dress and appearance was ushered in. 

those who listened to his words was Finding that Dr. Gordon was away, she 

manifested in all the details of his life, was about to leave the house, when Mrs. 

"I am so impressed with the import- Gordon said to her,— "Can I do some- 

ance which God attaches to sweet vol- thing for you. or take the message?" 

untaries," says Dr. Gordon, "that I am "Well," she said, " I have heard 

often tempted to resolve never to beg a about the Missionary Training school, 


■■■ ' -A ■ 

i ■ 





■ Horn' 

Dr. A. J. Gordon, New Hamp'or, N. H. 

cent for God again, but rather to spend 
my energy in getting Christians spiritu- 
alized, assured that they will then cer- 
tainly become liberalized.'' 

His faith was often rewarded by 
these voluntary offerings, and many 
stories might be related of touch- 
ing significance in this connection. 
We are reminded of an incident in 
the history of the Missionary Train- 
ing school. As money was needed, the 
husband and wife were praying in their 
consecrated home that the Lord would 
send the required sum. 

and while I am a Presbyterian, I have 
been praying for the school, and feel 
as if I would like to give something 
toward it." 

The woman then proceeded to tell 
Mrs. Gordon that she was cooking in a 
family where she had been employed 
for many years, and that she had taken 
one hundred and fifty dollars from her 
bank account, including money earned 
over the cook-stove, that it might be 
given into the hands of Dr. Gordon to 
be used for the work to which her 
heart had been drawn. From such 


REV. A.J. GORDON, P. /). 

an unexpected source the money came 
for that day. Thus in simple trust this 
great soul went on from hour to hour, 
forwarding the work" of the Lord. 

We art- reminded of Dr. Gordon's 
words, — " It is a beautiful saving from 
one of our poets, who, speaking of our 
birth, says : * Every soul leaves port 
under sealed orders. We cannot know 
whither we are going or what we are to 
do till the time comes for breaking the 
seal.' But I can tell you something 
more beautiful than this. Every regen- 
erated soul sets out on its voyage with 
an invisible Captain on board, who 
knows the nature of our sealed orders 
from the outset, and who will shape our 
entire voyage accordingly, if we will 
only let him." 

In spirit Dr. Gordon surely uncon- 
sciously echoed the alleged words of 
Israel's singer, " My hands have made 
a harp and my fingers fitted a psal- 
tery." Certain it is "his harp was full 
stringed, and every angel of joy or sor- 
row swept over its cords as he passed." 
In memory he stands before us like 
David, " fit for loyal court or battle 
plain," a man after God's own heart. 
New Hampshire's hills and dales may 
have had a large share in fashioning the 
man so simple, yet so conversant with 
the varied forms of feeling that made 
him brother to his fellow-man in every 
plane of life. 

Dr. and Mrs. Gordon returned each 
year wich their family to the summer 

his power, not living to see the day of 
his activity pass by. 

Rev. A. T. Pierson, D. D., gave a 
beautiful tribute, with that of others, 
at the funeral of Dr. Gordon. " He 
would have been great," said Dr. 
Pierson, " in many spheres ; as a 
judge he would have been distin- 
guished for marvelous equity and stain- 
less probity ; as a musician he would 
have given to the world oratorios that 
would have rivaled those of Handel 
Mozart, and Beethoven. Had he been 
an emperor, he might have combined 
the majesty of a Charlemagne with the 
ability of a Caesar and the urbanity of 
an Alfred the Great, but he was 
greatest in his goodness, which was 
never to the discount of firmness, of 
courage, or of resistance to evil. Pie 
was a ripe fruit, and the husbandman 
simply bent down and plucked it at its 
ripeness. You could not expect to 
keep him longer, for the light on his 
brow was the light of anticipated trans- 

If any recent preacher could use 
the words of St. Paul, certainly no 
one could do so more truthfully than 
Dr. Gordon. "I have fought a good 
fight. I have finished my course. I 
have kept the faith, henceforth there 
is laid up for me a crown of righteous- 

'''•Live in Christ''' says John Knox. 
*' ' Live in Christ' and you need not 
fear the death of the fiesh." With 

home in New Hampton, X. H., the place these wordb Dr. Gordon closes that 

of his birth, and it was there that he 
spent his last vacation, after assisting 
Mr. I). L. Moody in Xorth field, with 
whom he was in full sympathy in con- 
ference and evangelistic work. 

Dr. Gordon was taken in the prime 
of his usefulness while at the zenith of 

beautiful book, " In Christ," and in a 
preceding paragraph, speaking of the 
''victory'' to which he referred when 
dying, Dr. Gordon dwells upon the hope 
beyond, saying, — "It is this hope that 
bridges the chnsm of death and enables 
the heart to bound across it in triumph." 



By Park J. 

R TT P HE Manchester Press 

*k if club, an organization 

iJ 4 y/ /;/ which, in the brief term 

^-x achieved a widely-known 
honorable reputation 

ygzzgX of its c 
\ ach 

^ i 
v* and 

for enterprise and hospitality, 
and which is recognized as a potent 
factor in the journalism of New 
Hampshire, had its inception in the 
fertile brain of Col. Alvin T. Thoits, 
now managing editor of The C tiion, 
and a member of the staff of His Ex- 
cellency, Gov. Charles A. Busiel. 

On the evening of Saturday, 
December 3, 1892, a small com- 
pany of the newspaper workers of 
Manchester, — the men who seek out 
and compile the news of the day 
and night, who respond to every 
demand upon their energies when- 
ever duty or an enthusiastic devo- 
tion to their calling demands, and 
who constitute the bone, muscle, 
and sinew of every newspaper, — 
assembled in the committee room of 
the old city hall building. Hon. 
E. J. Knowlton, at that time mayor 
of Manchester, himself an active 
journalist, called the meeting to 
order and explained the desirability 
of the organization of a press club 
as a member of the International 
League of Press Clubs. The idea 
was a taking one ; the preliminary 
steps were at once taken by the 
appointment of various committees. 
and Herbert X. Davison was elected 
as the first president of the club, 


Frank M. Frissellc as secretary, and 
Oscar H. A. Chamberlen as treas- 

Attractive apartments were secured 
in the Pickering building, and these 
the well-know generosity of Man- 
che-: r .er business men materially 
aided in furnishing, by contribu- 
tions of money and articles of 
utility and adornment. The deft 
hands of the ladies of the members 
also came to the aid of the organ- 
ization, and the rooms were trans- 
formed into an inviting resort of 
more than ordinary beauty. 

On Fast day, 1893, the club held 
its 6rst public reception, on which 
occasion its rooms were thronged 
with the representative people of 
the Queen city, the people who go 
to make up the social, political, and 
business life of the metropolis of 
the state. More than 1,200 persons 
called during the day, and enjoyed 
the cheery hospitality which the club 
set forth. 

On the evening of May 29, 1S93, 
the club presented, for its first 
annual benefit. Hoyt's "A Temper- 
ance Town," and never, before or 
since, has the Manchester opera 
house held a larger or better 
pleased audience. The popular 
playwright, Mr. Charles H. Hoyt, 
was present in person; and was 
called before the curtain. The club 
gave him and members of his com- 
pany an informal reception, and the 
occasion stand-, as one of the bright- 



est theatrical events in the amuse- 
ment history of the city. 

At the annual meeting of the club, 
in December following, Mr. Thoits 

was selected as the head of the 
organization, with Mirou W. Hazel- 
tine as secretary, while Mr. Chamber- 
len was continued as treasurer. In 
January, 1894, the club took out 
articles of incorporation, and in 
April, thereafter, the club transfer- 
red its headquarters to that haud- 

into one room. The Boors are of 
polished hard wood, on which rich 
rugs are strewn in profusion. The 

furniture i^ of oak and embraces the 
straight back, easy, reclining, and 
rocking chairs, a couch, and several 
tables, upon which are to be seen 
the representative newspapers and 
periodicals of the day. There is also 
a libra ry. comprising several hundred 
volumes, and the equipment of the 
rooms throughout is luxuriant enough 

The Kennard. Home of t^e Manchester Press Club. 

some, commodious, and elegant 
monument to Manchester's enter- 
prise — the Kennard building, — 
which was erected at an expense 
of 5300,000. Here the club's home 
is to be found on the fifth floor, in 
the north-east corner, where it occu- 
pies 1,000 feet of floor room. There 
are two apartments, the main recep- 
tion room and card room, which are 
separated by sliding doors, and which. 
on social occasions, are converted 

to gratify the taste of the most fastid- 

Upon the walls are to be seen 
excellent engravings and paintings, 
and a large upright piano of superb 
tone affords the sesame to many hours 
of pleasure. Upon the club's regis- 
ter are to be found names of scores 
of people who have won not only 
local, but state-wide and national, 
fame, and there is room for mere. 

It is a feature of the club's social 



life to hold what is known as a 
••Ladies' night," once a month, save 
during the summer, and at these 
gatherings not only the ladies of 
the members attend, but each mem- 
ber is granted one or more tickets of 
invitation, and the result is that the 
rooms are always filled when such 
an event takes place, pnd the even- 
ing is passed in literary and musical 

president of the club, Mr. Thoits was 
deputized by the organization to 

attend the annual convention of the 
International League of Press Clubs 
at Atlanta, Ga.. which proved to be 
a most notable gathering. President 
Thoits bore with him the invitations 
of the city of Manchester as expressed 
through its mayor, the Manchester 
Board of Trade, and of the Manehes- 


^r;^:;[]Qa Wcife'fkfT^ — r~ L ^ -* 


G r and Entrance to the Kennard. Honr.e o f the Manchester Press Club. 

entertainment which is preliminary 
'•'> a session of progressive whist with 
•-• intermission for delectable refresh- 

»he comedy-drama of "Friends," 

by Edwin Milton Royle, constituted 

ine club's second annual benefit 

!: 'l was given on the evening of 

larch 13, 1S94, and again was a 

'* """pliant success achieved. While 

ter Press club, for the league to hold 
its next convention in Manchester. 

The Manchester Press club is the 
only press club in New Hampshire, 
and the only one north of Boston, 
which is identified with the Interna- 
tional league of that name. Its 
membership comprises nearly even- 
one of the active newspaper men of 
Manchester, and through this organ- 



izalion the members have won con- 
siderable celebrity by their earnest 
advocacy of the proposed equestrian 

statue to the memory of Gen. John 
Stark of Revolutionary renown, whose 
remains are buried within the city 
limits of Manchester. Through their 
organization they have appealed to 
congress and the leading newspapers 
of the country, and have received 
very courteous treatment. 

The present head of the club is 
Herbert \V. Eastman, well-known 
as the secretary of the board of trade 
of Manchester. Mr. Eastman was 
born in Lowell, Mass., November 3, 
1857, and received his education in 
the public schools of Manchester. 
He learned the 
printer's trade 
in the office of 
the Union and 
Mirror, succeed- 
ing E- J. Knowl- 
ton as city edi- 
tor, June 5, 1880. 

Herbert W. Eastman. Oil AugUSt I, 

1884, he became 
city editor of the Weekly Budget, 
and became part owner of the 
same in 18S6. In 1SS9 he sold 
his interest to F. H. Challis, and 
continued as city editor of its Daily 
Press until 1S90, when he was 
elected secretary and treasurer of the 
board of trade, which position he 
now fills. He is treasurer of the 
Coon club, and is editor and pub- 
lisher of the Board of Trade Journal. 
He is married. 

Edgar J. Knowlton was born in 
Sutton, X. H., and received his 
education in the district schools. 
He commenced his journalistic 
career on the Union in 1S73, learn- 
ing his trade. In 1875 he entered 

the employ of the Niagara Democrat, 

and later, worked on the Daily 
I *>iieu of that place as editor. On 
January 1. 1S81, he returned to 
Manchester, entering the employ of 
the Mirror, where he was advanced 
to city editor, later occupying a 
like position on 
the Union until 
February, 1890, 
w h en he w a s 
elected secretary 
of the Manches- 
ter board of 
trade. In 1S91 
Mr. Knowlton 
was elected may- 
or of Manchester, and reelected in 1 893. 
He was a member of the legislature 
in i8S7-'8S. In April, 1894, Mayor 
Knowlton was appointed postmaster, 
which position he now maintains. 
He has been the special correspon- 
dent for the Boston Globe for fifteen 
years, and is a member of the Odd 
Fellows, K. of P., Grange, United 
Workmen, Red Men, Calumet club-, 
and the Manchester Gymnasium. 
He is married and has two children. 
Hon. Joseph 

Hon. EJ^ar J Knowlton. 



Clifford Moore 
was born in Lou- 
don, August 22, 
1845. He re- 
ceived his early 
education in the 
schools of Lake 

Village, after- Hon. Joseph Clifford Moore 

wards pursued a 

course of medical training at the 
New York Medical college. He 
practised medicine in Lake Village 
tor thirteen years, and in 1879 he 
became interested in the I r nion, of 
which paper he is now the pub- 
lisher. Mr. Moore has served in 


1 39 

the state senate and was a dele- 
gate to the Democratic National 
convention in 







Col. Alvin T. Thoits. 

e is a mem- 
ber of the New Ham]. shire club, 
having been president of that organ- 
ization in [885. He is married, but 

has no children. 

Col. Alvin T. 
Thoits was born 
in Pownal, Me., 
thirty-six years 
ago, and was 
educated in the 
public schools 
of Portland. 
He has been 
connected with 
many of the leading newspapers of 
the east, among them being the 
Montreal Gazette, Daily Neiv Era, 
of Portland, Me., Mirror, Post of 
Washington, 1). C, Herald of New 
Britain, Telegram of Troy, X. Y., 
Herald of Hartford. Conn., and 
was the founder of the Middle- 
town (Conn.) Daily He? aid. He 
is at present the managing editor of 
the Union, and special correspondent 
of the Boston Herald. He is mar- 
ried and has 
one son. Col- 
onel Thoits is 
aide-de-camp on 
Governor Bus- 
iel's staff and a 
member of the 
Knights of Hon- 

. Edward J. Burnham. OT aild KlliglltS 

of Pythias. 
Edward J. Burnham was born in 
Epsom, July 6, 1853, and received 
his education in the common schools, 
at Pittsfield academy, and Bates col- 
lege. He was employed for four 
years upon the Dover Press, and 
entered the employment of the Union 


in the spring of 1880, having been 
in continuous service since, as proof 
reader, travelling agent, editorial 
writer, managing editor, and editor, 
which latter position he now occu- 
pies. Mr. Burnham is at present 
a director in the Union Publishing 
Co., president of the Coon club, 
treasurer of the Manchester Electric 
club, secretary of the Manchester 
Building and Loan association, lect- 
urer of the State grange, a trustee 
of the Elliot hospital, and correspon- 
dent of the New York Herald. He 
is married and has four children. 

Henry H. Everett was born in 
Wilmington, N. C, November 6, 
1 84 1. While yet a child his parents 
returned to their 
former home in 
X e w H a m p - 
shire, locating 
in Manchester 
in 1846. He 
left the public 
schools at thir- J 

teen to enter an Henry h. Everett. 

apprentice shi p 

on the Granite Farmer and Visitor, 
a weekly newspaper published by 
James O. Adams, and in 1859 en- 
tered the employ of C. F. Living- 
ston, book and job printer, where 
he remained until 1879, with the 
exception of three years, from May, 
1 86 1, to June. 1864, which were 
spent as a private in Company C, 
Second X. H. Volunteer^ in the 
Civil War. In 1875 he purchased 
an interest in the Saturday Night 
Dispatch, established by M. S. Hunt, 
which interest he disposed of three 
years later, and in company with 
L. L. Aldrich started The Weekly 
Times. In the spring of 1885 this 
venture came to an end, and in May 



of that year Mr. Everett entered the 
employ of the I r nion, first as proof 
reader, then as city editor, then state 
editor, and finally was placed on the 
staff of editorial writers, where he now 
is. In addition to editorial writing, 
he has charge of the weekly edition 
of the Union i and of the department 
of current literature on the daily. 
More widely than by his own name 
he is probably known as '"The Ram- 
bler," having over that signature con- 
ducted a department in the Union t 
for the past twelve years. Mr. 
Everett has been identified with 
the Manchester Press club since its 
organization', and at its last annual 
meeting, in December, was elected 
president, an honor which he 
declined, believing it more prop- 
erly belonged to a younger and 
more active member. He is also a 
member of Louis Bell Post, G. A. R., 
and of Washington Lodge of Masons. 
J. Warren Thyng is a native of 
Lakeport, born in the forties. He is 





J. Warden 


a graduate of the Massachusetts Nor- 
mal Art school, and also a pupil of 
the National academy. Mr. Thyng 
was for eleven years principal of the 
Salem (Mass.) Art school, and was 
founder of the Akron (Ohio) School 
of Design. Covering a period of 
twelve years he acted as special artist 
f o r Ha t pi r s 1 1 eek( v. He has always 
been peculiarly identified with the 

scenery of the lake country of New- 
Hampshire. Forthe past three years 
he has been superintendent of the 

art department of the t r nion. 

J. Ed Coffin was born in Minne- 
apolis, Minn., August 14, iS6o, and 
removed to Manchester in 1S70. His 
first newspaper connection was in 
1878, with the old Union office, 
sweeping floors, setting type, etc. 

J Ed. Coffin. 

For six years he pied galleys of the 
trade all over the state. In [884 
began cartoon-drawing on the Man- 
chester Budget, and beo;an to write 
for newspapers soon after this. He 
has been from office-boy to editorial 
staff and chief artist several times, 
and back again, and has drawn 
weekly stipends from various New 
Hampshire and Massachusetts pa- 
pers. He has a wife and one child. 

O. H. A. Chamberlen was born in 
Dunbarton, Jul}' 14, 1859, and edu- 
cated in the district and high schools 
of Dunbarton. He established and 
published the Snow Fluke in Dun- 
barton, from December 25. 1877, till 
January 1, 18S4, when he changed- 
the name to The Analeda, and in 
September, [884, removed his job 
and newspaper plant to Pittsfield. 
where it was conducted successfully 
till the summer of 1887, when the 
entire plant was sold. After a year 
on the farm in Dunbarton lie was 
news editor and proof-reader on the 



Daily Press, Manchester, fourteen 
months, since then being employed 

on the Union % where he has served 

.i< proof-reader, telegraph editor, and 


O. H. A. Cnannberlcn. 

editorial writer, and at present is the 
state and bicycle editor. He is mar- 
ried and has two children. He is a 
member of the Coon club. Granite 
State club, The Gymnasium, New 
Hampshire Cycle club, and treasurer 
Manchester Press club. 

Edward D. Houston was born in 
St. Stevens, Ala., December 28, 1857, 
and educated at Kimball Union acad- 
emy, Meriden, and the Normal school. 
Plymouth. He learned the printer's 


• • 

la J 

Edward D. Houston. 

trade in the Mirror office in 1877. 
and later was employed as proof- 
reader on the Union, also the Courier 
and Times of Lowell. He was pub- 
lisher of the Sentinel and other 
papers at Franklin, Mass., from 1881 
to 1884, and was engaged a^ editorial 
and special writer on horses by the 
I fiion in 1891, which position he 
now occupies. He is married. 

Bert Leston Taylor was born in 
New York city, November 13, 1869. 
His early education was received in 

the public schools of the metropolis, 
and he was graduated at the age of 
fifteen from the College of the City 
of New York. His first newspaper 
work was at Greenfield, Mass., and 
during the past dozen years he has 
been employed on various newspapers 



Bert Leston Taylor. 

between New York and Montreal. 
Mr, Taylor is the son of Capt. A. O. 
Taylor, of the New York Herald. 
At present he is employed as city 
editor of the Union. In addition to 
his newspaper work he has contrib- 
uted many short stones and sketches 
to ttie magazines, and has recently 
completed the libretto for a comic 
opera, which will probably be staged 
at New York early next season. 
Elmer Ellsworth Snow was born 



.. "■ ] * 

Elmer Ellsworth Sno//. 

in Great Palls (now Somersworth ) , 
March 23, i860. He started his 
journalistic career with the Union, 
February i, 1883, as compositor, 



working at the case until February, 
1889, when he accepted a position as 

proof-reader. In September, 1891, 
Mr. Snow was promoted to the tele- 
graph editor's desk, which position 
he still maintains. He is a member 
of the Gymnasium, and Manchester 
Whist club. He is married and has 
two children. 

E. C. E. Dorion was born in Mont- 
real, August [9, 1872, and is the 
oldest son of Rev. and Mrs. Thomas 
A. Dorion. While he was yet young 
liis father was called to labor in the 
New England states in the interests 
of the Methodist 
church, so that 
the subject of 
this sketch re- 
ceived most of 
his education 
in the public 
schools of New 
England, out- 
side of a few 
years spent in boarding school. He 
graduated from the Manchester high 
school in 1S91. In the fall of that 
year he became a member of the 
reportorial staff of the Mirror. Later 
he was connected with the Brockton 
(Mass.) Despatch^ and a year and a 
half ago entered the employ of the 
Union. Mr. Dorion is also a printer 
by trade. He is a member of Stark 
lodge, I. O. G. T., 
ter commandery, I' 

Frank X . 
Cashin, the 
youngest mem- 
ber of the 
Union's repor- 
torial staff, was 
born in Man- 
chester, May 5, 
1876. He re- 


E. C. E. Donor 

and of 


O. G. 


i a 

. v 

Frank X. 


ceived his education in the Lake 
Avenue grammar, and is a gradu- 
ate of St. Joseph's high school. 

On leaving school he joined the 
reportorial staff of the Union, July 
r 7< lJsi 93- which position he still 

occupies. He is a member of the 
Press club. Knights of St. John, and 
Yomng Men's Catholic union. 

Arthur Clif- 
ford Moore was 
born in Lowell, 
Mass., Septem- 
ber, 1870. He 
received his 
eady education 
in Boston and 
Like Village, 



T & 



Arthur Clifford Moore. 

graduating with 

hi'^h honors from the Tilton Con- 
ference seminary in 1891. He en- 
tered the employ of the Union in 
iSii. In 1893 he was advanced to 
the position of business manager and 
assistant treasurer of the corporation, 
wr/jich position he now holds. He 
is a member of the Gymnasium, the 
Cy;gnet boat club, and Y. M. C. A. 
of Manchester. 

Arthur E. Clarke, son of the late- 
Co,!. John B. Clarke, editor and pro- 
prietor of the Daily Mirror and Amcr- 
icaM and the Weekly Mirror and Far- 
mer*, was born in Manchester, May 
13, 1854. He was educated in the 
public schools of his native city, 
Phillips Andover academy, and Dart- 
mouth college, being in the class of 
'75. in the latter institution. In the 
fall', of 1875 he entered the office of 
the Mirror and began his journalistic 
life by setting type, which phase of 
newspaper work was followed by the 
rur ning of presses, the doing of job 
work, and the reading of proof. He 
then assumed the city editor's chair, 



and for a number of years did the 
[ocal work unaided, subsequently 

with assistance. Leaving this posi- 
tion to assume the duties of general 
and state news and review editor, he 
served his paper several years in this 
varied capacity, vacating it to super- 
intend the agricultural department 
and other features of the Mirror a ?id 
Farmer, assist- 




ing at the same 
time on the Dai- 
"$ # ly Mirror in the 

t editorial, repor- 

toriah and busi- 


i '\\ ness depart- 

-*..._ ments. lie also 

Col. Arthur e. Clarke. was the tele- 
graph editor of 
the Mirror for over a year. Upon 
the death of his father, Mr. Clarke 
became the manager of the Daily 
Mirror, the Mirror ami Fanner, and 
the job printing and book binding 
features incident to the office, and 
has since conducted the large busi- 
ness affairs of the office, besides 
doing almost daily work with his 
pen for both papers. Upon the 
organization of The John B. Clarke 
Co., he was elected its president, 
which position he holds now. Mr. 
Clarke represented the Mirror as 
legislative reporter for four sessions. 
He has been a member of the com- 
mon council of Manchester; has rep- 
resented ward three in the legisla- 
ture; was adjutant of the First regi- 
ment X. II. N. G. for a number of 
years ; during President Garfield's 
-^ministration occupied the position 
°f agricultural statistician for New 
Hampshire; was appointed colonel 
°» the staff of Gov. Iliram A. Tuttle ; 
ls president of the New Hampshire 
Press association, the New Hamp- 

shire member of the executive com- 
mittee of the National Press associa- 
tion, and is a member of the Boston 
Press club, the Manchester Press 
club, and the Coon club. Mr. Clarke 
is past exalted ruler of the Manches- 
ter Lodge of Elks, ex-president of 
the Derryfield club of Manchester, 
and a member oi Amoskeag grange. 
He is not associated with any other 
secret society. He is director of the 
Northern Telegraph Co. Mr. Clarke- 
is an enthusiastic devotee of hunting 
and fishing, and frequently seeks rest 
and relaxation from business cares 
along these channels. He has been 
a lover of elocutionary work since 
his grammar school days, and has 
successfully participated in prize 
speaking contests at Phillips acad- 
emy and Dartmouth college, carry- 
ing oS first honors at the latter insti- 
tution in 1S75. The dramatic and 
musical departments of the Mirror 
have been conducted by him ever 
since he became associated with the 
paper. Mr. Clarke offers prizes each 
year to the schools of Hooksett for 
elocutionary excellence. 

Hon. William 
Cogswell Clarke 
is a native of 
Manchester and 
has always lived 
there. He was 
educated in the 
public schools 

Of the City and Hon. Wimarr. Cogswell Clarke. 

is a graduate of 

Phillips Andover academy and Dart- 
mouth college, and since leaving 
college has been identified with 
the J/irror, for seven years as its 
city editor and, latterly, as a special 
writer. He has served six years 
on the Manchester school board and 




Herbert N 

one term in the legislature. At 
the last November election he was 

elected mayor of Manchester on the 
Republican ticket, for a term of two 
years, and now holds that office. 

Herbert X. Davison, city editor of 
the Mirror, is twenty-seven years old 
and n native of Manches- 
ter, where he has always 
lived, and is a graduate 
of the city schools. He 
entered the Minor office in 
1882 to learn the printer's 
trade and mastered it in 
all its details. He then 
joined, in 1885, the repor- 
torial force of the Union, 
and stayed with that paper until 1888, 
when he returned to the Mirror, 
where he has since been employed. 
He is married and has one son. Karl. 
He was the first president of the 
Manchester Press club and is the 
Manchester correspondent (" Percy ") 
of the Boston Journal. 

Frank Monroe Frisselle was born 
December 22, 1862, in Boston, and 
was educated in the Boston public 
schools. His first newspaper work 

was fifteen years 

ago, when he 

was for a time 

the Boston cor- 
respondent of cured his first 

the Atlanta, rtportorial posi- 

Ga., Co 71 s title- tion as city edi- 

tion. During tor of the Bay- 

the latter p a r t outre (X.J.) Her- 

of 1S84 he came ald y and later 
to Manchester and worked nearly held a similar position on a suin- 
a year in the Mirror office, and mer paper published on the east end 
then transferred his allegiance to of Long Island. He came to New 
the Union i with which paper he Hampshire five years ago on the 
remained about six years, serving Hillsborough Messenger, and during 
most of the time on the reportorial the campaign of 1892 he entered the 
force under City Editor E. J. Knowl- employ of the New Hampshire Repnb- 

<+% *c- 

ton. He resigned August 22, 1891, 
after serving nearly two years as city 
editor, succeeding Mr. Knowlton. 

lie is now connected with the Mirror 
local staff, holding the position of 
assistant city editor. Mr. Frisselle is 

an active member of the Manchester 
fire department, corporal 
in the First light battery, 
is one of the original ten 
members of the Coon club, 
was the first secretary of 
the Press club, is an ex- 
member of the Cygnet 
boat club, and has been 
admitted to membership 
in Agawam tribe, Improved 
Order of Red Men, Ben Franklin 
Council, 0. U. A. M., and is an 
honorary member of the Sarsfield 
Boating association. He was mar- 
ried June 19, 1886, to Miss Emma 
T. Beach, daughter of Representa- 
tive John T. Beach of Manchester. 

William Harold Topping was born 
November 26, 1865. After receiving 
a liberal education he became a dis- 
ciple of Benjamin Franklin and 
learned the printer's trade in the 
office of the 
Waverly (X. Y.) 
Advocate. Eight 
v<ears aeo he se- 

C \ 

rat &* 


Fran'/ Monroe Frisselle. 

" v \ 

William Harold Topping. 



fican, and when the paper suspended 

he went to Laconia as correspondent 
of the Union. In June, 1893, he 
joined the repor- 
torial staff of the 
Mirror^ where he 
is now located, 
serving his em- 
ployers as their 
legislative corre- 


E. Ir\i^g Farrington. 



E. Irving Far- 
rington, tele- 
graph editor of 
the Mirror, was 

born nineteen 
y ears ago i n 
Manchester, and 
with the excep- 
tion of a few 
years passed in 

Pembroke, has Edward I. Partridge. 

always lived in 

the city of his nativity. lie ob- 
tained his education in the public 
schools of the Queen City, gradua- 
ting from the High school in the class 
of '94. During the last year of his 
school life he was a regular corre- 
spondent of the Mirror, and immedi- 
ately after his graduation he became 
a reporter on its staff, and six months 
later he was offered and accepted the 
position which he now holds. Mr. 
Farrington perhaps comes naturally 
by his newspaper instinct, his father 
having received training as a prac- 
tical printer, while his grandfather 
On the paternal side of the family was 
f«»r several years part owner of what 
in now the Laconia Democrat. 

Edward I. Partridge was born in 
Norwich, Vt., November 12, [859. 
"is education was Obtained in the 
common schools and academy there. 
December 24, 1887 he went to La Paz, 

Bolivia, as professor of English and 
mathematics in " Collegis Xacional," 

remaining in South America for 
about a year. He returned to Man- 
chester and entered the employ of 
the late Col. John 15. Clarke as a 
reporter on the Mirror, remaining 
nearly two years, when he accepted a 
position with the vS. C. Porsaith 
Machine company. In October, 1S94, 
he returned to the Mirror and is at 
present employed in the capacity of a 
reporter. He is married and has 
four children. 

Austin Waldo Flint is a native of 
Manchester, where he was born 
November 22, 1S74. His early edu- 
cation was obtained in the Manches- 
ter public schools, concluding with a 
classical course at the Manchester 
high school, from which he grad- 
uated in the class of '93. Immedi- 
ately upon leaving school, he became 
a member of the 
reportorial staff 
of the Mirror, 
with which he 
\gZ- has since been 

/V- v connected. 

William M. 
Kendall, pub- 
lisher of the Sat- 
urday Telegram, 
was born in 
Woodstock, Yt., 
November 24. 
1854. and re- 
moved to Leba- 
non, N. II., in / 
[864. Educated 
in the public 

Schools at TaftS- //.lliarr. M. Kendall. 

ville, Yt., and 

Lebanon, and at the Vermont Con- 
ference seminary, Montpelier, Yt. 

Owned an amateur printing office 



■A iS^ 

Austin Waldo Flint. 


-•*-•'•' •••• ; ' . ~ >■ 





• i 



<" "^ 

i ' • 




when fourteen years old, and com- 
inenced the publication of a monthly 
paper called the Youth's Standard at 

the age of sixteen years. Learned 
the printer's trade in the Leba- 
non Fjree Press office. January, 
[876, started the New Hampshire 
Weekly News at Lebanon, N. H., 
which was merged into the Laconia 
Democrat in June of the same year, 
which paper the subject of this sketch 
acquired. possession of upon the death 
of its former proprietor, 0. A. J. 
Vaughan, continuing as editor and 
proprietor till July, 1S78, when the 
Democrat was sold to Lewis and San- 
born. In June, 1883, in company 
with David M. Ladd, Mr. Kendall 
started the Manchester Weekly Bud- 
get, which was sold to Challis & 
Eastman in 1887. In 1SS9 he com- 
menced the publication of a syndicate 
of forty country weeklies, represent- 
ing that number of towns near Man- 
chester, which in 1891 were sold out 
to Kelly <S: Morse. In the meantime 
Mr. Kendall had started the Man- 
chester Saturday Telegram. Mr. 
Kendall's present journalistic venture 
has proven to be a most phenomenal 
and unprecedented success. William 
M. Kendall was married in 1886 to 
Miss Lena M. Roberts of White 
River Junction, Vt., by whom he has 
had one child, a girl, aged nine 

Miron W. Hazeltine was born in 
Kew York city November 20, 1S56, 
received academic education, mainly 
at the hands of his father, Miron J. 
Hazeltine of Thornton, and Amherst 
college. December, 1889, he entered 
the employ of the Grafton County 
Dcmbcrat, Plymouth, as an appren- 
tice. From July, [881, to January, 
| 883, he was employed successively 



Miron W Ha:eltine. 

on the Lakeside News, Lake Village ; 
Belknap Tocsin, Laconia ; and La- 
conia Democrat. In January, 1883, 
he assumed management of the Graf- 
ton County Democrat, Plymouth, a 
position Mr. Hazeltine retained until 
January, 1887, when the paper was 
sold to T. J. 
Walker, who 
merged it into 
the Ply mou tli 
Record. Remain- 
ing with Mr. 
Walker until 
October, 1 887, 
he entered the 
employ of the 

Manchester Union, serving in various 
capacities, including a three years' 
term as Concord correspondent, where 
he made an enviable record, until 
February, 1894, when he joined the 
Saturday Telegram, being at the pres- 
ent time managing editor. Mr. 
Hazeltine is serving his second term 
as c!erk and director of the Manches- 
ter Press club corporation. He is 

G. I. Hopkins was born in Foster, 
R. I., in 1850, 
,,;■■ - and his boy- 

hood and youth 
were spent on 
the farm. He 
was educated 
at L a p h a m 
Institute and 
Brown universi- 
ty ; taught two 
or three small high schools in Massa- 
chusetts previous to 1SS0 ; was elected 
submaster of high school in Manches- 
ter in 1880, where he has since 
remained. He was the first president 
of the Manchester Electric club ; is a 
member of Washington lodge of 




1 4$ 


Masons ; author of a manual of plane 
geometry ; special writer and corre- 
spondent of the i r nion y and is editor 
of a mathemati- 
cal coin m n i n 
Journal of Edli- 
J ca t i o )i . He i s 


Harry J. Rock 

» is a native of 
x -y ^ .- , 


Harry J Rock. 


Walter H. S^lvock. 

New York, but 
has r e side d 
in New Eng- 
land during the 
last ten years. 
Concord, X. H., 
being his pres- 
ent residence, 
where his a r- 
tistic skill is 
winning for 
him warm, in- 
fluential friends. 

In newspaper illustrating he has 
fdled engagements on several east- 
ern periodicals, and his original- 
ity, dash, and catchy treatment of 
whatever news event came under his 
pen, have given him an honored 
place among publishers, as well as 
members of his own eraft. It is rare 
indeed that nature bestows upon any 
one person talents of such wide scope 
as Mr. Rock is the fortunate pos- 
sessor of, for he is an exceptionally 
skillful artist in all the term implies; 
is a pleasant young man to meet, 
and a pleasanter one to know. He 
is a member of the Manchester, Low- 
ell (Mass.), and Lawrence (Mass.) 
Press clubs, and of the Coon club. 

W. H. Shilvock was born in Lou- 
don, Eng., January i, 187 r. At an 
early age he moved with his parents 
to St. Albans, Yt.. where he acquired 
his education in the St. Albans acad- 

emy. In 1887 he came to Manches- 
ter, where he learned the v. 
engraving business of A. E. Herrick. 
From thence he entered the employ 
of the Novelty Advertising Co. as 
engraver ami illustrator, until in [893 
he started in business for himself. 
Mr. Shilvock has made illustrations 
for ever>- newspaper in the city and 
several elsewh ere . 

Gustav Langer was born in Ger- 
many, and after having finished his 
studies he became connected with 
journalistic affairs and the magaxine 
aud newspaper business. Since his 
arrival in the United States he has 
resided in various cities as teacher 
of German, and on the 4th of Octo- 
ber he started the publishing of the 
Ncic Hampshire Post in Manchester. 
the first and only German newspaper 
published in the state. The name 
of the paper was recently changed to 
Deutsche Post, 




G u s t ; . Lani 

and Mr 
has been and still 
is its editor, with 
the exception of 
eighteen months. 
during w h i c h 
t i m e h e w a > 
travelling in the 
Western states. 

Joseph Kd- 
w a r d B e r n i e r 
was born near 
Quebec, May 
24, 1866, a nd 
was liberally ed- 
ucated. At the 
age of t we nty 

lie began tO Joseph Edward Bernier. 

read la w a t 

Laval university. Quebec. Removed 

to the United States in 1889, and 

became identified with L'Avenir 



alien, then published by Mr. 
]•;. R. Dufresne in Manchester; later 
on worked for Mr. Lenthier, pub- 
lisher of Le National of Manchester. 
In the spring of 1894, in company 
with Charles T. Roy, he purchased 
ihe plant and paper formerly owned 
by Mr. Lenthier, the publication of 
which is still continued by them. 

Louis Comeau was born near Three 
Rivers, P. O., October 15, 1852 ; grad- 
uated from Xicolet college ill 1S71. 
His first experience in journalism was 
in 1879 as assistant editor of Le Patri- 
ck of Bay City, Mich. In 18S8 he 
removed to Manchester and was 
appointed assistant editor of L'Ave- 
nir Canadien, and afterwards editor 
of Le Courier eiu New Hampshire, Le 
A* veifj Le Prog res, French daily owned 
by a syndicate, and later editor and 
proprietor of Le Bulletin. He is now 
correspondent for L'Etoile of Lowell 
.iud IJ* Indepcnd- 
rw/of Fall River. ^B £S 

J. R. B. Kel- 
ley was born in 
Wcare, N. H., 
in 1S5S, and was 
• ducated in the 
public schools of 
that town and Louls CorTeau . 

at Francestown 

academy, from 
which he was 
graduated in 
the class of '82. 
He was elected 
a delegate to 
the last consti- 
tutional conven- 
tion. Mr. Kelly 
became actively 
^"gaged in the publishing busi- 
^s m 1890, when in company 
lllj F. II. Morse of Wcare he 


■ ■ I 


John R. B. Kel 

purchased the Manchester Adver- 
tiser and country papers of the Ken- 
dall Newspaper Co., and organized 

the Kelley & 
Morse Publish- 
i ng Co., M r. 
Kel lev becom- 


mg the manag- 
ing editor. He 

con t: n ued in 

charge of the 

business till 

Freeman Gilrr.ore Riddle 

1893,. when the 

Wailace G. Stor,« 

c o m p a n y was 
absorbed by 
the vSyndicate 
Publishing Co. 
He was elected 
manager of the 
new compa- 
ny, a position 
which he still 


Freeman Gilmore Riddle was born 
in Manchester July 25, 1866 ; educa- 
ted in the public schools and the Bry- 
ant & Stratton business college and 
engaged in the printing business in 
1889.. At present he is treasurer of 
the Syndicate Publishing Co. Mr. 
Riddle served seven years in the 
X. II. X. G., holding when dis- 
charged the position of second ser- 
geant of Company K, First regiment. 

Wallace G. Stone, editor and pro- 
prietor of the Massabesic Gem, has 
been 3. resident of Manchester ten 
years., and previous to publishing the 
Gem worked on the local dailies and 
spent one summer as local editor of 
the Keene Tribune. The Gem is 
published during the summer season 
in the interests of cottage owners and 
sojourners at Lake Massabesic, Man- 
chester's delightful summer resort. 
He is married. 

By Edward A. Jenks. 

Bold Buccaneer! from your circus tent, 

Where the frost king cannot bind you, 
You scurry away, on mischief bent, 

With your crew of howls behind you : 
Ride fast and far, till your horses' neigh 

And the clang of your spurs and lances 
Are heard from the close to the break of day 

In the children's dreamland fancies. 
Blow-w-w ! Blow-w-w ! 


. / 


V. • •- 



J -t! 

Drive headlong down great Baffin bay — 

Plough deep the cringing water — 
Till the thousand storm-born Furies play 

At the game of wreck and slaughter : 
Fly thundering down the slopes of snow 

On your plunging ice toboggan, 
Your war-cry heard by friend and foe — 

The North Wind's mighty slogan ! 
Blow-w-w ! Blow-w-w ! 

1 The illustrations of this poem are copied from the Illustrated Edition of Longfellow's Poetical Woi 

published by Houghton, Mifflin & Co., of Boston, who have kindly permitted their use in this connection. 


Shriek madly — howl to your heart's content, 

Demoniac wind of the winter ! 
Blow high ! blow low ! till your strength is spent— 

The strength of an Arctic sprinter! 
Go trumpeting through the mountain woods 

Like a giant Son of Thunder, 
And waken the torpid solitudes 

As the hemlocks split asunder. 
Blow-w-w ! Blow-w-w ! 


Seize hold of the elm trees' shivering limbs, 

And give the old roof a lashing 
To the tunc of your ringing battle hymns 

And the toppling tiles down -crashing : 
Push recklessly through that clapboard rent 

Where the out- with the inside mingles, 
And. to give our spirits a freer vent, 

Take a twist at the mossy shingles. 
Blow-w-w ! Blow-w-w ! 

You have wrecked fair ships, and have played with Death, 

Fierce foe of the icebound seaman ! 
Have shaken our cot with your gusty breath — 

The breath of a storm-brewed demon ! 
But come to the door by the frosty path. 

And list to the children's prattle, 
The crackling logs on the blazing hearth, 

And the teakettle's tittle-tattle. 
Blow-w-w ! Blow-w-w ! 

The children play where the firelight falls — 

Outside, the snow is flying ! 
The shadows dance on the laughing walls — 

Who cares for the North Wind's sighing! 
Go back, wild tramp, bewildered, dumb, 

To your home where the mercury freezes ; 
But come again when the blue-birds come, 

In the softest of vernal breezes. 
Blow-w-w! Blow-w-w! 




By George J/. Host 

' It was a hard 

HE judge punched 
the fire vigorously, 
and, as the sparks 
flew up the wide- 
throated Franklin 
stove, he chuckled 
gently and said, 
fight." And then 
came the story, the story of the 
legislative travail in which the town 
of Franklin was born — how it ex- 
tended over more than four years of 
time, how it covered seven sessions 
of the great and general court, how 
the proposition was urged and op- 
posed, how the committee reported 
favorably and the house overruled 
them, how the committee reported 
in the negative and the house acted 

in the affirmative; and how, when 
the new township was finally incor- 
porated, with its charter drawn, its 
name assigned, and its government 
perfected, it was dismembered at the 
instance of one of the parent towns ; 
and how at last, twenty-six years 
later, restitution was made, and the 
original lines of the new town re- 
stored to the map. 

All of these things the old judge 
had seen, and the greater part of 
them he was. Sixty years had 
passed since the "hard fight" had 
been fought to a successful finish, 
and the town was in blissful ignor- 
ance of the fact that it was within 
five years of being a city, yet from 
the marvellous storehouse of the 



;; .--. ... 




/ 1 


Central S'reeT. 



judge's memory came forth each de- 
tail of the old-time struggle as accu- 
rate in every feature and as keen in 
the telling as if it had been but the 
event of yesterday and the teller a 
young man recounting the story of 
a novel experience. 

I cannot tell that story now, nor 
can anybody else. When the bright 
light of the judge's memory was ex- 
tinguished all hope of an adequate 
history of Franklin vanished. So 
long as his memory could be de- 

in recognition of the extreme north- 
ern bounds of the sovereignty of the 
Massachusetts power, the foot of civ- 
ilization first trod the soil of Frank- 
lin, and, retracing itself, the sound 
of its foot-fall was heard no more in. 
the land until thirteen years later 
when the onward inarch of progress 
again in the form of a party of 


surveyors passed this way 

and paused only when they were 
twenty miles above "the crotch/' 
where they engraved their own and 




■ ■ - ; 


Trie Ox-Bo. 

pended upon the judge would never 
commit to paper what he had al- 
ways at his tongue's end, and his 
memory lasted as long as he him- 
self. Whatever the most industrious 
student could do now would result 
only in securing the merest frag- 
ments of what should be a complete 
and symmetrical whole. 

When, in 1639, the agents of the 
Massachusetts Bay colony came up 
the Merrimack river to "the crotch " 
where the Winuipiseogee and the 
Pemigewasset unite, and then pressed 
three miles further on to blaze a tree 

their master's names upon a huge 
boulder, and they, too, returned, 
leaving the region again to its ab- 
original possessors who were dis- 
turbed but infrequently and molested 
not at all by the adventurous trap- 
pers who sometimes threaded their 
way up the valley. 

To the wily red man this snot was 
a highly favored one. A well worn 
"earn.-" still shows the trail over 
which the Indians took their way 
from one stream to the other, and 
tiie richness of a local collector's cab- 
inet of aboriginal relics gathered near 



t,y testifies, it not to a permanent 
location hero, to Frequent visits of 
long duration. Upon the hill where 
now is the public cemetery the In- 
dians buried their dead, and a party 
of explorers, who came here in 1689. 
found the aboriginal city of the dead 
well populated, indicating an Indian 
occupation of decades, to say the 

It was almost a century after this 
that John Stark passed through here 
on his way to the hunting-grounds 

Ur Bean, the first named of these 
having arrived on the intervales of 
the Merrimack, at the spot now 
known as the Webster Place, in 
174s. Here he and his son Stephen 
established themselves, while Maloon 
and Bean sought homes in the west- 
ern part of the town, where Maloon 
and his wife and three children were 
taken prisoners by the Indians dur- 
ing the next year, and were carried 
to Canada and held for several years. 
Call's lot was the more pitiful, never- 

i * 

I . 



Back o' Warren Dc 

farther north, and it was two years 
biter than that that Powers's survey- 
ing party came here and, on the 17th 
of June, 1754, caused to be entered 
Upon the log of the expedition the 
record, "Marked up the Merrimack 
to tlie crotch or parting thereof." 
1 ne party camped while on Franklin 
soil a mile and a half above the car- 
iymg-place between the two rivers, 
weeping on the Pemigewasset side. 
But Stark and Powers found 
*nit« inhabitants here in the per- 
ils of Philip Call and his asso- 
Cli *tes, Nathaniel Maloon and Sink- 

theles.^, for in 1754 his wife was 
killed by the savages while he, se- 
creted near by, unarmed, was com- 
pelled to be an unwilling witness to 
the butcher}'. Call's daughter and 
grandchild escaped the fate of the 
older woman by lying hidden in the 

The why and wherefore of Call's 
coming here do not appear. In 1736 
the commonwealth of Massachusetts 
had bestowed the township upon a 
group of officers and soldiers who 
had served in the French and Indian 
wars, but it was twelve years later 



than this that Call came here. This 
first grant was named Bakerstown, 

in honor of Captain Thomas Baker 
who had been killed by the sachem 

Watemumus near the stream now 
known as Baker's river, and Call 
was not among" the grantees, none 
of whom, as it seems, fulfilled the 
conditions of the grant which was. 
in addition, invalidated by the set- 


To Ebenezer Stevens and others, 
in the month of December, [748, 
eighty years to the month before 
the town of Franklin was chartered, 
the Masonian proprietors made the 
grant of a township which, when the 
time for its christening came, was 
known as Steven-town. The grant 
itself did not issue until October 26, 
1749. It then appears that Philip 


Kmy ■-■■-- [ - 

S^ i It 

Daniel Webster s Bi'tnplace. 

tlement of the boundary dispute in 
favor of New Hampshire, thus open- 
ing the way for the long quarrel over 
the Masonian title, which was at the 
last quietly secured by a rich and 
powerful syndicate who easily ob- 
tained the necessary indorsement of 
their propriatorial rights, and who 
then proceeded to grant townships in 
quite the royal fashion. 

Call had established some sort of 
title to his holding, for in the record 
©f the grantees we find, " Philip Call 
being in on part of the land herein- 
after mentioned." Major Stevens, 
for whom the town was named, died 
six days after the grant was secured, 
and probably never saw the property, 
but his proxy more than made up 
for the loss, for it was through the 



major's influence that the parents intervales, and were measurably pre- 

<>f Daniel Webster were induced to pared to take care of themselves in 

leave their home in Kingston, where an ordinary crisis. The little ham- 

most of the grantees lived, and make 
their way to Stevenstowu, which was 

then and for several years afterward 
the extreme northern outpost of the 
colony, and between it and Canada 
there rose the smoke of no white 

let was without neighbors for more 
than ten years. In 1761 the first 
settlers ventured into Northfield ter- 
ritory, across the river, and into 
Andover, six miles over the hills to 
the north. It was not until 1 7^-4 

Daniel Webster. 

man's habitation. The grantees set 
earnestly at work to improve their 
property and to induce settlements. 
In 1752 there were inhabitants and 
the encroachments of the Indians 
were severe enough to demand for 
the infant town a guard of soldiery. 
Before this the people had built 
themselves a fort on the Merrimack 

that the first white man took up a 
residence in Sanbornton, and the 
quartette of towns which were to 
yield up their soil for Franklin's 
begetting was completed. 

As the Indians were pushed far- 
ther and farther to the north these 
tiny settlements increased in popu- 
lation and resources, and at the 

i 5 8 


for the Battle of Bunker Hill, and 

had to wait- for the campaign of 

Saratoga In-fore showing of what 
stuff he was made 

At the close of the Revolution and 
for forty years afterward, only that 
part of the town which was then 
in Salisbury enjoyed any marked 


Hon. Austin F. P^e. 

outbreak of the Revolution one of 
them, at least — Stevenstown, for 
seven years now rejoicing in the 
name of Salisbury — was ready for 
the fray, and at the first alarm sent 
off a force of volunteers. Captain 
Ebenezer Webster, father of Daniel 
Webster, raised a company for the 
Continental army, and set out for 
the scene of action as soon as pos- 
sible, but he was one dav too late 



Hon. Isaac N. Blodgett. 




in w 

the ' 




■. \ 



Residence of Hon. Isaac N. Biodgt - :*. 

ealth and population. 
4 town mill " in San- 
been set up on soil 
which was later to 
be taken by the new 
town of Franklin. A 
ferry had been estab- 
lished by a North - 
field man between his 
town and the village 
on the Salisbury side. 
and the outlet of the 
lower lake in Ando- 
ver was furnishing 
power for a more or 
less ambitious miller. 
The growth and in- 
fluence of the little 



hamlet which had 
sprung up near the 
site of Philip Call's 
block-house are, to 

my mind, the most 
remarkable features 
,.1 the history of the 
entire community. It 
was a movement for 
which there seems to 
have been no cause 
whatever. The lauds 
were no more desira- 
ble there than else- 
where, it was not a natural centre, 
and, in fact, was quite removed from 
the course of the great tides of travel 



idence of Hon. Edward B. S. Sanborn. 

within the township Hues it was the 
brain and brawn of "the Lower Vil- 
lage " which bore the great* r part of 
the burden. 

The temptations of this thriving 
little metropolis drew Captain Web- 
ster down from his little U] land farm, 
and he opened the first tavern in the 
place, afterwards exchanging the stand 
for the house across the road where 
now are the buildings of the New 
Hampshire Orphans' Home. Law- 

Hon Edward B. S. Sanbor 

a* they then existed. Nevertheless 
the Lower Village." as it came to 
"<-' known, was quite the most im- 
portant part of the community for 
more than thirty years, to keep the 
statement well in hand, and when 
t* 1 ^ time came for the development 
J - the larger opportunities which lay 



Hon. C3n:e! B trnard. 



The Ufiitar.5". Church. 

vers came here, too, and in the little 
ofriee where Thomas \V. Thompson 
and Parker Xoyes practised law, 
both the god-like Daniel and his 
brother Ezekiel studied, and, later. 
Judge George W. Xesmith began 
his legal work there. 

By this time, however, the influ- 
ence and prestige of '"the Lower 
Village" were waning. The open- 
ing of the turnpikes to the north 
part of the state had left the ham- 
let stranded between two great cur- 
rents of travel. One, passing to the 
west from Boscawen through the hill 
villages of Salisbury, swept on to the 
Connecticut valley, and gave access 
to Vermont ; the other, passing by 

The Free Baptist Church. 

on the east, took in the village.- 
of Canterbury and Northfield, and 
thence penetrated the eastern coun- 
ties by the lake route. The only 
through line which touched the vil- 
lage was the route to Plymouth and 
the mountains, with connecting links 
with the eastern road at Sanbornton 
Bridge (now Tilton). 







Ij . - ■ : 

r -i . 

S*. P* j s Cat : ChurcJ 



More than offsetting this decad- 
i nee on the lower intervales, how- 
ever, was the increased activity at 
•the crotch," where the natural ad- 
vantages were beginning to be appre- 
ciated and improved. 

i fii.r 


11 ' * i: 




The Methodist Church. 

The Congre~at:onal Church. 

Ebenezer Eastman, one of the en- 
ergetic men of " the Lower Village/' 
betook himself up the river into An- 
dover to the falls of the Pemigewas- 
set, a short distance above "the 
crutch," and there built a dam and 
a mill. Upon the other stream, too. 

nature had done for the community ; 
and upon Salmon brook the first 
town mill in Sanbornton had given 
place to a considerable attempt at 
manufacturing, for which the adja- 
cent forests furnished the raw mate- 
rial. A little farther down the Win- 
there was a like utilization of what nipiseogee foreign capital was im- 


1 • 



. * 

Tne Crrstiar. Church. 


The general court of 1824, to 
whom the petition was presented, 

took no action of note upon it, and 
the next house ordered a committee 
to investigate the situation. This 


The Bap'js: Church. 

proving other water powers, so that 

when the era of good feeling set 

in there was an unmistakable air of 

enterprise about the sources of the 

Merrimack; and the close relations committee reported favorably upon 

of the neighboring villages which the petition, and the four towns of 

had sprung up suggested the next Andover, Sanbornton, Salisbury, and 

step, which was the petition to the Northfield, from whose territory the 

legislature for a new town. new municipality was to be made, 

Stephen Kenric 



I i 


Winnipiscogee Paper Ccrrpir/ 



.1 I I - . ' I 


a . 

The Republican Bridge. 

town, having; been christened by 
Judge Xesm\;lh, began energetically 
to set itself iim order, and for the first 

mediately took steps to prevent 

e eonsumination of the plan. By 

e means and another they were 

abled to delay action for four year chose fo>ur selectmen- — one from 

ars and to prevent the chartering each of the kmr contributing towns — 

the town until December 24, 1S28. electing them, unanimously. 

was indeed 
tizens of 
w town were, 
breve r, thor- 
fenly united 
id very deter- 
in ed. while, 
mbtless, e a c h 
the opposing 
wns was willing 
at the new town 
bttld be formed, 
fcvided that 
)neof its soil was 
ken for the pur- 
=>se. and so their 
^position failed 
1 whatever mor- 
1 force it might 
jberwise have 
a d. The new 

a " hard fi^ht. 




J-jdge Geo'ge W Neson! 

as well set up in the 
world when she 
began her inde- 
pendent exist- 
ence. There was 
already a church, 
built now for 
some eight years ; 
the Noyes acade- 
my was in opera- 
tion under the 
guidance of Mas- 
ter Benjamin Ty- 
ler; and the 
thrifty Ebenezer 
Eastman, who 
had been fore- 
most in moving 
for the new town, 
had opened a 
store and set up 

1 64 





' 1 

m m 

Memorial Hal 



a tavern, so that with his mills and 
his farm he was a fairly busy man, 
and did much to make good his claim 
to be the father of the village. 

Across "the carry." on the Win- 
nipiseogee, were several promising 
establishments. Kendall 0. Peabody 
had already begun the manufacture 

the will of Joseph Xoyes, who 
bequeathed $10,000 and hi- 

farm to found a school, and 
Master Benjamin M. Tyler was 

called to the head of it. Dur- 
ing the few years of its 
ence upon the Xoyes founda- 
tion the institution became very 
favorably known. The heirs 
of the founder, however, broke 
the will, and Master Tyler, 
after a four years' tenure, was 
turned out in the cold. He 
was not long out of doors 
though, for the people of the 
town secured the incorporation 
of "The Instructer's School,'" 
and built a new building for 
where he added to his fame 
and brought renown to the village. 
Master Tyler is one of the features 
of the Franklin historical landscape. 
As a teacher he was far in advance of 
his day. His "Instructer's School" 
was really a normal school, and in 
his teachers' class, as he called it, 


of paper after having first set up a he often numbered his pupils by the 
bakery, and the 

Granite mill was in - ■. r / 

full operation. A 
new brick block had 
just been built for 
the post-office and 
its allied features, 
and, on the whole, 
the place boasted : 
• genuine metropolitan 

Of all the features 
of the town the acad- 
emy was probably the 
most noted and the 
paper-mill was the 
most permanent. 
The a c a d e m y was 
founded in 1818 by 




Wecster Hojse 

> : 

.*-. .". 






L 1 
■ I a 

; ... - . .' 

Kiddei Machine Con- pany. 

score. As an author, too, he was not 

without fame, and his text-books 
were in use in many an old time in- 
stitution of learning. Science seems 
to have been his hobby, and labora- 
tory work was a cardinal principle of 

exercise was over. 

One day it happened 

that the pair to whom 

this work was alotted 

were a boy and girl 

between whom there 

was nn understand 

ing growing out of 

some service rendered 

previously that he 

should have a kiss. 

" Now 's your chance, 

Henry," said she 

when they were alone 

with Master Tyler's 

apparatus. Whether he acted upon 

this Priscilla-like hint the grave and 

stately lawyer who was the hero of 

the incident declines to tell. 

After Master Tyler's day the acad- 
emy -till flourished, though with 

a scholar's training. He added to diminished prestige. It was, never- 
this exercise the practical, and, as theless, a school of some prominence 
this story shows, the romantic was for many years until it yielded to 
sometimes to be found : It was Mas- richer competitors, and at last sur- 
ter Tyler's habit, when he had to rendered altogether before the en- 
perform chemical experiments with a croachments of the public school sys- 
class, to detail two pupils, a boy and tern. Many a man now noted went 
n girl, to wash the utensils after the to school here, and in the list of 






vVinr.ipijcogee Taper Con- p«r ; _ ^op«.r Pjlp Mill. 

1 66 


Instructor's School " was opened, the 
building is described in term- of 

utmost praise, and the situation and 
other advantages of the institution are 
depicted in svords of great admiration. 
' This building," writes the enthu- 
siastic girl, " in size, elegance, and 
architecture probably surpasses all 
others in the state. . . . This 
magnificent structure . . . com- 
mands an extensive prospect and 
very picturesque scenery." We are 
then gravely informed that the build- 
ing is about thirty-eight feet square, 
which goes to show that size and ele- 


Cnarles C. Kenrick. 

teachers are familiar names, for ex- 
ample, that of Charles P. Sanborn, 
later speaker of the house of repre- 
sentatives, Hon. Daniel Barnard, and 
Frank X. Parson.-, member of the 
governor's council and first mayor of 

The people of the town were very 
proud of the academy and of Master 
Tyler. In a composition, written by 
one of the pupils soon after ''The 




Kennck Block. 

gance and magnificence are but rela- 
tive matters after all. 



' V 






i i . 


Resder.ce of Craves C. Keru.c. 



*?n. ■ 




.• . . - 

Residence o' Hoi Warren F. Daniell. 

The first twenty years of Frank- 
lin's existence were both happy and 
prosperous, and were marked by but 
one untoward circumstance: The 





school. The town of Sanbornton 
was a long while in reconciling it- 
self to the new order of things, and 
the legal controversy over the rela- 
tions of the two towns was prolonged 
and bitter. 

But on the whole there was little 
to interrupt the onward progress of 
the place, and its every interest 



Synd'cate Block. 

town of North field in 1830 secured 
tne return of the territory which had 
been taken from it to make the new 
town ; but, after twenty-six years' 
possession, it was quietly ceded again 
t(J Franklin, and the children of the 
town were no longer compelled to 
tread foreign soil on their way to 


Hon. Warren F. Car. %:; 



\ W T'H 

iLl •• . . - - - - 

High School. 

grew apace. New mills were 
built, another church sprang up, 
taverns multiplied ; there was a 
wild dream of making the Mer- 
rimack navigable, by means of 
canals, as far as Franklin at the 
least; and, pending that form 
of rapid transit, the product of 
Franklin's industry was distrib- 
uted over the country by teams 
which kept the path well worn 
to the larger centres of trade, 
with their loads of palm-leaf hats, 
stockings, paper, cloths, tubs, 
barrels, and Bibles, — which, with 

the imprint of Peabody 
^: Daniell, are to be 

found to-day in many a 
New Hampshire home. 
During this time, too, 
the village had all the 
ills of youth, and passed 
through fire and flood 
and all other grim visi- 
tations, and was quite 
ready for the new con 
ditions of life which the 
forties presented w i t h 
the development of rail- 
road building:. The fam- 





Wes1 G'a^-.Tar S.-ool 


ous New Hampshire turn- 
pikes with all their num- 
bers from one to ten had 
counted Franklin entirely 
out of the running, but 
the town's natural advan- 
tages were so great that 
its development was in a 
measure independent, as 
conditions were then, of 
such adventitious aids, 
and weie of a nature to 
demand notice from the 
later transportation com- 



Bank Block. 

Nesmith was the town's 
champion, and. from his 
commanding position at the 

bar, from his importance in 
matters of finance, and from 
his official connection with 
the railroad ns an incorpora- 
tor and as first president of 
the corporation, he secured 
the building of the road to 
Franklin over heavy grades 
and despite the protests of 
engineers and stockholders. 

Judge Nesmith's benefits to 
Franklin were the constant 

Geography, however, was 

s ranch against Franklin 
o\v as when the turnpikes 
•ere constructed, and if it 
ad not been for one of her 
iti/.ens who made the issue 
vital one, it is not likely 
nit the Northern Railroad 
ould in the first instance 
ftve touched the headwa- 
ys of the Merrimack, and 
ranklin would have been 
n a branch instead of on 
lie main line, 
but again George W. 



.■'"■ I 
I £ -'• * — ri-i II ! | 

Franklin & Triton Railroad Station 





V • 

- =5s 

■3 , • n 




I '] 

Smith Libra' 

features in his seventy years 
of activity in the community, 
and, from the time when he 
first came to ' ' the Lower Vil- 
lage" to study law until the 
day of his death, the town 
boasted no more earnest 
friend. All in all, he must 
be ranked as Franklin's first 
citizen, for there have been 
none whose love for the place 
and whose exertions in its 
behalf have been more in- 
tense or enduring. And in 
addition, many a man owes 




• - - 


Residence of Hon. Alvah W. Sulioway. 

all that he is to the judge's kindly 
encouragement. As an instance 
may be mentioned the late Hon. 
Austin F. Pike, who at the time of 
his death was a senator of the United 
States. He studied law with Judge 
Nesmith, and lived in the judge's 
family. Recalling those times one 
day after he had gone to the senate, 
Mr. Pike commented upon the fact. 

and said that the judge 
boarded him for a dollar a 

week, " and trusted at that ! ' 
The late Stephen Gordon 
Nash, who was once a mem- 
ber of the Massachusetts su- 
perior court, was another of 
the judge's students; and so 
was the late Col. Mason \V. 
Tappan, member of congress. 
officer in the Union arm}-. 
and attorney-general ; and 
the late Hon. Daniel Barnard, 
attorney-general, president of 
the state senate, and member 
of the governor's council. 
Well, the railroad came to town, 
and its advent was celebrated by a 
bis: dinner for which were called into 











Hon. Alvah W Sullo^aj 

Hon. Frank N. Parsons. 

requisition all the dishes in town, 
and the citizens contributed liberally 
to feed the host which came in on 
the first train (which, by way of 
parenthesis, had for engineer and 
fireman two men who afterward be- 



came general managers of roads in 
other states) . The feast was served 
in a large store building erected 
beside the track by Gov. Joseph A. 
Gilmore, and was as well attended as 


dinners usually are 





f- -1 

Edward G. Leach, Esq. 

Maj. William A. Gile. 

The first railroad train brought 
.ureat joy to the people of Franklin, 
no doubt, but with its advent the 
local color was wiped from 
the face of the community, 
and Franklin's complexion 
was uncommonly vivid. 
Sot that this was the spe- 
cial habitat of the odd 
stick, but that the speci- 
mens which grew here 
*ere unusually well devel- 
oped. Chief among them 
•° r a half century was 
"Boston John " Clark, a 
noted builder and con- 
ductor, who, though to- 
Wly unlettered, was most 
acute and shrewd, suc- 

ceeding where others failed. When 
the state house was built it was 
foumd that the woodwork which had 
been framed for the interior of the 
structure could not be brought to fit 
as was intended. "Boston John" 
was sent for, and undertook to carry 
out (the architect's plans. It was a 
peculiarity of his methods that he 

Tne Gi'e Homestead. 


I ... 

came back to his work 
after dinner on the first 
day he retneasured his 
pole, and found that an 
inch had been cut from the 
end of it. He secured an- 
other rod of the required 
length, and never lost 
sight of it until the job 
was ended. lie was em- 
ployed upon many a large 
contract, and several of 

- • 



Residence of Aiken. 

never used pencil or 
paper figures in reach- 
ing his conclusions : he 
did all his figuring in 
his head, and was al- 
ways right. So when 
he came to Concord he 
said that the only way 
he could be deceived 
was by somebody's in- 
terfering with the ten- 
foot pole with which 
he did his measuring. 
Therefore, when he 

the strongest dams and 
bridges in the state were 
built by him. among them 
the Republican bridge at 



Walter Aiken s Sons' Hos ; ery Mill. 

Residence o' Geo-^e E. Shc-pard. 

Franklin; he was 
also the builder of 
the works at Sewall's 
Falls, Concord, when 
the first attempt was 
made to utilize that 

Xot the least of 
" Boston John's " ac- 
complishments was 
the power of hyp- 
notism, w h i ch h e 
p o s s e s s e < 1 to a 
marked degree, and 
often displayed f<»r 



bey an 


1 < 

Residence of E. H. Sturtevar.t. 

the benefit of the loiterers about the 
village store. On one occasion it was 
used to a much better 
purpose: Mr. Jeremiah 
K. Daniell, one of the 
owners of the paper mill, 
caught his arm in some 
of the mill machinery, 
and the pain was so se- 
vere that he was unable 
to sleep, and the physi- 
cians feared for his life. 
At this juncture "Boston 
John" was sent for, and 
by the application of his 
mesmeric power he sent the patient 
into a heavy sleep — years before Jean 

Martin Charcot 
preach the doctrine oi 

" Boston John's" brother, 
'Squire Chirk, was the vil- 
lage magistrate, and upon 
I his death bequeathed the 
fund which now supports 
the Franklin library. 

'Squire Clark did not mo- 
nopolize the title, however, 
for its honors were shared 
by 'Squire White, who was 
a local magnate and a ly- 

eeum debater high in public favor. 

He v. as a man of the utmost liberality 






I - 


F-anklin Needle Company. 

of mind, and one of his daughters, 
Francis Emily White, was the second 

woman in New Hamp- 
shire to take a degree 
from the Woman's 
Medical college, of 
Pennsylvania, in which 
institution she is now 
a professor, after hav- 
ing studied in the most 
famous schools of F,u- 




•* ' 

■ .* -i ' 


••' V. * • • 






Residence o? Mrs. T. H. Shepard. 


The first New Hamp- 
shire woman to gradu- 
ate from this o 
was also Franklin-born, 
and went to Const nti 



diately succeeding the opening of the 
road a large part of Vermont's traffic 
sought an outlet here, and mam- of 

the Vermont troops for the Mexican 
war passed through here on their wax- 
to their station. 


Walter Aiken. 


nople, where she became an eminent 

Upon the opening of the railroad 
as far north as here came an added 
importance to the village, and a new 
stage road was cut to New Hampton 
and Plymouth, and a new tavern, the 
Webster house, was built to accom- 
modate the increased travel. As the 
terminus of railroad communication, 
Franklin was a busier place than 
ever, and during the years imme- 




Residence of Michael Duffy. 

From this on there is but a single 
harmonious strain in all the story. 
Energy and capital seized upon the 
opportunities which here awaited 

d i 


-„ ■ - 




Residence of Jonas B. A.*e", Webster Lake. 





P •■■ 

Residence of Charles C Page. 

both, and native and imported genius 
and industry have made the town. 
Much of what has been done is but 
the logical increase of what already 


Residence of Rev. Fatner Timon. 

existed, such, for example, as the de- 
velopment of the paper and pulp in- 
( Ustry and the continuation in the 
1 ranklin mills of a business, the 
germs of which have long existed. 
Hit hosiery business and its allied 
wades of needle making and knitting 
Machine building, however, have 

been the spontaneous outgrowth of 
Franklin's own enterprise, and took 
their first strides beneath the cun- 
ning hands of the Aiken family, 
whose name still remains, the trade- 
mark and guaranty of one of the most 
honorable houses in the state. 

With the growth of all the indus- 
tries of the town and the natural 
increase in all lines of private and 
public activity, which followed as a 

Or. Frances Emily VVnite. 

l 7 6 



I -v- ■£■ ' 

... \ 


Winnipiseogee Papier Company 

matter of course, with the coining of 
an increasing population and the at- 
tendant inconvenience of the old form 
of government, came a longing for a 
city charter, which was granted by 
the legislature of 1S93, and went into 
operation in 1895. The first mayor, 
Hon. Frank X. Parsons, was elect- 

ed, as were the first selectmen of the 
old town, without opposition, — a con- 
dition of things political which is 
quite unusual in this town of hard 
political battles, where party feeling 
has seldom run at less than a full 
flood. The old-time campaigns here 
were memorable ones, and in the 



* Mm 



Mrs. Octavia M. Coii-n:. 

S. H. Rob>e. 



■ WW" 

• Tippecanoe and Tyler, loo," cam- what it 
. ugii, when the name of Judge Nes- and pro 
'.•ah led the list 

, | Whig presi- 

dcntial electors, 

Franklin's log 

ibin was the 

• o n d e i" of t h e 
county ; and it is 
•• lated that when 
Lhe biggest rally 
pi the season was 
I eld at Concord 
and the Franklin 
\ abin appea red 
in the procession, 
Mason W. Tap- 
; an, then study- 
ing law with 
Judge George \V. 
N'e smith, was 
s e a t e d on the 
roof, fiddling, 

in his en- 


R:ce as G = 

Inusiasm, fiddled 
1 the strings off his instrument ! 
Franklin bids fair to be as a citv 


was as a town — prosperous 
jressive in all things. In all 

that g<><^ mate- 
rially to make up 
a m o d e 1 X e w 

England munici- 
pality it has al- 
ready nearly a 
full complement. 

Its .schools are in 
the front rank ; 
its public build- 
ings are models 
of convenience 
and beauty ; its 
streets are well 
kept ; it has a 
system of water- 
works which is 
adequate to every 
need for years to 
come, and the 
beginnings have 
been made for a 
sewer s y s t e m 
comprehensive ; its business 
are alert and enterprising, 




FranKhn M.Hs. 

t 7 8 



New HamoiKire Orphans' Horre, Webstef Place 


with ample slocks and commodious 
places of business; two well stocked 
libraries cater to the literary wants of 
the people, both sustained by slender 
foundations, one already mentioned 
and the other, the Smith library, en- 
dowed by Mrs. Persis Smith, of St. 
Louis, a native of the town. This libra- 
ry is under the direction of the Unita- 
rian church, to which the founder ha 5 
been equally generous in other di- 
rections. Two newspapers are main- 
tained in town. One of these, the 
Merrimack Journal ', is now a quarter 
of a century old, and is conducted by 
Mrs. O. M. Collins, one of the two 
editors of her sex within the state-. 
The other, the Franklin Transcript^ +. 

a semi-weekly, is edited by Mr. S. H. 
Robie, who adds to his editorial du- 
ties those of city marshal, and is abl 
to make a success of both, demon 
strating in his latter capacity that 
prohibition does prohibit. 

The spiritual field is covered by 
seven established churches and an 
Episcopal mission ; and in this same 
catalogue it is fitting to speak of the 
most practical Christian beneficence 
in the state, which is the New Hamp- 
shire Orphans' Home, located upon 
the Kims farm at the " Lower Vil- 
lage," and housed in part within the 
identical walls which sheltered the 
youthful days of Daniel Webster, and 
supported in part from the very farm 


- ■■■ .;,. -- 


Strfloway Mi 



- -here the expounder of the constitu- 
tion hung the scythe upon the limb 
() f a tree, and whither in the midst of 
Lis greatness and successes he was 

wont to turn for rest and pleasure. 

There are other haunts of Webster 
in his native town. The lowly cot- 
tage where he was born still stands. 
and near it sweeps the stately 
branches of the old elm. bending 
. hove the deep, cool well, which lie 
declared the sweetest water on earth. 
(nation rock, where are said to have 
been penned some of his mightiest 

Thompson, member of both branches 
of congress, speaker of the state 
house of representatives, and state 
treasurer; of George W. Nesmith, 
member of the supreme court ; of 
Austin F. Pike, senator of the United 
Si, ites ; of Warren h\ Danieli. mem- 
ber of congress; of Daniel Barnard, 
attorney -general ; of Isaac X. Blod- 
gett, judge of the Xew Hampshire 
supreme- court: of A. W. Sulloway, 
railroad president, state senator, and 
leader of a great political party ; of 
Stephen Kenrick, railroad president 

> ' ' .-■■■ 

) I AT 

' 1 

I i 

Residence of G. 0. Mayo. 

speeches, is still pointed out to the 

visitor, and away two miles to the 

north lies the beautiful lake which 

irs his name, and which is now 

becoming a popular summer resort, 

*ith its scores of cottages dotting its 

shores, one of them the summer haunt 

' : Fanny Rice Purdy, who went from 

Franklin farm to the operatic stage. 

W ebster's name, however, is not 

" ie only one which Franklin 1ms 

; 'ven to the roll of fame, though 

r, t« his any place might well be 

nt. To be sure all the others 

'' ni e after him at a great distance. 

^ When one thinks of Thomas \V. 

and financier; of Walter Aiken, in- 
ventor, manufacturer, and man of 
affairs : — when one thinks of these 
men, not to mention others, who 
have contributed to the world's good 
while they have been residents of 
Franklin, one must feel that Frank- 
lin's space on the page of fame is 
disproportionately large . 

But its space is not yet filled. 
The glories of Franklin as a town 
are not wholly its own. they are 
closely intermingled with the boasts 
of Salisbury and Sanbornton and An- 
dover and Northfield. Its future great- 
ness, however, shall be its very own. 



[Translated from the German of Hans Werder.j 

By A gat It a B. E. Chandler. 


. ■ V y ? ,M;w could llot 

E bad told her 
not to fret nor 
worry, and she 
better than fol- 
low such good 
advice. Ulrike sat and thought it all 
over with an anxious heart. She 
pictured herself as a lost child in 
a gloomy forest, with no way of 
escape, while robbers and hungry 
wolves lurked on every side. Then 
her strange protector's comforting 
words reechoed in her heart — surely 
he would be able to perform the 
task which he undertook with such 
absolute confidence. Why not. then, 
rest in the hope that his hand might 
be more powerful to aid her than she 
had at first supposed ? 

She thought of Benno von Traut- 
witz who had so entirely deserted 
her, he who protested his love and 
desire to serve her, — what was he 
now doing for her: 5 What if this 
stern and warlike captain had let 
things take their course, while he, 
also, did nothing but make pretty 
speeches? She believed that he 
would do more than that, and was 
comforted by her faith, so that when 
bed-time came she was quieter, and 
at last fell asleep. 

The cold winter morning: broke 

cllear and beautiful, and with it came 
calmer thoughts, which in the _ 
ing and un romantic light of day im- 
pressed upon her the entire hopeless- 
ness of her situation. It was in this 
frame of mind that Reutlingen found 
her when he reappeared. 

il Now, my dear young lady, haw 
you thought of any other way out (■: 
cur difficulty^ Our plans of 
yesterday seem utterly 
impracticable to-day; 
Hertzberg has even 
keard that Herr von Tre 
foenow has gone to the ; -""" 
capital, Warschau. I /?& 
also spoke with him 
and Eickstadt about 
your cousin, and we 
are all of the same 
opinion about him." 




• s — 



can we do ? " 
asked Ul- // 

rike trem- , / ■ A 

ulously. I ^' 

"I can- - y 

not stay / 

here, \ 



cannot go away." "So it seems, 

surely," he answered. " Please tell 
me again elearly what your plans 

"It is useless." cried Ulrike. 
"Your exactness drives me almost 
to despair; what good can it do 
me ? ' ' 

"To despair," he repeated slowly 
and emphatically, seating himself in 
a chair before her. "P'lease now, 
my dear young lad}', hear my propo- 
sition, and perhaps the despair which 
weighs you down will pass away." 
His face flushed, and he gave a short 
deep sigh. 

"Trust me, and go with us — as 
my wife.." 

" Herr von Reutlingen ! " 

If he had thrust the point of his 
sabre at her breast her cry could not 
have been more full of terror. She 
sprang from her chair, and would 
have rushed from the room had he 
not quickly and firmly reseated her 
with a strong hand, saying, "Calm 
yourself; 1 beg you to listen to me." 

" Is this noble to make sport of my 
helplessness?" burst from her lips. 

"I am not making sport of you. 
I am courting you honestly, and as 
an honorable man should." 

It seemed to Ulrike that he must 
hear her heart, so violent was its 

'* And what induces you to make 
toe this offer," she asked at last. 

"My word of honor which I 
pledged to save and protect you. 
• will keep it despite the conse- 
quences. " 

It occurred to her that he should 
a *so have said, " I love you," but she 
s&w that he had no such idea in his 
"Und, and a feeling of anger arose 
within her heart. 

"Contemptible! How can you 

ask such a thing 2 It is an insult ! " 

"I can see nothing contemptible 

in it," he answered, "and when an 

honorable man courts a girl with 

honest intentions, it is never an in- 

Ulrike offered no response to this 
epigram, but after a long pause she- 
cast a shy glance at him. 

"1 don't know you at all, and 
your knowledge of me is quite as 
limited — " 

'"1 know you well enough," he 
broke in, laughing, "to know that 
no man could have a sweeter or more 
charming wife." 

She shuddered, and cried vehe- 
mently, " I would rather die! " 

He began to laugh heartily. "I 
am not at all obliged to you for that, 
my dear young lady, but death is not 
the worst fate that could come to 
either of us. You might be forced 
to live through things far worse than 
death should I leave you to your 
fate, and it is to protect you from 
such a possibility that I offer you my 
hand, my name, and my rank. From 
the moment of our wedding you 
would be safe, for there is not an 
officer nor a man in the Prussian 
army who would dare to treat Reut- 
lingen's wife with anything but re- 

Ulrike covered her eyes with her 
hands. " Rather kill me," she mur- 
mured fearfully. 

"That I could not do, believe 
me," he answered tenderly. " What 
I offer you is better than death, and 
the Step once taken you will nevei 
regret it." 

Ulrike wrung her hands. "Ter- 
rible thought," she exclaimed. 

Reutlingen bent his head and 



stroked his long mustache, to con- 
ceal the smile that he could not keep 
from his lips. 

11 Your words arc certainly not 

flattering to me, my dear young lady, 
but please listen to me quietly. Tell 
me, will you hear me for a few mo- 
ments longer ? ' ' 

"Oil, yes," was the response. 

"Well, then, 1 shall have to get 
his majesty's consent, which I hope 
will be easily obtained. On the day 
before our inarch the chaplain will 
marry us, and you will go with the 
regiment to Groszenhayn. From 
there I will take you to Steinhovel, 
where you will live, not as a fugitive 
nor as a guest, but as the mistress of 
the house. Thus your position will 
be assured from the day of our be- 
trothal. The personal relations be- 
tween us — do you think you under- 
stand me? — will not change. I will 
not allow myself to so much as touch 
your hand unless you offer it to me. 
Then when the war is ended I will 
ask you to stay and remain my wife, 
and, if you will not, will sever the 
bonds between us, and set you free." 

He sprang up. "Well, please 
think over what I have said, and 
decide what plan you wish to adopt. 
To-morrow at ten o'clock I will come 
to hear your decision." 

A low bow. and the door closed 
behind him. 

Anxiety and despair raged in her 
heart as she realized that there was 
no escape. 

Reutlingen walked with a quick 
step to the refectory where he had 
left his brother officers an hour be- 
fore. Blue clouds of tobacco smoke 
filled the air, and a gay jest and 
merry laughter sounded forth as he 


Wolf ! " he cried in a 

commanding voice that rang above 

the din. 

"Captain," and Eichstadt stepped 
out quickly, Reutlingen closing the 
door again behind them. 

"Are you perfectly sober?" asked 
Reutlingen, gazing sharply into the 
lieutenant's eyes as he spoke. 

11 Impertinent question ! Of course 
I am." 

"Upon your honor! I want to 
talk seriously with you." 

"You may convince yourself; but 
come, we will go into the garden, it 
is terribly cold there, but so much 
the better, for we shall surely be 

They strode over the crisp snow 
until they stood in the middle of 
one of the white paths, and there 
Reutlingen related to his astonished 
friend the story of his interview with 

"But, man, for heaven's sake, are 
you crazy ? Did you tell her that — 
are you telling the truth ? You are 
not speaking seriously, surely?" 

The captain laughed and rubbed 
his hands. "Tell me, am I inter- 
fering with your plans. Wolf ? \\ e 
can't afford to have any misunder- 
standing about that." 

"No, indeed; no danger of that. 
But, Jobst, she certainly can't think 
of complying with your request ? " 

"We shall see. I wasn't speak- 
ing idly when I said, 'Reutlingen 
takes what he wants! 

"But you don't imagine for an 
instant that his majesty will give his 
consent to this crazy affair? " 

" I have never asked the favor that 
his majesty promised me at Hohen- 
friedburg. If she consents I will go 
to the colonel early in the morning 
and get leave of absence to go to 



headquarters at Freiberg. One of 

• the king's 'Caesars of Hohenfried- 

burg 1 will not have to ask a favor 

"What are you thinking of, Reut- 

• lingen? You have been holding the 

king's promise for fourteen years or 
more, and now you are going to hold 
him to his word in order to help 
I'lrike von Trebenow out of her diffi- 
culty? And throw away your life 
into the bargain ? " 

"Yes," answered the captain, meet- 
ing his friend's inquiring glance 

"Jobst, why do you do this? Is 
it from chivalrous motives alone ? 
You are n't the least bit in love with 
the girl ; do you realize that ? " 

"You think not? Well, I shan't 
change my mind for all that." 

11 What hidden motive have you in 
tb* e ? 

whims at this 
pense ? " 

Reutlingen shrugged his shoul- 

"Oh, I shall try to win her love 
afterwards at any rate, and if I try 
I shall succeed ; the wild one would 
never fail in such an undertak- 

'That is conceited enough; you 
abuse her helpless situation " 

"Stop! Xo ! I do not! Upon 
my honor! If I knew of any other 
**ay out of the difficulty for her I 
should n't try to persuade her, but I 
«*0 not. And then, too, she is such 
a shy little thing that some man 
WI H surely scare her into marrying 
niI U; and why shouldn't I be that 

He took his friend's arm and they 
returned to the house together. 

Why do you indulge your 
poor girl's ex- 

' Be kind enough, Wolf, to go 


her. Talk to her and encourage 


"Encourage her to marry you, 

wild one? Well. I don't see quite 
how to do that." 

At the stroke of ten the next morn- 
ing the captain stepped into ITrike's 
room, but she tinned to the window 
instead of returning his greeting. 
He remained standing silently in the 
middle of the room for a time, fearing 
to disturb her, but with a lurking 
smile in his wild blue eyes. vSurely 
she was not going to give him a defi- 
nite refusal or she woidd have met 
him with it when he entered. He 
saw that the victory was won. 

" Fraulein von Trebenow,'' he said 
in a low voice at last. She drew 
herself together but made no answer. 
Then he stepped to the window and 
stood beside her. He saw her blonde 
head bowed close beside him, and 
caught a glimpse of her brow and 
cheek, her skin so fair that he could 
follow the purple veins down to her 
throat. At his gaze a flush suffused 
her face and neck. 

11 My dear young lady, shall we 
not end the agony of this indecision ? 
Here is my hand : place yours in it." 

She drew both hands away and 
met his gaze with- a hunted glance. 

44 Have pity on me and kill me 
instead ! It will not be so hard for 
you — it is certainly not the first 
time " 

"That I have committed murder ? 
Yes ; it would be the fir>t time, and 
I do n't wish to begin with you, poor 
child. If you will but give your life 
into my hands you shall live and not 
die, and the trust that you place in 
me shall be something holy to me. 
I a-k no other privilege than to In- 
allowed to care lor yon and protect 

1 8 4 


you. I. will not molest you. Will 
you ti\ it ? M 

• 1 cannot, ^'.iptain von Reutlin- 
gen. M 

Ho bent his head a trifle and 
gazed into her eyes. Then he 
Stretched out his hand a strong 
vigorous, manly hand, ready and 
able to hold List whatever it might 
grasp, and not one t-> lightly give 
back that which it had once held. 
What was going on in Ulrike's 
heart? What feelings raged within 
her^ What was changing her deci- 
sion, at first so firmly made? She 
laid her hand in his open palm, and 
when his strong grasp closed over it 
she knew what she had done. She 
realized that of her own accord she 
had irretrievably given herself to him 
and ruined her life. She tried to 
shriek and recall her action, but her 
voice failed her. 

i uuuik you, and I give you my 
word that you shall never regret it," 
* he ^—-- "i$ nuging \oice declare. 
"And now away to the king ! I will 
ask his approval of our marriage." 
He drew Iier trembling hands to his 
lips, then let them fall, and hurried 
from the room. 

reiuvnand! v His voice rang 
through th« house, and his servant 
hurried to his side. " Run quickly ! 
I wam Peter :o saddle my old horse ; 
I mus* gc to the castle immediately. 
He rr.;-,>; also have my brown charger 
read} :.- me at tvvelre o'clock, for I 
sIlL1 -; - — leave for Freiberg. Get 
*n>" r: ;; x Av; :c .u:y. and tell Lieuten- 
ant v ' :r - Hembeig to take charge of 
** : ~ V V until my return. I shall 
"" L ; v c s at Freilx rg, Ferdinand, 

e assi Luous in your 
att *«*»s "-- Fraulein von Trebenow 
cIu -> : ^" ce. I shall hold you 

responsible for her safety with your 

" I understand, captain." 

11 Go, then." 

The captain went quickly to his 
room, where he found Wolf von Eick- 
stadt awaiting him. The light of 
victory glowed so brightly in his 
eyes that the lieutenant understood 
at once. 

"You don't mean it?" he cried, 
springing up to greet his friend. 

"Yes; it is true." Reutlingen 
threw himself into a chair and 
crossed his legs and rubbed his 
hands, while Wolf stood before him 
excited and astonished. 

"I 'd really like to know how you 
did it ; yesterday she trembled at the 
mere thought of such a thing." 

" She did the same to-day, but she 
gave me her hand when I asked for 
it — a small, soft hand ; I could have 
crushed it had I wished, and that 
gives it its charm to me." 

"Wonderful!" exclaimed Wolf 
excitedly. "And yesterday she pro- 
tested that she would rather die ! " 

"Yes, I heard that in all tones 
and keys ; but she does not die — yet 
should we ride away and leave her 
to her fate? Do n't be childish, but 
look at it in its true light. I must 
be off to get my leave. At twelve 
o'clock I start for Freiberg, but 
before I go I will turn the troop over 
to Hertzberg. Take care of her 
while I am gone, Wolf, and be good 
to her: she is nervous and worried. 
Guard her for me. 1 entrust her to 
you : do you understand ? " 

"Yes, yes: old fellow. You cer- 
tainly do n't deserve it. but I will 
love the little one myself while you 
are gone. You may (Upend i 




Captain von Reutlingen stood be- 
fore the king, having modestly re- 
minded his majesty of the promised 
favor so long unclaimed. He had 

explained his wishes and his reasons 
therefor in detail, but the king's eyes 
flashed and the dark frown upon his 
brow showed his displeasure. 

"You know that it is anything but 
agreeable for me to have my young' 
officers many ; why do you not show 
some regard for my wishes? I would 
never have offered to grant you a 
favor had I thought that you would 
abuse my kindness in this way." 

Reutlingen's heart throbbed in his 
breast, for the king's displeasure was 
more feared by him than death. 

"If you had to indulge in such 
nonsense," the king continued after 
a pause, " if you could not bring this 
amour to an end, you should at least 
have given up all idea of an immedi- 
ate marriage." 

11 May it please your majesty, it 
is no amour; the young lady will be 
in a very sorry plight unless I care 
for her. I want to marry ner and 
send her to my home ; T do n't expect 
to see her again until after the end 
of the campaign." 

You are a fool ! What influence 
has this girl over you ? You must 
drop the affair altogether." 

11 Please your majesty, I have 
already bound myself, supposing 
that your majesty would gladly ap- 
prove of my course." 

"And now you think that I should 
guard your honor by giving my con- 
sent? Is that your wish ? " 
1 Yes, your majesty." 
Hie king's brow became a trifle 
smoother, and his searching glance 

penetrated deep into the eyes that 
met his own so freely and fearlessly. 
" You will pain me deeply, culprit, 

if you force me to withdraw my prom- 
ise of advancement ; you have hither- 
to been a true man and a faithful 
soldier — see that you remain so in 
the future." 

"Your majesty is unkind to trifle 
with me, for I do not care to live 
unless I can serve you." 

"Very good; you have my con- 
sent. You may marry to-morrow or 
whenever you will. You will dine 
with me to-day. I wish, though, 
that your request had been a differ- 
ent one." 

So Jobst von Reutlingen's journey 
was successful, and his breast was 
filled with joy and triumph, his feel- 
ing of pain at having incurred the 
king's displeasure being dissipated 
by the thought of dining at the royal 

He found himself at dinner among 
a number of officers, most of whom 
were friends, and all of whom we re- 
glad to welcome him, but above all 
else to him was the pleasure of being- 
near the king, of feasting his eyes 
upon the grace and majesty of that 
glorious monarch, upon whom he 
gazed, so filled with glowing enthu- 
siasm that he forgot to eat or 

'"Gentlemen." said the king. "I 
have to-day given my consent to this 
young captain's marriage, and he can 
boast that he forced me to do it. I 
promised to grant any favor he might 
ask, in recognition of his gallantry at 
Hohenfriedburg. but until today he 
would ask nothing. Now. however, 
vou mav congratulate him." 

1 86 


At this announcement the officers 
raised their glasses and drank the 
captain's health. 

14 lie should have waited a time 
longer, at least," continued his maj- 
esty. " How old are yon, Reutlin- 
gen ? ' ' 

"Thirty, your majesty." 

"Thirty, — then you were only six- 
teen on that glorious day at Hohen- 
friedburg. It is too bad, yon might 
have become great some day. You 
would be a great accession to the 
hussars ; what do you say to my 
transferring him, Kleist ? " As he 
said this he turned to Colonel von 
Kleist, the commander of the green 
hussars, one of the most daring 
horsemen and brilliant cavalry lead- 
ers of the army. 

"As yon wish, your majesty. It 
would please me greatly, but would 
not the Baireuth dragoons part with 
their captain unwillingly? " 

The king glanced questioningly at 
the captain, who answered bravely, — 
11 Your majesty has been good enough 
to make me a captain in the Baireuth 
dragoons, and 1 could wish for noth- 
ing better. I wish above all things 
to do my duty faithfully as long as I 
have the honor to wear your majes- 
ty's uniform." 

44 Have you not a brother in a hus- 
sar regiment? " continued the king. 

"Yes, your majesty; my only 
brother is a lieutenant in the Putt- 
kamer hussars, and was wounded at 
the battle of Kunersdorf." 

"You know," exclaimed Major 
Quintus Icilius, who sat opposite the 
king, "we always call these Putt- 
kamer hussars 'the sheep,' because 
of their white coats." 

The king's eyes flashed brightly 
as there passed through his mind the 

thought of the fights at Prag, Zorn- 
dorf, and Collin, where the white fur 
of the Puttkamer hussars had been 

colored by the blood from the enemy 
and from their own hearts, as well as 
of the battle of Kunersdorf, where 
the colonel of the hussars himself met 
his death at the head of his men. 
His glance travelled over the as>em- 
bled company, and lie was filled with 
gratitude and pride as he remembered 
the regiment's gallant deeds. 

"Beware of these white hussars,'' 
said the king, " who come to you in 
sheep's clothing, but inwardly are as 
ravening wolves." 

The green hussar inclined his head 
towards Reutlingen. ■' Repeat that 
to your brother, Captain von Reut- 
lingen, it is great praise from the 
mouth of our might}" king." 

"I will, colonel; it will heal his 

The king now addressed his con- 
versation to his intellectual favorite, 
Quintus Icilius, the commander of 
a celebrated free battalion, who owed 
his name to a dispute which he 
had with the king. The latter once 
spoke of the Roman tribune, " Quin- 
tus Caecilius," and Major von Gui- 
chard corrected him, saying, " Quin- 
tus Icilius was the tribune's name, 
your majesty.'' 

The king, wishing to make sure, 
looked the matter up, and found that 
"Quintus Icilius" was correct. He 
had been mistaken. "Well, Gui- 
chard, you were right, and, as a re- 
ward, you shall be called ' Quintus 
Icilius.' " 

Guichard thought at first that the 
king was jesting, but he soon found 
out to his disgust that there was no 
fun in it, for the name clung to him 
in spite of his prayers. " Quintus 


i8 7 

Icilius " he remained, and his real 
name was forgotten. 

Guichard did not lose favor with 

the king on account ol this incident, 
tor his majesty still loved to engage the 

major in a brilliant war of words, and 
now commenced his favorite amuse- 
ment, the whole company turning to 
listen to the friendly banter and ear- 
nest discussion that followed. Reut- 
lingen was charmed by the wit and 
fire that flashed 'from one to the 
other, inspiring even the hearers. 
What cared he for the past or future 
so long as he could serve so brilliant 
a monarch ? 

Reutlingen left Freiberg intoxi- 
cated by the recollection of the 
hours just passed, his soul filled 
with an enthusiasm bordering on 
adoration. The long lonely ride 
through the cold winter air was a 
pleasant time for thought, enabling 
him to strengthen and confirm his 
impressions, and giving him a chance 
to collect his wandering thoughts. 

During Reutlingen's absence Ul- 
rike waited for two fearful days and 
sleepless nights to learn her fate. 
She was grateful to Wolf von Kiek- 
stadt for his kindness to her, for his 
courtesy and attention had shortened 
many of the lonely hours. He made 
her go out into the cold winter air 
with him, and as he walked by her 
side spoke warmly of his friend's 
splendid qualities, saying that he- 
had known Reutlingen since his 
boyhood, and that he was sure 
she would never regret having con- 
sented to marry him. Still his words 
were all to no purpose, for he could 
see how she feared becoming the 
Wife of the wild Reutlingen. Her 
one prayer was that the king would 
erfuse his consent, and she clung to 

this hope in despair, convulsively 
forcing from her mind the thought 
of what would become of her should 
Reutlingen be unable to help her. 

Suddenly, on the third day, .she 
was startled by hearing the captain's 
voice ringing above the bustle of the 
old cloister, now converted into a 
bustling barrack, and she knew that 
he had returned. She did not have 
long to wait until she heard his quick 
step and knock; the door Hew open 
and he stood before her, his eyes 
shining in the half-darkened room. 
Ah, it was unnecessary to ask if his 
journey had been successful ! He 
bowed low before her. 

" My dear young lady, his majesty 
the king has most graciously given 
his consent ; there is now nothing to 
prevent our marriage. To-morrow 
evening or the following morning, 

O DO' 

the old chaplain will be here, and I 
will have the honor of making you 
my wife. Have you any commands 
for me before that time ! " 

Ulrike did not answer, but stood 
before him as motionless as a statue. 
Reutlingen looked at her, and his 
heart filled with pity. 

"Have n't you reconciled yourself 
to the marriage ; I had hoped that 
you would have done so: everything 
went so well on my journey that I 
trusted it might have been the same 
with you." 

Ulrike shook her head in silence. 

1,1 Don't be so anxious, little one," 
he continued gently. " You have 
nothing to fear from me. Don't for- 
get that I shall keep my promise ; I 
will not claim any privileges that you 
do not grant me willingly. Aren't 
you satisfied with that!*" 

Ulrike bowed her head in unwilling 
assent. She longed to overcome her 



fear and speak to him, but she could or commands I am always at your 

y dear young 
I have made all arrangements, 
leave Langenrode 


11 I thank vou 
and we must leave uangenroae on 

the day after our wedding. Yen will 
ride in a sleigh with Annette, and I 
will do all that I can to make you 
comfortable. If vou have anv wishes 

service. For the present I beg you 

to excuse me." 

lie was gone, and Ulrike had not 
uttered a single protest. She was 
heart-broken, lor another chance had 
gone, the door of escape was again 
cl «5ed, and she had lost her free- 
dom . 

[to be continued.] 



y ,- 

• & 


Conducted by Fred Gciving, State Superintendent of Public Instruction. 


/?/ 7- c. ss^ 

Turning to Brewster's " Rambles." 
as one must do who would know the 
beginnings of things in Portsmouth, 
we find that he has unearthed from 
among the records of the March meet- 
ing of 1696 the following vote, pre- 
sumably the first bill of school legis- 
lation in New Hampshire: 

11 That care be taken that an abell 
scollmaster be provided for the towen 
as ye law directes, not visious in con- 
versation ; and yt Mr Joshua Moody 

and Mr Sam'l Penhalow be desired in 
behalf of the towen to treat with some 
mett persons for yt servis, that thirtey 
pounds mony pr anum be allowed sd 
scollmaster as a sallery to be raised 
as ye law diretes." 

Could we to-day more tersely sum 
up the essential qualifications of " an 
at>ell scollmaster'' than that he be 
11 not visious in conversation " ? 

In the next year the records tell us 
the following story : 





. ■ 



.High Scnool, Dasr.iel Street. 

"At a meeting of ye sellecttmen 

agreed with Mr Tho. Phippes to be 
scollmaster for the towen this yr 
insewing for teaching the inhabitants 
children in such maner as other seoll- 
masters yuosly doe through out the 
countrie ; for his soe doinge we the 
sellecttmen in behalfe of ower towen 
doe ingage to pay him by way of rate 
twenty pounds and yt he shall and 
may reseave from everey father or 
master that sends theyer children to 
school this yeare after ye rate of 16s 
for readers, writers and cypherers 
20s, Latterners 24s." 

And so began with Mr. Thomas 
Phipps that long succession that for 
almost a double century has toiled 
with varying success and failure to 
keep in the path of knowledge and 
duty the eonstantlv replenished swarm 
of readers, writers, cypherers, and 
Latterners, and by no means sleeping 
in the musty records, but still keenly 
alive in the hearts of the people is the 
determination that old Strawberry 
Bank shall have " abell scollmaster^ " 
who shall teach as others "yuosly 
doe throughout the countrie." 

Under a law passed in 18S7 the 
control of the schools in Portsmouth 

at the present is vested in a board 
of instruction of twelve members, 
three of whom are appointed annually 
by the board of aldermen, and the 
mayor of the city is chairman ex ojjl- 

• / 

Irving H. Upton Principal of the High Scr.ool. 

do. The office has never been con- 
sidered political, appointments being 
made without regard to party strife. 
and generally excellent selections 
and long tenure of office, sometimes 






Farragut Scno-: 

to fifteen years, have been the result. 
The personnel of the present board is 
Charles P. Berry, chairman ex officio, 
Calvin Page, Alfred Gooding, Ira 
Seymour, Andrew Wendell, Richard 

Neilie F. Pierce, Principal of the Farrag'jt School. 

Walden, William 


Chauneey B. Hoyt, John Pender, 
Charles A. Sinclair, Albion M. Lit- 
tlefield, William II. Sise. and David 
Urch. Since 1886 a superintendent 

, High Street. 

of schools, who acts also as secretary 
of the board, lias been employed. 
Charles H. Morss held the office for 
six years, and was succeeded by the 
present incumbent, J. C. Simpson. 

The city devotes liberal sums to 
the maintenance of her schools. In 
1S93 there was expended by the 
board of instruction $31,983.11 to 
which must be added S3, 000, appro- 
priated for the incidental repair and 
preservation of buildings and furni- 
ture. This excludes all special appro- 
priations for new buildings, perma- 
nent repairs, and interest. When we 
consider that the average number 
belonging was 1,1 11 for the same 
year, it seems that the financial 
needs of the schools have met with 
a generous response. The citizens 
generally demand good schools, and. 
provided that merit can be shown, 
are willing to raise what money may 
be needed. 

The schools of Portsmouth are 
housed in a High School building, 
three large grammar schools, two 
detached primaries, and three sub- 
urbans. The present High School 
building was occupied in [853. In 
1892 extensive repairs were made, 



including the building of an addition 

containing two recitation rooms and 
a large laboratory for the physical 

sciences built in accord with the 
best approved designs of the times. 
The sanitary and plumbing arrange- 
ments were at the same time entirely 
changed, and are thoroughly modern. 
The building is heated by steam. 

The school at present has an enrol- 
ment of 196 pupils, and is in the 
charge of Principal Irving H. Upton, 
a graduate of Amherst in the class of 
[885. Five other teachers are regu- 
larly employed. The school offers 
three courses, Classical, Latin, and 
English, each of four years, and its 
graduates find ready entrance and 
maintain good standing in Harvard, 
Dartmouth, Amherst, Smith, Welles- 
ley, and the Massachusetts Institute 
of Technology. Especial attention 
is at present being devoted to the 
extension and improvement of the 
courses in the English language and 
literature, and it is the desire of 
those in charge to make this a fea- 
ture of the school. 

The Farragut grammar school was 
made ready for use in 1SS9. It 
stands on the site of the third school- 

house erected in the city in 1751, 
and is itself the third school build- 
ing that has occupied tin's situation. 
The building is of brick trimmed 
with granite, and fully meets all the 


Wendell P. Brown, Principal of the Whipple School. 

requirements of a modern school. 
The principal is Nellie F. Pierce, 
whose varied experience and execu- 
tive ability render the management 
highly successful. Two hundred and 

■-- ' : ' ~ 

r 1 r F • 

El :,; , 


• m » .« 


Whipple School, Stale Street 



fifty scholars appear on the records 
of this school. The lower four 
grades constitute the training-school 
at present under the charge of Flor- 
ence A. 11 am. assisted by nine pupil 
teachers. The course for the train- 
ing- class is one and one half years in 
length, and consists of actual practice 
in each grade under the criticism of 
the principal, together with instruc- 
tion in psychology, methods, and the 
history of education. The aim of 
the school is to combine the theoreti- 
cal and practical sides of teaching 
into a well developed whole. Its 

of the same pattern. Despite some 
criticism to the contrary, this system 
has given good results when under 
competent management. 

The school hears the name of Will- 
iam Whipple, one of the signers of 
the Declaration of Independence. In 
the principal's room hangs a fine por- 
trait of the old statesman presented 
by vStorer Po.^t, G. A. R. This organ 
i/.ation at the same time placed a 
companion portrait of the sturdy ad- 
miral in the school that bears his 

Principal Wendell P. Brown and 


Ha. en School, South S'.nool Street 

graduates are generally employed in 
the schools of the city or the sur- 
rounding towns, though P>rookline, 
New Bedford, or some other Massa- 
chusetts city occasionally tempts one 
away with the prospect of a larger 

The Whipple school is also of brick 
and granite, and was dedicated in 
iS' s 9. It stands in a commanding 
situation near the centre of the city, 
and lias a remarkably attractive inte- 
rior. Like the Farragut this build- 
ing is heated and ventilated by the 
Smead system, and the sanitaries are 

ten teachers have under their charge 
four hundred pupils. The school is 
crowded and the next move in the 
erection of buildings will be to pro- 
vide further accommodation for the 
pupils of this section. 

The first public " scool howse,'* as 
the records quaintly put it, seems to 
have been built in the year 170S upon 
the lot now occupied by the Haven 
school. Brewster notes, by the way, 
that the educational advantages pre- 
sented by these early school- houses 
seem to have been improved, for 
the records of succeeding years 



show marked improvement in spell- 
ing. The present Haven school has, 
during the past summer, been com- 
pletely remodelled at a cost of about 
$12,000. The heating and ventila- 
ting are of the Smead patent, and the 
rooms are cheery, well lighted, and 
healthful. John II. Bartlett is the 
principal. Here are found daily two 
hundred and fifty bright-eyed young- 
sters striving to climb th<^ slippery 
mount of knowledge. 

The discipline of the schools is 
kindly but firm. Parents generally 
recognize the reasonableness of the 
school demands and cheerfully lend 
their aid to the teachers. Corporal 
punishment has almost fallen into dis- 
use, but fifteen cases being recorded 
last year against six hundred and 
eighty-six nine years ago. In courses 
of study the purpose is a conserva- 
tive progress. Algebra and physical 
geography have been for four years a 
part of the programme in the gram- 
mar schools. Geometry in the last 
three years of the grammar school is 
now in the second year of its exist- 
ence. Simple experiments in physics 
and chemistry are made an integral 
part of the work of the last four years 
of elementary school life, while bot- 
any, zoology, and mineralogy, under 
the popular name of nature study, are 
subjects of investigation from the first 
year. It must not be inferred, how- 
ever, that these subjects, with the 
exception of algebra and physical 
geography, form separate entities of 
uork. They are, rather, so con- 
nected and interwoven with the tra- 
ditional subjects of the curriculum 
that under the influence of the inspi- 
ration they afford, better results in 
every way are obtained, and the grow- 
ln g mind is furnished food proper for 

its development rather than cloyed 
with the empty husks of the purely 
formal studies. 

Drawing, music, penmanship, and 
sewing are in the hands of special 
instructors. The schools are well 
unified throughout the fourteen years, 
and while, of course, many who start 
do not finish, there is no one point 
where more drop out than at another. 
Promotions are made in all cases to 
depend upon the judgment of the 
teacher rather than upon examina- 





Johi H. Bartlett. Principal 0' the Haven School. 

tion by outside authority, and while 
generally occurring at the end of the 
year, are made freely at any other 
time when the need of the child 
seems to demand. One kindergarten 
has already been established and oth- 
ers will follow as opportunity permits. 
Education has changed radically 
in plan and purpose in the last twenty 
years, and has hardly yet filled out 
the period of readjustment, but Ports- 
mouth propo^e^, I am sure, to face 
always to the front. 



Benjamin F. Prescott was born in Epping, February 26, 1S33, and died at his 
home in that town, February 20. He was educated at Blanchard academy, Pem- 
broke, Phillips Exeter academy, and Dartmouth college (A. B., 1856), and read 
law with Hon. Henry A. Bellows, and was admitted to the bar in 1S59, and 
opened an office in Concord. For five years from 1S61, he was editor of the 
Independent Democrat; for three years from 1865, special agent of the U. S. 
treasury department for New England; for four years from 1S72, secretary of 
state; was twice elected governor, in 1S77 and 1S7S; for six years from 1SS7, 
a member of the state board of railroad commissioners. Mr. Prescott was active 
in the Republican party from the day of its birth ; from 1S5S to 1S77, secretary 
of the state committee of the party; in 1-SS0 he was a delegate to the Republican 
national convention at Chicago, and in 1S84 was president of the state conven- 
tion. Governor Prescott was a most loyal son of Dartmouth college, and secured 
for its art gallery portraits of many distinguished graduates. He was elected a 
trustee in 1S77, and held the position at the time of his death. He had also 
been a trustee of the New Hampshire College of Agriculture and the Mechanic 
Arts since 1S74. He was a member of the New Hampshire Historical society, 
a fellow of the Royal Historical society of Great Britain, an honorary member of 
the Marshfield club of Boston, and president of the Bennington Battle Monument 
association. Governor Prescott married, in 1S69, Miss Mary L. Noyes of Con- 
cord, who survives him, with an only child, Benjamin F. Prescott, Jr., born in 

iS 79 . 


Robert R. Howison was born in Kingsey, P. Q., and died at Milford, February 3. 
aged 79 years. From 1843 to 1S68 he owned and operated the stage lines between 
Peterborough and Wilton, and for twenty years was in the express business 
between Boston and Wilton. Fie was president of the Souhegan National bank 
from 1876 to 1883, and since 1875 has carried on a large lumber and real estate 
business. He leaves a family. 


Rev. Henry A. Coit, D. D, LL. D., rector of St. Paul's School, died February 5. 
after an illness of two weeks. He was born on January 20, 1861, and was educa- 
ted at the University of Pennsylvania. He entered the ministry of the Protestant 
Episcopal church, and on the foundation of St. Paul's School in Concord by Dr. 
George Sh at tuck was chosen its first rector. An appreciative sketch of Rev. Dr. 
Coit will appear in a future number of this magazine. 



Almon J. Farrar was born in Gil man ton, and died in Laconia, February S, aged 

:, 1 years. He was a veteran of the Twelfth New Hampshire Volunteers and was 
severely wounded at High Bridge, Va., April 7, 1S65. He was quartermaster- 
general on Department Commander Thomas Cogswell's staff, and was commissary 
of the New Hampshire Veterans' association at the Weirs for sixteen years. 


Rev. Joshua E. Ambrose, said to be one of the oldest preachers in the "Baptist 
denomination, was born in Sutton in 1S10. and died in La Grange, Illinois, Febru- 
ary 10. He went to Chicago in 1S34, and was the last of the famous circuit 
riders who did so much to develop the Northwest. During his life he established 
between thirty-five and forty churches. 


E. Carlton Sprague was born in Bath, November 22, 1822, and died in Buffalo, 
February 14. He graduated from Harvard college in iS 4.3, and was one of the 
leading lawyers of Buffalo. He leaves a family. 


James H. Mathews was born in Swanzey in 1S40, and died in Medford, Mass., 
February 15. He served three years in the 9th N. FT Volunteers in the War of 
the Rebellion, and was successfully engaged in the hotel business in Marlow and 
Hinsdale, Brattleboro, Gardner, and Medford, Mass. 


Simeon Abbott was born in Concord. August 3, 1S07, and died, February 22, 
on the homestead where his entire life had been spent. Fie was an extensive 
farmer, and in early life was a successful teacher. Fie leaves a widow, to whom 
he was married in 1S37, and three sons and four daughters. 


Henry K. W. Tilton was born in Manchester, and died in that city, February 
22, aged 74 years. He was a California pioneer of 1S49. ^ e was one °^ the 
first card-grinders employed in a Manchester mill, and inserted into the machinery 
the first piece of cotton that ever went through the mills of that city. He served 
for a time as paymaster of the Langdon corporation, of Manchester. 


George Little was born in West Boscawen, August 2T,. 1825, and died in Web- 
ster, February 23. He was educated in the academies at Pembroke and Meriden, 
and was extensively engaged in farming for several years. For the last twenty 
years he had conducted a general store and transacted a large amount of probate 
business. Mr. Little was representative to the legislature in 1S64 and 1 S 6 5 , and 
wad served many years as a town officer. He is survived by a widow, two son^, 
Henry L., of Minneapolis, and Luther B., of New Vork city, and a daughter, 
M. Alice, unmarried. 



Andrew J. Meserve was born in Milton, January 3. 1815, and died in Roxbury, 
Mass., February 24. His father, Col. John Meserve, commanded a New Hamp- 
shire regiment in 181 2. The son studied chemistry, and was the first employe* 
of Dr. J. C. Aver, with whom he remained many years. In 1S65 Mr. Meserve 
engaged in the soap-stone business in Boston. He is survived by a son and 
three daughters. 


Walter II . Bean, a native of Warner, died at his home in that town. Febru- 
ary 26. aged 50 years. He was a veteran of the First New Hampshire Sharp- 
shooters, and was severely wounded in battle. For twenty years he was a postal 
clerk on the Concord & Claremont Railroad, and later was for several years pro- 
prietor of a hotel at Claremont. 


George W. Snell died at his home in Pittsfield on March 1, aged 89 years. He 
was a native of Barnstead, and had resided in Pittsfield for fifty years. At the age 
of 56 he enlisted in the Fifteenth New Hampshire Volunteers, and was a brave 
soldier in the Louisiana campaign and at Port Hudson. At the close of the war 
he settled on a farm in Pittsfield where he was a respected citizen. In his early 
life he was a brick-maker, and was one of the ring-leaders in the sacking and 
burning of the Charlestown nunnery. During the last years of his life he lived 
within about a mile of the chief of that mob, John R. Buzzell, who died last fall 
at the advanced age of ninety-four years. The other of the three principal movers 
in that outrage was Clement Snell. a brother of George, who also died in Pitts- 
field a few years ago. Buzzell was the only one of the trio who was brought to 
trial, but the Snell brothers thought it well to keep out of the eye of the public 
until Buzzell was acquitted. 


George W. Winchester was born in Westmoreland, February 25, 1S04, and died 
recently in Springfield, Mass., aged 91 years. He taught penmanship in New 
Haven and Philadelphia, and published several successful- works on penman- 
ship and book-keeping. From 1S4S until 1S92 he was auditor and head book- 
keeper at the United States armory at Springfield. 

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Tht GRWIt /WtfUy 0?ttW 









Hon. Stephen S. Jewett. 

The Granite Monthly. 

Vol. XVJ II. 

APRIL, 1S95. 

No. 4. 


By Clarence Johms&n. 

F the young men 
of New Hampshire 
who have made 
their marks within 
the last few years. 
no one has advanced to the front 
with such rapidity and certainty as 
Stephen S. Jewett of Laconia. His 
success has not been owing to any 
fortuitous circumstances, nor to any 
special advantages of birth, educa- 
tion, or wealth, but wholly to his 
merits as a man of superior ability, 
of great courage, and of unsurpassed 
fixity of purpose. He is one whom, 
in homely but expressive language, 
it is safe to tie to. When he has 
thoroughly considered a proposition, 
and has made up his mind, and 
announced his decision, he can be 
relied on to follow the course laid out 
to its final conclusion. Others may 
waver and stray from the path, but 
Mr. Jewett never. And he is as 
«xed in his friendships as in his pur- 
poses. He is to be relied on by his 
Wends at all times and under all cir- 
cumstances. There is never any hes- 
itation on his pail when friendship 
calls. He responds at once, and ef- 

fectively. In his composition is to 
be found in large proportions the stuff 
of wMch heroes are made, and on 
several occasions he has uncon- 
sciously demonstrated this statement. 
Mr. Jewett has not got ahead by self 
aggrandizement . but has quietly and 
unostentatiously done his duty on 
all occasions, leaving it to others to 
discover his superior qualities, and to 
call for him when they were needed 
in action. This modesty of deport- 
ment has been as marked in his pro- 
fessional as in his political career, 
but ft has not prevented him from 
being found out, and he has never 
disappointed those who have acted 
on their judgment of his qualifica- 
tions for conducting great affairs, 
and tor acceptably assuming grave 
responsibilities. In addition to the 
characteristics that make him a suc- 
cessful lawyer and politician Mr. 
Jewett is a lovable companion and a 
court c-ous gentleman. He possesses 
extraordinary tact in attaching peo- 
ple to himself, and ever has a kindly 
word for the absent and for those in 
trouble. He is especially charitable 
in his judgment of the mistakes of 



others, and is more ready to excuse 
than to accuse. It is seldom that a 
man is found who possesses at the 
same time, and in so large a degree, 
firmness of character and the ele- 
ments of popularity. That Mr. Jew- 
ett does possess the latter, no one 
who has talked with his fellow mem- 
bers of the legislature will doubt. 
He guides the proceedings with a 
firm vet kindly hand, and has 

lived in Hollis, but went from there 

to Laoonia with his brother, they 
being practically the first settlers <>( 
that town. Mr. Jewett's grandfather, 
Smith Jewett, was oik- of Laconia's 

most respected citizens, and hi- 
father is equally esteemed in thai 
city, wrihere he has resided almost all 
his life. 

TI'bc subject of this sketch was 
born, in that portion of Gilford which 

i " " < - 




......... _■ — - 

Represcua: ves H all. 

thereby gained the respect as well as 
the friendship of every member, and 
in every locality throughout the state 
he can count his friends by scores. 

Stephen Shannon Jewett is the son 
of John G. and Carrie E. (Shannon) 
Jewett, and comes of English stock, 
his great-grandfather, Samuel Jewett. 
haying been a soldier in the Revolu- 
tionary War, and a partieipant in the 
Battle of Bunker Hill. He formerly 

now forms a part of Laconia, on Sep- 
tember iS, 1858. He was educated 
in t;he public schools of the town, 
and by his father, who was an old 
school teacher, and fully competent 
for the task. At the early age ol 
seventeen he began the study of law 
with Hon. Charles F. Stone, and was 
admitted to the bar in March, 1880, 
a four years! course. He was 
ful'.y prepared for examination the 



year previous, but as he was then Wilcomb, in which Mr. Jewett ap- 

only twenty years of age he was peared for the plaintiff. He was for 

obliged under the law to wait one a short time in 1SS4 clerk of the 

year more. Immediately upon his supreme court for Belknap county, 

admission he began the practice of but he accepted the position only as 

the law at Laconia. conducting his an accommodation, to suit the con- 

business alone until 1889, when he venience of the court. He drafted 

associated with him William A. and secured the passage of Laconia 's 

Plunnner, which partnership con- city charter, and was selected as its 

- *\ : 



Speaker Jewett. 

tuuies to the present time. During 
the fifteen years of his active prac- 
''•< e, there has hardly been an im- 
portant case on the Belknap county 
docket in which his name has not 
a Ppcared, either for plaintiff or 
defendant. His most noted case 
• recent years was the celebrated 
trim. con. suit of Wilcomb against 

first city solicitor, which position he 
has ever since held. 

Mr. Jewett became actively inter- 
ested in politics as a Republican in 
1S76, when a mere boy, and soon 
became a leader. In [880 he took 
• charge of the town committee, and 
conducted its affairs until 1890, when 
he was elected secretary of the state 



committee, he having been a member 
of that body since 1884, and of the 
executive committee since 18S6. 
His first experience as secretarv was 
the famous Tuttle campaign — the 
hardest fought political battle ever 
known in New Hampshire. In that 
campaign Mr. Jewett's service to the 
party did not stop with the close of 
the polls on election day, but con- 
tinued until the governor was seated 
in the executive chair. As clerk of 
the house of representatives, who 
had the making up of the roll, he 
appeared before the full bench of the 
supreme court in the famous attempt 
of the Democrats to make him dis- 
close his intentions as to whether or 
not he intended to place on the roll 
the names of certain representatives 
who had been declared elected in 
town meeting. The great battle 
over the " If Entitled " will not soon 
be forgotten in this state, nor will 
Mr. Jewett's services to the Repub- 
lican party in that critical juncture. 
As in all the crises of his life, he 
rose to the occasion, and suddenly 
the people of all parties recognized 
in him a coming man. At the open- 
ing of the next campaign, that of 
1892, Mr. Jewett was chosen chair- 
man of the state committee, and 
the triumphant election of Governor 
John B. Smith proved the wisdom of 
the choice. In 1894 he was again 
put at the head of the great organi- 
zation, and with the experience of 
two years before to guide him he 
secured the election of the candidate. 
Governor Charles A. Busiel, by the 
unheard of majority of 10,000 votes. 
At this election he was himself 
elected to represent his ward in the 
legislature, and his name was at once 
put forward by his friends as a can- 

didate for speaker. With the tre- 
mendous prestige which he had 
attained as leader in the great Re- 
publican victory in November, no 
candidate could stand up before him, 
and he was nominated for speaker in 
the Republican caucus, by a vote of 
two to one over his only competitor. 
He was elected as a matter of course, 
and has made as good a speaker as 
ever presided in our legislative halls. 
This is largely due to his previous 
service as assistant clerk and clerk, 
he having held each position during 
two sessions. He was also engross- 
ing clerk for one session, that of 
1 8 S3. In 1 89 1 he was a colonel on 
the staff of Governor Goodell, but it 
is difficult to tell whether this posi- 
tion should be classified as a politi- 
cal a military, or a social triumph. 
Whichever it may be considered, it 
cannot be gainsaid that he wore his 
1 1 embellishments ' ' with character- 
istic modesty throughout his term of 

Mr. Jewett has found time from 
the engrossing cares of his legal and 
political career to take an interest in 
various enterprises and pursuits out- 
side of his legitimate business. At 
one time he devoted much attention 
to the New Hampshire National 
Guard, and for several years was a 
member of Company K, Third regi- 
ment, of Laconia. He has taken all 
of the Masonic degrees up to the 
32c!, and has been master of Mount 
Lebanon lodge, high priest of Union 
chapter, master of Pythagorean chap- 
ter, and commander of Pilgrim com- 
mandery, all of Laconia, and is now 
an officer of the grand council of New 

His business connections outside 
of his law partnership include direc- 


20 1 

torships in the Laconia Building and 
Loan association, the Laeonia Na- 
tional bank, the Laeonia Land and 
Improvement company, the Standard 
Electric Time company, the Weirs 
Hotel and Land company, and the 
Laconia Masonic Temple association. 
He is also a member of the various 
bar associations, and of the Republi- 
can National League. 

In the domestic circle Mr. Jewett 
is the same courteous, kindly man 
that he is known to be in his busi- 
ness and political life. He was mar- 
ried on June 30, 1880, just as he 
started in the practice of the law, 
and before even a small income 
was by an}' means assured, to 
Annie L. Bray, of Bradford, Eng- 
land, and he proudly says that 
such success as he has attained 

is due much more to her than it is to 
himself. They have one child, a 
son, Theo S., of whom they are 
both fond and proud. They have 
a beautiful home at Laconia, where 
they entertain their friends with 
generous hospitality. 

No safer prediction can be made 
than that Mr. Jewett has only begun 
his career. The future, if his life is 
spared, contains great possibilities 
for him, and his past record is a suf- 
ficient assurance that he will miss no 
opportunities, that he will meet even- 
emergency with ability and courage, 
and that he will rise superior to even- 
crisis. His party recognizes him as 
a capable leader and representative. 
The state of New Hampshire looks 
upon him as one who will be added 
to her long: list of illustrious sons. 


By Milo Benedict. 


Having been asked to contribute 
something in the form of literature 
by way of variety for our musical 
programme to-day, and realizing 
somewhat the interest which centres 
here in this essay-loving club, upon 
all objects of intellectual pursuit, I 
have thought the reading of a little 
essay in connection with the few 
brief notes I have written for the 
musical numbers might be heard 
with appreciation. 

It is impossible in so short a space 
to amplify the few thoughts I have 
brought forward. The subject has 
appeared to me with many ramifiea- 

1 Read at a meeting of the's 

tions, but I have not had the courage 
to attempt anything like an orderly 
or methodical presentation of it. I 
have simply set down at random the 
gist of the reflections which have 
grown out of my daily experience. 
And lest it be thought by some that 
I have intended to exert an influence 
tending to hinder rather than ad- 
vance the art of music, I must say 
that my concern is not so much with 
the art, which will take care of itself, 
as with the artist, who is so often 
going wrong. I am confident it will 
be seen by those who see the ulti- 
mate end of my reasoning that I 
mean enlargement of the art, to be 

club, Concord, N. II., March 26, iS<h- 



attained, however, by helping the art- 
ist, if possible, to a livelier sense of 
the richness and significance of life, 
to make him less anxious for praise, 
to set up for his emulation masters 
like Bach of the eighteenth century, 
or like Brahms of the present day, 
or. to mention a name on this side of 
the water, John K. Paine. 

It is hard to explain why so little 
has been written on music, from the 
basis of a broad criticism such as is 
applied to literature, painting, and 
sculpture. It is certain that much 
that has been written on the art 
has come from no deeper reflec- 
tion than that which is expressed 
and satisfied in a burst of ecstasy 
or adulation. So far as my observa- 
tion goes, music has had less earnest 
criticism than any of the fine arts. 
Its influence on life, thought, and 
character, seems to have been largely 
ignored by critics, and musicians 
seem naturally disinclined to think 
about their art as the literary man or 
the painter thinks about his. 

The musical critics on our news- 
papers too often lose themselves in 
their individual likes and dislikes, in 
their forced perceptions of what is 
good or what faulty in musical per- 
formances ; and from what we read 
in the columns of gossip over the 
movements and doings, the failures 
and successes of professionals and 
amateurs, it would be easy to imag- 
ine that there is no higher incentive 
to the study of music than the enco- 
miums of praise, and the titles to 
distinction it throws in our way. 

Further, we may remark that books 
about music written under the light 
of science, or in the form of criticism, 
are not destined to much popularity 
for reasons obvious enough ; and lit- 

erary workers are not greatly at- 
tracted to the art, because it offers bo 
little ground for them to walk upon, 
being so remote from the world of 
realities. Indeed, we may say that 
the art of music furnishes directly no 
material for the literary man, pure 
and simple. Simply the analysis of 
musical compositions, or the telling 
of what is good or bad in the per- 
formance of an orchestra or a singer, 
or instrumentalist, cannot be litera- 
ture, in a high sense, any more than 
a report of the rulings of the House 
of Lords, or a treatise on methods of 
book-keeping, can be literature. 

Music, it may be said, occupies a 
world of its own, and needs no ancil- 
lary art to explain or diagnose 
its effects ; nor can its effects 
be strengthened by literature. It 
speaks its own beautiful language, 
and if one can feel no thrill of pleas- 
ure in listening to music, no amount 
of analysis will aid one's sensibility. 
A purely intellectual understanding 
of the art is of little account if one 
does not respond to its magic charm 
and moving power. 

I must admit that a good deal of 
the writing I have seen on musical 
criticism, biography, and history, I 
have found not only unentertaining. 
but to a great extent unprofitable. In 
this class of literature there is a sin- 
gularly prevailing love of the artifi- 
cial. The authors are persons who 
have sought art solely in a spirit of 
selfish, sensuous pleasure, and their 
work conveys the impression that 
their subjects were not real men and 
women, full grown and self-pos- 
sessed, but rather the fabulous deni- 
zens of an enervated planet, abound- 
ing in cultivated gardens, with walks 
and bowers, and artificial lakes, 



shabby theatres and card-board pal- 
aces, where art flourishes solely for 
its own sake, and where the inhabi- 
tants, all possessed of tender feelings, 
pass their life — if life it can be called 
— in constant seeking of pleasure 
and cloying delights, and obtain re- 
lief from their little tragedies in 
soothing airs, and finally expire after 
a series of hectic dreams. 

Then there is another sort, freer 
from strained sentiments and the 
faint air of perfumed words, yet 
hardly more to be desired, for they 
sin against the laws of proportion by 
attaching false value to certain pow- 
ers, by holding distorted concep- 
tions of greatness, by having lost 
the scale for weighing excellencies. 
"There are all degrees of power," 
remarks Emerson, " and the least are 
interesting, but they must not be 

Happily within the past few years 
there have sprung up writers with 
larger ideas, broader and more cath- 
olic tastes, with sharp and penetrat- 
ing intellects, who, with all the 
high mindedness needed, have 
pitched their tents in the very 
halls of music, and from their pens 
we have entertaining and deeply 
pondered essays, that are instructive 
and sensible, that lead us to recog- 
nize that all the fine arts are united 
in spirit, and have but one aim, to 
enrich and beautify life. Among 
such writers we may mention Mr. 
Henry T. Finck, whose critical 
work on Wagner and his art has 
received wide recognition for its jus- 
tice and critical acumen ; Mr. Will- 
iam F. Apthorp'^ now renowned as a 
critic and historiographer; and Mr. 
George T. Ferris, whose delightful 
series of musical essays on noted 

composers, singers, pianists, etc., 
arranged in several volumes., are a 
rich addition to the musical literature 
of the day. There are others I 
might mention, like Professor Paine 
himself, who are distinguished both 
as critics and masters, but it is 
hardly necessary to refer to men so 
widely known. 

I aam sure the best thoughts I have 
read -on music have come not from 
the imusical critics, but have ap- 
peared unexpectedly in the pages of 
writeirs whose themes have been as 
diverge as the aims of human life are 
variants. Such eminent critics and 
writers as the German Lessing. Mat- 
thew Arnold, Ruskin, P. G Ham- 
mertron, John Addington Symonds, 
and the late Walter Pater, have 
thrown out such needed light over 
the r.cealm of art that no reader can 
fail cof getting legions of ideas from 
them: respecting art in general, and 
with, these he finds himself in some 
degree prepared to meet the prob- 
lems he is not unfrequently pro- 
pounding to himself. Having judg- 
ments unmixed with prejudice, and 
havimg above all, the power to ad- 
mire rightly, such men do not set 
up o<ne power as all-sufficient, but 
regard all powers in their true rela- 
tion t:o each other. 

I aim entirely conscious that music 
seem:s to many, as it seems indeed to 
myserlf, never to have been ade- 
quately praised. There are moments 
when:, we feel that it is above lan- 
guage. But it is because it has for 
us suich power of enchantment that 
we shiould be sparing of it. Walter 
Savage Landor said, " Music is both 
sunshine and irrigation to the mind ; 
but when it occupies and covers it too 
long it debilitates and corrupts it." 



In this deliberate utterance there is a 
singular truth which I would like to 
emphasize, and which I mean to 
make the kernel of my essay. 

Music has no alloy. It is a con- 
centrated sweet like honey, and like 
any concentrated sweet it is most rel- 
ished in small or moderate quanti- 
ties, and on auspicious occasions. 
To literally swim in it, as many do, 
is to vulgarize it and destroy it. 
One could not live on a ration of 
crystalized violet blossoms. There 
is a need of solids. The finer the 
organization, the more delicate and 
perfect its adjustment, the quicker 
will it feel the absence of any needed 
element in its food, or the supera- 
bundance of any element not re- 
quired. It is not otherwise with the 
mind. The moment we sever our 
connections with natural forces we 
upset our harmony of parts. In 
general reckoning this elementary 
truth is left out. We expect to do 
great things by shooting the total 
sum of our energy into one narrow 
direction, and defeat follows because 
we allow our special power to rest on 
a narrow foundation. 

A tree cannot have a great limb 
without having a great trunk, and it 
cannot have a great trunk without 
great roots. Its breadth and strength 
argue its strong hold upon the hid- 
den sources of life. In the lan- 
guage of Herbert Spencer, " What- 
ever amount of power an organism 
expends in any shape is the correlate 
and equivalent of the power that was 
taken into it from without." We 
prefer to drive our roots into the 
air rather than into the ground. We 
would seek acquaintance only with 
things superfine. We would like to 
be brilliant and distinguished as dia- 

monds. But real diamonds did not 
come into existence in a moment. 
It is the paste diamond that is cre- 
ated without honest toil, and it must 
be admitted that there is a great 
demand for the counterfeiting of 
whatever is genuine. 

Throngs of young people today are 
striving to become specialists or ex- 
perts in some particular field. Their 
incentive is chiefly in the hope of 
becoming distinguished for doing 
some one little thing, if it is no more 
than painting on the face of a clam 
shell, with defter skill than has here- 
tofore been done in that particu- 
lar direction, and when they have 
reached their goal we find they have 
merely sent up one little shoot over 
the heads of their fellows, while they 
as persons are below the average in 
that development of fine personal 
qualities which makes people useful 
and substantial. 


Music, let us say, is beauty 
of imagination made presentable. 
Through it we express in a degree 
our feelings — in a degree, because 
not by the combined power of all the 
arts can we express all our feelings. 
If a person could be born with such 
angelic comprehensiveness of mind 
as to possess an equal love and 
understanding of all the arts, he 
would be found saying : Give me 
your best expression, your highest 
feeling, and the wealth of your imag- 
ination, and you may use for your 
medium of expression any art in 
which you can say what is in you 
naturally and spontaneously. And 
if the artist by some limitation had 
not a bias for one mode of expres- 
sion above another, he would never 



think about his means, but would 
turn to his paints, or his chisel, or 
his pen, or his musical instrument, 
with equal facility and success. 

Whitman has put the case for us 
beautifully in simple language. He 
says: "All music is what awakens 
from you when you are reminded by 
the instruments." What we enjoy 
is, in a sense, not the music but our 
own awakened sense of beaut}* and 
power. Some other agent than 
sound might stir the same feelings, 
reach the same inward springs of 
beauty and harmony. The power is 
within us and needs only to be called 
out. A poem or a sunset might 
serve as well, or a picture, or a 
friendly meeting. 

The musician, without any ques- 
tion, suffers a limitation of feeling 
and sensibility from the preponder- 
ance he gives music as a vehicle of 
expression. He makes the world of 
music his environment, and conse- 
quently since a man must grow as he 
receives, he cannot transplant him- 
self from one kind of soil and climate 
to another, figuratively speaking, 
without modifying his nature. By 
confining himself continually to the 
language of music the musician 
grows to understand only that lan- 
guage. And by the language of 
music I mean that which is built 
upon the seven tones of the scale, 
including the intermediate half- 
tones ; for the music of nature, 
which falls not within a prescribed 
limit, but is adapted to a scale of 
interminable heights and depth, and 
of infinite graduations, may not have 
for the musician, as it has for the 
poet, a charm and significance, but 
transpose if you can this music into 
the category of tones and half-tones, 

and it immediately becomes to him 
intelligible and significant. 

To be enlarged we must go first to 
nature, not to art. For we are not 
in the primal sense creators, but 
creatures, and clearly we do not 
grow by feeding upon our own'crea- 
tions. When we allow a sudden 
draft of enthusiasm to close the door 
between the world into which our 
one or two special talents have led 
us and the real and great world out- 
side, we are likely to forget to return, 
and so lose our connections with the 
great centre of things. It is easy to 
make that common and fatal mistake 
of putting art first and life second. 
Let the artist but recognize that the 
arts exist for life, and not life for the 
arts, and there will be health and 
power in all his work, whether it be 
painting, poetry, or music. 

In a recent conversation it was 
argued that music is the divinest of 
the arts, because it can express noth- 
ing bad, nor morally good, unless 
the beautiful can be called the good. 
At first thought this appears true, 
but at second thought untrue. If 
music is incapable of affecting peo- 
ple in ways both good and bad, then 
we may consider the art as one lim- 
ited in range and power, and corre- 
spondingly inferior to both literature 
and tainting, which exert incalcula- 
ble 'iirluence upon the moral con- 
sciousness of men, and so not only 
sen re beauty, but have a wide appli- 
cation to life itself. 

Mr. Hall Caine, in some recent 
lectures delivered in Edinburgh, de- 
clares in reference to literature, that 
although the novelist may shut out 
all moral consideration in his work, 
he cannot help communicating, how- 
ever Indirectly, the quality and char- 



acter of his moral nature. And we 
may carry the idea further, and say 
a man cannot hide himself in any of 
the fine arts. We read in music 
something of the character of the 
composers, though perhaps with less 
distinctness than we read the charac- 
ters of writers in their books, or of 
artists in their paintings. Some peo- 
ple think that art is not moral, but 
Mr. Ruskin assures us that little else 
is moral. Those who arc susceptible 
to the influence of music must feel 
that certain kinds of music, irrespec- 
tive of their associations, cheapen 
and degrade the mind, while other 
kinds elevate and enlarge it. We 
get into very much the same frame 
of mind listening to the music of 
worthless composers that we get in- 
to reading the works of worthless 

So it can hardly be said that music 
can say nothing bad, if in its lower 
forms it does indeed cheapen and 
degrade the mind. Colors, also, in 
themselves can say nothing bad, yet 
the painter may put them on canvas 
in such a way as to make them say 
things that are very bad. Colors or 
sounds become good or bad as they 
pass through the imagination of the 
artist who has used them as vehicles 
of expression. 


The other day a musical friend in 
Boston, with an appreciable stroke 
of humor, sent me a neatly written 
page copied from some book or paper, 
which read as follows : " The painter 
may produce from his imagination 
scenes far more lovely in ever}' detail 
than he has ever seen, but yet they 
must exist in some counterpart in 
nature. We can behold the artist 

only in the nearness of approach to 
the perfection of nature. Of himself 
he can show nothing but his name." 
Then the passage closes with these 
words : " Not so with the great musi- 
cian ; he can imagine and evoke 
strains no ear has ever heard, and 
impart: to them not alone true value 
and meaning, as musical variations, 
but a&so his own conception of ex- 
pression, and vary their sentiment 
until they express with the music 
they cembody the player's very- own 
personality. It is because of this 
that rriie art of music is grander, and 
nobler, and higher than all the other 
arts.' '* 

I quote this illogical passage be- 
causte it expresses a fallacy now 
spreading, and offers opportunity for 
a word or two. It isn't necessary to 
expatriate upon the absurdity of the 
idea,, that in his interpretation of 
nature and choice of subject the 
painter reveals no more of himself 
tham his name on the canvas ; but 
the idea which now appears to be 
rife among certain writers on musical 
topics, viz.: that the composer or 
player gives us in his work his very 
own personality, is one really to pro- 
voke mirth, if it did not make us 
sober by affecting some people so 
serio.usly. Some German philoso- 
pher ( Schopenhauer, I believe) has 
said that music is the perfect expres- 
sion of the will ; and that I imagine 
is tine seat of the whole trouble, the 
idea, having spread and developed 
into various forms. Of course in 
musr.c there are no obstructions ; you 
may invent any form you choose, 
whatever suits your mood. But just 
how much of your personality is 
really expressed in your invention 
is something we cannot accurately 


measure. It is evident that only a 
small part of it is expressed. For 
personality is above all polygonal 
and composed of many parts, and 
cannot be revealed or represented in 
forms of melody with more complete- 
ness than the history of the War of 
the Rebellion can be transcribed in 
ingenious arrangements of the pris- 
matic colors. 

Music tells that the composer has 
an artistic imagination, a sense of 
beauty, has sentiments and moods 
which he seeks to express, has 
sense of order and proportion, time, 
rhythm, and tune ; pleasant fancies, 
and weak or strong passions. But 
these reports of his character are at 
most meagre. We do not know how 
he looked, or walked, or ate ; what 
he liked or disliked, what he 
thought, what ideas he cherished, 
what books he read, what he be- 
lieved, or how he would behave 
under various circumstances. We 
do not know the color of his skin or 
the quality of his voice, or the size 
of his hands ; nor do we know the 
strength of his friendship, the weight 
of his honor, the depth of his hate 
or love, or the character of his ambi- 
tion. So we must admit that though 
music tells us something about him, 
it tells but little, and that little some- 
what indefinitely. The painter deal- 
ing direct with life and nature por- 
trays much more of himself in his 
work, and the man of letters still 
more than all. 

In the last sentence of the passage 
quoted we find the word " nobler " 
used, as it is often used, indiscrimi- 
nately. No one who thinks can 
make the word noble compatible 
with the mere love of the beautiful. 
It is never dissociated from moral 

greatness of some kind. Pure, aes- 
thetic enjoyment may be thrilling 
and captivating, or anything else, 
but not essentially noble. 

Mr. Ho wells has recently written 
some thoughtful and timely words on 
this r>oint, which have for us a spe- 
cial value, coming from one who has 
devoted himself so closely and faith- 
fully t>o the study of life and of art. 
He says: "I may as well confess 
that I do not regard the artistic 
ecstasy as in any sort noble. It is 
not noble to love the beautiful, or to 
live for it, or by it ; and it may even 
not be refining. ... If you can- 
not look beyond the end you aim at, 
and seek the good which is not 
your own, all your sacrifice is to 
yourself, and not of yourself, and 
you might as well be going into 
business. . . . Hereafter, the 
creation of beauty, as we call it, for 
beauty's sake, may be considered 
something monstrous There is for- 
ever a poignant meaning in life 
beyond what mere living involves, 
and why should there not be this 
reference in art to the ends beyond 

In conclusion, however far we may 
cultiviate art or lose ourselves in the 
depths and seeming realities of our 
own ereations, it is best if we can 
always remember that there exist 
nobler ends above and beyond art, 
and as much as possible keep within 
us a s?pirit and attitude of mind such 
as I lhave found in a valued friend 
who seems to say to all persons, who- 
ever they are : Show me that you 
cherish love and light, and live for 
truth, and I shall not often ask to 
see what things your hands have 
wrought, or what feats your intellect 
has performed. 

t* • 


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Mam Street of Peterborough, I860, looking East. 



By Edward French, M. D. 


settled in 1739, or at 
LaWL jmJ least the first settler 
J^s*f '?£ moved into the town- 
*^-^?^^ ship with the determi- 
nation of carving a home out of the 
great forest at that time. 

It is probable that these pioneers 
made clearings by cutting down 
trees, and girdled others, so that 
later, when dead, they could be 
burned, and thus lessen the labor of 
chopping vers' much. They resided 
in temporary camps, and when the 
winter set in returned through the 
blazed trails to the towns in Massa- 

chusetts from which they had set out 
in the previous spring. 

There was much danger from 
prowling bands of Indians, for 
Peterborough was a frontier town 
for many years. As late as 1746 a 
line drawn from Rochester and Bar- 
rington to Boscawen and Concord, 
continuing west and south through 
Hopkinton, Hillsborough, Peterbor- 
ough. Keene, Swanzey, Winchester, 
Hinsdale, and the Connecticut river, 
was the extreme northern frontier. 
The whole country north, up to Can- 
ada, with the exception of clearings 
in Charlestown and Westmoreland, 





Peterborough h»gn bchool 

was a dense forest, impenetrable, ex- 
cept in the beds of the small streams. 
While all the sister towns of Peter- 
borough suffered from the Indians, 
Peterborough always escaped. The 
only incident in history is a rather 
amusing one, and if the noble red 
man of New England had not been 
devoid of humor it might have been 
regarded as a practical joke. Capt. 
Thomas Morrison and a Mr. Russell 
came through a spotted path from 
Townsend, Mass., to make a settle- 
ment m the township where the vil- 

lage of South Peterborough now is. 
They built a cosy camp on the south 
side of a giant boulder, near a sweet 
spring, and prepared to clear up the 
land. They spent but one night, 
for in the morning, when they arose, 
they came upon two Indians, a 
squaw and child, fishing in the 
Contoocook — then full of big trout. 
Wishing to be friendly with them 
they invited them to breakfast, and 
the Indians accepted. When they re- 
turned to their camp at noon, after a 
hard morning's work, which would 

! I 



: i 3 I i • * \ 


- » 

Woollen Manufactory of Joseph Noone's Sons' Company. 

provoke a tremendous appetite, and 
expecting to find the pork which 
they had left boiling in the morn- 
ing, they found the pot empty and 
every article of food gone. The 
Indians had stolen even,- particle of 
their scanty provisions, taking the 
pork from the pot, and even the pot 
with it. The valiant captain and his 
sturdy henchman had to go back 
through the woods to Townsend, 
between twenty and thirty miles, be- 
fore they could satisfy their hunger. 

In later years the dreadful alarm 
that "the Indians are coming!" 
reached the young settlement one 
summer afternoon, and the men seiz- 
ing their guns and tools, and their 
sturdy wives the children, they be- 
gan a midnight retreat through the 
woods and over this same rough path 
back to Townsend. Nothing came 
of it, however, and they straggled 
back during the following weeks. 

"The town was uncommonly fort- 
unate in the character of its earlv 

Tuclc«r'a I** 







r* ■ • •■■-■' 


idyii? iii iiiiJ ituiiiilkiLii llMisMI^Mi\^jyj£ya 

The Contoocook in the Village. 

settlers. They were not a mixture 
of all nationalities, and languages, 
and habits, as in our new settlements 
of the present time, but were of that 
sturdy, remarkable race of Scotch- 
Irish, who themselves emigrated from 
Ireland, or were the immediate de- 
scendants of the same. They were 
not of the lower order of European 
population, but were of the middle 

class, men considerably educated, so 
that the\- were well qualified to 
understand the tyrannical and exact- 
ing course pursued by their govern- 
ment toward them, and to fully 
appreciate their civil and religious 
rights. They were not only heavily 
taxed, but they were often involved 
in difficulties from their determina- 
tion never to conform to the Book of 

■ a i * 

3 3 3 H 3.1 iini 

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a 1 1 M,hii n 


> "fo.-aw.afc^i*-- ■ 

1 rr provennert Company's Factory 




v rr m 


• lillfjiu i ;y; IMll IIJ ri 

Town L'Orary. 

Common Prayer. They were rigid 
Presbyterians, and felt that they 
could not endure the exactions of 
Protestant England in regard to the 
Episcopal church. Besides, they 
could only hold land on leases, and 
were subject to such extortions as 
their landlords pleased. Over five 
millions of the people of the United 
States have this blood in their veins, 
and there is not one of them, man or 

woman, that is not proud of it, or 
would exchange it for other lineage. 
This race has already furnished six 
presidents to the country, seven gov- 
ernors to Pennsylvania alone, and 
filled equally important offices in 
other states." 

"The first public voice for dissolv- 
ing all connection with Great Britain 
came from a Scotch- Irish Presbyte- 
rian. A large number were signers 


. . 

•* H* ' ' 

1 v %» ^^ss* 


- - . 


Rear of " Old Bell Mill. 



of the Declaration 
of Independence, 
and throughout 
the Revolution 
were devoted to 
the cause of the 
country. The 
cause might have 
failed but for this 
timely help. Such 
a thing as a Scotch- 
Irish Tory was un- 
heard of ; the race 
never produced 

With such blood 
in its settlers it is 
no wonder that it 
proudly boasts of a 
long line of illus- 
trious sons, and 
points with gratifi- 
cation to its prior- 
it)' in two emi- 
nently important 
enterprises. It bui 



f ■'■■ '/ tl'** 

i * : 




1 > : x 


1 »: 

. - 

Soldiers' Monument, Putnam Park. 

It the first mill to rv and brilliant 

weave cotton with 
machinery in this 
state, and it estab- 
lished the first free 

public library in 
the English speak- 
ing world. 

The town did 
not receive its 
present name until 
some years after 
its incorporation. 
Admiration for the 
heroic deeds of 
Charles Mordaunt. 
Earl of Peterbor- 
ough, led them to 
adopt his name for 
the new town. This 
eccentric noble- 
man, born in 1658, 
and dying in 1735, 
was, according to 
Macaulay, " the 
most extraordina- 
man of his time." 


• • ■-, T 


Capt. E. H. Smith. 

Ger. 0. M, Wh t*. 



They were a determined race, 
and on moral and religious ques- 
tions were unswerving in the cause 
they thought right. This tenacity 
was shown in one of the ancestors of 
these Peterborough settlers at the 
siege of Londonderry, Ireland. He 
had been shut up in the town, and 
reduced almost to the point of starv- 
ation, but determined never to sur- 
render. He bought for three shil- 
lings and sixpence a cat's head, 


J>c% % 1 

T, A 


C01. Charles Scott. 

which was made into a soup for his 
wife and children, while he denied 
himself even this, and fought on. 
nourished only with potatoes. 

It was of such stern stuff that the 
"forefathers of the hamlet" were 
made. And in later years many a 
Peterborough boy has struggled on. 
full of determination as great as that 
of his heroic ancestor, to get an edu- 
cation at Harvard or Dartmouth. 
The early establishment of a library, 
accessible to all the residents of the 

Charles H. Brooks. 

town, must have incited this ambi- 
tion for an education. The Mor- 
risons, the Smiths, and Scotts, fam- 
ilies notable for the number of edu- 
cated men they have sent out from 
this nursery, to do the work of 

<* . 


E. W. Mcintosn. 




the world, had the best quali- 
ties of this blood. The town has 
given three governors to this state, 
seven members of congress 
justices of supreme 
courts, many college 
professors, and a 
host of teachers, 
lawyers, doctors, 
and ministers. A 
good village paper 
is a moral and in- 
tellectual force 
whose influence 
must not be over- 
looked. The Peter- 
borough Tra n script, 
established in 1848, 
has met this re- 
quirement, and is, 
and has been, de- 
voted to the inter- 
ests of the town. 

Thirty-two men enlisted for the 
French and Indian wars, fourteen of 
whom were lost. Seven men, while 
members of Rogers's Rangers, were 


Eila C. Abbott, Princ pa' ai High S 

killed in one ambuscade, near Lake 

George. This large loss must have 

been a serious one to such a small 

settlement as Peterborough was at 

this time, for there 

. ,-,., were probably not 

sixty families in the 


When the war 
cloud of the Revo- 
lution burst it found 
them ready. When 
the " Association 
Test," or " Virtual 
Declaration of In- 
dependence " was 
sent around to the 
various towns no 
town was found 
more patriotic than 
this town. Even- 
able-bodied man 
in town signed it, 
and a Tory was never known. Dur- 
ing this war, beginning with sev- 
enty-six men who enlisted for Cam- 
bridge and Lexington, the town fur- 


- * -.7- -'S-' : " : :r 

Ha:f-way Hoi-se, M iier Par* or Pack Vor.jdrott 





' . 


'""• ^'TSL 

3 - 


: ~";-~ "- v ^-- . : tt£| 

E&&3 ^'J.^r-fi^c.s^ELi^ ■- . \. : Jt^Jk\; . 

Summer Residence of Crta- ! es F. Pierce. 

nished one hundred and forty-five 

men to the Continental army. There 
were twenty-three men in the Battle 
of Bunker Hill alone, some of whom 
never again saw the vallev between 



...... .♦. 

James F. Brennan. 

the mountains which contained their 
dear homes. 

Nor was the patriotism confined to 
the men alone. While Robert Wil- 
son, a major in General Stark's com- 

mand, was fighting at Bennington, 
his son, too small for the army, was, 
with others, driving cattle from Peter- 
borough through the woods, for the 
subsistence of the army. This Wil- 
son family was very notable in 
the affairs of the town and fig- 
ures prominently in its early his- 
tory. A good story is told of 
the late General James Wilson of 
Keene. His father was suspended 

Frank G. Clarke. 



Clover Ridge Farm. 

from college and came home, much 
to his father's surprise. He was 
greeted with, "Well, my son, what 
have you come home for ? ' ' 

The young man said, "I got be- 
fore my class, and the president let 
me come home until they caught 

The ready wit pleased his father 
and his punishment was not severe. 
When his son, the late James Wilson 
of Keene, was in turn suspended. 
and came home, he was greeted with, 
11 Hello, Jim, what are you here 

"Oh, I got before my class, and the 

president let me come home until 
they caught up." 

The old man was some cut up and 
turned to a neighbor with, " How in 

the d 1 do you suppose he ever 

heard, that story ? ' ' 

The War of 1812 gave an opportu- 
nity for one of Peterborough's sons 
to gain great distinction. At the 
Battle of " Lundy's Lane" he was 
told to storm and take a formidable 
battery, with a most desperate chance 
of success. His reply has become 
history — " I'll try, sir." He was 
breveted brigadier-general, presented 
with a sword by the governor, sen- 



Residence of George W . rarrar. 








• k3 J 

Double Residence of F. G. Clarke and M. L. Morrison. 

The Smiths, always strong 
ate, and assembly of New York, and and prominent in civic affairs, have 

given Chief-Justice Jeremiah Smith, 

state, records the names of 
forty - three ' ' Peterborough 
soldiers sacrificed," and two 
women — wives of officers, 
who went to nurse their 

The sturdy families of its 
early settlers have sent out 
generations of educated, 
energetic, and notable men. 
It is impossible in an article 
of this character to mention 
all of them, or to do more 
than single out here and 
there a few of its distin- 
guished sons. 

voted him a gold medal, 
a representation of his heroic 


and memorable charge. He became 
the territorial governor of Arkansas, 
and was elected to congress, but 
resigned. Hawthorne called him, 
41 New England's most distinguished 
soldier," and Gen. Lewis Cass said, 
" A more gallant soldier, or a purer 
patriot it has never been my 
fortune to meet." \ 

He attended the centen- 
nial celebration in Peterbor- 
ough, October 24, 1S39, and 
was called out by the toast, 
" General James Miller. A 
brave man, never to be for- 
gotten by his country or na- 
tive town." 

The War of the Rebellion 
aroused the patriotism of the 
old town, as it never failed to 
do when our country was in 
peril, and it sent two hundred 
and nine men to the front. 
The soldiers' monument 
erected in Putnam Park in 
1869 — one of the first in the cr.a-: ti * c*-s 

of our supreme court, member of con- 
gress, and governor of the state twice ; 
Dr. Albert Smith, professor in Dart- 
mouth Medical college, and town 
historian. The Morrisons, always 
famous in educational matters and 
in theology, have produced many 
learned and devout men. 

1 ; 1 

I - - -*■- - 

- — - -„ B 


t 'T.orr e:or ind Bar 




The Wilson family have given 
many lawyers, who have enjoyed 
political eminence. Mrs. M. E. Sher- 
wood, the authoress, is one of this 

The Holmes, of which family Judge 
Nathaniel Holmes of Cambridge is a 
representative, gave the sesqui-cen- 
tennial address in October, 1S89. 

The McCoys, Nays (corrupted 
from McXee), Moores, Millers, 
Fields, Robbes, and Cheneys, have 


John bcott. 

illustrious sons and descendants in 
this and other states. 

The Ames, Washburns. Hadleys, 
Swans, Steeles, and Wilders, are 
other prominent families. 

The Whites have an able represen- 
tative in Gen. D. M. White, a law- 
yer, late commanding the National 
Guard of the state, and United States 
consul at Sherbrooke, P. Q., promi- 
nent in the G. A. R., and a man 
bound to make a mark. 

The Greggs, corrupted from Mac- 

Thomas B. Tucker. 

Gregor, Allisons, and Littles, are 
widely scattered. 

The Kimballs, Langleys, Nicholses, 
Bruces, Frosts, Robbinses, and For- 
bushes are still numerous in the 
town, as well as other well known 

The Scotts, at present and in the 

f. #-■ .iMffi'ii,-" 


M. L. Motnson. 



past, have done good service for the 
town. The late Albert Scott and 
Kendall Scott were public spirited 
citizens who did much for the town. 
They seemed to have inherited a mil- 
itary prowess from an heroic ances- 
tor. Capt. William Scott brought 
away five musket-balls in his body 
from Bunker Hill, afterwards escap- 
ing from a British prison-ship in 
Halfax harbor, and rounding out 
his career with rescuing eight peo- 

Soldiers' home: and K. M. Smith, 
lawyer and most useful citizen. 

Frank G. Clarke, prominent politi- 
cally, and James F. Brennan are two 
rising young lawyers who have a 
strong influence in town affairs. 

E. \Y. Jones, late post-master, a 
man of the most excellent judgment, 
is universally regarded as a safe 
guide in town affairs. 

E. W. Mcintosh, a retired mer- 
chant, and C. H. Brooks, now repre- 





- .; tMuii! '■'■'».irt; : -.M:-:-w" :: ;' te^ iw - \ 

• - ■ * - :.'\'~ 

Brennan's Block and Marble Works. 

pie from a capsized boat in New 
York harbor. He fought with the 
elder Harrison at Tippecanoe, and 
finally ended a romantic career with 
a prosaic fever. His descendants, 
Col. Charles Scott, distinguished in 
the late Rebellion, with his brother, 
John Scott, editor of the Peterbor- 
ough Transcript, are still citizens of 
the old town. 

Another family of Smiths em- 
braces several merchants : Capt. 
E. H. Smith, commander of the 

senting the town in the state legis- 
lature, are prominent men. M. L. 
Morrison, cashier of the Peterbor- 
ough Savings bank, and with an 
honorable war record, is another 
prominent citizen. 

Miss Jennie Scott, a young lady 
of another Scott family, manages 
with a wise conservatism the large 
interests left by her father. Lands, 
buildings, and investments are ably 
handled by her with all the skill of 
her father, the late James Scott. 



Miss Jennie Scott. 

Mr. Scott was for many years one of 
the ablest counsellors of the village. 
He enjoyed the unique distinction of 
having met Lincoln, and getting him 
to reverse the dictum of Secretary 
Stanton. Mr. Scott's daughter was 
drowned in the Potomac river while 
going to the front to meet her hus- 
band. Mr. Scott hastened to Wash- 
ington and tried to get a permit from 
Secretary Stanton to go through the 
lines and get her body. This was 
refused because of the danger attend- 
ing such a pursuit. By his persist- 
ency he succeeded in getting to the 
president and winning the sympathy 
of his kind heart. He bore to the 
front a. personal order from President 
Lincoln, and demonstrated to Mr. 
Stanton the "grit" and " stick- to- 
it-iveness " of a New Hampshire 

The modern village of Peterbor- 
ough is one of the most picturesque 
in southern New Hampshire. It is 
situated at the junction of the Nu- 
banusit with the Contoocook river, 
and straggles up and down the val- 

leys, through which these rivers have 
their course. 

Built upon the western foot-hills of 
Pack Monadnock, * * little father of 
rocks," it looks across a wide valley 
six or eight miles distant to Grand 
Monadnock. This great mountain 
forms a fitting barrier in the west. 

E. M. Smith, Esq. 

amd completes the chain of encircling 
mioantains that enframes this fair 

The Contoocook, that beautiful but 
eccentric stream, rises almost on the 
Massachusetts line and flows north 
its entire distance, and affords many 
beautiful scenes about the town. 

The village has a handsome park. 
mamed "Putnam paik," in honor of 
the lady who gave it to the town, in 
which is erected the soldiers' monu- 
ment. It is shaded by large trees 
and borders on the Xubanusit. and it 
is safe to say that few towns of twen- 
ty-two hundred inhabitants have a 
pleasure ground as handsome and 
convenient as this. 



The main street is up and down 
hill, but is unusually wide and long, 
and extends from a handsome, old 
stone bridge across the Contoocook 
to West Peterborough, two miles 

The high school is on top of a high 
hill, and, though almost half a mile 
away if the streets are followed, it yet 
overlooks that busiest corner of this 
New England village, the town house. 

Its two railroads from Boston con- 
nect it with the rest of the world, and 
make it accessible to that constantly 
growing class of people who migrate 
to the country even.' summer. It has 
always been a favorite place for these 
people, and several of the large, gen- 
erous, old-fashioned farm-houses open 

E. W. Jones. 

their hospitable doors even.- summer. 
These are numerous on the surround- 
ing hills, and are sure to become, 
sooner or later, picturesque and 
health-giving summer homes. On 
the "east hill," the "old Wilson 
place," as it is familiarly called, is 
owned by the millionaire philanthro- 
pist, B. P. Cheney, Esq., of Welles- 

ley, Mass. This has been greatly 
improved at great expense by II. K. 
French, and affords one of the most 
beautiful views in New Hampshire. 

"Bleak House," the summer resi- 
dence of the late X. H. Morrison, of 
Baltimore, is near this, and partici- 
pates in the glorious view of the 
western valley and "Old Monad- 

Charles F. Pierce of Boston, a dis- 
tinguished artist, and a son of old 
Peterborough, has remodelled one of 
the old taverns of coaching days into 
a handsome residence, that from the 
rear is as picturesque as an old castle 
on the Rhine. 

On the southern hills two of the old 
Morrison homesteads are occupied 
by their descendants and have views 
of distant Wachusett and the long 
valley of the river as it flows to the 

Mr. Wheelwright has a model farm 
in this part of the town, and there 
are many others that lack of space 
forbids mention of. 

--.»--- -v. 




Charles Wilder. 





Colton Mill and Boarding Houses at West Peterborough. 

The summit of Pack Monadnock, 
partly in Peterborough and partly in 
Temple, has been laid out as a moun- 
tain park in memory of Gen. James 
Miller. It was largely through the 
exertions of Colonel Seott in the New 
Hampshire legislature that money 
was obtained for this purpose. In 
time this promises to be one of the 
most unique and picturesque parks 
in a state already famed for its ro- 
mantic scenery. 

Undoubtedly the two leading fea- 
tures in the industrial life of the 
town are agriculture and manufac- 
turing. It does not yet vie with its 
famed " sisters of the mountain," the 
villages of Dublin and Jaffrey, in 
the number of summer visitors. Its 
farmers are enterprising and modern, 
and have a large grange, a splendid 
creamery, and many fertile farms and 
beautiful homes. 

Clover Ridge farm is the property 
of W. H. Caldwell, secretary of the 
American Guernsey Cattle club, and 
lately connected with the state agri- 
cultural colleges of both Massachu- 
setts and Pennsylvania ; it has a reg- 
istered herd of blooded Guernseys and 
Yorkshire hogs. 

Many useful and eminent men have 
gone out from these beautiful old 
farm-houses and occupy prominent 
positions in the world's workshop. 

Manufacturing was begun at an 
early date. In the history of the 
early inhabitants much is told of 
their skill and industry in weaving 
linen and woollen cloth. The wife 
of Deacon Samuel Miller paid for a 
farm for each of her four sons by 
weaving linens. The skill of these 
thrifty housewives may have deter- 
mined the erection of the ''Old Bell," 
the first mill to weave cotton cloth 
by power in New Hampshire. 

At present cotton is the most im- 
portant manufacturing interest in the 
state, and it seems almost incredible 
that the great corporations of Man- 
chester, Nashua, Somersworth, and 
other towns are the children of the 
little old mill that still hugs the 
ledges on the Xubanusit. 

In 1809 the mill was built, and 
maichinery for making cotton yarn 
was constructed on the spot, by John 
Field, from Pawtucket, R. I. He 
was one of the workmen who con- 
structed, for John Slater, the first 
cotton-mill in the United States. 



In May. 1S1S, the first cloth was 
woven by water-power looms in this 
state under the superintendence of 
John H. Steele, afterwards governor 
of New Hampshire in iS44-'45. 

There are now three other large 
cotton mills in operation — the " Phoe- 
nix, " the oldest one, in the central 
part of the village, and two others at 
West Peterborough. 

In 1S24 John H. Steele began at 
West Peterborough the erection of 
a cotton-mill that cost $100,000 — 
an enormous outlay in those days. 
Another mill has been built since, 
and the little village grouped about 
these two was created expressly for 
these mills. Mr. Steele was a native 
of North Carolina, and he built the 
"corporation boarding-houses " in 
the style of his native state, with big 
chimneys on the outside of each end. 
They still stand as specimens of 
Southern architecture in this little 
Northern hamlet. 

In 1 83 1 Joseph Noone began the 
manufacture of heavy woollens, roller 
and slasher cloths, etc., at South Pe- 
terborough. The business has pros- 
pered, because he made the finest 

goods obtainable in this line ; and 
the present mill, managed by A. W. 
Noone, continues to be an active 
force in the industries of the town. 

In i860 Mr. Charles Wilder began 
to make thermometers and barome- 
ters in the old cotton-mill at North 
Peterborough. His instruments are 
the most accurate made in this 
country and are in use at the Smith- 
sonian Institution and other U. S. 
government departments. 

The making of trusses has been 
carried on many years by different 

Basket making was begun in 1S54 
and is now carried on successfully by 
Mr. Needham, who employs upwards 
of twenty men. Carriage manufac- 
turing, shoes, lumber, electrical and 
other machinery, grist milling and 
windmills are other enterprises. 

Formerly a good deal of paper was 
made by A. P. Morrison, ex-Senator 
P. C. Cheney, and J. J. Barker, 
Adams & Nay. 

Hubert Brennan, since 1849, has 
done most of the marble cutting and 
monumental work in this section of 
the state. 




Pha-nix Cotton Mill. 



Y"^-~ ' 








z &i 

Peterborough Transcript Office. 

The streets and houses are well 
lighted by electricity made by water 

One of the institutions of the town 
has been for many years the village 
inn. More depends upon this than 
is evident at first thought. The 
ordinary " transient " spends more 
time than he often intends in a vil- 
lage whose inn is excellent, and thus 
becomes more or less interested in 
the town. " Tucker's Tavern " was 
famous for manv vears. Mr. T. B. 

Tucker took it from H. K. French in 
whose family it had been for many 
years, and it is sufficient guarantee 
of its excellence that all the " Boston 
drummers " in this part of the coun- 
try hasten to this Mecca of hospi- 
tality when they can possibly do so. 
Mr. Tucker has retired in favor 
of his son and has busied himself 
in developing his real estate inter- 

It is not uncommon for towns to 
offer financial aid or other induce- 



— "iT 

mm b si , 


^Wfflffri 5 ?*:/ 


Residence of Co!. Charles Scott. 


- 1H - »- 1 

5: -3- ft 1 

- '£Z 
SSI is si 


Carriage Manufactory of George W. Farrar ie. Sons. 

ments to manufacturing concerns to 
locate in their midst. But it is sel- 
dom so much energy and money is 
laid out as has been by the promi- 
nent citizens of this old town. Their 
first enterprise was the building of 
the big shop of the Peterborough 
Improvement Co., located in the cen- 
tre of the village. This was but a 
partial success, but did not discour- 
age them, and another company has 
recently bought the "Old Bell Mill," 
and has now the Dickinson Ivory Co. 

located in it and materially adding to 
the resources of the town. 

In a village, whose men have no 
large fortunes, there has been raised 
in a population of twenty-two hun- 
dred people over thirty thousand dol- 
lars, within ten years, to bring new 
manufacturing into the town. 

Faith in the resources of the town 
has always been characteristic and 
strong in its inhabitants. It is but a 
question of time before many of the 
M water privileges," now unoccupied, 


IB [J 

k • — - - - ? ttt 'v ■' t 

Peterbc: -gh Creamery 




will be used for power in other man- 
ufaeting enterprises. 

The railroad facilities are excel- 
lent and its nearness to large markets 
offers advantages which few towns of 
its size possess. 

In 18S2 at the annual town meet- 
ing, the citizens voted to enforce the 
prohibitory laws. It has resulted in 
producing M a temperance town," 
where there is a prohibitory law that 
does prohibit. Xo one questions its 
advisability now, and as an example 
of the good it has done a comparison 
of the police expenses of this town 

tual of schools and it has always 
been managed on this plan. As 
early as 1834 it was opened an hour 
or two every Sunday, so that farmers 
and others who drove into the village 
to church, had access to plenty of 
good reading. It is now housed in a 
substantial, fire-proof, modern build- 
ing, lighted with electricity, with 
modern heating and iron stacks for 
the books. It has a capacity for 
40.000 volumes. A large, commodious 
reading room is attached, supplied 
with abundant periodicals. 

As this is the only fire-proof build- 


Is I ■ 3 \w JirT^ 

: E f i : . 


Needham's Basket Shop 

and others, where the law is not 
enforced, will show its beneficent 
results. The police expenses for the 
year ending March, 1894, were less 
than eighty dollars, a showing that 
makes an unanswerable argument. 

In educational matters the town 
has always been foremost, the dis- 
trict schools and Peterborough Acad- 
emy being the usual and recognized 
"roads to learning." until 1S71, 
when the town established a high 
school . 

The town library can certainly be 
considered as one of the most effec- 

ing in town, it will be made a reposi- 
tory for the portraits of representa- 
tive men. It already displays that of 
Samuel Smith and wife, whose tomb- 
stone pronounces him " the founder 
of this village." Those of X. H. 
Morrison, LL. D., and John H. Mor- 
rison, D. D., have also been hung. 
One of Rev. Abiel Abbott and an- 
other of Rev. A. M. Pendleton, 
representing the two men who have 
done most for this historic library, 
should be placed in it. 

The building and furnishings cost 
nearlv twenty thousand dollars and 

Ml 'S/C. 229 

were the gift of Mrs. Nancy Smith ered by Thomas Wentworth Higgin- 

Foster of Chicago, \\"m. Smith of son. It is proposed to place a tablet 

Alton, 111.,' Geo. S. Morrison, the in the east end of the building to re- 

widely known civil engineer, and cord the facts in its evolution, and to 

citizens of the town. At its dedica- make known its claim of being the 

tory ceremonies the address was deliv- oldest free public library in the world. 

[Authorities drawn upon: Smith, "History of Peterborough"; Whiton, u History of New 
Hampshire"; Belknap, "History of New Hampshire"; J. Smith Futhey, "Address"; Ban- 
croft, "History of the United States"; Macaulay, "History of England"; Keene Sentinel; 
Hawthorne, "Scarlet Letter"; Peterborough Transcript ; Morrison, J. H., ••Centennial Ad- 
dress"; Holmes, Nathaniel, " Sesqui-Centennial Address"; various letters.] 


By Mrs. R. Emma Robiyison. 

Mother: No word but this can e'er express 
Thy watchful care and tenderness, 
Thy patient, ceaseless toil 
For His. 

Mother in Israel thou art, 
And from thy tender, loving heart 
Spring words of deep and precious worth 
For His. 

Mother: Unselfish, sacred is thy trust. 
And faithfully, though bowed in dust, 
Dost thou that trust fulfil 
For His. 

Mother: May Heaven-born glory- crown thy brow 
And Angel presence even now 
Be thine, to wear and know, 
For what thou doest 
For His. 

By Adelaide Cilley Waldron. 

The fulness of my joy thy measures swell, 
And in my sorrow thou wilt comfort me ; 

What else unspoken is, thy tones shall tell, 
And words divine shall meet response in thee. 


— .- . c . _■-. i-.-^itt^^* L i ■Ati 




[Translated from the German of Hans Werder. J 

By Agatha B. E. Chandler. 


NCE more the bells 
rang out from the 
belfry of the little 
chapel of Langen- 
rode abbey, but so 
sadly that they 
scarcely seemed to 
be sounding for a wedding. The 
church was filled with Baireuth dra- 
goons of all ranks, fifty or more 
officers sitting in the front pews or 
standing leaning against the pillars, 
while the villagers with their wives 
and children filled the back of the 

The voice of the old chaplain 
sounded loud and clear as Jobst von 
Reutlingen and Ulrike von Trebe- 
now stood before him, Reutlingen 
with his manly figure erect, clad in 
his bright blue blouse trimmed with 
silver, his left hand holding his three- 
cornered hat with its flowing plume 
and resting lightly upon the hilt 
of his sabre, while his eyes rested 
thoughtfully and attentively upon 
the old pastor. By his side stood 
Ulrike, her face as pale as death, 
clad in her dress of mourning, 
without a single ornament save the 
wreath of dark green myrtle in her 
silver blonde hair. Her stony gaze 
was fixed upon the altar window, 
through which beamed the deep red 

of the winter sun, the only recollec- 
tion of that hour of sorrow that she 
could ever recall to her memory. 

The pastor's opening words were 
spoken, and he was asking the usual 
questions. Firm and strong rose 
Reutlingen's ringing voice in an- 
swer, while his bride's low whis- 
pers could scarcely be heard. Still 
she did answer, for Reutlingen was 
holding her hand with a gentle pres- 
sure that seemed to her to be crush- 
ing it. 

T£>e chaplain blessed the pair, and 
the ceremony was ended. The cap- 
tain drew her arm through his own, 
turned quickly, and they walked 
dow:u the aisle together. Ulrike 
moved with bowed head, and did not 
see the friendly smiles and kindly 
greetings that Reutlingen silently ac- 
knowledged. With quick, sure steps 
he led her out over the sparkling 
snow to the abbey and to her own 
room. Here he released her arm, 
and suffered her to sink into a chair. 
She threw both arms upon the table, 
and let her head fall between them, 
her whole form trembling as though 
shaken by a chill. 

Reutlingen stood watching her, a 
smite playing over his face, that 
hali pitying, half victorious smile 
that he always wore when near her. 



"Don't let your little head droop 
so sadly, my dear young lady," he 
said at last. "It is done, and not 
to be recalled ; face your fate boldly, 
as a soldier's brave wife should do." 

Ulrike raised herself as he spoke, 
but she could not look him in the 
face. He took up his hat. 

" We leave at eight o'clock to- 
morrow morning," he said at last. 
11 Will you please be ready, my dear 
lady, for I will not see you before 
that time. If you need help in your 
packing I must remind you that Fer- 
dinand is as much your servant as 
he is mine ; command him. Good- 
bye ; we will meet at eight o'clock 

He departed, whistling a barrack 
tune softly to himself while on his 
w T ay to the refectory, where he found 
his friends assembled as usual. Most 
of the officers quartered in the castle 
had returned with their friends to 

the abbey after the ceremony to cel- 
ebrate, as they called it. their friend's 
wedding. The captain was greeted 
with stormy cries, and they raised a 
cheer for the wild Reutlingen, who 
had at last taken upon himself the 
hard yoke of matrimony. 

He returned a jolly answer, and 
with that the matter dropped, for, al- 
though covert jokes were still heard. 
he gave them to understand that he 
did not approve of comments on his 
actions, and so the topic of conversa- 
tion was soon changed. It was es- 
teemed a good thing in the corps to 
stand well with Reutlingen, and who- 
ever would do that must bend to the 
captain's will. 

Hertzberg alone quaffed a glass to 
him, and said laughingly, "I remem- 
ber you told us once, captain, that it 
was not empty prattle when you said, 
4 What the wild Reutlingen wants he 
will take.' " 


In the clear, cold, morning air the 
dragoons rode away over the deeply 
packed snow to the martial strains of 
the Hohenfriedburg march. Ulrike 
now followed the sounds that had 
so terrified her but a few weeks be- 
fore ; she had become a member of 
the proud cavalcade which travelled 
through the country to the music of 
that march. 

Well wrapped up in the furs she 
sat in a little sleigh with Annette, 
the chambermaid, while Ferdinand 
drove. The captain's servant had 
been with the Reutlingen family for 
many years, and since Jobst first saw 
the light of day he had been assidu- 
ous in his care of his young master, 
the thought of leaving that service 
never entering his head. 

In rear of the regiment and of the 
sleigh in which the young Frau von 
Reutlingen pursued her solitary wed- 
ding journey followed a wagon-train, 
loaded with baggage, camp equipage, 
officers' belongings, and all kinds of 

The departure from Langenrode, 
from the dear old abbey that had for 
so 'long been a home to Ulrike, was a 
thing of the past ; it had been a mo- 
ment of terrible suffering to her, but 
nor, she seemed scarcely able to re- 
member it. She had left the house 
as in a dream, and as in a dream she 
rode away. Dissolving views of the 
last few eventful days and hours flew 
rapidly across her mind : could it 
be really true — this sleighride in 
the train of this dragoon regiment 



to the crash of the Hohenfriedburg 
march ? 

Yes, it was undoubtedly true. She 
had to assure herself of it over and 
over again. She was married to him. 
It had really happened. The waver- 
ing and uncertainty of the past few 
days were now at an end ; the deed, 
now beyond recall, was impressed 
upon her heart as though graven 
upon stone. He had overpowered 
her will. How had he overcome 
her determined opposition ? A hot 
hatred of him awoke in her heart as 
now and then the sound of his manly 
voice came ringing back to her from 
the head of his troop, and the knowl- 
edge that, regardless of her wishes, 
she had fallen into the hands of this 
man, who was known to these fierce 
cavalrymen as the "wild one,'' burned 
in bitter mockery within her. 

Soon he rode beside the sleigh. 

" I hope you are not cold, my 
dear lady ? If you wish for anything 
please speak ; Ferdinand and An- 
nette are solely to wait upon you ; 
give them your orders, and I will 
see that they are carried out." Then 
he passed on again without receiving 
an answer, which, in fact, he hardly 
seemed to expect. 

Annette, the pretty little chamber- 
maid, followed him with an inter- 
ested gaze. She could not under- 
stand the modesty and timidity of 
her mistress, and would have been 
delighted to have had such a jour- 
ney in such grand company under- 
taken on her account. 

During the noon hour a short halt 
was made, and by evening the regi- 
ment had reached a small country- 
village, where they found inhospita- 
ble quarters, small, dirty, and un- 
comfortable. The ten troops were 

with difficulty lodged in the few mis- 
erable huts. 

Wolf von Eickstadt lifted Ulrike 
from the sleigh and conducted her to 
to a small room in a cottage which 
Reutlingen had designated as her 
quarters. The captain welcomed her 
there with a formal sfreetine. 

" It is impossible to find a room 
for you alone, my dear lady, for all 
the houses are terribly overcrowded ; 
you will have to share this one for a 
few hours with Eickstadt, Hertzberg, 
and myself." 

''Certainly; why not?" she an- 
swered, and then turned with a 
smile towards Wolf von Eickstadt, 
and continued, — "It is certainly 
warmer than the sleigh, and that 
is all I need for the night. I will 
wrap up in my furs, and perhaps 
you can find me a comfortable chair. 
However, we will see about that 
later, the first thing to think about 
is supper." 

The captain left the room, and 
when he returned soon after with 
Hertzberg he found the two seated 
before a crackling fire in the midst of 
the cooking, apparently entertaining 
each other gayly. Ferdinand had 
arranged some straw as beds for the 
men, and had found a really com- 
fortable chair for his mistress. An- 
nette, with wonderful dexterity and 
cleverness, had adorned the rough 
board table with the few utensils 
they had brought with them, and the 
whole scene was brighter and more 
attractive than had at first seemed 
possible under the dismal circum- 

The meal was served, and was 
very pleading to the travel-stained 
little company, Ulrike allowed her- 
self to enjoy it. although she was 



still quiet and ill at ease in spite of 
Wolf's efforts to induce her to talk as 
she had done before. 
r It soon grew late, and they all 
retired to rest. Warm and eosey, 
well wrapped up in her furs, Ulrike 
sat in the easy chair before the flick- 
ering fire, while Annette crouched 
by her side. The maid was not as 
comfortable as her mistress, but her 
heart was far more free from care, 
and she soon sank into a deep 

Thus the night came on, the pine 
torches were extinguished, and Ulrike 
now and then threw a piece or two 
of wood upon the fire to try and 
keep the cold, damp room habitable. 
Stretched upon his hard bed at her 
feet lay Reutlingen, covered with his 
riding cape and his head pillowed 
upon his arm. When the fire flared 
up its red light fell upon his dark, 
handsome face, and Ulrike's eyes 
were constantly wandering back to 
him. She tried to make herself look 
away, but could not — the fascination 
was stronger than her will, and soon 
she found a certain pleasure in gaz- 
ing at him. 

At last the flames died out, the light 
from the coals was extinguished, and 
black darkness filled the room and 
hid the slumbering captain from her 
sight. Soon her own head sunk back, 
and the much needed sleep closed 
her tired eyes. 

She awoke at the sound of trum- 
pets and found a dull gray light 
pouring into the room, and heard 
the clanking of the accoutrements of 
the rising soldiers. Soon after she 
sat once more in her sleigh while 
the Baireuth regiment and its long 
wagon-train moved on to the next 
stopping place, which was not 

reached until near evening. It was 
a small town near Groszenhayn, but 
was much roomier and more com- 
fortable than their camp of the night 
before had been. 

At this place Reutlingen searched 
for a room for his wife, and again 
Wolf was called upon to assist him. 
They very soon came back satisfied, 
and escorted Ulrike to a pleasant 
chamber where she could spend the 
time comfortably until the proposed 
departure for Steinhovel, for which 
preparations were already begun. 
Reutlingen had arranged everything 
for her comfort, even to a fire in the 
porcelain stove, and now surveyed 
his work with satisfaction. 

"I hope you will be able to get 
along here, my dear lady," he said. 
" Annette will be here to serve you, 
and Ferdinand will have the small 
room just across the hall ; if you 
want him you have only to call. 
I shall lodge below with Wolf and 
the people of the house. Have you 
any commands for me — if so you 
must speak quickly, for I have much 
to do?" 

Receiving no answer he departed, 
and soon Wolf stood in the door. 
The chambermaid hurried to and fro 
caring for her mistress's things as 
Ulrike laid aside her furs and sat 
down upon the stiff little sofa. 

" Take a seat. Hen' von Eickstadt, 
and talk to me for a while," she said, 
and Wolf willingly complied. 

"With pleasure, if I don't dis- 
turb you, my dear lady. I am such 
a good natured house dog and love 
company so much that it is very hard 
for me to get along without it." 

41 I doubt if you could ever disturb 
me," she answered. "It is so hard 
to be always alone without a con- 



genial companion, and really I have 
none such." 

Wolf gazed into her charming 
young face with an inquiring smile. 

" Your words fill me with joy, my 
dear lady, but your husband will not 
feel flattered if you class him as no- 

"Don't speak of him, Herr von 
Eickstadt," she cried, blushing, " for 
if you do you will drive away even 
my momentary peace and happi- 

He shook his head laughingly. 

4 ' What has the poor fellow done 
to you ? Why, you have tamed him, 
our wild one, he is so quiet and mod- 
est, and then, you must acknowledge, 
he has done much more for you than 
most men would." 

"Yes, I know it," she exclaimed 
impatiently. "What am I to do ? 
Effusive thanks would come from 
me but heavily, if that is what he 

" He wants nothing of the sort. If 
you would only be your true self in 
his presence, as you are now with 
me — if he could only win one of these 
friendly glances. He asked me only 
to-day if I had heard you utter a 
single word since our journey be- 
gan. He thought you had lost your 

"Please tell him that his anxiety- 

was groundless," answered Ulrike 
coldly. " Now let us drop the sub- 
ject. Herr von Eickstadt. I don't 
think that you wish your conversa- 
tion to pain me." 

" Reutlingen, I can tell you that 
your wife is in full possession of her 
speech," said Eickstadt to his friend 
a short time later, "but I am afraid 
that she has made up her mind to 
make no use of that faculty as far as 
you are concerned." 

I * How do you know ? ' ' 

"That was the impression I re- 
ceived. Just as soon as I undertook 
to sing your praises the frightened 
girl would get angry and forbid me 
to speak." 

"Let her remain quiet, then. 
Don't speak to her of me again, 
do you understand ? ' ' 

"Yes; but believe me, my good 
fellow, it is a very good thing to 
have some one spread a cloak of vir- 
tue over your youth and charms. It 
would be a priceless thing to you 
should she learn to look to you for 

II That may be true," was the an- 
swer, "but I don't want it done, 
and 3"OU must stop trying. Wolf. 
She can think of me as she will ; it 
makes no difference to any one, and 
I don't need her good will to keep 
me alive. That's what I mean." 


The abbey of Langenrode still re- winter, and the soldiers led a life of 

sounded as of old with the voices of suffering. 

soldiers, for the Baireuth dragoons Through the village street of Lan- 

had been replaced by a regiment of genrocie a wanderer came tramping, 

his majesty's artillery. The weather leaning upon his stick, with his head 

was still terribly cold, the snow was bent low, whether from weight of 

deep, and the ice was so thick upon years or some other heavy burden it 

the lake that one could safely travel was hard to tell, for a broad-brimmed 

over it in a sleigh ; it was a hard hat shaded his face, the lower part of 



which was also covered by a beard. 
The stranger seemed in search of 
some one, but everywhere he went, 
into whatever house he peered, he 
saw only Prussian soldiers, and they 
seemed very unwelcome company, 
for he always lengthened his steps 
upon seeing them. 

At last he reached the abbey : here 
also were soldiers, the clashing of 
arms, the stamping of horses, cries 
and curses. The stranger shuddered 
and passed on by the little chapel to 
the house at the edge of the church- 
yard where dwelt the old sexton and 
gardener of the abbey. The old man 
himself stood in the open door of his 
little home, his fur cap drawn down 
over his ears, a lighted pipe in his 
mouth, and gazed with troubled eyes 
over the snow covered garden to the 
winter landscape beyond. 

"Good day, my friend. Are you 
being quartered upon, or have you a 
corner where a weary wanderer may 
find rest? " 

" Those quartered here are not at 
home. Step in." 

With this the old man turned 
around and left the door open for 
his guest to enter, which the latter 
thankfully did, seating himself on 
the offered place on the bench near 
the fire. He took the thick woollen 
gloves from his hands and rubbed 
his tingling fingers ; they were the 
small thin hands of a person of 
rank, white, carefully cared for, and 
of youthful appearance. The}' did 
not suit his apparent position, and 
still less did they harmonize with his 
rough beard and shaggy coat. He 
did well to cover them in the long 
gloves, if he wished to pass as a bent 
old man. 

Silently, with shuffling steps and 

slow and heavy movements, the old 
sexton got out two glasses, filled 
them with strong, dark brandy, and 
then placed a plate of bread and 
cheese upon the table before his 
guest. Then he seated himself at 
the other side of the table. 

" Now eat and drink, and may it 
do you good," said the old man in a 
hoarse voice, and, clinking the two 
glasses together, he emptied his own 
at a draught. 

The stranger returned the health, 
and sought to start a conversation, 
but seemed, nevertheless, to pay lit- 
tle attention to the old man's an- 

"I have been here before," said 
the stranger suddenly. ''Then the 
abbess of the convent, Fraulein von 
Trebenow, was very ill ; can you tell 
me, my old friend, if she still lives? " 

" She is dead ; she died soon after 
the soldiers first came. Her pall- 
bearers were dragoons. ' ' 

The stranger had removed his hat 
from his head, and his dark eyes 
rested anxiously upon the speaker's 
wrinkled face. 

" She had a niece with her, a 
young Fraulein von Trebenow ; can 
you tell me, my good friend, what 
has become of her ? ' ' 

"Gone with them," was the an- 

1 : Gone with them ! ' ' The face of 
the stranger paled, and his voice 
tre jibled. ' ' With whom — where ? 
I pray you, my friend, answer me 
quickly. I know the young lady, 
and wish to find her, if I can only 
learn how to do it." 

<; She has gone with the dragoons," 
continued the old man. without giv- 
ing any information that would allay 
his guest's impatience. 



ri But, in Heaven's name, how- 
could she go with the dragoons? 
What kind of dragoons were they ? 
Were they called the Baireuth dra- 
goons? " 

" That may be — I think that was 
what the fellows called themselves." 

"And can you not tell me who 
were quartered here in the abbey — 
what officers, I mean?" 

" A captain and six or seven lieu- 

11 Don't you know a single name?" 

" Herr von Reutlingen, the wild 
Reutlingen, the captain was called; 
the others I do not know. Our 
young lady married him, and has 
gone away with him." 

"What," cried the stranger, start- 
ing from his seat as though struck 
by a bullet, "man, are you raving? 
Married, did you say:* Fraulein von 
Trebenow to Captain von Reutlin- 
gen?" He had clutched the old 
man by the breast, and stood before 
him with fleeting breath, his brow 
wrinkled, and his black eyes flash- 
ing with rage. 

"I am not raving: I lighted the 
candles and rang the chapel bell my- 
self. The old chaplain, who first 
buried the aunt, afterwards married 
the niece. They were _a handsome 
couple. It was too bad, though, 
that the young lady looked so pale 
and sad." The stream of the old 
man's words poured forth at last as 
he saw the interest he had awakened 
in his hearer, and he went on and 
told more fully of the wedding, of 
the departure of the dragoons, and of 
the little sleigh in which the "young 
lady," accompanied by Annette, had 
been driven away. 

The stranger satik back upon the 
bench, and dumbly listened to the 

story, his face hidden in his hands, 
and his body rocking back and forth. 

"O Ulrike, what have they done 
to you? If I had only taken you 
with me and protected you from this 
band of robbers ! " He ran his hands 
through his hair and sprang up and 
paced the room as a wild beast might 
pace his cage. He muttered madly 
to himself and beat his clenched fists 
against his forehead, while the old 
sexton's troubled eyes followed him 
with a gaze of stolid sympathy. 

"Who are you, sir? The story 
seems to touch you very closely," he 
asked at last. The old bearer of bad 
news arose and remained standing. 

" It makes no difference who I am, 
my old friend. I am thankful to you 
for your news and your hospitality, 
but I must now be off." He left a 
coin in the empty glass, grasped his 
hat s.nd stick, and went out again, 
assuming his bent walk as he did so. 

He walked slowly through the 
churcJh-yard and the abbey garden, 
wherce he passed a couple of artillery 
ofhceirs who did not molest him, and 
finalhy stopped at the entrance to the 
garde: n where a rustic fence separated 
it froim the snow covered fields be- 

Hore she had stood and looked out 
upon, the world so fearfully with her 
her soft, earnest, childlike eyes, as 
though she saw before her the dread- 
ful fracture that she so feared, and yet 
from which she would not flee, pre- 
ferring to hold on to the end there 
when-; love and duty held her. 

" A_nd I went away and left her 
unprotected ! " he cried aloud. " Ul- 
rike, IL'lrike, my darling ! What ter- 
rible anxiety and despair must have 
been vour lot among those brutal 
street: robbers': The wild Reutlingen, 


and Ulrike his booty! Sacre Dieu ! hand grasped it, caring nothing for 

Was it my cowardice that allowed the thorns that tore his flesh nor for 

her to stay here? I conld n't stay, the red drops of blood that fell upon 

I could not!" Again he beat his the snow. 

clenched fists upon his forehead, and "If it costs me my blood and my 

his eyes roved eagerly about as life, Ulrike, I will not give you up! 

though seeking something, finally You would never willingly tear your 

resting upon a wild rose bush whose self away from me ! I will learn how 

thorny stem stretched itself out from to rend you from this wolf's paws! M 

beneath the snow ; he saw in mem- And, rashly raising himself to his 

ory Ulrike standing beside it as she full height, Benno von Trautwitx 

broke off its red berries with her ex- walked away in the rapidly falling 

quisite hand. Convulsively his own winter twilight. 

[to be continued.] 

By M. A. C. C. 

Good morning ! pretty Mayflowers ! 
Peeping from your leafy bowers, 
Filled with winning, magic powers, 
Born to brighten lonely hours. 

When your dainty robes appear, 
Full of sweetness, full of cheer, 
We your presence welcome here, 
For you tell us Spring is near. 

"Welcome! welcome!" we all say, 
Herald of the lovely May, 
Ere another flower or spray 
Can be found as forth we stray. 

All, your presence would secure, 
With your breath so sweet, so pure. 
To your haunts you each allure — 
Would such sweetness might endure ! 



By Edward A r . Pearson. 




V^ONXORD, the eapi- 
//^ |;^| tal of New Hamp- 

\J yj ! }}-> shire, the city of 
' *p.\ world- famed manu- 
factures, and of 
granite with which 
some of the nation's costliest struc- 
tures have been built, has earned a 
fresh claim to distinction within a 
few years, and by events of alternate 
winters, beginning in 1891, gained a 
new title, that of the Carnival City. 
Its fame in this new direction has 
not been won from sister cities, and 
none can claim the credit of having 
supplied an original for Concord to 

Winter carnivals were not un- 
known when this city first essayed 

this form of diversion, but it was 
Concord's province to demonstrate 
that comparatively small cities could 
successfully indulge in midwinter fes- 
tivities of a semi-Mardi Gras charac- 
ter. A city of wealth and refine- 
ment, possessing the handsomest bus- 
iness street on the continent and 
attractive residential portions, —the 
capital is peculiarly well adapted to 
the purposes to which it has thrice 
been put for pleasure's sake. 

Concord's first carnival was held 
in 1891, and had its inception in 
public spirit created by efforts of the 
Commercial club, the counterpart of 
the boards of trade of many places. 
The especial purpose was to provide 
diversion for the city's legislative 

. - ..- 





■ r 

■^- \J. -"" 

Concord High Schao*. 


- w- 

\ I 

^j u I 

I L 1 ! r 



»a»f^^- ; — — '■ ,-•- : 

BtottW"- -1 "'" 1 

Best Six-Horse Team. 

visitors, and the result was most sat- 
isfactory. An abundance of health- 
ful out-door enjoyment was provided, 
including most of the features of 
the carnival of 1S95, which will be 
spoken of more at length later on. 
James C. Xorris, an energetic young 
business man, was the first carnival 
president, and set a high standard of 
efficiency for his successors in the 
office. The one unique feature of 
the first carnival was horse racing on 
the once famous South street speed- 
ing course, since diverted to more 
useful purposes by the extension of 

the electric street railway system. 
Tern thousand people braved zero 
weaither to see " Arthur Wilkes," 
"Home Rule," and other fast ones 
in contests not soon to be forgotten. 
The presence of the great and gen- 
eral court again in 1S93 revived the 
carnival spirit, and the successes of two 
years before were repeated, with such 
improvement as experience in prepa- 
ration and execution made easy. If 
there had been unbelievers in '91, 
they had seen new light, and '93 
found everybody in for a carnival 
and ready to lend a hand. Ample 



. . 


Six-Horse Tetrr — Second Prize. 





fSJT- Wfe* ^ "-" 

R. F. Robinson. 

funds to meet expenses were secured 
without difficulty ; participation in 
the parade, the sports, the keeping 
open house, was general, and a city 
filled with happy guests was the 
crowning glory of Concord's second 
carnival. Ex -Alderman John C. 
Ordway bore gracefully and well 
the president's honors on this occa- 
sion, and was sustained, as his pred- 
ecessor had been, by the heartiest 
cooperation of business men, pro- 
fessional men, the ladies, and the 
boys and girls. 

It was in order that this year's 
festivities should surpass those of the 

second carnival, as it in turn had 
outshone the first. That they did 
so surpass, is a matter of proud and 
satisfying recollection for many thou- 
sand people. Beyond an occasional 
space-filling inquiry in the local news 
columns, " How about a Carnival ? " 
etc., no definiteness had been given 
to the necessary plans when the leg- 
islative committee on ladies' week 
soug-ht the cooperation of the Com- 
mercial club officers and the mayor, 
in providing entertainment for the 
visitors of the fair sex whom it was 
proposed to attract to the capital. 
The suggestion quickly led to action, 

Harry G. Emmons. 



and almost in an evening the decision 
was reached to make the carnival a 
feature of "ladies' week," and to 
make it the best ever held. 

Hon. Henry Robinson, mayor of 
the city, entered with characteristic 
zest into the work of preparation, and 

the most important of his official du- 
ties, and accomplished much toward 
the achievements in which all take a 
just pride. 

The mayor's enthusiasm was con- 
tagious, and his example was fol- 
lowed bv the busiest of citizens as 

ml • - ft **» v V 



Northern Electrical Supply Co. 

m« : 





* afc - - . - 

i 11 

Concord Bicycla Co. 


relaxed no effort for advancement 
until the closing scenes of the final 
evening left nothing more to be done. 
By his presence at all important com- 
mittee meetings, by spoken and writ- 
ten solicitation, invitation, and com- 
mendation, his honor gave the inter- 
ests of the carnival a place alongside 

well as by those of leisure, by the 
wealthiest no less than by the wage- 
earners. A gentleman of much pub- 
lic spirit and the representative of 
large business interests, Miron J. 
Pratt, was honored with the presi- 
dentfs place, and left nothing undone 
that abundant executive ability and a 



notable earnestness of purpose could 
suggest. Associated with him in 
committee work were a hundred of 
Concord's well known citizens, each 
with some important duty, and each 
ready to give his best endeavor to 
the work in hand. 

the best possible illustration of the 
spirit which characterizes "the new 
Concord." — a spirit which is making 
its hospitality of national renown ; is 
attracting capital and citizens, and 
is a strong safeguard against a de- 
pression of local property values 

Ferrin & Woodman. 

if ^ 

Appeals for funds met with the 
readiest response, and with Si,ooo 
as the desideratum at the outset, the 
finance committee had the good for- 
tune to count double that amount 
in available funds. The money was 
the voluntary contribution of local 
business houses and citizens, and is 

Holt Bros. Mfg. Co. 

and industrial and commercial dis- 

Five thousand dollars is not a large 
estimate, or an improbable one, of the 
amount expended directly and indi- 
rectly by Concord people for the mid- 
winter carnival of 1.S95. The busi- 
ness portion of the city was made one 



long line of color, practically even- former resident, Mr. John W. Drew, 

store being outwardly decorated, and of Boston, in offering a costly silver 

many residences were beautified. In- trophy for the best decorated window, 

terior decorations, too, were made the doubtless increased the competition ; 

objects of much good natured rivalry, certain it is that all former triumphs 

i . ■■ ■ 

It M 



Col. F. A. Palmer's Pair— First Prize. 

and liberal, not to say lavish, expend- in this direction were totally eclipsed, 
itures were made in man}' instances, Much was done in preparation for 
the result being as attractive show the festivities to which justice cannot 
windows as are often seen in any be done by any description. Hun- 
business centre. The generosity of a dreds of homes were filled with guests 


R i i 


nm • %d 


.': v 



i - 



"% : 



Best Decorated Stan Windo. 




L IIP ' <" - " " ■ ' • V r . =2 - - - 

Best Decorated Residence — W. A. Thorrpscm. 

for whose enjoyment many attentions, 
aside from the public events, were 
conceived and executed most happily. 
The legislative visitors, — members, 
present and prospective, of the law- 
makers' families, — were the recipients 
of especial courtesies, that the first 

"ladies' week" might lack nothing 
of completeness and success. 

For carnival purposes good weather 
is the prime requisite, and without it 
all the preparation of weeks could not 
satisfy participants or witnesses. In 
three attempts, Concord has not suf- 

i -fa* mm Ml 

C v B fi m Mil/ 


mm ' 


Mrs. G. L. Tneobald s Pa r— Second Prize. 








k" —J - y it ■ 

Best Decorated Store. 

fered disappointment on this score. 
This year, two perfect days left noth- 
ing to be desired. To be sure, Main 
street's covering of snow was rather 
thin in spots, but the missing element 
was supplied from other streets where 
there was an abundance, and to spare, 
and the good sleighing so essential 
was not lacking over any part of the 
long route of parade. Given good 
weather, the next essential is a °:ood 

crowd, and this, too, was in evidence 
from Thursdav morning until Fridav 
night. Concord never entertained 
more visitors at any one time than 
were here on the carnival's opening 
day. Main street for a mile on either 
side was crowded to the curb-stone 
with pedestrians while store and office 
windows contained other thousands 
of on -lookers. 

There were other carnival features 



I bJT! - ^ ^- 

C £f- 

Baker Sc Kr.o/viton Q uggiftB. 



:' ^ 

- j - - •• s 

•-..-- ., . • .. - 

W. F. Carr. 

beside the sleighing parade, but none 
that approached it in interest. From 
all parts of the state, and from Ver- 
mont and Maine this year, the parad- 
ers came. How general the partici- 
pation was can be understood when 
it is stated that the judges awarded 
prizes to a six-in-hand from South 
Berwick, Me., and to the Medical 
college team from Hanover, while 

Manchester carried off the honors in 
the double team class, and Nashua in 
the single drivers. 

Enumeration of all the entries filled 
newspaper pages, and cannot be at- 
tempted here. The illustrations which 
accompany this article, if they could 
be extended twenty- fold, would 
scarcely do justice to the variety, the 
ingenuity, the beauty of the pageant. 

■<,/ W ;f, i 



Darktown F:re Brigade 

2 4 3 


The tiniest pony rig and the hippo- 
dromie seventeen-in-hand, the thou- 
sand-dollar flier and the slow-moving 
cart-horse, exchanged whinnies on 
common ground. Observers with a 
penchant for statistics stated that the 
horses in line numbered 2,000, and 

burlesques, fanciful tableaux. an<! 
striking eccentricities to vary an, 
possible monotony. Three bands dis- 
coursed enlivening music as the great 
company traversed the long liiK* c : 
march through the principal streets, 
and the details of the parade were 

:- ' l 


E. B. Hutchinson Bui'dmg Co. 

i %i^l 

The X-Zalia Trophy. 




~ 4f 


Concord Coal Co. 

that above them, beside them, and the constant care of Chief-Marshal 

behind them rode half that number of G. Scott Locke and a large retinue 

people. Showy and fanciful trappings of finely mounted aids, picked from 

and decorations lent picturescmeness Concord's chivalry. 
to the long line far beyond what the JSTew to the carnival this year, and 

same array would otherwise present, to the highest degree creditable, was 

and there were not lacking bright the trades display, in which a large 



share of the city's leading business 
houses were represented by expen- 
sive and elaborate exhibitions. Man- 
ufacturers illustrated their processes 
by actual operations ; great loads of 
merchandise, most tastefully arranged, 
attracted attention now to this well 

was entrusted the selection of those 
to whom the generous cash prizes 
and handsome trophies should be 
given, and their decision included : — 
Barge, Wonolancet club, first'; J Police- 
men's Wives, second. Six- in-hand, 
First National bank, Concord, first: 

■ n m 

ur-- '"' 
\j « ■ ■ ■ 

Cummmgs Brothers. 

I \WJ 

Eb ft) v 

^."!». Sft 

. -*."!». 

..--- l^L ._«*. TW,I. -«« ... ., ~. *- _»- - 


W. T. Ba Icy &r. Co. 

known store, now that, and Concord's 
industrial and commercial resources 
were most worthily exemplified. 

To three members of the legisla- 
ture — Col. Charles H. Greenleaf and 
Col. Oscar Barron, of hotel fame, and 
Mr. Lester F. Thurber, of Nashua — 

S. P. Huntress, South Berwick, Me., 
second. Four-in-hand, Dartmouth 
Medical college, first: R. F. Robin- 
son. Concord, second. Two-horse 
team. Col. F. A. Palmer. Manches- 
ter, first: Mrs. G. L. Theobald, Con- 
cord, second. Gentlemen's drivers. 





'- ■ ■ i ^■'■' "' 

The S«?veri!y-' D.""- M • -runner, " L)rcl«> Sa' 





second. Pony team, Mi^s Kenrick, 
Franklin, first; Miss Mclntire, Con- 
cord, second. School team. Cone rd 
High school, first; Industrial school, 


Mayor Robinson. 

Col. W. E. Spalding, Nashua, first : 
Hon. Frank W. Rollins, Concord, 
second. Ladies' drivers, Miss Bertha 
Dutton, first: Mrs. J. W. Sleeper, 
second — both of Concord. Tandem. 
W. F. Carr, first; J. E. McShane. 


President M.ron J. P.att. 

1 jkri! r IH o 


Dav.d E. Murphy. 




f * 


fr y* 

.. . "- • 

The Wonolancet C!uo. 

Manchester, second. Picturesque 
float, Rumford school, Concord. Qom- 
ical float, "Bog Road Museum," first; 
"Darktown Fire Brigade/' Hopkin- 



•" '■'■s. 



- . 


A Spec: 


Pony Tear 

ton, second. Comical team, C. W. 
Blay. first. First prizes in the trades 
procession were awarded, — Harry G. 
Emmons, dry goods ; G. B. : 
Emmons, meat and provis- eg~ ' N 
ions ; Northern Electrical L^_ 
Supply Co..: Second T"*>"-. 
prizes,— E. W. Willard 
& Co., dry goods; Dick- 
erman & Co., groceries; 
Mrs. F. C. Stratton, mod- 
iste : Third prizes, — D. E. 
Murphy, dry goods ; H. C 
Sturtevant & Son, grocers ; 
R. \V. Cate, horse-clipping. 
Prizes for best decorations 

were given as follows: Residences. — 
\\\ A. Thompson, first: Mrs. Nellie 
N. Merrill, second : stores, — Baker & 
Knowlton, first ; Harry D. Hammond, 
second; store window, — \V. C. 
& I. T. Chesley, the latter 
winning the Drew trophy, and 
containing over S500 worth of 
china, the draping being in 
heliotrope and white. Baker 
& Knowlton made a collection 
of antique articles an especial 
feature of their display and in- 
terested thousands of visitors. 
In a score of other instances 
much good taste and liberality 
were shown in the arrangement of 
especial window decorations, all of 
which added to the attractiveness 

-■•k"-; , i iff ,1.1 





*a Head iche Cr« 



which the city had for its midwinter 

The prize-winning teams were the 
objects of a great deal of merited ad- 
miration. The First National bank 
had an English drag with blue and 
white trimmings, and carried a charm- 
ing party of ladies. The Wonolan- 
cet club's barge had as passengers 
members of this popular organization, 
picturesquely clad. The Concord 

contested half-mile races at the driv- 
ing park, Friday afternoon, were free 
to the public, liberal purses being 
provided from the general carnival 
fund. Through the generosity of a 
local artist, Photographer S. A. 
Bowers, an elaborate display of fire- 
works was made on Main street, 
Thursday evening, and on the fol- 
lowing evening the festivities were 
brought to a close with coasting, 
illuminations, and music on Centre 
\ 1 ^ '~ r S£| street, thousands of people joining in 

*■<*■ ^ * the enthusiasm of the occasion. The 

lion of the evening: was Mr. Pearl of 


" double runner," 

his seventy-foot 
which went loaded 

even,- trip and of the thousands who 

enjoyed its 
speed, not one 
sustained the 
slighest inju- 

High School presented a charming 
court scene, Miss Sadie Critchett im- 
personating the carnival queen, with 
numerous attendants in costume. 
The party of students representing 
the Dartmouth Medical college dis- 
played the green and white lavishly 
and had a hitch worth taking the 
seventy- five miles that separates the 
college and the carnival city. 

The parade was the centre of in- 
terest, but it by no means comprised 
all the carnival enjoyment. Athletic 
sports in the opera house Thursday 
evening, and in the open air on Fri- 
day, had many votaries, and brought 
out clever performances. Sharply 


A Coasting Par-y. 

ry. Other " doubles " besides '' Un- 
cle Sam," the monster, were there, 
scores of them, and the gracefully 
sloopi g hill was alive with sport 
and merriment for hours. 

The.-e will be other midwinter 
carnivals in Concord, but the mark 
set in 1895 will not be an easy one to 
pass in the number of visitors at- 
tracted hither and in the generous 
hospitality which was extended to 

/like sky is' overcast wifck clovers, 

Seems d&rkf&ftd d^^irf •■ 

Yeb soor\ bKe s^u r* will sKir^o^^^ 

Ar\d skies be bS^ae; 
The ^glcd s^d joyoxis spf'iia 

TToime dir^wefck r^e&rf 


e rs b i ir'cj s 

v a I i sin 



looses bUcom again-- ^ > 

So do aob rninid, deaif hearty 

The chill arid rein _ ^^a^ 

;~jr& The w^y is ^6>V.^H« deaY' 

1 * , M. 





^Tet coiibb r^ob t^ab seme 
Flowed &loffw the way 

'Shall deck bKy fcnoo'hy ^ pabh 
WifcK fi&cyr^nce sveeb; 

God's peace ^ncd blessing well 
The: Fubur'e brorfc«£ 
b ^eve o'ec^s^^lVcs and 

• .O - I j I, I . yO> 

as thalc stung 

vJ\csb FoiK bodey 

Edith SmitK Dole 

>o do no 






t '. 

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By Henry /'- Colby 

;;<E\V Hampshire 




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has written 

many noted 

i names upon the 

roll of Fame 

and her chil- 

| dren are found 

j •'. j in all the ranks 

; of literature, 

I art, science, 

V : .... , .- *~Jm and politics. 

Many of our 
best artists were either born here or 
have made their reputations by paint- 
ing Xew Hampshire's scenery. The 
subject of the present sketch passed 
his boyhood in the village of Peter- 
borough. Thrown upon his own re- 
sources he was obliged to hustle for 
himself and do what work and get 
such schooling as could be had in 
a country village in the forties. 
We can imagine the interest with 
which young Pierce watches the 
local artist in the village paint 
shop as he puts the 
touches to one of 
landscapes, common to the sleigh 
dashers of the period ; how he 
"wished he could do that." and 
then see him go home and in his 
boyish way try to draw something 
himself. He kept on trying, his 
failure to satisfy himself only spur- 
ring him on to repeated efforts, until 
at last he found that the devil of 

those gorgeous 

ambition had him by the throat, 
demanding that he give his life to 
Art. During these years he did the 
work that came to his hand — on the 
farm, in the stable or shop — any 
honest toil that brought the means of 
living, and when the village grew too 
narrow for him he removed to Boston, 
and there, in the store window of 
Williams & Everett, his longing gaze 
rested upon the first real painting that 
he had ever seen. 

" I stood and looked at that pic- 
ture," said Mr. Pierce, "and then 
went in and asked it there was any- 
one in the city who taught painting : 
trie}' told me a class was being formed 
thien, and that if enough students 
could be secured it would be placed 
upon a permanent footing. I gave 
thiem my name and soon became a 
member of the first art school in the 
ci::y of Boston." 

! ' * 






-V'- ■ 





: - . • 

■ - 

S ':■■'-■-. i.. 

. -•■ ' 



Years of conscientious study and 
work at home and abroad have 
brought their reward and today Mr. 
Pierce's pictures adorn the walls of 
the best galleries in the country. He 
painted many winter landscapes in 
his early days, but it is chiefly 
through his charming cattle pictures 
that he has made his fame and name 
as a painter. 

The quiet life of cattle and sheep 
upon the rocky slopes of New Hamp- 
shire pastures, or by the side of some 
refreshing stream appeals strongest to 
Mr. Pierce's brush, and while his work 
is not characterized by any dashing 
technique, it is simple, earnest and 
truthful to the last degree. His 
landscapes are broad and somehow 
they always have a familiar appear- 
ance, like some* old pasture where we 
roamed as boys, and yet they are not 
obtrusive, being simply frames for 
certain old red cows that are upon 

every hill in New Hampshire. The 
picture reproduced at the beginning 
of this article and which is owned 
by the Boston Art club is perhaps 
the best example of his work. His 
colors scheme is simple and quiet, 
and every picture has an admirable 
atmospheric quality. It may be re- 
marked in passing that he has es- 
escaped the taint of rabid impres- 
sionism which has infected so many 
good men of late. 

That Mr. Pierce studies his cattle 
from life with the loving eye of a 
master, is evidenced by the two 
sketches printed herewith. 

The first sign of spring sends him 
from his Boston studio to Peter- 
borough, where he has refitted a 
beautiful home, and where his sleek 
and r.:ild-eyetl models chew the cud 
of content and attain to fame through 
the canvas of their talented owner 
and -iend. 



By Marion Howard. 

The only woman who ever visited 
Washington as the accredited repre- 
sentative of a sovereign state, is Miss 
Ella L. Knowles, assistant attorney- 
general of Montana, a modest little 
woman, with deep set blue eyes, a 
fine brow, delicately chiselled feat- 
ures, and an altogether sensible 
woman who claims New Hampshire 
as her birthplace. 

Ella L. Knowles was born in 
Northwood, Rockingham county, in 
1 86 1. She is the daughter of David 
and Louisa Bigelow Knowles, and 
direct descendant of Caleb Pillsbury, 
who held a captain's commission 
under King George, but who, when 
the word came from Lexington, 
threw it away and started to serve 
his country at the head of a band of 
minute-men. He was a noted man. 
so were his sons, four of whom 
fought in the Revolutionary war. 
The Pillsburys all are descended 
from William Pillsbury of Leek, 
North Staffordshire, England, who 
emigrated to America in 1640. 

Miss Knowles' s childhood life was 
passed at the fireside where she was 
taught the early branches of her edu- 
cation by her mother, who was a 
highly cultivated woman for her gen- 
eration and who passed away when 
Miss Knowles was barely fourteen 
years of age. At fifteen she was 
graduated from Northwood seminary, 
and at sixteen from the State Normal 
school at Plymouth. While fitting 
for college Miss Knowles paid all her 
expenses, through teaching country 
schools and privately. She studied 
Greek and Latin during this time with- 

out any instruction. Miss Knowles 
entered Bates College, Lcwiston, 
Me., in 1SS0, and was graduated 
with high honors in 1884, receiving 
the degree of bachelor of arts. Late 
that fall, she began the study of law 
with Messrs. Burn ham 6c Brown of 
Manchester and continued until her 
health demanded a change of climate. 
A position was offered her as pro- 




*? .,*.-s 

— -.. 

' ' 

EHa L. Knowles. 

fessor of rhetoric and elecution in an 
Dowa college ; her health, however, 
mot improving, she went among the 
mountains of Montana in 1SS7. and 
took a position in the Helena schools. 
Feeling nearly well in a short time, she 
gave up teaching and resumed the. 
to her, fascinating study of law, but 
before she could practice, >he put 
forth all her energies and introduced 
a bill into the territorial legislature. 




to permit women to practice law in 
Montana. After protracted discus- 
sion and strong opposition, the bill 
passed. The degree of A. M. was 
conferred upon Miss Knowles in the 
summer of r888, She was admitted 
to practice before the supreme court 
of the state of Montana, Dec. 28, 
1888, after passing a severe and pro- 
tracted examination. Admittance to 
practice before the United States dis- 
trict court and the United States cir- 
cuit court of the ninth judicial dis- 
trict was granted on April 28, 1890. 
Miss Knowles was also admitted to 
practice 'before the land offices and 
department of the interior. 

On the 15th day of June, 1S92, she 
was nominated for the office of attor- 
ney-general by the Populist party, 
and stumped the entire state, mak- 
ing nearly one hundred speeches. 
The Populist party had never before 
been organized until this pluck}- little 
woman went to work in the ranks 
and brought order out of chaos, and 
cheer to all hearts. She was every- 

where treated witli respectful atten- 
tion and when the votes were counted, 
out of the total vote of 44,000, Ella 
Knowles secured 12,000. The other 
party won by a few votes and when 
its candidate, Hon. H. J. Haskell, 
was declared elected, he appointed 
Miss Knowles as assistant attorney- 
general — a most gracious compliment. 

Miss Knowles has a very large law 
practice covering several counties, 
and the work done for the state is not 
clerical but such as is necessarily per- 
formed by an attorney at law. Just a 
year ago Miss Knowles was called 
to Butte City to settle a claim, and 
won the suit, together with a fee of 
Si 0,000, said to be the largest ever 
paid a woman lawyer. 

During her visit Miss Knowles was 
seriously injured, the result of a car- 
riage accident which necessitated an 
immediate cessation of professional 
duties. Miss Knowles left her home 
in Helena in October last for San 
Diego, Cal., where she is now resid- 
ing with prospects of renewed health. 


By Jo Jin W. Pearson. 

Good municipal government in the 
great centres of population and 
wealth demands the best endeavor 
of the best manhood of the time, and 
to be chosen to fill a place of respon- 
sibility in this branch of public life is 
an honor of no uncertain meaning. 
Such an honor recently came un- 
expectedly to a young native of 
New Hampshire, when Bertrand T. 
Wheeler was appointed street com- 
missioner of Boston, at a salary of 
$7,500 per year. Mr. Wheeler was 

born in Lempster thirty-one years 
ago, the son of Daniel Bingham and 
Maria Thorpe Wheeler. He fitted 
for college in Cambridge, Mass., 
public schools, and graduated from 
the Chandler Scientific Department 
of Dartmouth College in 1884. 
Adopting civil engineering as a 
profession he entered the employ of 
the Old Colony Railroad upon leav- 
ing college, and under the skilled 
and painstaking chief, Mr. George 
S. Morrill, (also a New Hampshire 



man), made rapid strides as an en- 
gineer. It was to the desk of this 
young engineer In the Old Colony 
office, that Mayor Curtis turned in 
his quest for the requisite ability, in- 
tegrity, and independence to ensure a 
business-like administration of one of 
the most important of the city depart- 
ments, and to Mr. Wheeler, unsolic- 
ited and free from all political en- 
tanglements, came one of the most 
responsible and lucrative public offi- 
ces in New England. In the few- 
months which have elapsed since he 
entered upon the duties of the office 
Mr. Wheeler has won the confidence 
of the public to a most gratifying ex- 
tent, and has shown himself to be 
most emphatically master of the 
situation. Sweeping reforms have 
been inaugurated, whereby the tax- 
payers of the city will be saved many 
thousands of dollars at the same time 
that the public interests will be more 
carefully considered and the efficien- 
cy of the sen-ice increased. Mr. 
Wheeler is keen of thought and 
quick and bold of action, indepen- 
dent almost to a fault and absolutely- 
fearless, a man of sound judgment, 
and in no respect imperfectly equip- 
ped for the place he fills. In private 
life he is one of the most agreeable of 

men, and his home at Dorchester is 
graced by a charming wife and en- 
livened by three promising boys. 
Those who know Mr. Wheeler most 
intimately, are those who are most 
confident that the recognition which 





Bertrand T. Wheeler. 

brainv, broad-gauge, and far-seeing 
Mayor Curtis of Boston gave the 
sterling qualities of the young en- 
gineer is but the beginning of a 
career which shall greatly redound 
to the credit of his native state. 


The college men of two continents 
are talking of the achievements of the 
New Hampshire student at Amherst 
College, Henry W. Lane of Keene, a 
member of the class of 1895, who on 
March 5th broke all American college 
records for total strength. The test 
upon which the record is based was 

made at the Pratt Gymnasium at 
Amherst, in the presence of Dr. 
Hitchcock, head of the physical de- 
partment, Dr. Seelye, his assistant, 
and Instructor Nelligan. Measure- 
ments were made according to the 
•system adopted by the American 
Association for the Advancement cf 



Physical Education, the total strength 
being computed as follows: 

One tenth of the weight is multi- 
plied by the sum of the number of 
times the man clips and pulls up with 
his amis ; to this is added the strength 
of lungs, legs, back, and forearms (or 

Henry W. Lane. 

grip), and the sum of all gives the 
total strength. Lane's figures are as 
follows: — 

Weight, 150.7 pounds, or 68.5 kilo- 
grames ; pull up, 48 times ; dip, 45 
times ; strength of back, 326 kilo- 
grams, or 717 pounds ; strength 
of legs, 620 kilograms, or 1,364 
pounds ; strength of lungs, 24 ki- 
lograms, or 53 pounds; strength 
of right forearm, 72 kilograms, 
or 158.4 pounds : strength of left 
forearm, 58 kilograms, or 127.6 
pounds; total strength, 1,737.5 kilo- 
grams, or 2,823 pounds, or nearly 
two tons. 

The previous record was held by 
E. Klein of Harvard, whose total 

strength is 1,445.6 kilograms, or 

3. 180.3 pounds. 

Mr. Lane weighs but 150 pound-, 
and stands 5 feet and 7/ j inches 

in height. He is very compaetlv 
built, without an ounce of super- 
fluous flesh. He has acquired his 
enormous strength by constant work 
in the gymnasium for an hour and a 
half daily. 

Mr. Lane was born in Keene, 
April 2, 1871, the son of Hon. E. 
F. Lane, the prominent manufac- 
turer and banker, and graduated 
from the Keene high school at the 
head of his class in 18S9. In college 
he has stood in the very front rank 
in scholarship, and near the end of 


Lane's Muscular Development. 

junior year was elected to the Phi 
Beta Kappa society, ranking among 
the first three men of his class. He 
is an active member of the Young 
Men's Christian association and of 
the Theta Chi fraternity, ami is very 
popular among all his fellow students. 

By Edward A. Jenks. 

A precious pair of rascals, truly ! 

Up to all sorts of pranks unruly ! 

Fun and frolic in even.' motion ! 

As many moods as the changeful ocean — 

Sunshine and tempest any day ! 
What has become of the household quiet ? 
Gone ! — and ducats could n't buy it ! 

Where did you come from, any way? 

Does Leda know you have gone a-Maying — 
Gone, from the fields of gold a-straying? 
Did the watchful hosts of heaven say things 
When you threw away your starry playthings ? 

How they must miss you ilka day ! 
And such a long, dark journey — sleepy, 
And all alone, and hungry, weepy! — 

You must have come by the Milk}- Way. 

The world is brighter since you love us ; 
But the fields of gold are dark above us, 
For now, at night, when \ 'ou are calling, 
The glist'ning stars, like tears, are falling — 

Falling for their lost Gemini : 
But though the weeping heavens miss you, 
And Leda longs to hug and kiss you, 

We cannot spare you — Clem and I. 

Conducted by Fred Cowing, State Superintendent of Public Instruction. 


By Channing Folsoni, Superintendent of Schools, Dover 

[Paper read before the State Teachers" Association, October, 1S94.] 

1 ' Reading maketh a full man ; con- 
ference a ready man ; and writing an 
exact man." 

The reading of teachers may read- 
ily be classified under three heads : 

1. Reading for recreation and gen- 
eral culture. 

2. Reading relative to the subject 
matter of the several branches to be 

3. Pedagogical reading. 

No one of these lines can properly 
be held up to a body of teachers as 
the most important ; no one of them 
should be recommended to the exclu- 
sion of the others. 

The belief that many of us neglect 
them all, and the fear that the advo- 
cacy of one line would be construed 
as its exaltation in importance above 
the others, have led me to discard 
the assigned topic, viz., " Profes- 
sional Training of Teachers in the 
Reading of Educational Works," 
and to select the one which I have 

1. It would seem to need no argu- 
ment, that teachers, above even- 
other class, should be men and 
women of culture. 

Having charge of the intellectual 
training of the rising generation at 
the most impressionable period, it 
seems self-evident that the teachers 
of our public schools should be per- 
sons of such literary taste as will 
have a lasting influence for good 
upon the minds and characters of 
their pupils. 

But reading must be practised as 
much for the teacher's self as for its 
influence upon the school. The good 
teacher is always a growing teacher, 
and intimacy with the makers of the 
World's literature is essential to the 
broadening of the teacher's intellect- 
ual horizon. Many of the most cul- 
tivated people of every community 
have become such from their read- 
ing habits ; this is true as applied to 
teachers as well as to those of other 
ranks. Not onlv does the reading 



habit supplement a liberal education : 
it goes far to supply the lack of edu- 
cational advantages. But it must be 
remembered that a taste for good 
reading is not usually an in-born 
but an acquired one. Having been 
once acquired it increases with indul- 

One writer says, — " Xo man hav- 
ing once tasted good food or good 
wine, or even good tobacco, ever 
turns voluntarily to an inferior ar- 
ticle." In general, this is equally 
true as applied to our habits of 

Every teacher should aim to ac- 
quire a taste for the best literature 
that mental growth may be constant, 
and that culture and power be ever 

The private library of the teacher 
should receive some accession every 
year. The public library is invalu- 
able, but it can not take the place of 
your own collection, however small it 
may be, of the books you love. 

This general or miscellaneous read- 
ing for which I plead may follow the 
taste and inclination of the individ- 
ual. Most of us find a satisfaction 
in following some particular line of 
study. But whatever be the prefer- 
ence, science, history, politics — do 
something systematically. In this 
course you will find pleasure, recre- 
ation, and growth. 

2. I have indicated as the second 
line of reading calculated for the im- 
provement of teachers, the reading of 
works relative to the subject matter 

Too often teachers are satisfied 
with the meagre knowledge of a par- 
ticular branch of study that may be 
gained from the use of the text-book. 
This is specially noticeable in such 

branches as history and geography. 
The teacher who entertains pre- 
cisely the same views of almost any 
topic, and of the best presentation of 

it, that he held five years ago, prob- 
ably falls short of being a first-class 
teacher. If his scope has not been 
broadened by collateral reading ; if 
his views have not been modified by 
new light gained from acquaintance 
with additional authorities ; if he 
continues year after year asking the 
same questions and content with 
the same answers ; he is probably 
more machine than teacher. 

"Reading maketh a full man." 
And the teacher, above all others, 
must be "full." To teach any subject 
well, he must know vastly more of 
that subject than he expects or even 
desires to teach. Not only is this 
knowledge necessary to insure suc- 
cessful, enthusiastic teaching, but it 
must be an ever-increasing knowl- 
edge. Thorough knowledge of a 
subject on the part of the teacher is 
the first requisite for a proper presen- 
tation of it to the pupil. 

This line of reading, then, is infe- 
rior to no other as an influence for 
improvement in teaching. If my 
position is correct, that a taste for 
good reading is an acquired one, it 
follows that teachers should have 
such knowledge of books as will 
enable them to inspire their pupils 
with a desire to read the good, and 
to guide them in their selection. 
You may destroy the "dime novel" 
of which you have dispossessed its 
stealthy reader, but unless you sub- 
stitute something better, and train 
him to a liking for it, your lecture 
on cheap literature will be wasted. 
Xow that our public libraries are 
working in close sympathy with the 



school, it behooves every teacher to 
know books. 

Enlarged privileges to the pupils in 
the use of the library bring enlarged 
duties to the teacher in directing that 
use. A good reading habit is inval- 
uable to every pupil, and the acquisi- 
tion of this habit, with the large ma- 
jority of pupils, is dependent upon 
their training in the public schools. 

"The extent to which pupils are 
interested in the books from the 
library will be measured by the ex- 
tent to which you help them to under- 
stand and appreciate them." [Jour- 
nal of Education .] And the extent 
to which you help them must of ne- 
cessity be measured by your own 
understanding and appreciation. 

I have sometimes been misunder- 
stood by teachers in the application 
of my advice as to a course of read- 
ing calculated to enlarge the knowl- 
edge of some of the branches found 
in the school curriculum. For a 
teacher of United States history, for 
example, I would not advise a daily 
study of the topic under consideration 
by the class, merely. But rather a 
course of reading in history which 
would tend to fill the teacher's mind 
with the historical spirit ; and an ad- 
herence to this course, even to the 
extent of limiting the time devoted to 
the daily lesson as such. A note- 
book, or better still a text-book inter- 
leaved for notes, will go far towards 
taking the place of this daily study 
of the lesson. When a teacher has 
taught the same subject for a term of 
years, more improvement will result 
from increasing the general knowl- 
edge of the subject than by confin- 
ing one's self to details. And the 
maxim so often laid down, "Never 
conduct a recitation without making 

a thorough and special preparation 

for it." may be best honored by a 
little thought upon method of presen- 
tation. And time, otherwise used in 
mulling over petty details already 

familiar, may be far better used 
in reading some reliable, standard 
book which will help to saturate the 
teacher with the spirit of the subject. 

3. Let us now consider the third 
division of my subject, viz., the im- 
provement of teachers by reading the 
literature of pedagogics. 

We have heard and read much for 
many years relative to "teaching as 
a profession." Xo occupation can 
properly be dignified as a "profes- 
sion," entrance to which has no test 
but the preference of a school board. 
and the requirements of which are 
only the satisfaction of the people. 
Xew Hampshire has even retrograded 
from her former limitations. There 
was a time when some examination 
and a certificate of qualification were 
required before a candidate could be- 
come a teacher in a public school, 
but this pre-requisite has been swept 
away, and anybody may teach who 
can get the votes. 

Only a small percentage of our 
teachers are, or are likely to be, of 
college education. Only a few, com- 
paratively, have taken a Normal 
school course ; and the proportion is 
not likely to change materially for 
the better until a different public 
sentiment prevails, and different legal 
requirements of the would-be teacher 
have been enacted. 

The public school teachers of the 
state should be leaders of public sen- 
timent respecting this matter; in- 
stead, we are quietly acquiescent in 
legislation affecting our position and 
Standing in the community. To lead 



public sentiment, or to influence it, 
teachers must first prove their worthi- 
ness to be leaders. They must be 
in touch with educational leaders of 
the country. They must understand 
educational principles. They must 
know somewhat of the history of ed- 
ucation. They must be able to dis- 
tinguish between science and empiri- 

To this end teachers must read 
pedagogical works. What results 
have we a right to expect from such 
reading ? 

A professional spirit will result 
from pedagogical reading. Lawyers, 
physicians, and clergyman read the 
literature of their respective profes- 
sions. The member of either of 
these professions regarding whom 
there is a doubt in this respect, very 
soon loses the confidence of the pub- 
lic, and deservedly. 

The worker in wood, the worker 
in metals, the collector of postage 
stamps, each has his special periodi- 
cal which he reads faithfully, and 
by which he profits. But many a 
teacher would laugh to scorn a sug- 
gestion that his work and his influ- 
ence might be increased by his sub- 
scription to, and his regular reading 
of, an educational journal. Some 
plead that they cannot afford it. 
They cannot afford not to do it. 

When the three thousand teachers 
of the state are familiar with the best 
educational literature of the day ; 
when they read regularly some edu- 
cational journal ; when their knowl- 
edge of educational mr.tters stamps 
them as experts in their business : 
then indeed may we expect them to 
be leaders of public opinion in all 
matters educational, then will every 
teacher be a nucleus around which 

will gather a local sentiment which 
will raise the occupation of teacher 
to that of trusted public officials. 

This line of reading will keep 
the teacher in touch with different 
theories of education ; with the claims 
of the advocates of new branches of 
study, or of old branches in new- 
places ; will keep them informed as 
regards the rights and duties of 
teachers as limited or defined by new 
laws or recent decisions ; and in 
many such ways will advance him 
towards the position of a member of 
a "profession." 

Again, it will make better teachers. 
The untrained and inexperienced find 
this the only path open to them for 
the stud}' of the art of teaching and 
the science of education. 

What shall such a teacher read? 
That in which she is interested : 
which she understands and appre- 
ciates. Descriptions of class exer- 
cises, illustrations of met?iods, de- 
vices, matters that appear practical 
will naturally appeal to such. But 
she must remember that a good 
teacher is more than a copyist of 
another. What is read must be as- 
similated ; the underlying principles 
understood: and when practiced in 
the class room, adapted to conditions 
and circumstances. 

That reading will prove of value 
which makes the teacher a thinker 
rather than an imitator. That read- 
ing which makes of the reader simply 
a copyist of devices without any 
study of the philosophy of the de- 
vices is not desirable. That many 
teachers get nothing more from peda- 
gogical reading does not argue against 
the reading. The young teacher who 
reads thoughtfully and understand - 
inglv what seems to be most helpful 



will thereby advance to an apprecia- 
tion of a higher grade of '* profes- 
sional " reading. 

Reading begets reading. 

The trained, the educated, the 
experienced, the successful, teacher 
needs this kind of reading equally 
with those of less advantages, and to 
such it is no less valuable. 

' ' Everybody knows more than any- 
body." The person who thinks that 
all knowledge will die with him is 
an uncomfortable person to do busi- 
ness with. And the teacher who has 
nothing more to learn is past his best 
days. Only the growing learning 
teacher should have a place in the 

There are no past masters of educa- 
tion. There is none so wise or so 
successful that he can afford to say 
that he has no use for the opinions 
of others. Moreover, no matter how 
thoroughly one has studied the prin- 
ciples and science of education he 
needs to keep them fresh in mind by 
occasional re-reading. 

To be a leader in educational mat- 
ters, the teacher must be familiar 
with the current changes in the edu- 
cational world. 

This kind of reading will inspire 
and maintain enthusiasm for the 
vocation of teaching. It is by rea- 
son of loss of enthusiasm that old 
teachers fall to the rear of the pro- 
cession, having been outstripped by 
the younger generation. As long as 
the physical and mental powers re- 
main unimpaired, a teacher should 
not become a " back number." 

It is not years that make a teacher 
old, but rather the dallying of sym- 
pathy, neglect of the signs of the 
times, failure to observe progress 
about him, narrowness, cynicism, and 

self-satisfaction. Many a teacher, 
young in years, becomes cynical, 
looks with scornful pity upon the 
enthusiasm of the beginner, and 
dolefully prophesies, — " She will 
soon get over that." " She will learn 
better by experience." 

Pedagogical reading will go far 
towards preventing this tendency ; 
it will keep the teacher out of 
ruts ; it will prevent him from be- 
coming a worshipper of his own 
style of work. 

We all know teachers, men and 
women, who in spite of accumulated 
years, are as progressive, as ready 
to learn, as earnest students of 
methods and principles, as any of 
their younger brothers and sisters. 
These, while health and power re- 
main, will never be too old for service. 

Xo one can object to a course of 
reading of this character on the score 
of lack of variety or lack of kind and 
grade desired. 

Journals are published weekly, 
monthly, and quarterly, adapted to 
all grades of schools and to all 
grades of teachers, from the kin- 
dergarten to the college ; from the 
young girl of limited education to 
the scholar of rare attainments and 
profound acquirements ; from the 
copyist of a device to the student 
of a philosophy. Publishers are con- 
stantly publishing books of equally 
wide range. 

Among the contributors to these 
journals and the authors of the 
books, are numbered some of the 
brightest intellects of the age — suc- 
cessful practical teachers who have 
worked their way to eminence with- 
out the advantages of previous train- 
ing : normal school graduates and 
principals ; presidents and profes- 



sors of colleges, themselves college- 

Some teachers tell us that much of 
the pedagogical writing of the day is 
beyond their understanding and ap- 
preciation. I confess to a feeling of 
sympathy with them. But the fact 
that some of the educational philoso- 
phers are beyond our comprehension, 
need not prejudice us against such 
reading as we do understand, nor 
deprive us of that v- hich interests 
us. And perhaps we may find the 
very discipline that we need, in a 
grapple with the theories that seem 
beyond our comprehension. 

It is urged by some that they have 
not time for such a course of read- 
ing ; a large part of the time devoted 
to mere drudgery, — to the marking 
of examination papers and the cor- 
recting of slate work, occupying in 
the case of many teachers even- spare 
hour of sunlight and often extending 
far into the night, might be more use- 
fully employed in improving the mind 
by reading. In my judgment, better 

teachers and better teaching would 
result. Pupils would be better taught 

by thinking, well-informed, cultivated 
men and women than by marking 

I close with the words of another, 
a superintendent in another state, — 
" I never write a recommendation for 
any teacher who has not been a sub- 
scriber for a good educational journal 
before she asks for my recommenda- 
tion. She owes it to herself to keep 
in sympathy with the progressive 
members of the profession, as she 
cannot without reading regularly the 
best thought which only finds timely 
expression in the best journals. She 
owes it to her school, which she can- 
not teach to the best advantage with- 
out knowing promptly all the best 
methods which find earliest expres- 
sion in those journals. She owes it 
to the profession to take and pay for 
a journal and have it all her own, in- 
stead of stealing, begging, or borrow- 
ing it from some one who does pay 
for it." 



Hon. Ethan Colby was born in Sanborrr.ton, August 29, 18 10, and died at his 
home in Colebrook, March 5. He became a resident of Colebrook in 1S3S. 
where he was a merchant for many years.. He was a representative in the legis- 
lature in 1861, and a member of the governor's council the following year. He 
was a man of large property and wide public influence. 



Rev. Thomas Spooner was born in Franconia, in 1852, and died in Lawrence 
Mass., March 6, aged 43 years. He was educated at Bates college, and pastor 
of Free Baptist churches in Whitetield, South Berwick, Me., and for the past seven 
years at Haverhill, and was the secretary of the Massachusetts Assocation of Free- 
Baptist churches. He is survived by a widow and two children. 


Edwin D. Coffin, sheriff of Rockingham county, was born in Portsmouth, March 
13, 1831, and died March 6. He was elected sheriff in 1SS6, and held the office 
until the time of his death. Previously he had served two terms as alderman of 
Portsmouth, and also two terms as representative in the legislature. 


Galen Foster died at his home in Canterbury, March 9, aged 87 years. He 
graduated from Amherst college in the class of 1S31, and practised law many 
years in Erie, Penn. He was a prominent abolitionist and a brother of the late 
Stephen Foster of Worcester. 


Prof. J. H. Morey was born in Franklin and died in Concord, March 12, aged 
59 years. As a teacher of the pianoforte, and a moving spirit in state musical 
circles, he was widely known and highly esteemed. He had resided in Concord 
for the past 40 years, and was a public spirited citizen. He is survived by a 
widow and daughter. 


Rev. Stephen Coombs was born in Jamaica, Vermont, June 20, 1799, and died 
at East Concord, March 13. . With one exception, he was the oldest Calvinist 
Baptist minister in Xew Hampshire. His settlements included Harwich, Mass., 
Springfield, Woodstock, Lyme, Sutton, Sanbomton, and Hill. He served three 
terms in the legislature from Woodstock, and tvo terms from Sanbornton. 


Lewis Kimball was born in Plainfield, Septert.ber 13, 1809, and died in Nashua. 
March 14. He moved to Nashua, in 1850, and was engaged in manufacturing 
for several years, removing to Milford in 1876,. and earning on a lumber business. 
He had been a resident of Nashua since 1885. Pie was alderman of Nashua in 
i864-'65, and representative in the legislature in 187 1 and 1S72. He is survived 
by a widow and four children. 


Sewall Putnam, of Wilton, died in Goffstown, March 17, aged 90 years. He 
was ten times elected selectman of Wilton ; was a commissioner of Hillsborough 
county for three years, and for nearly half a century was well known as a land 
surveyor and civil engineer. 




Col. Martin Van Buren Edgerly was born in Barnstead, September 26, 1S33, 
the fifth of nine children of the late Sarr.uel J. Edgerly, and died in New York city, 
March 18. He became a resident of Manchester when 12 years of age, remaining 
there, with the exception of a short time, until 1SS1, when he removed to Boston, 
He was educated in the Manchester public schools, and after working for a time 
for the Amoskeag corporation and engaging in business as a druggist, in 1S56 
entered the employ of the Massachusetts Life Insurance company of Springfield, 
Mass., as agent at Pittsfield. In 1S60 he became general agent of the company 
for New Hampshire, and returned to Manchester. In 1S70 he was made general 
manager for New England and the middle states. In 1SS6 he was chosen presi- 
dent of the company, succeeding E. VV. Bond, and continued to hold the position 
until his death. While residing in Manchester, Mr. Edgerly served as a member 
of the board of aldermen ; was colonel on the star! of Gov. James A. Weston in 
1871, and in 1S73 and 1874 he commanded the Amoskeag Veterans. He was a 
member of the National Democratic committee, and was a delegate to the national 
convention at Cincinnati in 18S0. In September, 1SS2, he was nominated for 
governor by the Democratic party of New Hampshire, and was defeated by 500 
votes. While residing in New Hampshire he was director of the City National 
bank, the New Hampshire Fire Insurance company, the Suncook Valley railroad, 
and the Worcester & Ashland railroad, and was centennial commissioner for New 
Hampshire by appointment from President Grant. At the time of his death he 
was president of the Des Moines & Kansas City railroad, director of the Boston & 
Maine railroad, president of the New Hampshire Loan & Trust company, director 
of the Detroit, Lansing & Northern railroad, and a member of the fire commission 
of Springfield. He is survived by a son and daughter. 


Capt. George Farr, of Littleton, died March 20, aged 59 years. He served in 
the Rebellion as captain in the 13th Regpment, N. H. Volunteers; he was seriously 
wounded at Cold Harbor and was mustemaS out in 1S64. In 1SS6 he was depart- 
ment commander of New Hampshire Grain d Army of the Republic. He was a 
graduate of Dartmouth college ; had been ;udge of the local police court for many 
years, and for 20 years had been proprietor of the Oak Hill house at Littleton. 


Henry W. Locke of Barrington died March 20, aged 68 years. Previous to the 
War of the Rebellion he resided in Rochester, where he carried on an extensive 
grocery business. He served in the 6th N. H. Volunteers, first as lieutenant and 
later as captain. He had been an extensive manufacturer of brick in Rochester, 
and was a member of Humane Lodge of Masons. 


Dea. Edward D. Boylston was born in Amherst, January 26, 18 14, and died 
at his home in that town March 22. He was educated in the village school 


and in Francestown, Bennington, and Gil man ton academies. Nearly all his 

life was devoted to newspaper work, the Farmers* Cabinet of Amherst having 

engaged his attention from his iSth year until quite recently, when he disposed of 

the property to his grandson, W. B. Rotch, by whom its publication has since been 

continued. Mr. Boylston was the author of several works of an historical and 

biographical character, notable among them being "Amherst in the Great Civil 

Conflict." He was identified for many years with the work of the V. M. C. A., 

and other religious organizations, and published and distributed gratuitously many 

thousand tracts and original poems. He is survived by a widow, one sister, and 

three daughters. 


Hon. Henry W. Clapp was born in Easton, Mass., and died in Concord, March 
24. He was engaged in the foundry business at Nashua for 14 years, and some 
30 years ago removed to Concord where he engaged in the same business, first 
as manager for Ford & Kimball, and later as head of the firm of H. \V. 
Clapp & Co. He was the patentee of numerous profitable inventions, and as a 
business man was very successful. He served as alderman of Concord in 1S79, 
1880, and 1SS1; as representative in the legislature in 18S5, and as mayor in 
1 89 1 and 1892. He is survived by a widow and one daughter. 


Henry H. Everett was born in Wilmington, N. C, and died in Manchester, 
March 24, aged 54 years. Most of his life had been spent in the city of Man- 
chester in newspaper work, in which he had achieved an honorable fame. For 
the past 12 years he had been employed on the staff of the Union, and as the 
"Rambler," entertained each week a large circle of admirers. He was a member 
of Louis Bell Post, G. A. R., and of Washington Lodge of Masons. He is sur- 
vived by a son and daughter. 


William S. Kimball was born in Boscawen in 1S37, and died at Virginia 
Beach, Va., March 26. He graduated from Rensalaer Polytechnic Institute, 
Troy, N. Y., and was at one time employed in the Concord Railroad shops in this 
city. In 1863 he went to Rochester, N. Y., where he engaged in the manufacture 
of tobacco. He was the first cigarette maker in the United States, and invented 
machinery for that purpose which laid the foundation of a fortune of millions. At 
one time he had the contract for all the cigarat:es used in France, where the sale 
of tobacco is a government monopoly. He was president of the Post Express 
Printing company, Union bank, City hospital, Industrial school, and vice-president 
of the Security Trust company and American Tobacco company, all of Rochester 
N. Y. 

Publishers' Note. — The fine likeness of the late Rev. A. J. Gordon, D. I)., in 
the last number of this magazine was engraved from a photograph by Davis & Howard, 
352 Washington Street, Boston. 

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(Translated from the German of Hans Werder), Agatha B. E 
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Our Summer Home, W. C. Sturoc ...... 

Pullman, New Hampshire: A Lumber Camp, George H. Moses 

Educational Department, Fred Gowing ...... 

New Hampshire Necrology . . ..... 




The Granite Monthly for June, 1895, will contain 

Interesting Reminiscences of the Civil War, by Hon. John C. Linehan, 

Illustrated by Engravings from War-time Photographs. 

Subscription : 52. co per year; Si. 50 if paiti in advance ; 20 cents per copy. 
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Copyright, 1S95, b>' tne Granite Monthly C ;mpany. All rights reserved. 
Illustrated and printed by the Republican :-ress Association, Concord, N. H. 



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President Cleveland 

The Granite Monthly. 

Vol. XVIII. 

MAY, 1S95 

No. 5, 



By Senator W. £. Chandler. 



3 I-i 

■ratifying to 

notice that Pres- 
ident Cleveland 
and his asso- 
ciates in his cab- 
inet, with their 
families, when 
they seek refuge 
from the heat of summer and look for 
rest from official weariness, quickly 
turn to the waters, the forests, the 
valleys, and the hills of New Eng- 
land. They will certainly be cor- 
dially welcomed to New Hampshire 
by all citizens, without political criti- 
cism or personal intrusion. 

The term "cabinet" is unknown 
to statute or constitution. The heads 
of the eight great departments of the 
government meet the president at the 
convenient hour of noon on Tuesday 
and Friday of each week. He, there- 
fore, is able not only to confer with 
each secretary upon any important 
business of his own department, but 
the opportunity is afforded for con- 
sultation with them all, concerning 
great questions of administration aris- 

ing- in any department, upon which, 
after the facts are revealed, the opin- 
ions of all may be taken. The result 
of this habit of meeting and confer- 
riiiLg has been the evolution of the 
name "cabinet," which is merely a 
term of custom and common speech 
used to designate the heads of the 
departments when collectively assem- 
ble'! around the president's consulta- 
tion table. 

The importance, however, of the 
cabinet as such a collective body is 
not to be underrated. To err is 
human, — when one man acts alone. 
In a multitude of counsellors there is 
safety; — provided they are not too 
many. Unquestionably the practice 
b> the president of consulting all his 
secretaries upon questions which it 
would be entirely proper for him. in 
co d junction with only one secretary, to 
decide and dispose of, is of inestima- 
ble benefit to the country. In many 
cases, however, of decisions and acts 
of -.he highest moment the presidents 
have undoubtedly omitted consulta- 
tions, or made them matters of mere 



form. One can easily conceive of in- 
stances of this sort occurring under 
President Jackson or President Cleve- 
land, and it is said that Mr. Lincoln 
submitted his immortal proclamation 
emancipating the slaves, with the re- 
mark that the question was not open 
to discussion as he had fully made up 
his mind that it should be issued. 

The cabinet meetings are ideal con- 
sultations. The number of advisers 
is convenient; — not large enough to 
be dilatory or unwieldy, not small 
enough to prevent a variety of sug- 
gestions. The peculiarity of the or- 
ganization is the absolute absence of 
any pride of opinion on the part of 
any person present. There is entire 
secrecy. All are united in one com- 
mon purpose, to do the very best 
thing to give success to the adminis- 
tration. An opinion expressed on 
Tuesday may be changed on Friday, 
without hesitation or regret. The 
sources of information are the best. 
The cabinet and the president are 
likely to comprise diversified abilities 
from various walks in life, competent 
for the wise solution of the questions 
arising in any emergency. 

It is almost impossible to imagine a 
cabinet whose members will not at 
least desire to maintain intimate and 
sincerely friendly relations with each 
other, seeking also unselfishly the 
common good, namely, the success of 
the president, who, with them, con- 
stitutes the administration, which 
must become the object of searching 
criticism and at last be approved or 
condemned by the public judgment. 

The present cabinet of President 
Cleveland, outside of legitimate politi- 
cal criticism, has not been the subject 
of serious animadversion. In the be- 
ginning there were complaints, par- 

ticularly of some of the members new 
to public life, that they were not 
sufficiently patient and courteous 
wliile receiving callers. This is al- 
ways the experience of new adminis- 
trations, especially when most of the 
subordinate offices are to be changed. 
The fault finding always ceases, and 
frequently those secretaries who 
pleased the least in the beginning be- 
come the most noted lor graciousness 
and a spirit of accommodation and 

It must be remembered that noth- 
ing is more trying to the nervous sys- 
tem than a constant succession of im- 
portunate callers on an infinite variety 
of subjects, great and petty, all com- 
ing to demand and never to give, al- 
ways seeking their own advantage. 
seldorm to help or benefit him whom 
they address. It is an art only ac- 
quirer;! by practice to be able to receive 
and dismiss the multitudes who 
thromg the executive mansion and 
the 'departments, without giving 
offence. Yet the president at stated 
times,, and the secretaries at nearly all 
hours.v are accessible to all comers. A 
few years ago, with an English gen- 
tleman, I called and secured short 
talks an succession with the president 
and aV'l but two secretaries, during the 
course of two hours. Such a result 
could: not have been reached in a week 
in amy other capital. Such accessi- 
bility, cannot much longer be con- 
tinue.::! at Washington. It is break- 
ing down the physical and mental 
powe rs of our presidents and cabinet 
ministers, who all. however pleasant 
on tibe whole are their places, look 
forward to a certain fourth of March 
to give them rest. By the beginning 
of th>e next century a seclusion for 
the executive and his cabinet, which 

t I 

Mrs. Cleveland. 


is now the exception, will become the 

rule. In the meantime, no caller at 
any of the departments, who is rea- 
sonable in his expectations, need fear 
that he will not receive courteous 
treatment, appropriate attention, and 
all the consideration to which he or 
his business is fairly entitled. Re- 
ported exceptions to this rule are al- 
most universally the fault of the call- 
ers themselves. The members of the 
present administration will compare 
favorably in these and most other 
respects with their best predecessors. 
Whatever faults or mistakes may be 
revealed by the light of the intense 
and piercing fires of the political can- 
vass of 1896, it is a pleasure to-day to 
make of record only their good traits 
and deeds. 

The president, Grover Cleveland, 
was born at Caldwell, Essex county, 
New Jersey, March 18, 1837. When 
he was four years of age his parents 
removed their residence to Fayette- 
ville and afterward to Clinton in the 
state of New York. He received only 
a common school and academic edu- 
cation. At sixteen he became an as- 
sistant teacher in an institution for 
the blind in New York City ; a year 
later he removed to Buffalo, where he 
studied law; in 1859 he was admitted 
to the bar ; he was appointed district 
attorney of Erie county, and soon 
afterward was defeated for election to 
the same office. In 1870 he was 
elected sheriff of that county and 
held the office for three years ; he was 
elected mayor of Buffalo in 1SS1 , 
governor of New York State in 1882, 
and president of the United States in 
1884, against James G. Blaine; was 
defeated for re-election to the presi- 
dency in 1888 by Benjamin Harrison, 
but was again elected over President 

Harrison in 1892, and his present 
term began March 4, 1893. 

In view of Mr. Cleveland's phe- 
nomenal political successes, it is im- 
possible not to attribute to him intel- 
lectual greatness. During his first 
term as president his message of De- 
cember, 18S7, demanding tariff re- 
duction undoubtedly caused his own 
and his party's defeat in the canvass 
of 1S88. Yet he retained his political 
supremacy during four years in private 
life, was renominated in 1892. and 
again entered the presidential office, 
renewed his demand for tariff legisla- 
tion, and secured the passage of the 
dubious act of August, 1894. Al- 
though his party is overwhelmingly 
in favor of the free coinage of silver 
he has persistently and undauntedly 
opposed its policy. Whatever else 
may be said of him he will never be 
called weak. Whether dealing with 
the tariff, with financial problems, 
with foreign relations, or with appoint- 
ments to office, he has always formed 
and expressed his own opinions and 
enforced his views and decisions in 
the conduct of the executive branch 
of the government. Industrious, self- 
eonndent, persistent, and courageous, 
whatever judgment history may pass 
upon the principal acts of the eight 
years of his iron rule, he will cer- 
tainly stand as the president of greater 
power of will than any of his prede- 
cessors, except one. 

Walter Quinton Gresham of Chi- 
cago, Illinois, secretary of state, was 
born near Lanesville, Harrison 
county, Indiana, March 17, [832; 
was educated in the common schools 
and at the Indiana State University 
at Bloomington ; was admitted to the 
bar on attaining his majority ; was 
elected to the state legislature, but 



before serving his term resigned, in 

the summer of 1861, went into the 
Union army, and was severely 
wounded in battle. He entered as 
lieutenant-colonel, and earned promo- 
tion as colonel and as brigadier-gen- 
eral, and was brevetted major-gen- 
eral for gallantry before Atlanta. 
After the war he resumed the practice 
of law ; ran for congress, but was un- 
successful ; in 1869 was appointed 
United States judge for the district of 
Indiana, from which position he re- 
resigned upon invitation of President 
Chester A. Arthur to become post- 
master-general ; two years later, after 
the death of Charles J. Folger, he 
was promoted to the office of secretary 
of the treasury, and a few months 
thereafter President Arthur appointed 
him United States judge for the 
seventh judicial circuit, which in- 
cluded the state of Indiana. General 
Gresham was before the Republican 
national convention of 1888 for nom- 
ination as the party's candidate for 
the presidency, and, in 1892, the Pop- 
ulist party offered him the nomina- 
tion for president, which he declined. 
A few months subsequently he ac- 
cepted the invitation of Mr. Cleve- 
land to leave the bench and become 
secretary of state. By law, the sec- 
retary of state is next in line of suc- 
cession to the office of president, in 
case of the death, resignation, or in- 
ability of both the president and the 
vice-president. General Gresham, al- 
though born and growing to manhood 
in southern Indiana, was, like his 
father, intensely hostile to slavery 
under circumstances unfa voi able to 
such sentiments. He entered with 
ardor into the war for the Union, 
which destroyed slavery ; he fought 
bravely, and his health is impaired 



on Gresham, Secretary ct State. 

by his honorable wounds ; his per- 
sonal integrity and purity of charac- 
ter are unimpeachable ; he has never 
accumulated any fortune, and he has 
rendered civil sen-ices to his country 
as a United States judge, postmaster- 
general, secretary of the treasury, and 
secretary of state with zeal and 
fidelity unquestioned. He is unas- 
suming in his manners, attractive in 
conversation, and devoted to his per- 
sonal friends who do not fail to recip- 
rocate that friendship under all con- 

John Griffin Carlisle of Covington. 
Ky., the secretary of the treasury. 
was born in what is now Kenton 
county, Ky., September 5, 1835. 
After receiving a common school edu- 
cation he kept a country school and 
afterward taught in the city of Cov- 
ington ; was admitted to the bar in 
his twenty-third year ; was repeat- 
edly elected to the state legislature ; 
was elected lieutenant-governor of 
Kentucky in 1871. and served as such 
four years ; was elected to congress iu 
1877, and served in the house nearly 



fourteen years, six years of which 
time he was the speaker ; he was 
elected to the United States senate 
May 17, 1890, to fill the vacancy 
caused by the death of James B. 
Beck, and was called from the senate 
to become secretary of the treasury on 
March 7, 1893. Mr. Carlisle's title 
to distinction would not be denied 
even without reference to the high 
public offices which he has held. 
His mind is clear, his temper even, 
his manners courteous, and in writing 


bave surrounded the administration, 
unremitting thought and persistent 

Daniel Scott Lamont of New York 
City, the secretary of war. was born 
in Cortlandville, New York, February 
9. 1S51 ; was educated at McGraw- 
ville Academy and Union College, 
Xew York ; was reporter in the 
Xew York legislature ; has been man- 
aging editor and one of the proprie- 
tors of the Albany Argus\ was pri- 
vate secretary and military secretary 
to Governor Cleveland two years ; 
then went to Washington to become 
private secretary to President Cleve- 
land, and served in that capacity with 
notable ease, grace, and ability 
throughout Mr. Cleveland's first term. 
Subsequently, he was successful in 
private business, and upon Mr. Cleve- 
land's inauguration for the present 
term he was given the high and mer- 
ited promotion he now enjoys. As 
private secretary during the first term, 
and as secretary of war during the pres- 
ent term, Mr. Lamont has won golden 
opinions from all who have met him 

John Griffin Carlisle, Secretary of the Treasvy. 

and in speech he has few superiors. 
The department which he conducts 
is the largest and most difficult of all, 
and the burdens upon the physical 
and mental powers of the secrttary 
are too great to be borne by any one 
for any great length of time without 
injury, as the experience of his pre- 
decessors proves. Mr. Carlisle has so 
far well endured the strain. The rou- 
tine work of the various divisions of 
the treasury has been well done ; and 
he has given to the solution of the 
troublesome financial questions which 



Daniel Scott Lamont. Secretary of War. 

2 7 6 


in official or personal intercourse, 
lie has intelligence, acuteness, and 

affability. His knowledge of men 
and things and his tact, natural and 
acquired from much contact with af- 
fairs, enable him to conduct his de- 
partment without friction, and with 
complete success, and also to give 
needed assistance to the president, to 
whom he is, as he should be, zeal- 
ously devoted, in the management of 
other governmental and political com- 
plications. His watchfulness and ac- 
tivity are invaluable to the president 
and to his cabinet associates. 

Richard Olney of Boston, Mass., 
the attorney-general, was born in Ox- 
ford, Mass., September 15, 1S35; was 
graduated at Brown University, 
Rhode Island; in 1856, attended Har- 
vard Law School and was admitted to 
the bar in 1S59, and practiced his pro- 
fession continuously in Boston until 
he entered the president's cabinet, 
March 6, 1S93. Previously Mr. Ol- 
ney had but once held political office, 
as a member of the Massachusetts 
house of representatives in the year 

Ricnard Olney, Attorney-General. 

1S74. He has conducted the depart- 
ment of justice without mistake. He 
has full learning, and great logical 
power, and is an impressive and 
effective advocate. His address on 
March 12, 1895, to the supreme court 
in favor of the constitutionality of the 
income tax of 1S94, was compressed 
within the limit of one hour ; was de- 
livered without reference to notes, 
and was a model of clear, concise, and 
comprehensive statement and argu- 
ment, such as his distinguished Mass- 
achusetts predecessor, Caleb Cushing, 
might have presented, with his won- 
derful gift of analysis and argumen- 
tative power. His later argument be- 
fore the court vindicating the action 
of the executive, under the laws of 
cong;ress regulating interstate railway 
traffic, in preserving the public peace 
through proceedings in the courts. 
was powerful and convincing. As the 
Xew England member of the cabinet 
Mr. Olney has brought new honor to 
his section of the country. 

Wilson Shannon Bissell of Buffalo, 
X. V., the late postmaster-general, 
was born in Xew London, X. Y., 
on December 31, 1847 ; removed with 
his parents to Buffalo when he was 
five years of age ; attended the Buf- 
falo public schools, and graduated 
from Vale University ; began the 
study of law with the firm of which 
Gro-ver Cleveland was a member ; 
afterward became one of his partners, 
and after Mr. Cleveland was elected 
governor of Xew York he became the 
senior member of the firm of Bissell, 
Sicaxd & Goodyear. Mr. Bissell was 
elector-at-large when Mr. Cleveland 
was first elected in 1884, and he has 
served as a member of a commission 
to propose amendments to the judi- 
ciary article of the Xew York state 



constitution, but has a lway s been 
averse to public office and therefore 
resigned from the cabinet April 1, 
1895. Mr. Bissell has been judicious 
and firm in the conduct of his depart- 
ment. The policy of allowing Repub- 
lican postmasters to serve out their 
terms of four years being adopted, he 
has enforced it with firmness and 
courage. The high character of the 
postal service has been maintained; 
and he returns to pri\ _te life and to 
his prosperous law practice with the 

» 9C£ 




Yr .-• 




Wilson Shanr.on Bissell, late Postmaster-General. 

friendship and good will of all who 
have made his acquaintance during 
his official service. 

William L. Wilson of Charlestown, 
West Virginia, the new postmaster- 
general, was born in Jefferson county, 
Virginia, May 3, 1S43; was educated 
at Columbia College, D. C, where he 
was graduated in i860, and also at the 
University of Virginia ; he served in 
the Confederate army ; after the war 
was a professor in Columbia College, 
and later practiced law in Charles- 
town, West Va. He became pre^i- 

William L. Wilson, Postmaster-General. 

dent of the West Virginia University 
in 1S82, but resigned a few months 
after his election to congress in that 
year, and was continuously re-elected 
until he entered the cabinet on April 
1, 1895. He has been prominent in 
politics and was permanent president 
of the Democratic national convention 
of 1892. Mr. Wilson is a man of re- 
finement in appearance ; has ample 
learning and superior oratorical power; 
is sincere, direct, upright, and honor- 
able in his private and public life. 
His devotion to President Cleveland's 
plan of tariff reduction, and his 
championship of the notable bill of 
1S94, bearing his name with several 
others, led to his defeat for re-elec- 
ti >n, and has naturally brought him 
into the cabinet of his great leader, 
where new subjects will engross his 
attention and where his industry, per- 
sistency, courage, and wisely directed 
ability will give him success and rep- 

Hilary A. Herbert of Montgomery. 
Alabama, the secretary of the navy, 
is a South Carolinian by birth, hav- 



Hilary A. Herbert, Secretary of the Navy. 

ing been born at Laurensville, March 
12, 1S34. He removed to Greenville, 
Alabama, when he was twelve years 
of age ; was educated at the univer- 
sities of Alabama and Virginia : was 
practicing at the bar of the supreme 
court of Alabama when the war broke 
out ; was a captain and colonel of the 
Sth Alabama infantry in the Confed- 
erate army, and disabled in the Battle 
of the Wilderness. After the war he 
practiced law at Greenville and Mont- 
gomery until elected to congress in 
1876, and he served continuously in 
the house until March 4, 1893, when 
he was appointed secretary of the 
navy. Mr. Herbert is a good lawyer, 
has been a careful student of the 
wants of the naval service, and is a 
judicious and sensible administrator 
of the department; has shown breadth 
and liberality in his views upon naval 
affairs, and is continuing with ability 
and discretion the construction of 
ships and guns in accordance with the 
unvarying national policy of the last 
twelve years. Whatever doubts may 
have existed as to the wisdom of ap- 

pointing to a military department one 
who had been a Confederate officer 
have been happily dispelled by his 

good judgment and temper and his 
courtesy and tact in dealing with the 
officers of the navy of the Union. 
His record in the department seems 
likely to be highly commendable. 

Hoke Smith of Atlanta, Georgia, 
is the youngest member of the cab- 
inet, and was born in Newton, North 
Carolina, September 2, 1855. His 
descent is from English and New 

Hoke Smith, Secretary of the Interior. 

Hampshire ancestry. Samuel Smith 
of Salisbury, Massachusetts, was the 
father of William Smith who was a 
colpnel in the Revolutionary army and 
moved from Salisbury to Deerfield. 
New Hampshire, in 1773. His son. 
William True Smith, lived and died 
in Deerfield; his son, Hildreth Hosea 
Smith, was born in Deerfield. was 
graduated at Bowdoin College, in 
Maine, about 1S41. and moved to 
North Carolina in 1S52, and took 
charge of a German Reformed col- 
lege at Newton, the birthplace of his 



son, Hoke Smith. Secretary Smith 
wa^ admitted to the bar at the age of 
seventeen and began law practice, 
and was one of the owners and editors 
of the Atlanta Journal \\\\<i\\ he was 
called to Washington by President 
Cleveland. Mr. Smith should be 
favorably regarded by the people of 
New Hampshire because the state 
was his father's birthplace. In his 
personal appearance he resembles Mr. 
Justice William L. Putnam of Maine, 
and also in his agreeable manners. 
Next to the treasury the interior de- 
partment is the most difficult to con- 
duct, owing to the variety and vast 
extent of the subjects to be managed. 
The secretary has given constant at- 
tention to business, and has devel- 
oped administrative ability of a high 

Julius Sterling Morton, the secre- 
tary of agriculture, was born April 
27, 1832, in Jefferson county, X. Y. 
His Scotch-English ancestors came 
to this country in the first vessel after 
the Mayflower, and one of them, 
Nathaniel Morton, became secretary 



of the colony. His family removed 
to Albion, Michigan, when he was a 
child, and he was educated at the 
Ann Arbor University and Union 

College, being graduated from the 
latter. In his early manhood he was 
connected editorially with the Detroit 
Free Press and Chicago Times; in 
1S54 he removed to Bellevue, Ne- 
braska ; later established at his pres- 
ent home the Nebraska City News] 
was twice elected to the territorial 
legislature ; served by appointment 
as secretary of the territory ; ran for 
congress in 1S60 and received the 
certificate of election, but was un- 
seated by the house ; has been four 
times a candidate for governor and 
several times for U. S. senator. He 
is a practical agriculturist and horti- 
culturist ; has contributed largely to 
the literature of those subjects, and 
attained prominence as the promoter 
of the Arbor Day legislation of forty- 
two of the states by which April 22 
is made a public holiday to be given 
to tree-planting. Mr. Morton devotes 
himself unremittingly to the duties of 
his office and performs them with 
ability. At the outset differences 
arose between him and the organized 
grangers of the country, proceeding 
from some of his outspoken utterances 
in a public address. This contro- 
versy has died out, and with his in- 
dustry and energy, and his familiarity 
with the subjects committed to him, a 
successful career in a peculiar and 
difficult department may be confi- 
dent-'}' expected. 

•Julius Sterling Morton, Secretary of Agriculture. 

Finally it may be said that if it is 
of supreme importance that the va- 
rious members of a cabinet should be 
congenial in their relation/ with each 


The Ladies of the Cabinet.— I. Mrs. Gresham. 2. Mrs. Carlisle. 3. Mrs. Lamont. 4. Mrs. Olney. 5. Mrs. Wilson. 

6. Mrs. Bissell 7. Mi« Herbert. 3 Mrx. 9. Miss Morton. 

other so as to make them one united 
and harmonious whole, it is also 
highly desirable that the ladies who 
are the heads of the families of the 
president and his associates should be 
refined, tactful, gracious, and self- 
sacrificing. Mrs. Cleveland's reputa- 
tion for unaffected cordialitv is world 

wide, and if our artist has met with 
any measure of success in reproduc- 
ing the features of the ladies of the 
present cabinet, he would be a bold 
man: who would not admit that they, 
like all their living predecessors, are 
charming examples of the loveliness 
and' amiability of American women- 

By Walter LeMey F°gg* 

Gaze on them, foreign scoffers, — 

These legacies so grand, 
Cast in Columbia's coffers 

By the same all-powered hand 
That led her safe thro' gory 

Fields of strife and seas of tears 
To throne her, bright with °:lorv, 

Virgin queen of all the years ! 

When the founding of our freedom's might 
Was laid upon a rock. 

I Where white gulls took their tireless flight 

Along the ocean's shock. 
These massive guards stood grand, as now, 

Above a peerless land, 
And while the sun bums, God allow 
Thus may they ever stand ! 

Of the granite that is strongly furled 

About their sides, were cast 
The yeomen who amazed the world 

With courage ne'er surpassed: — 
As they proudly rear their heads, sublime, 

Where the hardy eagles fly, 
So up the stretching steps of time 

Does Columbia scale the sky ! 

As they rend the raging storm that pours 

Its wrath around their heads. 
And, defiant, hear the rattling roars 

Where clouds are torn to shreds, — 
So may we stand at the Nation's doors, 

And spurn, with serried steel, 
The foes who step upon our shores 

To crush our fair land's weal! 

But sweet as the airs tha* bring caress 

To the hills from a summer west. 
Soft as the shadow-shapes that press 

In sleep each rugged breast, 
May be the winds of peace which blow 

Around Columbia's head, 
And the thousand rills that brightly flow 

Where once her blood was shed ! 

B«>r- , v- -Cr -■'■•■ — - 

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J* 1 ' 




By Edward A. Jenks. 


Beautiful Queen of the shadowy aisles. 
Lighting their depths with your innocent wiles! 
Wander not far from the whispering tree — 
Adam lies under it dreaming of thee ; — 
Doubt is already disturbing his rest : 
Golden head ! go back and lie on his breast. 

Empress of Hearts the world over, beware ! 
Dangers beset thee — so young and so fair ; — 

Touch not the rosy-red fruit on the bousrh ; 

Rosy-red lips must not taste of it now. 
Eve ! O sweet Mother ! the world is in tears ! 

Yet Hope floats serene down the river of years. 


That massive tree is not more firm of foot 

Than thou art. little Tell! 
Thy father planted thee, and thou 'It stay put — 

The why, thou knowest well. 
The tree and thou art back to back — stand firm ! 

The apple on thy head 
Has an uncertain, doubtful tooting: — squirm, 

And off it rolls, like lead ! 
Cling to the tree ! Stead: : Keep open eyes ! 

When all is done, shout "Ready!" 
Whiz-z-z ! — How that arrow from the stout bow flies 

Thud! — What, done already? 

^Ljsst#& . ■ -SS^^ a Ssil&Sr? ...... 



Litt!^ anrond P >r<j a^d "Th«l K.o*. 


[Illustrated by photographs made by Arthur F. Sturtevant.] 

By Eitward French, J/. D. 

" I shall ^tay him no longer than to wish 
hitn a rainy evening to read this following 
-discourse; and that, if he be an honest 
angler, the east wind may never blow when 
he goes a fishing." — Izaak Walton. 

ideas of what consti- 

%yif tutes"g 

m^W^ are as v; 

think he has done a big thing 


w \ I m 

good fishing ' 

arious as the 

K^^^5 men themselves. One 

^^^*V man is satisfied to 

ff*i&3fj£& take his little sons and 

if^if^sr daughters out to the 

v-j, * HQfl river bank and with the 

seductive angle worm entice three 

or four "broadsides" and soft sided, 

irridescent chubs from the sand bars 

of the river. He, and his family, 


his boy brags to the other boys of 
the piscatorial skill of his dad until 
another holiday comes around, when 
he makes another high water mark, 
with a new offence. The other ex- 
treme is the man who is not satisfied 
with a moderate indulgence in trout, 
but who wants to kill trout for a 
record. He is a degenerate, and is 
as pestilential as the saw mill that 
fills the stream with sawdust. The 
"golden medium" is the desirable, 
and to one of moderate and reasona- 
ble desires the Diamond river country 
offers a golden opportunity. But let 
me say at once that this is not a fish- 
ing ground where the trout are tum- 
bling over each other in eagerness to 
be caught, and that a man has to use 

a fair amount of skill here, as else- 
where. It is al>o as capricious as 
other places, for some years the trout 
bite well, and another year they are 
disappointing. Whether one realizes 
his idea of "good fishing" or not he 
can but be grateful that he came into 
such a picturesque, life-giving region. 
There are large "grants" and town- 
ships in Coos county that are practi- 
cally uninhabited, traversed by larger 
or smaller streams that are the homes 
of the salmo fontinalis, — "the spotted 
princes of the stream." The land is 
covered by thick woods which clothe 
the numerous hills and mountains to 
their topmost pinnacles. Under this 
is a dense cushion of moss a foot 
thick and saturated with moisture. 
This "duff," as the woodsmen call 
it, is an immense sponge that stores 
up water, and, protected as it is from 
the sun by the thick woods, it leaches 
out water all through the dryest year. 
This insures full streams of clear. 
cool water, such as a right minded 
and healthy trout likes to swim in, 
and in such conditions he will put up 
a good fight if hooked by a worthy 

The Diamond river is of less im- 
portance to the angler than its two 
tributaries. It is short, only four 
miles in length, but its first two miles 
are a mad rush and tumble between 
cliffs and giant boulders to the plain 
below. On one side it is crowded 
over by the Diamond peak, to be 


"GOOD F/S///XG. 




Oixv^l.'e Notch. 

pushed back again by Mount Dustan, 
and consequently it is in a foaming 
rage until it is clear of its colossal 
enemies. It is formed at "The 
Forks" by the union of the " Swift " 
and "Dead Diamond" rivers, and 
after its short but rapid life empties 
into the Magalloway at Wentworth's 
Location. It hardly emerges from 
its struggle with the rocks and 
mountains before it broadens out into 
a placid and still hole that has been 
famous for years as "the pool." 
When the sun shone just right — 
usually from three to five on a sum- 
mer afternoon, I have counted fifty- 

seven big fish, from a half pounder to 
five pounders. But, alas! they were 
wise old trout, sachems of their tribe, 
and would not bite. The blowing 
up of the old log dam by lumbermen, 
which made the still, cool eddy, 
swept away "the pool," and its mem- 
ories now stand shoulder to shoulder 
with other fish stories of the past. 

The nearest boarding place to the 
Diamond is " Brown's Farm." an ex- 
ceedingly comfortable and hospitable 
house at Wentworth's Location. If 
ore like^ riding through the moun- 
tains it is a delightful trip from Cole- 
brook to the Location. There is 

good fishing: 

28 7 

first a twenty-two mile drive from 
Colebiook over the hills and through 
Dixville Notch to Errol. When the 
Notch is reached a few minutes can 
be spent in viewing " the flume" and 
"the cascades." These are but a 
few steps from the highway. If an 
hour or two is not lacking, an ascent 
of " Table Rock " will pay the tourist. 
It is near the profile of a second " Old 
Man of the Mountain," that once 
was quite perfect. The face was 
sharp and distinct, surmounted by a 
cap with a visor. Frost has disinte- 
grated the shale so that the cap has 
tumbled into the depths below, but 
the face is still very good. Table 
Rock is an half hour's climb above 
the road, and when on its summit one 
stands 2,soo feet above the sea. The 

view is one of a tangle of "black 
growth," sharp peaks, and glistening 

spots, where some mountain lakelet 
breaks into the dark background of 
woods. It is threaded by the silvery 
course of Clear stream and the Swift 
Diamond, and the broad Androscog- 
gin in the distance. 

From Enrol the journey can be 
made to the Location by another 
drive, but, better still, take the little 
steamer on the Androscoggin at the 
dam and go up this river until the 
Magalloway is reached. The rest of 
the way is on the Magalloway river. 
It is deep and sluggish with low land 
on either side, which overflows in the 
springtime, with dead trees draped in 
gray moss. If one could be sur- 
rounded bv moist, warm air, instead 

Old Mao o' Ui 





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££^- ~_*J ^<^ «-^^rr T ^vc^ «j&^SBL^ t IaUJijlMul, 

The Dead Diamond v?i 

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Oumond Po<~d C»^o 









Hell Ga"e Carr.p. 

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J.J. ... - i — — ^ 



Hen Gi>. 0-. :he 0. i Da>Tor.d. 




: - 

The Swift Diamond River. 

of the mountain ozone, it would be a 
perfect semblance to the Oclawaha in 
Florida. Up the river a few miles is 
Metalluk island, wooded with grace- 
ful elms, and still showing a circle of 
stones where the lodge fire of old Me- 
talluk, the Indian chief, burned for 
over thirty years. He was a chief of 
the St. Reoqs tribe, who ran away 
with another man's squaw. His 
name has been given to many local- 
ities on the Magalloway, and there is 
a Metalluk pond brook, and meadows. 
The latter used to be a famous place 
for moose. 

The ride up the river is charming, 
for the highest mountain of the re- 
gion, Aziscohos, is looming grandly 
and impressively ahead. The boat 
cannot go above the Location, and 
here one is forced to leave the river. 

This is the route one must take to 
reach either the Diamond or the Dead 
Diamond rivers. If the Dead Dia- 
mond is the desired stream, a walk of 
three miles is necessary, — a mile from 
the river to the ford, and then two 
miles up the "tote road" over the 
peak to the forks. If one is to go to 
,4 Hell Gate Camp," at the head of 
the river, it is almost necessary to 
write the proprietor ahead. He will 
then send down a guide with a boat 
to meet the traveler at the forks and 
take him up the eighteen miles of 
river. There has always been good 
fishing near this camp, but in some 
seasons fish have been scarce at the 
lower end of the Dead Diamond near 
the forks. Besides, in the proper 
season, there is good deer hunting 
above the camp. The celebrated 

GOOD fishing: 1 


" Rips," corrupted from "Ripples," 

are near the forks, and formerly fur- 
nished many big trout. Big trout 
would lie here concealed in the rip- 
ples and gobble up smaller fish or the 
spawn of the suckers that became 
loosened and would float down in the 
current. Some pretty fine fish, full 
of nerve and fight, are still taken 
here. On the whole, this branch, the 
Dead Diamond, offers good sport at 
the camp, and some years is full of 
trout its entire course. I have pulled 
trout from this stream as easily as I 
could pick grapes from a trellis, and 
the next season would not get half a 
dozen within ten miles of the forks. 
The Swift Diamond, on the contrary, 
may always be relied upon for a rea- 
sonable number of fair sized trout. 

It is accessible in three ways, — the 
route to the forks just described, or 
from Colebrook by way of Diamond 
ponds, or through a bla/.ed trail from 
Errol by the shores of Bear Brook 
pond. This last should not be at- 
tempted (unless one is skilled in 
woodcraft) without a guide. If one 
fishes up the river from the forks he 
must camp or go back to Brown's 
Farm nights, for there is a stretch of 
thirty miles on this stream without a 
public camp or house. But. oh ! 
what a delightful stream it is, clear, 
cold, sparkling, containing quite a 
volume of water, and always rushing 
and running rapidly down to meet its 
placid sister stream, — the Dead Dia- 
mond. The sister stream flows over 
a plateau and can be canoed over 

Lind /»' ey : 'ond. 

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is EM 

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Near the Fo--.s. 




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r.srerrrer.'c Ca—D. 


GOOD fishing: 


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£ "T , *** S* 

■ •.*-. ' - ■••..-'■ • .». 


» mZ< 

Four-Mile B'ook 


without difficulty except from sand 
bars and shallows. The Swift comes 
from the Diamond ponds between, 
and over, the mountains, always lively 
and rushing, and with not a ten-rod 
stretch of still water from its source 
to its end. Its scenery is beautiful, 
and to the real children of nature, 
those who love her very heart beats, 
it sings a merry song of robust life and 
freedom. Four- Mile brook, one of 
its tributaries, is a long panorama of 
idyllic scenery. Not grand or mag- 
nificent views, but a constant succes- 
sion of pretty pictures, such as would 
illustrate Tennyson or some quiet 

English poet. Good average trout 
are taken out of this stream every 
season and at all times. There is al- 
ways in even.' good fishing country 
some mythical place where the fish 
are phenomenal in size and quantity. 
It is usually described as very inac- 
cessible and its secret approach only 
known to some guide who jealously 
guards its secret. The country east 
of the Swift Diamond, in the vicinity 
of Black mountain, is believed by 
the credulous to hide this ever van- 
ishing paradise of the fisherman. 
Here it is called " Pork Barrel pond," 
because, as a guide told me. "'it was 



as good as a pork barrel to those that 
knew its loeation." I do not believe 

in its existence, and think it is the 
same old fairy tale that springs up 
perennially wherever the sportsman 
goes. The Diamond ponds, ten miles 
from. Colebrook, are the source of 
this stream. There is a good camp 
there where comfortable quarters 
with boats and all things nec- 
essary can be obtained from Mr. 
Noyes, its proprietor. It is the most 
accessible of any 01 che Diamond 
river country, and to one who does 
not care so much for fishing as an 
outing, it offers the most advantages. 
There are many ponds in this region 

that contain trout, some of them very 
big ones, but they are more capri- 
cious in bestowing their favors than 
are the streams. The whole country 
up the Magalloway is good fishing, 
but Lake Parmachenee, and for a 
considerable distance around it. is in 
the control of a syndicate, which, 
while it cannot entirely shut out the 
angler, is yet a giant trout trust that 
controls camps, boats, etc. There is 
plenty of open territory in Coos 
county and the tourist can but be 
pleased and surprised at the beauty, 
pieturesqueness, and " good fishing " 
he can discover for himself in this 
bracing, health giving land of trout. 


By A/yra B. Lord. 

Under the moss and the leaves they lie, 
The buds of the sweet Mayflowers, 

Awaiting the warmth of the springtime sun 
And the pattering April showers. 

The sunshine comes, and the raindrops, too, 
And the wee brown buds unfold 

Till the petals of blushiu 5 pink and white 
Disclose a heart of gold. 

Freed from the husks of this lower earth, 

Some day our souls shall rise, 
And, fair and sweet as the springtime flowers, 

Blossom in Paradise. 


By Edith E. Wiggin, 

"Then longen folks to go on pilgrimages." 
Ever since the time of Chaucer 
this has been as true as it was in his 
day. Not often, indeed, of the sort 
which he describes, entered upon by 

" Full nine and twenty in a company," 

with all the pomp and circumstance 
of prancing steeds with jingling 
bridles and gorgeous trappings, of 
lance and sword and buckles, of 
silken girdles and golden spurs, but 
to shrines as sacred as that of the 
"holy, blissful, martyr," though un- 
dertaken in far humbler gui^e, and 
with no purpose of penance or abso- 

When the sap begins to flow 
through the bare, brown stems of 
the trees, when ever)' twig feels the 
thrill of new life, and is impelled to 
push outward and upward, we, too, 
are conscious of a quickened move- 
ment of the blood in our veins. The 
spirit of the season is upon us, and 
the longing to burst the bars of our 
winter prisons and escape into the 
free, growing world outside, becomes 
too strong to be resisted. 

Most of us country dwellers are 
obliged to seek our "Canterbury'' 
within the limits of the neighbor- 
hood and often within those of the 
farm itself. 

In New England the catkins of the 
pussy willows are the first harbingers 
of spring. When the ' ' pussies ' ' come 
out on the leafless stems, their pink 
skin shining through the soft, gray 

fur, we feel that "the winter is over 
and gone," though snowdrifts may 
cover the fences. Our very earliest 
pilgrimage is across the fields to the 
edge of the woods where the willows 
grow, or down in the hollow where 
they fringe the brookside. We are 
willing to wade through deep snows 
and climb many stone walls, if only 
we may come home with our arms 
full of baby pussies. 

In early spring, when the snow is 
nearly gone from the open ground, 
after crisp, frosty nights come the 
' ' sap mornings ' ' of the sugar makers. 
Now is the time to visit a sugar camp 
in the woods, if we are fortunate 
enough to have one near us. We 
must start early in the morning, for 
when the frozen ground begins to 
thaw there will be no going across 

How fresh and inspiring is the 
frosty air, and the crackling of the 
stiffened grass under our feet is a 
stimulating sound. We wonder how 
anyone can be asleep on such a morn- 
ing, and quote with personal appre- 
ciation Chaucer's own quaint lines of 
rive hundred years ago : 

"The season pricketh every gentle heart. 
And maketh him out of his sleep to 

Was ever nectar of the gods more 
refreshing than the sweet, cold sap 
in the wooden bucket with which we 
quench our thirst at the first maple 
tree ? This one taste makes us more 



eager for what is to follow, and we 
"hasten on to the camp. We can see 
Its blue smoke curling above the 
trees, and a cloud of sugary steam is 
in the air. 

. We are fortunate if we have come 
at the time of sugaring off. No- 
honey of Hymettus could be richer 
than the ungrained sugar poured at 
the right moment on the clean, coarse 
snow we find in shaded hollows 
where the trees are thickest. The 
flavor of the woods is in it, pure, 
sweet, healthful. As we sit on 
mossy logs enjoying the feast, it 
seems as if the whole primitive scene 
might be a celebration in honor of 
some gracious sylvan goddess, and 
the sugar makers, surrounded by 
clouds of fragrant incense, the high 
priests of her sacred grove, pouring 
libations on her altars. 

One of the most alluring pilgrim- 
ages known to my childhood was 
that to the neighboring swamp in 
quest of marsh marigolds. To this 
enterprise we attached unusual im- 
portance for two reasons. Unlike 
most in which we engaged, it had an 
industrial value, for the leaves and 
buds were picked in their infancy, 
long before the yellow blossoms came, 
to be eaten as greens. So strong is 
the power of association that to this 
day a bunch of golden marsh mari- 
golds contains culinary rather than 
poetic suggestions. 

The other reason for the estimation 
in which this high emprise was held 
was its difficulty and danger. The 
swamp became in spring a shallow 
lake, with dark, slippers- logs half 
floating on the water, half embedded 
in the mud. Those of us who had 
the most daring in our composition, 
and the longest rubber boots, de- 

lighted to wade out to these logs, 
balance ourselves on them while we 
pulled up a fine cluster of buds, and 
leap to another log before the first 
had time to turn over. The danger 
of their turning over too quickly and 
precipitating us into the dark water or 
very black mud, gave great zest to 
these gymnastic feats. 

We had read Uncle Tom's Cabin, 
and we christened this water the 
Lake of the Dismal Swamp. We 
often played we were runaway slaves 
hiding from cruel masters, and we 
fervently wished that some night we 
could paddle our light canoe by the 
light of the firefly lamp. 

Later in the spring come the pil- 
grimages for wild flowers : The gay 
hepatica, lighting up the brown hill- 
sides with a blaze of color that 
dazzles our eyes with its suddenness 
no less than with its brilliancy, for 
three days ago not a sign of a bud 
could we find, and now the full- 
opened blossoms cannot be numbered 
for multitude ; the dainty Mayflower, 
best loved of all New England's 
blooms ; the bloodroot, bearing a 
golden treasure in its pure, white 
chalice ; anemones and violets ; and 
the glowing wild columbine, erecting 
its scarlet standard on rocky towers 
and turrets that bid defiance to the 

Wherever the Mayflower grows we 
seldom fail to find the eheekerberrv. 
the brave little plant that has stored 
up its sweetness for us under winter 
snows, and is ready to offer its crim- 
son berries as soon as they disappear. 
Later on it might suffer by compari- 
son with more juicy fruits, but now 
it has no rival, and we eagerly lift 
the weather stained (eaves and enjoy 
the spicy morsels. 


As we set forth on our pilgrimages our fellow-pilgrims, and pour forth a 

to these various beloved shrines, we flood of enchanting melody a^ they 

have no need of knight or squire, and we journey on. each to his own 

clerk or prioress, to beguile the way Canterbury : 
with wonderful tales. The chick-a- 

dee, the bluebird, the robin, and all " And fiery Phoebus rise th np so bright 

., , ,, a 11/1 >* That all the orient laugheth of the sight.'* 

the rest of the small fowles are 

By Kate Sanborn . 

New Hampshire's Daughters meet to-night, — 
With joy each cup is brimmin', — 

We 've heard for years about her men. 
But why leave out the wimmin? 

In early days they did their share 

To git the state to goin', 
And when their husbands went to war, 

Could fight or take to hoein'. * 

They bore privations with a smile, 

Raised families surprising 
Six boys, nine gals, with twins thrown in, — 

Oh, they were enterprisin'! 

Yet naught is found their deeds to praise 

In any book of hist'ry ; 
The brothers wrote about themselves, 

And — well, that solves the myst'ry ! 

But now our women take their place 

In pulpit, court, and college, 
As doctors, teachers, orators, 

They equal men in knowledge. 

And when another history 's writ 
Of what New Hampshire 's done 

The women all will get their due, 
But not a single son. 

But, no, on sober second thought, 

We lead, not pose as martyrs, 
We '11 give fair credit to her sons 

But not forgit her Darters. 

iRead before the Daughters of New Hampshire, Boston. April i^». 


By Milo Benedict. 

The presents that are said to have 
been given by Phalaris, a Greek 
prince, to his physician, would 
appear as a mere trifle besides the 
presents I have so often wished I 
could donate to a certain British 
soldier whom I do not know, whose 
name I have never heard, and whom 
I have seen only once in my life. 

Before the reader can estimate the 
munificence of my wish I must first 
enumerate the gilts bestowed by 
Phalaris upon his physician, Poly- 
cletus by name, which I find re- 
corded by DeQuincey . They were 
these : Four goblets of refined gold, 
two silver bowls of unrivalled work- 
manship, ten couple of large Theric- 
laean cups, twenty young boys for 
slaves, ,£1,500 in ready money, be- 
sides a pension for life equal to the 
highest salaries of his generals and 
admirals, — mere nothing, I say, com- 
pared with the value of the gifts I 
have so often desired to send the 
British soldier I have in mind, as a 
token of my everlasting gratitude to 

But that, after all. is an idle wish, 
aud worse than idle ; for if indeed I 
could command the utmost wealth 
obtainable in money or jewels and 
could bestow it on whomsoever I 
pleased, I should be seriously upsett- 
ing the order of nature, and my exis- 
tence would probably soon become a 
burden to envious anarchists who, no 
doubt, would try to settle my estate 
among themselves by blowing me up, 

as they try to equalize the wealth of 
a nation by blowing up its govern- 
ment buildings. 

I am always pleasantly reminded 
of my soldier whenever I look across 
the room to the bookshelf and see a 
volume of DeQuincey in a red bind- 
in g. There is no special connection, 
however, between DeQuincey himself 
and my recollections. It is simply 
the ^ed binding that invariably su^- 
gesits the dazzling bright red coat the 
sokdier wore, which to this day is as 
bri ght in my memory as the image of 
the sun himself. I regret to notice 
jus* now that the cover of my book is 
gradually fading into a dingy pink — 
a s&ade which the soldier wouldn't 
tolerate for a moment on his back, 
which assuredly the British nation 
wouldn't tolerate either. But it 
matters little so long as my memory 
does u't follow suit. 

Tlie event which is the subject of 
this little paper occurred when I was 
but; twelve years old. I was then mak- 
ing: a tour of portions of the Old Coun- 
try with my uncle, who is now dead. 
We had been in London two weeks. 
We had spent the whole of our avail- 
able time in systematic sightseeing. 
My uncle studied carefully the guide 
books and the daily papers for infor- 
mation with regard to the most fav- 
orable days for visiting the great 
places of interest. On such a day 
^■remtioned perhaps in the news- 
paper) the Queen would be absent 
from Windsor. Accordi 112: 1 v we 



would make ourselves ready to take 
advantage of her absence and look 
through the castle ; visitors, of course, 
being denied admittance when she is 
there. On another day we should 
visit Buckingham Palace. Then 
there were the best days for visiting 
Westminster Abbey, where we heard 
Canon Farrar, St. Paul's, the Ken- 
sington and the British Museum, the 
National Gallery, the Parliament 
Buildings, the Royal Botanical Gar- 
dens at Kew, Crystal Palace, the 
drive out Tottenham Court Road, 
Hyde Park, and the Zoological gar- 
dens at Regent's Park. 

It was at the ' ' Zoo ' ' that my 
uncle was treated so uncivilly by a 
llama, or South American camel. 
The little episode I cannot skip over. 
We had spent a good share of a 
morning: looking at the animals and 
were about taking our leave when 
my uncle looked around and saw a 
beautiful llama in a wire pen. 

Having a kind heart for all dumb 
creatures and a particular pride in 
noting this admirable specimen from 
America, my uncle went to the res- 
taurant to buy some delicacy for the 
animal. He looked over the victual- 
ler's stock in trade and finding a nice 
sponge cake which he fancied would 
be highly acceptable to the fastidious 
llama, he bought the whole of it and 
had it cut into several large slices, and 
then returned to the pen where the 
llama was standing with his ears 
bent forward as if in expectation of 
something. My uncle opened the 
paper containing the cake and took 
out the largest slice and handed it to 
the llama with an air of affection. 
He took the whole of it into his 
mouth and then half closed his eyes 
and began to chew contentedly. 

while he beat the ground at intervals 
with his hoof to disturb some irritat- 
ing fly. He chewed and chewed 
until the cake was reduced to a fine 
paste, then raising his head he drew 
in a breath and witli a terrific cough 
blew the entire contents of his mouth 
into my uncle's face. My uncle wis 
a sight to behold, as can easily be 
imagined. His gold-bowed specta- 
cles were loaded with the mixture, 
as also was his white beard, portions 
of his coat and his majestic silk hat, 
which had to be discarded that morn- 
ing for a new one. One of the 
keepers who was standing near was 
convulsed with laughter, and the 
gate-tender informed my uncle that 
the llama had behaved in that man- 
ner many times to strangers, it being 
one of his freaks. The gate-tender 
was of the opinion that if my uncle 
had not stood immediately in front of 
the animal he would not have blown 
the cake out of his mouth. But. like 
the heathen Chinee, the llama is 

We observed all the available days 
for si^ht-seeing, and there happened 
no accidents to upset any of our 
plans . My head was full of the 
wonders and the magnificence that I 
saw, and it is a pleasure to find that 
the impressions made upon my mind 
have strengthened rather than faded 
in tbe years that have followed that 
gold-_:i age. 1 believe a boy or girl 
get- more good from sight-seeing 
thai a grown person. The aged 
cannot possess the world as the youth 
can. A matured person generally 
catches what pleases his fancy, what 
he sets out with determination to see. 
and his impressions are colored and 
modified by the warp or bias of his 
character. But the youth being soft* 



30 ^ 

pliant, impressionable, spreads him- 
self in every direction, absorbs all he 

sees, pries into even.' nook and cor- 
ner, keeps his eyes wide open and 
multiplies his interests with his 

I had seen so much in our two 
weeks that my head was brim full of 
pictures which frequently returned at 
night with such vividness as to hinder 
me from sleep. But there was no 
ennui such as older people exper- 
ience from an excess of sight-seeing. 
Every morning I was ready to start 
afresh with my uncle on any excur- 
sion he had planned the night before, 
and I always hoped the excursion 
would include a ride through the 
underground railway. That was a 
wonderful and mysterious thorough- 
fare with gas-lighted stations and 
little openings along the line where 
the real light of day could break 
through. But even that never 
seemed quite natural until after a 
half hour's ride we were brought into 
the open country be\*ond the tunnel. 

Our last excursion in London, 
however, did ' not include a trip by 
way of the underground railway. We 
were simply to step into a cab at the 
hotel entrance and drive to the Lon- 
don Towtr, and "do " the Tower, as 
the phrase is. 

A cab was called. It was a bright 
morning, bright at least for London, 
and it was decided that after we had 
"done" the Tower we would go to 
Holborn's for lunch and spend the 
rest of the afternoon on the Thames 
on one of those little steamboats that 
drop their smokestacks in order to 
pass under the bridges. When we 
reached the street leading to the 
Tower, our cab-man jumped down 
and let us out and told us we would 

have to walk the rest of the way. We 
found there were thousands of people 
all going towards the Tower, and the 
street was full of people. My uncle 
said to me, " I'm sorry there's such 
a crowd here today, but you stick 
close by me and I guess we'll get 

For a while I succeeded, but as the 
crowd became more compact I lost 
hold of my uncle's hand and was 
pushed out of his reach, and it was 
not long before my uncle was out of 
sight in the dense crowd ahead. In 
the course of my progress, which was 
about equal in speed to that of a 
glacier, my feet were trodden upon, 
my ribs got punched, my hat brushed 
off, and people grew rough without 
apologizing. I soon became very 
humble and serious, for I began to 
suffer fatigue and painful discomfort. 
The crowd squeezed me tighter and 
tighter, and my head came just where 
there was the least room for it. Sud- 
denly I became very lonely. Strange 
as it may seem, I felt more desolate 
and forsaken than I ever felt in the 
bleakest wilderness. Oh, for a lad- 
der which would let me into the sky ! 
In my despair the bitter regrets that 
came over me for having set foot off 
my dear native land — re-ally it is here 
impossible to make any adequate ex- 
pression of that. 

The idea of crossing the ocean to 
our mother country to meet an igno- 
minious death in a London street on 
a warm, beautiful day, did not then 
occur to me as ludicrous. It was a 
very serious and sorrowful thought. 
Every step in advance was a step 
toward the limit of my endurance 
which was nearly reached. I caught 
glimpses now and then of the top of 
a tall post which marked the entrance 



to the open court into which the 
dense body of visitors was passing 
one by one through a little gate like 
drops of sap from a tree. But I 
didn't know then that the post 
marked the extent of the crowd. If 
I had I should have taken courage 
by it. I supposed the crowd ex- 
tended all the way through the Tow- 
er, and the very thought of it made 
me sick and gave me a trembling 
of my knees. I did n't want to 
die in the Tower, and I knew it 
wouldn't add anything to the interest 
of. English history if I did. Never 
in my life had I been so utterly 
miserable, nor have I since. Cer- 
tainly I did not dream that my in- 
creasing abomination of England and 
all her colonies was soon to be con- 
verted into something like filial affec- 
tion and adoration, and that indeed 
she was to succor me in this extrem- 
ity by veritably handing me a ladder 
from the sky by which I should find 
my escape from the sickening fate 
that seemed so inevitable. 

But this is what England did for 
me : I had nearly lost my natural 
volition and had reached that point 
when I was ready to drop and be 

trampled upon, when a large, broad- 
breasted British soldier, in a bright 

red coat and with a towering black fur 
cap, looked down into my tearful face 
and exclaimed, " Well, my little man, 
that's pretty hard for you, isn't it?" 
And he reached down and took me 
under his arms and lifted me Up and 
sat me on his shoulder. I put one 
arm around his neck, and he held one 
hand over my feet to keep them from 
hitting other people's heads, and 
there I sat, the happiest, freest per- 
son in the whole street. 

I do not think England could have 
done more for me under those circum- 
stances. I surely felt that she had 
sent her tallest and most valiant sol- 
dier to my aid. 

In about ten minutes more we were 
at the little gate and passed through 
into the large, roomy court. There 
the soldier let me down on my feet, 
and all I could do for him was simply 
to say, '"You are very, very good, sir, 
and I thank you very much indeed." 

"You are entirely welcome," he 
replied, smiling, and then asked : 

"Where is your home?" and I 
answered indefinitely, ' ' In the United 

By Willis Edarin Hurd. 

A vast amount of unclaimed litera- 
ture exists beneath the rugged veil of 
our New Hampshire scenery. The 
spirit of romance hovers in the sun- 
beam that bathes, in its warm and 
soothing limpidity, the gentle hill- 
sides and the bold granite cliffs; it 
plays with a murmur stifled to the 

ordinary ear amid the sombre shades 
or golden shadows of our rich tem- 
perate forests ; it smiles upon the 
happy valleys and charming meadows 
that bask in the ardent glances of 
Surya, the sun-god, in whose honor 
were composed the most beautiful 
hvmns of the Sanserifs; in the rustle 



■of every leaf, in the song of every 
bird, in the creaking brandies of 
every pine, in every strain of genius 
that uplifts from the poet's fine- 
stringed lyre still flits that shadow — 
that delicious breath of romance. 
Who would so cling to the sordid, 
matter-of-fact commonalities of the 
too worldly earth as to be unable 
from the very grossness of spirit, to 
catch the slightest note or movement 
of that airy vision which floats con- 
tinually before the eyes of even- lover 
of Nature ? There are many. Few 
can be Thoreaus or Thompsons. 

A youth, wandering in the glow of 
his own richly tinted imagination, 
stepped from a small farm-house in 
one of the loveliest towns of the state, 
and, still attracted by his glimmering 
thoughts, that preceded him like little 
will-o'-the-wisps, slowly sauntered 
across the fields, and through the 
happy but sluggish woods that bor- 
dered many a tract of dark-brown 
soil. His head was bent in seem- 
ingly careless thought, but his mind 
was stirred deeply by the prospect of 
some new and wonderful discovery 
which might be found in this little 
explored section. 

" Father tells me," he muttered to 
himself, "that our Sugar river has 
washed traces of gold before the eye 
of some older settler, and why not to 
me ? Mr. Richardson informs us that 
not many years ago a party of In- 
dians retreated over a hill near by, 
and thus eluded the grasp of our pur- 
suing townsmen. If I could but find 
something new, that would be indeed 
a source of happiness. Tu be sure, I 
was one of the first to gaze upon the 
strange countenance of that wonder- 
ful boulder which looks so like that 
giant elephant, the mammoth, that 

once may have roamed here as free 
as the wind's breath, but that is not 
enough : — I must find something 
grand myself." 

As he thus soliloquised, the sun 
smiled upon him in so friendly a 
manner that our youth of fancy felt 
the restraint of civilization become 
less and less, until he completely 
abandoned himself to reflections not 
half so fantastic as were once dreamed 
by the semi - spiritual Hawthorne, 
pinned to the sacred groves of nature 
and his vivid imagination. 

Soon a delightful somnolence crept, 
little by little, upon him, and he lay 
beneath a pine whose moving needles 
whispered queer tales into his yet 
crude ears. Once he felt sure that he 
heard an audible voice, but on look- 
ing around no human shape met his 
eyes, and he again turned the wheel 
that set his animated mental ma- 
chinery in motion. A second time 
the voice spoke to him, but so dream- 
ily that it interrupted not, but rnther 
seemed to mould itself into the fine 
action of his delicate machine. 

" New Hampshire boy," it seemed to say, 
"Throw fact and fiction far away ; 
D ream, but not on unreal things, 
Though gold to Nature Fancy brings. 
Explore thine own fields o'er and o'er, 
For new things e'en., are by thy door. 
The master bids me leave, and fly 
To mine own airy realms. Good bye."' 

With a start his lightest dreams 
winged away and resumed their 
eihereal lives among the vague 
v. reaths and uncertain draperies of 
cloudland. Yet imagination hovered 
like summer heat where the unex- 
plored meadows and uncultivated 
fields lay beneath its influence. High 
Up above, the great sphere of light, 
winking as though from its own in- 



tolerable blaze, gazed down upon the 
calm scene, made more quiet by its 
noon siesta. 

The young man once more forced 
himself upon his feet, and looked 
steadfastly for a moment at the rest- 
ing landscape. " I must find what 
my good fairy- told me search might 
reveal," he murmured. 

While he proceeded on his quest, 
none need exclaim : ' ' Bosh ! that is 
all vapor ! Such strange voices are 
not heard except in half mythological 
history ! " For there they are wrong. 
They lack the fine, conceptive chords 
that rebound to the touch of a higher, 
more sensitive fancy. As we follow 
this boy let us regard him only as 
ourselves seeking what has not been 

He was inwardlv reflecting:, near 
that invisible stream which bears the 
thoughts dropped into its bosom to 
the shores of eternity, how many 
great discoveries are made myster- 
iously — often by accident, rather than 
design. As he wandered, scarcely 
heeding his steps, unless some obsta- 
cle brought them to his recollection, 
his foot fell upon a flat stone that sent 
up a hollow, though scarcely audible; 
sound. The noise seemed to ring 
into his very soul, however, and 
whisper: "You have found me." 
"Yes, and my search ends,'' spoke 
the youth joyfully. He stooped and 
examined the rock attentively. It 
lay in such a position that the ap- 
pearance was almost as if the hand 
of man now lay upon it, ready at the 
magic signal to uplift, and reveal its 
hidden treasures. Once he felt that 
he heard a bubble under the rocky 
door, but it ceased as it came, re- 
minding him of a last sigh that might 
emanate from the genius of a secret 

place. "I will lift it," said he in 'a 
low whisper, — for a certain awe 
came over him. He tugged at the 
great stone, but his unaided powers 
were insufficient to start the vision- 
haunted thing from its long resting 

Seeing the futility of his efforts, he 
swiftly left the spot, and lightly sped 
home to his dinner. The pre-oc- 
cupied air that surrounded him, led 
the father to remark upon the boy's 
unwonted abstraction, but the mother 
reassured him in her maternal way, 
ancl he refrained from a close ques- 

After the meal, the youth with 
spade and iron bar returned to the 
great flat stone. Carefully digging 
away a few of the surrounding clods, 
he inserted the pry, and attempted to 
expose the secret. The heavy door 
suddenly yielded to the magical 
sesame, but returned to rest on the 
removal of the uplifting force. The 
boy's heart beat rapidly from its 
golden spray of enthusiasm. The 
supreme moment had arrived for the 
loss or realization of his hopes. He 
braced for a final effort. The stone 
slowly left its bed of a century. 
The unwieldy thing remonstrated, in 
its rough scraping language, at the 
violation of its long peace. As it 
moved a tinkling sound came up to 
the youth's excited ear. "It is the 
gold!" he spoke fiercely. "That 
sound would come from nothing 
else!" A narrow crack became 
visible. Slowly it widened. "A 
treasure cave! a treasure cave!" 
was the hurried explanation. An- 
other push and a flood of light 
gushed into the opening, and filled 
its darkest recess. The moment be- 
fore saw an intensely eager look shine 



upon the boy's face, the moment after 
behekl the sudden rush of a great dis- 
appointment clouding the former glow. 

" O Fancy! " cried the youth, "art 
thou then in vain — as impotent as 
the bubble I heard but now ! My 
poor deluded hopes ! " 

But his fancy held not a fruitless 
hope; for when the dislodged earth 
had quietly settled, a clear, beautiful 
spring, fresh as the dawn, slept 

placidly in its long accustomed bed. 
Nor was its usefulness kept to itself; 

tor years afterward its mineral waters 
were sought for their gentle medici- 
nal value. Hopes were shattered for 

one being, but to man}' others new 
ones were builded from its ruins; 
and in his matured age the discoverer 
of the old Indian spring never re- 
gretted the downfall of his youthful 

[Note. — In the history of Newport, X. II., it is recorded that a spring found on the farm of Mr. 
Harmon Richardson, and protected by a large flat rock, was opened by an enthusiastic youth in 
the hopes of finding a treasure. The waters of the spring were valuable in cases of blood poison- 
ing. There is no doubt that it was once used by the savages in Newport's aboriginal history] 



[Translated from the German of Hans Werder. \ 

By Agatha B. E. Chandler. 


therefore given 

fcj j jg^^s^^ypo HE year 1760 began 
.-/ as its predecessor 
had ended, with 
heavy snow and 
terrific cold : all 
idea of a winter 
campaign had been 
up and both armies 
were going into winter quarters. 
The Baireuth dragoons were daily 
expecting orders to settle down in 
Coszdorf, where they were to spend 
the winter in company with the 
Sohinettau cuirassiers. The prospect 
of a quiet time was hailed with joy 
by officers and men alike. 

11 What will become of our lady of 
the regiment, Reutlingen ; will she 
accompany us to Coszdorf?" the 

captain was asked by his comrades, 
for as yet he had been unable to get 
leave to take her to his home. 

"I don't know yet," he answered 
as he went out to seek his wife. 

The little chambermaid left the 
room as he entered, for he had once 
said to her: "When I visit your 
mi^re.^s I wish you to leave the room, 
litt"- Annette ! " and this command 
she obeyed with pleasure. She now 
crcs-ed over to Ferdinand's room, 
where she always found a friendly 
welcome awaiting her such as the 
captain would have been very glad to 
receive from his wife. 

Reutlingen greeted Ulrike with a 
formal bow and then took his cus- 
tomary seat at the table opposite her. 



''I hope that my plans will suit 
you, my dear lady," he began. 
41 Bulow has granted me leave for 
three days and I will have the honor 
of accompanying you to Steinhovel. 
We will start early tomorrow morn- 
ing and I will drive you myself in the 
little sleigh. Annette and Ferdinand 
will follow us in another with the 

Ulrike bowed her head in assent. 

" We must start by eight o'clock 
at the latest," he continued after a 
short pause, "for our way to my 
home is very long. I fear the jour- 
ney will be a very tiresome one, still 
you will find plenty of rest and re- 
freshment at the end of it." 

Again the silent assent and this 
time it angered him. 

" Have you then no other answer 
for me than this silent bowing of the 
head ? Why do you never speak to 
me ? You can make yourself so 
agreeable to others, you are so 
friendly with my comrades, but you 
have never opened your lips to me 
since I returned from Freiberg and 
received your final consent to our 
marriage. What have I done to de- 
serve this treatment ? ' ' 

Ulrike fully appreciated the justice 
of this reproach. She had no cause 
for complaint against him, he had 
done nothing to make her repent 
having married him. 

He rose suddenly, pushing back 
his chair in his quick, rough way, 
and stepped to the window. Silently 
he gazed through its frost spangled 
panes into the village street below, 
only showing his excitement by 
nervously stroking his moustache. 
Ulrike looked at him anxiously and 
saw that she had angered him. Had 
he not kept his word? Could any of 

the others, all of whom she regarded 
as good friends, have been : 
courteous and chivalrous than he? 
Certainly not, for it seemed that he 
had been more devoted to her service 
than any of them, and the respectful 
way in which he always addressed 
her as "my dear lady " was forcibly 
impressed upon her mind. 

"What shall I say to you, Herr 
von Reutlingen ? " she began sud- 
denly with an effort. "All your 
plans are good — I will get used to it 
after a while." 

He turned toward her as she spoke. 

" Not a word about your happi- 
ness ? — could you not get used to 
speaking to me ? If you could, your 
fear of me would soon disappear." 

Ulrike shook her head. He stood 
close beside her and looked down 
upon her. 

" You will not do it? No; I am 
sure of it already. Well, then, look 
at me for a moment. Not that, 
either. Am I not worthy of a single 
glance ? " 

Ulrike bent her head to one side. 

"What does it matter whether I 
look at you or not ? ' ' 

Reutlingen hesitated a moment and 
then laughed. 

" Pardon me, my dear lady ; my 
request was contrary to our agree- 
ment. I will trouble you no longer. 
Good day. Tomorrow morning at 
eight o'clock." 

Punctually the next morning he 
wis before the door with the sleigh, 
but his blue eyes had an expression of 
sharp displeasure in them resembling 
the cold winter sky that stretched 
above. He quietly lifted Ulrike into 
the sleigh and bundled her up in 
the great fur robe with care. 

"Good-bye, Hertzburg; take care 


that the troop doesn't run wild while 

I am away." 

"That I will, Captain; and hadn't 
I better keep a tight rein on Wolf 

" You know* what to do." 

Away went the sleigh, and soon the 
village with its little houses and chim- 
neys lay behind them, while ahead was 
only the lifeless snow covered couutry 
from whence blew a sharp wind that 
raised the dry snow in clouds behind 
them. A crow followed the sleigh 
screaming loudly, a black speck upon 
the white plain, but the jingling 
sleighbells drowned the voice of the 
ill omened bird. 

Ulrike leaned back silently in the 
sleigh, absorbed in the ever chang- 
ing scenery around her, seeing in its 
coldness and desolation the loneliness 
and chill in her own heart. The 
captain also sat silently by her side. 
The wind blew the smoke from his 
meerschaum pipe back over his head, 
his moustache was white with frost, 
and upon his forehead was an un- 
pleasant frown. Now and then he 
would ask politely after his com- 
panion's comfort, and when answered 
gratefully and quietly, would relarjse 
into silence. Hour after hour flew 
by. The noonday rest was a thing 
of the past, and already the even- 
ing shadows had begun to lengthen 
across the snowy landscape 

11 Shall we put up at that cottage 
there ? " asked Reutlingen, " or have 
you the courage to ride an hour 
longer? The longer we- ride today 
the shorter the journey tomorrow, 
and our home will be reached all the 

" Then we will go on," answered 
Ulrike unhesitatingly. " Your plans 
are always good." 

"What makes you think that?" 

he asked. 

" This journey has taught me 

He turned his head towards her. 

" Can you give no other reason, my 
dear lady ? ' ' 

Again she gave no answer. The 
horse snorted and shook his mane, 
the whip cracked, and on flew the 
sleigh again. 

They stopped for the night at a 
country inn, where the pine torches 
burning in the large room threw a 
dim light over a group of Prussian 
sergeants and corporals who sat 
around the table smoking or lay upon 
the benches by the stove, all with big 
stone mugs near them. At the cap- 
tain's entrance they all sprang up 
and the noise ceased. Ulrike rested 
more heavily upon Reutlingen s arm 
and gazed quietly upon the pleasant 
picture ; Prussian soldiers had long 
ceased to terrify her, and she knew 
that she had nothing to fear from 
them . 

The hostess came bustling in and 
placed herself at their service. In 
few words, as was his manner, the 
captain asked for a clean, warm room 
for his lady and her maid, and the 
old woman, with many apologies, 
opened the door to a comfortable 
chamber. Reutlingen glanced quick- 
ly around and then went to care for 
his horse. 

Ulrike entered the room, in which 
a large tile stove poured forth a flood 
of heat. Near it was a table and a 
large chair. 

" You must sit down and rest, my 
dear lady," said Annette. "I will 
look out for everything." 

She tripped busily hither and 
thither and soon went out to order a 



warm supper* In the meantime 

Rcutlingcii returned. Ulrike heard 
his firm voice and his sharp step as 
he neared the door, which he opened 
quietly and entered. lie glanced 
quickly around the room and then 
his gaze rested upon herself; she 
looked so sweet and pretty in the 
great arm chair with her checks rosy 
red from her cold drive and the warm 
room, but her eyes were turned 
shyly away from him. 

He threw himself upon the bench 
by the stove very near her, rested 
his arm upon his knee and gazed at 

" Xo glance and no word, of 

course?" said he. "You will per- 

v mit me to stay here though, I hope. 

for the company out there doesn't 

interest me." 

" I hope you will stay," answered 
Ulrike politely: "Annette has gone 
to order supper and I hope you will 
share it with me." 

" You are very gracious. I have 
never before heard so long a sentence 
from you, ' ' he remarked with a joking 
sharpness which brought on silence 
again. Then Annette appeared with 
an enticing omelette, some cold meat, 
bread and cheese, and a warm drink, 
which latter the captain especially 
enjoyed. She then bowed pleasantly 
and keeping her promise went back 
to Ferdinand, for she had no thought 
beyond serving her master and mis- 

They soon finished their meal and 
Reutlingen refilled his glass, his 
glance now and then resting upon 

" Have you never laughed in all 
your life, my dear lady? " he asked, 
suddenly. "It is terrible. Why are 
you always so gloomy? " 

"You have only seen me under 
unpleasant circumstances when I 
have nothing to make me happy." 
she answered stiffly. 

"Have courage now, then." said 
he. "Tomorrow at this time you will 
be at Steinhovel and there it will be 
pleasant for you and you will be rid 
of me. I wonder if you will learn 
how to laugh again then ? " 

" So then tomorrow at this time we 
shall be at our journey's end?" she- 
asked timidly. 

" Yes, will you be happy at Stein- 
hovel i> " 

" Certainly." 

"It is of course a great honor to 
the old house, too." 

She looked at him questioningly. 

' ' Are they prepared for our arrival 
at Steinhovel ? Do they expect us ? " 

"Of course. I wrote my brother 
that I was bringing home a young 
wife to the house and that the rooms 
must be in readiness for her. Then 
you must put up with my brother's 
company for some time ; but he is no 
1 wild Reutlingen ' ; you will like him 
better than you do me." 

Ulrike looked at him with a shy, 
questioning glance. Did he hope his 
brother would please her better than 
lie did himself ? 

He understood her look and her 

" Yes," he said defiantly, " I don't 
think you will mind him. But tell 
me, my dear young lady, would you 
prefer to have some one else sitting 
here in my place; if, for instance, 
you had married Eickstadt? " 

Ulrike turned her pained face away 
from him. 

"That is impossible. Herr von 
Eickstadt is my friend, and he love^ 
another, a young lady who lives near 



Steiuhovel. and to whose friendship 
he has commended me. 

"Susanna von Techow ; I know. 
But then, another of my comrades? 
Norrman, the pretty Zobeltitz, or 
Hertzberg ? " 

"None of them; they would all 
terrify me." 

"All terrible alike," he repeated. 
"You are wonderfully frank, my 
dear lady. May I ask what kind of 
a man would not appear terrible to 
you? Perhaps there is some one in 
whom you are interested. How 
about this cousin von Trautwitz ? " 

" No, no one. Why this exami- 
nation, Herr von Reutlingen ? You 
should have asked these questions 
before you bound me to you." 

She looked him full in the face 
with the glance he had but yesterday 
begsred for. Xow it was fdled with 

" Have you already felt the weight 
of your fetters?" he asked, his brow 

"How can I help it? I must feel 
them whenever I think of them." 
He sprang up roughly. 

" I really don't think you can 

blame me for that. Haven't I kept 
my word to you? You shouldn't 
force me to remind you of these 

Ulrike did not answer. She still 
looked down, and the color came and 
went in her charming face. He stood 
before her and watched her. 

"There is no need for you to 
reproach me," he said at last. " You 
are tired and wish me to be anywhere 
but here. Shall I leave you, my 
dear lady ? M 

"Where can Annette be?" she 
said, looking about her restlessly. 
He drew himself up with a laugh. 

"I will send her to you, don't 
worn*; and may you sleep well. 
Your servant will find a place before 
your door, and watch over your 
safety. I hope that this knowledge 
will not also be as fetters to vou." 


Karly the next morning the jour- 
ney was resumed, and as the sun was 
nearing the western horizon and 
shedding its pale red light over the 
snowy fields the}' emerged from the 
forest of firs through which they had. 
been riding, and saw before them a 
pretty village, to the right of which 
stood a stately mansion with a high 
roof and many irregular windows. 

"That is Steinhovel," said Reut- 
lingen in a low voice, sighing as he 
spoke, for this was his first homecom- 
ing since his mother's death. Ulrike 
saw the imprint of his sad memories 
upon his face. 

They neared the house, passing 
over a little brook and through a 

shady gateway overhung with dark 
clustering ivy, and finally halted 
before the door, which was immedi- 
ately opened. The powdered head 
of an old man was seen within, and 
soon he appeared bowing deeply. 
He was clad in, the livery of a butler, 
with buckled shoes. 

"It is really he, mein Gott, it is 
really he ! " 

"Yes, indeed, it is I," cried Reut- 
lingen, springing from the sleigh and 
throwing the reins to the hostler who 
was standing near. A slender brown 
and white hunting dog rushed 
through the door by the old but- 
ler and sprang upon its master with 
a loud howl of joy. The latter 



caressed the happy beast with his 
left hand, while the right was given 
in friendly grasp to the old servant. 
Then he turned suddenly around to 
Ulrike, who had risen in the sleigh 
and allowed the heavy furs to fall 
from her shoulders. Slender and 
beautiful she looked as she stood 
there in her dark travelling dress. 

Reutlingen clasped her with his 
strong arm, lifted her out, and car- 
ried her over the threshold into the 

"Welcome to your new home, 
Ulrike," he said, calling her by her 
name for the first time ; and then, 
turning to the servant : l< This is my 
wife, Ferdinand; I think she will be 
a kind mistress to you. I have 
brought your son with me ; he comes 
in a second sleisrh with vour ladv's 

Old Ferdinand was still busy stam- 
mering out his good wishes to his 
master when a door opened at the 
top of the broad, heavily carved 
oaken stairs, and a voice called out 
to know who was there. 

"I am here, Heinz. Will you come 
down?" Reutlingen called back. 

The other obeyed. It was the 
younger brother, who was at home 
recovering from the wounds received 
at Kunersdorf, a young fellow of 
slender, graceful figure, who resem- 
bled his brother but slightly, and 
who after long confinement in his 
room looked pale and sickly. 

"How are you, old fellow?" ex- 
claimed the elder brother in loving 
greeting. "You look miserable 
enough, though. Greet your sister. 
My brother Heinz, my dear wife." 

"This is a great pleasure, my dear 
sister," he said, kissing her hand 
gallantly. "You must have had 

great courage to give your hand to 
this wild fellow. You have already 
been married several weeks, he wrote ; 
have you not regretted it yet?" 

"That is a most indiscreet ques- 
tion, my dear brother," replied Ulrike 
with enforced gayety. "If I did 
regret it how could I confess it to 
you ? ' ' 

They conducted her up the broad 
easy stairs to the large, warm, com- 
fortable sitting-room which lay in the 
middle of the house. A bright fire 
cracked and snapped in the big lire- 
place, a soft rug covered the hard- 
wood floor, and dainty curtains hung 
at the Windows. This homelike 
room was furnished in antique carved 
furniture of dark stained oak, and a 
soft and pleasant light fell upon the 
scene from the wax candles in the 
silver candelabra. 

"How beautiful it is here!" ex- 
claimed Ulrike, looking slowly about 
her; "how charming and how com- 
fortable ! Oh, how long it seems 
since I have seen such a comfortable 
room ! I really believe I have never 
seen anything so beautiful ! " 
- "I am delighted that your home 
pleases you, Ulrike," responded the 
captain quietly. "But where is 
Lore? Why doesn't she come to 
greet her new mistress? " 

"Here she is, my dear sir. here 
she is! " cried a happy voice, and a 
middle-aged woman entered, her 
slightly gray hair half hidden be- 
neath the snow white cap, under 
which shone forth a rosy face, full of 
youthful fresh. ness. 

Jobst von Reutlingen hurried tow- 
ards her with hearty, almost affec- 
tionate greeting. He had already 
told Ulrike of this housekeeper, who 
had been one of his mother's youth- 



ful playmates, and who had remained 

inseparable from her throughout her 
whole life. As Lore bade her young 
mistress welcome with motherly and 
yet respectful greeting the captain 
stepped up to his mother's old friend 
and put his arm about her. 

"See, Lore, this is my wife. She 
is very young, and is all alone in the 
world ; be considerate and kind to 
her, I place her in your care." 

Ulrike received the housekeeper's 
kindly words with grateful thanks, 
but she did not look at her husband. 

"Come, Ulrike, I will show you 
your rooms, ' ' he continued. ' l Every- 
thing is ready, is it not. Lore? " 

"Everything is quite ready, sir." 

He took Ulrike's arm in his own 
and led her to his mother's room. 
This beautiful chamber was furnished 
in the fashion of Fran von Reutlin- 
gen's younger days, and it was there 
that she had passed the happiest 
hours of her life. The pale blue 
walls were covered with flowers, the 
old-fashioned writing desk and chif- 
fonier were in white to match the 
wood- work of the room, and were 
beautifully decorated with bunches 
of roses, while the silk coverlid on 
the high curtained bed was sprinkled 
with flowers. Before the window 
stood a large chintz covered arm-chair 
with a sewing table beside it and a 
spinning wheel near by, while on the 
window seats geraniums and yellow 
marigolds bloomed and breathed forth 
their fragrance, the soft light from the 
bronze candelabra on the wall mak- 
ing the whole a picture ; a silent pic- 
ture filled with speaking sorrow. 

All these beautiful things, these 
flowers living and painted, had been 
but a setting for that one central 
figure and that figure had been taken 

away. All these lifeless things that 
had stood ready at her hand were 
still undisturbed and only seemed to 
bring to mind more forcibly the ter- 
rible loss. 

Reutlingen stood for a moment and 
gazed silently about him, his face 
drawn with grief, then he turned 
quickly, stepped to the opposite door, 
opened it, and passed into the next 
room, which was warm and light like 
the one he had just left. Soon he 
returned, the look of grief still chang- 
ing the entire expression of his face. 

" These were the living and sleep- 
ing rooms of my mother," he said ; 
" from today they are yours." 

"Herr von Reutlingen!" cried 
Ulrike. "Is there no guest's cham- 
ber in the house in which I can live 
instead of in these sacred rooms 
where I do not belong ? " 

His brow contracted. 

1 ' You are no guest ; von do belong 
in these sacred rooms. The woman 
who has stood before God's altar with 
me is sacred in my eyes, can you not 
understand that ? ' ' 

" I only mean," she whispered, 
"that these rooms were the warmest, 
most homelike and dearest to you 
of all " 

"Then you must take care," he 
interrupted quickly, " that they don't 
become cold and strange tome now." 

She sighed. 

' How can I prevent it? M 
*I can't tell you if you don't 
kn -v yourself. Perhaps you will 
lear:i ; you will have plenty of time 
to think it over before the end of the 
war. ' ' With that he quitted the room 
and left her alone. 

Ulrike remained, a prey to painful 
and bitter thoughts. She realized 
the beautv of his character from his 



devotion" to the army, the honor in 
which he held his family, and his 
honorable treatment of her, a poor 
orphan, whom he now asked to fill 
his mother's place. What could she 
give him ? She saw the depth of his 
feelings, the great love he bore his 
home and the memory of his mother. 
What great happiness would he have 
felt could he have brought home a 
wife to'whom he could give the love 
of his heart ? Now she must try to 
fill the place into which his pure 
wantonness had forced her. He did 
not love her ; his fancy, even, did not 
lead him to her. That knowledge was 
deeply humiliating to her and it was 
doubly hard because she felt it her duty 
to be grateful to him ; he had behaved 
nobly to her and she could not repay 
him. He was the giver and she 
must take what it pleased him to 
offer. Full of misgivings were these 
sad thoughts, and she sat buried in 
trouble and sad at heart until Lore 
came in and found her. 

" Your ladyship will pardon me if 
my coming is inopportune, but I 
heard your husband return to his 
brother Heinz and I know what the 
pain of separation and of being alone 
is to a young wife." 

Ulrike threw her arm about the 
good woman's neck in a burst of feel- 
ing ; the thought that she had at last 
found a protectress in this good 
motherly soul was a great comfort to 
her and a flood of tears lightened her 

" Frau Lore, will you love me and 
be kind to me ? I haven't a soul in 
the whole world ! " she sobbed. 

Lore kissed the slender hand that 
lay upon her shoulder. 

1 God bless you, dear lady ! " said 
she, much affected. " How can I 

help loving you, sweet child, my dear 
mistress ? He was the favorite of my 
dearest lady, her very sunshine, and 
you are his wife. I only hope you 
will let me love yon as much as I wish, 
my dear young mistress ! " 

Meanwhile the two brothers sat by 
the pleasant fire, smoking, drinking 
hot punch, and chatting together. 
Jobst told the younger of his last 
campaign, especially all the detail- 
of his wonderful marriage. Heinz 
was indignant and read him a long 
lecture, especially upon his folly in 
taking Ldrike from Wolf von Eick- 

11 You are absolutely crazy, man ; 
that is the only excuse I can find for 
you ; you, who have heretofore taken 
such an aimless view of life. Risk- 
ing the king's displeasure, too. You 
must be desperately in love with her 
in spite of your denials." 

The captain laughed so heartily 
that the sound of his voice reached 
even to L'lrike's quiet room. 

" You amuse me. Wolf also had 
the same idea ; you are both in love 
yourselves and therefore think that I 
must be, you dear wise men." 

" You don't appreciate your good 
fortune at all," continued Heinz. 
11 She is truly charming ; have n't you 
even noticed that ? " 

"Of course I have," responded 
Jobst undaunted. " Her eyes are so 
sweet that I long to kiss them." 

'Long to kiss them?" answered 
Heinz with a doubting smile. 
11 Upon what strange footing do you 
stand with your wife? Jobst, don't 
tell me any fain- tales. You don't 
seem to have much regard for the 

The captain seemed to consider 
these remarks as unnecessary. 



"I have told you the truth. A 
soldier's word is beyond dispute," 
was his answer. 

"Yes, "wild one, if you were not 
the soldier," responded Heinz ; " you. 
who always have some marvellous 
tale of adventure to recite." 

"Nonsense," said Jobst irritably. 
''There are some tales that are 
beyond invention." 

"That is very true, old fellow," 
laughed Heinz, running his fingers 
through his blonde :iair as he spoke. 

" Supper is served," announced old 
Ferdinand, standing stiffly at the 

The captain sent him to his mis- 
tress with the announcement, but 
Lore appeared in her stead. 

"Your wife wishes to be excused 
and asks to have her supper served 
in her room." 

"Your mistress has but to com- 
mand ; but tell her, Lore, that I must 
say good-bye to her for I leave in an 

Ulrike awaited him in fear and 
anxiety. It was already late and she 
had arranged her things with An- 
nette's help, and now sat impatiently 
by the carved table upon which the 
candles were burning. At last he 
came and she rose to receive him. 

" I come to take leave of you, my 
dear lady. The object of my trip is 
accomplished and you are safe and 
well cared for. You will soon be re- 
lieved of the fetters of my presence ; 
you will be glad of that? " 

"I am sorry that your leave is so 
short and the journey so severe." 

He shrugged his shoulders. 

"I have engaged relays and there 
is no fatigue for me ; but you, Ulrike, 
will you learn to laugh again ? 
When I come again shall I still see 

tears in your eyes?' You shall have- 
no more cause for weeping, I will 
arrange everything for your comfort, 
all your commands shall be obeyed as 
though they were my own." 

"Thank you, you are very kind." 

"Do you really think that? Is 
that, then, the reason that your eyes 
are always so frightened and anxious 
when I am near ? Why are you so 
afraid of me, little woman ? I don't 
seem so terrible to other women." 

" No others have ever been placed 
in my position," she murmured. 

" That is undoubtedly true." She 
seemed to hear: "I certainly have 
brought no woman here as mistress 
of my mother's house before, nor 
have I ever offered my life to anoth- 
er ; " but this he did not say. 

"Well then, good-bye, my dear 
lady ; may you be happy at Stein- 
hovel," he said, bowing and starting 
through the open door. 

" Herr von Reutlingen ■! " cried 
L^lrike hastily. Why she did it she 
scarcely knew herself, but she sud- 
denly felt that she could not let him 
go in that way. 

•' What is your wish ? " 

" Herr von Reutlingen, may I not 
thank you with a pressure of the 
h and for all your nobleness and 
kindness to me? " 

A light like sunshine breaking 
through the clouds shone in his eyes. 

"Is that a question; if you may, 

He grasped the hand which she 
o £fe red him for the first time, kissed 
it: passionately, and then hurried 

Ulrike passed her first night in her 
m ■.' home in restle>s slumber. A 
tl- jusand stormy thoughts drove the 
sleep from her tired eyes. In her 



first wild dreams sounded the gay 
sleighbells that had accompanied her 
during the two long, cold days of her 
journey. She heard them become 


fainter in the stillness of the night, 

and then grow louder and clearer ere 
they finally died away in the 


So Ulrike lived in comfort as mis- 
tress of Steinhovel, and knew that she 
was safe ; a knowledge that gave 
her great happiness, after her three 
months of terror and anxiety amid 
scenes of camp-life and war. In old 
Lore she found at once a motherly 
friend and worthy servant, and in her 
brother Heinz a lovable and charm- 
ing companion ; so that she would 
have been perfectly happy were it 
not for the torturing and ever present 
thought that she owed it all to Reut- 
lingeu's generosity. 

Upon his mother's writing desk 
stood his picture, painted upon ivory 
in a frame of wrought gold, as a 
young lieutenant in the white blouse 
of the Baireuth dragoons. How like 
him the picture was. The deep blue 
eyes seemed to smile at her from the 
frame until she could bear it no longer, 
and turned it to one side. 

She and Heinz were much together, 
at the table, during short walks, and 
in the quiet evening hours by the 
fireside when he would often read to 
her from Voltaire and Reusseau, or 
would play for her. 

Heinz von Reutlingen was a lieu- 
tenant in the white hussar regiment 
which had long been known by the 
name of their general as the Puttka- 
mer hussars. His old commander 
had fallen at Kunersdorf, together 
with many others of the king's bravest 
generals. It was a terrible day to 
remember, for King Friedrich's little 
army fought more heroically than 
ever before against the overwhelm- 

ing force of Russians and Austrians 
throughout the long, hot August day. 
They fought like lions and yet they 
were defeated, for the fierce fire of 
grape from the neighboring heights 
mowed down the Prussians like wheat 
before the sickle, and as the evening 
fell the shattered troops fell back with 
despair in their hearts. Then, as 
though the agony and shame of de- 
feat were more than he could bear, 
the brave General von Puttkamer fell 
from his horse and died in the arms 
of his nephew, a young lieutenant 
of hussars. Heinz von Reutlingen 
shared with his comrade the honor of 
performing the last loving services 
for the dying hero, and was himself 
suddenly struck to earth beside his 
chief. Lieutenant von Puttkamer 
later placed him, badly wounded, in 
an ambulance, and after the heavy 
fever from his wound had passed 
away wrote to his brother Jobst, who 
took him to Steinhovel to be nursed 
back to life in his old home by Frau 
Lore's care. 

Five months had passed, the wound 
had healed, and Heinz was able to 
walk about the house, although not 
entirely free from pain. He awaited 
with impatience the moment when he 
could mount his hor*e and again take 
his place with his regiment. His 
time of waiting was being agreeably 
shortened by the companionship of 
his young sister, for he delighted in 
her agreeable and bright conversa- 
tion, and took secret pleasure in 
studying her .secret thoughts, espe- 



cially in regard to the state of her 

heart towards Jobst. Ulrike, on her 
side, found much to charm her in 
her new brother, whose manner and 
movements occasionally reminded 
her of Jobst, and yet there was 
really a ^reat difference between the 
two. for the younger was no "wild 
Reutlingen," as Jobst himself had 
said, and for that reason was a more 
easy and gracious companion. 

One morning Heinz came up to 
her and said: 

" My dear sister, will you go with 
me to pay a visit in the neighbor- 
hood? I want to drive over to Zellin 
and call upon the Techows ; if I 
remember rightly you once spoke 
of doing the same thing." 

" Certain!}- ; I will go with pleas- 
ure," answered Ulrike. "I have- 
heard a great deal of Susanna von 
Techow, and I shall be delighted to 
meet her at last. But will it not be 
too much for you, Heinz, to drive 
there and back? " 

" Oh, no indeed ! I must begin to 
accustom myself to slight exercise — 
and to go to Zellin is never tire- 
some," he added with a half smile. 

"So this is the young Frau von 
Ruetlingen ? I am charmed to see 
you here," said the worthy Frau von 
Techow as Ulrike, a little frightened, 
greeted her shyly. "This is my 
daughter Susanna." The young 
girl extended her hand to their gue^t 
and a pair of brown eyes looked 
searchingly into Ulrike's blue ones. 

"You have just come from the seat 
of war, have you not:*" she asked 
laughingly. "Oh, I have heard a 
little of your interesting romance, 
but you must tell me all about it 

Ulrike seated herself upon the 

lounge beside Frau von Techow and 
enjoyed the delicious coffee which 
was served in dainty Meissen cups. 
By her side sat Susanna, a tall, slen- 
der girl, with a beautiful head and 
delicate features, whose brown eyes 
shone earnestly and brightly, while 
in her mouth one could read sweet- 
ness and a gentle disposition. Very 
pretty, too, was the low, fair brow, 
over which fell the golden brown 
hair in dainty ringlets. 

Susanna had monopolized the con- 
versation, and Ulrike saw at once 
that the daughter held first place in 
the family, for neither the stately 
mother nor the father, a deaf, little 
old man, had very much to say. 

Opposite her sat Heinz von Reut- 
lingen listening eagerly to all she- 
said, the expression in his bright 
blue eyes reminding Ulrike vividly 
of his brother. 

Susanna asked for the latest news 
of the Baireuth dragoons, and Ulrike. 
fancying that she wished for uews of 
Wolf von Eickstadt, mentioned him 
as often as she could without seeming 
to force his name unnecessarily into 
the conversation, all of which brought 
to Heinz von Reutlingen's brow a 
frown which seemed the image of 

When the coffee and cake had 
been finished, Susanna drew her arm 
through Ulrike's, saying, — " Now 
come with me, Frau von Reutlingen. 
I want to show you my little sitting- 
room. Mamma, you must entertain 
Herr von Reutlingen while we are 

The room of the daughter of the 
house was a very dainty chamber 
furnished with white enamelled fur- 
niture, while over the little desk had 
been trained a delicate arch of ivv. 

3i 6 


The two young women sat down 
upon low chairs by the window and 
talked gaily. Ulrike had the feeling 
that this earnest, slender maiden 
knew more about her than she 
seemed to do, but this, instead of 
frightening her, rather made her feel 
more at ease. 

" Now I understand why Wolf 
loves this girl," she thought again 
and again. 

Soon, however, the door opened 
and Frau von Techow appeared, 
accompanied by Heinz. He had 
been so uneasy in the society of the 
two old people that his worthy host- 
ess had decided to bring him here. 
Susanna met them laughingly, and 
in mock anger upbraided them for 
their intrusion. Heinz apologized 
humbly and pressed her hand to his 
lips in his gallant way. Then they 
both stood together in the middle of 
the room and started an animated 
conversation, during which Frau von 
TechOw stepped to the window seat 
and began a long discourse to her 
guest upon domestic matters, poultry, 
pigs, linen, weaving, and many other 
things that would have been far bet- 
ter understood by Frau Lore. Xow 
and then Heinz looked towards Ulrike 
and noticed that she was far from 
interested in the matron's conversa- 
tion, but still he would not interfere. 

"How does my new sister please 
you?" he said to Susanna in an 

11 She is charming. I can say 
nothing more than that she must be 
a wonderful character to have won 
the ' wild Reutlingen.' " 

11 Yes, and still will you believe it, 
my dear young lady, he married her 
in a moment of wildness and without 
consulting the feelings of her heart. 

She clung to him in her desolate con- 
dition but not as a matter of choice. 
I have learned that she liked Wolf 
von Eickstadt much better, and I 
believe, too, that Wild Jobst gave 
his friend a bitter disappointment." 

A deep red blush spread over her 

14 You must be mistaken in your 
impression, Herr von Reutlingen," 
she answered steadily, although per- 
haps in a very low tone of voice. 
"Your sister talks a great deal of 
Wolf von Eickstadt it is true, but 
with perfect freedom and without 
embarrassment. ' ' 

" Excuse me, but it does not seem 
so to me," he answered with a shrug 
of his shoulders, and then allowed 
the subject to drop. 

The next evening as usual Heinz 
sat opposite his sister by the great 
open fire and read to her in his 
beautiful French from Yoltaire's 
Tamcred. He forgot himself fre- 
quently and she soon began to joke 
him about his abstracted air. Sud- 
denly he allowed his book to fall and 
gazod at her, whereupon she worked 
with great zeal upon a wonderful 
piece of silk embroidery, her hands 
flying over her work : the small white 
hands that Jobst von Reutlingen 
boosted he could crush in one of his 
own . 

11 Susanna is certainly right," he 
thought. "She is just the kind to 
tame the wild one, and she will do 
it, :oo." 

"• Don't be so busy, pretty Ulrike,'' 
he began. " I want to ask you some- 
thing ; will you answer me?" 

1 ' I will tell you that after you have 
as"- ed it," she replied. " Your ques- 
tions are often very silly. What do 
you want to know? " 



. ■ . - 

W 1 1 



The two yojng women sat . . and talked gaily. 



"You and Eickstadt were much 
together; did you get the impression 
that he was much in love with 
Susanna von Techow?" 

"The idea." she laughed. "If I 
really knew do you think I would be 
justified in telling other people? 
Wolf von Eickstadt is my friend, 
that you know, Heinz, and the love 
affairs of my friends are sacred to 

"You might just as well have said 
'yes,' my pretty one," he answered 
in a bantering tone, "for if he didn't 
love her you would have said so at 

"Not at all," responded Vlrike 
undisturbed. "What do I know 
about it? It would be just as un- 
pleasant for my friend to know that I 
had said ' no ' as that I had said 
'yes'. Why should you know: do 
you want to become his rival? It 
certainly looks so to me." 

"Wouldn't you advise me to win 
her if I can? " he asked. 
-"She is very charming, but I 
should think that the last thing you 
would want to do would be to fight 
against your friend." 

"But excuse me, my brother's 
friend is not necessarily mine ; Eick- 
stadt certainly is not." 

"And you would not hesitate to 
steal from him in his absence the 
heart that he looks upon as his 
own ? ' ' 

" What a question, my dear sister. 
I would do it with pleasure. The 
man who has luck with him carries 
home the bride, and I wouldn't hesi- 
tate a moment as to whether I inter- 
fered with any one else or not." 

"Would you be just as regardless 
of others in other things beside 
love ? ' ' 

"I have never noticed that the 
man who is continually looking out 
tor others gets along very well in tin- 
life," he answered, turning away. 

Ulrike let her hands fall into her 
lap, and was watching him. " Heinz. 
how very unlike your brother you 
are," came suddenly and unbidden 
from her lips. 

He laughed gaily. "That is cer- 
tainly not flattering to me. You 
apparently admire my enviable 
brother from the bottom of your 

"Yes, from the bottom of my 
heart," cried Ulrike boldly, a warm 
color spreading over her face. She 
knew from his sarcastic speech that 
he understood her unusual relations 
with her husband. 

" Heinz, I know very well that our 
marriage was but a foolish prank 
which he perhaps even now regrets, 
but still it was a noble minded piece 
of folly and I admire him for it. 
Would to God that I had not been 
the victim of that folly and then I 
should be the happier in my admira- 
tion ! " 

He looked at her astonished. 

" That is your understanding of 
the affair is it. my dear sister? I 
think differently." 

Ulrike buried her glowing face in 
her hands. " I hope you are mis- 
taken in your views, and even I in 
my sad position can see how absurd 
they are." . 

He laughed again. " My pretty, however it turns out you are 
much too good for this rough cavalry- 
man. This world's goods are cer- 
tainly unevenly divided. Everything 
falls to his hand and he doesn't 
appreciate it. He is not only master 
of Steinhovel while I, as the younger 



son, must be content with what he i- 
pleased to give me, hut now lie has 
succeeded into the bargain in winning 
a wife like Ulrike von Trebenow and 
lie does n't know the value of what 
he has won." 

With these words he drew her 

hours with you in trying to make you 
disloyal to him, but I am in hard 
luck. You will belong to him as will 
Steinhovel, and I shall be separated 
from you both." 

What consolation to her was the 
fact that she had rebuked him ? In 

hand from her tear dimmed eyes ami spite of it his words left a sting in her 
touched it to his lips. " It is too heart that she could not drive away 
bad that I should spend my few for many a long hour. 

[to be continued.] 


[Lines dedicated to Miss Margaret Yardley, daughter of Charles Yardley, Esq., of East Orange, N. J., owner 
of "Overlook" cottage, at Burkehaven, N. H.] 

By W. C. St u roc. 

That Home in summer, near the Lake, 
The Bard will now for subject take, 
And sing, 'mid scenes of winter quiet, 
What August finds a jovial riot, 
Of trips by land and trips by water — 
The pilot fair, that only daughter — 
To view with joy each bay and nook, 
And rest once more at "Overlook"! 


No scenes so fair as those we see 
While youth's warm blood is coursing free 
And still, the aged Bard has found 
This Lake and land enchanted ground, 
And all its aspects, all its views, 
Fit themes of rapture for the Muse! 
And so to Margaret thus he sings 
The promised song, which winter brings, 
To keep in sunshine, — though forsook, — 
The happy home of "Overlook"! 




y - - -> ■ - 



Roll on, ye days, and bring again 
With Summer all her smiling train, 
Of fruits and flowers and balmy breeze, 
To cheer our. sail on inland seas, — 
Bring back the circle, all complete, 
That oft upon the hill did meet, — 
Where no restraint "good cheer" can brook 
Within the lines of "Overlook"! 


By George H. Moses. 

Pullman, New Hampshire — you basis of fact for my fancy in thus 

may not find it on your map ; you titling the lumber town of Lincoln on 

may not mail a letter to that address the East Branch of the Pemigewasset 

and have it delivered ; no enterpris- On the first of September, 1S92, the 

ing scalper may sell you a reduced spot where now this village stands 

rate railroad ticket to that destina- was a dense and virgin forest, which, 

tion ; yet it exists and there is some in common with nearly all the conn- 




•feist:, . 

One of the Mills. 

try within sight from any adjacent 
coign of vantage, had just come into 
the possession of Messrs. J. K. Henry 
& Sons, whose gigantic lumber opera- 
tions in the Zealand valley had re- 
duced the supply of ' ' raw material ' ' 
there and had driven them to seek 
newer and more original fields. The 
title under which the Messrs. Heniy 
took possession of the territory 
was at the time, and is now, the 
largest single transfer of forested prop- 
erty recorded in any New Hamp- 

shire registry, and the sum involved 
amounted to the half million mark, 
while the tract which changed hands 
aggregated approximately, one hun- 
dred thousand acres. This, together 
with the Messrs. Henry's former 
holdings, which lie contiguous and 
just to the north, gave them undis- 
puted sway over nearly one hundred 
and- twenty thousand acres of solid 
spruce forest which a newspaper 
writer has fairly characterized as 
" The Grand Duchv of Lincoln." 

East Branch Mill. 





\ - - ■ . - » • -- 


The Coal Kilns. 

But this is digression. On the 
first of September, 1S92, let me re- 
peat, where now stands the lumber 
town of Lincoln was a dense, virgin 
forest. A year later the village of 
Lincoln with school, store, dwellings, 
shops, and mills was in visible evi- 
dence to all. It had sprung up 
almost in a night through the bound- 
less energy and unflagging courage of 
its owners, who in the face of a 
steadily falling market deepened their 
investment and increased their risk. 

The owners of this Pullman of ours 
knew that they must have a railroad 

to make their village a success — and 
so they built one, afterward selling 
it to the Concord & Montreal, who 
now operate the mile and a half of 
track from North Woodstock to Lin- 
coln. From Lincoln the Last Branch 
& Lincoln railroad has been built now 
a distance of nearly ten miles into the 
woods. This road is owned by the 
Messrs. Henry, and is utilized for the 
transportation of lumber and supplies, 
though in summer excursion parties 
of summer boarders visiting the log- 
gers' camps are frequent. For solidity 
of construction this railroad is the 







Sf^ .- . AX. Jk 

The East Branch in August. 



equal of any in the state if not in 
New England, and its equipment is 
of the most powerful and superb 
quality, for modern lumbering de- 
mands only the best. 

At the village there is an air of the 
utmost vivacity. Across from the 
tiny station is the longest saw mill in 
New England, -which when both 
sides are running with night and 
dav cranes makes a dailv record of 

across the street from them all is the 
office, store, and postofhee, where 
one may mail a letter, telegraph a 
friend, secure a railroad pass over the 
L. & K. B., or buy anything from 
a goose-yoke to a second-hand pul- 

These buildings line either side of 
the short street leading from the sta- 
tiou to the main thoroughfare of the 
village, Sawdust Boulevard, so called 

The Big Mill. 

something like two hundred thou- 
sand feet of sawn lumber. Scarcely 
a hand's breadth on the other side 
stands the car shop, where the dwarf- 
ish lumber cars are manufactured 
and repaired. Next door to that 
stands the smithy where the horses 
are shod, the car iron-work furnished, 
and the company jobbing done. 
Next to that comes the establishment 
of the company harness maker, and 

from its paving, which is entirely of 
pungent spruce sawdust. 

This avenue in one sense reminds 
one of the czar's railroad. You will 
remember how when a line was pro- 
jected from Moscow to St. Petersburg 
the engineers brought a map to the 
emperor and asked him to designate 
the cities and towns on the way 
through which he wished the road to 
pass. Laying a rule upon the map, 



the czar drew a straight line from 
Moscow to St. Petersburg, " Build it 
there," he said. So of this avenue. 
Desiring to tap this country road at 
the most -convenient point and al>o 
to secure entrance to their village by 
wagon, the Henrys cut a road from 
Lincoln to North Woodstock, straight 
as a die, directly through the woods, 
emerging upon the highway near the 
Deer Park Hotel. Along the further 
extremitv of this road, and facing the 

The village of Lincoln is the out- 
growth of their present system of lum- 
ber manufacture. It is not a perfect 
community by any means, yet it is 
superior in all its managerial features. 
This is a necessary fact because the 
town is designed to supply needs 
which were purely in a n a g e r i a I . 
When the Messrs. Henry came into 
possession of their present forest hold- 
ings they faced contingencies of 
which the lumber men of New Hamp 

Black Mountain — afer Lumbering. 

village of Lincoln, are ranged the 
cottages which have been erected for 
the mill men and mechanics. 

Architecturally these are not im- 
posing. Artistically they are not 
appealing. The garish ochre and 
umber of their colorings are strong- 
ly offensive on a hot summer's day. 
But they serve their purpose : they 
shelter the workmen of our Pullman, 
and yield the owners a handsome 
return on their cost. 

shire had known nothing, and to 
meet the demand at every point they 
were in fact compelled to create the 
village of Lincoln. The mountain 
could not go to Mahomet in this 
case ; Mahomet could not go to the 
mountain ; so he heaped up a moun- 
tain of his own. The government 
and discipline are, as one might 
suppose, intensely paternal and the 
administration is most rigid. The 
old town of Lincoln, what there is of 


- 2 , 

it, |ies off to the west from "The 
Grand Duchy," and the population 

is aligned along the highway leading 
northward to the Franeonia Notch. 
The selectmen and other town offi- 
cials are therefore chosen from among 
the older inhabitants, and " The 
Grand Duchy" is left almost wholly 
to its own devices, the Grand Dukes 
making and enforcing whatever regu- 
lations they deem necessary to the 
peace and dignity of their grand 
ducal estate. Prohibition is the rule 
in^om* Pullman, and it does prohibit. 

the result of his personal efforts and 
:s not likely to diminish from lack of 

The real extent of the Grand Duchy 
of Lincoln is by no means indicated by 
its busy metropolis and may be ap- 
proximated only by a trip over the 
railroad which has pushed its way up 
the Kast Branch to the junction of 
the Hancock Branch and is now- 
winding up this latter stream, with a 
total length of nearly ten miles. 
Almost every rod of the way is busv. 
Here is a smaller mill set down on a 


^ r~'Z_ > j_ ~ , 

No man eats unless he works, on 
the true theory of Captain John 
Smith, and the lords of the realm 
themselves are most exemplary in 
their obedience. The labor accom- 
plished daily by the Henrys, father 
and sons, comes nothing short of Her- 
culean. " The old man" Henry, as 
he is known from the Pemigewasset 
to the St. Lawrence, has led a life of 
almost unremitting toil, and the dig- 
nity of labor is a family tenet with him . 
What he has accomplished by way of 
accumulated lands and fortunes is 

spur where the surplus of the first is 
consumed, there are the charcoal 
kilns where with commendable 
economy a portion of the forest by- 
product is utilized, yonder is a 
44 c amp" where the men live, on this 
side is a stable sheltering the horses 
employed on the slopes, and all along 
are the landings with the worn trail 
leading away up on the mountain 
sides whence comes the almost con- 
.stant ring of the axe. the occasional 
cra^h of a falling spruce, and the 
musical tingle of the team-bells as 



they make their way up and down. When one recalls that the number of 
To carry on the operations of this hands employed in this Xew I lamp- 
plant requires the services of hun- shire Pullman are many times as 
dreds of men and animals and thou- numerous as the entire body of orig- 
sands of capital must be kept in inal inhabitants and that they are de- 
almost continuous circulation as pendent for everything upon the in- 

- - ' 

t ; .- KM] P • 

f " - 


- . * i 

The School-no^.- =. 

wage-money, for repairs, in building, 
in restocking, and for the thousand 
and one things which every day crop 
out in a business of such magnitude. 
And with the keenness of the present 
competition in the lumber market 
nothing but the highest degree of 
administrative capacity, with prac- 
tically unlimited credit, and a close 
knowledge of men and affairs. These 
the owners are able to supply in such 
full measure that it cannot be charged 
to their inability to handle it that 
they have abandoned the manufac- 
turing end of the work and, leasing 
their mills, content themselves with 
selling logs, cordwood, and charcoal. 
The opportunities which the own- 
ers of this property possess are num- 
berless in almost every direction, but 
I need not enumerate them all. 

clinations of the owners of the village, 
the possibilities by way of politics are 
highly suggestive. And when one 
thinks of the agitation for the preser- 
vation of the forests of the White 
Mountain region among whose foot- 
hills this forest lies, there is sug- 
gested the boundless opportunity 
which the Messrs. Henry have of 
demonstrating how to use and at the 
same time to preserve the valuable 

Eq politics the Grand Dukes of Lin- 
coln are making no move, but in 
forestry they are doing something. 
At the present rate of cutting it will 
take the axemen thirty years to 
cover the entire tract of one hundred 
and twenty thousand acres. In oilier 
words they cannot expect a second 
crop in less than thirty years, an in- 



tervale of ample duration to enable a 
profitable second harvesting, provided 
the first erop has been removed with 
sufficient discretion as to the choice 
of trees to be felled and care in the 
manner of felling them. The first 
element already enters into the pro- 
prietor's calculations and their in- 
tention is expressed to remove no 
tree of less than twelve inches in dia- 
meter at the stump. The second ele- 
ment is, I fear, entirely wanting, for, 
though loggers seek the forest open- 
ing for a tree to fall into, they are 
strangely careless of the character of 
the growth over which they let the 
victim fall. The restriction as to 
size is, however, of prime importance. 

In partial compensation for the re- 
duced present profit the charcoal kiln 
has been set up, an apparatus which 
meets the foresters' liveliest approba- 
tion so long as its use is confined to 
legitimate channels and its capacious 
maw swallows up nothing but the 
tops and limbs which are too often 
left upon the ground in the lum- 
bered forest to decay and become a 
menace in the presence of the ever 
recurring fear of lire. These are but 
feeble steps toward that pattern of 
perfection which our New Hamp- 
shire Pullman might become in the 
eyes of American lumbermen, but 
since they are in the right direction 
thev deserve credit. 




*&®m &* 

pw^i k^h . 


AU. '>**~ "- • -"7/ 

Conducted by Fred Cowing, State Superintendent of Public Instruction. 

By Dr. Thaddeus William Harris. 

"After God had carried us safe to New- 
England, and we had builded our houses, 
provided necessaries for our liveli-hood, 
rear'd convenient places for God's worship, 
and settled the Civil Government : One of 

the next things we longed for, and looked 
after was to advance Learning and perpetu- 
ate it to Posterity: dreading to leave an 
i!!:terate Ministry to the Churches, when our 
present Ministers shall lie in the Dust." 



In the passage which t have placed 
at the head of this article, the ancient 

historian of the Massachusetts Bay Col- 
ony sets forth in plain and direct terms 
the importance which was attached by 
the early settlers of Xew England to 
sound learning. In their homes in Old 
England, many of these men had de- 
voted their lives to deep and thoughtful 
study; and those homes they had for- 
saken, to seek new abodes in the wilder- 
ness of an unknown land, that they 
might have freedom and opportunity to 

i - • - - - ■ - .- 1 

r ; • • IS 

-...^, ^ 



1 mm i 

j i&i ! i 

High School Building. 

develop in their lives and the lives of 
their children those ways which their 
studies had led them to regard as the 
surest paths to the realization of the 
lofty ideals of life and conduct which 
they had learned to prize so highly. 

We are not surprised, therefore, that 
one of the first cares of these emigrants, 
after providing for the absolute necessi- 
sities of their daily existence, was to 
establish schools in which the rising 
generation might be trained to the wis- 
dom of their fathers. No time was lost, 
after the homestead had been erected 

General School -room, High School Buil'J - 

for the shelter of the body, and the 
church for the nurture of the soul, in 
giving attention to the establishment of 
the school, in which the growing mind 
of the next generation might be shel- 
tered and tended. Such primitive 
arrangements as the colonists found 
needful for the proper adjustment of the 
relations of man to man, in their simply 
organized community, were thus accom- 
panied by wise provisions for the per- 
petuation of those adjustments through 
all the time to come. When the town 
meeting and the free public school were 
established side by side in Dorchester, 
there was established the great principle 
of universal public education, which has 
been one of the chief motives in New 
Ejngrland life from that time to this ; 






• - 


m ; 

. .. 

Claswoorr, Hi«;h Scnoo: B..>!di 



which in this Litter day has been writ 
large upon the walls of Boston's newest 
temple of learning— 4 ' The Common- 
wealth Requires the Education of the 
People as the Safeguard of Order and 

The first schools in New England 
were established by the voluntary act of 
the settlers ; but scarce a dozen years 
had passed when the General Court of 
of the colony, finding that many parents 
and masters were neglecting the proper 
training of their children, decreed — 

That in every town the chosen men 
appointed for managing the prudential affairs 

of the same shall henceforth stand charged 
with the care of the redress of this evil; 
and for this end they shall have power to 
take account from time to time of their 
parents and masters, and of their children, 
concerning their calling and employment of 
their children, especially of their ability to 
read and understand the principles of re- 
ligion and the capital laws of the country, 
and to impose tines upon all those who 
refuse to render such account to them when 
required ; and they shall have power to put 
forth apprentices the children of such as they 
shall find not to be able and fit to employ 
and bring them up. 

And five years later, in 1647, the fol- 
lowing ordinance, which may be re- 
garded as the legal establishment of 
our New England school system, was 
passed : 

It being one chief project of that ouid 
deluder, Satan, to keepe men from the 
knowledge of the Scriptures, as in former 
times by keeping them in an unknowne 
tongue, so in these latter times by per- 
suading from the use of tongues, that so at 
least the true sence and meaning of the 
originall might be clouded by false glosses 
of saint seeming deceivers, that learning 
may not be buried in the grave of our 
fathers in the Church and Commonwealth, 
the Lord assisting our endeavours: — 








Dr. T. W, Harris. 

It is therefore ordered, that every town- 
ship in this jurisdiction after the Lord hath 
increased them to the number of fifty house- 
holders, shall then forthwith appoint one 
within their towne, to teach all such child- 
ren, as shall resort to him to write and 
reacle whose wages shall be paid either by 
the parents or masters of such children, or 
by the inhabitants in generall, by way of 
supply, as the major part of those that order 
the prudentials of the towne shall appoint: 
Provided, those that send their children be 
not oppressed by paying much more than they 
can have them taught in other townes : — 

And it is further ordered, that where any 
towne shall increase to the number of 1 00 
families or householders they shall set up a 
grammar schoole, the Master thereof being 
abie to instruct youth so farr as they may 
be fited for the university, Provided, that if 
any towne neglect the performance hereof 
above one yeare, every such towne shall pay 
5s to the next schoole till they shall perform 
this order. 

As the colony of Massachusetts Bay 
expanded, and the outposts of civiliza- 
tion advanced little bv little into the 


33 « 

wilderness, we find that the children of 
the first settlers carried this great insti- 
tution of their fathers onward with 
them ; and in each new town that they 
established, wherever the records have 
been carefully preserved, we find men- 
tion of the school and the school-master. 
We have a right to look, therefore, 
among the early records of Keene, as 
among those of other places, for some 
mention of the establishment of such a 
school, and for the names of the earlier 
school-masters ; especially when we re- 

Keene) was first settled in ]unv, 1734: 
and it is not until thirty years later that 
we find official mention of schools in 
the town records. Perhaps this may be 
accounted for in part by the struggle 
which the earl}- settlers were obliged to 
carry on to maintain the very existence 
of their settlement ; for though the 
ground was occupied by them as early 
as r734, it was not till 1737 that the in- 
habitants ventured to remain in the 
place over winter ; while ten years later 
the perils of the French and Indian 
war led to its entire abandonment, and 
it was not until 1750 that the town was 
permanently established. 

The first official mention that we find 
of a school in Keene is in 1764. when 
the town appropriated " £6 to defray 
the charges of a school." It is hardly 
likely that the town had groped in intel- 
lectual darkness during all the years 
since 1737, or even since 1750; and it 
seems most reasonable to suppose either 
that a school had been established by 
some public measure which has not been 

Robert A. Ray, Principal Kee-.e High School. 

member, that though Keene actually 
lies fifteen miles north of the Massachu- 
setts border, yet in the earlier days of 
the settlement, before geographical 
boundary lines had been carefully sur- 
veyed, the town was supposed to lie 
within the jurisdiction of the province 
of Massachusetts, in which, as we have 
already seen, the education of the 
young had thus early become a promi- 
nent public motive. 

But such is not the case. The town 
of Upper Ashuelot (now the city of 

Cha-les Her.ry Do.j^'ai, A. M. 



preserved to us, and was supported by 
a moderate tuition paid (doubtless large- 
ly in kind) by the parents of the pupils, 
or that such children as this struggling 
frontier settlement then contained had 
resorted to the minister for instruction 
in secular, as well as in godly, learning; 
both of which systems of education we 
know to have been in vogue in the more 
remote New England towns of that 

In 1764, however, the :-upport of the 
schools appears to have been assumed 
by the town. The inhabitants of the 
place then numbered about four hun- 
dred ; but the population increased rap- 
idly, and in 1770 it was found neces- 
sary, for the proper accommodation of 
the scholars, to divide the town into four 
school districts. Two, at least, of these 
districts were probably designed to pro- 
vide for the outlying portions of the 
town ; for an old plan, drawn in 1S00, 
indicates the location of but two public 
school-houses in the village itself. One 
stood on the east side of Main street, 
nearly opposite the present city hospital. 
and the other was on the west side of 
Prison (now Washington) street, a few 
rods north of the square. 

We know little regarding the teachers 
of the public schools of this earlier 
day ; but the quality of the instruction 
provided in those schools does not seem 
to have fully satisfied the public ideal ; 
for private schools flourished side by 
side with those supported at the public 
charge. In May, 1791, Miss Ruth Kid- 
der opened a small private school, which 
was soon discontinued, but was re- 
opened in the following September, the 
number of the pupils being limited to 
twenty-seven, and apparently continued, 
with some intermissions, for a year or 
two. Another well-known school of the 
earlier time was that known as "Mr. 

Xewcomb's school." This gentleman, 
having a large family, and desiring them 
to have better educational advantages 
than the town at that time afiforded, 
established a "grammar school,'' which 
he designed should be kept by a man of 
liberal education, and supported by the 
tuition of the scholars. This school 
was kept in a building on the west side 
of Main street, on the site afterwards 
occupied by "School-house Xo. 1." 
Just when the school was first opened. 
it is impossible to say ; but it was prob- 
ably not much earlier than 1793 ; for we 
know that the first master, one Peter 
John Ware, having given great dissatis- 
faction on account of his harsh treat- 
ment of his scholars, was in that year 
superseded by William Thurston, a 
recent graduate of Dartmouth college. 
The fee for tuition at this time was nine 
pence a week, "with an additional 
charge for those learning to write." Mr. 
Thurston retained charge of the school 
for a year or two, and then, removing to 
Boston, entered the practice of the law. 
His successor was one Master Farrar, 
who is described as a man of mild and 
agreeable manners. In 1796 a French- 
man, named Bellerieve, assumed the 
charge of the school, and gave instruc- 
tion in the French language, but turned 
out a scapegrace; for having contracted 
large debts, and obtained advance pay- 
ments of tuition fees from the patrons 
of the school, he decamped, leaving the 
school to its fate. A worthier successor 
was Master Samuel Prescott, a graduate 
of Harvard college, in the class of 1779. 
Fie took charge of the school in 1S01, 
and continued to teach with ability for 
some years. At length, however, he 
abandoned the teaching profession for 
that of the law, which he practised for 
some time in Chesterfield and Keene ; 
he .ifterwards removed to the West, but 



returned in later years to end his lifV- at 
the scene of his earlier labors. 

It would appear that Mr. Newcomb's 
grammar school was not maintained 
very long after Master Prescott gave it 
up ; but other private schools have sue- 

If,- 1 ->, 

" \ 

-^ — .• , 







School Street Scnool. Union Distriq' 

ceeded it, and their presence had a 
powerful influence in effecting the grad- 
ual improvement of the public schools. 
Perhaps the best known of these private 
schools was the celebrated boarding and 
day school for girls, which was carried 
on for many years by Miss Catherine 
Fiske. It occupied a large brick house 
on the west side of Main street, now 
the residence of Hon. E. C. Thayer. 
This school won a national reputation 
for its thorough education and refined 
culture. Its principal was a lady uf 
strong, dignified, and scholarly person- 
ality, whose influence in moulding the 
characters of her pupils was most pro- 
found. It was said that the graduates 
of Miss Fiske's school might be dis- 
tinguished throughout the land by the 
peculiar stately repose and grace of 
manner which the training of this school 
had imparted to them. Mis,s Fiske 
died in 1837, at the age of fifty-three, 
having been, as her gravestone in the 
old burying-ground at Keene records, 
"for thirty-eight years a teacher of 

youth." Her school was carried on for 
a few years longer by her former pupils 
and assistants, the Misses VYithington ; 
but the personality which gave it its 
characteristic spirit was gone ; its pat- 
ronage fell off; and after a few years it 
was discontinued. 

Miss Fiske's school had made it thus 
possible, during many years, for those 
of the citizens who set a high value 
upon intellectual culture and refinement 
(and there have always been many such 
at Keene) to educate their daughters 
well at home ; but it was for a long time 
necessary for those who wished their 
sons prepared for college, or otherwise 
educated beyond the limits of the or- 
dinary common schools, to send them 
elsewhere. A desire for higher edu- 
cational advantages, therefore, which 
should be available for the youth of 
both sexes, led to a movement, initiated 
by the pastor of the First Congrega- 
tional church, the Rev. Zedekiah S. 
P>arstow, looking to the establishment 
in Keene of an academy for classical 
and useful learning. A subscription 
was raised, and a substantial brick build- 
ing was erected for the proposed school, 
upon land belonging at the time to Abi- 
jah Wilder ; but afterwards presented 
by him to the trustees of the institution. 
Among the names of the earlier trustees 
we find those of the Hon. Joel Parker. 
LL. D.. afterwards for many years royal 
professor of law in the law school of 
Harvard University; Rev. Dr. P>arstow, 
who was long secretary of the board of 
trustees; Dr. Amos Twitchell; Rev. 
Abie! A. Livermore, I). D. ; Capt. Aaron 
Hal; William Lamson, Esq.; Elijah 
Parker, Esq. ; Hon. Levi Chamberlain ; 
Judge Larkin Paker : Eliphalet Briggs; 
and other eminent citizens of Keene. 
ies well-known residents of other 
pans of Cheshire county. 



"The ncademy building," so the rec- 
ords read, "was finished in the autumn 
of 1S36, and it was dedicated to science 
and religion on Christmas evening, when 
the Rev. Z. S. Barstow preached a cen- 
tury sermon ; it being a few months 
more than one hundred years from the 
settlement of the town. The schocl 
was opened early in 1S37 under the 
care of Mr. Breed Batcheller, a grad- 
uate of Dartmouth college, who con- 
tinued the principal of the academy 
till the spring of 1839, when Mr. Noah 
Bishop, a graduate of Vale college, was 
appointed, and continued in it till near 
the close of 18.4.0. Mr. Abraham Jen- 
kins, a graduate of Amherst college, 
next succeeded as the principal, and 
continued till the spring of 1S41. Mr. 
A. E. P. Perkins succeeded him, and 
continued till the autumn of 1844. He 
was a graduate of Amherst college. 
Mr. Seneca Cummings, a graduate of 
Dartmouth college, was appointed his 
successor, and opened the school in 
October, 1844. 

Messrs. Clark, Blodgett, and Wood- 
worth followed Mr. Cummings in the 
office of principal for brief terms ; and 
in 1850 the school obtained the services 
of Mr. William Torrance, a graduate of 
Amherst college (1844^, who carried on 
the work most acceptably for several 
years. The institution, however, was 
severely handicapped by the lack of an 
endowment fund, and the consequent 
impossibility of providing, from its small 
tuition fees, the number and quality of 
teachers needful for the permanent suc- 
cess of such a seat of learning. For 
these and other reasons it did not pros- 
per, and in the summer of 1853 it was 
finally closed. 

For some time the opinion had been 
growing in the community that educa- 
tion of high school grade ought to be 

provided at the public expense, and 
that the teachers who imparted that ed- 
ucation ought not to be subject, as were 
those of the academy, to a religious 
qualification, and early in 1S53 the four 
school districts in the more thickly set- 
tled portion of the town associated 
themselves together under the name of 
the "Associated High School Districts 
of Keene," for the organization and 
support of a high school. In April of 
the same year, the associated districts 
proposed to buy the academy building, 
and convert it to the uses of a high 
school. The trustees, however, decided 
that the deed of trust under which they 
held the property, and which provided 
that the land and buildings should "for- 
ever " be used for the purposes therein 
set forth, did not permit them legally to 
sell the property; they, however, leased 
it to the associated districts for ten 
years, at an annual rental of $250, in 
spite of the earnest protests of Dr. Bar- 
stow, whose heart was in the mainte- 
nance of the academv, and who held 

"■ -■ . »* 

Elliot School, Union School District. 

that the trustees had no more right to 
le^se than to sell it. # The associated 
districts accordingly took possession. 
and opened the high school in the fall 
of 1853, with Mr. Torrance, who had 
been the last principal of the academy. 



as the first head master of the school. 
Mr. Torrance continued in this position 
for a year and a half, enjoying the high 

esteem of the community for his scholar- 
ship and ability as a teacher, but in 
February, 1S55, he died, at the age of 
thirty-nine years, universally lamented. 




.-_.,. a^r 


. - 


Washington Street School, Union District. 

Mr. Torrance was succeeded by Mr. 
Charles E. Bruce; he, after a short time 
by Mr. Lucius H. Buckingham (Har- 
vard, 1851): and Mr. Buckingham again 
in 1857, by Mr. and Mrs. A. J. Bur- 
bank, under whose joint care the school 
remained until 1S67. At this time the 
number of pupils averaged about eighty. 
The full course extended over a period 
of four years, and comprised quite a 
wide range of subjects, including in the 
first year, as will be seen, subjects now 
generally completed in the grammar 
schools, and in the last, some that are 
now rarely commenced earlier than the 
college course. For the first year the 
course provided arithmetic, grammar, 
geography, reading and spelling; for the 
second, algebra, geometry, history, phy- 
siology, rhetoric, and Green's Analysis; 
for the third, geometry and trigonom- 
etry, surveying, bookkeeping, botany, 
physical geography, and natural philos- 
ophy ; and for the fourth, chemistry, 
mineralogy, astronomy, mental and 

moral philosophy, and the evidences of 
Christianity. In addition to these sub- 
jects, instruction in Latin and Greek 
was provided for such as desired it, and 
apparently the instruction in those lan- 
guages was well patronized, though it 
appears that even at that early day, 
when the classics still formed the staple 
of our higher education, and the outcry 
against the classical fetich in our col- 
leges had yet thirty years to wait for its 
awakening, the school board thought fit 
to agitate the question of the value of 
classical instruction in one of its annual 
reports as follows : 

We would respectfully suggest that par- 
ents and scholars sometimes attach too much 
value to the study of Latin. When the 
standard of a common school education de- 
mands so much as it does at the present 
day; when one modern language is consid- 
ered a necessary requirement ; when new- 
sciences have been founded and finished, 
and the boundaries of the old so much ex- 
tended ; when such studies as physiology, or 
the laws of health, chemistry, perspective 
drawing, mensuration, surveying, geology, 
and astronomy are crowded out for want of 
time ; when some knowledge of all these and 
kindred studies is necessary to constitute a 
well-informed scholar: it would seem to be 
beginning very far back to commence be- 
yond the dark ages, and spend two or more 
years on the syntax of a dead language, 
however beautiful and however venerable 
that language might be. 

And in the same report the need of 
the thorough study of the English Ian- 
guage and literature is emphasized in 
terms that savor much more'of the end, 
tran of the middle, of this century. 

The organization of the associated 
districts was in many ways, however, 
unsatisfactory, and on March 14. 1S65, 
the four districts were united in one, 
thenceforth known as the M Union 
School District of Keene."' This change 

33 6 


was accompanied by a number of im- 
provements in the organization of the 
schools. The grading of the common 
schools was re-arranged and improved, 
a grammar school was established to 
give opportunity for the more thorough 
preparation of pupils for the high 
school, and to relieve the latter of the 
burden of its more elementary studies, 
and it was determined that the high 
school, which had heretofore been ac- 
cessible only to pupils residing within 
the associated districts, should now 
open its doors for a moderate tuition 
fee, to students from other parts of 
Keene, and from the neighboring towns. 

The next year the Union district 
made a fresh attempt to purctme the 
Academy building, the lease of which it 
had renewed for three years longer in 
1863. Failing in this, the district 
applied to the selectmen of the town to 
take possession of the ground and build- 
ings for public school purposes, under 
the provisions of the so-called "Con- 
cord Act " of 185) and 1S66, which was 
done in the following year; and the 
property thus passed into the hands of 
the Union district. Some controversy 
followed as to the legal right of the dis- 
trict to take possession in this way : 
but the question was decided in favor 
of the district, and in 1S6S the trustees 
of the academy accepted the sum of 
$6,100 in full settlement of all their 

One last attempt was made to rees- 
tablish the old academy. In 1S72 a 
committee of the trustees was appointed 
to make inquiries for a suitable site, but 
the movement fell through. In March, 
1873, Dr. Barstow died; and with him, 
the last hope of reestablishment. He 
was a faithful pastor for many years, 
and a profound scholar. Though he 
could never reconcile himself to the loss 

of his beloved academy, he was in ail 
ways deeply devoted to the cause uf 
wisdom and scholarly learning. 

The board of trustees still exists. 
however, and continues to hold the 
funds of the academy, which have been 
slowly accumulating in their hands. It 
is earnestly to be hoped that in good 
time some appropriate way will appear 
by which this property may be once 
again devoted to educational usefulness. 

After the events above narrated, the 
town of Keene continued to enjoy a 
steady, though slow, growth ; and with 
the increase in population, larger school 
accommodations for the lower grades 


Fuller School, Union District. ' 

became a necessity. To meet this, a 
second building was erected in 1S67. on 
the School-street lot. In i86S,the Lin- 
coln-street building, at the foot of Beach 
hill, on the eastern side of the city, and 
the Fuller school, in the northern sec- 
tion, were erected. In 1S69, the Pearl- 
street building was provided, in the 
southwest quarter of the district, and in 
1S70, the Fuller school, proving inade- 
quate to the growing needs of its vicin- 
ity, \\as enlarged. These buildings, all 
one-storied wooden structures of two 
rooms each, are, with the exception of 
the School-street building, still in use. 
The present high school building 



was erected in 1S77. The old academy 

building, which had conic into the pos- 
session of the district, as already do- 
scribed, had become very dilapidated. 
Year after year the board of education 
had urged upon the district -the need of 
a new building, but it was not till 1S76 
that the district took decided steps in 
the matter. The old building was at 
last demolished, and the new building 
erected at a cost to the district of a lit- 
tle less than $50,000. It was completed 
in the fall of 1S77, and aedicated on the 
fourth of December of that year. The 
building is a modern Gothic edifice of 
imposing proportions, substantially con- 


JL\1 jpSSSaw**'—, c < :; . 

**-^z&*r % 

West Keene School 

structed of brick, four stories high. The 
first floor contains four school-rooms, 
which are at present occupied by classes 
of the four upper grammar grades ; 
though the growth of the high school 
itself, which during the past few years 
has been rapid, and which has this year 
increased its membership to nearly one 
hundred and fifty pupils, the largest 
number ever enrolled at any one time 
in its history, makes it appear probable 
that at no distant day the entire build- 
ing will be required for its exclusive 
accommodation. On the second floor are 
the lartre school-room of the high school 
itself, the offices of the head master and 

of the superintendent of schools, and 
two class-rooms. The third floor con- 
tains two more class-rooms, and a large 
assembly hall, in which are kept the 
collections of the Keene Natural His- 
tory Society; while in the attic are the 
physical and chemical laboratories. The 
collections just mentioned originated 
within the school. Until 1S71 there 
was no teaching material for the scien- 
tific studies, save a few minerals used in 
the classes in geology. At that time 
the desire for something more inspired 
an effort to gather a collection. A case- 
was bought and hung on the wall. It 
soon overflowed. As the interest in- 
creased, the teachers, pupils, and others 
formed the society known as the Keene 
Natural History Society. For several 
years their meetings and discussions 
excited much interest, and their collec- 
tion rapidly increased. When the new 
school-house was built, larger and better 
cases were required ; and in the large 
hall are now kept the four large and 
eight smaller cases, which contain the 
specimens, in part collected by the 
members, and in part given to the 
society by others. These collections 
are still used in the science teaching of 
the High school, though the society 
itself has long been inactive. 

No more buildings were erected by 
the district till 1SS6, when the dilapi- 
dated condition of the old Main-street 
school (school-house No. 1 of the old 
d 1 ys), and the growth of the southern 
p:.rt of the city, rendered the accommo- 
dations in that quarter inadequate, and 
a movement arose for a larger and better 
building. A bitter warfare was waged 
0¥er this plan, its opponents even going 
so far as to ^eek an injunction from the 
C* urts against the demolition of the old 
school-house. Its advocates, however, 
discovering this project, lost no time, 



but fell to upon the ancient structure 
with such vigor that ere the sunset not 
one brick remained upon another ; and 
by the time the injunction arrived there 
was nothing left to enjoin, and no course 
remained but to build anew ; and the 
convenient modern building on Elliot 
street now stands as the substantial re- 
sult of the controversy. 

The latest addition to the school build- 
ings owned by the district is that which, 
while most modern and pleasing in style, 
and most conveniently arranged, still 
bears the ancient and uneuphonious 
name of School-street school. It was 
built in 1892, in the place of the two 
small, old-fashioned buildings which had 
long occupied the same ground, and ac- 
commodates classes of the six lower 

The growth, however, of the city, par- 
ticularly in its northern part, and the 
present crowded condition of the schools 
in that quarter, especially the high 
school and School-street buildings, are 
calling in Keene. as in so many of our 
larger cities, for additional accommoda- 
tions ; and it is to be hoped that Keene 
may show greater wisdom in her gener- 
ation than have some of her sister cities, 
in their long delay in providing suitable 
places for the education of the young. 

In the outlying suburbs of the city 
are ten more schools, for the most part 
ungraded, and occupying small brick or 
wooden structures, such as may be seen 
in all our country towns. Only one 
new building has been erected among 
them in recent years: at West Keene, a 
neat school-house was built about 1S79, 
for the accommodation of a graded 
school, which the growth of that portion 
of the city made it needful to establish. 
The other outlying portions of the city, 
however, have suffered the common fate 
of so many of our New England rural 

districts, and steadily declined in popu- 
lation. Many of the suburban schools, 
which thirty years ago had a member- 
ship of twenty or thirty pupils, now have 
but ten or twelve; and some of these 
schools are now closed entirely, the few 
pupils who would attend them being 
conveyed daily, at the public expense, 
to and from the school at West Keene. 

Since Mr. Borbank gave up the charge 
of the high school, in 1S67, it has had 
several principals. Mr. Solomon H. 
Rrackett (Harvard, 1S62) had charge of 
the school until 1875 ; ne was succeeded 
in that year by Mr. Lyman B. Fisk, also 
a graduate of Harvard (1873); and he 
in 1S76 by Mr. James M. Powell, during 
whose term of office the present build- 
ing was erected. In the spring of 1877, 
Mr. Franklin W. Hooper (Harvard, 
1S75) accepted the principalship, and 
during his charge of three years did 
much to improve the instruction given 
in the school, especially as regards the 
science teaching, in which he succeeded 
in arousing great interest. In 1880, 
however, Mr. Flooper felt compelled by 
the prospect of greater usefulness in 
Other fields, to resign the school ; and 
Middlesex A. Bailey, A. M., a graduate 
of "Wesleyan University, was appointed 
his successor. He was succeeded in 
1SS3 by J. M. Mallory : and he, in 1SS7. 
by Charles Henry Douglas, A. M.. a 
graduate of Madison (now Colgate) 
University, and a classical scholar of 
high attainments, who had for some 
years been in charge of a private school 
in Connecticut. During his six-years 
term of office, the school, which had little progress for some years, 
underwent a steady and marked im- 
provement. The course of study was 
enlarged and improved; some of the 
stuaies of the earlier years were rele- 
gated to the grammar schools, thus 



making room for others of a higher 
grade; the standard of scholarship was 
raised ; and improved methods of teach- 
ing were adopted. This at first naturally 
caused the number of students to fall 
off; but this diminution soon gave place 
to a steady increase. Many students 
from the surrounding towns, who desire 
the benefits of secondary education, now 
resort here for instruction ; and this 
number also is steadily rising. 

In 1S87, it was first proposed to em- 
ploy a superintendent o: schools for the 
Union district. This plan made way 
but slowly against the conservatism of 
public sentiment: but in 1S90 it was 
adopted, and Mr. Douglas added the 
duties of this office to his work as head- 
master of the high school. The bene- 
fits of careful supervision at once be- 
came evident in the improvement of 
the schools. The course of study was 
improved ; new text-books were adopted ; 
the standard of scholarship was raised ; 
regular teachers' meetings were insti- 
tuted ; a normal training course was 
established for the preparation of new- 
teachers ; the double promotion system 
was adopted to allow for the more rapid 
advance of the brighter pupils ; besides 
many other reforms and adjustments, 
which have enabled the schools to per- 
form their work more adequately and 
efficiently. In 1S92 the establishment 
of a manual training school was pro- 
posed ; but it has not yet been found 
practicable to carry this plan into effect. 
The need, however, of a school which 
shall supplement the intellectual educa- 
tion of our pupils by adequate training 
for those in whom the mechanical 
faculty is capable of high development 
is recognized by many: and it is hoped 
that the not distant future may see this 
important function added to the school 
svstem of Keene. 

In 1893, Mr. Douglas resigned his 
connection with the Keene schools in 
order to accept the principalship of the 
Hartford, Conn., high school. The 
offices of superintendent and head-mas- 
ter were now separated. The latter 
was filled by the election of Mr. Robert 
A. Ray, a graduate of Dartmouth r 1 S79), 
and an experienced school principal ; 
and the former by the choice of Dr. 
Thaddeus William Harris, a graduate 
of Harvard (18S4), and formerly a 
teacher in that university. 

The effort of the present administra- 
tion is to maintain the schools at a high 
standard of usefulness and to continue 
the improvements already so well be- 
gun. Much attention has been given to 
the convenient and systematic organiza- 
tion of the details of the school-room 
work ; the grasp of the examination 
demon, which has been very tenacious 
upon the Keene schools, has been re- 
laxed : the " Cambridge promotion plan " 
has been put into operation to remedy 
the crudities of the old double promotion 
system : increased attention has been 
devoted to nature study and science ; 
Laboratory work has been increased, and 
laboratory methods applied to new sub- 
jects. But in recognition of the fact 
that the quality and results of the teach- 
ing depend most of all upon the adapta- 
nveness and progressiveness of the 
teachers, the main effort is now to put 
before the teachers large opportunity 
tor self-improvement. To this end a 
beginning has been made in the forma- 
lion of a teachers' library, and the 
teachers have been brought more fre- 
quently together, that they might be 
made better acquainted with one anoth- 
er's labors, that their work might be the 
more harmonized and unified, and that 
mental activity might be stimulated by 
the discussion of live topics. Some- 



times they have been favored with ad- 
dresses by specialists in various lines of 
educational work. The university ex- 
tension movement has obtained a foot- 
hold in Keene, as some of the teachers 
have become interested in its work. 

It is never sufficient, in any field of 
activity, merely to maintain a given 
standard of excellence, least of all in 
the schools. The life of the world 
moves forward ; and the schools, whose 
function it is to bring the young into 
touch with the life of the world, must 
themselves keep pace with its advance. 

This is the desire of the present man- 
agement of the public schools of Keene, 
and with the interest and the approval 
of the community to uphold them, our 
earnest effort is that they may be kept 
ever abreast of the progress of modern 
thought and modern life. 

In conclusion, the writer desires to 
extend his hearty thanks to all those 
who have aided him in gathering the 
materials for this sketch, and especially 
to Mr. F. R. Miller, the sub-master of 
the high school, by whom the views 
illustrating this article were taken. 


Mrs. Elizabeth Hale Jaques, wife of Capt. YV. H. Jaques, died at her home in 
New York on Tuesday, April 2. Mrs. Jaques was a sister of the wife of Senator 
Chandler of Xew Hampshire, and a daughter of the late John P. Hale. She was 
highly accomplished and extremely popular, especially in Washington society. 
Captain Jaques was formerly in the navy, and was naval aide to Secretary Chand- 
ler in the Arthur administration. 


William Quincy Riddle was born in Manchester and died in New York city, 
April 5, aged 65 years. He was a graduate of Harvard, a successful lawyer, and 
identified with some of the leading charitable associations of New York. 


Hon. Asa Beacham, who died at his home in Ossipee, April 5, aged 94 years, 
w r as for many years actively engaged in hotel management, lumbering, and bank- 
ing; was a member of both branches of the legislature, and was for manv years a 
director of the Great Falls & Conway Railroad. 



Henry C. Gray was born in Bennington, May ^9, 1833, an( ^ died at ms home 
in Maiden, Mass., April 5. He learned the trade of printer in Nashua, and after 
working at his trade in Keene, Providence, and Worcester, engaged in newspaper 
editing and publishing, for the last 2^ years of his life being editor and pro- 
prietor of the Maiden Mirror. He is survived by a widow and four daughters. 


George Olcott was born in Charlestown, July 11, 1S3S, and died at his home in 
that town, April 10. Mr. Olcott was for many years treasurer of the Connecticut 
River Savings Bank, and cashier of the National Bank of Charlestown: town 
treasurer for over 30 years: member of the legislature in 1S70 and 1872; for 
many years treasurer of the state convention of the Episcopal diocese, and at the 
time of his death a deputy to the general convention of that church, a trustee of 
the Episcopal church in New Hampshire, and a trustee of Holderness School for 
Boys. Mr. Olcott was never married. 


David Aiken was born in Bedford, June 7, 1804, and died in Greenfield, Mass., 
April 13. He graduated from Dartmouth college in the class of 1S30; studied 
law with James C. Alvord in Greenfield, Mass., and was admitted to the bar in 
1833. He was J l, do e °f the Massachusetts court of common pleas, 1 S 56-*59 : 
Franklin county's representative in the state senate in 1874; counsel of the Troy 
&: Greenfield railroad and the Hoosac Tunnel, in Governor Butler's administra- 
tion, and held many positions of trust. He is survived by two sons and two 


Dr. John P. Blackmer, who died in Springfield, Mass., April 15, was a native of 
■Plymouth and for a time engaged in the practice of his profession at Sandwich 
before removing to Springfield, twenty years ago. He was a graduate of the 
Harvard Medical School, class of 1S54, and during the War of the Rebellion 
served in both the army and navy as surgeon. Dr. Blackmer was prominent as a 
temperance worker and as a member of the Prohibition party, and was the guber- 
natorial candidate in several elections, first in New Hampshire and afterward in 
Massachusetts in 18S9 and 1S90. 


Dr. D. B. YYhittier, who died in Boston April 16, was one of the prominent 
physicians in Fitchburg, having been in practice there thirty-two years. He was 
born in GofTstown, October 21, 1834, wis prominently connected with all the 
homoeopathic medical societies, and was a member of the state board of regis- 
tration in medicine. He leaves a widow and one daughter. 



James Crumble Chadwick was born in Keene, February i, 1820, and died at 

his home in Brooklyn, X. V.. April 21. He learned the cracker baking business 
and first established himself at Xashua, later removing to Lynn, and thirty years 
ago to New York city where he was very successful until he retired, five years 
ago. He married Mary J. Rand of Xashua fifty-four years ago, and she survives 
him, as do two sons. 


John X. Stearns was born in Xew Ipswich and died in Greenpoint, L. I., April 
21, aged 67 years. His entire life was devoted to temperance work, and he was 
a member of the national bodies of the three leading temperance organizations, — 
most worthy patriarch of the Xational Division Sons of Temperance in 1S56, most 
worthy templar of the supreme council of Good Templars in 1S76, and president 
of the Xew York State Temperance Society in 1875. ^ e was a member of the 
Brooklyn board of education three years, county clerk for a term, and one of the 
editors and the publication agent of The National Temperance Advocate at the 
time of his death. As a temperance advocate he was well known in Europe as 
well as in America. 


Dr. Moses R. Greeley was born in Hudson in 1827, and died in South Wey- 
mouth, Mass., April 25. He graduated from Dartmouth College, and from the 
Harvard Medical School in 1S50. He practised his profession at Minneapolis 
for several years and at the time of the Sioux massacre at Fort Snelling was post 
surgeon and was an active participant. He was a veteran of the Rebellion, and 
since the war had been a resident of South. Weymouth. He is survived by a 
widow, three sons, and a daughter. 

Publishers' Xotes. — Rev. Dr. S. C. Bartlett's article on John Wheelock is not found 
in this magazine as promised, on account of its publication in the transactions of the Xew 
Hampshire Historical society, now in press. — The next number of the magazine will con- 
tain an article by Superintendent Fred Gowing or the State Department of Public Instruc- 
tion, entitled "Recent School Legislation and its Effect on Existing Law." 

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In the Merry, Merry Springtime 

My Trees, Virginia C. Hollis ....... 

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New Hampshire's Seventh City. A Sketch of the Ancient Town 

A\n Modern Municipality of Rochester, Willis McDurTee 
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AT THE SPINNET. See page 383. 

The Granite Monthly. 

Vol. XVIII. 

JUNE, 1S95. 

No. 6. 


[Illustrated from photographs by Henry P. Moore, Concord, N. H. 
By John C. Linehan. 

is now nearly 
thirty years since 
the close of the 
Civil War, but to 
those grown to 
manhood at that 
time, the period 
since does not seem so long. To a 
boy, however, who was only five years 
old when Lee surrendered, it must 
seem different, — at least, that is the 
way it appears to the writer, for 
when about that age he saw for the 
first time a regiment in whose ranks 
paraded not a few who were with 
Wellington at Waterloo but thirty 
years before. It was in a town 
located not far from the chief com- 
mercial city Of the south of Ireland. 
The regiment in question was on its 
march to the headquarters at Ballin- 
collig barracks, am! the soldiers were, 
in accordance with the custom of the 
times, billeted for the night on the 

Among those thus quartered near 
by was a little bugler, in the gor- 
geous uniform of the Knglish army, 

with epaulets on his shoulders, and 
cords on his breast. To his little 
five - years - old admirer the dandy 
trumpeter was the most exalted per- 
sonage in creation. 

But a short time since, upon look- 
ing at an illustration accompanying 
Campbell's beautiful poem, "The 
Soldier's Dream," the scene was 
brought to mind as vividly as when 
first witnessed nearly half a century 
ago. The picture, which was a re- 
production of the one to be found in 
the old song-books of fifty years ago 
accompanying the poem, represented 
a boy bugler asleep beside a camp- 
fire on the battlefield ; the sentinel on 
guard stood in the background, both 
dressed in the uniform so familiar to 
all born under the English flag. It 
needed but 'one look at the picture 
to revive forms and faces long since 
passed away, and whose remem- 
brance creates a heart sickness 
known only to those whose love for 
home, friends, and birthplace finds 
vent in expressions of affection and 



" Our bugles rang truce for the night-clotxd 

hail lowered, 
And the sentinel stars set their watch in 

the sky, 
And thousands had sunk on the ground 

The weakly to sleep and the wounded to 
i -die." 

Just sixteen years from that time 
the boy who had fallen in love with 
the English red on the sturdy form of 
the little bugler, found, himself clad 
in the simple but now familiar blue of 

his early manhood, in which for a 
short period lie took a minor part. 

The Third Xew Hampshire, the 
regiment in question, left Concord 
for Hampstead, Long Island, on Sep 
tember 3, 1861, 1,040 strong, well 
officered, and with a first-class regi- 
mental band composed mainly of 
amateur musicians from Concord and 
Peuacook, and led by Gustavus \V. 
Ingalls, who was appointed band- 
master with the rank of second lieu- 




/ ■ I 

A-.- J 

Band-mas*er ard Tc^t-mates. 

the American volunteers, in the ranks 
of a New Hampshire regiment, which 
the fortunes of war and the necessi- 
ties of the times called, to Washing- 
ton early in the autumn of 1861 ; and 
as the picture mentioned revived this 
almost forgotten event of his child- 
hood, so a glance at a collection of 
photographs of scenes connected with 
the regiment, taken in South Caro- 
lina thirty-two years ago, brought to 
his recollection the stirring scenes of 

tenant, having for second leader the 
well known axle manufacturer, D. 
Arthur Brown, of Penacook. 

After a sojourn of several weeks at 
Long Island, the regiment was or- 
dered to Washington, where it re- 
mained until the October following, 
when it was transferred to Annapolis, 
and there it became part of the Sher- 
man expedition which a month later 
effected the capture of Port Royal 
and was engaged in the long cam- 



paign against Charleston, which was 
destined, however, to hold out against 
the combined land and naval forces 
of the Union until Sherman's inarch 
to the sea broke the backbone of the 

In the spring of 1S64, the regiment 
as a part of the Tenth Army Corps 
accompanied Gilmore to Virginia, 
where it remained, participating in 
the many bloody engagements about 
Petersburg, and along the James riv- 

Karly in 1862, Henry P. Moore, 
the well known photographer of Con- 
cord, went to Hilton Head, and the 
collection of pictures spoke:: of is a 
portion of the result of his labors at 
that time. His advent was quite an 
event, for his was the first arrival in 
the regiment from New Hampshire 
since it left there, and it seemed good 
to the boys (for boys they were the", 
in the real sense of the word) to see 
a person direct from Concord, which 

\ ■ 


,> »n* 


The Great Cause of V.'ar. 

er, — including the expedition against 
Fort Fisher, in which it bore an 
honorable part,— until Lee's surren- 
der ended the long struggle and 
saved the regiment from taking the 
journey back to South Carolina, on 
whose sandy shores so many of its 
brave boys had found their last rest- 
ing places during the long, weary 
months they had been campaigning 
along the coast from Savannah to 

they had left six months before, but 
it seemed almost six years. He was 
not long idle, for all, individually or 
collectively, desired their " pieters " 
taken : and it is not too much to say 
that the photographs of not a few 
who never returned are, perhaps, the 
only reminder of the husband, father, 
son, or brother who had marched 
down Main street in Concord on 
their way to the front on September 
x. 1861. 





• • K.|: ' ■>. ^ . ' -' - - .... :. " . • > 

; ' ' 


. ■ ' ' ; ~ ,. 


Hilton Head, Port Royal Bay. 

There was no lack of material for 
the camera, and the artist did not 
confine himself to the photographs of 
the volunteers. The vessels in Port 
Royal bay, the mansions of the de- 
parted aristocrats of the Palmetto 
state, the Popes, Elliotts, Draytons, 
Rhetts, Seabrooks, Mitchells, etc., 
who had left for the mainland on the 
arrival of the hated Yankee ; the offi- 
cers and crews of the men-of-war, the 
Wabash, the Pocahontas % the Pembina, 
the Powhatan^ etc., — all were of in- 
terest, and the reproduction of the 
views then taken will, in spirit, take 
the survivors of these strirring days 
back again to Port Royal, Beaufort, 
Fort Pulaski, Edisto island, and the 
Seabrook plantation, with its delight- 
ful and bewildering flower-gardens, 
conservatories, ponds, and parks ; 
Jehossee island, the home of ex-Gov- 
ernor Aiken, where Company C of 
the Third was in temporary exile for 
a time ; Pinckney island, with its 
sad memories of the surprise and cap- 
ture of Company H ; John's island, 
and the forced march which cost 
many of the boys their extra cloth- 
ing and blankets; James island, the 

scene of their first engagement, and 
the beginning of the long invest- 
ment of Charleston, with its sad 
memories of Morris and Folly islands, 
and the tedious siege of Wagner, a 
siege New Hampshire can never for- 
get, for here fell the gallant Putnam 
of the Seventh and Libbey of the 
Third, and with them hundreds of the 
rank and file of both regiments, — the 
dead to be buried in the sand beside 
the hated negro, and the captured 
living to drag out a miserable exist- 
ence in the prisons of the South, 
where very often death came as a mer- 
ciful relief; St. Augustine. Fernan- 
dina, Jacksonville, and Olustee with 
its fateful memories, for here again 
a goodly quantity of New Hamp- 
shire's best blood stained the soil of 
the land of Ponce de Leon, and the 
Union soldiers received a rough wel- 
come from "Old Finnegan." 

There was no lack of men there 
either, many of whom, later, made 
their marks, either there or on other 
fields. Brig. Gen. Thomas W. Sher- 
man, the commander of the land 
forces occupying Port Royal after its 
capture by the navy, was an artillery 



officer of note when the war broke 
out. Great things were expected of 
him, but they failed to materialize. 
When superseded by Hunter he went 
to the Department of the Gulf, and 
lost a leg at the Battle of Baton 
Rouge. He died a few years ago 
at Newport, Rhode Island. He was 
followed as department commander 
by Maj. Gen. David Hunter, a gra- 
cious gentleman and a fine officer. 
In him the contrabands found a true 
friend, so true, indeed, that at one 
period his partiality aroused the jeal- 
ousy of the troops who had at that 
time hardly arrived at the conclusion 
that a negro was as good as a white 
man. Major-General Mitchell fol- 
lowed Hunter, an ex-college pro- 
fessor and a man with a brilliant 
record in the Western army ; but he 
fell before a foe more potent than 
even that equipped with shot and 
shell, for the yellow fever claimed 
him as a victim shortly after he 
had assumed command. Hunter 
was again at the head of the de- 
partment, and was followed by Gil- 
more, Foster, and Terry. 

Maj. Gen. Q. A. Gilmore went to 
Port Royal as a captain of engineers 
on Sherman's staff. His fame as an 
engineer is too well known to require 
mention. He reached the full rank 
of major-general of volunteers, and 
was one of the commanders of the 
Tenth Corps. Terry went down to 
Port Royal as colonel of one of the 
two Connecticut regiments in the 
expedition, and rose, step by step, 
until he was commissioned major- 
general in the regular army. His 
brilliant achievement at Fort Fisher 
was a fitting conclusion to a long and 
honorable career in the Tenth Army 
Corps, and secured for him a prize 
not easily acquired by an officer in 
the volunteer service. Maj. Gen. 
John G. Foster more properly be- 
longed to North Carolina, but he 
had. command for a time at Port 
Royal. He was one of the original 
garrison of Fort Sumter when it sur- 
rendered to Beauregard, and if all of 
his associates were in possession of 
the same uncompromising spirit, a 
different story would have been told. 
He was a son of New Hampshire, 


EhL -*f '• v 

2 [j^~-^ 

- \. * 

--,. .-<■---. 

Ufa I K^rnWwSa 

1 mmmi - 

Maopy D-»ys at H'l'on H^ad. 




and was in the United States army 
from his early manhood, being se- 
verely wounded in the Mexican War. 
All are gone, Hunter, Gihnore, Ter- 
ry, and Poster having received their 
final muster out. 

Among others who acquired dis- 
tinction afterwards, but who were at 
Port Royal in 1 86 1— '62,* were Maj. 
Gen. Horatio G. Wright, later com- 
mander of the Sixth Corps, one of 
the three brigade commanders of the 
expedition, and who possessed the 
love and esteem of all the men who 
had ever served under him ; Brig. 
Gen. Isaac I. Stevens, who led the 

Adam Badeau, who accompanied 

the expedition as a newspaper © 
spondent, received an appointment as 
military secretary to General Sher- 
man, went with him to the Depart- 
ment of the Gulf, and there met Gen- 
eral Grant and fame ; Col. Charles G. 
Halpine, better known as " Private 
Miles O'Reilly of the Forty-seventh 
Xew York." assistant adjutant-gen- 
eral on the staff of Gen. David Hun- 
ter, a typical Irishman, very much of 
the same character as his namesake, 
John Boyle O'Reilly, a soldier, a poet, 
and a genial gentleman with all the 
wit and versatility of his race, who 

1 K 




v. • ?*"• Jfi 

Col. J. C Abbott. 

Col. T. J. Whi 

Maj. j. S. Durgin. 

Seventy- ninth Highlanders and 
Eighth Michigan at Secessionville in 
June, 1S62, and fell at South Moun- 
tain in September following; Brig. 
Gen. Joseph R. Hawley, who went 
out as lieutenant-colonel of one of 
the Connecticut regiments mentioned, 
and who is at present in the United 
States senate: Brig. Gen. Egbert L. 
Viele, one of the engineers that laid 
out Central park, and who was 
towards the end of the war com- 
mandant at Norfolk, Ya. ; Gen. Hor- 
ace Porter, who went to Port Royal 
as a first lieutenant of engineers, and 
who is now considered the best post- 
prandial speaker in the world ; Gen. 

died much in the same way as his 
lamented Boston namesake ; Gen. 
Charles R. Brayton, chief of artillery 
in the Tenth Army Corps in the latter 
year of the war, and a great factor 
politically in Rhode Island ever since : 
Prof. Alonzo Williams, of Brown 
university, one of the most polished 
speakers in Xew England as well as 
one of the most interesting, was a 
private and lieutenant in the Third 
Rhode Island; Col. Patrick H. 
O'Rourke, who was a captain of 
engineers on Sherman's staff, and 
whose active military career began 
at the first Bull Run in July, iS6i, 
and ended at Little Round Top, 



where he fell at the head of his regi- 
ment, the One Hundred and Fortieth 
New York, on July 2, 1863. 

The Granite state was also well 
represented outside of the Third, lor 
there were General Abbott, who suc- 
ceeded the lamented Putnam in com- 
mand of the Seventh ; Maj. Jeremiah 
S. Durgin, of the same regiment, who 
had three sons in the service (the 
veteran residents of Concord will re- 
member him as the old-time landlord 

Xew London, of the Fourth, and 
later of the Eighteenth, one of the 

bravest men the state sent forth, and 
as honest and square as he was 
brave : Col. Frank \V. Parker, of the 
Fourth, who has acquired fame as an 
educator since the war. for a number 
of years superintendent of education 
in Cook county, Illinois, where his 
great success has given him a nation- 
al reputation; Maj. Jeremiah 1). 
Drew of the same regiment, who now 

Col. Louis Be! 



Lt. Col. J. M. Ciough. 

Col. J. D. Drew. 

Rev. D. C. Knowles. 

of the Washington House in Fisher- 
ville); Col. Tom Whipple, of the 
Fourth, who died within a few years, 
— genial old Tom, whom his men 
idolized to the day of his death ; Col. 
Louis Bell, of the same regiment, 
who fell at Fort Fisher in the hour of 
victory, and who was sprung from 
one of Xew Hampshire's historic 
families, and nobly maintained for 
nearly four years in active service 
the manly reputation of his ances- 
tors; Gen. Joseph M. Ciough, of 

resides in Lawrence, but keeps up 
his connection with his old comrades 
in New Hampshire by attending reg- 
ularly the reunions at The Weirs 
(and 110 one is more welcome). 

The Third was at first brigaded with 
the Eighth Maine, and the Forty- 
sixth, Forty-seventh, and Forty- 
eighth New York regiments. The 
Maine regiment could boast of parad- 
ing the largest men in line. The 
Forty-seventh was a New York city 
regiment, and whatever might be said 



of tHeir appearance tliey were fighters organization. The colonel was a 

from the word go. Major Bedel of graduate of West Point, and when 

the Third, bluff, rough, and ready, commissioned colonel of the Foj 

was detailed to command them at one eighth was a clergyman of the Meth- 

time. In him they found a man alter odist denomination. He was one of 

their own heart, and in consequence the finest looking officers in the corps. 

his name is considered blessed among The material of this regiment was aot 

the veteran survivors of that regiment surpassed, perhaps, by any other or- 

to-day. The Forty-sixth was com- gamzation in the department. One 

posed of Germans, well officered, 
well drilled, and in perfect discipline. 
The Forty-eighth was from Brooklyn 
mainly, and was called Beecher's reg- 
iment from the interest he took in its 

full company was made up of stu- 
dents, and its captain was no less 
a personage than the Rev. D. C. 
Kriowles of Tilton, the recent Pro- 
hibition candidate for governor. 

[to be continued.] 


Hypatia, Diana, and I have been 
on a sketching tour through the 
by-ways of Strafford. Of course it 
was Hypatia's idea : she came in one 
May morning all aglow with it. 
"To-morrow," said she, in her own 
figurative and picturesque way, "we 
will strike our tents and be off. A 
far, faint blue robes the shimmering 
hills, the fields shine with the tender 
green of early summer, and all along 
the roadsides the gnarled and knotted 
apple trees are bursting into bloom." 

"Ah, yes!" cried Diana flip- 
pantly, "the leaves shoot, and the 
bull rushes out. Strike we will! " 

"My grandfather," continued 
Hypatia with dignity, " will lend us 
a conveyance and an animal to draw 

" Will it be a buffalo and an ambu- 
lance, or a jinrickisha and a camel?" 
inquired Diana anxiously. 

"I have heard," said Hypatia, 
with the air of a professor addressing 
a summer school of philosophy, 

"'that very curious modes of travel- 
ling prevail among different nations, 
but I have never read that buffaloes 
have been broken to harness, or cam- 
els attached to jinrickishas Some- 
time," she added, turning to me, ''it 
will be interesting to make an ex- 
haustive, illustrated study of car- 
riages, from the earliest records to the 
present da v." 

"Splendid!" cried Diana, "Chalk 
Talk by Sister Sophie! We'll hire 
a " 

" Diana," interrupted Hypatia with 
unusual emphasis, "one unalterable 
condition attaches itself to this expe- 
dition — all your belongings, to the 
last paint brush and bit of charcoal, 
must be ready tonight, for we start 
at sunrise." 

"But why," remonstrated Diana. 
"Time was made for • slaves, dear 
Hypatia, and the country ever ha- a 
lagging spring; let us throw our- 
selves into the spirit of the season, 
and lag also. Yankee briskness and 



eome-to-timeutiveness arc all incon- 
gruous with the artistic tempera- 
ments proper for three Marie Bash- 
kirseffs on a sketching journey. 
What we should do is to set our 
faces, like a flint, against the eager 
haste and nervous intensity of the 
American nation, and cultivate 
4 Power through Repose. 1 In short," 
she added, coming nimbly down from 
herhigh horse, "let's take it easy."' 

Now Diana, with the soul of an 
artist, is, first and foremost, a mighty 
hunter, and does not scorn to take 
the field and consume unlimited time 
in pursuit of very small game. 
Gloves, handkerchiefs, tubes of 
paint, brushes, etc., are always 
among the missing when Diana trav- 
els, and Hypatia had so often been 
called upon to enjoy the pleasures of 
the chase, on these occasions, that 
even her serene philosophy had be- 
gun to give way. Still she only said 
rather vaguely. "'Experience keeps 
a dear school', Di, as old Ben Frank- 
lin said, and ' if you do not hear Rea- 
son she will rap your knuckles.' " 

'•I'm hearing her," cried Di, 
jumping up, " but let's not have any 
talk about rapping knuckles. I 
promise here and now, that whoever 
delays your grandfather's chariot 
wheels at the crack of dawn, it shall 
* not be I. 

And behold ! — who may be seen 
by the first rays of the morning light, 
fetching and carrying and " search- 
ing her house diligently," but Diana. 

Hypatia's ancestral conveyance 
proves to be a serviceable two-seated 
wagon, drawn by a tall sheep-faced 
horse, of a rusty red color. I men- 
tally touch him up with a glaze of 
burnt sienna and ivory black. Hypa- 
tia, sitting on the rough front seat, 

a queen o:\ a throne, with Peter 

Paul Rubens, her pet vSkye, beside 
her, I decide that 1 will not touch 
up. for the summer morning itself is 
:. I fairer than Hypatia in her simple 
flannel gown, and every hair of 
Peter Paul's pretty little blue-gray 
head shines with contentment and 
the best French soap. 

Away into the beautiful new world 
of the early dawn we ride, past lanes 
and orchards sweet with blossoms, 
and fresh fields, "prime with green 
an'.} starred with glory." Here and 
there the pinkish brown of the newly 
ploughed ground lies in charming 
contrast on the tender, glowing 
green, and the softly wooded hills of 
tine middle distance melt in beautiful 
indistinctness into the far-away blue 
of the Strafford range. High above 
as early birds trill and thrill in floods 
of song. We wax poetical with the 
joy and loveliness on even' side. 
"Oh. the golden world," I begin, 
when suddenly from the heart of a 
silvery-green willow, comes a song so 
sweet that we listen with breathless 
delight. Once and again it is car- 
olled — there is a little flutter of 
wings — and our bird has flown. 

"That's the wise thrush," emotes 
Hypatia. "He sings each song 
twice over, lest you should think he 
never could recapture 

•' The first, fine, careless rapture ! " 

'That's Mr. Browning," says 
DiiLina, in a finely feigned ecstasy. 
"I should never be wise enough to 
capture the rapture of some of his 
songs if he should sing them ten 
times twice over." 

Hypatia, adoring Browning, and 
having been a president of one of his 
cla t>s, casts a glance of stern official 



rebuke upon Diana, but before she 
can give it voice I hastily interpose 
with a wondering remark upon the 
number of abandoned farms along 
our road. They have tidy little 
houses, for the most part, standing, 
in pathetic loneliness, with grass 
growing into the very doorways. 
One has neat green paper shades 
drawn carefully over the windows, 
and, through the half-open door of 
the barn we see an old-fashioned two- 
wheeled gig. leaning sadly on its 
broken shafts, with all its travelling 
days done. We speculate a little 
about the former owners, and wonder 
when they rode away for the last 
time, and why they rode, and where. 
Diana makes a hasty sketch of the 
little house, with its overhanging 
lilac bushes, which she says she shall 
use to illustrate a poem she means to 
write — "The Last Foot-fall on the 

A turn in the road shows us a fine, 
large mansion, in the old colonial 
style, which, to our surprise, is also 
deserted. It has a wide piazza, with 
a long row of Doric pillars : a droop- 
ing willow weeps forlornly over a side 
door, and there is a border of noble 
elms around the beautiful, curved 
lawn. We immediately people this 
house, after the manner of Mr. Tregg, 
with Uncle Parker, Mr. George, and 
Aunt Jane, and Diana plans a pretty 
Priscilla in the stately doorway, and 
a troop of lovers turning in at the 
wide gate. 

"How simple, yet stirring," phi- 
losophizes Hypatia, "life must have 
been in the old New England days, 
when women had only two or three 
gowns each, few servants, and no 
bric-a-brac ; and the men, with 
1 Nature and Satan and Indians to 

fight, ' had no time for politics, base- 
ball, or bicycles. I should like to 
have lived then, and had a hand in 
bringing Freedom up and the wilder- 
ness down." 

"I calculate." said Diana, "that 
it is nearly an eighth of a mile from 
the back door to that picturesque 
well down by the stone wall, and I 
have concluded that life, with water 
at that distance, would be altogether 
too 'simple and stirring ' for me. I 
should prefer to do my Rebecca- a t- 
the-well business with a tub of lem- 
onade at a church fair, as we do in 
these days." 

I consider that it is time for me to 
contribute a moral reflection to the 
conversation. "We look before and 
after at different ages," I begin, 
" very- much as we look at these hills, 
through the purple haze of distance. 
If we were near enough to climb, we 
should either find trees to fell, and 
boulders to blast, or a rough, rocky 
path, with no blue romance about it. 
I believe that every age has its spe- 
cial, splendid opportunities. That is 
a fine, cheerful saying of Thoreau. — 
1 I have never got over my surprise 
that I should have been born into the 
most estimable place in all the world, 
and in the very nick of time, too." ' 

Diana says that the.^e are excellent 
seiL:iments. and she would receive 
them standing, and in silence, if it 
were not for the unfavorable jolting 
of the wagon. For we have come to 
the place where, from the nature of 
the country, the miles begin to stand 
on end like those in the kingdom of 
Namgay Doola. Nancy takes the 
steep hills with unexpected dash ; run- 
ning rapidly down one, in a zigzag 
and devious way. she acquires suffi- 
cient headway to carry her half way 



up the next. We decide that she 
is a reincarnated Arabian courser. 
Through fragrant, wooded passes we 
catch captivating glimpses of our 

promised land, and are wild with 
enthusiasm. 01 silently delighted in 
our different ways. Diana races 
over the high, rocky pastures with 
their stunted pines, and background 
of "heaven-kissing hills," Nancy, 
with a certain instinct that the jour- 
ney is nearly over, strikes even a 
swifter pace, and Peter Paul, stirred 
to the depths of his being, by the 
beauty all around, and the ^ight of a 
squirrel flying along a stone wall, 
decides that he too will take the 
road. Hypatia suggests that we cast 
a critical eye upon the farmhouses 
along the way, that when we find 
one of sufficiently hospitable exterior 
we may alight and offer ourselves as 
guests for a few days. Diana says 
that any vague and flowery way of 
putting the case will not appeal to 
the Yankee house-keeping mind. 
We should say, "Here are three 
women, a horse, and a dog, who 
desire food and lodging for a few- 
days, for which they are prepared to 
pay an equivalent in hard money — 
will you kindly take them in?" 

It occurs to me that, during this 
discussion, we are passing desirable 
farmhouses, and as it is more a ques- 
tion of wdiat we can get, than how 
we get it, I urge that we begin to 
appeal right' and left at once. So we 
draw up before a pleasant looking, 
spacious house and advance upon it 
in rather formidable procession. A 
huge, yellow cat sits upon the wide 
door-step, with what appears to be 
a halo of blue ribbon round its 
moon-shaped face. Peter Paul hur- 
ries on to investigate this phenom- 

enon, and liis refined, artistic soul 

is shocked to the core t<» find that 
the ribbon is tied through long 
slits in the animal's ears. He 
casts a glance of deep disgust and 
horror upon her. and receiving in 
return a swift, sharp cuff on each 
ear, retires with loud lamentation 
beyond, the enemy's country. Draw- 
ing nearer, we hear a flatiron thump- 
ing energetically up and down. 
Hypatia's knock is followed by a 
thump of unusual emphasis ; then 
the approach of brisk footsteps, and 
a very brisk little woman indeed 
appears, cud gives us a cheerful 
goodday. To her Hypatia states 
our case in her most winning way. 

"Oh, dear! " says the brisk little 
woman, "I couldn't have ye any 
way in the world ; we 've got a lot of 
men on for the late planting, and 
I 'm drove to death ; you 'd want us 
to bait the horse, too, I s'pese, and 
the barn 's full of creatures now ; 
then Lady Henry wouldn't stand 
that little pup round ; he'd have his 
eyes scratched out the first thing. 

''Dear me!" said Diana, with, 
interest, "is Lady Henry the cat:*" 

"Yes," "said the little woman, 
patting the bedizened head rather 
proudly, " Lady Henry Somerset. Sis, 
that's nvy daughter, named her; Si< 
belongs to the ' Vs.' and not 
would do but she must have the blue 
ribbins in the cat's ears all the time ; 
I don't set no such store by 'em 
myself. Now," she continued, re- 
turning to a friendly consideration 
of our case, "if I was you, I'd try 
the Widder Hiram Huckins; turn 
down the next lane, second house 
on the right hand side. She 's had 
summer boarders, and'.- a master 
hand doiug for strangers.' 



We thank her and turn away, 
when, with a kindly instinct of hospi- 
tality, she calls after us, — " Here' " 
she says, ''Ic'n give ye a dish of 
tea, and a slice of pie \s well as not. 
if ye say so." 

Hypatia looks back undecidedly, 
but two pairs of dissenting hands 
lay hold of her wavering skirts, and. 
with heartiest thanks, we drive away. 

"I could never stay in a house 
with that Feejee Islander, in the 
shape of a cat, not to mention the 
4 dish of tea ' and the pie ! " declares 

"You must understand, young- 
ladies," says Hypatia, " that we 
have crossed the pie-line, as Mr. 
Kipling or some one else calls it, 
and are now in the region of per- 
petual pie ; so you see that sneers 
or jeers at this article of food are 
quite out of plccr. Besides," she 
continues, warming to the defence 
of the despised viand, "a well-made 
pie is a very good thing ; call it a 
gooseberry tart, and it will be Eng- 
lish and desirable and perhaps taste 
no better nor worse." 

"Say no more," says Diana. — 
"be it ever so humble Twill eat my 
pie henceforth as a patriot should." 

The "Widder Hiram Huckius " 
received us very cordially. She 
could put us up as well 's not, she 
said, and was real glad we *d hap- 
pened along. She told us, further- 
more, that she was expecting old 
man Berry from over 't the Ridge, 
with some pullets he 'd promised to 
trade for some blamed little roosters 
she wanted to get rid of. and if we 'd 
take pot luck to-day. she 'd risk but 
she'd give us " brilers " to-morrow. 
We considered this a joyful hearing, 
and having cheerful!}' quenched our 

thirst and hunger un tea, doughnuts, 
and pie. we set forth to immortalize 

ourselves and the whole Strafford 
Diana obtained Hypatia' S consent 
to hand Nancy down to posterity in 

tht- foreground of one of the rocky 

ires that she had set her heart 
upon painting. She said that Nancy 
would not only add just the right 
touch of life and color, but that she 
was distinctly a New England type — 
one of the Pilgrims, described by 
Saxe — " If their faces were long, 
their endurance was longer." She 
was very sure, was Diana, that 
Nancy's long-suffering countenance 
in connection with the scanty turf, 
grey boulders, and scrubby pines of 
the pasture land, would make a most 
ha.rmonious composition that could 
net fail to win fame and dollars for 
the master-mind that conceived it. 

1 felt compelled to remind Diana 
of the wise old saying that "perfec- 
tion does not eonsist in doing extraor- 
dinary things, but in doing ordinary 
ones extraordinarily well." I myself 
sat humbly down before a little 
weather-beaten cottage, with an apple 
tree leaning picturesquely over a 
stone wall in the foreground. I 
resolved to make a symphony in 
brown and pink of this composition, 
in which I succeeded, to the lively 
satisfaction of an army of small boys, 
whose teacher, they told me, had 
gone to a grangers' meeting. They 
enjoyed my painting and my society 
in such a flattering manner that I 
could not find it in my heart to >^\\d 
them away, though they were embar- 
rassingly numerous. One of them, 
with a polite idea of making some 
return for the entertainment I had 
f urn:: -died, brought up a few tiny fish 



from the pond near by, which he 
offered to skin for my amusement. 
And when, the light beginning to 
fail, 1 conclude to return to the hos- 
pitable roof of the " Widder Huck- 
ins." they show themselves very 
courteous little knights, escorting me 
up the road, and carrying my paint- 
ing traps, with the greatest pride and 

Hypatia presently joins us, coining 
from a lane, where she says she has 
found some marvellous grey-green 
willows — ' " veritable Corots, ' ' — and 
as we draw near the high pasture 
Diana also appears, leading the 
much-enduring Nancy, She has tied 
her umbrella, easel, etc., into one of 
her inimitable bundles, which is fas- 
tened in a mvsterious, one-sided fash- 

ion upon Nancy's back. As the two 
come slowly down the hill I am re- 
minded of a Sioux squaw about to 
pitch her tepi on the banks of the 
Platte. A biight-faced lad of six- 
teen lets down the bars for the cav- 
alcade to pass through, and leads 
Nancy into the large, comfortable 

A delightful odor of coffee and grid- 
dle-cakes steals upon the evening air, 
and mingles harmoniously with the 
fragrance of the pines. Peter Paul, 
from the safe haven of the back door, 
regards the "blamed little roosters" 
with anxious friendliness. Content- 
ment wraps us about as with a gar- 

" I could stay here forever! " says 
the Sioux squaw. 

By Virginia C. Hollis. 

Along the sidewalk in front of my 
home, stand an elm, a linden, and 
two maples, planted twenty-five years 
ago, by. one of nature's lovers. Ever 
since we came here, one bright, 
spring morning, they have been my 
unfailing comrades and comforters. 
Their first overtures towards friend- 

their carollings. One learned my 
name, and would pipe forth " Ma-ry, 
Ma-ry," as regularly as morning 
came. I detected this familiar sound 
and spoke of it to my husband, 
whose poetic sensibilities are dim 
and shadowy, and he laughed at it 
as nonsense, but a dear friend, to 

ship were little, furry buds dropped whom I had boasted of rising at a 

into my lap as I sat upon the porch, 

and the most enticing book could not 

compel my attention, for ever and 

anon my gaze would stray to the 

thickening foliage which extended 

like a vast umbrella over the lawn 

and porch, even to the windows of 

my dwelling. It was delightful to 

throw my head back and look and 

think. Birds built their nests there. 

and wakened me at earliest dawn bv 

certain hour, visited us, and the 
next morning after her arrival re- 
marked. " No wonder you can wake 
regularly with a bird calling ' Ma-ry. 
Ma-ry ' as soon as daybreak." I 
could not help a triumphant look at 
my husband. 

In the .sweet June mornings it was 
lovely to lie in bed, my chamber 
windows wide open, while my trees 
murmured greetings and told me of 



the day. Was it rainy, they swished 
against the panes and said, "Nice, 
cosy day to stay in doors and read 
and sew and talk with us ; we are 
here, and the birds, twittering, twit- 
tering — no intruders to-day, — you 
and we — we and you, so charming ! " 
Was it sunny, the couch could not 
hold me so long. "Out on the 
porch, out on the porch," whispered 
my trees ; so I despatched my duties, 
and if there were apples to pare or 
peas to shell, out on the porch I 
took them. What have I not done 
on that porch ? Yards of stitching on 
my sewing-machine, which would 
have been so tedious in doors, was 
merriment itself as I hummed in time 
to the whirring of the wheel. Cut- 
ting out garments on my little work- 
table, with such surroundings, lost 
its perplexities ; while the irksome- 
ness of darning socks dissolved under 
the charm of low benedictions from 
my trees, continuous, continuous. 

July scorchings and August heats 
were divested of their terrors. More 
protective grew my friends, and 
closer I clung to them. Who would 
care to wander from such delightful 
company? Acquaintances had fled to 
the mountains or the seashore, but I 
was contented at home. The sweet 
seclusion suited me. Occasional 

drives into adjacent suburbs gave 
variety of vision, but I was always 

glad to return. Sunsets, as viewed 
from my porch, were glorious. I 
had to get lower down as the eve- 
ning deepened, for my trees, as if 
jealous of my admiration for aught 
but them, impeded my view. Indeed, 
they seemed to have all human attri- 
butes — jealousy? Anger likewise, 
when September gales roused them 
to violent thrashings of their branches. 
October made them gay and worldly 
in their gaudy dresses; November, 
sad and melancholy as they were 
shorn of their glory. In December 
they peacefully accepted, as we all 
must at last, the inevitable shroud of 

But, thank God, this is not the 
end. Life again awaits us and them : 
after the burial the resurrection, 
after the repose of January and Feb- 
ruary, in March comes the awaken- 
ing, and through these months I love 
my trees the more. For the life 
is there, and it is sweetly said 
by Emerson, "Before the leaf-bud 
bursts, its whole life acts ; in the 
full-blown flower there is no more ; 
in the leafless root there is no less." 
So it is with my trees. In the 
tillie of their seeming barrenne>s, I 
think of the marvellous life within. 


By Edward A. Jenks* 

" I 'd had a d'lieious birthday ! I was just 'xactly eight : 
So Mamma told my Grandpapa, who came in awful late — 
Soon after all the dollies and their mothers 'd gone away, 
And I and Ann Maria were so tired we couldn't play, 
Although I 'm sure he wanted to — but Grandpapa is nice: 
He said he 'd 'xcuse us this time, but he could n't do it twice ! 


" And was n't it the sweetest thing? — dear Mamma 'ranged it all ! — 
To have my birthday come in May, when apple-blossoms fall 
Like great warm rosy snow-flakes all over the soft grass. 
And the dandelions have to blow and struggle through the mass 
To get their heads above the snow, p'eisely as the boys 
Do in the winter-time, but not with such a mis'ble noise ! 

" So after dolly 'd said her prayers — I b'lieve I'd said mine too — 
And Mamma 'd kissed me — just how many times I never knew — 
And said ' Good-night, with pleasant dreams,' and tucked us all in tight 
(You would n't b'lieve it ! but I tumbled out of bed one night 
And bumped my nose ! ) I went to sleep, and never knew a thing 
Until, along towards morning, I heard a ting-a-ling-ling. 

II Well, p'r'aps I was n't wide awake ! — but I just gave a leap 
Right out of bed, and left poor Ann Maria fast asleep, 
And hurried to the window where it opens on the lawn — 
And what d' you think I saw out there, all in the early dawn ? 
Why, forty hundred dew-bells rung by forty hundred elves ! 
Nobody heard those elfin chimes but just me — and themselves ! 

II I heard them ring as plain as day ; — and down among the trees 
I saw the funniest goings-on ! — Some great fat Bumblebees, 
And Humming-birds, and Butterflies, and lots of other things — 
Bach one before a dew-drop mirror prinked, and stretched her wings, 
And combed her hair — then washed her face and bathed her pretty toes 
In the little pools that nestled in some sleepy Jacqueminots. 

11 And then, to end their frolic — all their toilets being done — 
They found a 'normous dew-drop, just as golden as the sun — 
Almost as fat and jolly — which they whirled and danced around — 
The skirt dance ! — I know how myself ! — with not a single sound 
Except the cut-glass elfin bells, and the laughter of the bees 
As they kicked, and bowed, and swayed, and twisted, underneath the trees. 

*'I could n't stand it 'nother minute — rushed headlong down the stair 
Bare-footed, in my ' nighty,' dragging dolly by the hair — 
My own hair flying wildly — and we joined the merry-go-round 
Till the dew-drop grew so dizzy she rolled over on the ground : 
'T was then the Butterfly trod upon old Bumble's sorest toe, 
And the touchy thing just threatened 'sassination to her foe! 

11 She alii ays carried — so she said — a dagger or two for use 

hi just such cases, and ' 7 would give her pleasure to introduce 

But the speech was never finished, for the Butterfly flew away — 
And the Bumblebee sent for a doctor — and the rest of us wouldn't stay — 
And — what seems most inexp-p'cable — my Mamma ' Good-morning' said. 
And I looked around, and there we were, both snug in our little bed! " 




By Willis McLhtffee. 

• -3 v fF all the places 
I have seen in 
the East, none 
reminds me so 
much of a thor- 
oughly typical 
western town as 
this," was the remark of a citizen of 
Minneapolis on the occasion of a re- 
cent visit to Rochester. It was a state- 
ment in line with numerous utter- 
ances on the part of strangers concern- 
ing this energetic young municipality 
of south-eastern New Hampshire. 

In certain respects the same thing 
could be said of many places in the 
Granite state. Xew Hampshire does 
at first glance bear a striking resem- 
biance in not a few particulars to por- 
tions of the great West. Its sons 
who have staid at home and lent their 
energies to the development of its 
resources have largely the same char- 
acteristics as have their brothers who 
have emigrated to distant parts of the 
country. New Hampshire has enter- 
prising, thriving towns, which in 
point of wonderful growth and rapid 
development may almost bear com- 
parison even with those far-famed 
regions where villages spring up from 
the bare plains, as it were, in a night 
and large cities are but the work of a 
decade. The large agricultural inter- 
ests of our state also afford an addi- 
tional instance of this similarity, and, 

sad to say, our commonwealth has 
not always been free from sonn- of the 
popular fallacies concerning social, 
economic, and financial problems 
which, carried to greater lengths in 
many western localities, have some- 
times brought disastrous results. 

Xew Hampshire, however, has the 
advantage of age and experience, 
which tend toward conservatism and 
stability, and, besides possessing an 
attractive present, it offers an inter- 
esting field for the historian and the 
lover of romance. A great many of 
its towns and cities are peculiarly rich 
in their fund of legendary lore and 
fascinating incidents connected with 
the old colonial times, the days of 
Indian warfare, and of the struggles 
of the earlv settlers in subduing the 
new and untamed land. 

Perhaps no place within its borders 
better illustrates these general char- 
acteristics of the Granite state than 
does the ancient town and present 
city of Rochester. The traveller who 
should to-day enter Rochester for the 
first time would be at once imprc 
with its air of business prosperity and 
enterprise. The large factories, full 
of activity and industry, which pass 
before one's eyes as he comes into the 
city by rail, the immense network of 
railroad tracks, covered with freight 
cars and moving trains, the bustle and 
rush at the Union station into which 



High School Bu Idmg. 

run four different railway lines, the 

yet Rochester possesses an 
abundance of such treas- 
ures, not only for the life- 
long resident and him who 
takes pains to hunt foi 
them, but even for the cas- 
ual reader. Its history*, he- 
gun years ago by the late 
Franklin McDuffee, and 
completed after his death 
by his college classmate. 
Rev. Silvanus Hayward, 
under the direction of Mr. 
McDuffee's father and fam- 
ily, is one of the most 
fascinating local histories 
ever written, and is of great interest. 

I • • 


- . . . 

... . 

Rochester, from the side of Haven's Hill. 

business streets alive with traffic, the 
large and handsome stores crowded 
with shoppers. — all this 
presents to one's mind a 
picture of present activity, 
a nourishing little munici- 
pality still in the first vigor 
of its youth, destined per- 
haps for great things in 
the future. 

There is little in such an 
introduction suggestive of 
interesting historical asso- 
ciations, of quaint charac- 
ters, of romantic episodes, 
and of valuable relies con- 
nected with the days be- 
fore the Revolution. And 

The original town of Rochester was 
located, not on the broad plain where 

3 6 ° 



. \ 


Main Street, from Central Sa-a'e previous to IS68. 

the present city stands and which inspiration to the sturdy colonists in 

adds much to that western appearance their struggles against such ovcr- 

already spoken of, but on the summit whelming odds. 

of a long, gently sloping hill some two Towards the south-east arose the 
miles below the present site. It was full, blue outline of Agamt-nticus, the 
a most suitable spot on which to found historic old mountain which over- 
a new settlement in those early days looked the Maine settlement of that 
of the eighteenth century. Not only name, afterwards changed to York, a 
did its commanding position and its famous place in those days and one 
wide view of all the surrounding which has since furnished much mate- 
country provide security against a rial for the romancer and the histo- 
lurking foe, but the grand prospect rian. A few miles south was the 
which its situation afforded was well town of Dover, from which many of 
calculated to give encouragement and these settlers had come, visible from 










IJpper Mam Street. 



Wakefield StreeT, f-om Central Square. 

an adjoining summit only about a 
quarter of a mile distant and afford- 
ing a certain sense of companionship 
and safety to the isolated inhabitants 
so beset with dangers on every hand. 
Towards the southwest they could see 
the peculiar outlines of the Pawtuck- 
aways, and in the east was visible the 
triple-peaked Bauneg Beg, mountains 
now renowned for their beauty and 
their Indian associations. And look- 
ing north, across the broad stretch of 
beautiful wooded valley, through a 
gap in the nearer hills, they might 

i ■ 

behold in a clear day the gleaming 
side of the King of the White hills 
himself, Mt. Washington, as well as 
some of his neighbors in the Presi- 
dential range. It was altogether a 
scene to appeal strongly to these 
rugged and indomitable spirits, and 
to give them strength and courage. 

Rochester was incorporated as a 
town in 1722, but nine towns in the 
state being of earlier date. It was 
not, however, until some years later 
that it was actually settled. The 
first settler was probably Capt. Timo- 




- • 

"• '.' 

,.__ _ 

- J 

Hanson'? Street. 






( I 




three years of ministry, and his re- 
mains lie in the old burying-ground 

at the top of the hill, beside the .spot 
where his church used to stand. 

From the time when the church 
was fairly started Rochester grew and 
prospered. Its citizens were sturdy, 
energetic, and patriotic. For nearly 


Mayor R. V. Sweet. 

thy Roberts of Dover, who moved his 
family here in 172S, although his 
claim to this distinction has been dis- 
puted. The town may be said to 
have been fairly started in 1730, when 
it was voted to build a meeting-house, 
the church in those days being 
always the heart of the town, and the 
histories of church and state being 
closely bound together. This church 
was built in the following year. 

Rev. Amos Main was the first pas- 
tor. He was born in York, Me., and 
in ruggedness of character, plainness 
and force of speech, faithfulness to 
duty, and influence over the commu- 
nity where he labored, he was 
scarcely inferior to that minister of 
his native town, so famous in litera- 
ture, Parson Moody. He was a phy 
sician, as well as preacher, and his 
work in this line sometimes called 
him as far away as Wells, Rye, 
Greenland, Dover, Durham, and 
-other neighboring places. Parson 
Main died in Rochester, after twentv- 



x //■ 

- / 

■ / 

Postmaster C. W. Bickford. 

twenty years after the settlement of 
the town there were, fortunately, no 
serious Indian disturbances. But 
when occasion did arise for soldiers 
Rochester men were found good 
fig". iters and. after the Indians were 
subdued, the town was not backward 
in doing its share toward defending 
the colonists' liberties, against the 
trained armies of the mother country. 
Many fascinating incidents there 
are connected with the Indian war- 
fare carried on by Rochestei citizens, 
and their part in the Revolution, 
which might be told, did not lack of 
space forbid. One of the sturdiest 
and most skillful of fighters, and one 



who likewise was most influential in 

the civil affairs of the town and the 
state, was Col. John McDuffee, whose 

family was among the earliest settlers 
in the town. He was a lieutenant in 
the Earl of Loudon's expedition 
against Crown Point, held a similar 
commission in William Stark's com- 
pany of Rangers, was engaged in the 
siege of Louisberg, commanded a 
detachment under General Wolfe at 
the attack on Quebec, and was active 
in the Revolution, besides holding all 
sorts of civil offices. 

One incident in Colonel McDuffee's 
life shows his independence and force 
of character, and serves as an illus- 

' J/* 




colonel's house with a note, demand- 
ing satisfaction on the field of honor. 

The courier was shown into Colonel 
"McDuffee's presence, and delivered 
his message. As he read it an awful 
cloud settled over the colonel's stern 

features. Rising to the full height 
of his six feet, two inches, he faced 
the trembling messenger. With one- 
stalwart arm he pointed to the door 
and in tones of thunder he shouted, 

11 D n you, you start your boots." 

The invitation did not have to be 
repeated, and the colonel was never 
troubled thereafter with challenges. 
Among the other names of Roches- 
ter men enlisted in His Majesty's ser- 
vice during the Indian wars were 
Daniel Alley, John Copp, Jr., Jabez 
Dame, Ensign Wm. Allen, William 
Berry, Ichabod Corson, Gershom 
Downs, Kleazer Rand. Hon. John 
Plummer, Deacon James Knowles, 
Dr. James Howe, Parson Haven, and 
others were leading citizens during 
the Revolutionary period. Among 

Charles G.-eenfield. 


tration of the stern stuff which the 
men of that day were made of. Gov- 
ernor Wentworth had become in- 
censed at some remark of Colonel 
McDuffee's which had come to his 
ears, for the colonel was a man whose 
words had weight. Accordingly the 
governor despatched a courier to the 

Benjamin W. Bai 



the still familiar names of soldiers in which formerly watched over it has 

the Continental army from Rochester long since departed. Within this 

were those of Pearl, Heard, Place, church-yard repose the remains of 

Foss, Downing, Chamberlin. Chesley. many of these founders of the town. 

Cook. Kicker. Rollins, Watson, Pal- Some have monuments above their 

mer, Ham, Horn, Rogers, Wingate, graves, with inscriptions thereon, the 

J > 

. "• ™ 

Entrance to Fair Grounds. 


< •■ V 



■ % - • i - 

Scene on the 

Ground*, 1894, 

Durgin, Doe, Shaw, Ellis, Allen, oldest one now legible bearing the 

Sargent, Smith, Peavey, Coffin. date of 1752. Other graves are 

There are today on Haven's hill marked simply with rough stones, or 

several relics of the original settle- with nothing but mounds of earth, 

ment. The burning-ground still although they contain what is left of 

remains almost at the very summit of the mortal parts of many as brave 

the hill, although the old church and sturdy heroes, and ns true men, 



as any that New Hampshire ever 
owned as citizens. Less fortunate 
than some of their neighbors, their 
names are perhaps forgotten, or at 
least the exact location of their final 
resting place is lost. They sleep just 




ern, the fir>t Rochester hostlery, still 

remain. This inn was kept by Ste- 
phen Wentworth, a relative of Gov- 
ernor Wentworth, who often stopped 
here. It was the scene of many 
important events, including the re- 

Scer.e on the Cocheco P. 



r ■ p 


Adarr.s Vorunr.ent, New Cemetery. 

as peacefully, however. Their work 
-was well and faithfully done, and its 
results will endure as long as does 
the world. 

On this hill al^o stands the first 
parsonage house, built in r;6o. The 
cellar and well of the old Wolfe tav- 

cruiting of soldiers for the Revolu- 
tionary army. An old block-house, 
that formerly stood on the hill, is at 
present a portion of a dwelling near 
its original location. 

With the division of the parish and 
the erection of a new church on X^r- 

3 66 


* rf 

1 J, 

\ a 

9- !" 


Main Street, showing McDuffee s Block. 

way Plains in 1780, the seat of gov- 
eniment, of religion, of fashion, and 
of trade, was changed, and the foun- 
dations of the present village were 
laid. This meeting-house, removed 
from its original location, and many 
times remodelled, enlarged, and beau- 
tified, is the present house of wor- 
ship of the Congregational church. 
But the limits of this article for- 

& ; 




The late John McD'j^ee. 

bid our dwelling longer on 
these early days of the 
town, interesting as the 
subject is. At the b< . . 
ning Rochester, like all 
other New H a m p s h i r e 
towns, was an agricul- 
tural community. To day 
the city is known through- 
out the country as an 
important manufacturing 
town, and a railroad and 
trade centre, and its 
growth and success have 
been along these lines. 
Rochester had from the 
first great advantages as a manu- 
facturing place, in the water power 



Dominicus Hanson. 

of the Cocheco and Salmon Falls 
rivers here. These were soon util- 
ized! for saw-mills and grist-mills, 
and as early as 1788, the begin- 
nings of the present industrial im- 
portance were made by the estab- 
lishment of a fulling mill by Jabez 


j ,j / 

Dame and Col. John McDuffee, on 
the present site of the Xorway Plains 
Upper Mill. In 1811 a carding 
machine was introduced by Elipha- 
let Home, and thus was started the 
woollen manufacturing business here. 
It is impossible in this article to trace 



Hon. James Farrin^ton. 

Charles B. Ga< 


the growth of this industry 
through all the intervening 
The business was destined 
to be a success from the 
first. Other mills were 
started in other parts of 
the town, and to-day the 
city contains three large 
and wealthy woollen man- 
ufacturing corporations. 

The X o r w a y P 1 a i n s 
mills, situated on the same 
spot where the business 
was first b e g u n , li a v e 
been, it. is true, closed 
during the "hard times" 
of the past two years. 
From the incorporation 


of the company, however, in 1S46, 
up to within a few years, its bus- 
iness had been a most successful 
one. The plant, from its small 
beginnings, has grown to one of the 
finest to be found anywhere, the 
money invested in it being $250,000. 
This valuable plant, with its fine 
brick buildings, improved machinery, 
and excellent water power, supple- 

m 1 B u 

flULiOG "if T LIU 

J - -. - m - js— 



"ne old Colonel McDu'fee Mans ; or. 

•»*,. ■ ' - - ., 

3 68 


1859 the company was incorporate.!. 
among the stockholders being Par- 
ker, Wilder & Co.. who arc the 
present owners. The property in- 
cludes today as handsome and con- 
venient a set of brick buildings for 
their purpose as any in the country. 

r^. — 1 r 
ii . II 

h r 


lOnal Cnurcn. 


mented with steam, is bound to be 
asrain utilized in the very near future. 
The second woollen factor}' to be 
developed in the town was that of the 
Gonic Manufacturing Co.. situated at 
the village of Gonic or West Roches- 
ter, about two miles below the centre 
of the city. As a producer of woollen 
goods for the general market it dates 
back to 183S. The present mills were 
started bv X. V. Whitehouse. In 

j ; ' 1 


: : 


pa ij . c> I 


The First Parsona?*, Haven't H'!I. 

Methodist Episcopal Chjrch. 

the grounds and everything about the 
place being made to present a most 
neat and attractive appear- 
ance. The machinery is 
of the latest and nearest 
perfect pattern, and the 
goods turned out, which 
are largely for women's 
wear, are of a high grade, 
and have an excellent rep- 
utation in the markets of 
the country. The value 

of their product is nearly 

half a million dollars yearly. 
'- -. •-& Stephen C. Meader is the 
local agent. 

Parker, Wilder & Co. 
are also interested in the 



3 r >9 

Cocheco Woollen Manu- 
factu ri ng Co. at 1 2 a s t 
Rochester. These rail-Is 
were started by John Hall 
in 1862, Stephen Shorey 
erecting the building. In 
1863 the company was in- 
corporated. The business 
has been a most profitable 
one and to-day the stock 
in this company is very val- 
uable. There are at pres- 
ent three mills, a fine count 
ing-room, built of brick. 
a large brick weaving- 
shed 168x72 feet with self- 
supporting roof, besides a box-fac- 
tory, planing-mill, and other build- 



St. Mary's Chjrch ard Parochial Residence. 

The main stay of the city of Roch- 
ester, however, is the shoe and leather 
manufacturing concern of E. G. and 
K. Wallace. From most modest be- 
ginnings, when the firm was founded 
in 1S5S, employing six or eight hands. 
it has grown to be one of the largest 
of its kind in the world, manufactur- 
ing shoes, as well as tanning, which 
was the 

original business, and fur- 

- .: 


r 4-3 

St. Ann's CI 





The company is a model 
in every way, and they employ 
class of help, their goods 


are of fine quality and in great 

demand, and their 
large one. Everett 
the present agent. 

pay-roll is a 
M. Sinclair is 

r i 

ree Bap! si 



The recent deaths, within a com- 
paratively short time of each other, of 
the two senior members and the 

founders of the business, brought the 
greatest sadness to the community. 
Few men were more beloved by their 

employes or with greater reason, and 

nishing occupation for many hun- 
dreds of people. They have two 
immense brick factories on Main 
street for the shoe manufacturing, and 
their tannery works cover many acres 
in the rear. The business interests 
of this firm have extended to nearly 
all sections of the country and the 
concern has accumulated millions of 

- - -*-..• -•_ 


Church of the Unity. 

everybody recognized what they had 
done for Rochester. There was also 



- M 

I ! 

; u - i. » ! * 

' r 





• ■ 

The Wallace S'vse Factories. 

some anxiety as to the future of the 
immense business. The youngs men, 

electric power plant has just been 
constructed for the running of all 
their machinery and for lighting. It 
is undoubtedly the finest power plant 
of its kind in the state and was put 
in at a large cost. 

It was certainly an era in the town's 
history when the Wallaces began the 
manufacture of shoes, to create a 
demand for their own leather, at the 


'/■ %/ 


The late Edwin Wallace. 

however, Messrs. Albert, Sumner, and 
George Wallace, had long been con- 
nected with the business and under- 
stood its management thoroughly. 
Recent developments have proved 
their purpose to continue it on its 
present large scale. A magnificent 

t» * 


The !i*e E. G. V/»!'3ce. 



TI \ £ ! 

j ^- _ — . — -• — ~ r-- " • — _JL-i. 

I « - i. l.j- "• r 

.... . -w w 

* - 

Residence of George E. Wallace. 

beginning o 

the Civil war 
had been some business of a similar 
character on a small scale here before, 
but this was practically the beginning 
here of the great shoe manufacturing 
industry by which Rochester is per- 
haps better known to-day than by 
anything else. Besides the Wallace 
firm there are at present in the city 
a number of other shoe manufac- 

tories. There are two large 
factories at East Rochester, 
both of which were built by 
the citizens. The first was 

erected in the fall of [873 
at a cost of $8,688.73. The 

second cost some $ 16.000, 
is a model and modern 
shop with every conven- 
ience. Both are occupied 
at present by the Mudge 
Shoe Co., many citizens 
having small holdings of 
the stock. The manager 
is Mr. John D. Fogg, who 
has long been the most 
There prominent figure in the shoe busi- 


ness at Hast Rochester. A laree 









A b< -t Wallace. 

and profitable business is being done 
at present. 

In Rochester proper there is the 
large shop, 200 feet long and four 
stories high., built by the citizens 
recently, at a cost of some Sri, 000, 
and occupied by Francis YV. Breed of 


Lynn. There is also the firm of Nute 
Bros., well known in the shoe bus- 
iness, who came here from Auburn in 
1S92. Hill On: Decatur is a new firm 
recently started for the manufacture 
of hand sewed turns. Near Conic is 
the factory of M. A. Hanson & Co., 


■ - 

/ K 

Hon. Charles S. Whitehouse. 

is, perhaps, the largest, with one ex- 
I • ception, of any town in Xew Eng- 

land. As one citizen remarked, — 
Gonic may be a small place but there 
are portions of it scattered all over 
the country. 
Sumner Wallace. The Kiesel Fire Brick Co., incor- 

porated in 1SS9, with a capital of 
who do a comfortable and prosperous S200,ooo, have a fine set of buildings 
business in this line. Steps are now near the upper end of Wakefield 
being- taken bv the citizens 

to build a new shoe fac- %?£& 


tory at Gonic. V \ 

An important industry ,. ; Yl ,, 

of Rochester is brick man- ; . ^j / I V» 

ufaeturing. Two yards . I 

have been in continuous T***^ - - ■ - '•' \V* «' 


4'i 1 ~ 

operation for more than a 
century, and to-day at 
Gonic there are about a 
dozen yards with an an- 
nual output of over thirty 
million brick. This is a 
larger brick product than 
any other town in Xew 
Hampshire can show, and R««id«rc« c' «i*. c. s. WntahouM, Gon.c. 





The Breed Srice Factory — 3uilT by Citizens 

street and manufacture some of the 
finest fire brick in the market. The 
business is a most profitable one at 
present and a benefit to Rochester. 
\V. E. Turner is the superintendent. 
Among the other manufacturing 
interests here are the lar^e wooden 
and paper box factory of C. F. Trask 
& Co., run by water power and steam, 
and giving employment to many per- 
sons, the box-factory and saw mill of 
George O. Richards, Thompson's box 
shook factor}-, Corson & Knox's 
saw mill at East Rochester, the Pearl 

Square Auger Co., organized for 
manufacturing a recent invention of a 
Rochester citizen, an auger for bor- 
ing- a square hole, the ax-handle fac- 
tory of Capt. E. F. Smith, C. A. 
Da.vis's candy factory, and several 
cigar manufacturing firms. 

An era in the business development 
of Rochester, scarcely second in im- 
portance to the introduction of manu- 
facturing, was the advent of steam 
railroads. The first regular trains 
were run into the town over the Great 
Falls 6c Conwav railroad, March 6, 






The M-j^ge Shoo Fact: , Zw ^ot •»ster— Bj ■'■'. by C ' :•'.;. 



r* 5 



Norway Plains Mills. 

1849. To-day there are four different 
railway lines that meet here. — the one 
just, named, the Dover & Winni- 
piseogee, the Worcester, Nashua & 
Rochester, and the Portland & Roch- 
ester, — making- this city the greatest 
railway centre in the state, with the 
exception of Nashua. The first three 
are a part of the Boston & Maine sys- 
tem and all have important connec- 
tions. As many as fifty trains arrive 
at and depart from the Union sta- 
tion daily, and the yard presents a 
busy appearance at almost any hour. 

With such railroad facilities Roch- 
ester could scarcely fail to become an 
important place in the way of trade. 
The year 186S was an epoch in the 
town's history in this particular. It 
was in that year that McUuffee block, 
the first business block of any preten- 
sions, was erected. This building 
was built of brick and was one of the 
best and most substantial in the state 
at that time. To-day it is a fine speci- 
men of that sort of architecture and is 
still the principal block of the city. 
From the time of its erection Roches- 

Ittk&w-ui t~A— » *-*'* 

Cochcco Woollen M :■■ ■ East Rochesw. 




of Revolutionary fame, and in his 
youth was a great favorite with the 
old colonel. To his capital and work 
was due in a largo measure the begin- 
ning of the woollen manufacturing 
industry. It was his efforts more 
than those of any other one man that 
brought the railroads here, and he 

Capf. A. W. Hayes. 

ter grew and prospered in its bus- 
iness, gradually taking the trade from 
the northern country that formerly 
went below to Dover and Somers- 
worth, until to-day it is second to no 
place in south-eastern Xew Hamp- 
shire as a trade centre. On Main 
street now there are three large 
blocks owned by Ezekiel Wentworth, 
fine brick blocks owned by Capt. 
A. W. Hayes and Charles S. Barker, 
Salinger's block, Grange block, Odd 
Fellows' block, Hanson's block, and 
many other buildings occupied by 
single stores. On Hanson's street, 
too, there are some large and hand- 
some business places. No town or 
city .of its size can boast of finer 
stores, more enterprising merchants, 
or a more extensive retail trade than 

The name of John McDuffee, the 
builder of McDuffee block, is closely 
connected with the growth of the 
business of Rochester. He was a 
grand-nephew of Col. John McDuffee 

Henry M. Plumer. 

had money invested in all of them. 
He was the largest individual stock- 
holder in each of the first two roads 
to enter Rochester, and was the first 
treasurer of each. Up to the day 
of his death in 1S90 he was inter- 
ested in everything for the upbuilding 
of his native place, and to no man 
morv:; than to him does the place owe 
its present prosperity. 

Kis name was most closely iden- 
tified with the banking interests of 
the place, he having started the first 
bank here in 1834. Out of his bank- 
ing business grew the Rochester Na- 
tional bank and the Norway Plains 
Savings bank, of both which institu- 


0/ / 

tions he was president up to the time 
of his death. He was the oldest 
banker in continuous service in the 
country. His son, Franklin Mc- 
Duffee, who died in iSso, had also a 
great influence in the advancement of 
the town's interests. 

At the present time Charles Green- 
field is president of the Norway Plains 
Savings bank and Hon. James Far- 
rington of the Rochester National 
bank, Henry M. Plumer being the 
treasurer and cashier of these respec- 
tive banks. There are now two other 
banks located here that do a large 
business, the Rochester Savings bank 
of which William Rand is president 

v .; 

■M, i 


religiously, it has many advantages. 
In the same year that McDuffee block 

was built, the M. E. church was 

erected. It is a handsome and sub- 
stantial brick edifice, the largest in 
the citv. There are altogether in 
Rochester fifteen churches, one Con- 
gregational, two Methodist, four Bap- 
tist, two Friends', two Advent, one 
Unitarian, and three Catholic. 

The city has a fine system of 
schools, and several handsome school 
buildings. It has a good public 
library. For fraternal orders the re- 
are the following: A large Masonic 
lodge and chapter, an Eastern Star 
chapter, three lodges of Odd Fellows, 
a Rebekah lodge, and an encamp- 
ment, a G. A. R. post, and Wom- 
an's Relief corps, a Sons of Vet- 
erans' camp, two Knights of Pythias 
lodges, an assembly of the Pythian 
Sisterhood, a tribe of Red Men, and 
a council of D. of P., two Good Tem- 
plar lodges, a commandery of the 
Golden Cross, a lodge of the A. 0. 


A. S. Pa.-shley. 

and S. D. WentwOlth treasurer, and 
the Rochester Loan and Banking Co., 
Sumner Wallace president and John 
L. Copp cashier. 

There is much more that might be 
written regarding the development of 
Rochester in these and other direc- 
tions. Socially, educationally, and 


Ex-M;yor 0. A. Hoy'. 





- - 

i. : 

1 " : ' 


- '*- -'•■'•; J 

- . - . -_ . 'J 

their magnificent rows << 
large elm trees, are unsur 
parsed in beauty. 

There are not many very 
costly residences, but a 
large number of attractive 
and pleasant ones, and not 
a few of architectural pre- 
tensions. The finest is that 
built by the late Edwin 
Wallace, and now occu- 
pied by his children. 

Rochester has several 
excellent hotels. The old- 

Resdence of H. L. Worcester. 

and of the Knights 

U. W 

and Ladies of Honor, a 

division of the A. O. H.. 

a St. Jean Baptiste society, 

and a Lasters' Protective 


The city is finely located 
as regards natural scenery. 
Beautiful roads for driving 
lead out from it in even- 
direction, it has one of the 
most charming of rivers for 
boating, and the principal 
streets within the city, with 


'_ lJ 




Rejide- re cf John 0. Fogg, E«$t Rocl 

idence of Charles M. Bailey. 

est is that now owned by 
J. T. Dodge, Dodge's hotel 
being a name which dates 
back to 1834. The central 
post-office is a second-class 
office, Charles \V. Bi< 
being postmaster. There 
are two other post-offices 
in the city. 

Rochester has in time 
past sent out many illus- 
trious men, some of them 
being noted throughout 
the nation. Foremost 
amonc: these names stands 






Residence of Hon. I. W. Spr ng 

i.._ ... 

separated at the time it 

was removed and made 

into three different houses. 

Connected with the name 

of John P. Hale is that of 
Jacob II. Kla. who was 
likewise a powerful anti- 
slavery worker. He was 
a member of congress and 
held various other impor- 
tant positions in public life. 
Among the other famous 
names of Rochester's sons 
are those of the Lothrops, 

that of John P. Hale, the 
great anti-slavery states- 
man, United States sena- 
tor, nominee of the Free- 
Soil party for president, 
and minister to Spain. 
His name to-day is one 
of the most honored in 
the history of his state 
and nation. The house in 
which he was born stood 
until within a few years 
on the site now occupied 
by Cocheco block. It was 



UT- \ r 

■* a 


Residence of W. B. Neal. 

Residence o* S. C. M-ader, G:'c. 

the founders of the great 
publishing house : Thomas 
Cog^well Upham, the re- 
nowned philosopher and 
religious writer, and pro- 
fessor in Bowdoin college : 
Dr. James Farrington, 
resentative in the twenty- 
fifth congress: David Bar- 
ker, elected to congress 
in 1827; Enoch Freeman 
Whitehouse, one of the 
finest ballad singers that 
ever lived, and renowned 
throughout the countiy ; 









Mills of the Gome Manufacturing Company 

Isaac and Seth Adams, manufactur- 
ers of the celebrated printing presses, 
of which the former was the inventor : 
Jonathan Peter dishing, president of 
Hampden Sidney college in Virginia, 
from 1821 to 1835; Charles Main, 
great-great-grandson of old Parson 
Main, and at present one of the 
wealthiest merchants in San Fran- 
cisco; and many others of local, 
county, and state fame. 

There are still living in Rochester 
men of note throughout the state at 
least. — such men as the Wallaces; 

Hon. Charles S. White-house, a son 
of the late X. V. Whitehouse. one of 
the town's pioneer manufacturers and 
most prominent citizens in former 
years, and himself a man of distinc- 
tion in public life; Benjamin W. 
Ball, renowned as a journalist, poet, 
and scholar; Hon. James Harrington, 
of Governor Tuttle's council : Charles 
B. Gafney, Esq., the noted lawyer 
and railroad magnate, besides scores 
of prominent and enterprising busi- 
ness and professional men, and men 
of enviable reputation locally. 


1 - > 

■ I 


■j 1 tfa 1 j 

"r^dt ... ..\ - . 




Stoi<; B'-d 1 . Dam. 



Besides the industries already 
spoken of Rochester has many smaller 
ones of value to the place. The 
magnificent stone bridge on Main 

street is a standing tribute to one of 
our granite workers, Silas Hussey. 
There are other stone workers, there 
are machine shops and foundries, 
carriage factories, several large bot- 
tling concerns, contractors and build- 
ers, masons, plumbers, etc., in large 
numbers, two soap factories and all 
classes of ordinary business. There 
are three local newspapers, the Conr- 


lighted with electricity and had a 

fine system of water-works be •: 
but the city has purchased the latter, 
made many improvements and exten- 
sions, until it has at the present time 
a system that is unsurpassed, consid- 
ering the city's needs, with an almost 
unlimited water supply. A complete 
system of sewerage is being put in," 
parts of it being already in use: the 
city has obtained one of the finest 
public squares in New Hampshire by 
the purchase and removal of an old 
building ; new sidewalks of concrete 


j til 

.. ^^fc- 

Kiesel Fire B- 


ier i established in 1863, eight pages; 
the Record, four pages established in 
1877 ; and the Leader, four pages, 
established in 1886. 

Rochester is now in the fourth 
year of its municipal government. 
having been the seventh city char- 
tered in the state. 

The first mayor was Hon. Charles 
S. Whitehouse, the second was Hon. 
O. A. Hoyt, who served two terms, 
and Dr. R. V. Sweet is the present 
chief executive. During this period 
many great public improvements 
have been made. The town was 

and brick are being constantly laid, 
and throughout there is a stead}' 
march of improvements. 

Nor are the finer arts neglected in 
the race for industrial and business 
prosperity. Few places of its size 
have more accomplished musicians 
than Rochester. Its church choirs 
are of a high order, it has an abun- 
dance of fine soloists, and it has a 
choral union which, under the direc- 
tion of Henri G. Blaisdell <>! Concord 
during the past two years, has become 
one of the best in the state. 

There is one other institution con- 



nected with Rochester's prosperity 
during the last tew years, without 
which this article would not be com- 
plete. Perhaps nothing has done so 
much to advertise the city and spread 
its name far and wide as has the 
Rochester Fair. It is one of the most 
widely known and largely attended of 
all the immense annual cattle shows 
of New England, and it brings thou- 
sands of visitors every year from re- 
mote points, and thousands of dollars 
iuto the city. Whereas most institu- 
tions of this kind have been financial 
failures, this has been a phenomenal 
success. The association started in 
1874, seventy men putting in one 
dollar each. Without another cent 
being paid in, except from the income 
of the fairs, the association owns to- 
day, free from debt, grounds that in 
location, beauty, and equipments are 
unsurpassed, more than ^50,000 hav- 
ing been expended on them, and it 
has a balance of several thousand 
dollars in the bank. Much of the 
credit for this wonderful result is due 
to the energy and ability of the man- 
ager and treasurer, Capt. A. W. 
Hayes, although the president, Hon. 
I. W. Springfield, and the secretary, 
Mr. A. S. Parshley, have contributed 
a great deal towards it. 

The story of Rochester's interest- 

ing history, wonderful recent growth, 
and pre>eut advantages has only been 

faintly outlined. But the limits of 
this article have been reached, and 

with a few figures this sketch must 
end. Between 18S0 and i>Suo Roch- 
ester gained more in population than 
any other place in Strafford county. 
Since then there has been a steady 
gain, until now the population is 
estimated to be nearly 9,000. Within 
the past four years the valuation of 
the city has increased Syoo.irS, a 
gain larger than that of the neighbor- 
ing cities of Dover and Somersworth 
combined. The savings-bank de- 
posits have increased more than 
5254. coo, and all this notwithstand- 
ing the hard times and the total shut- 
ting down of the Norway Plains mills. 
resulting in a loss in stock of S60.000, 
and forcing many to draw upon their 

As for the future everything points 
toward an increase of prosperity. 
The city is so located that there is 
almost unlimited room for it to spread 
out in every direction. With the 
electric road connecting the three 
villages, which will probably be con- 
structed within the next two years, 
added to its other advantages, no 
place in the whole Granite state has 
any brighter prospects. 


7>y George I la iter oft Griffith. 

Do now the small things well, nor wait 
A moment for service grand and great ; 
The first well learned prepares the way 
For the splendid deeds of some future day 



[Translated from the German of Hans Werder. ] 

By Agatha B. E. Chandler. 


^\ .-T the deep window 
1 %t of the large liviug- 
vft. room at Steinnovel 
>// fc stood a dark rose- 
wood spin net, 
which Lore to I d 
Ulrike used to help the happy Fran 
von Reutlingen to shorten many 
a lonely evening during her hus- 
band's absence from home. Ulrihe 
was also fond of music, and played 
very skillfully upon the spinnet, while 
Heinz accompanied her upon the 
flute, this latter instrument having 
become very popular because of the 
king's fondness for it. Frederick 
was as expert in the use of this in- 
strument as he was in handling an 
army, and it was therefore taken up 
by many who looked upon the gen- 
ial monarch r.ot only as their gen- 
eral, but as their model in all things. 
Heinz, therefore, practised daily upon 
the flute, and found much pleasure 
and profit in his sister's well played 

A few days after their visit to Zel- 
lin they were one evening trying a 
new piece by Johami Sebastian Bach, 
a talented composer, whom the king 
esteemed very highly, and they were 
both absorbed in the beautiful music, 
which lifted the soul from this com- 
monplace world to a higher sphere. 

So they cared not for the February 
storm that howled around the old 
house, and whistled among the tiles 
on the roof. The candles in the can- 
delabra on the spinnet threw their 
golden light over the keys, and over 
Ulrike's silvery hair, while the rest 
of the room was in semi-darkn^>. 
Heinz 's gaze followed the movements 
of her white hands attentively, and 
they neither of them heard the great 
hall door below open and shut, the 
loud voices in the hall, the barking 
of the hounds below, nor the firm ep 
that ascended the stairs. 

Suddenly the room door op ed, 
and the master of the house, Jobst 
von Reutlingen, stood , upon the 
threshold. The -flickering light «rlis- 
tened upon his arms and uniform, as 
Iiis quick glance ran hurriedly over 
tiie room, and finally rested upon the 
little group in the candlelight by the 

The music ceased with a discord, 
and Ulrike started up with a fright- 
ened look, and remained standing. 
Heinz laid aside his flute and rose 

"Why, hello, wild one: where in 
the world did you come from ? I 
thought it was the storm making all 
the noise, and never once thought of 



"I beg your pardon if I have in- 
terrupted you," said the captain. It 
seemed to him that the pleasant anti- 
cipations with which he had come 

were out of place here, and the 
thought made him unhappy, 

11 Have you come all the way from 
Coszdorf, Herr von Reutlingen?" 
asked Ulrike in a low voice, advanc- 
ing to meet him as she spoke. 

lie did not answer immediately, 
but his happy eyes feasted upon her 
face, as though that were the object 
of his visit, and as if no further 
explanation were necessary. 

"Not from Coszdorf direct." he 
answered at last. " My troop had to 
escort a wagon train en one stage of 
its journey from Berlin to Witten- 
berg, and that took us to Grenze, 
where we were allowed a half a day 
to rest. As it is but three hours 
away I rode over, but I must go back 
this evening." 

11 That w as good of you." remarked 
Heinz, ''but I should think it was a 
pretty tough ride for such a short 
time at home." 

"A half a day to rest," repeated 
Ulrike. "And the others took advan- 
tage of it ; only the overworked cap- 
tain always finds more work to do." 

"Was it anxiety for me that so 
startled you both when I entered?" 
asked Reutlingen. " If so I am more 
than repaid for my fatigue." 

He threw his hat and sabre upon a 
chair, and sank upon a bench by the 
fire. "It is cold ; will you order me 
a hot drink, pretty housewife ? " 

"I will go at once. Throw a 
couple of logs on the fire, Heinz, so 
that your brother can warm himself." 
As she glided from the room his gaze 
followed her until she was gone, and 
then he turned to Heinz. 

"Now, my boy, how are your 
wounds getting along; aren't you 
soon going back to your regiment? 
II i> majesty needs all his officers." 

Heinz laughed, and tapped him 
upon the shoulder. 

"Have no fear; I am going as 
soon as I can. Ho n't begrudge me 
these little tete-a-tetes with your 
pretty wife." 

"Nonsense," growled Jobst, .-Ink- 
ing off his brother's hand, and jump- 
ing from his seat. He paced rest- 
lessly to and fro, across the room, 
asking question after question with- 
out waiting for answers to any of 
them, and finally he sent lor the 
steward . 

Soon Ulrike returned followed, by 
old Ferdinand, who threw open the 
folding doors to the dining-room., 
where a hearty supper had been 
quickly prepared. The three took 
their places at the table, and soon the 
tired rider recovered his elastic spir- 
its, although his hearty, ringing 
voice did not return. 

"How are the other officers at 
Coszdorf; are the quarters comforta- 
ble?" asked Ulrike, forcing herself 
to talk. 

"Thank you. they are passable. 
and nothing more," answered Jobst. 
" We are in the same town with the 
Schmettau cuirassiers, and it is a hit 
small for us all ; the quarters are not 
to be compared to Langenrode." 

"What do you think, Ulrike," 
began Heinz, with the smile that 
always tried his brother's patience, 
"Jobst says that I must return to my 
regiment at once. Will you let me 

"I don't believe I can." she 
answered unaffectedly. "You area 
very refraetorv convalescent, dear 



Heinz, and I am not going to let yon 

get away i'rom my control until I am 
sure you are well." 

" Hold on a moment, m\ jailoress : 
you are opposing your husband, for 
he is urging my speedy departure." 

" I don't want todrive you away," 
cried Jobst, in a rage. " Von under- 
stand perfectly well that you must go 
as soon as you arc able, for you know 
as well as I do that his majesty can- 
not spare his officers." 

" This fellow is always getting 
mad," remarked Heinz phlegmati- 
eally, "and then he wonders that his 
delicate wife is frightened, instead of 
glad, when he comes home." 

"Don't be silly, Heinz," cried 
Ulrike anxiously. " You know what 
your brother means ; why do you 
take delight in misunderstanding 
him? " 

The captain gazed angrily at his 
brother. In his ears rang the words 
that he himself had spoken but a 
short time before: "He is no wild 
Reutlingen ; he will please you better 
than I." 

Heinz laughed unpleasantly. Ul- 
rike's confusion was pleasing to him, 
as was also the storm that he saw 
gathering upon his brother's brow, 
but in spite of all this he thought it 
advisable to call a halt, and so turned 
the conversation to other subjects, 
asked after Eickstadt and other dra- 
goons whom he knew, and so, little 
by little, brought back pleasanter 
thoughts to the minds of the others. 

At last they returned to the sitting- 
room, the steward came, and some- 
time was spent by Job^t in talking 
with him upon business matters. 
Ulrike went to the window and gazed 
out into the night. He must go out 
into the darkness and the storm, 

while she remained warm ami safe 
within. How strange it all was, and 
what would finally come of it? The 

thought so weighted and overbur- 
dened her heart that it seemed as it 
it must burst. 

I*. was late when the steward left, 
and Reutlingen looked at the clock. 

" 1 must be off," said he, "for the 
way is dark, and I want to be with 
my troop by midnight." He went 
up to his brother. "Heinz, old fel- 
low, you know that I am thankful for 
every day that you are able to keep 
quiet and take care of yourself. You 
surely haven't misunderstood me?" 

"No, no, Jobst' God forbid!" 
cried Heinz warmly. "Whoever 
knows you at all, knows what a good 
fellow you are. Under the circum- 
stances no one could think lor a 
moment that you envy me my fur- 

"Let me know when you leave, 
Heinz; do you hear?" interrupted 
Jobst. " Send me a message to Cosz- 
dorf, for we shall remain there some 
time longer." 

"Yes, yes; I'll let you know. 
Remember me to Hertzberg and 

"With pleasure. Go and order 
ircy horse for me, my dear fellow." 

Heinz disappeared, and Reutlingen 
approached the window where Ulrike 
was standing. She turned toward 
him, and he could see the traces of 
tears upon her cheeks, and a look of 
\ in in her eyes. 

" Have you been crying again. 
foolish child? You were going to 
greet me with a laugh when I came 
ag tin, and eon have not done it; you 
looked frightened when you first saw 
me instead." 

"I have not been crying:." she 

3 86 


answered softly, "and I remember 
having laughed. You haven't been 
watching me." 

"Indeed I have been watching 
you ; you have laughed for Heinz, 
but not for me. I was given the 
same old startled look, nothing 

Involuntarily she raised her timid, 
questioning eyes to his, but he had 
just been so angry that she was 
afraid to speak to him. 

"It is barely possible,'' he went on, 
" that a similar errand may bring me 
into this part of the country again. 
Shall I come here it it does, Ulrike ; 
will you be afraid of me if I do? 
You don't answer me; would you 
rather that I stayed away?" 

"Oh, Herr von Reutlingen, how 
can you ask such a question? No, 
I will not be afraid of you whenever 
you may come." 

He grasped her hand. " God bless 
you, Ulrike ! " 

"Good-night, Herr von Reut- 
lingen, and a safe journey to you." 

"Ulrike, him — ." and he hesitated, 
with an impatient motion of his head 
toward the door, "him you call 
'Heinz,' even 'dear Heinz,' while 
I must be thankful if you even stay 
in the same room with me, and ad- 

dress me as ' Hen von Reutlingen.' 
Do you really know my Christian 

name ? " 

" Why, of course." 

"Then say it, only once." 

She could not speak it quickly, 

and he knew not how to wait. 

" I beg your pardon ; that is doubt- 
less also contrary to our agreement. 
Don't trouble yourself. Good-bye, 
dear lady." 

He turned quickly away from her, 
took up his hat and buckled on his 
sword, while impatience, pain, and 
anger mingled in his face. His 
brother had just returned, and no- 
ticed his expression. 

"So I will expect news when you 
leave, Heinz. Xo, don't come into 
tlie hall ; it 's too cold. God bless 
you, dear fellow ! " 

He pressed his brother's hand, and 
went heavily down the stairs, stop- 
ping in the open door while the sta- 
ble boy brought up his horse. Reut- 
lingen looked out into the night and 
the storm, and then gazed back into 
the warmth and light of the house. 
It was his house, and his wife, but 
he left them behind, with another in 
his place, while he went away to duty 
and hardships, to battle, and perhaps 
death — a homeless soldier. 


It was a rough and tiresome ride 
through the dark night and the win- 
try gale as the brown mare picked 
her way carefully over the uncertain 
path. The rider's heart was heavy 
and he could not understand the pain 
within it, a pain from which he could 
find no relief. 

It was very late before wild 
Reutlingen reached his troop, and 
when he did he found fault with 

everything, reprimanding, the guard, 
punishing a dragoon, and greeting 
his lieutenants with sharp, unwel- 
come words of reproof. This irrita- 
ted demeanor he maintained through- 
out the whole day of tiresome escort 
duty, until he finally saw the u . 
train in safety and his troop once 
more settled in its quarters at C<>>/- 

Tired and chilled. Reutlingen sat 



during- the evening in the room 

which he shared as usual with WoU 
von Kickstadt. His head rested on 
his hands, and he gazed moodily 

into the glowing coals on the hearth. 
Wolf lay upon his bed and watched 
his friend disapprovingly. 

" Go to bed. man, and sleep ; you 
must be tired out, for the last two 
days have certainly not been easy 

Reutlingen shook his head. 

"Come over here and sit for 3 
while then, so that I can talk to you 

Xo answer. 

"Jobst, what's the matter with 

self." he ended with a sisrh, 



cried Wolf impatiently. 

"Speak out; what ails you? I 
can 't understand you ! 

1 ' Nonsense, youngster: what 
should be the matter witli me ? 
You must be crazy ! " 

"Come here, Jobst; sit by me 
and tell me," insisted Wolf. Wea- 
rily and reluctantly, Reutlingen a: 
last sat down upon the bed beside 

11 1 have nothing to tell." 

"Very well, then; but still, I 
want to know how your wife is. 
whether she was glad to see you. 
how you found Heinz, and how 
things are going at home." 

" She didn't seem glad to see me, 
that question I can answer at least." 

"How so? Why do you think 

Then Jobst told him all, how he 
had found them absorbed in their 
music, how they had appeared sur- 
prised and disturbed at his entrance, 
and even repeated the impressions 
he had received from it all. 

"If I only hadn't told him of the 
coldness between Ulrike and my- 

might have looked upon his broth- 
er's wife with different exes." 

Wolf sat up ami rested his head on 
his hand. 

"You seem to have settled it all 
in your own mind, dear Jobst. but 
listen to me nevertheless. I am con- 
vinced that Heinz is interested in 
Susanna von Techow, I have been 
as jealous as you are now. Of course 
one of us must be wrong." 

Reutlingen rose quickly. 

"If you have any cause for com- 
plaint against him you can call him 
out and shoot him down— if he 
stands in your way — he isn't your 
brother ! " 

" Hold on, wild one. you over- 
shoot your mark ; you have no rea- 
son to think of your brother in such 
an angry way. And first of all, 
you must change your tactics with 

He bent forward and rested his 
hand upon Reutlingen 's arm. 

11 Listen to me, Jobst. Ride to 
Steinhovel again as soon as you can, 
even though it be but foi a quarter 
of an hour : see Ulrike alone and 
tell her that you love her, then every- 
thing will be well, depend upon it." 

Reutlingen shook off his hand 

"Oh. nonsense! How can I tell 
her that ; it is n't true ? " 

" Oh, you idiot!" laughed Wolf, 
throwing himself back upon the pil- 
lows. " What are you going 4 .o wait 
for; until some one else loves her. 
or until you have broken your own 
meek ? What (\o you know about 
love anyway, will you be good 
enough to tell me ? " 

" You are silly. V muttered Reut- 


You are too chil 



Eickstadt ; you have nothing in 
your head higher than love affaire." 

11 You may be right, but at least 
give me credit then for understand- 
ing such tilings better than you do. 
Believe me, Jobst, tell your wife 
the real truth, that you love her 
dearly, and then she will be happy 
and contented, will ask for no Heinz-, 
indeed tor no one but you, and then 
you can leave her to wait quietly for 
your return without being alarmed 
about her constancy." 

"You speak foolishly, Wolf," 
persisted Jobst, but nevertheless it 
seemed as though the sting had been 
drawn from his heart ; his whole 
appearance changed, he became as 
happy and free from care as he 
usually was. 

"But you are a good fellow," he 
continued rising, "and you are 
right ; I am terribly tired and we 
must both go to sleep." 

There was no rest that winter for 
the Prussian troops. That night as 
the powerful force that lay along the 
banks of the Kibe to cover the fron- 
tier of Brandenburg— dragoons, cui- 
rassiers, hussars, and all — lay deep 
in sleep, the alarm sounded through 
the streets of Coszdorf, passing from 
village to village through the cold, still 
February morning, while the drowsy 
soldiers roused and armed themselves 
and hastened to their appointed as- 
sembling places. An Austrian field- 
marshal, General von Beck, had sur- 
prised the Prussian outposts between 
Groszenhayn and Burgsdorf, had 
driven them in, and now threatened 
the whole Prussian force. However, 
"Old Fritz's" motto, "The cavalry 
must never allow itself to be attacked 
but must always attack," was here 
carried out to the letter. At a sharp 

gallop. General von Ezetteritz and 
Ills men charged the Austrian ad- 
vance guard, which broke and fled 
before the terrible onslaught. The 
Prussians had checked the advance, 
now only the Desoffy hussars 
maintained the Austrian position, 
being left to bear the brunt of the 

""Those are the Desoffy hussars," 
Reutlingen heard one of the officers 
behind him say to another, and his 
heart leaped at the thought that his 
bitter personal enemy, Benno von 
Trautwitz, was one of the opposing 

The enemy quickly reeu forced 
their line of battle and a terrible 
fight ensued. Like lions, King Fried- 
rich's brave dragoons charged the 
vastly superior Austrian force, which 
had as yet been untouched by the 
wave of battle. The field was at 
last cleared, but with terrible loss; 
General von Ezetteritz's horse was 
shot beneath him, and he himself 
was taken prisoner. 

The thundering voice of the wild 
Reutlingen once more collected his 
shattered troop for a last forlorn 
hope, and in a quick gallop they 
asrsin charged the foe. Bv his side 
Remtlingen saw Lieutenant von Hertz- 
berg, bareheaded, his sabre flashing 
among the enemy, and then saw him 
fall from a sabre cut upon his bare 

To avenge his friend, the captain 
:k a mighty blow, but his horse 
stumbled, and with a cry of rage he 
wa> thrown to the ground, his steed's 
body covering him and pinning him 
down, while a triumphant voice rang 
in his ears : 

'" Reutlingen, you scoundrel, you 
an my prisoner ! 



It was Trautwitz, who, in spite of 
his parole, was still fighting against 
the Prussians with his regiment, and 

who now saw a chance of winning 
glory at the expense of his defense- 
less enemy. 

"Not yet. liar!" cried Reut- 
lingen, and with a mighty effort he 
freed himself from his burden. In 
a moment he was up, and his sabre 
point sank deep into his Opponent's 
carelessly guarded left flank. Traut- 
witz reeled in the saddle, and with a 
single blow Reutlingen felled him 
from his horse, and sprang lightly 
into his place himself without touch- 
ing the stirrup. A moment later 
he was again in the heart of the 
fray, fighting his way through the 
Austrians to his own troop, glad to 
die with his men rather than > ield 
an inch. 

Suddenly he heard the bugle call 
to charge, that most welcome and glo- 
rious of all music to the Prussian sol- 
dier, and the Schmettau cuirassiers 

ie down like the wind from their 

position near Bluraberg, and brought 

i and encouragement t>> the 

s< rely pressed dragoons. It was 

help in time of need, for the enemy 
fought savagely as these fresh 
troops drove them back pastGroszen- 
hayix and Coszdorf. 

The victory was won. but at a terri- 
ble cost. General von Ezetteritz md 
six officers of the Baireuth Iragoons 
were taken prisoner-, Hertzberg was 
dead, and nearly two hundred men 
had fallen or were in the hands of 
the enemy, together with many In >rs - 
and great quantities of stores. The 
c.iirassiers had also lost heavily. 

In gloomy silence Reutlingen led 
his shattered troop to its quarters. 
Hatred and the lust for revenge filled 
his heart. 

" God in heaven, only let me live 
to take revenge for this hour of 
misery ! Only one chance for vic- 
tory and revenge, and then, do with 
me as vou will ! " 


The severe cold of winter was at 
last broken by the coming of the 
spring rains, the ice and snow melted 
away, and the moist brown earth 
began to prepare itself for the coming 
of warmer days. 

' ' Now I am well and must be off 
to my regiment," said Heinz von 
Reutlingen, and Ulrike did not at- 
tempt to dissuade him, for she real- 
ized that his highest duty called him 
back to his king's army as soon as he 
was able to bear arms. 

" I am going to ride to Zellin to 
say good-bye to Fraulein Susanna ; 
who knows whether I shall ever see 
her again? Wish me good luck upon 
my journey, dear sister." 

He stood before her. wearing upon 
h'is shoulder the bright blue cloak 
trimmed with white fur, which had 
i aspired their great chief to speak of 
til j Puttkamer hussars as his " charm- 
ing wolves in sheens' clothing," and 
Ulrike gazed at him earnestly. 

"My good wishes upon such a 
journey will not bc^vorth your hav- 
i ig, dear Heinz, but they are yours 

lay as always." 

11 I am not so sure of that, my dear 
sister, but we will have more to say 
about it later." He kissed her hand. 
amd departed, Ulrike remaining in the 
window and watching the slender, 
manly figure until it disappeared in 
L e forest. 



Much earlier than she expected, 
before evening in fact, she heard him 


11 He will not be coming home this 
way alter to-morrow." she thought. 
" It is too bad he is going, for it will 
be very lonely here without him." 

She did not see him again until 
supper, when he appeared still wear- 
ing his uniform, but with an expres- 
sion of great ill humor upon his face, 
which made the two more silent over 
their meal than usual. When they 
rose from the table he followed her 
into the sitting-room, where the 
crackling fire dispelled the dampness 
of the April evening. Silently, and 
with clouded brow, Heinz stared at 
the flames, and then at last his gaze 
rested upon Ulrike, who sat with 
folded hands before the spinnet, sunk 
in reverie. 

''Ulrike, why don't you ask me a 
single question?" he cried suddenly. 

"I don't wish to force myself into 
your confidence." she responded qui- 
etly. "If you have anything that 
you wish to tell me I am ready and 
glad to hear it." 

"Oh, I've nothing to say except 
that I 've been a fool. All women are 
false ; I might have known that. Oh, 
Ulrike, if I only had the right to gaze 
into your deep eyes! You. and only 
you, are pure and true ; why must I 
turn to others ? " 

He covered his eyes with his hand. 
Deep quiet reigned in the room, ex- 
cept for the fire snapping on the 
hearth, until at last a spark fell upon 
his hand and startled him. 

" Play me a farewell song, Ulrike," 
he begged. " My heart is so heavy." 

And so she played an old ivlkslicd 
in deep, soft chords like the low tones 
of a harp. The feeble flames of the 

wax candles ca^t their soft light upon 
her hair, and a sad smile lingered in 
the wide, childlike blue eyes. The 
sight, a living picture of the mourn- 
ful tones, was too much for Heinz's 
overwrought nerves. He sprang up 
and threw himself down before her, 
drew both her hands from their task, 
pressing them to his face and coher- 
ing them with passionate kis>e.->. 

" Ulrike, you are the only one that 
I love!" he cried in a trembling 
voice. " How could I be such a fool 
as to seek other women when I saw- 
before me you, the pearl of your 
sex? Don't push me from you ; I am 
an unhappy man who lies at your 
feet, seeking your favor." 

She freed herself firmly from his 
trembling grasp. 

"You seem ill and unnaturally 
excited, my good Heinz. What do 
you wish of me ? Pray remember 
that I am your brother's wife." 

11 What does that matter to me?" 
he cried, rising to his feet. "'His 
wife ; and still he has never clasped 
you in his arms, nor have his eyes 
sought love in yours. I am before 
him : I ask for your love, Ulrike. 
You know that it will cost but a word. 
and he will set you free." 

Ulrike stepped back, and her flash- 
ing eyes kept him at a distance. Her 
timid helplessness had disappeared, 
and firm determination had taken 
its place; her courage had returned 
now that heart and duty needed it. 
Perhaps, too, her ear was unaccus- 
tomed to words of passion, ami so her 
heart remained unmoved, notwith- 
standing the fact that she was alone 
with him, and unprotected. Some- 
thing of the unaffected dignity of 
the girl, as well as of the pride of 
the woman, surrounded her with an 



unapproachable majesty. She Stood 
there the mistress of her husband's 

home; what harm could this man do 

Heinz knew her well enough to go 
no further, and his excitement was 
replaced by a feeling of shame. 

"This is the last evening of our 
life together at Steinhovel," she 
began at last in a pained voice, 
"therefore we will not quarrel, but 
will part as friends. Your brother 
shall never learn from me how shame- 
fully you have abused his hospitality ; 
he would never be the same to you 
again, of that you may be sure. But 
I know that you were ill, excited; I 
lay no stress upon your words. 
Good-night, Heinz ; may God go 
with you — and take good care of 

She hesitated to give him her hand, 
but he stepped up to her quickly. 

11 Please give me your hand that I 
may kiss it once more. Ah, if my 
brother could only have seen you 
then he would have fallen at your 
feet as I did." 

The next morning he went out 
into the world, into the excitement of 
war, but the loneliness that she had 
the day before so dreaded. Ulrike 
today found very welcome. How 
disagreeable had been that last even- 
ing with her brother, how totally 
characterless and without honor he 
seems, how unlike his brother. Yes, 
Jobst had been right, Heinz was 
entirely different ; and still she did 
not like him better than the wild 
Reutlingen. She was entirely alone, 
and yet she felt the hot blood flame 
into her face. Of what use was that 
question — she was not compelled to 
answer it ? 

The day passed quietly. It was 

April, the violets were in bloom, the 
bright sunshine laughed down from 
the bright blue sky, and Ulrike put 
on a white muslin dress for the first 

time that spring, and with a light 
shawl thrown over her shoulders and 
a parasol in her hand, wandered forth 
into the warmth and brightness of 
the beautiful day. She stopped at 
:' L€ edge of a forest, where the fir trees 
sent forth their fragrance, and the 
birds sang in their joy, and, leaning 
against a tree, gazed under the wav- 
ing boughs where spots of sunny gold 
played among the dark shadows. A 
sudden breath of air brought to her 
ear across the heath the sound of a 
galloping horse and, turning quickly 
around, her heart stood still when 
she saw the rider. He came nearer 
and nearer, over the fresh green 
meadow, the sunlight glistening 
upon his sabre, upon the silver trim- 
mings of his bright blue uniform, 
and upon the snow white feather in 
his three-cornered hat. 

Me evidently saw her light figure 
against the dark background of the 
forest, for he turned quickly from the 
road and came directly towards her, 
his Iblack horse, the foam flying from 
his flanks, clearing at a leap the ditch 
thai lay between him and the path in 
which she was walking. Now he 
approached her and sprang from the 
sad He, standing upright and strong 
before her, his breast rising and fall- 
ing- with joy, and his eyes Hashing 
with youthful fire. It was the wild 
Re- tlingen. 

'" Here I am. dear lady, as though 

. n in by a storm. A short rest 

for my horse, two words with your- 

sel*.. and then I must be off again." 

Vlrike stretched out her hand to 
him. Yes, it was actually he ; she 



really saw him before her, and it 
could not be a (I ream. 

He pressed her hand to his lips, 
and gazed over it into her eyes. 

"How pale you have grown 
already," he exclaimed reproach- 
fully. "You shy little woman, can 
you never see me coming without 
this irresistible fear? " 

A rosy blush spread over her face. 

"Oh, it isn't fear: you mustn't 
always say that, Herr von Reut- 
lingen. It was only my great aston- 
ishment, for I little thought " 

"Do you never think of me, Ul- 

She turned away her face, and a 
shadow crossed his own. Xo, No! 
Wolf had spoken foolishly. How 
could he tell her? — Impossible. 

"Give me your arm, my dear 
lady. The black will enjoy the walk 
after his shaq) canter." 

" What brought vou here? " asked 
Ulrike, as she walked beside him : 
" another escort trip? " 

" The campaign is opened and win- 
ter quarters are at an end. My regi- 
ment is attached to the corps of 
Prince Heinrich, and we are march- 
ing against the Russians and General 
von Laudon on the banks of the Oder. 
It will be a tiresome campaign, with 
much marching, and I hope a vietory 
for us at its end." 

" And your line of march passes 
through here ? " she asked. 

"A few miles from here. We have 
a day's rest in a miserable li**!e vil- 

She looked at him, laughingly 

"A day's rest! And that brings 
the wild Reutlingen here as usual!" 

"Vou take that for granted now? 
To-day I have stirred up Wolf von 

Eickstadt also : he has gone to Xel- 
lin to pay his respects to Susanna 
von Technow.' ' 

"Really; I am glad to hear it! 
And what is the news since you 
were here last ? " 

" Bad, very bad ! " Then he told 
her of the terrible fight with the Aus- 
triaus at Coszdorf. and of his reei- 
ment's heavy loss. Ulrike shared 
his sorrow, and was deeply pained to 
hear of Ilert/berg's death. Of his 
meeting with Trautwitz, however, 
Reutlingen said nothing. 

They had now passed the ivy- 
arched gate, and the captain called 
one of the servants to take his horse, 
while Ulrike hurried into the house 
with a light step, borne upon the 
wings of a stormy passion which 
she could not understand. She had 
luncheon served upon the carved 
table in the sitting-room, and herself 
placed upon its centre a vase of 
violets. At last she heard Reut- 
lingen enter, but she continued her 
arrangement of the table without 
looking around. He remained stand- 
ing behind her, watching her quick 

"Ulrike! " he said at last in an 

She did not answer at once, and 
he stepped nearer and gazed laugh- 
ingly into her eyes. 

"You are always so attentive in 
getting me something to eat and 
drink, and yet you grudge me a 
kind word. Do you think to satisfy 
me by food alone*? " 

"I don't know — Oh. no! Have 
you any cause for complaint? " 

" No, of course not! It would be 
against the term-- of our agreement 
for me to complain of that ; other- 
wise I should certainly say yes." 



He sat down aiul enjoyed his 
lunch while Ulrike listened to his 
gay talk of camp life and of Ins 
brother officers. At last Reutlingen 
drank his last glass of Rhine wine to 
her health, and then arose, lighted 
his pipe, and threw himself into an 
easy chair by a window, into which 
the sun cast its golden rays. How 
pleasant it was, how cheerful and 
enticing, to sit there and rest and 
drer.m ! His gaze rested steadily 
upon Ulrike who sat upon the win- 
dow-seat before him, the sun shining 
upon her blond hair. 

11 You are very much alone here, 
Ulrike," he said suddenly, "are you 
never afraid ? " 

" It is very lonely," she responded 
with a sigh. 

"The road to Leitnitz is now open ; 
couldn't 3 r our cousin or one of your 
other relatives come to visit you 
here? Will you see if you can't 
arrange it ? I should feel much hap- 

Ulrike shook her head, and stepped 
from the sunlight of the window to 
a ek air in the shadow, where she 
seated herself. 

" No, I thank you, Herr von Reut- 
lingen ! " she began firmly. " If the 
road to Leitnitz is open, then — I 
would rather return to my relations." 

"What! " 

He sprang from his seat ; a wave 
of angry color overspread his face. 

"Don't be angry!" whispered 
Ulrike, after a short silence. "I 
thought that it would please you." 

"I have no answer for you! " he 
replied at last with undisguised 
anger. " Do you hate my house 
now that my brother is gone ? " 

She gazed at him in terror. 

"Your brother^ What has he to 

do with it ? You told me that the 
road to Leitnitz was clear, and you 
know that my relatives know noth- 
ing of what has become of me ! " 

"A letter will reassure them and 
make them happy. Yon shall not 
leave Steinhovel ; not even for a 
visit ! Any one that you wish to 
see may visit you here ! " 

It was a command, and Ulrike was 

11 But why so? " she asked at last. 
"Why can't I go away if I wish!*" 

"Because it is contrary to our 
agreement," he cried. "Keep your 
part of it as well as I do mine ; it is 
not always an easy task for me, I 
assure you." 

"Herr von Reutlingen, I didn't 
mean to make you angry," whispered 
Ulrike, looking up at him. 

" But you did it." 

He stepped to the window and 
looked out. The sun had set, and 
the dull red glow of evening covered 
the western sky, the clear-cut outline 
of the fir forest standing out sharply 
against it. 

"The sun has gone down, and I 
must leave," he said, with an impa- 
tient sigh. " My commanding officer 
is the most exacting man in the 
world." He approached her again 
and remained standing beside her 

"Ulrike, why did you say that; 
don't you like it here any longer?" 

" Yes, oh, yes! I like it so much. 
I wish I knew how to show you my 

lie turned away with a short laugh. 

"Gratitude! That is as though 
you gave me water at dinner, instead 
of Rhinewine." 

He went out to order his hor>e, 
muttering to himself, " I low foolish 



was Eickstadt's advice. How can 1 service was before him, and this, 

talk to her of love ? She wouldn't perhaps, was farewell fore 

His hat fell to the ground ; he I 

her face between his hands and kissed 
her again and again. 

She felt it. resistless as a storm, 
and scarcely realized what had hap- 
pened. Then a heavy footstep, a 
clashing of spurs, the door closed, 
and he was gone. 

Ulrike stood motionless, with closed 
eyes and her lips pressed cln<e to- 
gether, and listened. The gallop of 
a horse reached her ear, at first dis- 
tinctly, then faintly, and finally died 
out in the distance. She sank upon 
the floor and buried her face in her 
hands, a hitherto unknown feeling 

trembling eyelashes were lifted, and surging in her heart. 

he gazed into her deep blue eyes. " Oh, if he could only love me, and 

A shudder ran through his frame, I him! It would be so beautiful, so 

and a niist clouded his eyes. Out- easy, so good. Oh, how noble he is, 

side his horse waited for him; hard how large hearted, and true ! " 

[to be continued.] 

understand me. She prates of grati- 
tude, and wants to leave my house, 
the foolish child." 

He returned to the room with his 
hat in his hand and his sabre by his 

11 Now, little prisoner, I must go." 

"Good bye, Herr von Reutlin- 

" Ulrike, don't you really know 
my name ? " 

1 ' Good night — Jobst . ' ' 

" Say it once more, and look at me 
while you say it — please." 

"Good night, Jobst." she whis- 
pered once more, and slowly the 


By John H. Bar t let t. 

When cheerful morn, in dewy vestments clad, 
Brings day anew, and bids the earth be glad ; 
When over yonder heights the first rays gleam, 
To wake to joyous scenes the tenter's dream ; 
And fishes splash, and lilies kiss the pad ; — 
Then life and joy in happy wedlock seem 
Upon the lake.. 

At eventide the waters, dairk, are still. 
The blushing day has hid behind the hill, 
And Luna, fair, directs tin.- skipper's way, 
While harp and banjo tune the lover's lay, 
And maiden laughter, like the rippling rill, 
In joyous cadence echoing seems to play, 
Upon the lake. 



i ; 

. <> -ix.'- ■ 

! ' - ; ; ' .. " mil L ..- 

. — - _ 


'"V i 

' . ■ . -.- ■ 




The Club's Birthplace ar-.d First Meeting Place. 


By Mrs. Mary P. Woodworth. 


cttia^F it is true that the environ- 
! V.,^ ments of a people have a 
'Jr-^ strong effect upon their char- 
acter, it is not strange that 
there should be a certain 
staid quality in New Hampshire men 
and women that prevents them from 
taking up without due consideration 
every new thing that is in vogue. 
11 Prove all things" is rather a favor- 
ite sentiment in all New England, 
but particularly here, and the gran- 
ite quality of our soil seems in some 
way to have ground its way into the 
individuality of our people. It is 
then but natural perhaps that twenty- 
five years should elapse after the for- 
mation of the first .broadly organized 
woman's club in the United States 
before any New Hampshire women 
should be moved to start a similar 

We have long been familiar with 
the club idea. We have worked to- 
together in literary, charitable, and 
social lines for many years. Indeed, 
we had so many small associations of 
divers sorts that when the first sug- 
gestion was made that we form a 
woman's club, with half a dozen 
different departments of activity, the 
instinctive feeling at once arose that 
we already had more on hand than 
could be properly attended to. and 
that no new thing should be added 
to our overcrowded interests. But, 
h ppily, there were good arguments 
brought forward to convince us that 
by the formation of a club, which 
should include many women of wide- 
ly differing characteristics in a com- 
mon bond, we should enlarge our 
sympathies and break down the nar- 
row boundaries that the small clubs, 










one individual, and it is to Mrs. 
Lilian Carpenter Streeter that we 
are eh icily indebted for this new- 
source of pleasure and profit. 

The little band of women who 
"took counsel together" with Mrs. 
Streeter were Mrs. Lydia F. Lund, 
Mrs. Fanny C. Stevens, Mrs. Julia 

■ . A 

• Lilian Carpenter Streeter, President. 

made up of purely congenial spirits, 
inevitably possess. There is nothing 
clearer to us now than that, however 
delightful may be a small gathering 
of women who act and think about 
as we do, it is infinitely better for us 
to have matters presented from many 
points of view. But we gratefully 
acknowledge the benefit received 
from the many Shakspeare clubs and 
classes for the study of art, sciences, 
literature, history', and the modern 
languages that have flourished here 
for many years. They have been an 
excellent preparation for the work 
now before us. 

When a new movement is to be 
made, it seems a great part of the 
motive power that to one person 
should be given the clear sight, the 
earnest enthusiasm, and the capacity 
for practical work that are the essen- 
tials of success. The formation of 
our Concord Woman's Club is a 
marked example of the power that 
radiates from the steadfast faith of 

Mrs. Ella H. J. Hill, Vice-President. 

R. Carpenter, Mrs. Ella II. J. Hill, 

and Miss II. Maria Woods, and, as a 
res'.dt of the conference, about thirty 
women, of different ages and repre- 
senting most of the churches of the 
city, were invited to meet at the 
home of Mrs. Streeter on April 21, 

The meeting was called to order 
by Mrs. Carpenter, and a draft of a 
constitution and by-laws was read 
by Mrs. Streeter. who had been ap- 
pointed chairman of a committee for 
that purpose at the preliminary meet- 
in. r . The articles were carefully con- 
red and voted upon, and when 
every member present had signed the 



constitution, it was found that the 
Woman's Club of Concord had a roll 
of twenty -seven charter members. 
This number was soon increased to 
the full limit of membership, and it 
was not long before there was a good 
sized waiting list. 

The officers elected at this meeting, 
with Mrs. Streeter as president, were 
a vice-president, recording secretary, 
corresponding secretary, treasurer, 
auditor, and five directors, and they 
were of such a character as to give 
the highest prestige to the club and 
to raise the brightest hopes for its 
future usefulness. 

So much of the spirit and pmqiose 

the interest of the club, and ten asso- 
ciate members, who -hall not be elig- 
ible for ofhee and who shall each pay 
an annual fee of five dollars. 

".Section 2. Any woman of Con- 
cord shall be eligible for active mem- 
bership who is interested in the ob- 
jects and work of the association, and 
is willing to promote them by accept- 
ing and performing any part assigned 
her by the executive board or stand- 
ing committee, as prescribed by the 

There are eight standing commit- 
tees of three members each, as fol- 
lows: Art and Literature. Education, 
Current Topics, Domestic Economy, 
Science, Philanthropy, Music, and 
Social Entertainment; and the chair- 
men of these committees, with all the 
other officers, constitute an executive 
board which has entire charge of the 
management of the club. They are 
required to hold regular meetings on 
the third Friday of each month from 
October to May, and to call special 



Mrs. Elizabeth G. Blanchard, Recording Secretary. 

of the club is shown in article V of 
the constitution that it may properly 
be given here : 

"Section 1. This association shall 
be limited to seventy-five active mem- 
bers, who shall each pay an annual 
fee of two dollars and contribute in 
some way personally her part towards 


M :s E ! "- H. Car «'. C- •■ Secretary. 

; 9 S 


meetings at the written request of any 
ten members of the association. To 

them is also given power to fill vacan- 
cies in office, to elect honorary mem- 
bers, and to change the time or sub- 
ject of any regular meeting when the 
best interest of the club requires it. 

Candidates for membership are 
voted upon by secret ballot, two ad- 
verse votes rejecting the candidate. 
Applicants for active membership 
must be vouched for bv two mem- 

plan of work for the coining year 
before July ist, that a complete re- 
port may be submitted at the first 
meeting of the executive board which 
occurs in October. With the excep- 
tion of the annual meeting, which is 
regarded as purely a family affair, 
members may bring visitors to all 
regular meetings, by the payment of 
twenty-five cents each, provided no 
resident of Concord be invited more 
than once during the season. 


'■-...': ■.- 









Mrs. Armenia Whits Hobbs, Treasurer. 

M«-s. Elizabeth L. Walker, Aud'tor. 

bers, and for associate membership, 
by four members of the club. 

The standing committees have 
charge in turn of the entertainment 
of the club, each committee being 
responsible for two meetings every 
season, and they must present a 
paper or its equivalent at each 

Promptness in arranging the pro- 
gramme for the year is insured by the 
requirement that each chairman call 
her committee together to arrange a 

The meetings of the club occur on 
the second and fourth Friday after- 
noons of each month. from three to 
five o'clock, and a feature that has 
come to be relied on as one of the 
isantest, as well as the nvost im- 
portant, of tlie events of the afternoon 
is the fortnightly resttmi of current 
events, read by the member appointed 
when the yearly programme is made 
up. It requires no little skill to col- 
late the world's news and give the 
It in su h a way as to interest and 



benefit one's fellow members, but it is 

exc client practice in the art of mal 
up a paper, and a sure stepping-stone 
to the kind of writing that requires 

original thought. 

Thus far few of our women have 
been able to present their subjects 
without the use of a manuscript, nor 
have many of those more experienced 
speakers who have visited us, given 
us the pleasure of hearing them talk 
instead of listening to a formal paper. 

a most interesting discussion on the 
part of club members, and many a 
timid woman who two years ago had 
hardly courage enough to second a 
motion, has found herself so interested 
in such subjects as the consideration 
of the health of school children or the 
method of lightening woman's work, 
that she has found courage to lift up 
her voice and to add her mite for the 
edification of the club. 

The usual policy adopted by each 


1 ■ 

The CIld's Present Mteeting Place. 

One of our resident physicians. Dr. 
Maude Kent, has been so notable an 
exception to this, and has given us 
so much pleasure and profit by her 
charming talks on the two subjects. 
"College Settlements," and "Two 
Food Supplies, Air and Water." that 
she deserves special mention and, we 
may say, special emulation. 

It is very gratifying to be able to 
say that the interest which is always 
aroused by the main paper or papers 
of the day almost invariably calls forth 

committee in making up the year's 
programme is to utilize home talent 
for one of its meetings and to secure 
s; me good speaker from abroad for 
the' other one, "and this plan has 
w >rked admirably. 

When the first regular meeting 
occurred in the autumn of 1893. and 
fovr fifteen-minute papers were read 
on literature in general, history and 
its place in literature, religious read- 
ing, and the place and importance of 
ion, we all felt perfectly su^e that 




X ,■■■:': 

, \ 

.Vrj. Delia S. Marsha'.'.. Mrs. Fanny C. Steve ••:.>-, Chairman. Mrs. Susan J. Woo 

Education Committee. 

there never could be another half so 
delightful a meeting. But it has been 
our glad experience that the keynote 
which was struck on that happy after- 
noon has continued to sound as full 
and clear through the two years that 
have followed, and our satisfaction 
has but deepened as the meetings- 
have followed each other. 

During our brief life as a club we 
have had thirty-eight different topics 
under the six departments for discus 
sion, and of these I find that seven- 
teen, nearly one half, relate in some 
way to the home or to children, 
which shows what is the true spirit 
of women, and it is not possible that 
our homes should not be made better 
by the thoughtful interest given to 
all things pertaining to their welfare 
by these " women in council." 

In seeking the outside aid that is 
demanded in order to attain the best 
results, it has been most fortunate for 
us that Boston is so near as to furnish 

us the very best of special thinkers 
and talkers in whatever line we may 
wish to take up. and the most of our 
speakers have naturally been drawn 
from this great centre of literary and 
philanthropic activity. It was especi- 
ally fitting that our first speaker from 
abroad should be Mrs. Harriet R. 
Shattuek, whose " Woman's Manual 
of Parliamentary Law " had been 
adopted as our official guide. Mrs. 
S'.iattuck spoke on "Club Methods 
and Club Ethics," a very appropriate 
tfoeme, and the brief parliamentary 
drill at the close of the lecture was an 
object lesson that formed just the 
needed complement to the spoken 

Among the other speakers from 
Boston were Miss Zilpha I). Smith of 
the associated charities, Mrs. K. M. H. 
Merrill, Mrs. Ellen Battelle Dietrick, 
Miss Charlotte W. Hawes, and Mrs. 
Ellen II. Richards of the Massachu- 
setts Institute of Technology, the 


40 1 

distinguished scientist whose practi- 
cal work in establishing the New 
England kitchen and hot lunches in 
the Boston schools has particularly 

interested us the past few years. 
Miss Kate Sanborn's answer to the 
query, ''Are Women Witty?*' made 
one of our most brilliant afternoons, 

and the committee that gave us this 
pleasure made us still more deeply in 
their debt when they secured tor our 
entertainment as lecturer, Mr. W. M. 
R. French, director of the Art Insti- 
tute of Chicago, who gave us a talk 
on "The Relation of Pictorial to 
Decorative Art," illustrating with 
colored crayons as he went along. 

We had for one meeting a pleasant 
discoursing on the art of conversation 
by the gifted daughter of a still more 
gifted mother in the person of Mrs. 
Florence Howe Hall, daughter of 
Mrs. Julia Ward Howe, and another 
afternoon the inspiring example of 
the Chicago Woman's Club was held 

up to us by a former member of it, 
Mrs. Marean of Cambridge. But the 
two speakers who stirred our members 
most of all weie Mrs. Johnson, head 
of the Sherborn Reformatory for 
Women, and Adjutant Ellen Brengle, 
the sweet, refined gentlewoman who 
has given her life and talent to Sal- 
vation Army work, and who made us 
realize something of the debt the 
world owes to those who are not 
afraid to grapple with the lowest and 
most abandoned victims of vice. Both 
of these women showed us a very un- 
familiar side of life, and no thought- 
ful person can doubt the importance 
of having the sympathies enlarged by 
a knowledge of the trials and tempta- 
tions of which we can have experi- 
enced little or nothing. 

But interesting and in>piring as the 
outside speakers have been, it is the 
universal feeling of the club that its 
most satisfactory and profitable ses- 
sions have been those carried on bv 

" fe 

Mrs. Carrie //. Johnson* Mn. Alict .>/. V/ms, Chairmen. M> .. Mary If. A ; tm 

Current E/ents Commttfe. 



our own members, and it is certain 
that a surprising amount of latent 
ability has been developed among 
those who never suspected that the) 
could possibly speak or write any- 
thing worthy of attention. A tew of 
the subjects treated by club members 
will show something of what has 
taken their attention, viz.: "The 
Duties of Parents in This Town to 
the Children of This Town," "The 
Sociological Problem, embracing the 

ing for purely social purposes that we 
might become better acquainted with 

each other through the unrestrained 

interchange of informal talk, and our 
club teas, one of which must always 
occur at the annual meeting, have 
made an agreeable change from the 
intellectual character of our regular 
meetings. On one occasion a hand- 
some reception was given to the 
friends of the members, especially to 
the husbands, fathers, brothers, and 

■ ft "> ' . '• 


5 #y ijfe.^ 

.- ^ 


* A 


Dr. Maude Kent. yirs. Julia K. Carpi titer, Cliain t.-.-. Miss Helen McGregor Ayers. 

Science Comnnittee. 

Church View and College Settle- 
ments," "The State's Care of De- 
pendent Children," " Aesthetics in 
the Household," "The Study of 
Modern Languages," The Kinder- 
garten." "The Unemployed." "Home 
Sanitation." "Tendencies of the 
Times as Shown in Current Litera- 
ture," and many other subjects of 
like interest that have been thought- 
fully discussed. 

We have had an occasional gather- 

sons. The chairman of the social 
committee kindly offered her beauti- 
ful home for our pleasure and we 
greatly enjoyed so delightful an inno- 

The two musicales that we have 
had the past winter have given very 
rare enjoyment, and they have com- 
manded a high order of talent. These 
will hereafter be a regular feature of 
the year's work and pleasure. 

Last year we had as a supplement- 



stry study a course of >ix lectures or 
talks by Hon. James 0. Lyford on 
current events, dealing chiefly with 
Hawaiian affairs, the silver question, 

and such other public matters as were 
of current interest. A course of twelve 
lessons in parliamentary usage has 
been enjoyed by a class of twelve or 
more women this year under the 
tutelage of Mrs. Etta II. Osgood of 
Portland, an experienced parliament- 
arian, who made a most charming 

ours could be formed to the great 
profit and enjoyment of the com- 
munity, and in smaller places, even 
in the farming regions, less elaborate 

associations for mutual improvement 
could easily be brought about. It 
would be a great help to the schools 
of the state if women throughout its 
length and breadth would make some 
study of the best educational methods 
for the children, and the club is one 
of the best mediums for such, study. 


Mrs. Rosalie A. Porter. Mrs Laura S. Hi;!, Chairman. Mrs. Frances A". Lane. 
Pn lan*hropv C^rrrr'tt-e. 

instructor. Two drills were given to 
the whole club and the members 
entered into them with much zest and 

This brief sketch of our club work 
and recreation has been given with a 
sincere hope that it may make it seem 
worth while to the women of main- 
other New Hampshire towns to "go 
and do likewise." In a score at 
least of the cities and large towns of 
the state, clubs just as successful as 

It is by no means necessary to have a 
club of many interests. Indeed, one 
subject alone, like the study of litera- 
ture, some natural science, current 
events, or village improvement, is 
enough to form the basis of a profit- 
ftl le organization. 

And in this connection it will be of 
interest to some to know that it was 
a bible class of twenty-five or thirty 
women who were earnest in thought 
and ready in expression, that first 



Miss Gertrude Downing, Mrs. Mary P. Woo dj t at £J t, Chairman. Mrs. Louise Cage Kimball. 

Music Corm- — ?-e. 

gave to Mrs. Streeter the idea of 
forming the larger association which 
should include many more individuals 
-of different social and religious views. 
The result has proved that the times 
were right for the success of such a 
movement here, and we may well 
look to see if other parts of our com- 
monwealth are not equally adapted 
to this particular influence. Our 
sister state of Maine gives us an 
excellent example to emulate. In 
1S92 but one club, that of Portland, 
was represented by its three delegates 
at the biennial meeting of the General 
Federation of Women's Clubs in Chi- 
cago, but two years later a delegation 
of twenty-five, representing between 
eighty-five and ninety clubs, was sent 
to the Philadelphia meeting of 1894. 

There is perhaps some ground for 
hope that there will be an extension 
of the work in New Hampshire from 
the fact that many wives and 
daughters of legislators during the 

la-ft biennial session were invited to 
meetings of our club, particularly the 
one that occurred in " ladies' week." 
an I they were all enthusiastic in ex- 
pressing their appreciation of its 
im\erest and value. Such seed 
sho>uld certainly be expected to bring 
fort.h much fruit. 

There are many members of our 
clu'b who would give assistance most 
gladly to any one who would like the 
Demerit of our experience with a view 
to forming a large or small one in any 
part of the state. 

Of course the ideal club is the one 
matde up of both men and women. 
On - sister city, Nashua, is so happy as 
to have this most desirable possession, 
butt in most towns this state of things 
see tns almost impossible of attainment. 
So many men in these busy times are 
too deeply absorbed in business to be 
w\\. ing to give the necessary time, 
thai it seems all the more important 
for us women to meet together for 



consultation upon such subjects as 
are of most interest and consequence 
to us and to the community in which 
we live. 

We need to consider home matters 
of all kinds, the education and train 
ing of our children and the needs of 
the poor among us, as matters of the 
utmost practical value, while the 
study of art, literature, and current 
events gives us a pleasure and re- 
freshment of spirit that are of great 
personal benefit. One of the chief 
advantages of the club is the bringing 
together of women of different ages in 
intimate conference, and the warm 
friendliness of each for all. Certainly 
no club woman has any excuse for 
gossip, unless it be of the golden sort 
that Mrs. Whitney so winningly pre- 
sents in her last book, there are so 
many better things to talk about. 
Another advantage of the club is that 
women learn a self-forgetfulness in 
their absorbing interest in different 

subjects that frees them from the 
painful self -consciousness that is 

characteristic of most women unused 
to considering matters of public con- 
cern. To speak one's mind freely 
and modestly, with more thought of 
the matter under consideration than 
of one's self, is a great achievement. 

So perfectly did the president of 
our club in her last annual address 
voice the sentiment of the member- 
ship as to its chief duties that she 
must be quoted at some length. 

"Women must not in all these 
1 new occasions and new duties ' lose 
sight of the fact that the first duty of 
a woman is always to the home, that 
her new power is a means, not an 
end, a means whereby she may make 
her home brighter, healthier, happier, 
train her children into better and 
nobler men and women, keep pace 
with them in their studies, keep her 
heart young to enjoy their pleasure- 
with them. 

' ' ** 



"There are still to be found men 
and women, too, who maintain stoutly 
that the clubs interfere with the home 
life. Each club woman must remem- 
ber that the eves of the world are upon 
her, as it were, and that she is to 

devotion? I am sure she will. . . . 
The type of true womanhood is 
changcle-s eternal as the stars. 
whether found on the plains of Israel 
4,000 years ago or in the modem 
twentieth century club woman. It 

maintain the standard 
making and housekeeping 
members before the world. 

home- is the giddy, frivolous sisters, 

of club 

" ' Nor kiiowest thou what argument 
Thy life to thy neighbor's creed hath 




petty, selfish, and sometimes spiteful. 
thinking onlv of themselves, working 
only to gain their own ends, who ea>t 
discredit on the club movement, and 
through it upon the new woman. 




Mrs. Addie M. Pearson. Miss Grace Blanckard, Chaii 

Press C^mrr.ittee. 

Susan J. II'- 

" It would be sad indeed if we were For there are always to be found a 

forced to believe that these new op- few such everywhere, women who 

portunities, this new life and work, seem incapable of grasping the club 

would change the essential nature of idea, and who are without a spark 

woman, take away one jot from her of enlightenment as to the true al- 

true feminine charm, the crown and truistic aim and scope of club work, 

grace of noble womanhood. Will It is these women who consider it a 

not the 'new woman ' honor and re- mark of superiority not to understand 

spect her husband and feel that loy- business methods or parliamentary 

alty to him is a part. of her religion? usage, and who look upon their ina- 

Will not her heart throb with moth- bility to write a paper or take part in 

erly love and tenderness? Will she a discussion as evidence of unusual 

not be true to the claims of filial sensibility and refinement. But each 



year it will he found that these Dora 
Spenlows of the clubs will grow small- 
er and smaller in number till it were 
easier to find a needle in a hay-mow 
than one such unworthy member.*' 

Truly it is self-forgetfulness, an 
interest in others, and a spirit of 
helpfulness that marks the ideal 
club woman, and when we of the 
Concord Woman's Club shall have 
grown into a compact body of units, 
"fitly joined together," so that we 
understand where our strength lies, 
we may hope to do good work for 
humanity whenever the need comes 
home to us. When the great and 
good Frederick W. Robertson was 

giving a list of rules for his own lite 
he set it down as one of his duties 
that he should '* learn to take a deep 
interest in the difficulties of others," 
and 111 i -^ is a purpose that may well 
be formed by a club like ours when- 
ever there are troubles or wrongs 
that it takes the united action of 
many to set right. The vital ques- 
tions of our times demand the deepest 
thought and the strongest moral 
power, and that we may look well to 
the influences that promote the safety 
and prosperity of our homes, our city, 
and our state, should ever be the 
one grand aim of our well-beloved 
Woman's Club. 


By William S. Harris. 

Dandelion ! — face of gold, 
Dearest friend of young and old ! 

Spring's first calling, 

Gently falling, 
Wakes thee from the chilly mold. 

When adown the greening hills 
Run in glee the rippling rills, 
At thy gleaming, 
Welcome beaming. 
Every heart with rapture thrills. 

Thou dost not in woodlands drear 
Veil thy countenance in fear ; 

Nor in hiding, 

Keep thy beauty and thy cheer. 

But thy friendly face is found 
By the footpath's trodden ground 

Sweetly smiling, 

Care beguiling, 
Shedding gladness all around. 

In the vales where grasses spring, 
On the hills where robins sing, 

By the highways 

And the byways, 
Joy to all thy greetings bring. 

Richer gold than miser know- 
In thy pure cup freely glows ; 

And earth's poorest 

Are the surest 
Of the wealth thy love bestows. 

Human friends untrue may prove 
Naught can dim thy smile of love 

Friendly ever, 

Faithless never, 
Constant as the heaven above. 

^B toil - ^H^j|M / -, r 

Jiv tr&cKl^// Log/ t}\*tykirt tV He/t kfc^ 
/ Mid w^ter-bl^/^lyhrut/ a^cl t^^dywMe, 
T^el\^ut\t °i bitter^ and °T water tadl. 
Of arag°i\ {1/ &t\i fliv^y w*i\er /i\&kc, 
H\ gIcac] °t June, Half Md^n iJ\ \\e> Ir^t, 
. 1 find [\y tiny kaKe^/ dvyte cYnd frail 
Ji M/ t^ie^t/'uin^i packed iiy tt\9jjej pale,, 
/> ^Sncl M>Y /"francs- hlwrnle/y blooin but J^alj &wa^c. 

I pUcl\cr Le&rer \o l\e ryh&yy T^n, 
I| ^n t\erc k^ I&e/c hr j°h\u<le/ f 
\ l°ve fyy purple lovl w)\ere cUrkly lie 

I l"ve t}^cc tyjp» l\^/'t j\ever left fjye w®^ 
/^ c, rtJ^erri W/ except t° clie. 


: : 

• •"•<^ r "^>^r* ' " 

Conducted by Fred Gcnuing, State Superintendent of Public Instruction. 


Adaptation to present needs and im- 
provement are constant necessities in 
sehool affairs as in all departments of 
human activity. In recognition of this 
principle, the school laws of New Hamp- 
shire were modified by the general court 
during the January session of 1S95 in 
important particulars. 

Schools cost money. Something of 
worth is not to be procured for noth- 
ing. There is this problem in New- 
Hampshire, and it is larger than a tech- 
nically educational problem, — how are 
good schools, well instructed and super- 
vised, to be maintained during a suffi- 
cient portion of the year without the 
imposition of a too onerous burden upon 
the poorer communities ? The solution 
does not yet appear. For many years 
it was required by law that three hun- 
dred and fifty dollars for every dollar of 
the public tax apportioned to a town be 
raised and appropriated to the support 
of schools. Many, if not most, towns 
raised sums in excess of the legal 
requirements ; some raised just the 
amounts required by law. In 1S93 the 
requirement was raised to four hundred 

dollars for every dollar of the public 
tax. Beginning January 1. 1S96, the 
amount to be raised will be five hundred 
dollars for every dollar of the public tax 
apportioned to a town. Comparatively 
few districts will be affected by this 
change. It is probable that in some 
places special appropriations will be de- 
creased, but the chief advantage will 
come to such towns as. having the neces- 
sary means to support better schools, 
raise for school purposes just what the 
Law demands and no more. 

The duty of making an annual enumer- 
ation of children has been transferred 
from the selectmen or assessors to truant 
officers or agents appointed by the 
school boards. The basis of statistics 
and computations regarding the effi- 
ciency and enforcement of laws relating 
to compulsory attendance and kindred 
matters must be the number of children 
"in the state uf school age. The annual 
enumeration has been slighted or wholly 
-disregarded by the town and city officers 
in general. Fifty-two, thirty, and fifteen 
towns and cities have failed to make any 
returns of enumerations for the la^t 



three years respectively and, ns a whole, 
those received have been inaccurate and 
untrustworthy. As this subject con- 
cerned chiefly the school departments, 

it would seem wi^e that the collection of 
the required data be entrusted to the 
officials of such departments. Economy 
has been the only plea for the former 
method and this would have had some- 
what of validity if the work had been 
well done. L'nder the present law many 
towns have appointed th*» selectmen 
as their agents. Suggestions as to de- 
sirable items made by the local superin- 
tendents of the state were sent to all 
towns and cities from the department of 
public instruction and generally adopted. 
It is reasonable to expect that the most 
careful and accurate returns ever com- 
piled will be received this year, and that 
the discrepancies rising into the thou- 
sands will largely disappear. 

With the possible exception of this 
enumeration of children, no subject of 
school legislation has attracted so much 
attention and aroused so much interest 
as the examination of teachers. As 
long ago as 17S9, the legislature pro- 
vided for the examination of teachers, 
and certificates of qualification to teach 
were required until 1891. The last re- 
vision of the Public Statutes removed 
the requirement of certificates to teach. 
"The school board shall select and hire 
suitable and competent teachers." This 
was all. Fitness and ability were to be 
determined by the local boards. The 
present law leaves the matter with the 
school boards, but there is a recognition 
of a possible state standard of qualifica- 
tion as there should be in a state that 
through its normal school officials regu- 
larly confers diplomas upon graduates 
of such an institution as the state normal 
school. The new law requires that - the 
school boards shall select and hire suit- 

able and competent teachers holding 
certificates as provided by law " and 

that -school boards shall annually in 
the month of June or July, and at such 
other times as they deem best, hold an 
examination of candidates for certifi- 
cates of qualification to teach in the pub- 
lic schools. Candidates shall be exam- 
ined in the studies prescribed by law, or 
by the school board in accordance with 
law. Such candidates as pass an exam- 
ination satisfactory to the school board 
and present satisfactory evidence of 
good moral character and capacity for 
government, shall receive certificates of 
qualification signed by the school board, 
to continue in force not more than one 
year from the date thereof." Here is a 
return to previous conditions. It is 
true that some school boards may be in- 
competent to determine properly the 
necessary qualifications for teaching. It 
is true that many examinations were 
farces. This law, however, is certainly 
no worse than the one it displaces, and 
does have the additional important fea- 
ture of an authoritative, signed certifi- 
cate. This feature of a required certifi- 
cate of qualification, taken in connection 
with the optional acceptance by local 
boards of a state certificate, the really 
new feature of the legislation relating to 
the examination and certification of 
teachers, is a progressive step in the 
desired improvement of the teaching 
force of the state. 

What may constitute the examination 
to be given by local boards ? It is im- 
port ant that the meaning of the term 
examination has been restricted in edu- 
cational affairs to a formal oral or writ- 
ten test in certain branches of study. 
The scope of the word is much broader 
than this. The fundamental meaning 
involves the idea of accurate weighing 
and just this idea should predominate 



in the determination of a teacher's quali- 
fications for the performance of his func- 
tions. Scholarship, moral character, 
capacity for government, are important 
attributes of a suitable and competent 
teacher. Just as in our best schools 
instructors no longer depend solely upon 
formal written tests, given at stated 
times, for determining the promotion of 
pupils from class to class, but judge 
merit in a larger, broader, truer way; 
just as college presidents accept state- 
ments from principals of approved 
schools regarding the ability of students 
to enter their institutions, so school 
officers judge teachers by wiser and 
more satisfactory methods. Under the 
present law, school boards may demand 
that teachers, regardless of length and 
efficiency of service, in spite of intimate 
acquaintanceship on the part of those 
in authority, shall take an annual written 
examination. This is wholly unneces- 
sary, if not unwise. Frequent visita- 
tion of the teacher in the school room, 
a study of the work of the teacher and 
the pupils, a careful inspection of the 
results secured, a thoughtful study of 
the teacher in his entirety, are better 
bases for sound judgment in the issu- 
ance of certificates than any other test, 
oral or written. An examination of this 
sort is sufficient. In the case of new or 
untried teachers, a test, oral or written, 
or both, seems to be a necessity. While 
scholarship, and not always that, may be 
somewhat fairly judged by the results 
of a written examination, something 
more is desirable, and school officers 
must ever be good judges of human 
nature. Without further detail, it may 
be said that for teachers already in the 
corps, an examination, a weighing of 
results, of the school generally is best; 
for those unknown, untried, or doubtful, 
who seek admission to the force, a test, 

oral or written, preferably both, should 
be applied. By this mode of procedure 
the spirit of the law will be kept. 

The law providing for the examination 
and certification of teachers by the super- 
intendent of public instruction is plain, 
and as the details of plans for carrying 
out its provisions have not yet been 
completed, no explanations are neces- 
sary at this time. 

An Act to provide for the examination 
and certification of school teachers by the 
superintendent of public instruction. 

Be it enacted by the senate and house of 
representatives in general court convened : 

Section 1. The superintendent of public 
instruction shall cause to be held at such 
convenient times and places as he may from 
time to time designate, public examinations 
of candidates for the position of teacher in 
the public schools of the state. Such exami- 
nations shall test the professional as well as 
the scholastic abilities of candidates, and 
shall be conducted by such persons and in 
such manner as the superintendent of pnblic 
instruction may from time to time designate. 
Due notice of the time, place, and other 
conditions of the examinations shall be 
given in such public manner as the superin- 
tendent of public instruction may determine. 

Sec. 2. A certificate of qualification shall 
be given to all candidates who pass satisfac- 
examinations in such branches as are 
recr.uired by law to be taught, and who in respects fulfill the requirements of the 
superintendent ; such certificate shall be 
eir'iier probationary or permanent, and shall 
indicate the grade of school for which the 
in named in the certificate is qualified 
b ach. 

Sec. 3. A list of approved candidates shall 
be kept in the office of the department of pub- 
lic instruction and copies of the same, with 
information as may be desired, shall be 
SCfltt to school committees upon their 
. st. 

Sec. 4. The certificates issued under the 
provisions of this act may be accepted by 



school committees in lieu of the per 
examination required by section 6 of chapter 
92 of the Public Statutes. 

Sec. 5. A sum not exceeding throe hun- 
dred dollars may be annually expended from 
the income o\ institute fund for the neces- 
sary and contingent expenses of carrying out 
the provisions of this act. 

Sec. 6. This act shall take effect upon 
its passage. 

The good sought is the improvement 
of the great body of our teachers. 
None of its provisions are obligatory 
upon teachers or school boards. Teach- 
ers are not compelled to take the exami- 
nations, school boards are not com- 
pelled to accept state certificates. This, 
however, is but the beginning. It is 
hoped that ultimately a state certificate 
may be demanded of every teacher 
seeking or holding a position in a public 
school. At present this demand would 
be unwise and unjust, and would secure 
the defeat of the desirable and desired 
end by the accompanying hardships im- 
posed upon teachers and school boards 
not yet prepared for so radical a change. 
The present expectation is that teachers 
of the progressive sort will prefer the state 
certificate to frequent examination for 
new positions, as the certificate may be 
accepted throughout the state. It is 
hoped, too, that school boards, particu- 
larly in the smaller towns, will give the 
preferance to such teachers as have 
secured the state certificates. One 
desirable feature is not to be over- 
looked, the separation of the examining 
and appointing powers. Favoritism can 
be more readily eliminated. The worth 
of the law will depend upon the wisdom 
of its execution and the cooperation of 
teachers and school officers. 

In the statute relating to the dismissal 
of teachers, the clause "and every con- 
tract for the hire of a teacher, however 

expressed, shall be taken to be subject 
to these conditions" was stricken out 
and the remainder rearranged, so as to 
read simply: "They shall dismiss any 
teacher found by them to be unsuitable 
or incompetent or who shall not conform 
to the regulations by them prescribed." 
This is in harmony with the require- 
ment for the hire of teachers. 

Annually blank forms are sent from 
the state department of public instruc- 
tion to the local boards. Hereafter 
these forms are to be filled out and 
returned to the state orhce on or before 
the first day of August instead of the 
first day of April as heretofore. The 
new law provides also that "the school 
year shall begin with the fall term." It 
formerly happened that the cities and 
many towns gave statistics relating to 
attendance and other distinctively school 
matters for the year ending the previous 
summer. These statistics were some- 
what ancient history by the time of pub- 
lication in the state report late in the 
winter following the making of the 
returns. Uniformity is now ensured. 
Boards report to the towns as usual in 
the spring, and may make returns on 
financial matters for their last fiscal 
year, but school items should include 
the school year just previous to the time 
of reporting. August 1. The statute is 
clear as to what items shall be reported. 

The duties of the superintendent of 
public instruction have been so amended 
that hereafter he shall investigate the 
condition and efficiency of the system of 
popular education in the state, espec 
in relation to the amount and character 
of the instruction given to the study of 
physiology and hygiene, having special 
■reference to the effects of ale 

nulants and of narcotics upon the 
human system, and shall recommend to 
school boards what he considers the 



best text-books upon those subjects and 
suggest to them the be^st mode of teach- 

ing them. As the fulfillment of this 
duty involves the examination of a large 

number of books and practically the 
arrangement of a course of study in 
temperance physiology, together with 
suggestions as to the best pedagogic 
methods to be used, time will be re- 
quired for a careful consideration of the 
whole matter. 

School boards, too, are now required 
to " see that the studies so prescribed 
(physiology, etc.) are thoroughly taught 
in said schools, and that well approved 
text-books upon these subjects are fur- 
nished to teachers and scholars. If any 
member of the school board shall neglect 
or refuse to comply with the provisions 
of section 6 (the preceding*, he shall 
forfeit the sum of two hundred dollars. 

The purpose of these provisions is to 
strengthen and improve the study of 
temperance and right living in the 
schools. Some questions may arise in 
the practical operation of the law, but it 
may be well not to anticipate difficul- 

Time restrictions in the adoption and 
continuance of text-books have been 
removed. The following amendment to 
the free text-book law is made : "They 
(the school board; shall make provision 
for the sale of such books at cost to 
pupils of the schools wishing to pur- 
chase them for their own use.'' 

A weak feature in the school system is 
the lack of skilled supervision. "A 
school district may require the school 
board to elect or appoint a superintend- 
ent of schools." The will of the district 
still determines whether there shall be 
a superintendent of schools or not, but 
the selection of the individual rests with 
the school board. 

There was no doubt that districts 

might unite in the employment of a 
superintendent of schools, but the fol- 
owing permissive act was passed : 

Two or more towns or special districts 
may, by vote of each, form a district for the 
purpose of employing a superintendent of 

the public schools therein, who shall perform 
in each town the duties prescribed by law and 
the regulations of the school boards. 

Such superintendent shall be appointed 
by a joint committee composed of the school 
board of each of the towns in said district, 
who shall determine the relative amount of 
service to be performed by him in each 
town, and shall fix his salary and apportion 
the amount thereof to be paid by the several 
towns, and certify such amount to the treas- 
urer of each town. Said joint committee 
shall, for said purposes, be held to be the 
agents of each town composing such district. 

The observance of Memorial Day in 
the public schools has become general, 
and this noble custom is now crystal- 
lized into this law : 

In all the public schools of the state the 
last recailar session prior to Memorial Day, 
or a portion thereof, shall be devoted to 
exercises of a patriotic nature. 

Too much cannot be made in the 
schools or out of patriotism and loyalty 
to the institutions and Hag of our country. 

The income to be devoted to institute 
work is diminished one third by the act 
reducing to four per cent, the rate of 
interest on trust funds held by the state. 
Much greater sums could be proritablv 
employed in this work, which has been 
enlarging. By increased labor and a 
modification of plans the benefits of the 
institutes will be maintained. 

No changes were made in the laws 
relating to compulsory attendance of 
children at school or the employment of 
child labor in manufacturing establish- 
ments. As school boards must i 



certificates of attendance at school to 
children between the ages of twelve and 
sixteen years, and as no uniform regula- 
tions existed in regard to certificates for 
children attending private schools, the 
following provision was made : 

Xo certificate as provided in the foregoing 
sections (see Public Statutes, c. 93) shall 
be issued tor attendance at any private 
school unless such school shall have previously 
been approved by the school board of the 
district in which it is situated, as furnishing 
instruction in the English language in all 
the studies required by law equal to that 
given in the public schools of said district 
and unless the record of attendance should 
be kept in the form required of the public 
schools, and be open to the inspection of 
the school board of the district at all times. 

It is the duty of the state to see 
that every child who ought to be in 
school is in school ; that he remains 
in school for as long a time as possi- 
ble; that while in school he is under 
the best possible instruction and super- 
vision. Not only should it be possible 
for every child to obtain an education. 
but it should be impossible for him not 
to get one. 

Briefly this article deals with the prin- 
cipal features of the new laws as they 
modify or displace the old. Changes 
come slowly, and more remains to do. 
A subsequent article will deal with some 
improvements, desirable and feasible, 
that should be made in the present 
school laws. 


In 1873 the great " Teacher." as he 
loved to be called, Louis Agassiz, estab- 
lished his famous Summer School on an 
island in Buzzard's Bay. His plan was 
to give practical instruction to young 
naturalists, and to "establish a school 
where teachers from our schools and 
colleges could make their vacations ser- 
viceable both for work and recreation by 
direct study of nature." 

The encouragement was so great by 
the attendance and interest that other 
departments in Harvard University de- 
termined to increase their efficiency in a 
like manner. Their success was great. 
Now the Summer School is not only a 
strong factor in the departments of 
many of our leading universities, but 
particularly so in the public school sys- 
tem of the state. The states are few 
indeed who can not now boast of a 
summer school or school of methods for 
the teachcis of the public schools. 

Some are but a week in duration ; some 
charge a slight tuition ; others last two 
or three weeks, and are free to the 
teachers of the state. That these schools 
are annually increasing is a sufficient 
reply to those who have yet to learn 
their value, or pretend to think them a 
passing " fad." It is unquestionably a 
fact that the change of surroundings and 
work, the stimulus of congenial compan- 
ions interested in the same subjects, are 
the best preparations for the hard work 
of the school room. The location and 
equipment of such a school is most im- 

In 1893 the first state summer school 
ever established in New Hampshire was 
opened by the State Department of 
Public Instruction at Plymouth in the 
Normal School buildings. The attend- 
ance was more than encouraging ami 
the work done and the interest shown 
proved that the teachers of the state 



wore ready and wailing for just such 
help. In 1S94 the attendance at the 
school was nearly doubled, in spite of 
the fact that a summer school of biology 
had_ been opened at Durham. Some 
teachers were in attendance at both. 

The third annual State Summer Insti- 
tute opens at Plymouth on August 17, 
lasting two weeks — tuition free as here- 

tofore to New Hampshire teachers. The 
programme is a strong one, the instruct- 
ors all leading educators, and no New 
Hampshire teachers whether from the 
rural ungraded or the city school can 
afford to miss this opportunity. The 
prospectus will be issued early in June. 
Teachers, send for it to the Department 
of Public Instruction, Concord, X. H. 


The success attending the first session 
of the School of Biology, held during 
the summer of 1S94, has led to the con- 
viction that the college may do good 
service to the educational interests of 
the state, by establishing such a school 
as a regular feature of its yearly pro- 
gramme. 1 he present announcement 
of the second session, to be held July 
8 to August 3, 1S95, is therefore issued. 
The chief purpose in view will be, as 
before, to give teachers in the secondary 
and lower schools a sound knowledge of 
the essential features of plant and ani- 
mal life, by means of laboratory studies 
of the more important organic types ; but 
special attention will be devoted to those 
phases of natural history which are likely 
to prove useful for nature studies in the 
lower schools. To this end a special 
series of lectures and exhibits is ar- 
ranged for. 

In order that those who so desire may 
take advantage of the school, the fee 
has been reduced to $10 for the entire- 
course. Board and room may be ob- 
tained for 53.50 to 54 per week, so that 
the expense of attendance will be mod- 
erate. Most of the summer school 
students can get rooms and board near 
the main building. 

The situation of the college is pecu- 
liarly favorable to the study of natural 
history. Plants and animals inhabiting 
a great variety of land surface, as well 
as fresh, brackish, and salt water are 
easily accessible. 

It is very desirable that all who intend 
to enter the school should notify the 
president as eariy as possible, that plans 
may be made for the number in attend- 
ance. Applicants may address. Presi- 
dent Charles S. Murkland, Durham, 
N. H. 

PUBLISHERS 1 Note. — The portraits of Presiden: Cleveland and Mrs. Cleveland, accom- 
panying Senator Chandler's article in the May number of THE GRANITE MONTHLY, were 
engraved from photographs by Bell of Washington, whose reputation is national 
whose artistic taste was perhaps never shown to better advantage than in The Granite 
Monthly originals. 


By Belle Marshall Locke. 

The apple-trees bend, with blossoms pink-hearted, 
A faint, subtle perfume is rilling the air. 

I lean "gainst the bars, where last year we parted. 
And dream of the face that to me was so fair. 

That pale, pensive face, blue eyes, with curled lashes, 
And hair all a-gleam, like a frame-work of gold. 

The picture, clean-cut, across my mind flashes, 
And the memory, sweet, to my heart I enfold. 

'T was a day all full of bird-song and sunlight. 

That shimmered and danced through blossoming trees 
Over yon mountain a cloud floated, fleece white, 

And the soft air was filled with humming of bees. 

The words of all words that morning I 'd spoken, 
And a circlet of gold shone on your white hand, 

Emblem of love and of fond vows unbroken ; 

It made you my own, dear, that tiny bright band. 

Then we walked arm in arm down through the meadow, 
And we talked of the year that must intervene 

Before I should see you, and a dark shadow 

Stole over our hearts, keenly felt, though unseen. 

The year glided by, slow-winged, heavy laden; 

And nothing remains but a little, green mound. 
You came to me, dear, a pale, waxen maiden 

The angels in heaven had sought for and found. 

The days and nights are alike to me now. Clare, 

My heart is a dead thing, that beats 'gainst my will. 

I wonder if you, in your heavenly home, there. 
Can know I am waiting, am true to you still. 

Send me a message, to comfort me, dearie. 

Oh, whisper it soft on the next breeze that blows ; 
A word to lighten my burden so weary, 

That will comfort my heart and bring me repose. 

A strange, quiet feeling o'er him came creeping. 

The wind softly sighed through the branches above. 

They found him at sunset quietly sleeping. 
Life's labor ended, he'd "one to his love. 


James A. Weston was born in Manchester August 27, 1 S 2 7 , and died at his 
home in that city May S. In his youth Mr. Weston began the study of civil 
engineering, teaching school winters. At the age of 19 he had acquired a singular 
proficiency and was appointed assistant engineer of the old Concord Railroad. 
In 1849 he became chief engineer, a position he held for many years. For a series 
of years he occupied the positions of ro.idmaster and master of transportation of 
the Concord and the Manchester & Lawrence railroads. As chief engineer of the 
Concord & Portsmouth Railroad, he superintended the construction of the greater 
portion of that road. Later Mr. Weston built the Suncook Valley road. Pesides 
his railroad work, he found time to put in Concord's Penacook Lake system of 
water works. In politics Mr. Weston was always a Democrat. He was the first 
Democrat elected mayor of his city-— :n 1S62. Mr. Weston ran for mayor six 
times, being elected three times. Mr. Weston was called upon to stand as the 
gubernatorial candidate of his party at the election in March, 1S71. His opponent 
was Rev. James Pike. The election resulted in no choice by the people, but in 
the following June the legislature elected Mr. Weston governor, the first Demo- 
cratic governor since 1S55. Gov. Weston was renominated, but was defeated by 
Ezekiel A. Straw. Both men ran again in 1S73. Gov. Straw being re-elected. For 
the fourth time Mr. Weston was Dominated for governor, and at the election in 
March, 1874, he was far ahead of his opponent, Gen. Luther McCutchins, but the 
scattering vote defeated a choice. The Democratic legislature, cho>»en at that 
time, again selected Mr. Weston for governor. Gov. Weston served as chairman 
of the New Hampshire Centennial commission, and was appointed by congress 1 
member of the board of finance. On the establishment of the state board of 
health, he was selected one of its members, and retained the position up to the 
time of his death. Gov. Weston became interested in various financial enterprises, 
especially banking. In 1S77 he was chosen president of the City National Bank, 
which in October, 1SS0, was changed to tl e Merchants' National Bank, and con- 
tinued at the head of that institution during his life. He was also treasurer of 
the Suncook Valley Railroad. He was one of the organizers of the New Hamp- 
shire Fire Insurance Company, and had always been its president and a mem 1 er 
of the directorate except a few of the earlier years of its existence, when he was 
the vice president. In August, 1SS0, the supreme court appointed him chairman 
of the board of trustees for the bondholders of the Manchester & Keene Railroad. 
Mr. Weston was a most public-spirited citizen, and his death is keenly felt by his 


associates in all of the many institutions frith which lie was actively connected. 
He is survived by five children. His wifa died three years ago. In 1S71 Dart- 
mouth College conferred upon him the honorary degree of Master of Arts. He- 
was a member of the Amoskeag Veterans, high in the Masonic fraternity, — ever 

since the institution of Trinity Commandery, Knights Templars, had been its 
treasurer. " 


George W. Gardner was born at Pomfret, Vt. f October S, 1S2S. and died at New 
London April 2S. He graduated from Dartmouth College in the cla>s of 1S52, 
and in the following year became the first principal of the New London Literary 
and Scientific Institution, now Colby academy, in which position he remained 
eight years. He was or "ained as a minister in 1S5S and installed pastor of the 
First Baptist church, Charlestown, Mass., in 1S61, where he remained eleven years. 
Dartmouth College conferred upon him the dcgiee of doctor of divinity in 1S67. 
In 1S72 he became corresponding secretary of the American Baptist Missionary 
Union. He travelled in Europe, Egypt, Palestine, and Greece in 1S70. In 
i8;6-'7S he was pastor of the First Baptist church in Cleveland, O. When Presi- 
dent Dunn retired from the Central University of Iowa, Dr. Gardner was called to 
fill the vacancy, and from iSSr to 1SS4 was iiis head. He was then pastor of the 
Beth Eden Baptist church, Waltham, Mass.. from 1SS8 to 1S90 when failing health 
compelled him to return to New London. He; has ever since been connected with 
Colby academy as trustee, and instructor in E-':!)licaI literature and Christian evi- 
dences. For the past eight years he has edited Summer Rest, a summer souvenir 
annual. He also had editorial connection nish the Baptist Missionary Magazine 
and the Watchman^ besides writing extensively for magazines and newspapers. 
He is survived by a widow, a daughter, and two sons. 


Elihu Wilder was born in Peterborough, September 26, 1S3S, and died in Xorth 
Cambridge, Mass., May 13. He was a mechanical engineer, and had made many 
valuable inventions in sewing machines and fixtures, knitting machines, firearms, 
coal elevators, bicycles, carriages, wood and iron working machinery, cui'T and col- 
lar machines, etc. 


Nathan French was born in Sandown, and died in Maiden, Mass., aged $4 
years. Pie was educated at Dartmouth Colleg _-. and in medicine at Boston. He 
began the practice of his profession at Malde: in 1S39, which was ever afterward 
his home. He was twice married, and is surv' od by a widow and one daughter. 


Capt. George E. Glines, the oldest member in point of service of the New 
Hampshire National Guard, died at Manchester, May 22, aged 60 years. He 
was a veteran of the Rebellion i'i^t Light Battery), and was fur some years cap- 
tain of the night watch, Manchester police f ree. 



• i 

Concord Axle Co. 


EDWARD B. DAVIS, J). D. S. ^T ^ ]\J ^ J] j ) I 


Blanehard's Block. Cor. Main and Pleasant St; 

Would respectfully call attention to the 


Complete Copies of 

Vol. I and II of the 

Granite Monthly 

Address this ofriee. 

For all operations. 

Crown and Bridge work. 

Artificial work in the most artistic manner. 


But sell direct t<> the consumer at wh'de>ale 
primes, ship anywhere tor examination bc!'"rtr 
.-•. -. Everything warranted. 

JiPO styles of Carriages, 90 styles of Harness, 
\ Sm&Ales, Fly Xet<. etc. 

.Send 4c. in stamps, postage on 112 page cata- 
, lOgine. 

i W. B. PRATT. Secretary. ELKHART. IND. 

The Worlds Fair 
Best Flour 

Excels All Others in 
Purity in Milling and 
Excellent Flavor of the Bread, 



. r-jlO-O. tDW»'.DUCH»«. 

•Ul I BOW Iff *•■ ''» •»>«•- Vj I 

•m *3 (JVy cLi J^ to be * 

F*O.Rj< flUPEUC* -i«V. 

• - 1 

ijiix «. '■•■ • 

~S/\ OST peopIe_hardlY_reiJIze that head-aches an d dy spepsia, a nd forty other 
■*■ *- miseries or more, all co me from one cause, and that taking a separate retn- 
edy for e ach s ym ptom is like picking the haves off an obnoxious tre e instead of 
striking at the roo t. Headache, or sluggishness, or disordered stomach, br co nstipa- 
tion, or offensive breath — show that cither the sfeomach or bowels, or the liver, are not 
doing their natural work, and Rirans Tabules ?o to the ro ot of all these difficulties 
and many others at once, by imm ediatel y con-_cting the stomach and gently stimu- 
lating the liver and bo wels to heal th y actio n. 

These Tabul es ar e the accurate prescript, on of a regular physician ; they are a 
perfectly har mless, si mple remedy, as mild, yet c ertain, as nature itself. To people 
of sedentary ways, professional and business E i n , and particularly to women, these 
Tabules ios ure a regular habi t, comfortable dig stion and a clear he gd, p r eventing 
many a serious illness with its lon g train ofsofirering and e xpense. 

Lay the axe to the root of the tree. 

nk* *rf prwi'jf^i <Ui.f OOrc tt*-l f ~t n 'J--** u Uf vA J 1 Hfep MB " ~-<.t 
I of fc**.**»«r» « ptyvcua a €MZr*i. to pr-r- ,x*j« o-U ee *. -u*fej . . mi* t*. 

»o u «v.<=-^ Md :. tan >^^. 
m p-*» »»*p. lo» ** •(•.<■ j«. 4t- 

o>ck or »y.. jro. to 
A Ui of k.gMut Ttontoi (pnr. y> otrxi) < 

The RtPAKs Chemical Co, __ 

to Sfrxc. Sbett K«» Yak. 

EDWARD B. DA IIS, D. D. S. W \ "W'TJJl ) I 


Blanchard's Block. Cor. Main and Pleasant BtS. 

Would respectfully call attention to the 


For all operations. 

Complete Copies of 
Vol. I and II of the 

Granite Monthly 

Address this office. 


Crown and Bridge work. 

Artificial work in the most artistic manner. 

but sell ilirtrt to tfct« consumer at 
wholesale prices. Snipanywtaere 
for examination be fore sale. Every 
thing warrauted. 
[QO ttyles of Carriages. *> ntyla of 

2- . ri i • : • • ■ ' • 

VV,j; V Hanu t . S id Ut <. F ■; A< to. ( te 
^ ^^ * ^.-...H !.. In otamnfl ii..^r:i 

Send lc. In stumps, postage on 
2oconc.. r .i >Va?nn £29.10. \\± pasre catalogue. 

B. PRATT, Secretary. ELKHART, INC 

/Jerks'***' i > 

ft c 

^^ *k /ate - " 

li ( / )M( 



It is 5urprisin£ How Cheap 

ore than oatmeal — infinitely better 

Those two-pound packages of Quaker Oats are sold! Cost little, if any, ifri 
finitely better. 
Sold only in 2 lb. Packages. 

The Worlds Fair' 
Best Flour 

Excels All Others in 
Purity in Milling- and 
Excellent Flavor of the Bread 



The Old Reliable "BOSS 



Guaranteed to 

Equal the Best Flour 

From Any Other Source. 

irt ? Both brands for sale by the leading grocers. 


Hartford, Conn. 

JANUARY 1, 1895. 

Assets, January i. 1S95 ....... 542,052,166.44 

Liabilities to Policy-holders, reserve and all other claims . 35,500,065.21 

Payments to Policy-holders in 1894 ..... 4,170,140.52 

Surplus as to Policy-holders, January 1, 1895 . . . 6,552,103.25 

Premium receipts in 1894 ....... 4,984,304.01 

Interest receipts in 1S94 ....... 2,043,371.67 

Total receipts in 1S94 ........ 7,027,675.6s 

Insurance in force January 1. 1895, Life and Accident . 165,680,345.94 

Paid Policy-holders since organization .... 90.537,687.45 

Hon. MORGAN G. BLLKELEY, President. 

Vice-President. Secretary. Actuary. 

G. W. RUSSELL, M. D., rledical Director. 

JAMES CAMPBELL, H. D., Medical Examiner. 

CHAS. S. PARKER, Manager - - CONCORD, X. H. 

% I< % C ¥ fj ¥ Y f I K G[ 

Of every description is a recent addition 
to the facilities of the 


cox con i), n. n. 



For Evaporating Maple Sap, ; ; 

; ; : Manufacturing Cider Jelly, etc, 

The Granite State 

Challenges the World to show any other Evaporator 
which will do the same work, combining all its ad- 
vantages, or wiD 9how so small a percentage of 
damage or repairs. 

Throw away your sap pan. You can make more 
sugar, whiter Bizgar, and better sugar with the 
Granite State Evaporator than by any other method. 


P. O. Box 208, Mar low, New Hampshire. 

Kill) b all ' ]S! e w j9 t ucli o , 

syndicate: block. 

&.s finely arranged in every particular for the production 
of first-class work as the gallery at Concord 


Including Dallmeyer portrait lenses, — the best in the world 

Studio open every day. Sittings made Tuesdays and Wednes- 
days oi" each week. 
Copying of all kinds, finished in crayon or color. 


- ti 






Only the purest, selected remedies, carefully prepared by an ex- 
perienced physician, are used in Ripans Tabules. They contain no acrid, 
irritating substance; nothing that can injure the sensitive tissues of the 
stomach and bowels. The most delicate ciuSd can take them with perfect 
safety and positive benefit. Their action; is mild and natural. They 
have no "coating." A coated pill may take hours to digest, or may not 
digest at all, but Ripans Tabules dissolve e^s'.y and quickly in the stomach, 
giving immediate relief. 

L.-.« Lrtr a.-.d t\>» 

Ripan* T«bvjle» are a icgalu prescii;tion a-.<1 not a nif> I nun Dastriai. Pr.yucla^ eieif ■bet 
preacribe Rhubarb, Ipecac, PepprrBiBt, a: e.-. Sua Vomica, and SM 

ti-cy do Li rtrj s-.xple . They correct a disordered aMaaach, ard fer.:ly s^ 
reachic^ •*>* scarce of headaches, duUaeaa, diitness, t=.i.,jej>:!c.i, 
patient, b!:oa«u-.css ftainice it.-ef-Ja/<t;es, catarrh, and sko enrOHOO* . a-.i 
preTtrrmj nirrt senous illne**. Tne« Tabule* are especially benerfc ..J 
to people of sr-Jes-jry »iv^ — bu^oeia aad ceo. and 
laxly to vnt^c. L"n_ k -->•-. — tr.n^ >jj^'e prescriptions— caar ■■ 
prepare these ir:fr-die:.j in. »o cua.eajeat a shape, ocr it ;ay MCS ["- - 
■1 Ripans Tab^r* ; ■which ate pot op k> Uu:e ai. -tight to: pca-iec vi_; 
prtservuij thru qvULjtiei trea-h for year*. St» vja!s a a pjla>-»jt I - 
aJl ; jo ccn:s a box. SoM by drMfxim or se.-u by oa.', oa receipt af. 
price, by T« Rtrwi Gcjogu. Co.. 10 Sftja St.. Nfw Ye**. 

werj iir. 
tor. Hftut 

!l lo he*.--.; ict.ja, tii* 

"■ JJ 

The World's Fair" 
Best Flour 

Excels All Others in 
Purity in Milling and 
Excellent Flavor of the Bread, 


The Old Reliable "BOSS" 


Guaranteed to 

Equal the Best Flour 

From Any Other Source 

[dP'Both brands for sale by the leading grocers. 


Healthy Oid People 
Wiit Te!l You 


that the principal thing to do is to keep the stomach, liver and 
bowels in order if you want to live long Physi"cians will say the 
same thin;: too. 

*.»•*•» ^ ■*%••»•«. • 

kw^*; ^^•**^.*'* v^ 

The Remedy Called 


is neither miraculous, mysterious no* remarkable. It is <s..Tipty 
a well-known formula prescribed by the tes' physicians for dis- 
orders of the digestive organs. In the shape of tabules it is con- 
venient to carry, easy to take, quick to act and economical to 
buy. h -isn't necessary to go to the expense of consulting a 
physician in cases of 




and troubles of a like nature. 


are particularly elective if taken at the first symptom of ar.y cf 
the abo.c ailments. They act so quickly that ONE TABULE 
GIVES RELIEF, and. if piven a fair are as nearly in- 
fallible as any remedy can be Most dru.;g^ts keep them, and 
any dr-uggist will get them ii requested to do so. The price is 
50 cenrs a box. and they will be sent, postage prepaid, oa 
receipt of by the 



Ripans Chemical Co., 

to spruce; street. ^ 






mmmm s . 



Blanchard's Block. Cor. Main and Pleasant Sts. 


Would respectfully call attention to the 

Complete Copies <>f 
Vol. I and II of the 

AYES' PROCESS OF ANAESTHESIA G X ct 11 I t £ M O Q t ll 1 )' 

For all operations. 

nd Bridge work. 

1 work in the must artistic manner. 

FAT mi k^ reduce< 3 '5 ^s. a 
TMI lULhO month. Hiss M. 
Ainley, Supply, Ark., says: '■ I lost 
BO pounds and feel splendid." No 
starving. No sickness. Particulars 
and sample box (sealed) 4 cts. 
F. (,., Box 401, St. Louis, Mo. 

Address this office. 


f-^ b **•* ._ but sell direct to the consumer ur 
Hj fS&T ly~~~^L. wholesale prices. Ship anywhere 
\//\ for examination before sale. Every 
i thing warr in ted. 

>■'',•■' i of ' hiiiages. 90 •• • i of 

- ' 

- -i ^r-s*. ' » i~^->^r~]l M ' styles of inmages. 90 « • •■ ■■ 
<V>\V V JCWYV/ »»nia«. Sa I Ut *. F(y -Vet*. - ! -. 
2rg£! V?- . Jgfs E V.y Send Ic. in stamps, postage on 
Ho. 13 Enclt«h Trav f 112 page catalogue. 

IV. B. PRATT, Secretary. ELKHART, IND 

" The New Hampshire Teachers' Reading Circle can not be 
too Highly Recommended." — Report of School Board, Town of Xetc 

London, X. II. 

School Boards of New Hampshire, do you wish to have better teachers 
and better schools ? 

If so, see that your teachers are members of the New Hampshire Teachers' 
Reading Circle. 

Teachers of New Hampshire, do you wish to keep abreast with the edu- 
cational progress of the State ? 

If so, do faithfully the work required in the Reading Circle, or, if not 

already a member, make application at once. 

A new class is now forming. 

Send for Circulars to C. M Sargent, General Manager, jo Bromfield St., Room 

21, Boston, or to the Secretary, Fred Oowing, Concord ', N, H. 


Webster^ International I 


Invaluable in Of&ee, School, or Home. 

"Sew from cover to cover. 

Ir [3 the Standard of tl e T". P. Supreme Cow :. <>f the C B. Government Print- 
Ing Office, ami <>t nearh all <>t :;..• Schoolbooks, It i> warmly comuu tided bj • 
State Superintendent i i 8ch< 

A College President nritn: " Tor <m*<» with which tin- eye find- the 
word nought, for accuracy of definition, for effective methods hi indicating 
pronunciation, f«>r terse >« t comprehensive statements «>f facts, and l>*r 
practical use as a 'working dictionary, 'Webster's International' excels S 
ajiy other single volume." * 

G. & C. >lerriam Co., Publishers, 

Springfield, Mass., I*. S. A. $ 

V9end for free pamphlet c l pnees, Illustrations, ete, £ 

6T"Do not buy cheap photographic reprints ot the \V< bstei ot iht. f 



Makes a handsome and serviceable dress for any use, a bicycle suit, or riding habit, and the only 
genuine substitute for a mackintosh at naif the cost, ami none of the objectionable features. 

None genuine without Trade Mark "PLUETTE" on back of goods every rive yards. Plaette is 
guaranteed. Take n>» other, and beware of other so called rain-proof serges which are sure to 
cockle after being wet. FOR SALE AT ALL DRY GOODS STORES. 

% l. % d ¥ % o } r Y f I j\ r ct 

Of every description is a recent addition 
to the facilities of the 


CONCORD, N. 11. 

Give us <m fcria] order. 

EDWARD B. DAVIS. 1). 1). S. )\' ^N TE I ) ! 


Blanchard's Block. Cor. Main and Pleasant Sta. 

Would respectfully call attention to the 

Complete Copies of ~ 

Vol. 1 and II of the 


For all operations. 

sthesia Granite Monthly 

Crown and Bridge work. 

Artificial work in the most artistic manner. 

Address this office. 


but sell dir.-'-t r<. the < nsumer at 
wholesale prices. Sbipanywhere 
for examination before sale. ] 

& FAT FOLKS n r^ ed \^ s \? N£ S5^«hi5w„™uttr ,,u ™- MfcJL% "' 

If \ , c month. Miss M. V \^f J -o ... / — y i.«-. s?yf« o/ ttirr&ipe* ■ 

Z{ Ainlev, Supply, Ark., says: '* 1 lost V^__ y \ c\Jd . V Harms*, SatirtU . F . Xei • 

60 pounds and feel splendid." No 
^7 starving. No sickness. Particulars 
^iy^r^i » and sample t>"X (sealed] 4 cts. 
HALL CO., F. G., Box 104, St. Louis, Mo. 

end 4c. in si - Stage on 

So.3»r«Mur4 iraean *29.m [ 12 p aj, e catalogue. 

W. B. PRATT. Secretary. ELKHART, INC 


Of every description is a recent addition 

to the facilities of the 



G ive us a t rial oi*< Lei 

Dress Goods. 

Storm Serges, 
Water Spots Them. 
If 1 You Want a 
Dress that Rain 
Salt Water or Hud 
will not Injure 





E. W. PEARS( >X. 

Director of Music, Public Schools, Nashua. N. n 
f.n<J Supen i>'-r >.f Music, State Normal 
School. Pl5 mouth, N. il. 




Published by Republican Press Association', 

Con conn, X. II. 


Guaranteed raiu proof. Makes nobby ridding 
habit, bicycle suit, yachting dress, outing, or 
street costume. Beware of oilier so-called rain- 
proof fabrics, as ihey will cockle when wet. See 
that trade mark PLUETTE is stamped on goods 
every five yards or you will be disappointed. 


$0.25 I $40.00 pe»- . 1,000 

1.00 i 

Ten Copies . 

aty-fire Copies 2.00 i 
: Fiftv Copies . . 3.00 | ?5.00 per . . 100 


.4 well-wr::te:i tre. -it i -eon Ttrs ,-iil Magnetism and its 
development, to assure improve oent in inc. can I 

aing name and date of th » paper and enclosing xoc, 
t ' • f. Anderson, Masi nicTei . !e. Chic igo. 1 Ic 

shiuH Lerca'ihy everyone as itmeans the better 
nor at, mental And physical manhood and womanhood. 
x.o pp. book on HYPNOTISM, ice. Large book fa. 



B^J- ^ 

- - . . 

^ - • ... - 

Good Design, 
Good iron. 

Good Baker. 

Every Range Warranted, 

For Sale by all the Leading New 
England Dealers. 

If your local dealer does not carry our Range, and attempts to sell another 
make, which he claims. to be "just as good," insist on having the " Somersworth." 


soMERSAYOirrir machine co. 








-• .■ 







% 1 


Rfi c 







The most delicious and economical breakfast food in 
the wide, wide world. Pure and sweet. Try it ! 

Sold only in 2 lb. Packages. 





if you want An Outdoor Dress 

of any kimi Use Dress Goods Stamped 



Blanchard'S Block. Cor. Main anil Pleasant Sts. 




Frequent, difficult, involuntary pa-.-ing 
Of arine quickly cured by 

TXT& 5.1ei;ri-_"o ZrZL±zr-zy ^,cxz±e±ZT. 
$1. Druggists or prepaid by 

F. B. WADLElGir, Alton, N. H. 

Would respectfully call attention to the 

For all operations. 

Crown and Bridge work. 

Artificial work in the most artistic manner. 


» «» b- 


it sell direct to tbe coi sumer at 
holesale prices. Ship anywhere 

for examination before sale. Every 

thing warr inte 1. 

100 stub J of Carriage*. 90 si 

«vv W r '\\/ jr '■"'■' «*• >,: "■'' *■ / ' - v ' • 

-I V£. ^xa4* y \^ Send 4c. in stamps, p stage 
Ho. 17 EncUthTrap i*7.:<<>. li- page catalogue. 

W. B. PRATT, Secretary. ELKHART, IND- 


Good Design, 
Good Iron, 

Good Baker, 

Every Range Warranted, 

For Sale by all the Leading New 
England Dealers. 

If your local dealer does not carry our Range, and attempts to sell another 
make, which he claims to be "just as good," insist on having the " Somersworth." 





Invaluable Aids to Teachers 
an.' Students of Geography 


on the Physical Features 
of rhe Earth's Surface. 

Now Ready 




Late Director U. S. Geological Survey. 

Annual Subscription — ten .Monographs — 

payable in advance, .... $1.50 

Annual Subscription — five copies to one 

address -- payable in advance, . . 6.00 

Single Monographs 20 

Re vi it with order to 

Anerican Book Company 

New York - Cincinnati - Chicago 

Just Published 


-:- Beautifully Illustrated -:- 


A beginner's book, based on the 
natural methods of teaching geog- 
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of the Committee of Ten. Prepares 
the young mind for more advanced 
geographical study by cultivating 
the observing faculty and imparting 
a clear conception of geographic 

Sent, postpaid, for 25 cents 

New York - Cincinnati - Chicago - Boston 
Atlanta - Portland, Ore. 

Adopted Feb. 22, 1S95, by an act of the Legislature, for use in all the public schools 

of the State of West Virginia. 

Myers's General History. 

The most masterly text-book on general history ever written. 

Montgomery's American History. 

A vivid panorama of the great activities of American life. 

Montgomeiy's Beginner's American History. 

The history" of the nation told in the biographies of its founders and builders. 

Ginn & Company's Writing Books. 

The means of acquiring a neat, leg) Me hand, and writing with ease and rapidity 



GINN &■ COMPANY, Publisher;?, 




T_T AVH you feasted your eyes upon the 
J J beauty ami grace of the IS95 Co- 
lumbias? Have yen tested and 
compared them with all others? Only 
by such testing can you know how fully 
the Columbia justifies its proud title ol 
the Standard for the World. And the 
price is but 


POPE MFG. CO., Hartford.Conn. 




An Art (\t.\l( 

rCE of these famous 
Hat: tnis, £80 -• 

>. fr< pat any Columbia Asenc< * ] 

mailed for two 2-ceni stamps. \V J 


Our Pianos Satisfy the Most Ci I ins. 

Will SHOCLD.VT THP.1 \\\ 

Vou will do yourself an injustice if you 
before seeing them oi getting full particul 
them by mail. Catalogues ou application. 

Tuning and repairing a specialty. 

M. D. FIFE & CO., 

852 Elm Street, - Manchester, ^ . 



Certificates issue 1 bv the 

••_ com nued in the !'.■ 


Paid-in Capital, -'..- 
record : Years <>f unqualified success. 
A purely mutual nationalized Co-opt rative Bank. 

Makes loans on improved homestead Citj Real l- - 
e-pt< :ic::.j but Instalment First Mortg ig< - as s< 
Bond Certificates, secur< ; bj th< - •• rtgi [jes. are is: 

for investors. An appreciating security. 







Redeemed by 




second vear. at 



- K 


rust Co. 

, Minn 

1 Dividend Bond Certificates. "Clas 
rnings in excess of 6' accumulate. 

Subscription prxc. 51. 2 i premium. 

Interest paid semi-annually by coupon. 
Company at expiration of ro years, or at pnr- 
upon 60 days* notice, on any interest daj after 
$50 per share : after 8 years, with accum 
'• and "F" coupons are- payable at Northern 
eapolls, Minn., through any National B .'-. 

Brokers and Correspondents Solicited. 

AW; VHLr inv« -■.■■■.< nt must have- thr< t cha r.n 1 1 r I - 1 i« 
First. Safety. It never pays to risk pi 
-.'m ot hig rest. Real Est 

values A Mortgag* \.i!l take it> Real Estab 
ts Mortgag 
Sec nd \\.iil:i!»;iii\. Somethiiig yon can sell easilj 

may m loney 

T!i- - i. Profit. ■■■ is practi " ■ 

A.u tnvi ilii that is both safe in I available, 
unprofitable, 19 1 poor one. 

New Hampshire and Vermont Department, 

F. G. HARTSHORN, Manager, 

Nos. : and 7 Picket ng Bu d 

N - 


mii M mn